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Lackland Daniel T DT Division of Translational Neuroscience and Population Studies, Stroke Research and Education Center, Department of Neurology, Medical University of South Carolina, Harborview Office Tower, Suite 501, 19 Hagood Ave, Charleston, SC, 29464, USA, - - 2014
The incorporation of physical activity and exercise represents a clinically important aspect in the management of metabolic syndrome, hypertension, and diabetes. While the benefit of exercise and active lifestyles is well documented for prevention and risk reduction of cardiovascular and stroke outcomes, the detailed regiment and recommendations are less clear. ...
Murnane A A ONTrac at Peter Mac Victorian Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer Service Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Locked Bag 1 A'Beckett St, Melbourne, VIC, 8006, Australia, - - 2014
Given the decades of survivorship for adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivors, it is important to promote behaviours that enhance physical and mental well-being and quality of life (QoL). The purpose of this study was to explore the exercise programming preferences and information needs of AYA survivors and to ...
Paz G G Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro, RJ, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the muscle activity of the Erector spinae (ES) during Pilates isometric exercises on and off Swiss ball. Fifteen women (22.9±2.1years, 171.7±4.7 cm, 65.7±5.3 kg and 11.2±3.2% of body fat) with previous Pilates experience (1±0.9 years) participated as subjects in this study. In ...
Albert Nancy M NM Office of Research and Innovation, Nursing Institute, Cleveland Clinic Health System, Cleveland, OH, USA; George M. and Linda H. Kaufman Center for Heart Failure, Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic Main Campus, Cleveland, OH, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Explore perceptions of physical activity/exercise in patients with chronic heart failure (HF). Although activity/exercise are HF self-care expectations, perceptions of patients are not well understood. Ambulatory adults with HF were interviewed. Data were transcribed, categorized, and themes were developed. Of 48 participants, mean age was 58.8 ± 13.2 years. Themes that emerged ...
Huffman Km K Division of Rheumatology and Immunology, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center , Durham, NC , - - 2014
Objectives: Until recently, reports of physical activity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) were limited to self-report methods and/or leisure-time physical activity. Our objectives were to assess, determine correlates of, and compare to well-matched controls both exercise and sedentary time in a typical clinical cohort of RA. Method: Persons with established RA ...
Maddigan Meaghan E ME School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's Newfoundland, - - 2014
The back squat is a traditional resistance training exercise whereas the resisted sled exercise is a relatively new resistance exercise. However as there are no studies comparing muscle activation between the exercises, the objective of this study was to examine activity of leg and trunk muscles for the two exercises. ...
Verschuren Olaf O Brain Center Rudolf Magnus and Center of Excellence for Rehabilitation Medicine, De Hoogstraat Rehabilitation, University Medical Center Utrecht, Rembrandtkade 10, 3583 TM, Utrecht, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Physical activity is important for people's health. The emphasis over the last two decades has been on moderate to vigorous exercise when designing activity and exercise programmes for adults with stroke. Emerging evidence suggests that sedentary behaviour is distinctly different from a lack of moderate to vigorous physical activity and ...
Loprinzi Paul D PD Department of Health, Exercise Science, and Recreation Management, Center for Health Behavior Research, School of Applied Sciences, The University of Mississippi. Electronic address: - - 2014
Healthcare professionals play an integral role in promoting health-enhancing behaviors, such as physical activity. However, the extent to which healthcare professionals promote physical activity to inactive adults is unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the degree to which inactive adults are encouraged by healthcare professionals to ...
Keyes Alexandra A Section of Eating Disorders, Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College London, Decrespigny Park, London, United - - 2014
To investigate physical activity (PA) and drive for exercise in anorexia nervosa (AN) in relation to eating disorder (ED) pathology and anxiety. Female participants were recruited into four groups: AN outpatients (n = 37), AN inpatients (n = 18), an anxiety group (n = 34), and healthy controls (HCs; n = 30). PA was measured by actigraphy and ...
Falzon Charlène C Laboratory of Human Motricity, Education Sport and Health - EA 6309, University of Nice Sophia-Antipolis, Nice, France, - - 2014
Research in health communication has shown that narratives contribute more positively to changing health behaviors than informational messages. The main purposes of this study were to examine and to compare the effects of two messages promoting physical activity, one narrative and the other informational, on the perceptions and behavioral intentions ...
