Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 849
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Barker Melinda J - - 2004
Despite the widespread prescribing of benzodiazepines, uncertainty still surrounds the potential for cognitive impairment following their long-term use. Furthermore, the degree of recovery that may take place after withdrawal or the level of residual impairment, if any, that is maintained in long-term benzodiazepine users is also unclear. The current paper ...
Adamson Philip B - - 2004
This review examines the clinical benefit of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in patients with severe heart failure symptoms and interventricular conduction delay. The magnitude of CRT effects on exercise duration, quality of life, and reversal of adverse remodeling are compared to angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor therapy and combined beta-blocker/ACE inhibitor ...
Brown Thomas P - - 2004
Exertional rhabdomyolysis is an uncommon diagnosis, but because its complications can be severe, clinicians need a thorough understanding of this syndrome. When skeletal muscle cell membranes are damaged, their intracellular contents enter the bloodstream and can cause potentially serious sequelae, even death. Intense exercise, some viral infections, and certain genetic ...
Masuda Akinori - - 2004
We have reported that repeated sauna therapy improves impaired vascular endothelial function in a patient with coronary risk factors. We hypothesized that sauna therapy decreases urinary 8-epi-prostaglandin F(2alpha) (PGF(2alpha)) levels as a marker of oxidative stress and conducted a randomized, controlled study. Twenty-eight patients with at least one coronary risk ...
Brugh Victor M VM - - 2004
There is a male factor involved in up to half of all infertile couples. Potential etiologies in male factor infertility are many and require thorough evaluation for their accurate identification. A complete medical history in conjunction with a focused examination can allow for an appropriate choice of laboratory and imaging ...
Leypoldt John K - - 2004
Calculation of urea standard Kt/V (stdKt/V) as a dose measure for guiding novel hemodialysis or hemofiltration therapy prescription is complex since this parameter depends on the magnitude of posttreatment urea rebound. We propose here a two-step procedure for calculating urea stdKt/V from single-pool urea Kt/V values (spKt/V) determined from serum ...
Grainger Rebecca - - 2004
Osteoarthritis is a common, chronic condition which requires an individualised management plan involving multiple kinds of treatment. Exercise programs and the Arthritis Self-Management Program reduce pain and disability associated with osteoarthritis. Paracetamol is the most appropriate first-line analgesic. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may be used as second-line analgesia on an as-needed ...
Fitzgerald G Kelley - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purposes of this review are to: (1) describe treatments that physical therapists may use to supplement exercise programs to enhance the benefit of rehabilitation, (2) discuss current research related to the mode of delivery of physical therapy treatment, and (3) identify characteristics from recent research that ...
Iversen Maura D - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To describe how patients and their rheumatologists discuss exercise, and to identify predictors of exercise prescriptions. METHODS: Twenty-five rheumatologists and 132 patients with rheumatoid arthritis completed questionnaires and were audiotaped during a subsequent clinic visit. Chi-square and t-tests assessed associations between variables. Principal components analysis identified patterns of talk ...
Ozyigit Gokhan - - 2004
Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) involves the delivery of optimized nonuniform beam intensities to the patient. In the head and neck region, there are many critical structures in close proximity to the target, with little influence from internal organ motion. Because IMRT produces tightly conformal doses and steep-dose gradients next to ...
Jukema J Wouter - - 2004
Hypertension and hyperlipidaemia are major risk factors for the development of atherosclerosis. Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) have been used for decades and have established antihypertensive effects. Statins have been extensively used because of their potent lipid lowering properties. Amongst other factors, inflammation and oxidation are involved in enhanced progression of ...
Miller Rachel - - 2004
Cognitive enhancement therapy (CET) for first-episode schizophrenia combines supportive therapy with social skills and cognitive remediation training. It includes exercises aimed at ameliorating cognitive and negative symptoms in a purposefully motivational format. In this treatment model, the clinician takes an active role as coach, teacher, and therapist in order to ...
