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Butryn Meghan L ML Drexel University, USA - - 2014
This pilot study tested a novel program to promote adoption and maintenance of aerobic activity in midlife women. Lifestyle modification group sessions were held weekly for 3 months, followed by two booster sessions during the 3-month maintenance phase. During all 6 months of the program, participants used a physical activity ...
Frajacomo F T T FT Department of Pathology, Ribeirao Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, - - 2014
Light-at-night exposure enhances the risk of cancer. Colon cancer is among the most dangerous tumors affecting humankind. Physical exercise has shown positive effects against colon cancer. Here, we investigated whether pineal gland modulates antipreneoplastic effects of physical exercise in the colon. Surgical and non-surgical pineal impairments were performed to clarify ...
Huang Ding-Hau DH Graduate School of Management, Chang Gung University , Tao-Yuan, - - 2014
The present study aimed to investigate whether facial electromyography (EMG) recordings reflect the perception of effort and primary active lower limb muscle activity during incremental workload cycling. The effects of exercise intensity on EMG activity of the corrugator supercilii (CS), masseter and vastus lateralis (VL) muscles, heart rate (HR) and ...
Gonçalves Thiago R TR 1Laboratory of Experimental and Applied Exercise Physiology - Biomedical Institute - Fluminense Federal University - Niterói, RJ, Brazil. 2Physical Activity and Health Promotion Laboratory - Physical Education Institute - Rio de Janeiro State University - Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. 3Research Group on Biomechanics - Physical Education Institute - Fluminense Federal University - Niterói, RJ, - - 2014
Increased heart rate variability (HRV) at rest is frequently associated to maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), physical activity and markers of quality of life (QoL). However, the HRV has not been observed during physical exercise or orthostatic challenge. This study investigated the associations of HRV changes (ΔHRV) from rest at supine ...
Zhao Zaorui Z University of Maryland School of Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology and Center for Shock, Trauma, and Anesthesiology Research (STAR), Baltimore, Maryland, United States ; - - 2014
Physical activity can attenuate neuronal loss, reduce neuroinflammation and facilitate recovery after brain injury. However, little is known about the mechanisms of exercise-induced neuroprotection after traumatic brain injury (TBI), or its modulation of posttraumatic neuronal cell death. Voluntary exercise using a running wheel was conducted for 4 weeks immediately preceding ...
Yang Fei F 1 Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, 17177 Stockholm, Sweden - - 2014
Physical exercise has been associated with neuroprotective effects in the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system. To examine the impact of physical activity on Parkinson's disease risk prospectively, we followed 43 368 individuals who provided extensive information on physical activity at baseline. We estimated hazard ratios with 95% confidence intervals using Cox proportional ...
Zois James J College of Sport and Exercise Science, Institute of Sport, Exercise and Active Living (ISEAL), Victoria University, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
High-intensity, short-duration warm-up techniques improve acute physical performance, but sparse research has examined their consequence when followed by intermittent activity which is pertinent to team-sports. We compared a 5 RM leg-press, a small-sided game and a current team-sport warm-up amongst 10 semi-professional soccer players following two intermittent activity protocols consisting ...
Kim Kyung-Ae KA 1Graduate School of Physical Education, Kyung Hee University, Seocheon-dong Giheung-gu Yongin-si Gyeonggi-do, Korea; 2Department of Internal Medicine, University of California at Davis, Davis, - - 2014
Previously we found that the pressor response to muscle metaboreflex activation is enhanced in pre-hypertension and associated with peripheral vasoconstriction. However, mechanisms underlying this exaggerated response are not clear. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that activation of this reflex is augmented due to increased production of muscle metabolites (i.e., lactate, ...
Kim Seong-Gil SG Department of Physical Therapy, Rehabilitation Science College, Daegu University, 15, Jilyang, Gyeongsan-si, Gyeongbuk 712-714, Republic of - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate the effect of horse riding simulation (HRS) on balance and trunk muscle activation as well as to provide evidence of the therapeutic benefits of the exercise. Thirty elderly subjects were recruited from a medical care hospital and randomly divided into an experimental and a control ...
