Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 853
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Busch Volker - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Some migraine patients find that regular exercise helps in reducing the frequency of headache attacks. In addition, exercise in migraine is recommended from many headache experts. However, most of these recommendations refer to some anecdotal reports or observational studies in literature stating that regular exercise can reduce the frequency ...
Kerchner Katherine - - 2008
Lower extremity lymphedema is an important medical issue which causes morbidity and is frequently seen by dermatologists. The subject has not been adequately addressed in dermatologic literature for many years. Primary lymphedema is caused by an inherent malfunction of the lymph-carrying channel, in which no direct outside cause can be ...
Daley A J - - 2008
While it seems intuitively appealing to promote participation in regular exercise in the management of irritable bowel syndrome, limited randomised controlled trial evidence exists to support this recommendation. We examined the feasibility and effects of an exercise intervention upon quality of life and irritable bowel symptoms using a randomised controlled ...
Elyan Mazen - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review studies of various physical therapy programs in ankylosing spondylitis and identify their benefits and potential indications in the treatment of this disease. RECENT FINDINGS: Various exercise and physical therapy programs have been evaluated in clinical studies. Home exercise programs have been shown to improve symptoms, ...
Albert P - - 2008
Access to comprehensive guidelines on the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is now available, and several treatment goals of therapy have been identified from these guidelines, which have since been studied in clinical trials. Drug therapy is a key component of an individual patient's management plan, particularly in ...
Coleman Elizabeth A - - 2008
To determine the effect of aerobic and strength resistance training and epoetin alfa (EPO) therapy on transfusions, stem cell collections, transplantation recovery, and multiple myeloma treatment response. Randomized clinical trial. A myeloma research and therapy center in the south central United States. 135 patients with multiple myeloma, 120 evaluable. Random ...
Kim Victor - - 2008
Since the introduction of oxygen as a therapeutic agent 70 years ago, much has been learned regarding the detrimental effects of hypoxemia and the beneficial impact of oxygen therapy. It is projected that there are close to 800,000 patients receiving long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) in the United States, at a ...
Bui Kim - - 2008
Alopecia universalis often responds poorly to standard therapies. We report how a novel treatment option, alefacept, was successfully used in the management of a 21-year-old woman with alopecia universalis. The patient responded with complete regrowth of scalp and body hair after a single 12-week treatment course of alefacept. In addition, ...
Coote Susan S Department of Physiotherapy, University of Limerick, Limerick. Ireland. - - 2008
To evaluate the effect of robot-mediated therapy on arm dysfunction post stroke. A series of single-case studies using a randomized multiple baseline design with ABC or ACB order. Subjects (n = 20) had a baseline length of 8, 9 or 10 data points. They continued measurement during the B - ...
Salerno Mariacarolina - - 2008
CONTEXT: Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is the most prevalent endocrine disorder in the newborn and is routinely treated with life-long levothyroxine replacement therapy. Although several studies have demonstrated that such therapy may impact on the cardiovascular system, little is known with regard to the effects of long-term levothyroxine administration in patients ...
Goodwin Victoria A - - 2008
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder affecting the physical, psychological, social, and functional status of individuals. Exercise programs may be an effective strategy to delay or reverse functional decline for people with PD and a large body of empirical evidence has emerged in recent years. The objective is to ...
Weinstock Jeremiah J Department of Psychiatry, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT 06030-3944, USA. - - 2008
Exercise has been proposed as an adjunct intervention for substance use disorders due to its many benefits in terms of mental and physical health. This study investigated the association between completion of exercise-related activities and substance use disorders treatment outcome in a sample of 187 participants undergoing intensive outpatient treatment ...
Kroese Mariëlle E A L - - 2008
RATIONALE: In this study, information was gathered from five disciplines on their usual management methods for fibromyalgia (FM) in order to asses whether treatment regimens have changed in the Netherlands during a period of 6 years. In addition, insight was gained into the therapeutic motives of the professionals. METHOD: A ...
