Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 853
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Jamtvedt Gro - - 2008
Patients with knee osteoarthritis [OA] are commonly treated by physiotherapists in primary care. Measuring physiotherapy performance is important before developing strategies to improve quality. The purpose of this study was to measure physiotherapy performance in patients with knee OA by comparing clinical practice to evidence from systematic reviews. We developed ...
Galvin Rose - - 2008
Stroke is a leading cause of disability among adults worldwide. Evidence suggests that increased duration of exercise therapy following stroke has a positive impact on functional outcome following stroke. The main objective of this randomised controlled trial is to evaluate the impact of additional family assisted exercise therapy in people ...
Dalbello-Haas V - - 2008
Despite the high incidence of muscle weakness in individuals with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) or motor neuron disease (MND), the effects of exercise in this population are not well understood. The objective was to systematically review randomised and quasi-randomised studies of exercise for people with ALS or MND. We searched ...
Takken T - - 2008
Exercise therapy is considered an important component of the treatment of arthritis. The efficacy of exercise therapy has been reviewed in adults with rheumatoid arthritis but not in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). To assess the effects of exercise therapy on functional ability, quality of life and aerobic capacity ...
Lin Chung-Wei Christine - - 2008
Rehabilitation after ankle fracture can begin soon after the fracture has been treated by the use of different types of immobilisation which allow early commencement of weight-bearing or exercise. Alternatively, rehabilitation may start following the period of immobilisation, with physical or manual therapies. To compare the effectiveness of rehabilitation interventions ...
Van den Ende C H M - - 2008
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease affecting the musculoskeletal system. Inflammation of the joints and tendons results in pain, swelling and restricted movement, eventually leading to radiological changes and deformities. Exercise therapy is considered to be an important cornerstone of the treatment of RA in all stages of ...
Quinlivan R - - 2008
McArdle disease (Glycogen Storage Disease type V) is caused by the absence of the glycolytic enzyme, muscle phosphorylase. People present with exercise-induced pain, cramps, fatigue, and myoglobinuria, which can result in acute renal failure if it is severe. To systematically review the evidence from randomised controlled trials of pharmacological or ...
Ussher Michael H - - 2008
Taking regular exercise may help people give up smoking by moderating nicotine withdrawal and cravings, and by helping to manage weight gain. To determine whether exercise-based interventions alone or combined with a smoking cessation programme are more effective than a smoking cessation intervention alone. In July 2008, we searched the ...
Cranston Josephine M JM Discipline of General Practice, School of Population Health and Clinical Practice, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, 5005. - - 2008
Dyspnoea, or distressing breathing, is often a severe subjective symptom in terminal illness and may be difficult to control. Oxygen therapy is currently one of the interventions used to treat it. This review aimed to identify all randomised controlled studies (RCTs) in which oxygen therapy was used as a treatment ...
Aazh Hashir H Audiology Department, Ealing Hospital, Uxbridge Road, London, UB1 3HW, UK. - - 2008
Since the first description of tinnitus retraining therapy (TRT), clinicians have modified and customised the method of TRT in order to suit their practice and their patients. A simplified form of TRT is used at Ealing Primary Care Trust Audiology Department. Simplified TRT is different from TRT in the type ...
Dunlop Boadie W BW Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA. - - 2008
Exercise is gaining interest as a treatment for major depressive disorder (MDD). Though not yet fully established as an efficacious therapy for psychiatric disorders, exercise has well-established benefits for physical health and overall well-being. However, there are potential health risks to exercise that need to be considered before recommending physical ...
Cohen Karen - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Nevirapine-containing antiretroviral therapy (ART) and rifampicin-based antitubercular therapy are commonly co-administered in Africa, where nevirapine is often the only available non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor. Rifampicin induces the metabolism of nevirapine, but the extent of the reduction in nevirapine concentrations has varied widely in previous studies. We describe ...
