Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 851
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Li Shijuan - - 2007
The objective of this paper is to outline the project that eventually seeks to visualize clinical knowledge found within the record; the immediate task being to create a model that can be deployed for therapeutic purposes. How therapies for a certain type of chronically ill patient can benefit from Virtual ...
Logemann Jeri A - - 2007
The oropharyngeal swallow mechanism is comprised of several behaviours that change systematically or occur randomly. The systematic changes are dependent on the bolus characteristics (i.e. volume and viscosity) and voluntary control. An oropharyngeal swallow is rapid (less than 2 s), and videofluoroscopy is required to determine which muscles or nerves ...
Robinson L - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Wandering occurs in 15-60% of people with dementia. Psychosocial interventions rather than pharmacological methods are recommended, but evidence for their effectiveness is limited and there are ethical concerns associated with some non-pharmacological approaches, such as electronic tracking devices. OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical and cost effectiveness and acceptability of ...
Lewis Michele - - 2007
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neuromuscular disease for which there is no cure. There is a general misunderstanding among healthcare professionals of the proper use and potential benefits of physical and occupational therapy to treat the symptoms and resulting loss of independence. These services can help maximize mobility ...
Richey Donald F - - 2007
Current therapies for sebaceous hyperplasia (SH) have a high risk for adverse effects and recurrence of treated lesions. The theoretic basis for the treatment of SH by photodynamic therapy (PDT) with 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) has been established. Studies show that 1 hour is sufficient ALA incubation time to achieve clearance, ...
Taylor Nicholas F - - 2007
QUESTION: Is therapeutic exercise of benefit? DESIGN: A summary of systematic reviews on therapeutic exercise published from 2002 to September 2005. PARTICIPANTS: People with neurological, musculoskeletal, cardiopulmonary, and other conditions who would be expected to consult a physiotherapist. INTERVENTION: Therapeutic exercise was defined as the prescription of a physical activity ...
Chan Maria - - 2007
Nutrition and exercise are an integral part of the medical management of many chronic and complex conditions. They are interrelated and share many common metabolic pathways that may affect disease processes and their management. In nephrology, nutritional interventions have been relatively well studied and are recommended in many evidence-based clinical ...
Tamir Ruth - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The application of motor imagery practice in the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD) is a novel treatment approach for improving motor function. The purpose of this study was to compare group treatment using a combination of physical and motor imagery practice with group treatment using only physical ...
Daley Amanda J - - 2007
There is now evidence to support the antidepressant effects of exercise in general and in clinical populations. This article reviews the evidence regarding the potential role of exercise, particularly pram walking, as an adjunctive treatment for postpartum depression. Database searches revealed two small randomised controlled trials conducted in Australia which ...
Tchanturia Kate - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a severe mental illness. Drug treatments are not effective and there is no established first choice psychological treatment for adults with AN. Neuropsychological studies have shown that patients with AN have difficulties in cognitive flexibility: these laboratory based findings have been used to develop a ...
de Morton Natalie A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of exercise interventions for acutely hospitalized older medical patients on functional status and hospital outcomes. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PEDro, Current Contents and Sports Discus were searched until February 2006. Additional studies were ...
Nehra Ajay - - 2007
An estimated 30 million men in the United States suffer from varying degrees of erectile dysfunction. Increasing age and comorbidities are likely to increase the number of men who are initially refractory or become refractory to phosphodiesterase (PDE)-5 inhibitors, the most popular oral therapy. Combination therapy, a concept well proved ...
Moran F - - 2007
Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) may be a means to temporarily reverse or slow the progression of respiratory failure in cystic fibrosis (CF). To compare the effect of NIV versus no NIV in people with CF. We searched the Cochrane Cystic Fibrosis and Genetic Disorders Group Trials Register comprising references identified from ...
Busch A J - - 2007
Fibromyalgia (FMS) is a syndrome expressed by chronic widespread body pain which leads to reduced physical function and frequent use of health care services. Exercise training is commonly recommended as a treatment. This is an update of a review published in Issue 2, 2002. The primary objective of this systematic ...
Bartels E M - - 2007
Clinical experience indicates that aquatic exercise may have advantages for osteoarthritis patients. To compare the effectiveness and safety of aquatic-exercise interventions in the treatment of knee and hip osteoarthritis. We searched MEDLINE from 1949, EMBASE from 1980, CENTRAL (Issue 2, 2006), CINAHL from 1982, Web of Science from 1945, all ...
Daley A - - 2007
Evidence suggests that a high proportion of perimenopausal and early postmenopausal women will experience some menopause symptoms, hot flushes being the most common. The effects caused by falling levels of estrogen may be alleviated by hormone replacement therapy (HRT) but there has been a marked global decline in the prescription ...
Handoll H H G - - 2007
Hip fracture mainly occurs in older people. Mobilisation strategies such as gait retraining and exercises are used at various stages of rehabilitation after surgery. To evaluate the effects of different mobilisation strategies after hip fracture surgery in adults. We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register, ...
de Morton N A - - 2007
A high incidence of functional decline (deterioration in physical or cognitive function) during hospitalisation of older adults is reported. The role of exercise in preventing these deconditioning effects is unclear. To determine the effect of exercise interventions for acutely hospitalised older medical patients on functional status, adverse events and hospital ...
