Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 851
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Szabo C P - - 2002
Ritualised exercise commonly accompanies the clinical presentation of anorexia nervosa (AN) sufferers, but there is a paucity of research on structured exercise as a therapeutic intervention. This study examined the usefulness of resistance training as part of a treatment programme for hospitalized anorexics. The study sample consisted of 21 subjects: ...
Mahoney Douglas J - - 2002
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review will critically summarize the nutritional and exercise-based interventions that have been used to treat mitochondrial disease, with a focus on the biochemical or molecular rationale for their use as well as recent advances in the field. RECENT FINDINGS: Many nutritional-based treatment strategies have been used ...
Fowler William M WM - - 2002
The objective of the State of the Science Roundtable conference was to provide a responsible assessment of the state of the science regarding exercise training and fatigue in humans and animals with neuromuscular diseases. The conference comprised a nonfederal, nonadvocate, 20-member panel that brought together exercise scientists, neuromuscular disease investigators, ...
van der Linden S - - 2002
Evidence on the value of some current physiotherapeutic practices and the ineffectiveness of others is accumulating. This paper addresses the best evidence available on the efficacy and effectiveness of physiotherapeutic modalities in ankylosing spondylitis. General issues in the assessment of physiotherapy in this disease are briefly discussed. Core sets for ...
Ripoll Emmey - - 2002
Hatha Yoga (often referred to as "yoga") is an ancient type of physical and mental exercise that has been used as a therapeutic modality in traditional Indian medicine for centuries. Yoga as a complementary modality in western medicine is more recent and continues to grow. Chronic urologic disorders are often ...
Pierce Samuel R - - 2002
A 12-year-old boy with hemiplegic cerebral palsy (CP) presented with decreased function in his left upper extremity. He was treated with a 3-week protocol of constraint-induced therapy (CIT) consisting of six 2-hour sessions of physical and occupational therapy, plus home practice. Improvements in upper-extremity function were found in the mean ...
Little John D - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The practice of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) varies considerably across sites with a lack of certainty as to what constitutes seizure adequacy. The aim of this study was to trial a method to explore decision making and to describe any differences between Australian and US practitioners. METHOD: Two hundred and ...
Ficarra Vincenzo - - 2002
Antegrade scrotal sclerotherapy is a simple and easy technique for the treatment of varicocele. The success rate varies between 87% and 95%. The initial reflux grade and the number of collateral vessels of the spermatic vein are the most important factors to predict the outcome of the technique. The postoperative ...
Buttress Susan - - 2002
A short cut review was carried out to establish whether electrical stimulation had any advantages over facial exercises in promoting recovery after Bell's palsy. Altogether 270 papers were found using the reported search, of which one presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date, and country ...
van Tubergen Astrid - - 2002
Physical therapy plays an important role in the overall treatment of ankylosing spondylitis. Apart from exercising at home, patients are advised to follow weekly group physical therapy. In addition, many patients often follow annual courses of in-patient physiotherapy or spa therapy in which exercises also play a central role. This ...
Parmar J S - - 2002
The case history is presented of a patient with cystic fibrosis in whom the treatment of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis with itraconazole produced an initial response but was complicated by profound adrenal shutdown and impairment of inhaled steroid clearance resulting in paradoxical Cushing's syndrome. The authors conclude that, while it is ...
Shakoor M A - - 2002
A randomised clinical trial was conducted in the Department of Physical Medicine, Chittagong Medical College Hospital from July, 2001 to June, 2002. The objectives of the study were to find out the effects of cervical traction (CT) and exercise on the patients with chronic cervical spondylosis. A total of 199 ...
Schalow Giselher - - 2002
In two patients with severe central nervous system (CNS) lesions it could be demonstrated that spasticity reduction can be achieved by the coordination dynamic therapy method without administration of spasmolytic drugs. The reduction of spasticity in the short- and long-term memory was measured with the coordination dynamic recording method. When ...