Padberg Frank T FT - - 2004
Deterioration of calf muscle pump function is associated with progression of chronic venous insufficiency (CVI). We postulated that a supervised exercise program would improve calf muscle strength and venous hemodynamics in patients with CVI. We recruited 31 patients for this randomized, prospective trial. Inclusion criteria required the presence of skin ...
Bernard Rebecca S - - 2004
Cystic fibrosis is a fatal chronic illness that primarily affects the respiratory and pancreatic systems. Treatment includes daily medications, enzyme and vitamin supplements, a high-calorie diet, and airway clearance sessions (e.g., chest physiotherapy, exercise). Although this regimen is essential to longevity, families have difficulty adhering to the multiple treatment components. ...
Norton Christine - - 2004
Biofeedback has been advocated as first-line therapy for patients whose symptoms of mild to moderate fecal incontinence have not responded to simple dietary advice or medication. Three main modalities have been described: (1) use of an intra-anal electromyographic sensor, a probe to measure intra-anal pressure, or perianal surface electromyographic electrodes ...
Craft Lynette L. - - 2004
Millions of Americans suffer from clinical depression each year. Most depressed patients first seek treatment from their primary care providers. Generally, depressed patients treated in primary care settings receive pharmacologic therapy alone. There is evidence to suggest that the addition of cognitive-behavioral therapies, specifically exercise, can improve treatment outcomes for ...
Liddle Sarah Dianne - - 2004
The aim of this review was to investigate current evidence for the type and quality of exercise being offered to chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients, within randomised controlled trials (RCTs), and to assess how treatment outcomes are being measured. A two-fold methodological approach was adopted: a methodological assessment identified ...
Chang Angela T - - 2004
Although tilt tables are used by physiotherapists to reintroduce patients to the vertical position, no quantitative evidence is available regarding their use within intensive care units (ICUs) of Australian hospitals. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of tilt tables in physiotherapy management of patients in ICUs ...
Quinlivan R - - 2004
McArdle's disease (Glycogen Storage Disease type V) is caused by the absence of the glycolytic enzyme, muscle phosphorylase. Patients present with exercise-induced pain, cramps, fatigue, myoglobinuria and acute renal failure, which can ensue if the myoglobinuria is severe. To systematically review the evidence from randomised controlled trials of pharmacological or ...
Dagfinrud H - - 2004
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic, inflammatory rheumatic disease. Due to the consequences of the disease, physiotherapy is considered to be an important part of the overall management of AS. The objective of this review was to summarise the available scientific evidence on the effectiveness of physiotherapy interventions in the ...
White C M - - 2004
Peripheral neuropathies are a wide range of diseases affecting the peripheral nerves. Demyelination or axonal degeneration gives rise to a variety of symptoms including reduced or altered sensation, pain, muscle weakness and fatigue. Secondary disability arises and this may result in adjustments to psychological and social function. Exercise therapy, with ...
O'Brien K - - 2004
Due to medical advancements, many people living with HIV infection in developed countries are living longer (Palella 1998). HIV infection can now present as a chronic illness with an uncertain natural disease history. The changing course of HIV infection has lead to a potential increase in the prevalence and impact ...
Edmonds M - - 2004
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is an illness characterised by persistent medically unexplained fatigue. CFS is a serious health-care problem with a prevalence of up to 3%. Treatment strategies for CFS include psychological, physical and pharmacological interventions. To investigate the relative effectiveness of exercise therapy and control treatments for CFS. CCDANCTR-Studies ...
Sadick Neil S NS Department of Dermatology, Weill Medical College, Cornell University, New York, NY, USA. - - 2004
Facial wrinkles involving the forehead, glabellar, and/or periorbital regions are a common esthetic problem and are directly related to overactivity of the underlying facial musculature. For instance, the development of glabellar wrinkles is related, at least in part, to the dynamics of the underlying procerus, corrugator supercilii, and orbicularis oculi ...
