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Results 201 - 250 of 923
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Saynor Zoe L - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Measuring aerobic fitness (V˙O2max) via a maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test is an important clinical tool in cystic fibrosis. This study sought to establish: (1) the validity of traditional criteria to verify maximal efforts during a ramp cardiopulmonary exercise test; and (2) whether V˙O2 measured during an exhaustive cardiopulmonary exercise ...
van Koppenhagen Casper F - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: 1) to identify different patterns of changes in wheelchair exercise capacity in the period between the start of active spinal cord injury (SCI) rehabilitation and five years after discharge; 2) to examine the pattern determinants of the change in wheelchair exercise capacity. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. Measurements at the ...
Nadeau Stephen E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: . After inpatient stroke rehabilitation, many people still cannot participate in community activities because of limited walking ability. OBJECTIVE: . To compare the effectiveness of 2 conceptually different, early physical therapy (PT) interventions to usual care (UC) in improving walking 6 months after stroke. METHODS: . The Locomotor Experience ...
Dalgas Ulrik - - 2013
The present study tested the hypothesis that lower body progressive resistance training (PRT) increases the neural drive expressed as surface electromyographical (EMG) activity in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). The study was a randomised controlled trial (RCT) including a 12-week follow up period. Thirty-eight MS patients were randomized to an ...
Kelly James - - 2013
PURPOSE: The power asymptote (critical power, CP) and curvature constant (W') of the powerduration relationship dictate the tolerance to severe-intensity exercise. We tested the hypothesis that dietary nitrate supplementation would increase the CP and/or W' during cycling exercise. METHODS: In a double-blind, randomized, crossover study, nine recreationally-active male subjects supplemented ...
Kressler Jochen - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To describe metabolic responses accompanying 4 different locomotor training approaches (LTA). DESIGN: Single-blind, randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Rehabilitation research laboratory, academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals with minimal walking function due to chronic motor-incomplete SCI. INTERVENTION: Participants (N=62) trained 5 days/week for 12 weeks. Groups were: treadmill-based LT with manual ...
Leibner Evan S - - 2013
Continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (cfLVADs) have been proven safe and effective for bridge-to-transplant and destination therapy (DT) in patients with advanced heart failure. However, the fixed pump speed of these devices may lack response to activity and oxygen demand, thereby limiting exercise tolerance. The objective of this observational study ...
Hoshikawa Yoshihiro - - 2013
ABSTRACT: The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of stabilization training on trunk muscularity and physical performances in youth male soccer players aged 12 - 13 yrs (n = 28). The subjects allocated to training (TG, n = 16) performed a stabilization exercise program consisting of ...
Fukuda Thiago Yukio - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Recent studies have shown that an early start of open kinetic chain (OKC) exercises for quadriceps strengthening in a full range of motion (ROM) could increase anterior knee laxity after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with flexor tendons. However, there are no clinical trials that evaluated outcomes of OKC exercises ...
Pagoto Sherry L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The present feasibility study describes engagement and spread of a Twitter-based core-strengthening challenge. METHODS: A challenge that entailed completing a core-strengthening exercise using a hashtag (#PlankADay) was circulated via Twitter. We surveyed users who joined during the first 2 months of the challenge to describe their characteristics, including social ...
Bedard Rebecca J - - 2013
To compare active hamstring stiffness in female subjects with and without a history of low back pain (LBP) after a standardized 20-min aerobic-exercise session. Case control. Laboratory. 12 women with a history of recurrent episodes of LBP (age = 22.4 ± 2.1 y, mass = 67.1 ± 11.8 kg, height ...
Gomes Silva Carlos André - - 2013
AIM: The effect of muscular training, abdominal massage and diaphragmatic breathing was compared with medical treatment in a prospective randomizedtrial of patients with chronic functional constipation. METHOD: Patients aged 4- 18 years old with functional constipation according to the Rome III criteria were randomized to physiotherapy or medical treatment. In ...
Johansson Karin - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and effect of a water-based exercise program on lymphedema status and shoulder range of motion among women with breast cancer-related lymphedema. DESIGN: This was a single-blinded, randomized controlled pilot trial. Twenty-nine eligible breast cancer survivors (median, 10 yrs after ...