Umehara Megumi - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Repeated Waon therapy, which uses a far infrared-ray dry sauna system, improved the vascular endothelial function and the cardiac function in patients with chronic heart failure. In patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), pulmonary hypertension (PH) is associated with a poor prognosis. We investigated whether repeated Waon therapy ...
Liu Gouhui - - 2008
To investigate the efficacy of a combination therapy on gluteal muscle contracture, 286 definitely diagnosed patients were subjected to surgical treatment, and then functional exercises and physical therapy. The patients with severe symptoms were asked to have a set of specially-designed functional exercises. All the patients were followed up for ...
Mascitelli Luca - - 2009
Physical inactivity is increasing in virtually all developed and developing countries and is estimated to cause 2 million deaths worldwide annually. Conversely, regular exercise contributes to the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease, improves wellness, attenuates age-related decline and reduces risk of premature death. However, it is widely believed ...
Gurcay Eda - - 2008
We compared the short-term effects of Stanger bath therapy and conventional exercises on spinal mobility, functional capacity, disease activity, and quality of life with conventional exercise alone in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients. A total of 58 patients with a diagnosis of AS according to the modified New York criteria were ...
Schwarz Ute I UI Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, - - 2008
Genetic variants of the enzyme that metabolizes warfarin, cytochrome P-450 2C9 (CYP2C9), and of a key pharmacologic target of warfarin, vitamin K epoxide reductase (VKORC1), contribute to differences in patients' responses to various warfarin doses, but the role of these variants during initial anticoagulation is not clear. In 297 patients ...
Stenstrom David A - - 2008
To date there has been no general consensus regarding the effectiveness of N-acetylcysteine as a protective therapy against contrast medium-induced nephropathy. Several phase III clinical trials have been conducted without a proper understanding of N-acetylcysteine pharmacology, particularly with regard to first-pass hepatic metabolism. A review was conducted of the literature ...
Nghiem Francine Ton - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Medical therapy of ankylosing spondylitis has improved dramatically with the advent of anti-tumor necrosis factor therapy, but nonpharmacologic therapies have long been employed to treat the condition. The purpose of this review is to summarize the most recent data to assess the role of exercise and nonpharmacologic ...
Karatosun V - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study has been to determine whether hyaluronic acid (HA) or exercise therapy can improve functional parameters in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the ankle. METHODS: In a prospective clinical trial, 43 ankles (30 patients) with radiographic Kellgren Lawrence grade III OA were randomized to receive ...
Grainger Rebecca - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Novel therapies for gout have recently been developed which has prompted considerable efforts in defining the relevant outcomes for measurement in intervention trials of gout. This review summarizes the consensus exercises refining domains for measurement and the work of individual groups in assessment of the validity of ...
Simpson Kylie A - - 2008
Secreted from white adipose tissue, circulating concentrations of adiponectin are reduced in the presence of metabolic and cardiovascular disease such as obesity and type 2 diabetes. The aim of this systematic review is to assess the body of evidence critically for the effects of exercise on adiponectin levels. Literature searches ...
Oláh Mihály - - 2008
The therapeutic modalities available for the conservative management of chronic cervical and lumbar pain include underwater traction, the usefulness of which is not universally acknowledged. No reports have been published on clinical trials evaluating underwater traction. This study was intended to ascertain any beneficial impact of weightbath therapy on the ...
Maruyama Toru - - 2008
We use side-shift exercise and hitch exercise for the treatment of idiopathic scoliosis. Outcomes of side-shift exercise used for the curves after skeletal maturity or used in combination with part-time brace wearing treatment are better than the natural history. Side-shift exercise and hitch exercise are useful treatment option for idiopathic ...
Takeda Hiroaki - - 2008
Granulocyte and monocyte adsorption apheresis (GCAP) is a useful strategy for intractable ulcerative colitis, but its mechanisms of therapy is not fully explained. Previously, depleting activated granulocytes and monocytes (GMs) and modifying product of proinflammatory cytokines had been proposed. In addition, activated GMs are releasing anti-inflammatory cytokines, interleukin-1 receptor antagonist ...