Auricchio Angelo - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: We sought to compare the short- and long-term clinical effects of atrial synchronous pre-excitation of one (univentricular) or both ventricles (biventricular), that provide cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). BACKGROUND: In patients with heart failure (HF) who have a ventricular conduction delay, CRT improves systolic hemodynamic function. The clinical benefit of ...
Larzelere Michele M - - 2002
Evidence for alternative treatments for depression, anxiety, and insomnia are reviewed in this article. Treatment of depression with St. John's wort, L-tryptophan, 5-hydroxytryptophan, S-adenosylmethionine, dehydroepiandosterone, folate, exercise, acupuncture, and meditation are examined. Evidence for the efficacy of kava kava, exercise, relaxation therapies, and acupuncture in treatment anxiety is reviewed. The ...
Madaras-Kelly Karl J - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the cure rate was similar between traditional and newer antibiotics in the treatment of acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis (AECB), to determine whether antibiotic selection during the first AECB of the season influences the frequency of subsequent AECB, and to identify variables associated with poor short- ...
Bandyopadhyay Tapas - - 2002
BACKGROUND: There is poor adherence with tuberculosis preventive therapy among patients released from short-term correctional facilities, leading to recommendations against screening for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in this setting. OBJECTIVES: To assess adherence to isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) following release from short-term correctional facilities, and to estimate the cost-effectiveness of ...
Steinbrenner B - - 2002
Over the past few years, the incidence of bulimia has markedly increased, perhaps also as an expression of social changes. We here document the case of Ilse, a bulimic patient treated in the framework of a multidimensional concept based on integrative painting and behavioural therapy. The pictures made in the ...
Schillerstrom Jason E - - 2002
Executive Control Function (ECF) is the ability to plan, sequence, and monitor one's behavior in order to accomplish a given goal while simultaneously exercising cognitive flexibility to adapt to changing task requirements. Multiple studies demonstrate that ECF predicts functional outcome, level of care required, and work potential for both well ...
Shain Christopher S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To review the chemistry, spectrum of activity, pharmacology, clinical efficacy, and safety of telithromycin. DATA SOURCES: A MEDLINE search from 1966 to December 2000 was performed via OVID and PubMed using the following search terms: HMR 3647, HMR3647, Ketek, RU 66647, and telithromycin. An extensive review of retrieved literature, ...
Popovic Mirjana B - - 2002
Functional electrical therapy (FET) is a new term describing a combination of functional electrical stimulation that generates life-like movement and intensive exercise in humans with central nervous system lesions. We hypothesized that FET can promote a significant recovery of functioning if applied in subacute stroke subjects. The study included 16 ...
Claessens Angela A M C - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: During proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use, in clinical trials, headache is one of the most frequently reported adverse events (frequency 1.3 to 8.8%), while results of one observational study indicate that headache is the fifth most frequently reported adverse event (incidence densities 2.5 to 4.6 per 1000 patient-months of ...
Mamyama Toni - - 2002
A total of 69 patients with idiopathic SCO1-OS-S who were treated only by side shift exercise after their skeletal maturity were reviewed. The average age at the beginning of the side shift was 16.3 years and the average follow-up period was 4.2 years. Size of the curve was 31.5 degrees ...
Ackermann G - - 2002
For several years the flashlamp-pumped pulsed dye laser (FPDL) has been the favoured method for the treatment of port-wine stains (PWS). The therapeutic outcome of FPDL laser therapy depends on the anatomical location of the PWS and is mainly attributed to morphological parameters such as size and depth of the ...
Jull Gwendolen - - 2002
The use of cervical manipulation presents concerns because of a risk of devastating side effects of trauma to the vertebral artery. Little is known about the frequency of use of cervical manipulation versus passive mobilisation by physiotherapists. A recent national, multi-centre randomised clinical trial of the physiotherapy management of cervicogenic ...
Brosse Alisha L - - 2002
This article critically reviews the evidence that exercise is effective in treating depression in adults. Depression is recognised as a mood state, clinical syndrome and psychiatric condition, and traditional methods for assessing depression (e.g. standard interviews, questionnaires) are described. In order to place exercise therapy into context, more established methods ...
Andrus G M - - 2001
In keeping with the widespread demand for therapy, many different ways of dealing with premenstrual syndrome (PMS), premenstrual dysphoria (PMD) and post menopausal symptoms are presently recommended and practiced. Severe depression associated with PMD is often treated with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI), while milder PMS often receives a number ...
van der Lee J H - - 2001
The term "constraint-induced therapy" is used to denote a "family of treatment modalities" in which the common feature is discouraging the use of the unaffected or less affected arm, combined with intensive training of the paretic arm. A systematic literature search revealed only three randomized controlled studies on the effectiveness ...
Clyman B - - 2001
Few medical professionals would dispute the obvious health benefits afforded by regular exercise if pursued judiciously and in moderation. Cardiovascular disease, hypertension, osteoporosis, diabetes, depression, and fibromyalgia are a few of the many disorders in which exercise plays a key role in management. Less well-appreciated until recently is the beneficial ...
Moore M L - - 2001
Calculating impairment in burn patients is crucial to understanding outcome. However, it is rarely reported after burns, presumably because the process of calculating impairment ratings is complicated and tedious. Computerized systems have been developed that facilitate the process, but it has not been established in burn patients that these systems ...
Gracies J M - - 2001
This article reviews various physical modalities that have been used in spastic hypertonia, particularly superficial heat and cold, diathermies (ultrasound, microwave, and short-wave irradiation), electrical stimulation (transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation), implanted spinal stimulation (rectal stimulation), and massage (deep friction, superficial contact). The duration of the effects of most physical therapies ...
Baird C L - - 2001
Because of the chronic nature of osteoarthritis, nonpharmacologic interventions provide the client with self-care strategies that may lessen pain, improve physical functioning, and increase independence and sense of control. Nonpharmacologic interventions include exercise, rest and joint protection, heat and cold, hydrotherapy, therapeutic touch, acupuncture/acupressure, biofeedback, hypnotherapy, cognitive-behavioral techniques, activity and ...
Pollock K M - - 2001
Research findings over the past two decades strongly indicate that moderate exercise can have a beneficial effect upon depression, yet suggestions to depressed patients that they exercise rarely are followed. Despite the research, few psychotherapists employ exercise promotion and maintenance as part of their treatment. An approach to integrating exercise ...
Zeno E - - 2001
There are few reports analyzing the effects of exercise on patients with temporomandibular disorders. This paper presents a case study examining whether there were additional benefits from performing neuromuscular control home exercises (NMCHE) in a patient with temporomandibular disorder who was already receiving conventional treatment. A woman, 41 years of ...
O'Reilly S - - 2001
Lifestyle changes are gaining increasing recognition in the management of osteoarthritis. In most guidelines advice on exercise and weight reduction is now given priority over pharmacological therapies. In view of the face validity, safety and cost-effectiveness of such measures this would seem appropriate. This chapter discusses the role of exercise ...
Helmeke K B - - 2001
This paper presents an experiential exercise for training beginning marriage and family therapists, as well as several adaptations of the format. The basic exercise consists of role playing a therapy session in which the people playing the clients speak a language that is not understood by the therapist-in-training. Although the ...
Howard S B - - 2001
Management of persistent edema with the common treatment methods reported in the literature is not always successful. Manual edema mobilization (MEM) is a relatively new treatment regimen derived from established European and Australian lymphedema reduction regimens. It includes the use of exercises, light skin-tractioning massage techniques following the lymphatic pathways, ...
Michlovitz S L - - 2001
Identifying practice patterns for therapy interventions following distal radius fractures (DRFs) is necessary to define the most frequently used examination and intervention techniques. The purpose of this study was to identify preferred practice patterns and physical and functional outcome measures used during DRF management. Two hundred forty-two therapists (PTs, OTs, ...
Perry J C - - 2001
This study examined defensive functioning in adults entering open-ended dynamic psychotherapy and determined whether defenses predict retention at 1 year. Beginning at about the fifth session, 14 adults with personality and or depressive disorders entering open-ended dynamic psychotherapy had five therapy sessions audiotaped. The sessions were rated according to the ...
Cerquetani E E Department of Internal Medicine Cardiology, San Raffaele, via Della Pisana 235, 00163, Rome, - - 2001
Oestrogen replacement therapy in postmenopausal women has a protective effect upon the cardiovascular system and improves exercise-induced myocardial ischemia. Although in hormone replacement schemes progestins are required to reduce the likelihood of uterine malignancies, little is known on the cardiovascular effect of progestins. The purpose of this study was to ...
Aapro Matti S - - 2002
There is evidence that, in spite of the Perugia consensus, acute and delayed emesis are treated in a suboptimal way. Thus breakthrough and refractory emesis as defined in this paper may be related to inadequate therapy. Several interventions have been used in attempts to stop breakthrough emesis, including use or ...
Mauskop A - - 2001
Alternative or complementary modes of treatment often lack scientific proof of efficacy. This is true for many drugs that are used for prophylaxis of headaches as well. Many of these complementary modes are inexpensive, harmless, and possibly effective. Patients can be given a list of options in the following order ...
Rhee D J - - 2001
Given the recent interest in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), some patients may seek such treatments to supplement their traditional glaucoma management. The prevalence of CAM use for glaucoma is approximately 5%. We reviewed the literature to determine the potential benefit of various alternative treatments. Aside from a temporary osmotic ...
Tran M T - - 2001
PURPOSE: Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) has a pathophysiologic role in many disease states. The purpose of this review is to provide recommendations regarding the safety, efficacy, and dosing of CoQ10 in the management of chronic heart failure (CHF), angina, and hypertension. DATA SOURCES: Literature pertaining to the safety and efficacy of ...
Vidal C - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Previous studies in which leukotriene-receptor antagonist and corticosteroids were used have suggested a possible role for these anti-inflammatory drugs in the prevention of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction, but no direct comparisons have been made. OBJECTIVE: A crossover study was undertaken to compare the ability of both montelukast and budesonide to protect ...
Kaptchuk T J - - 2001
The double-blind randomized controlled trial (RCT) is accepted by medicine as objective scientific methodology that, when ideally performed, produces knowledge untainted by bias. The validity of the RCT rests not just on theoretical arguments, but also on the discrepancy between the RCT and less rigorous evidence (the difference is sometimes ...
Tsai C F - - 2001
Patients with asthma often show increased airway hyperreactivity and mucus hypersecretion. Although beta2-agonist therapy is one of the most common and effective ways used to relieve airway obstruction, the use of a positive expiratory pressure device (PEPD) is also effective in mucus clearance. However, no previously reported study has examined ...
Chard J - - 2001
This paper reviews the most commonly used nonpharmaceutical treatments for osteoarthritis, summarizing the available evidence. Four general areas are reviewed: aids and appliances, exercise and physiotherapy, education and behavioral change, and alternative and complementary therapies. The results of this review indicate that the use of nonpharmaceutical interventions in osteoarthritis is ...
Lawlor D A - - 2001
To determine the effectiveness of exercise as an intervention in the management of depression. Systematic review and meta-regression analysis of randomised controlled trials obtained from five electronic databases (Medline, Embase, Sports Discus, PsycLIT, Cochrane Library) and through contact with experts in the field, bibliographic searches, and hand searches of recent ...
Edward Shifflett D - - 2001
Objective: To measure the effects of 4 weeks of nasal positive airway pressure therapy (PAP) on exercise performance in obstructive sleep apnea patients (OSA).Background: Little published research is available which describes the effects of OSA on exercise tolerance or upon the potential of exercise testing to evaluate the outcomes of ...
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