Mottola Michelle F - - 2007
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a form of diabetes first diagnosed during pregnancy, usually between 24 and 28 weeks. Currently, management for women with GDM consists of medical nutrition therapy with adjunctive exercise for at least 30 minutes/day. Patients who fail to maintain glycemic goals through diet and exercise therapy ...
Beer Kenneth - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Acne scars may negatively impact quality of life. The purpose of this study was to collect preliminary data on the efficacy and safety of injectable poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA, Sculptra, Dermik Laboratories) for the treatment of acne scars. METHODS: Twenty subjects aged 42.4+/-10.7 years (10 men, 10 women) ...
Metsios G S - - 2008
This systematic review investigates the effectiveness of exercise interventions in improving disease-related characteristics in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). It also provides suggestions for exercise programmes suitable for improving the cardiovascular profile of RA patients and proposes areas for future research in the field. Six databases (Medline, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, ...
Wiskemann J - - 2008
Even when the procedures are successful, patients experience considerable physical, psychological and psychosocial stress before, during and after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Physical exercise therapy constitutes a potentially promising intervention to reduce such stress within the framework of HSCT because of its multidimensional effectiveness. Up to May 2007, fifteen ...
Cup Edith H - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To summarize and critically appraise the available evidence on exercise therapy and other types of physical therapies for patients with neuromuscular diseases (NMD). DATA SOURCES: Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE (Rehabilitation and Physical Medicine), and reference lists of reviews ...
Canapp Debra A - - 2007
Physical rehabilitation modalities such as therapeutic ultrasound (TU), transcutaneous electrical neuromuscular stimulation (TENS), neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES), cold or low-level laser therapy (LLLT), and pulsed magnetic field therapy (PMF) can all, when used properly, assist in treating orthopedic injuries, neurological conditions, and chronic conditions brought about by normal aging in ...
Young-McCaughan Stacey - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To review the literature and summarize the findings of exercise intervention research for patients with cancer undergoing treatment. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases of the Ovid Medline and CINAHL from 1980 to present. Reference lists from retrieved articles were reviewed and relevant articles included. CONCLUSION: Exercise programs have been primarily ...
Barbour Krista A - - 2007
This article reviews evidence supporting exercise as a treatment for psychiatric disorders. Although data from randomized trials are limited, results of studies included in this review generally support use of exercise as an alternative or adjunctive treatment. Discussion of practical issues regarding exercise, potential mechanisms for the beneficial effects of ...
Kavookjian Jan - - 2007
PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review is to assess and summarize evidence and gaps in the literature regarding the intervention for being active (exercise) among individuals with diabetes. METHODS: Twelve electronic databases were searched. Publications eligible for inclusion specifically studied learning, behavioral, clinical, and humanistic outcomes for exercise interventions ...
Zuwallack Richard - - 2007
The optimal care of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease generally requires combining pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic therapies. The latter include smoking cessation, the encouragement of physical activity and exercise, influenza and pneumonia vaccinations, education on adherence to medical therapy, collaborative self-management strategies, such as a plan to manage exacerbations, and ...
van Rijn Rogier M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: During the recovery period after acute ankle sprain, it is unclear whether conventional treatment should be supported by supervised exercise. AIM: To evaluate the short- and long-term effectiveness of conventional treatment combined with supervised exercises compared with conventional treatment alone in patients with an acute ankle sprain. DESIGN: Randomised ...
Bishop Dorothy V M - - 2007
Dore Achievement Centres are springing up world-wide with a mission to cure cerebellar developmental delay, thought to be the cause of dyslexia, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, dyspraxia and Asperger's syndrome. Remarkable success is claimed for an exercise-based treatment that is designed to accelerate cerebellar development. Unfortunately, the published studies are seriously ...
Avouac J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of recently available oral therapies, ie, endothelin receptor antagonists (ERAs) and phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors (PDEIs), in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension related to connective tissue disease (CTD), mostly systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHOD: A systematic literature search was conducted up to April 2007. All randomised controlled trials ...
Minns Lowe Catherine J - - 2007
To evaluate the effectiveness of physiotherapy exercise after elective primary total knee arthroplasty in patients with osteoarthritis. Systematic review. Database searches: AMED, CINAHL, Embase, King's Fund, Medline, Cochrane library (Cochrane reviews, Cochrane central register of controlled trials, DARE), PEDro, Department of Health national research register. Hand searches: Physiotherapy, Physical Therapy, ...
Motl R W - - 2008
Using meta-analytic procedures, this study examined the overall effect of exercise training interventions on quality of life (QOL) among individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). We searched MEDLINE, PSYCHINFO and CURRENT CONTENTS PLUS for the period of 1960 to November 2006 using the key words exercise, physical activity and physical fitness ...
Levy Charles E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the combination of botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) treatment for the upper limb and a 4-wk course of exercise therapy could improve motor function sufficiently to allow those with poststroke hemiparesis and spasticity to achieve the minimal motor criteria (MMC) to be enrolled in constraint-induced movement therapy ...
Engel Roger M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore the effect of combining manual therapy with exercise on respiratory function in normal individuals. METHODS: The study design was a randomized control trial. Forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1) were measured in 20 healthy, ...
Verhagen A P AP Erasmus MC, University Mediacal Center Rotterdam, PO Box 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, Netherlands. - - 2007
Conservative interventions such as physiotherapy and ergonomic adjustments (such as keyboard adjustments or ergonomic advice) play a major role in the treatment of most work-related complaints of the arm, neck or shoulder (CANS). Objectives. This systematic review aims to determine whether conservative interventions have a significant impact on outcomes for ...
Gaudin Philippe - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Dynamic exercise therapy as defined by the American College of Sports Medicine for healthy individuals is of unclear relevance to patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). No recommendations on this issue are available. Few studies have evaluated the optimal program, frequency, or target population; furthermore, there is no consensus about ...
Meuret Alicia E - - 2008
Given growing evidence that respiratory dysregulation is a central feature of panic disorder (PD) interventions for panic that specifically target respiratory functions could prove clinically useful and scientifically informative. We tested the effectiveness of a new, brief, capnometry-assisted breathing therapy (BRT) on clinical and respiratory measures in PD. Thirty-seven participants ...
Laude Elizabeth A - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent reports of the benefits of helium/oxygen gas mixtures (heliox) use for the relief of dyspnoea and exercise limitation have stimulated interest in the use of heliox in the palliation of dyspnoea especially in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. With better understanding of the mechanistic causes of ...
Williamson Katherine K - - 2007
It is clear from a review of the current scientific literature that an evidence-based approach to medical treatment of equine respiratory disease can be applied, at least in the instance of common lower respiratory diseases. In particular, there is clear evidence for efficacious treatments for recurrent airway obstruction and exercise-induced ...
Chuma Takayo - - 2007
Exercise for patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) can improve primary and secondary symptoms and can be beneficial for patients in all stages of PD. An exercise programme should include aerobic exercise, stretching exercises and strengthening exercises. Twenty minutes of exercise three times a week is best. In addition, use of ...
Antoniazzi Ana Luisa de Lima - - 2007
We describe the various side effects occurring in dialysis sessions and indicate measures for their prevention and/or treatment. Next, we analyze dialysis headache in terms of incidence, prevalence, criteria for its inclusion in the classification of the International Headache Society, and factors related to its triggering, ie, bradykinin and nitric ...
Quinlivan R M - - 2007
A systematic review of evidence for randomised controlled trials using pharmacologic and nutritional therapies in McArdle disease was undertaken. Primary outcome measures included any objective assessment of exercise endurance. Secondary outcome measures included changes in metabolic parameters, subjective measures such as quality of life scores and adverse outcomes. Ten randomised ...
Wiart Marlène - - 2007
Our aim was to evaluate the influence of regional prostate blood flow (rPBF) on high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) treatment outcome. A total of 48 patients with clinically localized prostate cancer were examined by dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE)-MRI prior to HIFU therapy. A prostate-specific antigen (PSA) nadir threshold of 0.2 ng/ml was ...
Teeling Mary - - 2007
To examine prescription patterns of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or analgesics in patients prescribed chronic rofecoxib treatment prior to withdrawal from the Irish market, and to determine the impact on proton pump inhibitor (PPI) co-prescription. Using a national prescribing database, adults (> or =16 years) prescribed rofecoxib for > or ...
Mannerkorpi Kaisa - - 2007
Non-pharmacological treatment for patients with chronic widespread pain (CWP) and fibromyalgia (FM) aims to enhance overall health. This chapter reviews studies of exercise, education, movement therapies and sensory stimulation. Based on a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs), we suggest that aerobic exercise of low to moderate intensity, such ...
Wilson E C F - - 2007
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disorder that can affect any system of the body. Involvement of the kidneys, lupus nephritis (LN), affects up to 50% of SLE patients during the course of their disease, and is characterized by periods of active disease (flares) and remission. For more severe ...
Vikne John J Friskvernklinikken, Asker, Norway. - - 2007
Many patients with chronic whiplash-associated disorders have reduced neuromuscular control of the neck and head. It has been proposed that a new sling exercise therapy may promote neuromuscular control of the neck. To compare the effects of traditional physiotherapy vs traditional physiotherapy combined with a new sling exercise therapy on ...
Conn V S - - 2007
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this meta-analysis was to integrate the results of primary research testing the effect of diabetes self-management interventions that included recommendations to increase exercise on metabolic outcomes among adults with type 2 diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Extensive literature searching strategies were used to identify published and unpublished ...
Maksymowych Walter P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Recent work has shown that several soluble biomarkers, detectable in peripheral blood, synovial fluid, and/or urine, reflect remodeling of joint tissues and may therefore constitute outcome measures that reflect joint damage. Consequently, it is now desirable to begin the process of developing criteria for validation of a soluble biomarker ...
Lang Catherine E - - 2007
Given the contemporary clinical belief that more practice is better, it is important to determine how much practice currently occurs during physical therapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT). The purpose of this study was to examine the number of repetitions of various activities during PT and OT outpatient treatment sessions ...
Ellis Naomi - - 2007
PURPOSE: To review the existing evidence examining effectiveness of exercise as an adjunct therapy for psychosis. METHOD: A search of databases including Pub Med, Psych Info, Cochrane Library, Cinahl, Sports Discus and Web of Knowledge was conducted to identify studies investigating the psychological changes following exercise interventions in people with ...
Gazi Hashim - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To obtain a consensus on the minimal clinically relevant treatment effect in various scleroderma disease outcome measures to be used in future clinical trials. METHODS: A Delphi consensus building exercise using a survey was sent out to members of the Scleroderma Clinical Trials Consortium (SCTC). The 65 SCTC members ...
Lin Chih-Ching - - 2007
Vascular access malfunction, usually presenting with an inadequate access flow (Qa), is the leading cause of morbidity and hospitalization in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Many methods of thermal therapy have been tried for improving Qa but with limited effects. This randomized trial was designed to evaluate the effect of far-infrared (FIR) ...
Ainsworth Roberta - - 2007
To review the evidence for the effectiveness of therapeutic exercise for the treatment of full thickness (including massive and inoperable) tears of the rotator cuff. There is little consensus as to the most effective treatment of full thickness and massive tears of the rotator cuff. There is consensus that the ...
Gross Anita R - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine if conservative treatments (manual therapies, physical medicine methods, medication, and patient education) relieved pain or improved function/disability, patient satisfaction, and global perceived effect in adults with acute, subacute, and chronic mechanical neck disorders (MND) by updating 11 systematic reviews of randomized controlled trials (RCT). METHODS: Two independent ...
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