Satoh Hiroyuki - - 2007
The present study investigated cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers for estimating degeneration of the central nervous system (CNS) in experimental dogs with GM1 gangliosidosis and preliminarily evaluated the efficacy of long-term glucocorticoid therapy for GM1 gangliosidosis using the biomarkers identified here. GM1 gangliosidosis, a lysosomal storage disease that affects the brain ...
Aziz S - - 2006
PURPOSE: To investigate whether orthoptic exercises are an effective way to influence the near point of convergence, fusion range and asthenopic symptoms. METHODS: Seventy-eight patients met the inclusion criteria of visual acuity 6/9 or better, no history of orthoptic treatment, squint surgery or Meares Irlen syndrome/dyslexia. Information was collected from ...
Butzkueven H - - 2006
Observational cohort studies are a powerful tool to assess the long-term outcome in chronic diseases. This study design has been utilized in local and regional outcome studies in multiple sclerosis (MS) and has yielded invaluable epidemiological information. The World Wide Web now provides an excellent opportunity for an international, collaborative ...
Schalow G - - 2006
Forward-backward movement symmetry of the human CNS was investigated through pattern change during exercising on a special coordination dynamics therapy and recording device in the forward and backward direction. A mirror-image symmetry shift was found in a patient with cerebellar injury for the attractor patterns (movement patterns with the highest ...
Stathopoulos Elaine - - 2006
Exercises designed to strengthen muscles involved in respiration, phonation, and articulation play a key role in the remediation of voice and swallowing disorders. This article presents exercise physiology principles that are beginning to be used by a small group of speech and swallowing researchers to undergird their efficacy-based studies of ...
Mujais S - - 2006
Automated peritoneal dialysis (PD) is the dominant mode of delivery of PD in the US. Information about actual prescribing patterns has been limited. The present study examines cycler prescription use in large cohorts during the years 1997, 2000, and 2003. We observed trends consisting of increasing fill volumes, increasing time ...
Singhal Aneesh B - - 2006
Oxygen is frequently administered to patients with suspected stroke. However, the role of oxygen therapy in ischemic stroke remains controversial in light of the failure of three clinical trials of hyperbaric oxygen therapy to show efficacy, and the fear of exacerbating oxygen free radical injury. The previous trials had several ...
Yu Doris S F - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Effective management of heart failure relies on optimal use of non-pharmacological therapy alongside medical treatment. Yet, there is an inadequate use of non-pharmacological therapy in caring for older people with heart failure. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of relaxation therapy and exercise training on psychological outcomes and disease-specific quality ...
Hoeldtke Robert D - - 2006
We assessed the potency of octreotide and midodrine, and their combination, in the treatment of the postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) and orthostatic intolerance (OI). Nine patients with POTS and six patients with OI stood for up to 1 hour while their HR and BP were monitored. Patients received on separate ...
Moseley A L - - 2007
Secondary arm lymphoedema is a chronic and distressing condition which affects a significant number of women who undergo breast cancer treatment. A number of health professional and patient instigated conservative therapies have been developed to help with this condition, but their comparative benefits are not clearly known. This systematic review ...
Furto Eric S - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to investigate the outcome of a series of consecutive patients with temporomandibular disorder (TMD) who were treated with manual physical therapy interventions and exercise. Consecutive patients with the clinical presentation of TMD completed several self-report measures and underwent a standardized historical and physical examination. ...
Gruenenfelder Fredrik I - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To adapt and standardize neural tissue mobilization exercises, quantify nerve root movement, and assess the anatomic effects of lumbar spinal nerve and dural mobilization in dogs. ANIMALS: 15 canine cadavers. PROCEDURES: 5 cadavers were used in the preliminary part of the study to adapt 3 neural tissue mobilization physical ...
Pezner Richard D - - 2006
PURPOSE: To compare step-and-shoot intensity-modulated radiation therapy (SAS-IMRT) and helical tomotherapy (Tomo) dosimetry plans for patients who have received adjuvant radiation therapy for retroperitoneal sarcomas (RSTS). METHODS AND MATERIALS: A retrospective review was performed for seven patients who received either SAS-IMRT or Tomo as adjuvant radiation therapy for RSTS. In ...
Verhagen Arianne P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Interventions such as physiotherapy and ergonomic adjustments play a major role in the treatment of most work-related complaints of the arm, neck, and/or shoulder (CANS). We evaluated whether conservative interventions have a significant impact on outcomes for work-related CANS. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: A systematic review was conducted. Only ...
Burnett Arthur L - - 2006
PURPOSE: Erectile dysfunction is a recognized, common adverse consequence of radical prostatectomy as well as various other pelvic surgeries. While a host of management options have been considered to decrease this complication, neuromodulatory therapy has recently been advanced as an intervention that may be applied for this purpose. We evaluated ...
