Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 945
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
van Koppenhagen Casper F CF Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and Rudolf Magnus Institute for Neuroscience, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands. - - 2013
To elucidate the course and determinants of wheelchair exercise capacity in spinal cord injury up to 5 years after discharge from inpatient rehabilitation, and to describe loss to follow-up. Prospective cohort study, with measurements at the start and discharge from inpatient rehabilitation, 1 and 5 years after discharge. A total ...
Myers Jonathan - - 2013
Screening programs and greater public awareness have increased the recognition of early abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) disease. No medical therapy has proven effective in limiting AAA progression, and little is known regarding the safety and efficacy of exercise training in these patients. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of up ...
Malliaras Peter - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Loading leads to tendon adaptation but the influence of load-intensity and contraction type is unclear. Clinicians need to be aware of the type and intensity of loading required for tendon adaptation when prescribing exercise. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of contraction type and load-intensity ...
Russo Nicola - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation plays a leading role in the management of aortic stenosis in patients with comorbidities but no data are available about cardiac rehabilitation in these subjects. This study aimed to compare safety and efficacy of an early, exercise-based, cardiac rehabilitation programme in octogenarians after a traditional ...
Roma Maria Fernanda Bottino - - 2013
To compare the effects of physical fitness and function on older adults in two programs of supervised exercise activity: resistance training and aerobic exercise. This study is a randomized, prospective clinical trial composed of sedentary elderly people who did not have contraindications to exercise. Participants were divided into two groups: ...
Hättasch Robert - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Galectin-3 is a new and promising biomarker for heart failure and myocardial fibrosis. Although endurance exercise is a crucial element in cardiovascular disease prevention, the relationship between exercise and plasma levels of galectin-3 is still unknown. To date, the relationship between regular exercise and myocardial fibrosis is not fully ...
Gawel Malgorzata - - 2013
The standard EMG is useful in diagnosis of myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) and type 2 (DM2), but it doesn't differentiate between the two. The aim of our study was to estimate the utility of the short exercise test (SET) and short exercise test with cooling (SETC) in differentiating between ...
Pitkälä Kaisu H KH Unit of Primary Health Care, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland. - - 2013
Few rigorous clinical trials have investigated the effectiveness of exercise on the physical functioning of patients with Alzheimer disease (AD). To investigate the effects of intense and long-term exercise on the physical functioning and mobility of home-dwelling patients with AD and to explore its effects on the use and costs ...
Weston Matthew - - 2013
PURPOSE: To quantify the effect of an 8-week isolated core training programme on selected ball and club parameters during the golf swing and also the variability of these measures. METHODS: 36 club-level golfers were randomly assigned to an exercise (n = 18) or control (n = 18) group. The exercise group participated in ...
Libardi Cleiton A - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the acute hormonal responses following two different eccentric exercise velocities. Seventeen healthy, untrained, young women were randomly placed into two groups to perform five sets of six maximal isokinetic eccentric actions at slow (30° s(-1) ) and fast (210° s(-1) ) velocities with 60-s ...
Nascimento Carla Manuela Crispim - - 2013
AIM: To assess the contribution of a multimodal exercise program on the sleep disturbances (SD) and on the performance of instrumental activities daily living (IADL) in patients with clinical diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease patients (PD). METHODS: A total of 42 consecutive patients (23 training group, 19 ...
Wylie Lee J - - 2013
Dietary supplementation with beetroot juice (BR) containing ~5-8 mmol of inorganic nitrate (NO3(-)) increases plasma nitrite concentration ([NO2(-)]), reduces blood pressure, and may positively influence the physiological responses to exercise. However, the dose-response relationship between the volume of BR ingested and the physiological effects invoked has not been investigated. In ...
Lee Dong Hoon - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study are to examine (1) the feasibility and efficacy of two different home-based exercise protocols on the level of physical activity (PA), and (2) the effect of increased PA via home-based exercise program on biomarkers of colorectal cancer. METHODS: Seventeen patients (age 55.18 ± 13.3 years) ...
Marshall Brendan Michael - - 2013
Abstract The drop jump is a popular form of plyometric exercise often undertaken to enhance countermovement jump ability (jump height). Despite its popularity the effects of drop jump training on countermovement jump height are often inconsistent. Such inconsistencies may be as a result of differences in the drop jump technique ...
Völkers Mirko - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The current study aimed to investigate the release of myocardial high-sensitive Troponin T (hsTnT) in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in response to maximal physical exercise. METHODS: In 24 patients with PAH, symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise testing was performed. hsTnT was measured by the novel hsTnT assay with a ...
Aamot Inger-Lise - - 2013
BACKGROUND: High-intensity interval training (HIT) as exercise therapy is gradually implemented in cardiac rehabilitation as the cardiovascular benefits from exercise is intensity dependent. However, in previous studies, HIT has been performed with strict supervision. The aim of the study was to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of different modes of ...
Dominelli Paolo B PB School of Kinesiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada. - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to characterize exercise-induced arterial hypoxaemia (EIAH), pulmonary gas exchange and respiratory mechanics during exercise, in young healthy women. We defined EIAH as a >10 mmHg decrease in arterial oxygen tension ( ) during exercise compared to rest. We used a heliox inspirate to test ...
Middlekauff Holly R HR Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, A2-237 CHS, 10833 Le Conte Avenue, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA. - - 2013
A skeletal myopathy, perhaps attributable to neuro-endocrine excitation or disuse, has been described in heart failure (HF) patients, and is thought to contribute to their exercise limitation. Our purpose was to assess biochemical and morphometric characteristics of skeletal muscles of HF patients on optimal HF therapy. A secondary purpose was ...
Wells Greg D - - 2013
Context:Turner syndrome (TS) is a chromosomal disorder occurring in approximately 1 in 2500 live births. Individuals with TS report lower levels of physical activity than healthy controls (HC). Cardiorespiratory limitations may contribute to the observed reduction in physical activity. Objective: The objective of this study was to compare muscle metabolism ...
Pandey S - - 2013
PURPOSE. To compare outcomes of different conservative treatments for flatfoot using the foot print index and valgus index. METHODS. 150 symptomatic flatfoot patients and 50 controls (without any flatfoot or lower limb deformity) aged older than 8 years were evaluated. The diagnosis was based on pain during walking a distance, ...
Park Seong-Doo SD Graduated School of Physical Therapy, Daejeon University, Daejeon, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to effects of abdominal draw-in maneuver and core exercise with 4 weeks using the musculoskeletal ultrasonography on muscle thickness and disability in subjects with low back pain. Twenty patients with nonspecific back pain (abdominal draw-in maneuver group: n= 10, core exercise group: n= 10) ...
Corcos Daniel M DM Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL, USA. - - 2013
The effects of progressive resistance exercise (PRE) on the motor signs of Parkinson's disease have not been studied in controlled trials. The objective of the current trial was to compare 6-, 12-, 18-, and 24-month outcomes of patients with Parkinson's disease who received PRE with a stretching, balance, and strengthening ...
Courtney Carol A - - 2013
STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study: cross-sectional. OBJECTIVE: To determine if proprioception, measured by the threshold to detection of passive movement (TDPM), differed in individuals who regularly participate in moderate intensity exercise for fitness as compared to individuals involved in high intensity skilled exercise. BACKGROUND: Previous research has been equivocal as ...
Saynor Zoe L - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Measuring aerobic fitness (V˙O2max) via a maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test is an important clinical tool in cystic fibrosis. This study sought to establish: (1) the validity of traditional criteria to verify maximal efforts during a ramp cardiopulmonary exercise test; and (2) whether V˙O2 measured during an exhaustive cardiopulmonary exercise ...
van Koppenhagen Casper F - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: 1) to identify different patterns of changes in wheelchair exercise capacity in the period between the start of active spinal cord injury (SCI) rehabilitation and five years after discharge; 2) to examine the pattern determinants of the change in wheelchair exercise capacity. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. Measurements at the ...
Nadeau Stephen E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: . After inpatient stroke rehabilitation, many people still cannot participate in community activities because of limited walking ability. OBJECTIVE: . To compare the effectiveness of 2 conceptually different, early physical therapy (PT) interventions to usual care (UC) in improving walking 6 months after stroke. METHODS: . The Locomotor Experience ...
Dalgas Ulrik - - 2013
The present study tested the hypothesis that lower body progressive resistance training (PRT) increases the neural drive expressed as surface electromyographical (EMG) activity in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). The study was a randomised controlled trial (RCT) including a 12-week follow up period. Thirty-eight MS patients were randomized to an ...
Kelly James - - 2013
PURPOSE: The power asymptote (critical power, CP) and curvature constant (W') of the powerduration relationship dictate the tolerance to severe-intensity exercise. We tested the hypothesis that dietary nitrate supplementation would increase the CP and/or W' during cycling exercise. METHODS: In a double-blind, randomized, crossover study, nine recreationally-active male subjects supplemented ...
Kressler Jochen - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To describe metabolic responses accompanying 4 different locomotor training approaches (LTA). DESIGN: Single-blind, randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Rehabilitation research laboratory, academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals with minimal walking function due to chronic motor-incomplete SCI. INTERVENTION: Participants (N=62) trained 5 days/week for 12 weeks. Groups were: treadmill-based LT with manual ...
Leibner Evan S - - 2013
Continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (cfLVADs) have been proven safe and effective for bridge-to-transplant and destination therapy (DT) in patients with advanced heart failure. However, the fixed pump speed of these devices may lack response to activity and oxygen demand, thereby limiting exercise tolerance. The objective of this observational study ...
Hoshikawa Yoshihiro - - 2013
ABSTRACT: The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of stabilization training on trunk muscularity and physical performances in youth male soccer players aged 12 - 13 yrs (n = 28). The subjects allocated to training (TG, n = 16) performed a stabilization exercise program consisting of ...
Fukuda Thiago Yukio - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Recent studies have shown that an early start of open kinetic chain (OKC) exercises for quadriceps strengthening in a full range of motion (ROM) could increase anterior knee laxity after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with flexor tendons. However, there are no clinical trials that evaluated outcomes of OKC exercises ...
Pagoto Sherry L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The present feasibility study describes engagement and spread of a Twitter-based core-strengthening challenge. METHODS: A challenge that entailed completing a core-strengthening exercise using a hashtag (#PlankADay) was circulated via Twitter. We surveyed users who joined during the first 2 months of the challenge to describe their characteristics, including social ...
Bedard Rebecca J - - 2013
To compare active hamstring stiffness in female subjects with and without a history of low back pain (LBP) after a standardized 20-min aerobic-exercise session. Case control. Laboratory. 12 women with a history of recurrent episodes of LBP (age = 22.4 ± 2.1 y, mass = 67.1 ± 11.8 kg, height ...
Gomes Silva Carlos André - - 2013
AIM: The effect of muscular training, abdominal massage and diaphragmatic breathing was compared with medical treatment in a prospective randomizedtrial of patients with chronic functional constipation. METHOD: Patients aged 4- 18 years old with functional constipation according to the Rome III criteria were randomized to physiotherapy or medical treatment. In ...
Johansson Karin - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and effect of a water-based exercise program on lymphedema status and shoulder range of motion among women with breast cancer-related lymphedema. DESIGN: This was a single-blinded, randomized controlled pilot trial. Twenty-nine eligible breast cancer survivors (median, 10 yrs after ...
Karamlou Tara T Division of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, Benioff Children's Hospital, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94506, USA. - - 2013
A bias favoring biventricular (BV) repair exists regarding choice of repair pathway for patients with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum (PAIVS). We sought to determine the implications of moving borderline candidates down a BV route in terms of late functional health status (FHS) and exercise capacity (EC). Between 1987 ...
Bi Xia - - 2013
To assess the effect of pelvic floor muscle exercise in patients with chronic low back pain. Adults (aged ≥18 years) with chronic low back pain (with or without radiculopathy) were randomized to undergo either routine treatment (ultrasonography, short wave diathermy and lumbar strengthening exercises; control group) or routine treatment with ...
Müller Jan - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: In several former studies, adolescents and adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) had a reduced exercise capacity even with defects considered to be simple. Currently, children might get better medical management and less restrictions concerning an active lifestyle or sports activities. The exercise performance of this new generation of ...
Yeh Yu Jie - - 2013
This study investigated plasma lipopolysaccharides (LPS) concentration and intestinal permeability after 60-min run at 70 % maximum oxygen uptake (VO(2max)) in hot [33 °C, 50 % relative humidity (rH)] and cool (22 °C, 62 % rH) conditions. Fifteen volunteers gave their informed consent to participate in this study. Their venous blood samples were taken before, ...
Inani Sumit B - - 2013
Low Back Pain (LBP) results in significant level of disability, producing significant restriction on usual activity such as an inability to work. Nearly two third of the adults are affected by non-specific low back pain at some point in their lives. The purpose of the study was to determine the ...
Simşek Hacer Hicran - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of Kinesio taping (KT) application added to the exercise treatment of subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS). Thirty-eight (25 female, 13 male) patients with SIS were randomly divided into therapeutic KT (n=19) and sham KT (n=19) groups. All patients received the same ...
da Luz Maurício Antônio MA - - 2013
Chronic low back pain is an expensive and difficult condition to treat. One of the interventions widely used by physiotherapists in the treatment of chronic non-specific low back pain is exercise therapy based upon the Pilates principles. Pilates exercises can be performed with or without specific equipment. These two types ...
Sung Paul S - - 2013
The level of disability and endurance of back muscles have been investigated, but there is conflicting evidence following specific exercise interventions for participants with recurrent low back pain (LBP). The purpose of this study was to compare the level of disability and slope of median frequency (MF) of thoracic and ...
Artistico Daniele - - 2013
The objective of the study was to develop a novel procedure to increase self-efficacy for exercise. Gains in one's ability to resolve day-to-day obstacles for entering an exercise routine were expected to cause an increase in self-efficacy for exercise. Fifty-five sedentary participants (did not exercise regularly for at least 4 months ...
Miranda Humberto - - 2013
The purposes of this study were to compare the repetition performance and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) in different exercises order of three resistance training (RT) exercises: bench press (BP), shoulder press (SP), and triceps extension (TE). Twelve trained men participated in this study (26.75 ± 2.49 years; 177 ± ...
Philp Andrew - - 2013
Performing exercise in a glycogen depleted state increases skeletal muscle lipid utilization and the transcription of genes regulating mitochondrial β-oxidation. Potential candidates for glycogen-mediated metabolic adaptation are the peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR) coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) and the transcription factor/nuclear receptor PPAR-∂. It was therefore the aim of the present study ...
Balsam Paweł - - 2013
Cardiac rehabilitation in patients after myocardial infarction (MI) is a component of secondary prevention that has an established role in the current guidelines. To determine the effect of physical training on exercise capacity parameters determined on the basis of cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) in patients after MI. We also evaluated ...
Mellor Adrian - - 2013
Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) is a common clinical challenge at high altitude (HA). A point-of-care biochemical marker for AMS could have widespread utility. Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) rises in response to renal injury, inflammation and oxidative stress. We investigated whether NGAL rises with HA and if this rise was related ...
Williams Paul T - - 2013
To assess the dose-response relationships between cause-specific mortality and exercise energy expenditure in a prospective epidemiological cohort of walkers. The sample consisted of the 8,436 male and 33,586 female participants of the National Walkers' Health Study. Walking energy expenditure was calculated in metabolic equivalents (METs, 1 MET = 3.5 ml O2/kg/min), which ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >