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Cohen Helen S - - 2010
To determine if variations in common treatments for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) affected efficacy. Prospective, pseudo-randomized study. Outpatient practice in a tertiary care facility. Patients (n = 118) with unilateral BPPV of the posterior canal, including 13 patients with BPPV of the lateral canal, were tested at a tertiary ...
Teasell Robert W - - 2010
Whiplash-associated disorder (WAD) represents a significant public health problem, resulting in substantial social and economic costs throughout the industrialized world. While many treatments have been advocated for patients with WAD, scientific evidence supporting their effectiveness is often lacking. A systematic review was conducted to evaluate the strength of evidence for ...
Toyama Kensuke - - 2010
Patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at high risk of cardiovascular mortality, thus therapies to improve renal function should be clinically investigated. We divided consecutive patients with CVD and CKD (n=19) into exercise (n=10) and non-exercise (n=9) therapy groups. Exercise therapy for 12 weeks significantly ...
Pisters Martijn F - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of patient exercise adherence within the prescribed physical therapy treatment period and after physical therapy discharge on patient outcomes of pain, physical function, and patient self-perceived effect in individuals with osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip and/or knee. METHODS: We performed a prospective observational followup study ...
Cheville Andrea L - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the feasibility of delivering a structured physical therapy (PT) program as part of a multidisciplinary intervention to patients undergoing outpatient radiation therapy for advanced cancer. DESIGN: A single-blinded, randomized, controlled trial at a quaternary medical center outpatient clinic. One hundred three adults undergoing radiation therapy for advanced ...
Srugo I - - 2010
Thoracolumbar disc herniation was diagnosed in a two-year-old ferret using a myelogram followed by a computed tomography scan. The ferret was paraplegic with no control over urination and defecation. Conservative treatment that included cage rest and passive range of motion exercises for three weeks followed by extensive physiotherapy and hydrotherapy ...
Valdes Kristin - - 2010
Systematic Review. Hand therapy interventions for patients with hand osteoarthritis (OA) can include splinting, joint protection technique instruction, paraffin, exercises, and provision of a home exercise program. Examine the quality of the evidence regarding the hand therapy interventions for hand OA. Twenty-one studies dated between 1986 and 2009 were included ...
Ruf Katharina - - 2010
Severe adverse reactions (SARs) associated with physical exercise have not been systematically studied in cystic fibrosis (CF). Two surveys were conducted to assess the incidence of exercise-related SARs: a caregiver survey asking for complications associated with exercise testing and in-hospital training therapy and a web-based patient survey asking for problems ...
Adeniyi Ade Fatai - - 2010
Most trials on the effect of exercise on patients with diabetes mellitus focused on their glycaemic control, only a few focused on sexual dysfunction. A comprehensive two-decade literature review (1989-2009) from peer-reviewed journals was undertaken to examine the roles if any, of therapeutic exercise as an intervention for sexual dysfunction ...
- - 2010
Dysmenorrhoea is characterized by cramping lower abdominal pain that may radiate to the lower back and upper thighs and is commonly associated with nausea, headache, fatigue and diarrhea. Physical exercise has been suggested as a non-medical approach to the management of these symptoms. To assess the evidence for the effectiveness ...
Jones Lee W - - 2010
OPThe benefits of exercise in patients with chronic disease have been studied extensively over the last half century. In contrast, investigation of the role of exercise following a diagnosis of cancer has received comparably less attention. In this article, we review the efficacy of exercise training in specific areas across ...
Müller Thomas - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Following cued levodopa (LD) intake, endurance exercise showed a beneficial effect on scored motor performance in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) in comparison with rest. This may result from an exercise induced increase in endogenous dopamine synthesis. As a result, beneficial effects on movement and reactivity may occur. OBJECTIVES: ...