Smith Lindsey P LP Department of Nutrition, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, CB#8120, 137 E. Franklin St., Chapel Hill, NC 27514, - - 2014
Physical activity and inactivity have distinct cardio-metabolic consequences, suggesting that combinations of activities can impact health above and beyond the effects of a single activity. However, little work has examined patterns of non-labor market time activity in the US population, particularly among full-time employees in sedentary occupations, who are at ...
Taylor James Kyle - - 2014
Our purpose was to characterize changes in paraoxonase 1 (PON1) activity and concentration after single aerobic exercise sessions conducted before and after 6 weeks of niacin therapy in men with metabolic syndrome (MetS). Twelve men with MetS expended 500 kcal by walking at 65% of VO2max before and after a 6-week ...
Seifert Tad T Sports Concussion Program, Norton Healthcare, Department of Neurology, University of Kentucky, NCAA Headache Task Force, 3991 Dutchmans Lane, Suite 310, Louisville, KY, 40207, USA, - - 2014
Sports- and exercise-related headaches are not unusual. Despite their frequent occurrence in this context, there are little epidemiologic data concerning sports-related headache. The recent attention of concussive injuries and associated post-traumatic headache has renewed interest in the study of those headaches occurring after head trauma; however, any primary headache type ...
Cho Igsoo I Department of Rehabilitation Science, Graduate School of Daegu University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of closed kinetic chain exercises (CKCEs) and open kinetic chain exercises (OKCEs) with elastic bands on the electromyographic activity of patients with degenerative gonarthritis. [Subjects] The study subjects were 30 degenerative gonarthritis patients who were divided into a CKCE ...
Lee Sangyong S Department of Physical Therapy, Youngdong University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] This study investigated the influence of the indoor horseback riding exercise on the electromyographic activity of the lower extremity and balance during one-leg standing. [Subjects] Twenty normal adults were divided into an indoor horseback riding exercise group (IHREG, n=10), which performed the indoor horseback riding exercise using equipment 3 ...
Kim Seong Gil SG Department of Physical Therapy, College of Rehabilitation Science, Daegu University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of trunk stabilization exercise on the muscle EMG activations related to core stability. [Subjects and Methods] Fifteen elderly people in a geriatric hospital performed trunk stabilization exercises with a Swiss ball for 20 minutes five times per week for ...
Knight Emily E Lawson Health Research Institute, Aging, Rehabilitation, and Geriatric Care Research Centre, London, Ontario, - - 2014
Physical activity guidelines recommend engaging in moderate- and vigorous-intensity physical activity to elicit health benefits. Similarly, these higher intensity ranges for activity are typically targeted in healthy living interventions (ie, exercise prescription). Comparatively less attention has been focused on changing lower intensity physical activity (ie, sedentary activity) behaviors. The purpose ...
Knight Emily E Lawson Health Research Institute, Aging, Rehabilitation, and Geriatric Care Research Centre, London, Ontario, - - 2014
It is well established in the literature that regular participation in physical activity is effective for chronic disease management and prevention. Remote monitoring technologies (ie, mHealth) hold promise for engaging patients in self-management of many chronic diseases. The purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness of an mHealth ...
Fife-Schaw Chris - - 2014
Increasing physical activity is known to have health benefits for people with hypertension and related conditions. Current general practitioner referrals for gym-based exercise increase physical activity but meta-analyses show that while these are effective the absolute health risk reduction is small due to patients failing to maintain activity levels over ...
Littlecott Hannah J - - 2014
ObjectiveWhile an increasing number of randomised controlled trials report impacts of exercise referral schemes (ERS) on physical activity, few have investigated the mechanisms through which increases in physical activity are produced. This study examines whether a National Exercise Referral Scheme (NERS) in Wales is associated with improvements in autonomous motivation, ...
Dall C H CH Department of Cardiology, Bispebjerg Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark; Institute of Sports Medicine Copenhagen, Bispebjerg Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
In heart transplant (HTx) recipients, there has been reluctance to recommend high-intensity interval training (HIIT) due to denervation and chronotropic impairment of the heart. We compared the effects of 12 weeks' HIIT versus continued moderate exercise (CON) on exercise capacity and chronotropic response in stable HTx recipients >12 months after ...
Rössler Roland R Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, University of Basel, Birsstrasse 320 B, CH-4052, Basel, Switzerland, - - 2014
The promotion of sport and physical activity (PA) for children is widely recommended to support a healthy lifestyle, but being engaged in sport bears the risk of sustaining injuries. Injuries, in turn, can lead to a reduction in current and future involvement in PA and, therefore, may negatively affect future ...
Kim Yeon Soo YS Yeon Soo Kim, Bong Kil Song, Ji Sun Oh, Seung Seok Woo, Health and Exercise Science Laboratory, Institute of Sports Science, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, South - - 2014
To evaluate the benefit of aerobic exercise on colonic transit time (CTT) for psychiatric inpatients in a closed ward. Sixty consecutive adult inpatients of the Somang Hospital Psychiatry Unit (Eumsung-gun, South Korea), without CTT-related diseases or drug therapies, were recruited for study from March to June of 2012. Upon enrollment, ...
LoVerso Francesca F Dulbecco Telethon Institute; Venetian Institute of Molecular Medicine; Padova, Italy; Department of Biomedical Sciences; University of Padova; Padova, - - 2014
Physical activity has been recently documented to play a fundamental physiological role in the regulation of autophagy in several tissues. It has also been reported that autophagy is required for exercise itself and for training-induced adaptations in glucose homeostasis. These autophagy-mediated metabolic improvements are thought to be largely dependent on ...
Holland Anne E - - 2014
The 6-minute walk test (6MWT) is used to measure exercise capacity and assess prognosis in interstitial lung disease (ILD). Although the 6MWT is usually considered to be a test of submaximal exercise capacity in ILD, the physiological load imposed by this test is not well described and 6MWT outcomes are ...
Sabate Rotes Anna A Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minne, USA; Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
To describe and analyze the cardiopulmonary responses to exercise for patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) before and after pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) and compare our results with those in the literature. Between 1973 and 2012, 278 patients had a first-time PVR after TOF repair. During their evaluations, 76 ...
Losnegard T T Department of Physical Performance, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway - - - 2014
Cross-country skiers' VO2max is often measured during treadmill running. However, VO2max during treadmill skiing with the diagonal stride technique is higher, whereas it is lower during double poling, another classical style technique. How these values compare to VO2max during ski skating in elite cross country skiers is not known. Therefore, ...
Kelsey C R CR Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, - - 2014
The feasibility of symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) prior to allo-SCT was assessed in addition to the prognostic value of CPET-derived measures. CPET was performed prospectively on 21 patients with hematologic malignancies, with assessments of peak (for example, peak oxygen consumption, VO2peak) and submaximal (for example, ventilatory threshold (VT)) measures ...
Mohammadi Pirayeh P Department of Physical Therapy, Iran University of Medical Sciences , Tehran , - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: Idiopathic scoliosis causes respiratory muscles weakness and reduced exercise capacity. However, the mechanism of these symptoms is still unknown. The main objective of this study was to determine the intensity of respiratory muscle activity and exercise capacity in patients with idiopathic scoliosis in comparison with healthy people. Subjects: ...
Fowles Jonathon R JR Acadia University, Wolfville, Nova Scotia, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of enhancing support for physical activity counselling and exercise participation at diabetes centres in Nova Scotia on physical activity and exercise behaviours and clinical outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. In all, 180 patients at 8 diabetes centres ...
Taylor Nigel A S NA Centre for Human and Applied Physiology, School of Medicine, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW, 2522, Australia, - - 2014
The purpose of this review is to describe the unique anatomical and physiological features of the hands and feet that support heat conservation and dissipation, and in so doing, highlight the importance of these appendages in human thermoregulation. For instance, the surface area to mass ratio of each hand is ...