Karamlou Tara T Division of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, Benioff Children's Hospital, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94506, USA. - - 2013
A bias favoring biventricular (BV) repair exists regarding choice of repair pathway for patients with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum (PAIVS). We sought to determine the implications of moving borderline candidates down a BV route in terms of late functional health status (FHS) and exercise capacity (EC). Between 1987 ...
Bi Xia - - 2013
To assess the effect of pelvic floor muscle exercise in patients with chronic low back pain. Adults (aged ≥18 years) with chronic low back pain (with or without radiculopathy) were randomized to undergo either routine treatment (ultrasonography, short wave diathermy and lumbar strengthening exercises; control group) or routine treatment with ...
Müller Jan - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: In several former studies, adolescents and adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) had a reduced exercise capacity even with defects considered to be simple. Currently, children might get better medical management and less restrictions concerning an active lifestyle or sports activities. The exercise performance of this new generation of ...
Yeh Yu Jie - - 2013
This study investigated plasma lipopolysaccharides (LPS) concentration and intestinal permeability after 60-min run at 70 % maximum oxygen uptake (VO(2max)) in hot [33 °C, 50 % relative humidity (rH)] and cool (22 °C, 62 % rH) conditions. Fifteen volunteers gave their informed consent to participate in this study. Their venous blood samples were taken before, ...
Inani Sumit B - - 2013
Low Back Pain (LBP) results in significant level of disability, producing significant restriction on usual activity such as an inability to work. Nearly two third of the adults are affected by non-specific low back pain at some point in their lives. The purpose of the study was to determine the ...
Simşek Hacer Hicran - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of Kinesio taping (KT) application added to the exercise treatment of subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS). Thirty-eight (25 female, 13 male) patients with SIS were randomly divided into therapeutic KT (n=19) and sham KT (n=19) groups. All patients received the same ...
da Luz Maurício Antônio MA - - 2013
Chronic low back pain is an expensive and difficult condition to treat. One of the interventions widely used by physiotherapists in the treatment of chronic non-specific low back pain is exercise therapy based upon the Pilates principles. Pilates exercises can be performed with or without specific equipment. These two types ...
Sung Paul S - - 2013
The level of disability and endurance of back muscles have been investigated, but there is conflicting evidence following specific exercise interventions for participants with recurrent low back pain (LBP). The purpose of this study was to compare the level of disability and slope of median frequency (MF) of thoracic and ...
Artistico Daniele - - 2013
The objective of the study was to develop a novel procedure to increase self-efficacy for exercise. Gains in one's ability to resolve day-to-day obstacles for entering an exercise routine were expected to cause an increase in self-efficacy for exercise. Fifty-five sedentary participants (did not exercise regularly for at least 4 months ...
Miranda Humberto - - 2013
The purposes of this study were to compare the repetition performance and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) in different exercises order of three resistance training (RT) exercises: bench press (BP), shoulder press (SP), and triceps extension (TE). Twelve trained men participated in this study (26.75 ± 2.49 years; 177 ± ...
Philp Andrew - - 2013
Performing exercise in a glycogen depleted state increases skeletal muscle lipid utilization and the transcription of genes regulating mitochondrial β-oxidation. Potential candidates for glycogen-mediated metabolic adaptation are the peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR) coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) and the transcription factor/nuclear receptor PPAR-∂. It was therefore the aim of the present study ...
Balsam Paweł - - 2013
Cardiac rehabilitation in patients after myocardial infarction (MI) is a component of secondary prevention that has an established role in the current guidelines. To determine the effect of physical training on exercise capacity parameters determined on the basis of cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) in patients after MI. We also evaluated ...
Mellor Adrian - - 2013
Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) is a common clinical challenge at high altitude (HA). A point-of-care biochemical marker for AMS could have widespread utility. Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) rises in response to renal injury, inflammation and oxidative stress. We investigated whether NGAL rises with HA and if this rise was related ...
Williams Paul T - - 2013
To assess the dose-response relationships between cause-specific mortality and exercise energy expenditure in a prospective epidemiological cohort of walkers. The sample consisted of the 8,436 male and 33,586 female participants of the National Walkers' Health Study. Walking energy expenditure was calculated in metabolic equivalents (METs, 1 MET = 3.5 ml O2/kg/min), which ...
Jeffs Kimberley J KJ Northern Health, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2013
To determine if a programme of progressive resistance exercise, mobilisation and orientation, in addition to usual care, was superior to usual care alone in the prevention of incident delirium in older hospitalised patients. A randomised controlled trial. The study was performed at a secondary referral hospital in Melbourne, Australia between ...
Morris Martyn M Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, - - 2013
The aim of this work was to explore the physiological and perceptual limits to exercise in children with varying degrees of motor impairment, and the relationships to measures of health. In a group comparison design, 35 boys aged 12-15 years completed the Movement ABC test for the assessment of motor ...
Hanson Coral L CL Department of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, University of Northumbria, Newcastle upon Tyne, - - 2013
Exercise on referral schemes (ERS) are widely commissioned in the UK but there is little evidence of their association with physical activity levels. We sought to assess the Northumberland exercise on referral scheme in terms of increased levels of physical activity and identify predictors of engagement. A naturalistic observational study. ...
Middaugh Susan S Department of Anesthesia & Perioperative Medicine, College of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina , - - 2013
Chronic or recurrent musculoskeletal pain in the cervical and shoulder region is a common secondary problem after spinal cord injury (SCI), reported by 30% to 70% of individuals. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of electromyographic (EMG) biofeedback training, in addition to a standard exercise program, ...
Telles Shirley S Patanjali Research Foundation, Patanjali Yogpeeth, Haridwar, 249405 Uttarakhand, India. - - 2013
Previous studies have separately reported the effects of physical exercise and yoga in children, showing physical, cognitive and emotional benefits. The present randomized controlled trial assessed the effects of yoga or physical exercise on physical fitness, cognitive performance, self-esteem, and teacher-rated behavior and performance, in school children. 98 school children ...
Yu Seong-Hun SH Gwangju Trauma Center, Gwangju, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of core stability-enhancing exercises on the lower trunk and muscle activity of stroke patients. The control group (n = 10) underwent standard exercise therapy, while the experiment group (n =10) underwent both the core stability-enhancing exercise and standard exercise therapy ...
Pekünlü Ekim E Coaching Education Department, Division of Movement and Training Sciences, School of Physical Education and Sports, Ege University, Bornova, İzmir, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the number of repetition maxima to volitional failure (RM) at 60%, 75%, 90% of 1RM and fatigue index (FI), a determinant of the muscular endurance level. Thirty four resistance trained male participants attended two testing sessions. The first session ...
Chung Sinho S Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Hanyang University Medical Center , Seoul, South - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of lumbar stabilization exercises using balls to the effects of general lumbar stabilization exercises with respect to changes in the cross section of the multifidus (MF), weight bearing, pain, and functional disorders in patients with non-specific chronic low back pain. ...
Jelinek Herbert F HF Australian School of Advanced Medicine, Macquarie University Sydney, NSW, Australia ; Department of Biomedical Engineering, Khalifa University of Science, Technology and Research Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates ; School of Community Health, Charles Sturt University Albury, NSW, - - 2013
Coronary artery events requiring intervention are associated with depressed cardiac autonomic function. Whether a 6-week cardiac rehabilitation (CR) differs in effectiveness in improving exercise capacity (6MWT), cardiorespiratory function (peakVO2), and autonomic function (HRV) following either cardiac bypass surgery (CABG) or percutaneous coronary revascularization (PCI) is unknown. The current study therefore ...
Azizan Azliyana A Faculty of Health Sciences, Puncak Alam Campus, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), 42300 Puncak Alam, Selangor, - - 2013
Background. This study determines the effects of a behavioral program on exercise adherence (step counts) and level of exercise self-efficacy (ESE) in community-dwelling older persons. Methods. Sixty-three participants (age = 63.8 ± 4.5 years) were enrolled in this controlled quasi-experimental study. They were divided into 3 groups: (1) EBG performed ...
Abdulsatar Farah F Child Health and Exercise Medicine Program, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, - - 2013
To evaluate the safety and feasibility of virtual reality (VR) exercise as a novel acute rehabilitation intervention in a Pediatric Critical Care Unit (PCCU) setting. Children aged 3-18 years with an anticipated PCCU stay > 48 hours, and baseline normal to moderate cognitive and functional disability were eligible. Exclusion criteria ...
Ebadi Safoora S Department of Physiotherapy, Rehabilitation School, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of continuous ultrasound (US) plus exercise on the endurance of paravertebral muscles of patients with chronic non specific low back pain (CNSLBP). In this pilot, pretest-posttest study, 22 patients with CNSLBP participated. Patients received 10 sessions of treatment, including continuous ...
Takahama Hiroyuki - - 2012
Background: The clinical significance and prevalence of exercise-induced ST elevation (ESTE) in non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NIDCM) patients are unknown. Methods and Results: We retrospectively examined 12-lead ECGs during cardiopulmonary exercise testing in 360 consecutive NIDCM patients (left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <45%) with narrow QRS. ESTE was defined as ≥1.0mm ST (J-point) ...
Chen Huei-Mein - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a stretching exercise program (SEP) on low back pain (LBP) and exercise self-efficacy among nurses in Taiwan. A total of 127 nurses, who had been experiencing LBP for longer than 6 months and had LBP with pain scores greater ...
Kim Jungjin - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of an unsupervised virtual reality (VR)-based exercise program on hip muscles strength and balance control in the elderly. DESIGN: Controlled cohort repeated-measures experimental design, a pilot study SETTING: University research laboratory PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-two ambulatory older adults from a local community INTERVENTION: The VR group (n ...
Lopez Marcos G - - 2012
Vasodilatory mechanisms controlling post-exercise or post-ischemic hyperemia are thought to be under redundant control and remain incompletely understood. A maximal metabolic stimulus evoked by ischemic exercise (IE) might limit redundancy by full activation of multiple pathways. We tested whether nitric oxide (NO) and/or prostaglandins contribute to the hyperemic response to ...
Pack Quinn R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Outpatient cardiac rehabilitation (CR) decreases mortality rates but is underutilized. Current median time from hospital discharge to enrollment is 35 days. We hypothesized that an appointment within 10 days would improve attendance at CR orientation. METHODS AND RESULTS: At hospital discharge, 148 patients with a non-surgical qualifying diagnosis for ...
Wheeler Amanda A - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) occurs following unaccustomed or intense bouts of exercise. The effects of DOMS peak at approximately 48 hours post-exercise and is DOMS is treated, albeit not highly successfully, in a variety of ways including the use of medication and therapeutic modalities. The objective of this ...
Mojtahedi Shima - - 2012
Gene expression in the rodent brain is dependent on exercise. However, our findings regarding this fact are inadequate. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of exercise intensity on changes in factors involved in neuronal differentiation and plasticity in the hippocampus of adult male rats. Thus, the ...
van Nunen Michiel P M - - 2012
It has been suggested that aerobic training should be considered in stroke rehabilitation programs to counteract detrimental health effects and decrease cardiovascular risk caused by inactivity. Robot-assisted treadmill exercise (using a Lokomat device) has the potential to increase the duration of walking therapy relative to conventional overground therapy. We investigated ...
Morris Amanda - - 2012
It is known that regular exercise improves both physical and mental health. This study sought to determine the impact of a fitness intervention on the levels of exercise and well-being of medical students. In 2011, the authors conducted a prospective cohort study involving medical students at the Johns Hopkins School ...
Sharma A - - 2012
The aim of this study was to establish the effects of core strengthening exercise program on trunk instability in response to vertical jump performances and static balance variables in volleyball players. As a core stabilization program aids in developing a stable spine over the pelvis and improves trunk stability this ...
Damianidou Labrini - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a common disease that is increasingly recognized among pediatric population. The exercise capacity of adults with OSAS has been demonstrated to be impaired, but there are no data about pediatric exercise response. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate cardiopulmonary response ...
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