Lin S-H - - 2003
Osmotic demyelination of the brain (ODS) is a dreaded complication that typically occurs several days after aggressive therapy for chronic hyponatraemia, but is eminently avoidable. In this teaching exercise, Professor McCance, an imaginary consultant, is asked to explain how he would have treated a 28-year-old female who had hyperkalaemia, hypoglycaemia, ...
Clark Heather M - - 2003
Despite the proliferation of oral motor therapies, much controversy exists regarding the application and benefit of neuromuscular treatments (NMTs) such as strength training for alleviating dysarthria and/or dysphagia. Not only is limited empirical support available to validate the use of NMTs, but clinicians may also lack the foundational information needed ...
Brugh Victor M VM - - 2003
There is a male factor involved in up to half of all infertile couples. Potential causes of male factor infertility are many and require thorough evaluation for their accurate elucidation. A complete medical history in conjunction with a focused examination can allow for an appropriate choice of laboratory and imaging ...
McVeigh J G - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To identify patients' perceptions of the role and benefits of exercise in the treatment of fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). DESIGN: A postal questionnaire was sent to all 225 members of the Northern Ireland Fibromyalgia Support Group. The questionnaire consisted of 19 questions and was sub-divided into four sections: (1) background ...
Stenner V J - - 2003
An 8 1/2-year-old neutered male Beagle was diagnosed with acquired myasthenia gravis associated with a non-invasive thymic carcinoma. The thymic mass was surgically excised and the dog was treated with pyridostigmine, prednisolone and azathioprine. Serial acetylcholine receptor antibody titres were increased initially but slowly declined to normal values over a ...
Wiederhold Brenda K - - 2003
Thirty participants who had been treated for aviophobia with virtual reality graded exposure therapy with physiological monitoring and visual feedback (VRGETpm), virtual reality graded exposure therapy with physiological monitoring only (VRGETno), or imaginal exposure therapy (visualization) with physiological monitoring only (IET) between January 1998 and January 1999 were contacted in ...
Bernatas J J - - 2003
SETTING: Decentralisation of directly observed treatment (DOT) for tuberculosis patients in three public centres in Djibouti city from April 2000. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate decentralisation based on the success rate by site of treatment and according to certain critical variables. METHODS: Comparative evaluation of the success rate of smear-positive patients followed ...
Lim Erle Chuen-Hian - - 2003
A young Chinese man sustained a back injury in a motorcycle accident in 2000 and had left lower limb weakness due to a lumbosacral plexopathy, diagnosed clinically and electromyographically. With rehabilitation, he recovered full function, but developed paroxysmal dystonia of the left leg only with prolonged exertion. He responded well ...
Shabsigh R - - 2003
The role of low testosterone levels in erectile dysfunction (ED) remains unclear. Both organic and psychogenic factors contribute to ED, with vasculogenic causes being the most common etiology. Approximately 10-20% of patients with ED are diagnosed with hormonal abnormalities. At the physiologic level, two second messenger systems are involved in ...
Hawes Martha C - - 2003
The loss of flexibility in a spinal curvature defines it as a structural spinal deformity; a curvature sufficiently mobile to resolve with a change in posture is a non-structural or 'functional' scoliosis which is within the normal limits of movement for a human spine. It, therefore, seems logical that exercise-based ...
Negrini Stefano - - 2003
Our purpose was, through an extensive and systematic review of the literature, to verify the effectiveness of physical exercises in the treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. We performed a search of different databases (Medline, Cochrane Library, Embase, Cinhal), and a hand-search of the non-indexed pertinent literature, and found 11 papers: ...
Seth Avinash Kumar - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Acyclovir (ACY) is effective in the treatment of herpes simplex (HSV-1) & (HSV-2) but has systemic toxic effects if given orally or intravenously. ACY has not been used to treat the disease topically due to poor drug penetration into skin. A novel 1% liposomal ACY topical gel in a ...
Beurskens Carien H G - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of the effect of mime therapy, a novel therapy combining mime and physiotherapy, for patients with longstanding (at least 9 months) sequelae of unilateral peripheral facial paralysis. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial, with the treatment group receiving mime therapy and the control group forming a waiting list. SETTING: ...
