Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 850
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Berghmans L C - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of physical therapies for first-line use in the treatment and prevention of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in women, using a systematic review of randomized clinical trials (RCTs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A computer-aided and manual search for published RCTs investigating treatment and prevention of SUI using ...
Erös N - - 1998
A sixty-year-old man, developed 2-5 mm sized, hyperemic, itchy papules, vesicles, erosions and crusts on hyperemic base on his chest, abdomen, back, gluteal region, and proximal sites of his upper and lower extremities. The direct and indirect immunoflurescence tests were negative. Histology revealed extensive acantholysis in the epidermis in the ...
Wagner G - - 1998
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether exercise mediates the psychological and nutritional effects of testosterone therapy in men with symptomatic HIV illness, low serum testosterone, and clinical symptoms of hypogonadism. METHODS: A 12-wk open trial of biweekly intramuscular testosterone injections was conducted, with 54 men completing ...
Schunk K - - 1998
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the authors' prospective study was to explore therapy-induced changes of muscular metabolism in arterial occlusive disease (AOD). MATERIALS: Before and after vascular therapy, respectively, 31 patients with AOD were examined by dynamic phosphorus-31 (31P) magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) at 1.5 T; in the magnet, ...
Moorcroft A J - - 1998
Exercise has much to offer to cystic fibrosis patients. Overcoming the limits of decreased pulmonary function by increasing fitness has a considerable potential to improve patients' quality of life; decreased breathlessness allows greater mobility and participation with peers in social and sporting activities, improves confidence and self-esteem and creates a ...
Golomb L M - - 1998
It has been widely claimed that exercise is beneficial to dysmenorrhea, yet solid evidence is lacking. Studies investigating this relationship have been reviewed for this paper. Most showed decreased prevalence and/or improved symptomatology with exercise. However, controlled longitudinal studies involving women with confirmed primary dysmenorrhea who are sufficiently blinded to ...
Van den Ende C H - - 1998
The aim of this systematic review was to determine the effectiveness of dynamic exercise therapy in improving joint mobility, muscle strength, aerobic capacity and daily functioning in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In addition, possible unwanted effects such as an increase in pain, disease activity and radiological progression were studied. ...
Goetz C G CG Rush University/Rush-Presbyterian St. Luke's Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60612, - - 1998
Catechol O-methyltransferase (COMT) is an important enzyme that is linked directly to therapy with levodopa. Considering the demonstrated mechanism of action and pharmacologic profiles of COMT inhibitors, it is reasonable to hypothesize that these agents would improve the disability associated with Parkinson's disease. Two basic classes of COMT inhibitors are ...
Felson D T - - 1998
Given the modest efficacy of medicinal therapy for OA, nonpharmacologic therapy is popular. Convincing evidence exists to support the efficacy of exercise and muscle strengthening for patients with knee OA. Weight loss is likely to be effective, as are some types of biomechanical alterations, possibly including elastic knee supports and ...
Andersson K - - 1998
It is generally accepted that psychogenic voice disorder (PVD) is a result of psychosocial stress; however, systematic studies of etiological factors in this condition are few. Furthermore, although immediate effects of therapy are estimated to be good, relapses are frequent, and the long-term effects of therapy are not known. The ...
Rudloff E - - 1998
Appropriate fluid therapy requires an understanding of fluid dynamics and pathologic alterations during various disease states. In addition, it requires an understanding of the pharmacologic differences of available fluids. Crystalloid fluids and colloid fluids can be used in combination to treat a variety of volume-deficient states. Synthetic colloids are also ...
Shen Z X - - 1998
Samples of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were examined, looking mainly at total cholinesterase (ChE) and acetyl-cholinesterase (AChE) levels from 139 living subjects. At the completion of the study, 35 of the 139 patients had died and pathological confirmation of the presence of dementia had been obtained. These results, together with results ...
Hammond A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To investigate seven common arthritis self-management methods used by people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) by studying their frequency of use and the patients' belief in their benefits. Also to look at how people obtained information about such methods. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Forty-one people with RA attending ...
Hassab M A - - 1998
The use of Doppler flowmetry proved the importance of hypervolemia in bleeding and showed that GEDS enhances liver perfusion confirming our findings in the Sixties. Perhiatal devascularization of lower 3-4 inches of the esophagus, complete separation of the stomach from its bed, ligation of the left gastric artery at the ...
Moore K A - - 1998
This article reviews the current literature related to exercise treatment and depression among older adults. Results from investigational studies support the antidepressive effects of exercise programs. Aerobic exercise is more effective than placebo or no treatment controls, and appears to be as effective as more traditional treatment methods. However, a ...
Berstad A - - 1998
Functional gastrointestinal disorders are best understood by applying a bio-psycho-social model. The diseases are strongly associated with psychological factors, and in functional dyspepsia, low vagal activity might be a mediating mechanism by which psychological factors (like neuroticism and stress) influence gastrointestinal physiology and cause epigastric discomfort. Low vagal activity may ...
Bálint G - - 1997
Non-pharmacological therapies are very important in osteoarthritis. Each form of this treatment should be individually devised, taking into account the anatomical distribution, the phase and the progression rate of the disease. Indications, contraindications, dosage and precautions are as important in non-pharmacological therapy as they are in drug treatment. Therapeutic exercises ...
Buzzard B M - - 1997
Hemophilia is a hereditary lifelong bleeding disorder affecting males. The nature of the condition predisposes the person to bleed intraarticularly and intermuscularly. Without intervention with replacement factor therapy and physiotherapy, the consequences can lead to chronic synovitis and severe joint hemarthropathy. Physiotherapeutic interventions are available that may help to prevent ...
Ford-Smith C D - - 1997
The purpose of this case report is to describe the evaluation and treatment of a patient with vertigo. The patient was a 32-year-old male carpenter with a 17-year history of episodic vertigo that occurred when his neck was in the extended position while positioned supine and during walking. His medical ...
Ah-See K W - - 1997
There is a growth in the demand for clinical practice to be evidence based. Recent years have seen a rise in the number of randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTS). Such trials while acknowledged as the gold standard for evidence can be difficult to perform in surgical specialities. We have recently ...
Dinubile N A - - 1997
The idea of exercising with swollen, painful joints and weakened muscles may seem counterintuitive. But increasingly research shows that the vicious cycle of immobility and dependence initiated by osteoarthritis can be interrupted by making exercise part of therapy. A well-designed program of aerobic and resistance training and whole-body flexibility and ...
Dinubile N A - - 1997
Proper treatment for osteoarthritis will help control pain and other symptoms, and let you live a more vigorous, satisfying life. Exercise is a vital part of osteoarthritis treatment: It's a scientifically proven way for you to help yourself. The right kind of exercise will benefit the joints that have been ...
Fulcher K Y - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To test the efficacy of a graded aerobic exercise programme in the chronic fatigue syndrome. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial with control treatment crossover after the first follow up examination. SETTING: Chronic fatigue clinic in a general hospital department of psychiatry. SUBJECTS: 66 patients with the chronic fatigue syndrome who ...
Lampman R M - - 1997
Although patients with chronic illnesses typically refrain from exercise, many of them could benefit significantly from mild, long-term exercise therapy. While factors such as pain or weakness often discourage the chronically ill person from being physically active, lack of motivation and lack of knowledge are the primary obstacles. An effective ...
Burge M R - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of estrogen antagonist therapy on the function of the hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular axis in a young male runner with significant morbidity attributable to idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. DESIGN: An uncontrolled case study. SETTING: The outpatient endocrinology clinic of a university tertiary referral center. PATIENT(S): A 29-year-old male who ...
Rösche J - - 1997
F-wave amplitudes have been used to demonstrate changes of motor neuron excitability in patients receiving pharmacological antispastic therapy as well as in those having physiotherapy. In this study it is shown that F-wave amplitudes can also be used to document changes of motor neuron excitability as an effect of the ...
Rokicki L A - - 1997
Therapeutic mechanisms hypothesized to underlie improvements in tension headache activity achieved with combined relaxation and electromyographic (EMG) biofeedback therapy were examined. These therapeutic mechanisms included (1) changes in EMG activity in frontal and trapezii muscles, (2) changes in central pain modulation as indexed by the duration of the second exteroceptive ...
Martinez S - - 1997
We conducted a randomized, controlled study in southern Colombia to determine if the addition of allopurinol to stibogluconate was superior to stibogluconate alone in the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis. Lesions that healed after a 3-month course of therapy and remained so during a 1-year period of follow-up were considered cured. ...
Keller D S - - 1997
Substance abuse treatments are increasingly employing standardized formats. This is especially the case for approaches that utilize an individual psychotherapy format but less so for family-based approaches. Network therapy, an approach that involves family members and peers in the patient's relapse prevention efforts, is theoretically and clinically differentiated in this ...
Beynon G J - - 1997
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a common condition that often resolves spontaneously, but can cause significant distress to a patient. Management of this condition includes no intervention, medication, surgery, physical exercises and more recently 'particle repositioning' manoeuvres. Repositioning manoeuvres aim to relocate free-floating particles from the posterior semicircular canal ...
Kappers E J - - 1997
Although a number of experimental investigations into the effects of hemisphere stimulation on the reading performance of individuals with dyslexia are currently available, only a few studies have addressed the effects of treatment in the setting of an outpatient clinic. The present study reports on the reading results after a ...
Murata M - - 1997
We reevaluate here the effects of chronic administration of levodopa on its peripheral pharmacokinetics and the contribution of the pharmacokinetics to the pathogenesis of the wearing-off phenomenon. The peak levodopa concentration (Cmax) and the area under the time-concentration curve (AUC) were markedly increased after long-term levodopa therapy, whereas the time ...
Chen R S - - 1997
We report a short-term double-blind, crossover study of CoQ10 in 8 patients with mitochondrial encephalomyopathies. Four patients had myoclonus epilepsy with ragged-red fibers syndrome, 3 had mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes syndrome, and 1 had chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia with myopathy. A trend of effectiveness of CoQ10 ...
Adams Jeremy - - 1997
Twenty-four postgraduate-trained sports physiotherapists were interviewed to investigate their experiences with exercise dependent patients. The respondents identified exercise dependent patients as likely to continue physical activity when injured. They were described in terms such as anxious, obsessive, overachieving and addicted to feelings. The majority of physiotherapists (71 per cent) reported ...
Leach J - - 1997
For the cerebral palsy patient undergoing botulinum toxin (BTX) therapy, the physical therapist is involved in each step of treatment, from patient selection to outcome assessment. Prior to treatment, the therapist collects detailed baseline information, including assessment of motor ability, functional activities, current therapies and assistive devices, and the concerns ...
Fehr B - - 1997
Brief dynamic psychotherapy, carried out by an resident in training, can bring significant improvement to a patient who does not necessarily meet ideal selection criteria. S. had experienced early childhood deprivation resulting in adult psychosomatic manifestations of feeling hypoglycemic under pressure of responsibility or during fear of abandonment. He soothed ...
Woodward S H - - 1997
The objective of this study was to assess, via heart rate, the arousal levels of participants in group trauma reexposure therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder, and so to better understand this common mode of treatment, particularly in regards to its presumed curative factor, extinction. Six Vietnam combat-related PTSD inpatients participated ...
Albany K - - 1997
Physical and occupational therapists play important roles in the evaluation and management of patients receiving botulinum toxin injections for spasticity. Baseline evaluation includes areas beyond the muscles being injected, since local spasticity reduction may lead to more widespread functional changes. Because the evaluation itself influences tone, a consistent order of ...
Darendeliler F - - 1996
Although regarded as a benign condition, simple hypertrichosis may be very disturbing to a child cosmetically. An abnormality in androgen metabolism has been implied in the etiology of simple hypertrichosis recently. This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of spironolactone therapy for its antiandrogenic property in 12 prepubertal girls ...
Balzan M V - - 1996
Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning is a common medical emergency and a frequent cause of deliberate or accidental death. It can cause acute and chronic central nervous system damage which may be minimised by prompt treatment with 100% oxygen or hyperbaric oxygen therapy. However, recognition of this intoxication can be difficult. ...
Von Roenn J H - - 1996
Early intervention and attention to nutritional status are essential in patients with cachexia. Identification of reversible causes of decreased energy intake and/or weight loss is the first step in treatment. When such factors cannot be identified, pharmacologic interventions should be considered. To date, megestrol acetate is the most effective appetite ...
Snabes M C - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to test whether estrogen replacement therapy could increase exercise tolerance in postmenopausal women. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study in 31 healthy postmenopausal women who received 12 weeks of physiologic estrogen replacement therapy (micronized estradiol, 2 mg/day) and were evaluated with modified Balke exercise ...
Ross D G - - 1996
Chronic compartment syndrome (CCS) is a possible explanation of leg pain in the exercising patient. This review article provides background information on CCS, focusing on its most frequent site of occurrence, i.e., the lower leg. Clinical history, diagnosis, compartmental tissue pressure measurement, conservative therapy, surgical intervention, postoperative nursing care and ...
Lichtman R - - 1996
As midwives increasingly provide care to women throughout the lifecycle, they need to become familiar with a variety of treatments for perimenopausal and postmenopausal problems and preventive measures for the potentially disabling conditions that can accompany aging. This article reviews various regimens of hormone replacement therapy. It discusses types of ...
Goldenberg J N - - 1996
The mutation in X-linked bulbospinal muscular atrophy (XBSMA) is an increased CAG triplet repeat coding for a polyglutamine domain in the gene for the androgen receptor. This might impair the effect of testosterone on motor neurons, leading to their progressive degeneration. We report a trial of high-dose oral testosterone therapy ...
Crerar M A - - 1996
Byng (1988) has argued that some aphasic patients who show problems in sentence comprehension are unable to "map" a syntactic analysis of the sentence form onto the thematic roles specified by the verb or preposition in the sentence. In Byng's study, therapy aimed at improving the mapping process as applied ...
Diaz-Buxo J A - - 1996
The need for a peritoneal dialysis modality capable of providing higher clearances of small solutes at a competitive cost with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) has been identified. A new modality of therapy (PD Plus; Fresenius USA, Walnut Creek, CA), which is based on the principles of optimal dwell time ...
Behari M - - 1996
Botulinum toxin (BTX) is the treatment of choice for blepharospasm. To investigate if the locally injected BTX influences the central nervous system and in particular the brain stem, amplitude and latency of compound muscle action potential (CMAP) of orbicularis oculi, blink reflex and brain stem auditory evoked potential were studied ...
Witt D M - - 1996
Recombinant human DNase I, or dornase alfa, is the first new therapy developed specifically for cystic fibrosis in almost 30 years. It selectively digests extracellular DNA and reduces the viscosity of purulent sputum. In clinical trials dornase alfa modestly improved pulmonary function, slightly decreasing the number of respiratory exacerbations requiring ...
Torrisi G - - 1996
The antihypertensive treatments have resulted in favorable effects in terms of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in the elderly, but the therapeutic approaches raise problems linked to the pathophysiological aspects of hypertensives and to the reduced homoeostatic capacity of the senile organism. The antihypertensive treatment in elderly must be aimed at ...
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