Luginb?hl Rolf - - 2008
The objective of this prospective randomised study was to analyse the effect of the forearm support band and of strengthening exercises for the treatment of tennis elbow. Twenty-nine patients with 30 tennis elbows were randomised into 3 groups of treatment: (I) forearm support band, (II) strengthening exercises and (III) both ...
Daley Amanda J - - 2008
Primary dysmenorrhoea (PD) is chronic, cyclic, pelvic, spasmodic pain associated with menstruation in the absence of identifiable pathology and is typically known as menstrual cramps or period pain. PD is the most common gynaecological disorder in menstruating women. Despite treatments being available for PD, relatively few women consult a clinician ...
Negrini S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A previously published systematic review (Ped.Rehab.2003 - DARE 2004) documented the existence of the evidence of level 2a (Oxford EBM Centre) on the efficacy of specific exercises to reduce the progression of AIS (Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis). AIM: To confirm whether the indication for treatment with specific exercises for AIS ...
Clauw Daniel J - - 2008
Fibromyalgia is a common and disabling syndrome. Despite research detailing the efficacy of a variety of medicinal treatments, most notably, tricyclic antidepressants, serotonin-norepinephrine re-uptake inhibitors, and alpha(2)delta ligands, there is still widespread, routine use of agents that are mostly ineffective in treating the central nature of fibromyalgic pain. This article ...
Østerås Håvard - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There are no studies on economic issues concerning rehabilitation exercises for shoulder pain. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate sick leave and the associated costs after a medical exercise therapy programme in patients with longstanding subacromial pain/impingement. METHODS: A randomised controlled trial in which 61 patients ...
Carroll William R - - 2008
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Swallowing dysfunction is a devastating complication of chemoradiation therapy (CRT) for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. We have previously demonstrated that pretreatment swallowing exercises improve posttreatment swallowing-related quality of life. This study evaluates the effect of pretreatment swallowing exercises on posttreatment swallow function as measured by videofluoroscopy. STUDY ...
Joshi Ashish - - 2008
PURPOSE: Osteoarthritis is a common locomotor disorder affecting many older people and has become a growing public health problem. Adherence to exercise is a key to the successful recovery of patients but is often a major problem for older adults with osteoarthritis. The proposed pilot study is aimed to explore ...
Rozmarin Eyal - - 2008
The aim of the study described in this paper was to develop a method for measuring the therapeutic alliance from an intersubjective perspective and to evaluate the efficacy of the measure in predicting psychotherapy outcome. We conducted the study using data from 22 patient-therapist dyads engaged in a 30-session protocol ...
Loudon Janice K - - 2008
Functional ankle instability (FAI) is a term used to describe an ankle that easily 'gives way' with activity. There have been many proposed causes of FAI including joint proprioceptive deficiency, muscle weakness, balance control impairments, and delayed muscle reaction time, none of which has proven to be the exclusive cause ...
Bialek Marianna - - 2008
Functional Individual Therapy of Scoliosis--FITS concept may be used as a separate system of scoliosis correction, a supportive therapy to bracing, children preparation to surgery and also shoulder and pelvic girdle correction after surgical interventions. Taking into account the dysfunctions accompanying scoliosis, the authors of the concept propose an individually ...
Luppa Melanie - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In the past decades, a substantial number of studies considered factors influencing institutionalisation of persons with dementia. This study reviews recent work on predictors of actual institutionalisation in dementia. METHOD: Relevant articles were identified by a systematic search of the literature. Studies were considered which included persons aged 65 ...
Martinsen Egil W - - 2008
Anxiety and depressive disorders are major public health problems, and desirable changes in lifestyle, such as physical exercise, can have great potential in prevention and treatment. There is growing evidence that physically active people are at a reduced risk of developing depression, and that exercise interventions are associated with significant ...
Diwanji S R - - 2008
Transient osteoporosis of the hip is a clinical entity that is being diagnosed and reported with increasing frequency. Its aetiology remains a matter of speculation, and the same remains true for its treatment. Many researchers have proposed different surgical and non-surgical treatment strategies; but the conservative approach, which takes the ...
Hoorn Ewout J - - 2008
The complexity of hyponatremia as a clinical problem is likely caused by the opposite scenarios that accompany this electrolyte disorder regarding pathophysiology (depletional versus dilutional hyponatremia, high versus low vasopressin levels) and therapy (rapid correction to treat cerebral edema versus slow correction to prevent osmotic demyelination, fluid restriction versus fluid ...
Dobosiewicz Krystyna - - 2008
The method developed since 1979, comprises active 3-dimensional auto-correction, concerning the primary curve mobilization towards the correction of the curvature, with special emphasis on the kyphotization of the thoracic spine, carried on in closed kinematic chains, and developed on a symmetrically positioned pelvis and shoulder girdle, followed by active stabilization ...
Lustig Andrew - - 2008
Distinctions between therapy and enhancement are difficult to draw with precision, especially in marginal cases. Nevertheless, most recent Christian discussions of enhancement technologies accept the general plausibility of distinctions drawn between therapeutic interventions and enhancement technologies by appealing to general understandings of nature and human nature as available benchmarks. On ...
Falvo Michael J - - 2008
Individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) are not only burdened with disease-specific symptoms (i.e., bradykinesia, rigidity, and tremor), but are also confronted with age-associated progressive loss of physical function, perhaps to a greater extent than neurologically normal adults. Suggestions for the inclusion of resistive exercise into treatment to attenuate these symptoms ...
Hausenblas Heather A - - 2008
Exercise is not a standard intervention for patients with eating disorders. In this article, six studies are reviewed that examined exercise interventions in populations with eating disorders. The key conclusion is that exercise may improve a range of biopsychosocial outcomes in patients with eating disorders, but more research is needed.
Romano M - - 2008
A previously published systematic review (2003) documented evidence on the efficacy of specific physical exercises to reduce progression of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. A bibliographic search with strict inclusion criteria has been performed on the main electronic databases and through extensive hand search. We retrieved 19 studies: 1 randomised (RCT) and ...
Piggott Frederick - - 2008
This paper looks at the legacy of a justification doctrine evident in early international jurisprudence that set the threshold for treatment prohibited under international law as torture, cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment [hereafter the prohibition], excusing from its reach deliberately inflicted, potentially severe, suffering proportionately inflicted for a ...
Coley Nicola - - 2008
The prevention of neurodegenerative dementias, such as Alzheimer disease, is a growing public health concern, because of a lack of effective curative treatment options and a rising global prevalence. Various potential risk or preventive factors have been suggested by epidemiologic research, including modifiable lifestyle factors, such as social contacts, leisure ...
Chen Yen-Wei - - 2008
Controversy persists regarding the treatment planning criteria for young adult patients in need of esthetic restorations. The trend of conservative treatment modalities continues to become widely acknowledged. One of the conservative treatment modalities is porcelain laminate veneers (PLVs). PLVs not only provide suitable esthetics but also reliable functional strength. This ...
Drescher Kara - - 2008
We systematically reviewed randomized and quasi-randomized clinical trials in the literature to assess the efficacy of neck stabilization and postural exercises on pain, neck range of motion, and time off work in adults with acute whiplash-associated disorders. Electronic databases, reference lists of relevant Cochrane reviews, reference lists of studies selected ...
Takhreem Maria - - 2008
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a widespread medical condition that is progressive in nature. As renal function declines, the disease ultimately reaches the life-threatening end stage(ESRD), which requires urgent replacement therapy, either by dialysis or transplantation. As a result, CKD patients, many of whom have comorbid medical conditions, are severely ...
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