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Results 151 - 200 of 853
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Cochran Teresa M - - 2009
While practice errors have been studied extensively in medicine and pharmacy, little research exists in physical therapy. The purpose of this study was to explore the phenomenon of physical therapy practice errors in geriatric, adult neurologic, and orthopedic clinical settings. Thirty physical therapists with three or more years of practice ...
Brooks William J - - 2009
Some patients with mild or moderate thoracic scoliosis (Cobb angle <50-60 degrees) suffer disproportionate impairment of pulmonary function associated with deformities in the sagittal plane and reduced flexibility of the spine and chest cage. Long-term improvement in the clinical signs and symptoms of childhood onset scoliosis in an adult, without ...
Giaquinto Salvatore - - 2009
PURPOSE: Pet therapy is a non-pharmacological intervention, but its scientific value is still undefined. METHODS: The first step to identify the papers of interest was the access to the MEDLINE library from 1960 until June 2007 and the Cochrane controlled trials registry. RESULTS: At present there is consistent evidence of ...
McNair Peter J - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Recent guidelines pertaining to exercise for individuals with osteoarthritis have been released. These guidelines have been based primarily on studies of knee-joint osteoarthritis. The current study was focused on the hip joint, which has different biomechanical features and risk factors for osteoarthritis and has received much less attention in ...
Twisk Frank N M - - 2009
Benign Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME) / Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is a debilitating disease which, despite numerous biological abnormalities has remained highly controversial. Notwithstanding the medical pathogenesis of ME/CFS, the (bio)psychosocial model is adopted by many governmental organizations and medical profes-sio-nals to legitimize the combination of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and ...
Sterling Michele - - 2009
Chronic whiplash is a common and costly problem. Sensory hypersensitivity is a feature of chronic whiplash that is associated with poor responsiveness to physical treatments such as exercise. Modalities such as dry-needling have shown some capacity to modulate sensory hypersensitivity, suggesting that when combined with advice and exercise, such an ...
Abbott J Haxby - - 2009
Non-pharmacological, non-surgical interventions are recommended as the first line of treatment for osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip and knee. There is evidence that exercise therapy is effective for reducing pain and improving function in patients with knee OA, some evidence that exercise therapy is effective for hip OA, and early ...
Verhagen Arianne P - - 2009
Conservative interventions such as physiotherapy and ergonomic adjustments (such as keyboard adjustments or ergonomic advice) play a major role in the treatment of most work-related complaints of the arm, neck or shoulder (CANS). This systematic review aims to determine whether conservative interventions have a significant impact on outcomes for work-related ...
Elphick Heather E - - 2009
The most serious complications of cystic fibrosis (CF) relate to respiratory insufficiency. Oxygen supplementation therapy has been a standard of care for individuals with chronic lung diseases associated with hypoxemia for decades. Physicians commonly prescribe oxygen therapy for people with CF when hypoxemia occurs. However, it is unclear if empiric ...
Newton Robert U - - 2009
Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is accompanied by a number of adverse side effects including reduced bone mass and increased risk for fracture, reduced lean mass and muscle strength, mood disturbance and increased fat mass compromising physical functioning, independence, and quality of life. The purpose of this investigation is to examine ...
Edwards Steven J SJ Kellogg College, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. - - 2009
To compare the effectiveness of meropenem with cefepime and piperacillin/tazobactam in the absence of direct comparisons in randomised controlled trials. Two previously conducted systematic reviews, one comparing the carbapenems (ertapenem and imipenem/cilastatin) versus 4th-generation cephalosporins (cefepime) or antipseudomonal penicillins (piperacillin/tazobactam), and the other comparing the carbapenems (imipenem/cilastatin versus meropenem), were ...
Comer Christine M CM Section of Musculoskeletal Disease, Leeds Institute of Molecular Medicine, Section of Musculoskeletal Disease, University of Leeds, Chapel Allerton Hospital, Leeds, LS7 4SA, UK. - - 2009
Neurogenic claudication (NC) is the clinical syndrome commonly associated with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). Non-surgical management is recommended as initial treatment, but little is known about current practice in relation to the assessment and management of these patients in the non-surgical setting. We conducted a questionnaire survey of physiotherapists in ...
Fransen Marlene M Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Room 0212, Cumberland Campus C42, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, - - 2009
Current international treatment guidelines recommending therapeutic exercise for people with symptomatic hip OA report are based on expert opinion only. To determine whether land-based therapeutic exercise is beneficial for people with hip OA in terms of reduced joint pain and/or improved physical function. Five databases were searched from 1966 up ...
van Eijsden Marjon D MD Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University Hospital Maastricht, Maastricht, the Netherlands. - - 2009
Exercise therapies generate substantial costs in computer workers with non-specific work-related upper limb disorders (WRULD). To study if postural exercise therapy is cost-effective compared to regular physiotherapy in screen-workers with early complaints, both from health care and societal perspective. Prospective randomized trial including cost-effectiveness analysis; one year follow-up. Eighty-eight screen-workers ...
Beaton Rebekah R Rebekah Beaton, BSc , MPT : Surrey Memorial Hospital, Surrey, British - - 2009
To systematically review and synthesize results of studies that examined the effects of exercise on persons with metastatic cancer. Databases searched were MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. Search terms used were "metastatic or advanced or palliative AND cancer or neoplasms AND exercise or physical ...
Minns Lowe Catherine J CJ Department of Primary Care Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK. - - 2009
Physiotherapy has long been a routine component of patient rehabilitation following hip joint replacement. The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the effectiveness of physiotherapy exercise after discharge from hospital on function, walking, range of motion, quality of life and muscle strength, for osteoarthritic patients following elective primary ...
E Ghasemi; Physiotherapist, School ...
Introduction: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common progressive neurological disorder in the young adults. One of the areas that are affected in MS is the cerebellum. Ddisorders in this structure leadss to ataxia, imbalance, and so on, that can decrease patient's quality of life. Exercise therapy is an effective ...
Sarkissian Christineh N - - 2008
Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a metabolic disorder, in which loss of phenylalanine hydroxylase activity results in neurotoxic levels of phenylalanine. We used the Pah(enu2/enu2) PKU mouse model in short- and long-term studies of enzyme substitution therapy with PEGylated phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PEG-PAL conjugates) from 4 different species. The most therapeutically effective ...
Rawlins Michael - - 2008
Decisions about the use of therapeutic interventions, whether for individuals or entire healthcare systems, should be based on the totality of the available evidence. The notion that evidence can be reliably or usefully placed in 'hierarchies' is illusory. Rather, decision makers need to exercise judgement about whether (and when) evidence ...
Lundeberg Thomas - - 2008
During the last five years a large number of randomised controlled clinical trials (RCTs) have been published on the efficacy of acupuncture in different conditions. In most of these studies verum is compared with sham acupuncture. In general both verum and sham have been found to be effective, and often ...
Spiegel Brennan M R BM VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, Los Angeles, California 90073, - - 2008
Some studies indicate that small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO), as measured by hydrogen breath tests (HBT), is more prevalent in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) vs. matched controls without IBS. Although the data are conflicting, this observation has led to the hypothesis that SIBO may be a primary cause ...
Rogers Matthew Wayne - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized Clinical Trial. INTRODUCTION: Hand exercises have been recommended as treatment for hand osteoarthritis (OA) but research evidence is sparse. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To investigate effects of daily 16-week home-based hand exercise among persons with hand OA. METHODS: Forty-six older adults completed a crossover trial with washout ...
Van Houdenhove Boudewijn - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Syndromes characterized by chronic, medically unexplained fatigue, effort- and stress-intolerance, and widespread pain are highly prevalent in medicine. RESULTS: In chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and fibromyalgia (FM), various perpetuating factors may impair patients' quality of life and functioning and impede recovery. Although cognitive-behavioral and graded-exercise therapy are evidence-based treatments, ...
Hart Lawrence E - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To review within a prescribed evidence-based framework (1) the relationship between intermittent or lifelong physical activity and the subsequent onset or progression of osteoarthritis (OA) in later life and (2) the effect of structured exercise routines on the management of OA in the elderly. DATA SOURCES: A systematic literature ...
Coppola Steven M - - 2009
Physical therapy is common following a knee surgery. With rising healthcare costs there is debate as to the appropriateness of outpatient physical therapy following such interventions. Many of the existing controlled trials have concluded that there is no benefit to subjects that receive supervised physical therapy when compared to subjects ...
Lee Albert - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Limited information is available about general practitioners' knowledge, attitude and practice in treating osteoarthritis. This study sought to better understand GPs' management of mild to moderate osteoarthritis in Hong Kong. METHODS: A cross sectional survey of GPs using a structured questionnaire mailed in three stages. RESULTS: A total of ...
Kavanagh Brian - - 2008
The development of high-precision radiation therapy delivery technology has expedited a burgeoning interest in ultrabrief, intensified treatment courses that yield tumoricidal effects of unprecedented potency. Whereas novel medical treatments that provide enhanced clinical benefits can be associated with escalated risks of toxicity, it is absolutely essential for radiation oncologists to ...
Tai Mei-Kuei - - 2008
The incidence of heart failure (HF) is increasing as the population ages. Pharmacotherapy is an important component of treatment and yields significant improvements in survival and quality of life. In recent decades, exercise has gradually become accepted as an intervention beneficial to patients with HF, but more information is needed ...
Khanna D - - 2008
SSc can be associated with a high morbidity and mortality. Due to the complexity and heterogeneity of the disease, a composite response measure that will capture differing organ involvements and patient-reported outcomes is desirable. Recently, with participation of the Scleroderma Clinical Trial Consortium, a standardized core set of items were ...
E Ghasemi; MSc Physiotherapist, ...
Background:Parkinson's disease is a progressive and degenerative disease of the basal ganglia of the brain. Four major signs of this disease are: bradykinesia, tremor, rigidity and postural instability. Postural instability is the main cause of falling in these patients.Despite the importance of the role of the exercise therapy in reducing ...
Hernández-Molina Gabriela G Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2008
Recommendations for lower extremity osteoarthritis (OA) and exercise have been primarily based on knee studies. To provide more targeted recommendations for the hip, we gathered evidence for the efficacy of exercise for hip OA from randomized controlled trials. A bibliographic search identified trials that were randomized, controlled, completed by >or=60% ...
Takken T - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Exercise therapy is considered an important component of the treatment of arthritis. The efficacy of exercise therapy has been reviewed in adults with rheumatoid arthritis but not in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of exercise therapy on functional ability, quality of life and ...
Barton Christian J - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic literature review. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality and scope of recently published systematic reviews on the topic of patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) and to provide an overview of their findings. BACKGROUND: PFPS is a commonly treated condition. There is a large body of literature on conservative nonpharmacological ...
Huang Tina L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Brainwave entrainment (BWE), which uses rhythmic stimuli to alter brainwave frequency and thus brain states, has been investigated and used since the late 1800s, yet many clinicians and scientists are unaware of its existence. We aim to raise awareness and discuss its potential by presenting a systematic review of ...
Holden Melanie A - - 2008
Physical therapists have an important role in the management of clinical knee osteoarthritis (OA) through designing and supervising exercise programs. This study explored whether their current use of therapeutic exercise for patients with this condition is in line with recent recommendations. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with a random sample ...
Mepani Rachel R MCW Dysphagia Institute, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, - - 2009
Earlier studies of the effect of 6 weeks of the Shaker Exercise have shown significant increase in UES opening and anterior excursion of larynx and hyoid during swallowing in patients with upper esophageal sphincter (UES) dysfunction, resulting in elimination of aspiration and resumption of oral intake. This effect is attributed ...
Boyd John H - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Bicarbonate therapy for severe lactic acidosis remains a controversial therapy. RECENT FINDINGS: The most recent 2008 Surviving Sepsis guidelines strongly recommend against the use of bicarbonate in patients with pH at least 7.15, while deferring judgment in more severe acidemia. We review the mechanisms causing lactic acidosis ...
Ptok Martin - - 2008
For more than 40 years, electrical stimulation procedures for unilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve paresis (URLNP) therapy have been proposed. However, it is unclear whether electrical stimulation therapy is effective for URLNP patients. In this study we compare the outcome of traditional voice exercise treatment (VE) with electrical stimulation-supported voice exercise ...
Cohn Jay N JN University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. - - 2008
ONTARGET has established the efficacy of the angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) telmisartan to slow disease progression and delay or prevent morbid events in patients with atherosclerosis. Although the study failed to confirm additive efficacy of telmisartan and the angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE) inhibitor ramipril, caution should be exercised in assuming that the ...
Hughes Tom - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of proprioceptive exercise rehabilitation and taping techniques on proprioceptive measures in chronic functional ankle instability (FAI). DESIGN: Literature review. DATA SOURCES: Keyword search of the AMED, CINAHL, Medline, PEDro and SPORTDiscus online databases from January 1985 to February 2007. Also reference lists of articles obtained ...
Mease Phillip J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: In evaluating the effectiveness of fibromyalgia (FM) therapies, it is important to assess the impact of those therapies on the full array of domains considered important by both clinicians and patients. The objective of this research was to identify and prioritize the key clinically relevant and important domains impacted ...
Beukelman T - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the current usage of intra-articular corticosteroid injections (IACI) by pediatric rheumatologists and the perceived disadvantages of and obstacles to IACI therapy. METHODS: We mailed a 32-item questionnaire to pediatric rheumatologists in the United States and Canada (n=201) to assess treatment strategies for the initial treatment of monoarthritis ...
Galvin Rose - - 2008
This article focuses on the impact of increased duration of exercise therapy on functional recovery after stroke. A comprehensive literature search using multiple databases was used to identify all relevant randomized controlled trials. Their quality was reviewed by two independent assessors, and a narrative systematic review and meta-analysis was completed. ...
Patwardhan Sourabh D - - 2008
PURPOSE: Convergence insufficiency (CI) is a common binocular vision disorder. However, there is a lack of consensus regarding the treatment most appropriate for CI. The aim of the study was to investigate the treatment for CI by surveying the ophthalmologists regarding the most common treatment modalities used in India. MATERIALS ...
Schallhorn Steven C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe wavefront-guided (WFG) LASIK for the primary treatment of low to moderate levels of myopia and astigmatism and to examine the evidence on the safety and effectiveness of the procedure in comparison with conventional LASIK. METHODS: Literature searches conducted in 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007 retrieved 209 unique ...
Fernández-de-Las-Peñas C - - 2008
To date the effects of physical therapy or exercise in headaches has hardly been analysed. Conflicting results in previous studies might be due to the low number of clinical trials plus an indiscriminate application of different techniques. As different pathogenic mechanisms seem to be involved in each headache, the most ...
Moriyama Carolina Kimie - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the isolated and associated effects of estrogen therapy (estradiol valerate 1 mg/d orally) and physical exercise (moderate aerobic exercise, 3 h/wk) on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and menopausal symptoms among women who had undergone hysterectomy. DESIGN: A 6-month, randomized, double-blind, ...
Kühnlein Peter - - 2008
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is the most common neurodegenerative disease of the motor system. Bulbar symptoms such as dysphagia and dysarthria are frequent features of ALS and can result in reductions in life expectancy and quality of life. These dysfunctions are assessed by clinical examination and by use of instrumented ...
Cardoso Jefferson Rosa - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effects of facial exercises associated either with mirror or electromyogram (EMG) biofeedback with respect to complications of delayed recovery in Bell's palsy. PATIENTS: Patients with unilateral idiopathic facial palsy were included in this review. INTERVENTIONS: Facial exercises associated with mirror and/or EMG biofeedback as treatment. ...
Dziedzic Krysia - - 2008
This chapter summarizes current evidence from recently published systematic reviews of land- and water-based exercise therapies for musculoskeletal conditions. The aim is to present an overview of the evidence and highlight gaps where more research is still needed. This is not a systematic review, but a systematic search of the ...
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