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Results 151 - 200 of 911
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Nolan P B - - 2013
We sought to determine the incidence of V˙O2 plateau at V˙O2max in a cardiovascular-diseased (CVD) population using 4 different sampling intervals (15-breath moving average, 15 s, 30 s, and 60 s) and 3 different V˙O2 plateau criteria (≤50 mL · min-1, ≤80 mL · min-1, and ≤150 mL · min-1). ...
Aluko Augustine - - 2013
The purpose of this preliminary study was demonstrate if it was feasible to evaluate variations in acceleration of trunk movement, pain, and disability during an episode of acute nonspecific low back pain comparing regular trunk exercises to regular exercises in addition to core stability exercises. A pilot randomized controlled trial ...
Katz Maya - - 2013
Focal task-specific dystonia of the lower extremity associated with intense repetitive exercise has recently been recognized. The clinical course, treatment response and prognosis remain poorly understood. Individuals with lower extremity task-specific dystonia evaluated at UCSF's Movement Disorders Center (2004-2012) were eligible for this descriptive case study series if he/she had ...
Baynard Tracy - - 2013
Type 2 diabetes is associated with poor exercise tolerance and peak aerobic capacity (VO2peak) even when compared to obese non-diabetic peers. Exercise training studies have demonstrated improvements in VO2peak among T2D, yet there is a large amount of variability in this response. Recent evidence suggests that cardiac autonomic modulation may ...
Toth Cory - - 2013
Some forms of chronic pain are receptive to exercise therapy for maintenance of pain relief. We evaluated the impact of a balanced exercise program in the management of human peripheral neuropathic pain compared with an educational intervention. This was a single-center, randomized, single-blind, controlled study using an intention-to-treat protocol. Patients ...
Pleguezuelos Eulogio - - 2013
Even after a rehabilitation program, levels of physical activity in COPD progressively decrease unless strategies to encourage activity are implemented. We analyzed the effects of the implementation of urban walking circuits on levels of physical activity and exercise capacity of patients with severe and very severe COPD after a rehabilitation ...
Feltham M G - - 2013
Background: Guidelines for optimal exercise doses in people with multiple sclerosis (MS) have to be established. We need to ascertain the basic physiological and perceptual response and adaptation to different exercise doses in this clinical population. Aim: The aim of this paper was to explore the response during maximal and ...
Yu C-C CC Institute for Medicine and Engineering, University of Pennsylvania, 1010 Vagelos Research Laboratories, 3340 Smith Walk, Philadelphia, PA, 19104 - - 2013
Plasma gelsolin (pGSN) produced by muscle is an abundant protein of extracellular fluids capable of severing actin filaments and eliminating actin from the circulation. Additionally, pGSN modulates the cellular effects of some bioactive lipids. In this study we test the hypothesis that hormonal and metabolic adaptations to exercise are associated ...
Faoro Vitalie - - 2013
Tibetans have been reported to present with a unique phenotypic adaptation to high altitude characterized by higher resting ventilation (VE) and arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2), no excessive polycythemia and lower pulmonary artery pressures (Ppa) compared to other high altitude populations. How this affects exercise capacity is not exactly known. We ...
Munters Li Alemo - - 2013
Objective. To determine the effects of a 12-week endurance exercise program on health, disability, VO2 max and disease activity, in a multicenter randomized controlled trial (RCT) in patients with established polymyositis (PM) and dermatomyositis (DM), and to evaluate health and disability in a 1-year open extension study. Methods. Patients were ...
Bizzini Mario - - 2013
Abstract The aim of the study was to examine the post-exercise effects of the "FIFA 11+" on various physical performance and physiological variables, to understand whether this programme is an appropriate warm-up for football players. Results were compared with the literature using a meta-analytical approach. Twenty amateur male football players ...
Leifer Eric S - - 2013
Aerobic exercise training has been used in patients with stable heart failure (HF) to reduce the risk of clinical events. However, due to patient heterogeneity, some patients may experience a decrease in functional capacity due to such training. The purpose of this study was to estimate the proportion of HF ...