Rodríguez Diego A DA Pulmonology Department, Hospital del Mar, Institut Hospital del Mar d'Investigacions Mèdiques (IMIM), Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF), CIBERES,(ISIII), Barcelona, Spain; Pulmonology Department, Hospital Clínic i Provincial de Barcelona (ICT), CIBERES, IDIBAPS; Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
Both Interval (IT) and continuous (CT) exercise training results in an improvement of aerobic capacity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); however, their effects on cardiac autonomic function remains unclear. COPD patients were divided into two different groups according to training modality (IT or CT). Autonomic cardiac dysfunction ...
Sponder M M Cardiology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, - - 2014
It was suggested that endostatin, an angiogenic mediator, is influenced by physical exercise. We performed bicycle stress testing in 88 healthy non-smoking female and male individuals, divided into athlete and non-athlete groups. Serum endostatin and norepinephrine were measured at rest, after reaching maximum workload and after 20 min of recovery. At ...
Macedo Luciana Gazzi LG L.G. Macedo, PT, PhD, Physical Therapy, University of Alberta, 2-50 Corbett Hall, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G4, - - 2014
Current treatments for low back pain have small effects. A research priority is to identify patient characteristics associated with larger effects for specific interventions. To identify simple clinical characteristics of patients with chronic low back pain who would benefit more from either motor control exercises or graded activity. Randomized controlled ...
Kim Do Yoon do Y Fit. Life Inc., Suwon, - - 2014
We performed a study to determine the best appropriate wearing site of a triaxial accelerometer at different exercise speeds. We conducted an observational study with 66 healthy Korean adults (26 men and 40 women). Resting metabolic rate (RMR) before exercise, physical activity-related energy expenditure (PAEE) by cardiorespiratory gas analyzer and ...
Khan Muhammad M Department of Physiotherapy, Institute of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, - - 2014
To evaluate the effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) along with General exercises and General exercises alone in chronic low back pain. Total 54 patients with chronic low back pain who fulfilled inclusion criteria were recruited from Physiotherapy, Department of Alain Poly Clinic Karachi and Institute of Physical Medicine & ...
Panek Leah M LM Department of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, School of Public Health and Health Professions, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, - - 2014
Motivation to eat, or the reinforcing value of food, may be influenced by a number of factors, including physical activity. The purpose of these studies was to test the hypothesis that short-term moderate-vigorous intensity aerobic exercise would alter the reinforcing value of high (HED) and low (LED) energy density foods ...
Calatayud Joaquin J aLaboratory of Physical Activity and Health, Department of Physical Education and Sports, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain. bNational Research Centre for the Working Environment, Lersø Parkalle 105, DK-2100 Copenhagen, - - 2014
Electromyography (EMG) exercise evaluation is commonly used to measure intensity of muscle contraction. While researchers assume that biomechanically comparable resistance exercises with similar high EMG levels will produce similar strength gains over the long term, no studies have actually corroborated this hypothesis. This study evaluated EMG levels during 6-repetition maximum ...
Hebert Anders A Department of Cardiology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
Exercise intolerance is frequent among Fontan patients and an important determinant for quality of life. This study investigated the hemodynamic causes of impaired exercise capacity in Fontan patients with particular focus on the influence of stroke volume index (SVI) and heart rate (HR). In 38 Fontan patients, peak oxygen consumption ...
Ratamess Nicholas A NA Department of Health and Exercise Science, The College of New Jersey, Ewing, NJ - - 2014
The purpose of the present study was to quantify and compare the acute metabolic responses to resistance exercise protocols comprising free-weight, body-weight, and battling rope exercises. Ten resistance-trained men (age = 20.6 ± 1.3 yrs) performed 13 resistance exercise protocols on separate days in random order consisting of only one ...
Bradwell Arthur R AR School of Medicine, University of Birmingham, Birmingham (Drs Bradwell and Wright). Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the effect of acetazolamide (Az) on exercise performance during early acclimatization to altitude. Az (250 mg twice daily) or placebo was administered for 3 days in a double-blind, randomized manner followed by a rapid ascent to 3459 m in the Italian Alps. Twenty healthy adults (age range, 18-67 ...
