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Losnegard T T Department of Physical Performance, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway - - - 2014
Cross-country skiers' VO2max is often measured during treadmill running. However, VO2max during treadmill skiing with the diagonal stride technique is higher, whereas it is lower during double poling, another classical style technique. How these values compare to VO2max during ski skating in elite cross country skiers is not known. Therefore, ...
Mohammadi Pirayeh P Department of Physical Therapy, Iran University of Medical Sciences , Tehran , - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: Idiopathic scoliosis causes respiratory muscles weakness and reduced exercise capacity. However, the mechanism of these symptoms is still unknown. The main objective of this study was to determine the intensity of respiratory muscle activity and exercise capacity in patients with idiopathic scoliosis in comparison with healthy people. Subjects: ...
Taylor Nigel A S NA Centre for Human and Applied Physiology, School of Medicine, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW, 2522, Australia, - - 2014
The purpose of this review is to describe the unique anatomical and physiological features of the hands and feet that support heat conservation and dissipation, and in so doing, highlight the importance of these appendages in human thermoregulation. For instance, the surface area to mass ratio of each hand is ...
Rodríguez Diego A DA Pulmonology Department, Hospital del Mar, Institut Hospital del Mar d'Investigacions Mèdiques (IMIM), Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF), CIBERES,(ISIII), Barcelona, Spain; Pulmonology Department, Hospital Clínic i Provincial de Barcelona (ICT), CIBERES, IDIBAPS; Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
Both Interval (IT) and continuous (CT) exercise training results in an improvement of aerobic capacity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); however, their effects on cardiac autonomic function remains unclear. COPD patients were divided into two different groups according to training modality (IT or CT). Autonomic cardiac dysfunction ...
Sponder M M Cardiology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, - - 2014
It was suggested that endostatin, an angiogenic mediator, is influenced by physical exercise. We performed bicycle stress testing in 88 healthy non-smoking female and male individuals, divided into athlete and non-athlete groups. Serum endostatin and norepinephrine were measured at rest, after reaching maximum workload and after 20 min of recovery. At ...
Macedo Luciana Gazzi LG L.G. Macedo, PT, PhD, Physical Therapy, University of Alberta, 2-50 Corbett Hall, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G4, - - 2014
Current treatments for low back pain have small effects. A research priority is to identify patient characteristics associated with larger effects for specific interventions. To identify simple clinical characteristics of patients with chronic low back pain who would benefit more from either motor control exercises or graded activity. Randomized controlled ...
Kim Do Yoon do Y Fit. Life Inc., Suwon, - - 2014
We performed a study to determine the best appropriate wearing site of a triaxial accelerometer at different exercise speeds. We conducted an observational study with 66 healthy Korean adults (26 men and 40 women). Resting metabolic rate (RMR) before exercise, physical activity-related energy expenditure (PAEE) by cardiorespiratory gas analyzer and ...
Khan Muhammad M Department of Physiotherapy, Institute of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, - - 2014
To evaluate the effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) along with General exercises and General exercises alone in chronic low back pain. Total 54 patients with chronic low back pain who fulfilled inclusion criteria were recruited from Physiotherapy, Department of Alain Poly Clinic Karachi and Institute of Physical Medicine & ...
Panek Leah M LM Department of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, School of Public Health and Health Professions, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, - - 2014
Motivation to eat, or the reinforcing value of food, may be influenced by a number of factors, including physical activity. The purpose of these studies was to test the hypothesis that short-term moderate-vigorous intensity aerobic exercise would alter the reinforcing value of high (HED) and low (LED) energy density foods ...
Calatayud Joaquin J aLaboratory of Physical Activity and Health, Department of Physical Education and Sports, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain. bNational Research Centre for the Working Environment, Lersø Parkalle 105, DK-2100 Copenhagen, - - 2014
Electromyography (EMG) exercise evaluation is commonly used to measure intensity of muscle contraction. While researchers assume that biomechanically comparable resistance exercises with similar high EMG levels will produce similar strength gains over the long term, no studies have actually corroborated this hypothesis. This study evaluated EMG levels during 6-repetition maximum ...
Hebert Anders A Department of Cardiology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
Exercise intolerance is frequent among Fontan patients and an important determinant for quality of life. This study investigated the hemodynamic causes of impaired exercise capacity in Fontan patients with particular focus on the influence of stroke volume index (SVI) and heart rate (HR). In 38 Fontan patients, peak oxygen consumption ...
