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Results 101 - 150 of 851
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Kim Kyunghun - - 2009
Exercise-mediated physical treatment has attracted much recent interest. In particular, swimming is a representative exercise treatment method recommended for patients experiencing muscular and cardiovascular diseases. The present study sought to design a swimming-based exercise treatment management system. A survey questionnaire was completed by participants to assess the prevalence of muscular ...
Hashim Hashim - - 2009
Overactive bladder (OAB) syndrome is a prevalent condition that affects millions of people worldwide. There is no curative treatment, and management is aimed at reducing symptoms and improving quality of life. Conservative treatment is first-line therapy for OAB sufferers, including lifestyle interventions, bladder training, and pelvic floor exercises. The evidence ...
Kromer Thilo O TO Physiotherapiezentrum, Grube 21, DE-82377 Penzberg, The Netherlands. - - 2009
To critically summarize the effectiveness of physio-therapy in patients presenting clinical signs of shoulder impingement syndrome. Systematic review. Randomized controlled trials were searched electronically and manually from 1966 to December 2007. Study quality was independently assessed by 2 reviewers using the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) scale. If possible, relative risks ...
Kamioka Hiroharu H Faculty of Regional Environment Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture, Tokyo, Japan. - - 2010
The objective of this review was to summarize findings on aquatic exercise and balneotherapy and to assess the quality of systematic reviews based on randomized controlled trials. Studies were eligible if they were systematic reviews based on randomized clinical trials (with or without a meta-analysis) that included at least 1 ...
Gilchrist Mark - - 2010
There has now been a great deal written about inorganic nitrate in both the popular press and in scientific journals. Papers in the 1970s warned us that inorganic nitrate could theoretically be metabolised in the human body to N-nitroso compounds, many of which are undoubtedly carcinogenic. More recently there is ...
Ketola S - - 2009
We report a randomised controlled trial to examine the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of arthroscopic acromioplasty in the treatment of stage II shoulder impingement syndrome. A total of 140 patients were randomly divided into two treatment groups: supervised exercise programme (n = 70, exercise group) and arthroscopic acromioplasty followed by a ...
Roine Eija - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to review studies reporting cost-effectiveness of exercise-based interventions in treatment of various diseases. METHODS: Systematic literature search using several databases. Abstracts initially screened independently by two authors, full-text articles again evaluated by two authors, who decided whether an article should be included. Included ...
Sood Neelam - - 2009
Advantage of rapid rescreening (RR) over conventional 10% random rescreening of all negative smears has been the topic of debate. RR of negative smears by cytopathologists/cytotechnologists have yielded good results. We undertook the rapid review of all the reported cervical smears to study its results as a means of strict ...
Patel Barkha P - - 2009
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Disease pathogenesis in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) involves a number of interconnected mechanisms all resulting in the rapid deterioration of motor neurons. The main mechanisms include enhanced free radical production, protein misfolding, aberrant protein aggregation, excitotoxicity, mitochondrial dysfunction, neuroinflammation and apoptosis. The aim of this review is ...
Rowand Mark - - 2009
Conservative measures--followed by corticosteroid injection, if necessary--are best. Conservative therapy includes rest, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and stretching exercises focused on the lower back and sacroiliac joints. Patients whose symptoms persist despite conservative therapy are likely to benefit from an injection of 24 mg betamethasone and 1% lidocaine (or equivalent) ...
Wang Ching-Yi - - 2009
Exercise therapy is an important component of current standard therapy for patients with ankylosing spondylitis. The purpose of this review is to provide important guidelines when prescribing exercises by reviewing articles evaluating the effectives and usefulness of exercise therapy in patients with ankylosing spondylosis.
Zarzycka Maja - - 2009
Scoliosis is a deformity of the spine known since Hippocrates times. The value of certain methods of conservative treatment remains controversial. Some of them have only a psychological value both for the physician and his or her caregivers. Based on current literature and the Scoliosis Research Society Report of Alternative ...
Gielen Stephan - - 2009
Despite the advances in interventional techniques, the management of stable atherosclerosis remains the domain of optimal guideline-oriented therapy. Recent studies on the effects of aggressive lipid lowering on atheroma volume changes using intravascular ultrasound indicate that it is possible to achieve atherosclerosis regression by reaching low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels less ...
McCauley Rebecca J - - 2009
PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the current evidence for the use of oral motor exercises (OMEs) on speech (i.e., speech physiology, speech production, and functional speech outcomes) as a means of supporting further research and clinicians' use of evidence-based practice. METHOD: The peer-reviewed literature from ...
Rhodes Ryan E - - 2009
Client adherence to exercises prescribed by a physical therapist is very important to successful treatment outcomes. Unfortunately, many clients struggle with adherence and thus efficient and effective motivational interventions are desirable. The purpose of this article was to review the available evidence for: 1) the modifiable factors associated with adherence ...
Schyns F - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of whole body vibration (WBV) on tone, muscle force, sensation and functional performance in people with multiple sclerosis. DESIGN: A randomized cross-over pilot study. SETTING: Revive MS Support Therapy Centre. Glasgow, UK. SUBJECTS: Sixteen people with multiple sclerosis were randomly allocated to one of two ...
Knekt P - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Lifestyle is less favourable among individuals suffering from psychiatric disorders. We studied whether psychotherapy brings along changes in lifestyle and whether these changes differ between short-term and long-term psychodynamic psychotherapy (SPP and LPP) and solution-focused therapy (SFT). METHODS: A total of 326 outpatients, 20-46 years of age, with mood ...
Lui Andrew J - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is an idiopathic disease of adults affecting upper and lower motor neurons. In one to four years, progressive weakness, spasticity, and respiratory insufficiency compromise independence and survival. Current medical treatment is limited to medication and supportive care. The benefit and harm of moderate ...
Othman M - - 2009
The heterogeneity among severe haemophilia A patients reflects on variable tendencies for bleeding and also variable responses to FVIII therapy. This variability cannot be detected or predicted by routine coagulation tests. Thromboelastography (TEG) has recently been evaluated for assessing hemostatic patterns in haemophiliacs and proved valuable in monitoring therapy and/or ...
Jones Lee W LW Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA. - - 2009
Exercise tolerance reflects the integrative capacity of components in the oxygen cascade to supply adequate oxygen for ATP resynthesis. Conventional cancer therapies can simultaneously affect one or more components of this cascade and reduce the body's ability to deliver or utilise oxygen and substrate, leading to exercise intolerance. We propose ...
Young Ian A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To date, optimal strategies for the management of patients with cervical radiculopathy remain elusive. Preliminary evidence suggests that a multimodal treatment program consisting of manual therapy, exercise, and cervical traction may result in positive outcomes for patients with cervical radiculopathy. However, limited evidence exists to support the use of ...
Fransen Marlene - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine if clinical guidelines recommending therapeutic exercise for people with knee osteoarthritis (OA) are supported by rigorous scientific evidence. To explore whether the magnitude of treatment benefit reported in randomized controlled trials (RCT) is associated with exercise dosage or study methodology. METHODS: We conducted a metaanalysis of RCT ...
Robinson Matthew M - - 2009
The importance of mitochondrial dysfunctions in the progression of chronic disease has been well established. Patients with chronic diseases are often prescribed a variety of medications, many of which have been shown to induce mitochondrial dysfunction. Exercise is a known stimulus for mitochondrial biogenesis and also recommended to patients as ...
Jones Kim D - - 2009
This article summarizes physiologic obstacles to exercise and reviews exercise interventions in fibromyalgia (FM). In addition, the authors describe the top 10 principles for successfully prescribing exercise in the comprehensive treatment of FM and provide a practical exercise resource table to share with patients. A therapeutic alliance between the provider ...
Yeh Gloria Y GY Division for Research and Education in Complementary and Integrative Medical Therapies, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA. - - 2009
To conduct a systematic review of the literature evaluating tai chi exercise as an intervention for patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) or with CVD risk factors (CVDRF). We searched (1) MEDLINE, CAB Alt HealthWatch, BIOSIS previews, Science Citation Index, EMBASE, and Social Science Citation Index from inception through October 2007; ...
Kujala U M - - 2009
Evidence on the effects of exercise in the treatment of patients with chronic diseases should be based on well designed randomised controlled trials. The most consistent finding of the meta-analyses summarised in the present work is that aerobic/functional capacity and muscle strength can be improved by exercise training among patients ...
Janssen Robert G RG Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation Center of New Jersey, Marlton, New Jersey, - - 2009
Randomized clinical trial. Contrast baths are a treatment modality commonly used in hand clinics. Yet the benefits of contrast baths have been poorly substantiated. Contrast baths have been suggested for the purposes of reducing hand volume, alleviating pain, and decreasing stiffness in affected extremities. To determine the effects of specific ...
Oh S-Y - - 2009
Several methods of physiotherapy have been advanced for apogeotropic type benign positional vertigo involving the horizontal semicircular canal (HC-BPV). The aim of this study was to determine the therapeutic efficacies of the proposed maneuvers in apogeotropic HC-BPV. Using a prospective randomized trial involving seven nationwide dizziness clinics in Korea, we ...
Krishnan Arun V - - 2009
Neuromuscular disease is an extremely common complication of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), manifesting in almost all dialysis patients, and leading to weakness, reduced exercise capacity, and disability. Recent studies have suggested that hyperkalemia may underlie the development of neuropathy. As such, maintenance of serum K(+) within normal limits between periods ...
Asano M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this review is to ascertain the extent to which the current body of research on the role of exercise in multiple sclerosis (MS) provides sufficiently strong evidence to guide regular exercise prescription. METHODS: We searched CINAHL, COCHRANE, EMBASE, and MEDLINE between 1950 and December 2007 with ...
Clark C H - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to compare conventional radiotherapy with parotid gland-sparing intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) using the PARSPORT trial. The validity of such a trial depends on the radiotherapy planning and delivery meeting a defined standard across all centres. At the outset, many of the centres had little ...
Gillison Fiona Bridget - - 2009
The aim of the study was to provide an overview of the effect of exercise interventions on subjective quality of life (QoL) across adult clinical populations and well people, and to systematically investigate the impact of the exercise setting, intensity and type on these outcomes. From a systematic search of ...
Costi Stefania - - 2009
BACKGROUND, OBJECTIVES, AND MEASUREMENTS: Patients with chronic airway obstruction (CAO) frequently experience dyspnea and fatigue during activities performed by accessory muscles of ventilation, which competitively participate in arm elevation. This systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) concerning patients with CAO addresses the effects of upper-extremity exercise training (UEET), added ...
Braverman Debra L - - 2009
The prevalence of refractory angina in the United States is 600,000 to 1.8 million. Improved pharmacological, invasive, and surgical therapies for cardiovascular diseases during the last few decades have led to an increase in life expectancy of such individuals. Despite treatment with multiple medications and invasive procedures, these patients remain ...
La Gerche Andre - - 2009
Moderate exercise is a powerful therapy in the treatment and prevention of cardiac disease, but intense habitual exercise leads to cardiac adaptations for which the prognostic benefits are less clear. The athlete's heart syndrome refers to the morphological and electrical remodeling which occurs to varying extents dependent upon the sporting ...
Guimarães Kátia C - - 2009
RATIONALE: Upper airway muscle function plays a major role in maintenance of the upper airway patency and contributes to the genesis of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). Preliminary results suggested that oropharyngeal exercises derived from speech therapy may be an effective treatment option for patients with moderate OSAS. OBJECTIVES: To ...
Jones Lee W - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Performance status (PS) scoring systems are tools of immense clinical importance in the management of patients with malignant disease but these tools are subjective and do not provide an objective evaluation of physical functioning. We conducted a pilot study to explore the feasibility and clinical utility of functional capacity ...
McCarty Mark F - - 2009
Regular thermal therapy, using saunas or hot baths, has the potential to improve impaired insulin sensitivity and boost endothelial expression of the "constitutive" isoform of nitric oxide synthase--effects, analogous to those of aerobic training that should promote vascular health. Previous clinical reports suggest that hot tubs may be beneficial for ...
Posadzki Paul - - 2010
This study describes two similar approaches to human movement: Qi Gong exercises and the Feldenkrais method. These systems are investigated in terms of Gestalt concepts and humanistic psychology. Moshe Feldenkrais created the concept known as Awareness Through Movement. This concept assumes that by becoming more aware of one's movements, one ...
Maddocks Matthew - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Therapeutic exercise, although potentially beneficial, does not appear acceptable to many cancer patients. A greater understanding of the reasons for this is required. We have systematically reviewed the use of exercise in this group, identifying rates of uptake, adherence and completion along with factors influencing acceptability. METHODS: Searches were ...
Daley Amanda - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Post-natal depression (PND) is a serious mental health problem that may be reduced by exercise. National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence in England have recommended that health professions should consider exercise as a treatment for PND. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of exercise in the management of PND. ...
Pfefer Mark T - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Chronic tendon pathology is a soft tissue condition commonly seen in chiropractic practice. Tendonitis, tendinosis, and tendinopathy are terms used to describe this clinical entity. The purpose of this article is to review interventions commonly used by doctors of chiropractic when treating tendinopathy. METHODS: The Scientific Commission of the ...
Sanguineti Vittorio - - 2009
Robot therapy seems promising with stroke survivors, but it is unclear which exercises are most effective, and whether other pathologies may benefit from this technique. In general, exercises should exploit the adaptive nature of the nervous system, even in chronic patients. Ideally, exercise should involve multiple sensory modalities and, to ...
Galvão Daniel A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Androgen deprivation therapy leads to a number of adverse effects including deterioration of the musculoskeletal system and increased risk factors for cardiovascular and metabolic complications. The purpose of this study is to determine the effects, efficacy, retention and compliance of a physical exercise intervention in a large established cohort ...
Antonelli J - - 2009
Exercise has been increasingly investigated as an adjunct therapy for cancer patients. The purpose of this paper is to comprehensively review the literature regarding exercise as a therapeutic adjunct for prostate cancer (PC). Several studies in patients with PC have shown quality of life improvements associated with exercise. Although no ...
Rethorst Chad D - - 2009
Several meta-analyses examining the effects of exercise on depression have been criticized for including studies of poor methodological integrity. More recent meta-analyses addressed the most common criticism by including only randomized control trials; however, these analyses suffer from incomplete literature searches and lack of moderating variable analyses. Using a more ...
Dick Hans B - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Aspheric intraocular lenses (IOLs) were designed to improve functional vision on the assumption that reducing ocular spherical aberration would lead to improvements in contrast sensitivity. Although this has largely been confirmed by many studies, several recent studies have reported no difference in contrast sensitivity or in patient ...
Chernev Ivan - - 2009
Scleroderma or systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a relatively uncommon disease. Although well-known for many years, research on appropriate physical therapy during all stages of myositis due to scleroderma is limited. We report the functional outcome in a patient with an acute quadriparesis secondary to diffuse SSc associated with extensive myositis. ...
Cochran Teresa M - - 2009
While practice errors have been studied extensively in medicine and pharmacy, little research exists in physical therapy. The purpose of this study was to explore the phenomenon of physical therapy practice errors in geriatric, adult neurologic, and orthopedic clinical settings. Thirty physical therapists with three or more years of practice ...
Brooks William J - - 2009
Some patients with mild or moderate thoracic scoliosis (Cobb angle <50-60 degrees) suffer disproportionate impairment of pulmonary function associated with deformities in the sagittal plane and reduced flexibility of the spine and chest cage. Long-term improvement in the clinical signs and symptoms of childhood onset scoliosis in an adult, without ...
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