Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 897
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Mellor Adrian - - 2013
Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) is a common clinical challenge at high altitude (HA). A point-of-care biochemical marker for AMS could have widespread utility. Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) rises in response to renal injury, inflammation and oxidative stress. We investigated whether NGAL rises with HA and if this rise was related ...
Williams Paul T - - 2013
To assess the dose-response relationships between cause-specific mortality and exercise energy expenditure in a prospective epidemiological cohort of walkers. The sample consisted of the 8,436 male and 33,586 female participants of the National Walkers' Health Study. Walking energy expenditure was calculated in metabolic equivalents (METs, 1 MET = 3.5 ml O2/kg/min), which ...
Jeffs Kimberley J KJ Northern Health, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2013
To determine if a programme of progressive resistance exercise, mobilisation and orientation, in addition to usual care, was superior to usual care alone in the prevention of incident delirium in older hospitalised patients. A randomised controlled trial. The study was performed at a secondary referral hospital in Melbourne, Australia between ...
Morris Martyn M Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, - - 2013
The aim of this work was to explore the physiological and perceptual limits to exercise in children with varying degrees of motor impairment, and the relationships to measures of health. In a group comparison design, 35 boys aged 12-15 years completed the Movement ABC test for the assessment of motor ...
Hanson Coral L CL Department of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, University of Northumbria, Newcastle upon Tyne, - - 2013
Exercise on referral schemes (ERS) are widely commissioned in the UK but there is little evidence of their association with physical activity levels. We sought to assess the Northumberland exercise on referral scheme in terms of increased levels of physical activity and identify predictors of engagement. A naturalistic observational study. ...
Middaugh Susan S Department of Anesthesia & Perioperative Medicine, College of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina , - - 2013
Chronic or recurrent musculoskeletal pain in the cervical and shoulder region is a common secondary problem after spinal cord injury (SCI), reported by 30% to 70% of individuals. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of electromyographic (EMG) biofeedback training, in addition to a standard exercise program, ...
Telles Shirley S Patanjali Research Foundation, Patanjali Yogpeeth, Haridwar, 249405 Uttarakhand, India. - - 2013
Previous studies have separately reported the effects of physical exercise and yoga in children, showing physical, cognitive and emotional benefits. The present randomized controlled trial assessed the effects of yoga or physical exercise on physical fitness, cognitive performance, self-esteem, and teacher-rated behavior and performance, in school children. 98 school children ...
Yu Seong-Hun SH Gwangju Trauma Center, Gwangju, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of core stability-enhancing exercises on the lower trunk and muscle activity of stroke patients. The control group (n = 10) underwent standard exercise therapy, while the experiment group (n =10) underwent both the core stability-enhancing exercise and standard exercise therapy ...
Pekünlü Ekim E Coaching Education Department, Division of Movement and Training Sciences, School of Physical Education and Sports, Ege University, Bornova, İzmir, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the number of repetition maxima to volitional failure (RM) at 60%, 75%, 90% of 1RM and fatigue index (FI), a determinant of the muscular endurance level. Thirty four resistance trained male participants attended two testing sessions. The first session ...
Chung Sinho S Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Hanyang University Medical Center , Seoul, South - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of lumbar stabilization exercises using balls to the effects of general lumbar stabilization exercises with respect to changes in the cross section of the multifidus (MF), weight bearing, pain, and functional disorders in patients with non-specific chronic low back pain. ...
Jelinek Herbert F HF Australian School of Advanced Medicine, Macquarie University Sydney, NSW, Australia ; Department of Biomedical Engineering, Khalifa University of Science, Technology and Research Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates ; School of Community Health, Charles Sturt University Albury, NSW, - - 2013
Coronary artery events requiring intervention are associated with depressed cardiac autonomic function. Whether a 6-week cardiac rehabilitation (CR) differs in effectiveness in improving exercise capacity (6MWT), cardiorespiratory function (peakVO2), and autonomic function (HRV) following either cardiac bypass surgery (CABG) or percutaneous coronary revascularization (PCI) is unknown. The current study therefore ...
Azizan Azliyana A Faculty of Health Sciences, Puncak Alam Campus, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), 42300 Puncak Alam, Selangor, - - 2013
Background. This study determines the effects of a behavioral program on exercise adherence (step counts) and level of exercise self-efficacy (ESE) in community-dwelling older persons. Methods. Sixty-three participants (age = 63.8 ± 4.5 years) were enrolled in this controlled quasi-experimental study. They were divided into 3 groups: (1) EBG performed ...
Abdulsatar Farah F Child Health and Exercise Medicine Program, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, - - 2013
To evaluate the safety and feasibility of virtual reality (VR) exercise as a novel acute rehabilitation intervention in a Pediatric Critical Care Unit (PCCU) setting. Children aged 3-18 years with an anticipated PCCU stay > 48 hours, and baseline normal to moderate cognitive and functional disability were eligible. Exclusion criteria ...
Ebadi Safoora S Department of Physiotherapy, Rehabilitation School, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of continuous ultrasound (US) plus exercise on the endurance of paravertebral muscles of patients with chronic non specific low back pain (CNSLBP). In this pilot, pretest-posttest study, 22 patients with CNSLBP participated. Patients received 10 sessions of treatment, including continuous ...
Takahama Hiroyuki - - 2012
Background: The clinical significance and prevalence of exercise-induced ST elevation (ESTE) in non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NIDCM) patients are unknown. Methods and Results: We retrospectively examined 12-lead ECGs during cardiopulmonary exercise testing in 360 consecutive NIDCM patients (left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <45%) with narrow QRS. ESTE was defined as ≥1.0mm ST (J-point) ...
Chen Huei-Mein - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a stretching exercise program (SEP) on low back pain (LBP) and exercise self-efficacy among nurses in Taiwan. A total of 127 nurses, who had been experiencing LBP for longer than 6 months and had LBP with pain scores greater ...
Kim Jungjin - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of an unsupervised virtual reality (VR)-based exercise program on hip muscles strength and balance control in the elderly. DESIGN: Controlled cohort repeated-measures experimental design, a pilot study SETTING: University research laboratory PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-two ambulatory older adults from a local community INTERVENTION: The VR group (n ...
Lopez Marcos G - - 2012
Vasodilatory mechanisms controlling post-exercise or post-ischemic hyperemia are thought to be under redundant control and remain incompletely understood. A maximal metabolic stimulus evoked by ischemic exercise (IE) might limit redundancy by full activation of multiple pathways. We tested whether nitric oxide (NO) and/or prostaglandins contribute to the hyperemic response to ...
Pack Quinn R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Outpatient cardiac rehabilitation (CR) decreases mortality rates but is underutilized. Current median time from hospital discharge to enrollment is 35 days. We hypothesized that an appointment within 10 days would improve attendance at CR orientation. METHODS AND RESULTS: At hospital discharge, 148 patients with a non-surgical qualifying diagnosis for ...
Wheeler Amanda A - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) occurs following unaccustomed or intense bouts of exercise. The effects of DOMS peak at approximately 48 hours post-exercise and is DOMS is treated, albeit not highly successfully, in a variety of ways including the use of medication and therapeutic modalities. The objective of this ...
Mojtahedi Shima - - 2012
Gene expression in the rodent brain is dependent on exercise. However, our findings regarding this fact are inadequate. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of exercise intensity on changes in factors involved in neuronal differentiation and plasticity in the hippocampus of adult male rats. Thus, the ...
van Nunen Michiel P M - - 2012
It has been suggested that aerobic training should be considered in stroke rehabilitation programs to counteract detrimental health effects and decrease cardiovascular risk caused by inactivity. Robot-assisted treadmill exercise (using a Lokomat device) has the potential to increase the duration of walking therapy relative to conventional overground therapy. We investigated ...
Morris Amanda - - 2012
It is known that regular exercise improves both physical and mental health. This study sought to determine the impact of a fitness intervention on the levels of exercise and well-being of medical students. In 2011, the authors conducted a prospective cohort study involving medical students at the Johns Hopkins School ...
Sharma A - - 2012
The aim of this study was to establish the effects of core strengthening exercise program on trunk instability in response to vertical jump performances and static balance variables in volleyball players. As a core stabilization program aids in developing a stable spine over the pelvis and improves trunk stability this ...
Damianidou Labrini - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a common disease that is increasingly recognized among pediatric population. The exercise capacity of adults with OSAS has been demonstrated to be impaired, but there are no data about pediatric exercise response. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate cardiopulmonary response ...
Banks Laura - - 2012
PURPOSE: After the Fontan procedure, children exhibit reduced peak exercise capacity; yet, their sub-maximal exercise response remains unclear. This study sought to determine the relationship between sub-maximal and peak exercise capacity, and physical activity in Fontan patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study recruited 50 Fontan patients (59% males) with a median ...
Miller Emily M EM Virginia Tech-Wake Forest School of Biomedical Engineering and Sciences, Blacksburg, VA 24061, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to (1) compare trunk neuromuscular behavior between individuals with no history of low back pain (LBP) and individuals who experience exercise-induced LBP (eiLBP) when pain free, and (2) investigate changes in trunk neuromuscular behavior with eiLBP. Seventeen young adult males participated including eight reporting ...
Evans Harrison J L - - 2012
The aim of this study was to assess the sensitivity of a perceptually regulated exercise test (PRET) to predict maximal oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]O(2)max) following an aerobic exercise-training programme. Sedentary volunteers were assigned to either a training (TG n = 16) or control (CG n = 10) group. The TG performed 30 min of ...
Kushnir T - - 2012
AIM: To evaluate the effect of physical activity on the structural, morphological, and metabolic characteristics of the gastrocnemius muscle in familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) patients, utilizing quantitative (31)P magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), in order to elucidate the mechanism of their exertional leg pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven FMF patients suffering ...
Zacharakis Emmanouil D - - 2013
The progressive heart rate (HR) increase and stroke volume (SV) decline during prolonged constant-load leg exercise signifies cardiovascular drift (CVdrift); fluid replacement is known to minimize this phenomenon. Like their able-bodied counterparts (AB), paraplegic athletes undergo prolonged exercise during training and competition, which could result in CVdrift. The aim of ...
Soska Vladimir - - 2012
AIM: Both aerobic training (AT) and electromyostimulation (EMS) of leg muscles improve exercise tolerance in patients suffering from chronic heart failure (CHF). It was speculated that combination of both methods might have an additive effect. This study was performed to evaluate the effects of a combination of AT and EMS ...
Cho Jae-Ho - - 2012
Rifle shooting produces a sudden counterforce against the body thorough the anterior shoulder, which may produce a traumatic injury in soldiers. Posterior instability of the shoulder can occur in soldiers who practice rifle shooting. To the authors' knowledge, few reports have examined shooting-related injuries in soldiers.This article describes the case ...
Meucci Marco - - 2012
AIM: To compare the effects of 4 and 8 weeks of play-based, supervised exercise during summer break versus an unsupervised break on cardiovascular function in adolescent children. METHODS: Twenty-two subjects were divided into either a 4-week exercise group (age 10.1±1.3 years), an 8-week exercise group (age 9.4±1.7 years) or a ...
Mendes Thiago Teixeira - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a 6-week aerobic training period on the time to fatigue (t (lim)) during exercise performed at the maximal lactate steady state (MLSS). Thirteen untrained male subjects (TG; age 22.5 ± 2.4 years, body mass 72.9 ± 6.7 kg and VO(2max) 44.9 ± 4.8 mL kg(-1) min(-1)) performed a ...
Psilander Niklas - - 2012
Recent studies suggest that carbohydrate restriction can improve the training-induced adaptation of muscle oxidative capacity. However, the importance of low muscle glycogen on the molecular signaling of mitochondrial biogenesis remains unclear. Here, we compare the effects of exercise with low (LG) and normal (NG) glycogen on different molecular factors involved ...
Abdel-Aziem Amr Almaz - - 2012
The aim of this study was to examine the long-term effects of static stretching of the plantar-flexor muscles on eccentric and concentric torque and ankle dorsiflexion range of motion in healthy subjects. Seventy five healthy male volunteers, with no previous history of trauma to the calf that required surgery, absence ...
Lindberg Thomas T Department of Neuroscience, The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, and Karolinska Institute, SE-114 86 Stockholm, - - 2012
To determine whether regular interval training on a seated double-poling ergometer can increase physical capacity and safely improve performance towards maximal level in individuals with spinal cord injury. A total of 13 subjects with spinal cord injury (injury levels T5-L1) performed 30 sessions of seated double-poling ergometer training over a ...
Mucci Patrick - - 2012
The aim of this investigation was, first, to examine comparatively the changes in first and second ventilatory thresholds (VT(1) and VT(2) ) and, secondly, to compare with peak oxygen uptake (${\dot {\rm {V}}}_{{\rm O}_{{\rm 2}} {\rm peak}} $) changes following high-intensity interval training (HIT) in prepubescent children. Eighteen prepubescent children ...
Bjerkefors A - - 2012
This study aimed to evaluate biomechanics during seated double-poling exercises in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) and to compare these with those of able-bodied persons (AB). 26 participants volunteered for the study; 13 with SCI (injury levels C7-T12), and 13 AB. A seated double-poling ergometer (SDPE) was developed. 3-dimensional ...
Ismail Hashbullah - - 2012
The authors sought to conduct a systematic review comparing the effects of exercise training in heart failure patients taking β-blockers vs those not. A systematic search of exercise training trials in chronic heart failure patients that compared groups who took β-blocker medication or compared selective and nonselective β-blockers during exercise ...
Stensrud Silje S Research Unit for Musculoskeletal Function and Physiotherapy, Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark. - - 2012
Case series. Exercise is a viable treatment alternative to arthroscopic partial meniscectomy in patients with degenerative meniscus tears. No study has reported in detail the type of exercises, progression, tolerance, and potential benefit from an exercise therapy program in these patients who have not had surgery. This case report describes ...
Sato Noriaki - - 2012
Supervised cardiac rehabilitation provided at dedicated centres ameliorates exercise intolerance in patients with chronic heart failure. To correlate the amount of physical activity outside the hospital with improved exercise tolerance in patients with limited access to centre-based programs. Forty patients (median age 69 years) with stable heart failure due to ...
Turmel Julie - - 2012
Background: Cardiorespiratory disorders are common in athletes. However, these conditions are often underdiagnosed, which potentially results in impaired performance and increased health risks. The aim of this study was to evaluate, in a research setting, the prevalence of cardiorespiratory disorders in athletes in order to determine the potential value of ...
Liu Sam - - 2012
Aerobic exercise is recommended as a way to prevent hypertension. However, about 25% of individuals receive minimal antihypertensive benefits associated with chronic exercise training. Thus, we attempt to identify those "nonresponders" to chronic exercise on the basis of their blood pressure (BP) responses to acute exercise (single session). Our primary ...
Amor-Dorado Juan Carlos - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcome and probability of recurrence in a series of patients with unilateral idiopathic benign paroxysmal positional vertigo of the posterior canal (PC-BPPV) that were randomly treated by Brandt-Daroff exercise (B-D exercise) or by particle repositioning maneuver (PRM). STUDY DESIGN: Randomized prospective clinical trial. SETTING: Tertiary referral ...
Sherk Vanessa D VD Bone Density Research Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, - - 2013
Whole-body vibration (WBV) augments the musculoskeletal effects of resistance exercise (RE). However, its acute effects on bone turnover markers (BTM) have not been determined. This study examined BTM responses to acute high-intensity RE and high-intensity RE with WBV (WBV+RE) in young women (n=10) taking oral contraceptives in a randomized, crossover ...
Smith J Carson - - 2012
PURPOSE: Despite the well-known anxiolytic effect of acute exercise, it is unknown if anxiety reductions after acute exercise conditions survive in the face of a subsequently experienced arousing emotional exposure. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of moderate intensity cycle ergometer exercise to a seated rest ...
Peacock Oliver - - 2012
PURPOSE: To examine the effects of acute ingestion of dietary nitrate on endurance running performance in highly-trained cross-country skiers. Dietary nitrate has been shown to reduce the oxygen cost of submaximal exercise and improve tolerance of high intensity exercise, but it is not known if this holds true for highly-trained ...
Aoki Atsushi - - 2012
The present study was undertaken to determine whether acute exercise load alters serum retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) and numbers of endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) in diabetic subjects. Sixty-two subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus were enrolled in the present study. They were 50 males and 12 females with the ages ...
Balshaw Thomas G - - 2012
Limited research examining the effect of taurine (TA) ingestion on human exercise performance exists. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of acute ingestion of 1,000 mg of TA on maximal 3-km time trial (3KTT) performance in trained middle-distance runners (MDR). Eight male MDR (mean ± SD: age 19.9 ± 1.2 years, body ...
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