Mohanty Sanghamitra S Texas Cardiac Arrhythmia Institute, St. David's Medical Center, Austin, Texas; College of Natural Sciences, University of Texas at Austin, - - 2014
Impact of catheter ablation on exercise performance, quality of life (QoL) and symptom-perception in asymptomatic longstanding persistent AF (LSP-AF) patients has not been reported yet. Sixty-one consecutive patients (mean age 62±13 years, 71% males) with asymptomatic LSP-AF undergoing first catheter ablation were enrolled. Extended pulmonary vein antrum isolation plus ablation ...
Zhang Feng F Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, China ; Hebei Provincial Orthopedic Biomechanics Key Laboratory, - - 2014
[Purpose] To investigate the effect of the five animals (wuqinxi) exercises on the lumbosacral multifidus. [Subjects and Methods] This study enrolled two groups of volunteers, 15 volunteers who did the five animals exercises, the experimental group, and 15 volunteers who did aerobic exercise (walking), the control group. Both before and ...
Kim Chul C Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
To confirm the improvement in arterial endothelial function by aerobic exercise training, flow-mediated dilation (FMD) was tested by ultrasonography. Patients who received percutaneous coronary intervention due to acute coronary syndrome were included. The patients who participated in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program were categorized as the CR group, and others who ...
Rolving N N Faculty of Health Sciences, Aarhus University═ż Department of Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy,Aarhus University - - 2014
The optimal type of exercise protocol in the physical rehabilitation of non-specific neck pain has not yet been established. Furthermore, the role of fear-avoidance belief in the maintenance of pain and disability has been highlighted. Research indicates that exercise may be a means to reduce fearavoidance belief, but evidence is ...
Villa Maria Pia MP Neuroscience, Mental Health and Sense Organs Department, Pediatric Sleep Disease Centre, S. Andrea Hospital, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Via Grottarossa 1035/1039, 00189, Rome, Italy, - - 2014
This study evaluated the efficacy of oropharyngeal exercises in children with symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA) after adenotonsillectomy. Polysomnographic recordings were performed before adenotonsillectomy and 6 months after surgery. Patients with residual OSA (apnea-Hypopnea Index, AHI > 1 and persistence of respiratory symptoms) after adenotonsillectomy were randomized either to a group ...
de Salles Painelli Vítor V School of Physical Education and Sport, University of Sao Paulo, Av Prof. Mello Moraes, 65-Butantã, São Paulo, SP, 05508-030, - - 2014
To investigate the effect of creatine (CR) supplementation on the acute interference induced by aerobic exercise on subsequent maximum dynamic strength (1RM) and strength endurance (SE, total number of repetitions) performance. Thirty-two recreationally strength-trained men were submitted to a graded exercise test to determine maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max: 41.56 ± 5.24 ml kg(-1) min(-1)), anaerobic ...
Rowland T T Baystate Medical Center, Pediatrics, Springfield, United - - 2014
Recent attention has been focused on possible unique features of the right ventricular response to exercise. This study investigated a) the responses of right ventricular cardiac dynamics and myocardial function to a standard bout of progressive cycle exercise in healthy young males, and b) the effect of level of aerobic ...
Naclerio Fernando F a Centre for Sport Science and Human Performance, School of Science, University of Greenwich, Medway Campus Central Avenue, Chatham Maritime, Kent ME4 4TB, - - 2014
Carbohydrate-protein-based multi-ingredient supplements have been proposed as an effective strategy for limiting the deleterious effects of exercise-induced muscle damage. This study compares the effects of a commercially available carbohydrate-protein supplement enriched with l-glutamine and l-carnitine-l-tartrate to carbohydrate alone or placebo on sprint performance, muscle damage markers, and recovery from intermittent ...
Jenkins Nathaniel D M ND 1Department of Nutrition and Health Sciences, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 211 Ruth Leverton Hall, Lincoln, NE 68583 2Department of Health, Sport, and Exercise Sciences, University of Kansas, Robinson Center, Rm. 104D, 1301 Sunnyside Avenue, Lawrence, Kansas - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of CLA supplementation in conjunction with 6 weeks of aerobic exercise training on the physical working capacity at the fatigue threshold (PWCFT), timed sit-ups, and the standing long jump. Thirty-three untrained to moderately trained men (mean ± SD; age = ...
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