Olah A A Semmelweis University, Heart and Vascular Center, Budapest, - - 2014
The role of physical exercise in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases has been well-described, even though elevations in cardionecrotic biomarkers after prolonged exercise (i.e. ultramarathon running) were observed. We aimed to establish and validate a rat model of acute exhaustive exercise and determine the biochemical, molecular biological, structural ...
Le Goff C C University Hospital of Liege (CHU), Clinical Chemistry, Liege, - - 2014
Galectin-3 (Gal-3) is well-known as a very interesting biomarker for heart failure and myocardial fibrosis. Gal-3 is a carbohydrate binding lectin produced by macrophages, upregulated in hypertrophied heart, emerging as an important mediator for fibrosis development and cardiac remodeling. We aimed to examine the evolution of Gal-3 in some endurances ...
Ratamess Nicholas A NA Department of Health and Exercise Science, The College of New Jersey, Ewing, NJ - - 2014
The purpose of the present study was to quantify and compare the acute metabolic responses to resistance exercise protocols comprising free-weight, body-weight, and battling rope exercises. Ten resistance-trained men (age = 20.6 ± 1.3 yrs) performed 13 resistance exercise protocols on separate days in random order consisting of only one ...
Bradwell Arthur R AR School of Medicine, University of Birmingham, Birmingham (Drs Bradwell and Wright). Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the effect of acetazolamide (Az) on exercise performance during early acclimatization to altitude. Az (250 mg twice daily) or placebo was administered for 3 days in a double-blind, randomized manner followed by a rapid ascent to 3459 m in the Italian Alps. Twenty healthy adults (age range, 18-67 ...
Mohanty Sanghamitra S Texas Cardiac Arrhythmia Institute, St. David's Medical Center, Austin, Texas; College of Natural Sciences, University of Texas at Austin, - - 2014
Impact of catheter ablation on exercise performance, quality of life (QoL) and symptom-perception in asymptomatic longstanding persistent AF (LSP-AF) patients has not been reported yet. Sixty-one consecutive patients (mean age 62±13 years, 71% males) with asymptomatic LSP-AF undergoing first catheter ablation were enrolled. Extended pulmonary vein antrum isolation plus ablation ...
Zhang Feng F Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, China ; Hebei Provincial Orthopedic Biomechanics Key Laboratory, - - 2014
[Purpose] To investigate the effect of the five animals (wuqinxi) exercises on the lumbosacral multifidus. [Subjects and Methods] This study enrolled two groups of volunteers, 15 volunteers who did the five animals exercises, the experimental group, and 15 volunteers who did aerobic exercise (walking), the control group. Both before and ...
Kim Chul C Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
To confirm the improvement in arterial endothelial function by aerobic exercise training, flow-mediated dilation (FMD) was tested by ultrasonography. Patients who received percutaneous coronary intervention due to acute coronary syndrome were included. The patients who participated in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program were categorized as the CR group, and others who ...
Rolving N N Faculty of Health Sciences, Aarhus University═ż Department of Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy,Aarhus University - - 2014
The optimal type of exercise protocol in the physical rehabilitation of non-specific neck pain has not yet been established. Furthermore, the role of fear-avoidance belief in the maintenance of pain and disability has been highlighted. Research indicates that exercise may be a means to reduce fearavoidance belief, but evidence is ...
Villa Maria Pia MP Neuroscience, Mental Health and Sense Organs Department, Pediatric Sleep Disease Centre, S. Andrea Hospital, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Via Grottarossa 1035/1039, 00189, Rome, Italy, - - 2014
This study evaluated the efficacy of oropharyngeal exercises in children with symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA) after adenotonsillectomy. Polysomnographic recordings were performed before adenotonsillectomy and 6 months after surgery. Patients with residual OSA (apnea-Hypopnea Index, AHI > 1 and persistence of respiratory symptoms) after adenotonsillectomy were randomized either to a group ...
de Salles Painelli Vítor V School of Physical Education and Sport, University of Sao Paulo, Av Prof. Mello Moraes, 65-Butantã, São Paulo, SP, 05508-030, - - 2014
To investigate the effect of creatine (CR) supplementation on the acute interference induced by aerobic exercise on subsequent maximum dynamic strength (1RM) and strength endurance (SE, total number of repetitions) performance. Thirty-two recreationally strength-trained men were submitted to a graded exercise test to determine maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max: 41.56 ± 5.24 ml kg(-1) min(-1)), anaerobic ...