Argula Rahul G - - 2013
Advanced heterogeneous emphysema with hyperinflation impacts exercise tolerance in COPD. Bronchoscopic lung volume reduction (BLVR) using Zephyr® endobronchial valves (EBV) has been shown to improve lung function in patients with heterogeneous emphysema. It is unclear whether the target lobe perfusion of patients receiving EBV therapy impacts exercise tolerance as measured ...
Afolabi Gbenga - - 2013
Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) services often are used for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This study describes the development and evaluation of a tiered service in North Tyneside, United Kingdom, which aimed to increase access to PR without negatively affecting clinical outcomes. Data were collected retrospectively. Subjects, identified as ...
Malacko Julijan - - 2013
In modern training technology, assessment of aerobic bioenergetic potential in athletes is commonly performed by standard laboratory procedures to determine basic or specific functional abilities for specific sport activity or discipline. The aim of study was to assess the aerobic bioenergetic potential of athletes participating in basketball, football and handball. ...
van Koppenhagen Casper F CF Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and Rudolf Magnus Institute for Neuroscience, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands. - - 2013
To elucidate the course and determinants of wheelchair exercise capacity in spinal cord injury up to 5 years after discharge from inpatient rehabilitation, and to describe loss to follow-up. Prospective cohort study, with measurements at the start and discharge from inpatient rehabilitation, 1 and 5 years after discharge. A total ...
Myers Jonathan - - 2013
Screening programs and greater public awareness have increased the recognition of early abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) disease. No medical therapy has proven effective in limiting AAA progression, and little is known regarding the safety and efficacy of exercise training in these patients. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of up ...
Malliaras Peter - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Loading leads to tendon adaptation but the influence of load-intensity and contraction type is unclear. Clinicians need to be aware of the type and intensity of loading required for tendon adaptation when prescribing exercise. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of contraction type and load-intensity ...
Russo Nicola - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation plays a leading role in the management of aortic stenosis in patients with comorbidities but no data are available about cardiac rehabilitation in these subjects. This study aimed to compare safety and efficacy of an early, exercise-based, cardiac rehabilitation programme in octogenarians after a traditional ...
Roma Maria Fernanda Bottino - - 2013
To compare the effects of physical fitness and function on older adults in two programs of supervised exercise activity: resistance training and aerobic exercise. This study is a randomized, prospective clinical trial composed of sedentary elderly people who did not have contraindications to exercise. Participants were divided into two groups: ...
Hättasch Robert - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Galectin-3 is a new and promising biomarker for heart failure and myocardial fibrosis. Although endurance exercise is a crucial element in cardiovascular disease prevention, the relationship between exercise and plasma levels of galectin-3 is still unknown. To date, the relationship between regular exercise and myocardial fibrosis is not fully ...
Gawel Malgorzata - - 2013
The standard EMG is useful in diagnosis of myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) and type 2 (DM2), but it doesn't differentiate between the two. The aim of our study was to estimate the utility of the short exercise test (SET) and short exercise test with cooling (SETC) in differentiating between ...
Pitkälä Kaisu H KH Unit of Primary Health Care, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland. - - 2013
Few rigorous clinical trials have investigated the effectiveness of exercise on the physical functioning of patients with Alzheimer disease (AD). To investigate the effects of intense and long-term exercise on the physical functioning and mobility of home-dwelling patients with AD and to explore its effects on the use and costs ...
Weston Matthew - - 2013
PURPOSE: To quantify the effect of an 8-week isolated core training programme on selected ball and club parameters during the golf swing and also the variability of these measures. METHODS: 36 club-level golfers were randomly assigned to an exercise (n = 18) or control (n = 18) group. The exercise group participated in ...
Libardi Cleiton A - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the acute hormonal responses following two different eccentric exercise velocities. Seventeen healthy, untrained, young women were randomly placed into two groups to perform five sets of six maximal isokinetic eccentric actions at slow (30° s(-1) ) and fast (210° s(-1) ) velocities with 60-s ...