Haycraft Emma E Loughborough University Centre for Research into Eating Disorders, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, - - 2014
This is a two-study paper that developed a measure to assess parenting practices related to children's physical activity and explored maternal predictors of such parenting practices. Study 1: A self-report measure of parents' activity-related practices (the Parenting Related to Activity Measure) was developed, and a principal component analysis was carried ...
Li Chu-Shiu CS aDepartment of Risk Management and Insurance, National Kaohsiung First University of Science and Technology bDepartment of International Business, College of Management, Asia University cDepartment of Risk Management and Insurance, Feng Chia University, Taichung dInstitute of Population Health Sciences, National Health Research Institutes, Zhunan eInstitute of Sports Science, National Taiwan Sport University, Taoyuan fMJ Health Management Institution, Taipei gChina Medical University Hospital, Taichung, - - 2014
Even with the 2008 physical activity guidelines for Americans and the strong epidemiological evidence, physicians are not routinely emphasizing the importance of exercise. We try to explore an innovative way to communicate the benefits of physical activity in a term familiar to patients. A cohort of 470 163 adults from a ...
Lackland Daniel T DT Division of Translational Neuroscience and Population Studies, Stroke Research and Education Center, Department of Neurology, Medical University of South Carolina, Harborview Office Tower, Suite 501, 19 Hagood Ave, Charleston, SC, 29464, USA, - - 2014
The incorporation of physical activity and exercise represents a clinically important aspect in the management of metabolic syndrome, hypertension, and diabetes. While the benefit of exercise and active lifestyles is well documented for prevention and risk reduction of cardiovascular and stroke outcomes, the detailed regiment and recommendations are less clear. ...
Bolgla Lori L Georgia Regents University, Augusta, GA, - - 2014
Researchers have identified sex-differences in lower extremity muscle activation during functional activities that involve landing and cutting maneuvers. However, less research has been conducted to determine if muscle activation differences occur during rehabilitation exercises. The purpose of this investigation was to determine if sex-differences exist for activation amplitudes of the ...
Watz Henrik H For a full list of the authors' affiliations please refer to the Acknowledgements. - - 2014
This European Respiratory Society (ERS) statement provides a comprehensive overview on physical activity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A multidisciplinary Task Force of experts representing the ERS Scientific Group 01.02 "Rehabilitation and Chronic Care" determined the overall scope of this statement through consensus. Focused literature reviews were ...
Papathanassoglou Elizabeth D E ED Department of Nursing, Cyprus University of Technology, Limassol, Cyprus - - 2014
Exercise attenuates inflammation and enhances levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). Exercise also enhances parasympathetic tone, although its role in activating the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway is unclear. The physiological pathways of exercise's effect on inflammation are obscure. To critically review the evidence on the role of BDNF in the anti-inflammatory ...
Tulchin-Francis Kirsten K Texas Scottish Rite Hospital for Children, Movement Science Laboratory, 2222 Welborn Street, Dallas, TX 75219, - - 2014
Assessment of physical, ambulatory, activity using accelerometer-based devices has been reported in healthy individuals across a wide range of ages, as well as in multiple patient populations. Many researchers who utilize the StepWatch Activity Monitor (SAM) rely on the default settings for data collection and analysis. A comparison was made ...
Sallis Robert R Department of Family Medicine, Kaiser Permanente Medical Center, Fontana, CA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The time has come for healthcare systems to take an active role in the promotion of physical activity (PA). The connection between PA and health has been clearly established and exercise should be viewed as a cost effective medication that is universally prescribed as a first line treatment for virtually ...
Carrera-Quintanar Lucrecia L Department of Applied Biology-Nutrition and Institute of Bioengineering, University Miguel Hernandez, Avda de la Universidad sn, 03202, Elche, Alicante, - - 2014
The effect of endogenous antioxidants can be either an immediate response (relying on enzymatic activities) or a long-term adaptation (relying on gene modulation events), both susceptible to be modified by antioxidants from diet and supplementation. The aim of this work was to delve in these aspects in circulating white blood ...
Murnane A A ONTrac at Peter Mac Victorian Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer Service Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Locked Bag 1 A'Beckett St, Melbourne, VIC, 8006, Australia, - - 2014
Given the decades of survivorship for adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivors, it is important to promote behaviours that enhance physical and mental well-being and quality of life (QoL). The purpose of this study was to explore the exercise programming preferences and information needs of AYA survivors and to ...
Paz G G Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro, RJ, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the muscle activity of the Erector spinae (ES) during Pilates isometric exercises on and off Swiss ball. Fifteen women (22.9±2.1years, 171.7±4.7 cm, 65.7±5.3 kg and 11.2±3.2% of body fat) with previous Pilates experience (1±0.9 years) participated as subjects in this study. In ...
Vella Luke L Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition, School of Exercise and Nutrition Science, Deakin University, Burwood, Vic., - - 2014
Resistance exercise triggers a subclinical inflammatory response that plays a pivotal role in skeletal muscle regeneration. Nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) is a stress signalling transcription factor that regulates acute and chronic states of inflammation. The classical NF-κB pathway regulates the early activation of post-exercise inflammation; however there remains scope for this ...
Albert Nancy M NM Office of Research and Innovation, Nursing Institute, Cleveland Clinic Health System, Cleveland, OH, USA; George M. and Linda H. Kaufman Center for Heart Failure, Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic Main Campus, Cleveland, OH, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Explore perceptions of physical activity/exercise in patients with chronic heart failure (HF). Although activity/exercise are HF self-care expectations, perceptions of patients are not well understood. Ambulatory adults with HF were interviewed. Data were transcribed, categorized, and themes were developed. Of 48 participants, mean age was 58.8 ± 13.2 years. Themes that emerged ...
Huffman Km K Division of Rheumatology and Immunology, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center , Durham, NC , - - 2014
Objectives: Until recently, reports of physical activity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) were limited to self-report methods and/or leisure-time physical activity. Our objectives were to assess, determine correlates of, and compare to well-matched controls both exercise and sedentary time in a typical clinical cohort of RA. Method: Persons with established RA ...
Maddigan Meaghan E ME School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's Newfoundland, - - 2014
The back squat is a traditional resistance training exercise whereas the resisted sled exercise is a relatively new resistance exercise. However as there are no studies comparing muscle activation between the exercises, the objective of this study was to examine activity of leg and trunk muscles for the two exercises. ...
Verschuren Olaf O Brain Center Rudolf Magnus and Center of Excellence for Rehabilitation Medicine, De Hoogstraat Rehabilitation, University Medical Center Utrecht, Rembrandtkade 10, 3583 TM, Utrecht, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Physical activity is important for people's health. The emphasis over the last two decades has been on moderate to vigorous exercise when designing activity and exercise programmes for adults with stroke. Emerging evidence suggests that sedentary behaviour is distinctly different from a lack of moderate to vigorous physical activity and ...
Loprinzi Paul D PD Department of Health, Exercise Science, and Recreation Management, Center for Health Behavior Research, School of Applied Sciences, The University of Mississippi. Electronic address: - - 2014
Healthcare professionals play an integral role in promoting health-enhancing behaviors, such as physical activity. However, the extent to which healthcare professionals promote physical activity to inactive adults is unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the degree to which inactive adults are encouraged by healthcare professionals to ...
Keyes Alexandra A Section of Eating Disorders, Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College London, Decrespigny Park, London, United - - 2014
To investigate physical activity (PA) and drive for exercise in anorexia nervosa (AN) in relation to eating disorder (ED) pathology and anxiety. Female participants were recruited into four groups: AN outpatients (n = 37), AN inpatients (n = 18), an anxiety group (n = 34), and healthy controls (HCs; n = 30). PA was measured by actigraphy and ...
Falzon Charlène C Laboratory of Human Motricity, Education Sport and Health - EA 6309, University of Nice Sophia-Antipolis, Nice, France, - - 2014
Research in health communication has shown that narratives contribute more positively to changing health behaviors than informational messages. The main purposes of this study were to examine and to compare the effects of two messages promoting physical activity, one narrative and the other informational, on the perceptions and behavioral intentions ...
Smith Lindsey P LP Department of Nutrition, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, CB#8120, 137 E. Franklin St., Chapel Hill, NC 27514, - - 2014
Physical activity and inactivity have distinct cardio-metabolic consequences, suggesting that combinations of activities can impact health above and beyond the effects of a single activity. However, little work has examined patterns of non-labor market time activity in the US population, particularly among full-time employees in sedentary occupations, who are at ...
Taylor James Kyle - - 2014
Our purpose was to characterize changes in paraoxonase 1 (PON1) activity and concentration after single aerobic exercise sessions conducted before and after 6 weeks of niacin therapy in men with metabolic syndrome (MetS). Twelve men with MetS expended 500 kcal by walking at 65% of VO2max before and after a 6-week ...
Seifert Tad T Sports Concussion Program, Norton Healthcare, Department of Neurology, University of Kentucky, NCAA Headache Task Force, 3991 Dutchmans Lane, Suite 310, Louisville, KY, 40207, USA, - - 2014
Sports- and exercise-related headaches are not unusual. Despite their frequent occurrence in this context, there are little epidemiologic data concerning sports-related headache. The recent attention of concussive injuries and associated post-traumatic headache has renewed interest in the study of those headaches occurring after head trauma; however, any primary headache type ...
Cho Igsoo I Department of Rehabilitation Science, Graduate School of Daegu University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of closed kinetic chain exercises (CKCEs) and open kinetic chain exercises (OKCEs) with elastic bands on the electromyographic activity of patients with degenerative gonarthritis. [Subjects] The study subjects were 30 degenerative gonarthritis patients who were divided into a CKCE ...
Lee Sangyong S Department of Physical Therapy, Youngdong University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] This study investigated the influence of the indoor horseback riding exercise on the electromyographic activity of the lower extremity and balance during one-leg standing. [Subjects] Twenty normal adults were divided into an indoor horseback riding exercise group (IHREG, n=10), which performed the indoor horseback riding exercise using equipment 3 ...
Kim Seong Gil SG Department of Physical Therapy, College of Rehabilitation Science, Daegu University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of trunk stabilization exercise on the muscle EMG activations related to core stability. [Subjects and Methods] Fifteen elderly people in a geriatric hospital performed trunk stabilization exercises with a Swiss ball for 20 minutes five times per week for ...
Knight Emily E Lawson Health Research Institute, Aging, Rehabilitation, and Geriatric Care Research Centre, London, Ontario, - - 2014
Physical activity guidelines recommend engaging in moderate- and vigorous-intensity physical activity to elicit health benefits. Similarly, these higher intensity ranges for activity are typically targeted in healthy living interventions (ie, exercise prescription). Comparatively less attention has been focused on changing lower intensity physical activity (ie, sedentary activity) behaviors. The purpose ...
Knight Emily E Lawson Health Research Institute, Aging, Rehabilitation, and Geriatric Care Research Centre, London, Ontario, - - 2014
It is well established in the literature that regular participation in physical activity is effective for chronic disease management and prevention. Remote monitoring technologies (ie, mHealth) hold promise for engaging patients in self-management of many chronic diseases. The purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness of an mHealth ...
Fife-Schaw Chris - - 2014
Increasing physical activity is known to have health benefits for people with hypertension and related conditions. Current general practitioner referrals for gym-based exercise increase physical activity but meta-analyses show that while these are effective the absolute health risk reduction is small due to patients failing to maintain activity levels over ...
Littlecott Hannah J - - 2014
ObjectiveWhile an increasing number of randomised controlled trials report impacts of exercise referral schemes (ERS) on physical activity, few have investigated the mechanisms through which increases in physical activity are produced. This study examines whether a National Exercise Referral Scheme (NERS) in Wales is associated with improvements in autonomous motivation, ...
Dall C H CH Department of Cardiology, Bispebjerg Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark; Institute of Sports Medicine Copenhagen, Bispebjerg Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
In heart transplant (HTx) recipients, there has been reluctance to recommend high-intensity interval training (HIIT) due to denervation and chronotropic impairment of the heart. We compared the effects of 12 weeks' HIIT versus continued moderate exercise (CON) on exercise capacity and chronotropic response in stable HTx recipients >12 months after ...
Rössler Roland R Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, University of Basel, Birsstrasse 320 B, CH-4052, Basel, Switzerland, - - 2014
The promotion of sport and physical activity (PA) for children is widely recommended to support a healthy lifestyle, but being engaged in sport bears the risk of sustaining injuries. Injuries, in turn, can lead to a reduction in current and future involvement in PA and, therefore, may negatively affect future ...
Kim Yeon Soo YS Yeon Soo Kim, Bong Kil Song, Ji Sun Oh, Seung Seok Woo, Health and Exercise Science Laboratory, Institute of Sports Science, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, South - - 2014
To evaluate the benefit of aerobic exercise on colonic transit time (CTT) for psychiatric inpatients in a closed ward. Sixty consecutive adult inpatients of the Somang Hospital Psychiatry Unit (Eumsung-gun, South Korea), without CTT-related diseases or drug therapies, were recruited for study from March to June of 2012. Upon enrollment, ...
LoVerso Francesca F Dulbecco Telethon Institute; Venetian Institute of Molecular Medicine; Padova, Italy; Department of Biomedical Sciences; University of Padova; Padova, - - 2014
Physical activity has been recently documented to play a fundamental physiological role in the regulation of autophagy in several tissues. It has also been reported that autophagy is required for exercise itself and for training-induced adaptations in glucose homeostasis. These autophagy-mediated metabolic improvements are thought to be largely dependent on ...
LoVerso Francesca F a Dulbecco Telethon Institute; Venetian Institute of Molecular Medicine; Padova, - - 2014
Physical activity has been recently documented to play a fundamental physiological role in the regulation of autophagy in several tissues. It has also been reported that autophagy is required for exercise itself and for training-induced adaptations in glucose homeostasis. These autophagy-mediated metabolic improvements are thought to be largely dependent on ...
Holland Anne E - - 2014
The 6-minute walk test (6MWT) is used to measure exercise capacity and assess prognosis in interstitial lung disease (ILD). Although the 6MWT is usually considered to be a test of submaximal exercise capacity in ILD, the physiological load imposed by this test is not well described and 6MWT outcomes are ...
Sabate Rotes Anna A Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minne, USA; Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
To describe and analyze the cardiopulmonary responses to exercise for patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) before and after pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) and compare our results with those in the literature. Between 1973 and 2012, 278 patients had a first-time PVR after TOF repair. During their evaluations, 76 ...
Losnegard T T Department of Physical Performance, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway - - - 2014
Cross-country skiers' VO2max is often measured during treadmill running. However, VO2max during treadmill skiing with the diagonal stride technique is higher, whereas it is lower during double poling, another classical style technique. How these values compare to VO2max during ski skating in elite cross country skiers is not known. Therefore, ...
Al-Hazzaa Hazzaa M HM Pediatric Exercise Physiology Research Laboratory, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2014
Few studies have reported comprehensive and valid physical activity (PA) data for Saudi youth. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine patterns and determinants of PA among Saudi adolescents. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Saudi secondary schools (15-19 years) during 2009/2010 and used multistage stratified cluster sample ...
Kelsey C R CR Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, - - 2014
The feasibility of symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) prior to allo-SCT was assessed in addition to the prognostic value of CPET-derived measures. CPET was performed prospectively on 21 patients with hematologic malignancies, with assessments of peak (for example, peak oxygen consumption, VO2peak) and submaximal (for example, ventilatory threshold (VT)) measures ...
Mohammadi Pirayeh P Department of Physical Therapy, Iran University of Medical Sciences , Tehran , - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: Idiopathic scoliosis causes respiratory muscles weakness and reduced exercise capacity. However, the mechanism of these symptoms is still unknown. The main objective of this study was to determine the intensity of respiratory muscle activity and exercise capacity in patients with idiopathic scoliosis in comparison with healthy people. Subjects: ...
Fowles Jonathon R JR Acadia University, Wolfville, Nova Scotia, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of enhancing support for physical activity counselling and exercise participation at diabetes centres in Nova Scotia on physical activity and exercise behaviours and clinical outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. In all, 180 patients at 8 diabetes centres ...
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