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Results 251 - 300 of 934
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Ebadi Safoora S Department of Physiotherapy, Rehabilitation School, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of continuous ultrasound (US) plus exercise on the endurance of paravertebral muscles of patients with chronic non specific low back pain (CNSLBP). In this pilot, pretest-posttest study, 22 patients with CNSLBP participated. Patients received 10 sessions of treatment, including continuous ...
Hecksteden Anne A Institute of Sports and Preventive Medicine, Saarland University, 66123 Saarbrücken, Germany. - - 2013
The recent discovery of a new myokine (irisin) potentially involved in health-related training effects has gained great attention, but evidence for a training-induced increase in irisin remains preliminary. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine whether irisin concentration is increased after regular exercise training in humans. In a randomized controlled ...
Takahama Hiroyuki - - 2012
Background: The clinical significance and prevalence of exercise-induced ST elevation (ESTE) in non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NIDCM) patients are unknown. Methods and Results: We retrospectively examined 12-lead ECGs during cardiopulmonary exercise testing in 360 consecutive NIDCM patients (left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <45%) with narrow QRS. ESTE was defined as ≥1.0mm ST (J-point) ...
Chen Huei-Mein - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a stretching exercise program (SEP) on low back pain (LBP) and exercise self-efficacy among nurses in Taiwan. A total of 127 nurses, who had been experiencing LBP for longer than 6 months and had LBP with pain scores greater ...
Kim Jungjin - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of an unsupervised virtual reality (VR)-based exercise program on hip muscles strength and balance control in the elderly. DESIGN: Controlled cohort repeated-measures experimental design, a pilot study SETTING: University research laboratory PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-two ambulatory older adults from a local community INTERVENTION: The VR group (n ...
Lopez Marcos G - - 2012
Vasodilatory mechanisms controlling post-exercise or post-ischemic hyperemia are thought to be under redundant control and remain incompletely understood. A maximal metabolic stimulus evoked by ischemic exercise (IE) might limit redundancy by full activation of multiple pathways. We tested whether nitric oxide (NO) and/or prostaglandins contribute to the hyperemic response to ...
Pack Quinn R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Outpatient cardiac rehabilitation (CR) decreases mortality rates but is underutilized. Current median time from hospital discharge to enrollment is 35 days. We hypothesized that an appointment within 10 days would improve attendance at CR orientation. METHODS AND RESULTS: At hospital discharge, 148 patients with a non-surgical qualifying diagnosis for ...
Wheeler Amanda A - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) occurs following unaccustomed or intense bouts of exercise. The effects of DOMS peak at approximately 48 hours post-exercise and is DOMS is treated, albeit not highly successfully, in a variety of ways including the use of medication and therapeutic modalities. The objective of this ...
Mojtahedi Shima - - 2012
Gene expression in the rodent brain is dependent on exercise. However, our findings regarding this fact are inadequate. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of exercise intensity on changes in factors involved in neuronal differentiation and plasticity in the hippocampus of adult male rats. Thus, the ...
van Nunen Michiel P M - - 2012
It has been suggested that aerobic training should be considered in stroke rehabilitation programs to counteract detrimental health effects and decrease cardiovascular risk caused by inactivity. Robot-assisted treadmill exercise (using a Lokomat device) has the potential to increase the duration of walking therapy relative to conventional overground therapy. We investigated ...
Morris Amanda - - 2012
It is known that regular exercise improves both physical and mental health. This study sought to determine the impact of a fitness intervention on the levels of exercise and well-being of medical students. In 2011, the authors conducted a prospective cohort study involving medical students at the Johns Hopkins School ...
Sharma A - - 2012
The aim of this study was to establish the effects of core strengthening exercise program on trunk instability in response to vertical jump performances and static balance variables in volleyball players. As a core stabilization program aids in developing a stable spine over the pelvis and improves trunk stability this ...
Damianidou Labrini - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a common disease that is increasingly recognized among pediatric population. The exercise capacity of adults with OSAS has been demonstrated to be impaired, but there are no data about pediatric exercise response. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate cardiopulmonary response ...
Banks Laura - - 2012
PURPOSE: After the Fontan procedure, children exhibit reduced peak exercise capacity; yet, their sub-maximal exercise response remains unclear. This study sought to determine the relationship between sub-maximal and peak exercise capacity, and physical activity in Fontan patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study recruited 50 Fontan patients (59% males) with a median ...
Miller Emily M EM Virginia Tech-Wake Forest School of Biomedical Engineering and Sciences, Blacksburg, VA 24061, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to (1) compare trunk neuromuscular behavior between individuals with no history of low back pain (LBP) and individuals who experience exercise-induced LBP (eiLBP) when pain free, and (2) investigate changes in trunk neuromuscular behavior with eiLBP. Seventeen young adult males participated including eight reporting ...
Evans Harrison J L - - 2012
The aim of this study was to assess the sensitivity of a perceptually regulated exercise test (PRET) to predict maximal oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]O(2)max) following an aerobic exercise-training programme. Sedentary volunteers were assigned to either a training (TG n = 16) or control (CG n = 10) group. The TG performed 30 min of ...
Kushnir T - - 2012
AIM: To evaluate the effect of physical activity on the structural, morphological, and metabolic characteristics of the gastrocnemius muscle in familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) patients, utilizing quantitative (31)P magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), in order to elucidate the mechanism of their exertional leg pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven FMF patients suffering ...
Zacharakis Emmanouil D - - 2013
The progressive heart rate (HR) increase and stroke volume (SV) decline during prolonged constant-load leg exercise signifies cardiovascular drift (CVdrift); fluid replacement is known to minimize this phenomenon. Like their able-bodied counterparts (AB), paraplegic athletes undergo prolonged exercise during training and competition, which could result in CVdrift. The aim of ...
Soska Vladimir - - 2012
AIM: Both aerobic training (AT) and electromyostimulation (EMS) of leg muscles improve exercise tolerance in patients suffering from chronic heart failure (CHF). It was speculated that combination of both methods might have an additive effect. This study was performed to evaluate the effects of a combination of AT and EMS ...
Cho Jae-Ho - - 2012
Rifle shooting produces a sudden counterforce against the body thorough the anterior shoulder, which may produce a traumatic injury in soldiers. Posterior instability of the shoulder can occur in soldiers who practice rifle shooting. To the authors' knowledge, few reports have examined shooting-related injuries in soldiers.This article describes the case ...
Meucci Marco - - 2012
AIM: To compare the effects of 4 and 8 weeks of play-based, supervised exercise during summer break versus an unsupervised break on cardiovascular function in adolescent children. METHODS: Twenty-two subjects were divided into either a 4-week exercise group (age 10.1±1.3 years), an 8-week exercise group (age 9.4±1.7 years) or a ...
Mendes Thiago Teixeira - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a 6-week aerobic training period on the time to fatigue (t (lim)) during exercise performed at the maximal lactate steady state (MLSS). Thirteen untrained male subjects (TG; age 22.5 ± 2.4 years, body mass 72.9 ± 6.7 kg and VO(2max) 44.9 ± 4.8 mL kg(-1) min(-1)) performed a ...
Psilander Niklas - - 2012
Recent studies suggest that carbohydrate restriction can improve the training-induced adaptation of muscle oxidative capacity. However, the importance of low muscle glycogen on the molecular signaling of mitochondrial biogenesis remains unclear. Here, we compare the effects of exercise with low (LG) and normal (NG) glycogen on different molecular factors involved ...
Abdel-Aziem Amr Almaz - - 2012
The aim of this study was to examine the long-term effects of static stretching of the plantar-flexor muscles on eccentric and concentric torque and ankle dorsiflexion range of motion in healthy subjects. Seventy five healthy male volunteers, with no previous history of trauma to the calf that required surgery, absence ...
Lindberg Thomas T Department of Neuroscience, The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, and Karolinska Institute, SE-114 86 Stockholm, - - 2012
To determine whether regular interval training on a seated double-poling ergometer can increase physical capacity and safely improve performance towards maximal level in individuals with spinal cord injury. A total of 13 subjects with spinal cord injury (injury levels T5-L1) performed 30 sessions of seated double-poling ergometer training over a ...