Nascimento Carla Manuela Crispim - - 2013
AIM: To assess the contribution of a multimodal exercise program on the sleep disturbances (SD) and on the performance of instrumental activities daily living (IADL) in patients with clinical diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease patients (PD). METHODS: A total of 42 consecutive patients (23 training group, 19 ...
Wylie Lee J - - 2013
Dietary supplementation with beetroot juice (BR) containing ~5-8 mmol of inorganic nitrate (NO3(-)) increases plasma nitrite concentration ([NO2(-)]), reduces blood pressure, and may positively influence the physiological responses to exercise. However, the dose-response relationship between the volume of BR ingested and the physiological effects invoked has not been investigated. In ...
Lee Dong Hoon - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study are to examine (1) the feasibility and efficacy of two different home-based exercise protocols on the level of physical activity (PA), and (2) the effect of increased PA via home-based exercise program on biomarkers of colorectal cancer. METHODS: Seventeen patients (age 55.18 ± 13.3 years) ...
Marshall Brendan Michael - - 2013
Abstract The drop jump is a popular form of plyometric exercise often undertaken to enhance countermovement jump ability (jump height). Despite its popularity the effects of drop jump training on countermovement jump height are often inconsistent. Such inconsistencies may be as a result of differences in the drop jump technique ...
Völkers Mirko - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The current study aimed to investigate the release of myocardial high-sensitive Troponin T (hsTnT) in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in response to maximal physical exercise. METHODS: In 24 patients with PAH, symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise testing was performed. hsTnT was measured by the novel hsTnT assay with a ...
Aamot Inger-Lise - - 2013
BACKGROUND: High-intensity interval training (HIT) as exercise therapy is gradually implemented in cardiac rehabilitation as the cardiovascular benefits from exercise is intensity dependent. However, in previous studies, HIT has been performed with strict supervision. The aim of the study was to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of different modes of ...
Dominelli Paolo B PB School of Kinesiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada. - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to characterize exercise-induced arterial hypoxaemia (EIAH), pulmonary gas exchange and respiratory mechanics during exercise, in young healthy women. We defined EIAH as a >10 mmHg decrease in arterial oxygen tension ( ) during exercise compared to rest. We used a heliox inspirate to test ...
Middlekauff Holly R HR Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, A2-237 CHS, 10833 Le Conte Avenue, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA. - - 2013
A skeletal myopathy, perhaps attributable to neuro-endocrine excitation or disuse, has been described in heart failure (HF) patients, and is thought to contribute to their exercise limitation. Our purpose was to assess biochemical and morphometric characteristics of skeletal muscles of HF patients on optimal HF therapy. A secondary purpose was ...
Wells Greg D - - 2013
Context:Turner syndrome (TS) is a chromosomal disorder occurring in approximately 1 in 2500 live births. Individuals with TS report lower levels of physical activity than healthy controls (HC). Cardiorespiratory limitations may contribute to the observed reduction in physical activity. Objective: The objective of this study was to compare muscle metabolism ...
Pandey S - - 2013
PURPOSE. To compare outcomes of different conservative treatments for flatfoot using the foot print index and valgus index. METHODS. 150 symptomatic flatfoot patients and 50 controls (without any flatfoot or lower limb deformity) aged older than 8 years were evaluated. The diagnosis was based on pain during walking a distance, ...
Park Seong-Doo SD Graduated School of Physical Therapy, Daejeon University, Daejeon, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to effects of abdominal draw-in maneuver and core exercise with 4 weeks using the musculoskeletal ultrasonography on muscle thickness and disability in subjects with low back pain. Twenty patients with nonspecific back pain (abdominal draw-in maneuver group: n= 10, core exercise group: n= 10) ...
Corcos Daniel M DM Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL, USA. - - 2013
The effects of progressive resistance exercise (PRE) on the motor signs of Parkinson's disease have not been studied in controlled trials. The objective of the current trial was to compare 6-, 12-, 18-, and 24-month outcomes of patients with Parkinson's disease who received PRE with a stretching, balance, and strengthening ...
Courtney Carol A - - 2013
STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study: cross-sectional. OBJECTIVE: To determine if proprioception, measured by the threshold to detection of passive movement (TDPM), differed in individuals who regularly participate in moderate intensity exercise for fitness as compared to individuals involved in high intensity skilled exercise. BACKGROUND: Previous research has been equivocal as ...
Saynor Zoe L - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Measuring aerobic fitness (V˙O2max) via a maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test is an important clinical tool in cystic fibrosis. This study sought to establish: (1) the validity of traditional criteria to verify maximal efforts during a ramp cardiopulmonary exercise test; and (2) whether V˙O2 measured during an exhaustive cardiopulmonary exercise ...
van Koppenhagen Casper F - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: 1) to identify different patterns of changes in wheelchair exercise capacity in the period between the start of active spinal cord injury (SCI) rehabilitation and five years after discharge; 2) to examine the pattern determinants of the change in wheelchair exercise capacity. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. Measurements at the ...
Nadeau Stephen E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: . After inpatient stroke rehabilitation, many people still cannot participate in community activities because of limited walking ability. OBJECTIVE: . To compare the effectiveness of 2 conceptually different, early physical therapy (PT) interventions to usual care (UC) in improving walking 6 months after stroke. METHODS: . The Locomotor Experience ...
Dalgas Ulrik - - 2013
The present study tested the hypothesis that lower body progressive resistance training (PRT) increases the neural drive expressed as surface electromyographical (EMG) activity in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). The study was a randomised controlled trial (RCT) including a 12-week follow up period. Thirty-eight MS patients were randomized to an ...
Kelly James - - 2013
PURPOSE: The power asymptote (critical power, CP) and curvature constant (W') of the powerduration relationship dictate the tolerance to severe-intensity exercise. We tested the hypothesis that dietary nitrate supplementation would increase the CP and/or W' during cycling exercise. METHODS: In a double-blind, randomized, crossover study, nine recreationally-active male subjects supplemented ...
Kressler Jochen - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To describe metabolic responses accompanying 4 different locomotor training approaches (LTA). DESIGN: Single-blind, randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Rehabilitation research laboratory, academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals with minimal walking function due to chronic motor-incomplete SCI. INTERVENTION: Participants (N=62) trained 5 days/week for 12 weeks. Groups were: treadmill-based LT with manual ...
Leibner Evan S - - 2013
Continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (cfLVADs) have been proven safe and effective for bridge-to-transplant and destination therapy (DT) in patients with advanced heart failure. However, the fixed pump speed of these devices may lack response to activity and oxygen demand, thereby limiting exercise tolerance. The objective of this observational study ...
Hoshikawa Yoshihiro - - 2013
ABSTRACT: The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of stabilization training on trunk muscularity and physical performances in youth male soccer players aged 12 - 13 yrs (n = 28). The subjects allocated to training (TG, n = 16) performed a stabilization exercise program consisting of ...
Fukuda Thiago Yukio - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Recent studies have shown that an early start of open kinetic chain (OKC) exercises for quadriceps strengthening in a full range of motion (ROM) could increase anterior knee laxity after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with flexor tendons. However, there are no clinical trials that evaluated outcomes of OKC exercises ...
Pagoto Sherry L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The present feasibility study describes engagement and spread of a Twitter-based core-strengthening challenge. METHODS: A challenge that entailed completing a core-strengthening exercise using a hashtag (#PlankADay) was circulated via Twitter. We surveyed users who joined during the first 2 months of the challenge to describe their characteristics, including social ...
Bedard Rebecca J - - 2013
To compare active hamstring stiffness in female subjects with and without a history of low back pain (LBP) after a standardized 20-min aerobic-exercise session. Case control. Laboratory. 12 women with a history of recurrent episodes of LBP (age = 22.4 ± 2.1 y, mass = 67.1 ± 11.8 kg, height ...
Gomes Silva Carlos André - - 2013
AIM: The effect of muscular training, abdominal massage and diaphragmatic breathing was compared with medical treatment in a prospective randomizedtrial of patients with chronic functional constipation. METHOD: Patients aged 4- 18 years old with functional constipation according to the Rome III criteria were randomized to physiotherapy or medical treatment. In ...
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