Burnett Arthur L - - 2003
PURPOSE: While a modest amount of medical literature has been written on the topic of priapism, reports heretofore have focused predominantly on diagnostic and management related aspects of the disorder, providing meager information in regard to its pathophysiology. Accordingly the intent of this review was to explore the etiological and ...
Murray Christian - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Botulinum neurotoxin formulations are safe and effective agents for the treatment of facial rhytides. OBJECTIVES: A patient is described who complained of metallic taste after each treatment with botulinum toxin A (BTX-A). RESULTS: The sensation of metallic taste diminished after successive treatments with BTX-A, despite adequate dosing for cosmetic ...
Rademeyer Irene - - 2003
A physical therapy approach to lumbar spinal stenosis involves techniques directed at opening up the neurovascular spaces in the lumbar spine to reduce the stenosis. This entails manual therapy techniques for improving intervertebral motion, regaining neural mobility, and restoring muscle function, followed by an active exercise program that often involves ...
Turner John - - 2003
Headache related to exercise is present in many active individuals. Prospective studies on exercise-related headache are rare. There are several subtypes of headache either exacerbated or caused exclusively by exercise or exertion. Many descriptors exist, but few clear guidelines have been established to allow the practitioner to easily differentiate and ...
Kuritzky Louis - - 2003
Arthritis is a growing health concern in the US with approximately 70 million Americans currently affected. This figure will inevitably rise as the population ages. The pain and decreased mobility associated with arthritis have a significant impact on quality of life and because patients with arthritis are less active than ...
Sarig-Bahat H - - 2003
In spite of neck disorders being so common in the population, little evidence supporting effective interventions has been identified. The objective of this systematic review was to determine if various exercise methods are effective in treating the different mechanical neck disorders occurring in adults. Sixteen trials were included: nine randomized ...
Meek C - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review of exercise trials post stroke. DESIGN: A systematic review of controlled clinical trials. SEARCH STRATEGY: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Amed, Sports Discus, Cochrane controlled trials register and PEDro were searched for relevant trials. INCLUSION CRITERIA: Studies--randomized or quasi-randomized controlled clinical trials. Participants--Adults of any age ...
Yoda Tetsuya - - 2003
Therapeutic exercise is a new concept of treatment for patients with clicking due to anterior disk displacement with reduction (ADDWR). In order to investigate the efficacy of the exercise, we designed a randomized controlled clinical trial to compare with no-treatment controls. The subjects were patients who complained of painless unilateral ...
Heintjes E - - 2003
Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is a common problem among adolescents and young adults, characterised by retropatellar pain (behind the kneecap) or peripatellar pain (around the kneecap) when ascending or descending stairs, squatting or sitting with flexed knees. Etiology, structures causing the pain and treatment methods are all debated in literature, ...
Brosseau L - - 2003
Therapeutic exercise is used as one modality to treat people with osteoarthritis (OA). To evaluate the effectiveness of therapeutic exercise of differing intensities on objective and subjective measures of disease activity in people with OA. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Pedro, Current Contents, Sports Discus and CINAHL up to and including ...
Dalbasti Tayfun - - 2002
Photodynamic therapy (PDT), as a novel treatment modality, is based on the use of a photosensitizing agent with an excitation light source for the treatment of various malignancies. Its effect is mediated through reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide (NO), which are shown to be present in apoptosis. Individual differences ...
Szabo C P - - 2002
Ritualised exercise commonly accompanies the clinical presentation of anorexia nervosa (AN) sufferers, but there is a paucity of research on structured exercise as a therapeutic intervention. This study examined the usefulness of resistance training as part of a treatment programme for hospitalized anorexics. The study sample consisted of 21 subjects: ...
Mahoney Douglas J - - 2002
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review will critically summarize the nutritional and exercise-based interventions that have been used to treat mitochondrial disease, with a focus on the biochemical or molecular rationale for their use as well as recent advances in the field. RECENT FINDINGS: Many nutritional-based treatment strategies have been used ...
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