Schreuder L T W - - 2010
Albuterol, a selective beta-adrenergic agonist, has been used experimentally in combination with exercise therapy in a few inherited neuromuscular disorders to increase muscle strength and muscle volume . We report on a 9-year-old boy with central core disease and mitochondrial dysfunction due to compound heterozygous RYR1 mutations receiving albuterol treatment ...
Bohm Clara J - - 2010
The many benefits of physical activity in the general population are well accepted. A growing body of evidence in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) demonstrates improvements to aerobic fitness and physical function with exercise therapy. This review outlines the major clinical findings associated with exercise training in ESRD, with ...
Dmytriv Mariya - - 2010
To shorten recovery time for adults with acute cervical radiculopathy, recommend either physical therapy (PT) and a home exercise plan or a cervical collar and rest. Both are more effective than a wait-and-see strategy.
Tatematsu Noriatsu - - 2011
The present study aimed to investigate the effects of exercise therapy on delirium in cancer patients. We conducted a retrospective study of cancer patients who were admitted to Kyoto University Hospital and referred to the Palliative Care Team. Subjects were divided into two groups [an exercise therapy group (EG) and ...
Saeed Sy Atezaz - - 2010
Anxiety and depression are among the most common conditions cited by those seeking treatment with complementary and alternative therapies, such as exercise, meditation, tai chi, qigong, and yoga. The use of these therapies is increasing. Several studies of exercise and yoga have demonstrated therapeutic effectiveness superior to no-activity controls and ...
Gualano Bruno - - 2010
There has been an increasing recognition of adverse short-, mid-, or long-term effects associated with the treatment as well as the disease itself that impair the health-related quality of life and functional capacity of children and adolescents with rheumatic diseases. Interestingly, cumulative evidence has suggested that exercise training may benefit ...
Wolfenstetter Silke B - - 2010
This systematic review aims to assess the characteristics of, and the clinical and economic evidence provided by, economic evaluations of primary preventive physical exercise interventions, and to analyse their transferability to Germany using recommended checklists. Fifteen economic evaluations from seven different countries met eligibility criteria, with seven of the fifteen ...
Larrick James W - - 2010
According to the Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite, when Eos asked Zeus for Tithonus to be granted immortality, she forgot to ask for eternal youth. Applied Healthspan Engineering (AHE) seeks to address this problem. All organisms have a minimal level of functional reserve required to sustain life that eventually declines to ...
Tay Edgar L W - - 2011
Patients with Eisenmenger syndrome (ES) have a decreased exercise capacity and poor quality of life (QoL). While patients may survive to middle adulthood, the burden of disease is disabling. Sildenafil seems to improve exercise tolerance and hemodynamics, but there is no data to date on its impact on QoL. Eisenmenger ...
Russell John A - - 2010
Sensorimotor deficits affecting voice and swallowing ability can have a devastating impact on the quality of life of people with Parkinson disease (PD). Recent scientific findings in animal models of PD pinpoint targeted exercise therapy as a potential treatment to reduce neurochemical loss and decrease parkinsonian symptoms. Although there may ...
Paul Anna - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The possible interference of combined laser hair removal and Botulinum toxin A (BoNT/A) injections in the treatment of axillary hyperhidrosis has not previously been explored. In order to examine this potential interference, we assessed the effect of BoNT/A on axillary hyperhidrosis with and without concomitant diode laser ...
Lirani-Galvão Ana Paula Rebucci - - 2010
Osteoporosis and its consequent fractures are a major problem in public health. To complement the conventional pharmacological treatment for this metabolic disease, non-pharmacological treatment options have been developed in the last decades. Several studies demonstrate that physical exercise programs including impact exercises, specific strength training, balance and coordination training may ...
Dale Russell C RC Institute of Neuroscience and Muscle Research, the Kids Research Institute at the Children's Hospital at Westmead, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia. - - 2010
Paroxysmal exercise-induced dystonia (PED) is one of the rarer forms of paroxysmal dyskinesia, and can occur in sporadic or familial forms. We report a family (male index case, mother and maternal grandfather) with autosomal dominant inheritance of paroxysmal exercise-induced dystonia. The dystonia began in childhood and was only ever induced ...
Arida Ricardo Mario - - 2010
The beneficial effects of exercise for people with epilepsy, including reduction of seizure susceptibility, improvement of quality of life, reduction of anxiety and depression, and better social integration, have increasingly been reported. We present data from human and animal studies supporting the role of exercise as a therapy for epilepsy ...
Johansen Kirsten L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The role of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) in treating the anemia of chronic kidney disease has been reevaluated in view of recent studies suggesting that the use of these agents may be associated with increased morbidity and mortality. This potential increased risk needs to be weighed against the potential benefit ...
Kelly Susan M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical outcomes of types of exercise in the management of subacromial impingement syndrome. DESIGN: Systematic review of randomized controlled trials. METHODS: Studies were identified from databases searched to May 2009: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Sports Discus, PEDro, AMED, Cochrane Library, National Research Register, Index Chiropractic Literature. Two ...
Billiones Raquel - - 2010
Saxagliptin is the latest addition to incretin-based therapies in the management of type 2 diabetes. The oral selective dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitor is just the second in its class to be approved in the U.S. It has been designed to exert long-lasting yet reversible inhibition of the DPP-4 enzyme, ...
Rannou Fran?ois - - 2010
For the most part, non-pharmacological approaches are recommended for osteoarthritis treatment. This recommendation is based mainly on biomechanical observations leading to a modulation of the symptomatic loading joint. Approaches include orthoses, insoles, exercise, diet and patient education. The approach used for each osteoarthritis site must be adapted for the individual ...
Langdon Claire - - 2010
Dysphagia is extremely common following stroke, affecting 13%-94% of acute stroke sufferers. It is associated with respiratory complications, increased risk of aspiration pneumonia, nutritional compromise and dehydration, and detracts from quality of life. While many stroke survivors experience a rapid return to normal swallowing function, this does not always happen. ...
Packer N - - 2010
Regular exercise is thought to provide protection against age-related cognitive decline and possibly reduce risk of dementias. The mechanisms for the exercise protective effects are not known although changes in inflammatory cytokine levels may be involved. We conducted a systematic review of the literature to assess (1) the effects of ...
Tomkins Christy C - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Given the dearth of high quality research on conservative treatment for spinal stenosis, an empirical understanding of the scope of physical therapy provided in the community can help focus research and build standards of care. OBJECTIVES: Provide preliminary insight into current physical therapy practice in the treatment of lumbar ...
Wolf Markus - - 2010
The authors applied the meaning extraction method (MEM) to 4,241 e-mails written by 297 participants of an email-based aftercare program following inpatient psychotherapy. Principal-components analysis of the most frequently used nouns in the e-mails yielded nine components: life decisions and coping, relationship conflict, psychological and physical symptoms, family of origin, ...
Häuser Winfried - - 2010
The efficacy and the optimal type and volume of aerobic exercise (AE) in fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) are not established. We therefore assessed the efficacy of different types and volumes of AE in FMS. The Cochrane Library, EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsychInfo and SPORTDISCUS (through April 2009) and the reference sections of original ...
Pascual Julio - - 2010
Activity-related headaches can be brought on by Valsalva maneuvers ("cough headache"), prolonged exercise ("exertional headache"), and sexual excitation ("orgasmic headache"). These headaches account for 1-2% of the consultations due to headache in a general neurological department. These entities are a challenging diagnostic problem as they can be primary or secondary ...
de Godoy José Maria Pereira - - 2010
The aim of this paper is to report new options in the treatment of lymphedema for under-privileged populations. Several articles and books have been published reporting recent advances and contributions. A new technique of manual lymph drainage, mechanisms of compression, development of active and passive exercising apparatuses and the adaptation ...
Silva Kelson Ng - - 2010
Patients with rheumatoid arthritis may have an increased risk of falls due to impairments in lower-extremity joints, which may result in either mobility, or postural stability problems. There is evidence in the literature suggesting that balance, agility and coordination training techniques can induce changes in lower-extremity muscle activity patterns that ...
McNeely Margaret L - - 2010
Upper-limb dysfunction is a commonly reported side effect of treatment for breast cancer and may include decreased shoulder range of motion (the range through which a joint can be moved) (ROM) and strength, pain and lymphedema. To review randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the effectiveness of exercise interventions in preventing, ...
Brown Julie - - 2010
Dysmenorrhoea is characterised by cramping lower abdominal pain that may radiate to the lower back and upper thighs and is commonly associated with nausea, headache, fatigue and diarrhoea. Physical exercise has been suggested as a non-medical approach to the management of these symptoms. To assess the evidence for the effectiveness ...
van Rijn Rogier M - - 2010
To summarise the effectiveness of adding supervised exercises to conventional treatment compared with conventional treatment alone in patients with acute lateral ankle sprains. Systematic review. Data sources Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cinahl, and reference screening. Included studies were randomised controlled trials, quasi-randomised controlled trials, or clinical ...
Cooke Emma V - - 2010
Exercise-based therapy is known to enhance motor recovery after stroke but the most appropriate amount, i.e. the dose, of therapy is unknown. To determine the strength of current evidence for provision of a higher dose of the same types of exercise-based therapy to enhance motor recovery after stroke. An electronic ...
Petzinger Giselle M GM The George and MaryLou Boone Center for Parkinson's Disease Research, Department of Neurology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90033, USA. - - 2010
Epidemiological and clinical trials have suggested that exercise is beneficial for patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the underlying mechanisms and potential for disease modification are currently unknown. This review presents current findings from our laboratories in patients with PD and animal models. The data indicate that alterations in both ...
Boyer F-C - - 2010
Post-polio syndrome (PPS) refers to a clinical disorder affecting polio survivors with sequelae years after the initial polio attack. These patients report new musculoskeletal symptoms, loss of muscular strength or endurance. PPS patients are tired, in pain and experience new and unusual muscular deficits, on healthy muscles as well as ...
Sylvia Louisa G - - 2010
Outcomes are frequently suboptimal for patients with bipolar disorder who are treated with pharmacotherapy alone. Adjunct exercise has the potential to substantially improve acute and long-term outcomes, although how exercise would improve the course of bipolar disorder needs to be elucidated. We propose that exercise may improve mood and functioning ...
Perraton Luke G - - 2010
Previous systematic reviews have concluded that exercise programmes are effective in the management of clinical depression. The aim of this review was to analyse the parameters of exercise programmes reported in the primary research, in order to provide clinicians with evidence-based recommendations for exercise prescription for clinical depression. A systematic ...
Devoogdt Nele - - 2010
The purpose of this article is to provide a systematic review of Combined Physical Therapy, Intermittent Pneumatic Compression and arm elevation for the treatment of lymphoedema secondary to an axillary dissection for breast cancer. Combined Physical Therapy starts with an intensive phase consisting of skin care, Manual Lymphatic Drainage, exercises ...
Cairns Andrew P - - 2009
Exercise is commonly used in the management of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA); however, there is little consensus in the literature to support its use. This systemic review aimed to determine the effects of dynamic exercise on patients with RA. A systematic search of Medline (1949–2007), Cinahl (1982–2007), Embase (1974–2007) ...
Greer Tracy L - - 2009
A large body of research supports the use of exercise as a treatment for depression across a wide range of ages and with special populations, such as pregnant women and women who suffer from postpartum depression. However, methodologic limitations have historically limited our ability to interpret and understand previous research ...
Kim Kyunghun - - 2009
Exercise-mediated physical treatment has attracted much recent interest. In particular, swimming is a representative exercise treatment method recommended for patients experiencing muscular and cardiovascular diseases. The present study sought to design a swimming-based exercise treatment management system. A survey questionnaire was completed by participants to assess the prevalence of muscular ...
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