Mucci Patrick - - 2012
The aim of this investigation was, first, to examine comparatively the changes in first and second ventilatory thresholds (VT(1) and VT(2) ) and, secondly, to compare with peak oxygen uptake (${\dot {\rm {V}}}_{{\rm O}_{{\rm 2}} {\rm peak}} $) changes following high-intensity interval training (HIT) in prepubescent children. Eighteen prepubescent children ...
Bjerkefors A - - 2012
This study aimed to evaluate biomechanics during seated double-poling exercises in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) and to compare these with those of able-bodied persons (AB). 26 participants volunteered for the study; 13 with SCI (injury levels C7-T12), and 13 AB. A seated double-poling ergometer (SDPE) was developed. 3-dimensional ...
Ismail Hashbullah - - 2012
The authors sought to conduct a systematic review comparing the effects of exercise training in heart failure patients taking β-blockers vs those not. A systematic search of exercise training trials in chronic heart failure patients that compared groups who took β-blocker medication or compared selective and nonselective β-blockers during exercise ...
Stensrud Silje S Research Unit for Musculoskeletal Function and Physiotherapy, Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark. - - 2012
Case series. Exercise is a viable treatment alternative to arthroscopic partial meniscectomy in patients with degenerative meniscus tears. No study has reported in detail the type of exercises, progression, tolerance, and potential benefit from an exercise therapy program in these patients who have not had surgery. This case report describes ...
Sato Noriaki - - 2012
Supervised cardiac rehabilitation provided at dedicated centres ameliorates exercise intolerance in patients with chronic heart failure. To correlate the amount of physical activity outside the hospital with improved exercise tolerance in patients with limited access to centre-based programs. Forty patients (median age 69 years) with stable heart failure due to ...
Turmel Julie - - 2012
Background: Cardiorespiratory disorders are common in athletes. However, these conditions are often underdiagnosed, which potentially results in impaired performance and increased health risks. The aim of this study was to evaluate, in a research setting, the prevalence of cardiorespiratory disorders in athletes in order to determine the potential value of ...
Liu Sam - - 2012
Aerobic exercise is recommended as a way to prevent hypertension. However, about 25% of individuals receive minimal antihypertensive benefits associated with chronic exercise training. Thus, we attempt to identify those "nonresponders" to chronic exercise on the basis of their blood pressure (BP) responses to acute exercise (single session). Our primary ...
Amor-Dorado Juan Carlos - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcome and probability of recurrence in a series of patients with unilateral idiopathic benign paroxysmal positional vertigo of the posterior canal (PC-BPPV) that were randomly treated by Brandt-Daroff exercise (B-D exercise) or by particle repositioning maneuver (PRM). STUDY DESIGN: Randomized prospective clinical trial. SETTING: Tertiary referral ...
Sherk Vanessa D VD Bone Density Research Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, - - 2013
Whole-body vibration (WBV) augments the musculoskeletal effects of resistance exercise (RE). However, its acute effects on bone turnover markers (BTM) have not been determined. This study examined BTM responses to acute high-intensity RE and high-intensity RE with WBV (WBV+RE) in young women (n=10) taking oral contraceptives in a randomized, crossover ...
Smith J Carson - - 2012
PURPOSE: Despite the well-known anxiolytic effect of acute exercise, it is unknown if anxiety reductions after acute exercise conditions survive in the face of a subsequently experienced arousing emotional exposure. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of moderate intensity cycle ergometer exercise to a seated rest ...
Peacock Oliver - - 2012
PURPOSE: To examine the effects of acute ingestion of dietary nitrate on endurance running performance in highly-trained cross-country skiers. Dietary nitrate has been shown to reduce the oxygen cost of submaximal exercise and improve tolerance of high intensity exercise, but it is not known if this holds true for highly-trained ...
Balshaw Thomas G - - 2012
Limited research examining the effect of taurine (TA) ingestion on human exercise performance exists. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of acute ingestion of 1,000 mg of TA on maximal 3-km time trial (3KTT) performance in trained middle-distance runners (MDR). Eight male MDR (mean ± SD: age 19.9 ± 1.2 years, body ...
Morales-Alamo David - - 2012
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a major mediator of the exercise response and a molecular target to improve insulin sensitivity. To determine if the anaerobic component of the exercise response, which is exaggerated when sprint is performed in severe acute hypoxia, influences sprint exercise-elicited Thr(172)-AMPKα phosphorylation, 10 volunteers performed a ...
Schommer Kai - - 2012
Physical exertion is thought to exacerbate acute mountain sickness (AMS). In this prospective, randomized, crossover trial, we investigated whether moderate exercise worsens AMS in normobaric hypoxia (12% oxygen, equivalent to 4,500 m). Sixteen subjects were exposed to altitude twice: once with exercise [3 × 45 min within the first 4 ...
Alves Christiano Rodrigues - - 2012
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of acute aerobic and strength exercises on selected executive functions. A counterbalanced, crossover, randomized trial was performed. Forty-two healthy women were randomly submitted to three different conditions: (1) aerobic exercise, (2) strength exercise, and (3) control condition. Before and after ...
Almada C - - 2012
Increased interleukin-6 (IL-6) plasma levels have been described to occur during physical exercise. A relative reduction in energy intake after physical activity has also been reported after exercise, indicating a possible involvement of IL-6 as an anorexigenic factor. Given the possible effect of interleukins on appetite, we assessed whether a ...
Moerch L - - 2012
Mechanical loading of human tendon stimulates collagen synthesis, but the relationship between acute loading responses and training status of the tendon is not clear. We tested the effect of prolonged load deprivation on the acute loading-induced collagen turnover in human tendons, by applying the same absolute load to a relative ...
Villanueva Matthew G - - 2012
ABSTRACT: We hypothesized that total body strength (S) and hypertrophic (H) resistance training (RT) protocols utilizing relatively short rest interval (RI) lengths between sets will elicit significant acute increases in total testosterone (TT) and cortisol (C) in healthy young men. 6 men, 26 (±2.4) years, completed 4 randomized RT sessions, ...
Rattray Ben - - 2012
There is limited understanding of the mitochondrial adaptation following repeated eccentric exercise bouts, a model resulting in muscle adaptation known as the repeat bout effect. It was hypothesized that downhill training would reduce mitochondrial calcium content (MCC) post an acute eccentric bout with concurrent improvements in mitochondrial respiratory function. Thirty-four ...
Gothe Neha - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Despite an increase in the prevalence of yoga exercise, research focusing on the relationship between yoga exercise and cognition is limited. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an acute yoga exercise session, relative to aerobic exercise, on cognitive performance. METHODS: A repeated measures design ...
Sanchez Anthony M J - - 2012
This study aimed to investigate the effects on a possible improvement in aerobic and anaerobic performance of oral terbutaline (TER) at a supra-therapeutic dose in 7 healthy competitive male athletes. On day 1, ventilatory threshold, maximum oxygen uptake [Formula: see text] and corresponding power output were measured and used to ...
Gusso Silmara - - 2012
To determine whether adolescents with type 1 diabetes have left ventricular functional changes at rest and during acute exercise and whether these changes are affected by metabolic control and diabetes duration. The study evaluated 53 adolescents with type 1 diabetes and 22 control adolescents. Baseline data included peak exercise capacity ...
Breitbach Sarah - - 2012
The phenomenon of circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) concentrations is of importance for many biomedical disciplines including the field of exercise physiology. Increases of cfDNA due to exercise are described to be a potential hallmark for the overtraining syndrome and might be related to, or trigger adaptations of, immune function induced ...
Hulke Sandip Meghnad - - 2012
participation in regular intensive exercise is associated with a modest increase in left ventricular wall thickness and cavity size. The magnitude of improvement depends on frequency, intensity, type, and duration of exercise program. to determine the effect of sports training on LV morphology and function, lung function, and to know ...
Fatima Nosheen - - 2012
The aim of this is to evaluate the negative predictive value (NPV) of a normal gated myocardial perfusion imaging (NGMPI) with exercise and dipyridamole in a propensity matched population. This is a prospective study conducted at Nuclear Cardiology Department of Karachi Institute of Heart Diseases, Karachi from December 2008 until ...
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