Fazekas Gabor - - 2006
Spasticity is velocity and acceleration dependent, and it is therefore important to execute physiotherapeutic exercises at a relatively low and constant velocity. This can be more accurately managed by a robot than by a person when such exercises are administered continuously for more than 15-20 min. The purpose of this ...
Feinfeld Donald A - - 2006
The optimal method of extracorporeal removal of many toxic compounds is often a matter of debate. Due to the lack of well-designed studies, we are often left with circumstantial evidence, and we must exercise our best clinical judgment as to whether extracorporeal drug removal is beneficial and if so, by ...
Crizzle Alexander Michael - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To review existing studies evaluating the effectiveness of physical exercise on mortality, strength, balance, mobility, and activities of daily living (ADL) for sufferers of Parkinson's disease (PD). DATA SOURCES: The following databases were searched (1) Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (2) Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature ...
van Nes Ilse J W - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The long-term effects of 6-weeks whole-body vibration, as a novel method of somatosensory stimulation, on postural control and activities of daily living were compared with those of 6 weeks of exercise therapy on music of the same intensity in the postacute phase of stroke. METHODS: Fifty-three patients ...
Dirks Amie J - - 2006
Over 100 million prescriptions were filled for statins (3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors) in 2004. Statins were originally developed to lower plasma cholesterol in patients with hypercholesterolemia and are the most effective drugs on the market in doing so. Because of the discovered pleiotropic effects of statins, the use has ...
Robinson L - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of non-pharmacological interventions (excluding subjective barriers) in the prevention of wandering in people with dementia, in comparison with usual care, and to evaluate through the review and a qualitative study the acceptability to stakeholders of such interventions and identify ethical issues associated with ...
Bywater Anna - - 2006
Bowel dysfunction is a common problem for people with MS. It impacts upon both physical disability and psychosocial wellbeing. This article reviews the limited evidence underpinning best practice. The evidence highlights the importance of a thorough bowel assessment and adequate fluid and fibre intake together with the benefits of pelvic ...
Bierer Gregory - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Fabry disease is an X-linked genetic disorder resulting in the accumulation of glycosphingolipids in various organs, leading to exercise intolerance and early mortality. Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) has recently been approved for use in Fabry patients. GOALS OF STUDY: To assess baseline cardiopulmonary exercise characteristics in both invasive and ...
Weber Martin S - - 2006
Statins, inhibitors of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase, are widely prescribed for their cholesterol-lowering properties to reduce atherogenesis and cardiovascular morbidity. Over recent years, statins have also been shown to exert pleiotropic immunomodulatory effects that might be of therapeutic benefit in autoimmune disorders. The primary mechanism by which statins alter immune ...
Cahan M A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In the authors' previous study of gallbladder function before and after fundoplication, 58% of the patients demonstrated preoperative gallbladder motor dysfunction, and 86% of those retested after operation and cessation of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) normalized. Because no study has directly assessed the impact of antisecretory agents on gallbladder ...
Medlicott Marega S - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This systematic review analyzed studies examining the effectiveness of various physical therapy interventions for temporomandibular disorder. METHODS: Studies met 4 criteria: (1) subjects were from 1 of 3 groups identified in the first axis of the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders, (2) the intervention was within ...
Baysal O - - 2006
The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the therapeutic effect of three different combinations in the conservative treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) by means of clinical and electrophysiological studies. The combinations included tendon- and nerve-gliding exercises in combination with splinting, ultrasound treatment in combination with splinting ...
O'Neill Brenda - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Despite widespread prescription, the efficacy of short-burst oxygen therapy has not been established. AIM: To systematically review the available evidence for short-burst oxygen therapy in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHOD: Retrieval of randomized-controlled trials comparing short-burst oxygen (oxygen for breathlessness at rest, before exercise and after ...
B. Suzic-Todorovic, D. Djordjevic, ...
We are studied efficacy of high frequency magnetic fields (HFMFs) in treatment of Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD) including X-rays signs. THELF system apparatus has been used for treatments on 32 young sportsmen (9-15 years). 18 boys and 14 girls, with HFMFs (base frequency 27.125 MHz, with different impulse repetition frequency of ...
Wilson Jonathan - - 2006
The Evaluation of the HUD Lead-Based Paint Hazard Control Grant Program (Evaluation) was a HUD-funded study of the effectiveness of lead hazard control (LHC) treatments conducted by 14 grantees in communities across the country. A stratified random sampling scheme was used to select treated units at four grantee sites for ...
Kulbersh Brian Daniel - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Dysphagia is commonly associated with head and neck cancer treatment. Traditional dysphagia management strategies focus on post-treatment therapy. This study evaluated the utility of pretreatment swallowing exercises in improving post-treatment swallowing quality of life (QOL). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study and cross-sectional QOL analysis. METHODS: This study includes 37 ...
Plaskos Nicholas P - - 2006
PURPOSE: To evaluate the opinions of gynecologists and interventional radiologists regarding uterine fibroid embolization (UFE). METHODS: We mailed surveys to all gynecologists and interventional radiologists practising in Toronto, Ontario. Study criteria excluded those physicians who did not assess or treat patients with uterine fibroids. We evaluated whether they educated patients ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >