Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 854
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Chard J - - 2001
This paper reviews the most commonly used nonpharmaceutical treatments for osteoarthritis, summarizing the available evidence. Four general areas are reviewed: aids and appliances, exercise and physiotherapy, education and behavioral change, and alternative and complementary therapies. The results of this review indicate that the use of nonpharmaceutical interventions in osteoarthritis is ...
Lawlor D A - - 2001
To determine the effectiveness of exercise as an intervention in the management of depression. Systematic review and meta-regression analysis of randomised controlled trials obtained from five electronic databases (Medline, Embase, Sports Discus, PsycLIT, Cochrane Library) and through contact with experts in the field, bibliographic searches, and hand searches of recent ...
Edward Shifflett D - - 2001
Objective: To measure the effects of 4 weeks of nasal positive airway pressure therapy (PAP) on exercise performance in obstructive sleep apnea patients (OSA).Background: Little published research is available which describes the effects of OSA on exercise tolerance or upon the potential of exercise testing to evaluate the outcomes of ...
Roodman A A - - 2001
The present meta-analytic review examined revictimization rates and sources of variance among rates provided by 19 empirical studies of adult females. In this review, revictimization refers to the occurrence of at least one incident of childhood sexual abuse followed by a subsequent incident of adult sexual victimization. Studies were included ...
Mishra L - - 2001
Because the disharmony of mental doshas (satogun, rajogun, and tamogun) and body doshas (vata, pitta, and kapha) are the major cause of illness, the goal of illness management in Ayurveda is to bring back harmony among the doshas. The management includes clinical examination, diagnosis, and dietary and lifestyle interventions and ...
Biundo J J JJ - - 2001
Three topics are reviewed: iliopsoas bursitis (IPB), iliotibial band frictional syndrome (ITBFS), and Achilles tendinopathy. Although not frequently diagnosed, IPB may be more prevalent than what is commonly thought. Several excellent review articles are presented. Imaging studies are usually needed for confirmation of the diagnosis, and a report on magnetic ...
van der Lee J H - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Assessment of the available evidence for the effectiveness of exercise therapy to improve arm function in patients who have suffered from a stroke. METHODS: A systematic search of bibliographical databases and reference checking were performed to identify publications on randomized controlled trials (RCTs) which evaluated the effect of exercise ...
Robertson Sandra - - 2001
Although there are many accounts of appropriate oro-facial and articulation exercises and treatment hierarchies for clients with dysarthria following stroke, there is little evidence relating to the efficacy of such therapy and little or no information indicating either the extent or the frequency with which these exercises should be practised ...
Robertson S - - 2001
Although there are many accounts of appropriate oro-facial and articulation exercises and treatment hierarchies for clients with dysarthria following stroke, there is little evidence relating to the efficacy of such therapy and little or no information indicating either the extent or the frequency with which these exercises should be practiced ...
Johnson G - - 2001
This study compared live, instrumental music, vocal music, and no music on the repetition frequencies for 14 prescribed physical therapy rehabilitation exercises. Male (N = 4) and female (N = 15) residents of care centers for older adults served as subjects. They ranged in age from 65 to 90 years ...
Sheikh A - - 2001
Symptoms of bronchiectasis include chronic productive cough, wheeze, breathlessness and recurrent infections of the lower respiratory tract. Long-acting bronchodilators are being used more frequently in the management of people with this condition. To determine the effectiveness of long-acting bronchodilators in the management of bronchiectasis that is not due to cystic ...
Foy C G CG Department of Health and Exercise Science, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC, - - 2001
To determine whether long-term treatment with exercise therapy results in more favorable, disease-specific, health-related quality of life (HRQL) compared with short-term treatment with exercise therapy; and to determine whether there are gender differences in disease-specific HRQL among individuals randomized into the two treatment groups. Randomized clinical trial. Center-based exercise therapy ...
Burgar C G - - 2000
For over 25 years, personal assistant robots for severely disabled individuals have been in development. More recently, using robots to deliver rehabilitation therapy has been proposed. This paper summarizes the development and clinical testing of three mechatronic systems for post-stroke therapy conducted at the VA Palo Alto in collaboration with ...
Bissonnette R - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a new modality involving the administration of a photosensitizer, or photosensitizer precursor, followed by its activation with light to generate a therapeutic effect. 5-Aminolaevulinic acid (ALA) is a photosensitizer precursor that is transformed by cells into protoporphyrin IX (PpIX), which can in turn be activated ...
Petrella R J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To review and determine the effectiveness of exercise treatment in osteoarthritis of the knee. METHODS: A computerised literature search of Medline was carried out searching between June 1966 and January 2000. RESULTS: Twenty three randomised controlled trials were identified from the literature. Only three trials were sufficiently powered. Small ...
Celayir A C - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Although the success of conservative management of congenital muscular torticollis has been well documented, relatively little is known about the determinants of this outcome, such as treatment duration and exercise frequency. The aim of the present study was to define factors related to treatment duration, to compare different frequencies ...
Babyak M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the status of 156 adult volunteers with major depressive disorder (MDD) 6 months after completion of a study in which they were randomly assigned to a 4-month course of aerobic exercise, sertraline therapy, or a combination of exercise and sertraline. METHODS: ...
Driver Helen S. - - 2000
This paper reviews the literature on the association between exercise and sleep. The epidemiological and experimental evidence for whether or not acute and chronic exercise promote sleep is discussed, as well as moderating factors and agendas for future directions of study. The expectation that exercise will benefit sleep can partly ...
Badger C M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Multilayered, low stretch bandages (MLB) combined with exercises, skin care, and manual lymphatic drainage therapy are recommended as an intensive phase of treatment for lymphedema patients. The relative efficacy of each of the components of this comprehensive treatment program have not been determined. This study aimed to compare the ...
Bang M D - - 2000
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective randomized clinical trial. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of 2 physical therapy treatment approaches for impingement syndrome of the shoulder. BACKGROUND: Manual physical therapy combined with exercise is a commonly applied but currently unproven clinical treatment for impingement syndrome of the shoulder. METHODS AND MEASURES: Thirty ...
Warner J P - - 2000
Critical appraisal techniques are not only useful in evaluating evidence of therapeutic trials. In this final article of the series of evidence-based psychopharmacology, the evidence about the teratogenic effects of lithium carbonate is considered. This exercise highlights the importance of assessing the evidence oneself and not relying on the interpretation ...
Ussher M H - - 2000
AIMS: To assess the effectiveness of exercise-based interventions in smoking cessation. DESIGN: A systematic review was conducted of articles published between 1980 and 1999. The review focused on randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in which the specific effects of exercise on smoking abstinence were examined. The primary dependent variable was smoking ...
Berghmans L C - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of physical therapies for first-line use in the treatment of urge urinary incontinence (UUI) in women, using a systematic review of randomized clinical trials (RCTs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A computer-aided and manual search was carried out for RCTs published between 1980 and 1999 investigating the ...
Ernst E - - 2000
AIM: Tea tree oil (TTO) is immensely popular for various topical applications. In vitro studies have repeatedly demonstrated that it has antibiotic activity. This article is an attempt to systematically review the evidence from randomised clinical trials for or against effectiveness of external TTO in dermatological conditions. METHODS: Six electronic ...
Johnson K - - 2000
Since medicine remains largely empirical, clinical knowledge about therapy is derived primarily from experiments designed to control confounders that use inferential techniques applied to the null hypothesis model. On a public health scale, health agencies need to assess the evidentiary weight supplied for new therapies to make approval decisions. In ...
Grawemeyer B - - 2000
AUDIX is a knowledge-based multimedia system for auditory discrimination exercises. The aim of AUDIX is to provide patients with a computer-based therapy system which they can use between sessions with the human therapist, at home on an 'on-demand' basis. It is centered around computer based cognitive rehabilitation therapy whereas most ...
Van Den Ende C H - - 2000
To assess the effects of dynamic exercise therapy in improving joint mobility, muscle strength, aerobic capacity and daily functioning in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In addition, possible unwanted effects such as an increase in pain, disease activity and radiological progression were studied. We searched the Cochrane Musculoskeletal trials register, ...
Holloway E - - 2000
There is much anecdotal evidence in Eastern and Western literature describing considerable benefits for patients with asthma when treated with breathing interventions. The term 'breathing exercise or training' has numerous interpretations depending on the nature of the therapy, therapist and cultural background. The objective of this review was to assess ...
Ussher M H - - 2000
Taking exercise may help people give up smoking by moderating the effects of nicotine withdrawal. To determine whether exercise-based interventions combined with a smoking cessation programme are more effective than a smoking cessation intervention alone. We searched The Cochrane Tobacco Addiction group specialised register for studies including the terms 'exercise' ...
Foreman J H - - 1999
Differentiation of diseases of the equine respiratory tract is based on history, clinical signs, auscultation, endoscopy, imaging, and sampling of airway exudate. Upper respiratory therapies include surgical correction of airway obstructions; flushing of localized abscesses (strangles), guttural pouch disease, or sinusitis; and oral or parenteral antibiotic and anti-inflammatory therapy if ...
Speckenbach U - - 1999
Biofeedback methods are well established as behavioral techniques for the therapy of various psychophysiological diseases. The forms of feedback generally employed are muscle activity (electromyogram), skin temperature, brain activity (electroencephalogram), and vasomotoricity. The latter technique, which employs plethysmographic feedback, has been studied most extensively in the therapy of migraine (vasoconstriction ...
Poole P J - - 1999
Breathlessness in the elderly is a common clinical problem but should not be considered an inevitable consequence of the aging process. Because of the diverse causes and the possibility of more than one underlying mechanism, the approach to the breathless patient needs to be comprehensive with investigations guided by specific ...
Tanzer D J - - 1999
PURPOSE: To report the extended clinical course of a case of superficial punctate keratitis of Thygeson. METHODS: A 59-year-old woman with a 40-year history of superficial punctate keratitis of Thygeson is presented, providing a forum to discuss the chronicity of the disease, its treatment, and the potential complications. RESULTS: Our ...
Lavallee P J - - 1999
BACKGROUND: A recent Department of Defense study revealed that nonpharmacologic therapy is not well documented in medical records of individuals identified at risk for coronary heart disease (CHD). Exercise and weight control are often underemphasized relative to dietary and medication interventions, even in medical journal review articles on management of ...
Sadigh M R - - 1999
Recurrent and frightening dreams are commonly experienced by patients who suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder after a motor vehicle accident. Such nocturnal episodes, if left untreated, can result in the experience of severe distress with physical, emotional, and psychophysiological concomitant. The present single-case study investigated the effects of the standard ...
Akimoto T - - 1999
The effect of plasmapheresis (PP) monotherapy was evaluated in a 77 year old man with crescentic glomerulonephritis (CrGN). Because both anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic myeloperoxidase autoantibody (MPO-ANCA) and circulating immune complex (IC) were positive, removal of these substances was expected to be beneficial. Thus, the treatment was started with PP alone. During ...
van Baar M E - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To review the effectiveness of exercise therapy in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip or knee. METHODS: A computerized literature search of Medline, Embase, and Cinahl was carried out. Randomized clinical trials on exercise therapy for OA of the hip or knee were selected if treatment had been ...
Logemann J A - - 1999
Behavioral management of oropharyngeal swallowing disorders includes the introduction of compensatory strategies and direct therapy techniques. Compensatory strategies include postural changes, sensory enhancements, changing feeding strategies, diet changes and intraoral prosthetics. Therapy procedures include exercise programs and swallowing maneuvers. This article describes the various behavioral therapy procedures and presents their ...
Iversen M D - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the features and role of exercise discussions between rheumatologists and patients. The goals of this study were to: 1) describe rheumatologists' and patients' attitudes and beliefs regarding exercise and physical therapy for rheumatoid arthritis (RA); 2) describe frequency and length of exercise discussions; 3) determine ...
Minor M A - - 1999
Exercise, both therapeutic and recreational, is an effective therapy in successful management of osteoarthritis. Exercise is integral in reducing impairment, improving function, and preventing disability. Benefits of flexibility, muscular conditioning, and cardiovascular exercise and the role of regular physical activity in maintaining general health are discussed. Exercise recommendations and safety ...
Greene K B - - 1999
This literature review examines the current state of the scientific evidence published in peer-reviewed journals indexed in MedLine for the 10 most commonly noted alternative activities reported by the first 1,016 eligible participants in the Alternative Medical Care Outcomes in AIDS study. The most frequently used activities are aerobic exercise ...
Death C - - 1999
Exercise tolerance is a recognised consequence of chronic renal failure. Physical de-conditioning is an integral factor in preventing the achievement of an otherwise very acceptable quality of life which can be accomplished by good dialysis therapy. This paper reports on the implementation of an exercise programme in an ESRD setting ...
Pagliaro P - - 1999
The aim of this study was the quantitative evaluation of the myotatic reflex in a group of 26 patients affected by stationary spastic paresis (6: hemiparesis; 5: paraparesis; 8: tetraparesis; 7: multiple sclerosis) before and after a treatment of hydro-kinesy therapy. The treatment was carried out in an indoor pool ...
O'Connor Annette M. - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incremental effect of a graphic weigh-scale values clarification exercise to explicitly consider the personal importance of the benefits versus the risks in a woman's decision aid regarding postmenopausal hormone therapy. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. Intervention Decision aid including information on options, benefits and risks, and their ...
Staines G L - - 1999
Psychosocial treatment research studies encounter obstacles to random assignment (RA). Used together, two procedures offer an alternative to the standard RA design. First, sequential assignment (SA) may create less opposition from administration, staff, and clients. SA operates on the principle that limited bed availability, a common treatment consideration in the ...
Magnusson T - - 1999
From a total of 1344 consecutive patients referred to a TMD clinic, twenty-six patients fulfilled the strict inclusion criterias of TMD of mainly muscular origin. Half of the patients were assigned to receive treatment with an interocclusal appliance, the treatment being performed by a dentist. The other half was instructed ...
Gokal R - - 1999
Over the past 25 years, peritoneal dialysis (PD) has steadily improved so that now its outcomes, in the form of patient survival, are equivalent to, and at times better than, those for hemodialysis. We now have a better understanding of the pathophysiology of peritoneal membrane function and damage and the ...
Okada N - - 1999
The clinical efficacy of functional electrical stimulation (FES) for female detrusor instability (DI) is reviewed. Various types of FES methods (including anogenital long-term stimulation, short-term maximal stimulation, implantable stimulation and transcutaneous stimulation) have been reported. The therapeutic effects of these approaches were similar: the percentage of patients improved has been ...
Pecking A P - - 1999
Whatever the results are, we must keep in mind that the method used must be safe, simple, reproductive, quite physiological. The RNL with distal registration during 40 min give more precise and reliable informations particularly in transient or permanent lymphatic dysfunctions. This should be the protocol used for the assessment ...
Casley-Smith J R - - 1998
BACKGROUND: This paper gives an outline of the Casley-Smith method for the treatment of lymphedema of the arm. It includes a brief summary of the development of manual techniques and the terminology applied to them. METHODS: The four principles of this method are skin care, manual lymphatic drainage, compression in ...
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