Rowland T T Baystate Medical Center, Pediatrics, Springfield, United - - 2014
Recent attention has been focused on possible unique features of the right ventricular response to exercise. This study investigated a) the responses of right ventricular cardiac dynamics and myocardial function to a standard bout of progressive cycle exercise in healthy young males, and b) the effect of level of aerobic ...
Naclerio Fernando F a Centre for Sport Science and Human Performance, School of Science, University of Greenwich, Medway Campus Central Avenue, Chatham Maritime, Kent ME4 4TB, - - 2014
Carbohydrate-protein-based multi-ingredient supplements have been proposed as an effective strategy for limiting the deleterious effects of exercise-induced muscle damage. This study compares the effects of a commercially available carbohydrate-protein supplement enriched with l-glutamine and l-carnitine-l-tartrate to carbohydrate alone or placebo on sprint performance, muscle damage markers, and recovery from intermittent ...
Jenkins Nathaniel D M ND 1Department of Nutrition and Health Sciences, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 211 Ruth Leverton Hall, Lincoln, NE 68583 2Department of Health, Sport, and Exercise Sciences, University of Kansas, Robinson Center, Rm. 104D, 1301 Sunnyside Avenue, Lawrence, Kansas - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of CLA supplementation in conjunction with 6 weeks of aerobic exercise training on the physical working capacity at the fatigue threshold (PWCFT), timed sit-ups, and the standing long jump. Thirty-three untrained to moderately trained men (mean ± SD; age = ...
Alexanderson Helene H From the Department of NVS, Division of Physical Therapy, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge; Rheumatology Unit, Department of Medicine, and Department of Physical Therapy, Orthopedic/Rheumatology Unit, Karolinska University Hospital, Solna, Karolinska Institutet; Rheumatology Clinic, Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, Stockholm, - - 2014
To evaluate the outcome of resistive home exercise and its possible longterm influence on health, disability, and disease activity in patients with active polymyositis (PM) or dermatomyositis (DM). Nineteen patients with recent-onset PM/DM were included after introduction of high-dose prednisolone. They were assessed by independent assessors as to perceived health, ...
Randers Morten Bredsgaard MB a Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Copenhagen Centre for Team Sport and Health , University of Copenhagen , Copenhagen , - - 2014
Abstract The aim was to investigate performance variables and indicators of cardiovascular health profile in elderly soccer players (SP, n = 11) compared to endurance-trained (ET, n = 8), strength-trained (ST, n = 7) and untrained (UT, n = 7) age-matched men. The 33 men aged 65-85 years underwent a testing protocol including measurements of cycle performance, maximal ...
Tyler Timothy F - - 2014
Eccentric training of the wrist extensors has been shown to be effective in treating chronic lateral epicondylosis. However, its efficacy in the treatment of medial epicondylosis has yet to be demonstrated. The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a novel eccentric wrist flexor exercise added to ...
Balas Michele C MC 1Center for Critical and Complex Care, The Ohio State University, College of Nursing, Columbus, OH. 2Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine and Public Health, Section of Hospital Medicine, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN. 3Center for Health Services Research, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN. 4Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center, Tennessee Valley VA, Nashville, TN. 5Department of Pharmacy Practice, University of Nebraska Medical Center, College of Pharmacy, Omaha, NE. 6Department of Pharmaceutical and Nutrition Care, The Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE. 7Department of Biostatistics, University of Nebraska Medical Center, College of Public Health, Omaha, NE. 8Department of Adult Health and Illness, University of Nebraska Medical Center, College of Nursing, Omaha, NE. 9Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, Sleep, and Allergy, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE. 10Department of Anesthesiology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE. 11Department of Surgery, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE. 12Department of Adult Critical Care Services, The Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE. 13Department of Nursing Research and Quality Outcomes, The Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE. 14Department of Respiratory Care, The Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE. 15Department of Medicine, Division of Allergy, Pulmonary, and Critical Care Medicine, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN. 16Department of Psychiatry, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, - - 2014
The debilitating and persistent effects of ICU-acquired delirium and weakness warrant testing of prevention strategies. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of implementing the Awakening and Breathing Coordination, Delirium monitoring/management, and Early exercise/mobility bundle into everyday practice. Eighteen-month, prospective, cohort, before-after study conducted between ...
Kongtragul Jaruwan - - 2014
To compare the efficacy of pelvic floor muscle exercise with the concentration therapy versus pelvic floor muscle exercise alone after radical prostatectomy. One hundred thirty five patients were randomized into the intervention group that concentration therapy was added to Kegel exercise, and control group that was Kegel exercise only, using ...
Pastré Jean - - 2014
Adult patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) frequently have reduced exercise tolerance, which is multifactorial but mainly due to bronchial obstruction. The aim of this retrospective analysis was to determine the mechanisms responsible for exercise intolerance in patients with mild-to-moderate or severe disease. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing with blood gas analysis at ...
Boorsma Robert K RK Department of Human Health and Nutritional Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, - - 2014
Dietary nitrate supplementation with beetroot juice (BR) has received widespread attention as an ergogenic aid. However, recent evidence in well-trained cyclists has not consistently reported improved cycling economy or performance. The present study examined the effects of acute and chronic BR on VO2 during submaximal running and 1500 m time-trial ...
Spafford C C Sheffield Nordic Walking Research, Steps Physiotherapy and Circulation - - 2014
This was a randomized clinical trial to determine whether Nordic pole walking (NPW) is more effective in improving walking distance than a standard home exercise programme (HEP) in patients with intermittent claudication. Fifty-two patients with stable claudication were allocated randomly to a standard HEP or NPW group, and asked to ...
Grosset Jean-Francois JF CNRS UMR 7338, Biomécanique et Bioingénierie, Université de Technologie de Compiègne, 60205, Compiègne cedex, France, - - 2014
This study compared the effects of low vs. high intensity training on tendon properties in an elderly population. Participants were pair-matched (gender, habitual physical activity, anthropometrics, and baseline knee extension strength) and then randomly assigned to low (LowR, i.e., ~40 % 1RM) or high (High R, i.e., ~80 % 1RM) intensity resistance ...
Frederiksen Kristian S KS Memory Disorders Research Group, Danish Dementia Research Center, Department of Neurology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Physical exercise may modulate neuropathology and symptoms of Alzheimer's disease (AD). This pilot study assessed the feasibility of conducting a study of moderate-to-high intensity aerobic exercise in home-dwelling patients with mild AD. An uncontrolled preintervention-postintervention test design with a single group receiving the same intervention. A total of eight patients ...
Lee Annemarie L - - 2014
Exercise training is recommended for non-cystic fibrosis (CF) bronchiectasis, but the long-term effects are unclear. This randomised controlled trial aimed to determine the effects of exercise training and review of airway clearance therapy (ACT) on exercise capacity, health related quality of life (HRQOL) and the incidence of acute exacerbations in ...
Hinrichs Timo T Swiss Paraplegic Research, Nottwil, Switzerland; Department of Sports Medicine and Sports Nutrition, University of Bochum, Bochum, - - 2014
To evaluate in a sample of initially middle-aged municipal employees whether leisure time (LPA) or occupational physical activity (OPA) was associated with mobility limitation (ML) in old age. Prospective population-based follow-up. Municipalities in Finland. Public sector employees from the Finnish Longitudinal Study on Municipal Employees (FLAME) initially aged 44 to ...
Bachero-Mena Beatriz B Faculty of Sport, Pablo de Olavide University, Seville, - - 2014
The optimal resisted load for sprint training has not been established yet, although it has been suggested that a resistance reducing the athlete's velocity by more than 10% from unloaded sprinting would entail substantial changes in the athlete's sprinting mechanics. This investigation has evaluated the effects of a 7-week, 14-session ...
Aleksiev Assen Romanov AR Associate Professor, Head of the Clinic of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University Hospital "Aleksandrovska", Medical University in Sofia, - - 2014
Study Design. Randomized prevention trial.Objective. To compare the long-term effect of strengthening versus flexibility exercises and to evaluate the additional effect of abdominal bracing in recurrent low back pain.Summary of Background Data. No conclusions could be made regarding appropriate exercise types or parameters in recurrent low back pain. Abdominal bracing ...
Woo H-S HS Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Health and Welfare, Woosong University, Daejeon, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the muscle activity of the suprahyoid and infrahyoid muscles according to the number of Shaker exercise. The 19 experimental subjects were recruited and randomly assigned to the two experimental groups. The 1st experimental group performed Shaker exercise once a day, and 2nd ...
Gerrett Nicola N Loughborough Design School, Environmental Ergonomics Research Centre, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, LE113TU, UK, - - 2014
The study aimed to compare thermal sensation in response to a fixed warm stimulus across 31 body locations in resting and active males and females. Twelve males (20.6 ± 1.0 years, 78.1 ± 15.6 kg, 180 ± 8.9 cm, 34.4 ± 5.2 ml kg(-1) min(-1)) and 12 females (20.6 ± 1.4 years, 62.9 ± 5.5 kg, 167 ± 5.7 cm, 36.5 ± 6.6 ml kg(-1) min(-1)) rested in a thermoneutral (22.2 ± 2.2 °C, 35.1 ± 5.8 % RH) room whilst a thermal probe ...
Sells Patrick D - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of performance jewelry imbedded with both a hologram and negative ions on maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), VO2 at ventilatory threshold (VO2VT), or heart rate at ventilatory threshold (HRVT) measured via metabolic gas exchange. Eight males and 10 females (age = ...
Michaleff Zoe A ZA The George Institute for Global Health and Sydney Medical School, Sydney, NSW, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Evidence suggests that brief physiotherapy programmes are as effective for acute whiplash-associated disorders as more comprehensive programmes; however, whether this also holds true for chronic whiplash-associated disorders is unknown. We aimed to estimate the effectiveness of a comprehensive exercise programme delivered by physiotherapists compared with advice in people with a ...
Lee Jeonhyeng J Department of Physical Therapy, Daegu Health University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of stair walking training on balance ability of chronic stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] Forty stroke patients were allocated equally and randomly to an experimental group and a control group. The experimental group undertook 30 minutes of training therapy ...
Choi Hee Eun HE Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
To compare the rate of progression of de novo lesion between the cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and control groups. This is a retrospective observational study. Patients who received drug-eluting stent (DES) due to acute coronary syndrome were included as subjects. The CR group received eight weeks of early CR program, and ...
Scuarcialupi Maria Enedina Aquino ME Paraíba School of Medical Sciences, João Pessoa, - - 2014
To investigate the modulatory effects that dynamic hyperinflation (DH), defined as a reduction in inspiratory capacity (IC), has on exercise tolerance after bronchodilator in patients with COPD. An experimental, randomized study involving 30 COPD patients without severe hypoxemia. At baseline, the patients underwent clinical assessment, spirometry, and incremental cardiopulmonary exercise ...
Heine Martin M M. Heine, MSc, Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience and Center of Excellence for Rehabilitation Medicine, University Medical Center Utrecht and Rehabilitation Center De Hoogstraat, Rembrandtkade 10, 3583 TM, Utrecht, the - - 2014
BackgroundCardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) can be considered the gold standard for the assessment of cardiorespiratory fitness. Little is known about the criteria for maximal exercise testing in patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and how these criteria behave across different levels of neurological disability.ObjectiveThe objective of the present study was twofold: ...
Balachandran Sulakshana S Physiotherapy Department, The University of Melbourne, Carlton, Victoria, Australia (Ms Balachandran and Drs Lee, Denehy, and El-Ansary); and Department of Surgery, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia (Dr - - 2014
Following cardiac surgery via median sternotomy, patients are routinely advised to adhere to upper limb restrictions to prevent the development of sternal complications. However, there is no definitive evidence to support the clinical application of such restrictions. The purpose of this study was to investigate current physiotherapy practice regarding upper ...
Taveggia Giovanni G Professor/Physician, Habilita, Istituto Clinico Ospedale di Sarnico, Sarnico, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the application of analyzing treadmill, muscle strengthening, and balance training compared with a standard care intervention in patients with diabetic neuropathy. Twenty-seven patients, 63% female (mean ± standard deviations age, 72 ±9 years), with diabetic neuropathy randomly assigned to ...
Ruell Patricia A PA Exercise, Health and Performance Faculty Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, Lidcombe, P.O. Box 170, Sydney, NSW, 1825, Australia, - - 2014
We investigated the effect of exercise in the heat on both intracellular and extracellular Hsp72 in athletes with a prior history of exertional heat illness (EHI). Two groups of runners, one consisting of athletes who had a previous history of EHI, and a control group (CON) of similar age (29.7 ± 1.2 ...
Dundar U U Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, Kocatepe University, 03200, Afyon, Turkey, - - 2014
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic systemic inflammatory disease that affects mainly the axial skeleton and causes significant pain and disability. Aquatic (water-based) exercise may have a beneficial effect in various musculoskeletal conditions. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of aquatic exercise interventions with land-based exercises ...
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