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Borghi-Silva A A Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Laboratory, Physical Therapy Department, Federal University of São Carlos, São Carlos, São Paulo; 2 Department of Medicine, Federal University of São Carlos, São Carlos, São Paulo;3 PneumoCardioVascular & Respiratory Muscles Lab, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Rio Grande do Norte; 4 Department of Physical Therapy and Integrative Physiology Laboratory, College of Applied Health Sciences, University of Illinois Chicago;5 Department of Physical Therapy, University Nove de Julho, São Paulo, São Paulo - - - 2014
Background: Exercise is an important part of COPD treatment. However, it is not know about the minimum effective time of physical training that could beneficially modify the cardiac autonomic modulation (CAM) and exercise capacity in these patients. Aim: To contrast the potential effects of a physical training program (PTP), for ...
Pikto-Pietkiewicz Witold - - 2014
INTRODUCTION Diabetes (DM) strongly increases the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and the active search for this complication is suggested by the guidelines. OBJECTIVES We investigated diagnostic usefulness of combined exercise diagnostic score (EDS) derived from clinical and exercise treadmill test (ETT) data in comparison to standard ETT in diabetics. PATIENTS ...
Connell Louise A LA Clinical Practice Research Unit, University of Central Lancashire, PR1 2HE Preston, United Kingdom. - - 2014
To investigate the current practice of physiotherapists and occupational therapists in prescribing upper limb exercises to people after stroke and to explore differences between professions and work settings. A cross-sectional survey design. Occupational therapists and physiotherapists working in UK stroke rehabilitation. The survey's response rate was 21.0% (n = 322); ...
Shaikh Zarrin F ZF 1 Academic Unit of Sleep and Ventilation, National Heart and Lung Institute, - - 2014
Patent foramen ovale (PFO) may be disadvantageous in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It is unknown whether right-to-left shunting through PFO increases during exercise impairing exercise performance. To determine whether (1) PFO prevalence is greater in hypoxemic versus less hypoxemic patients with COPD, (2) PFO is associated with clinically relevant ...
Scharhag-Rosenberger Friederike F 1National Center for Tumor Diseases (NCT), Heidelberg, Germany; 2German University of Applied Sciences for Prevention and Health Management (DHfPG), Saarbrücken, Germany; 3Saarland University, Institute of Sports and Preventive Medicine, Saarbrücken, Germany; 4Saarland University, Institute for Molecular Cell Biology, Homburg, - - 2014
To investigate the effects of a 6 months preventive resistance training program on resting metabolic rate (RMR) and its associations with fat free mass (FFM) and the newly described myokine irisin as two potential mechanistic links between exercise training and RMR. In a randomized controlled trial, 74 sedentary healthy male ...
Slettaløkken Gunnar G 1Lillehammer University College, Lillehammer, - - 2014
Reduced endurance training among semi-professional soccer players during off-season may have negative effect on game performance during the competition season. This negative effect can be prevented by adding high-intensity interval training (HIT) to normal activity. In the present study we want to compare two different frequencies of HIT (5 bouts ...
Pelletier C A CA Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, - - 2014
Study design:Sixteen-week follow-up study.Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of referral from a health-care provider to regular exercise combined with 16 weeks of counselling support following discharge from inpatient or outpatient spinal cord injury (SCI) rehabilitation.Setting:Two rehabilitation centres in Canada.Methods:Seventeen participants (age 42.1±10.6 years, C3-T12, ASIA impairment score A-C) were recruited at ...
Keteyian Steven J SJ Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, - - 2014
We tested the hypothesis that higher-intensity interval training (HIIT) could be deployed into a standard cardiac rehabilitation (CR) setting and would result in a greater increase in cardiorespiratory fitness (ie, peak oxygen uptake, VO2) versus moderate-intensity continuous training (MCT). Thirty-nine patients participating in a standard phase 2 CR program were ...
Holliss Ben A BA 1College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK 2British Swimming Bath ITC, Sports Training Village, University of Bath, Bath, UK 3Centre for Health, Applied Sport and Exercise Science, St. Mary's University College, Twickenham, UK (conducted - - 2014
It is unclear whether intermittent hypoxic training (IHT) results in improvements in physiological variables associated with endurance running. 12 highly trained runners (V[Combining Dot Above]O2peak 70.0 ± 3.5 mL kg min) performed incremental treadmill tests to exhaustion in normobaric normoxia and hypoxia (16.0% FIO2) to assess submaximal and maximal physiological ...
Wilms B B 1] Obesity Center, Cantonal Hospital, St Gallen, Switzerland [2] Exercise Physiology Lab, Institute of Human Movement Sciences, ETH Zurich, Zurich, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:The metabolic equivalent (MET) is a construct that is commonly used to quantify physical activity as well as exercise performance. '1 MET' is equated to a resting oxygen uptake of 3.5 ml O2/kg/min. However, this assumption is unlikely valid in obese subjects. The aim of our study was to quantify the ...
Esco Michael R MR a Human Performance Laboratory , Auburn University at Montgomery , Montgomery , AL , - - 2014
Abstract This study was conducted to determine if the Polar FT40 could accurately track changes in maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) in a group of female soccer players. Predicted VO2max (pVO2max) via the Polar FT40 and observed VO2max (aVO2max) from a maximal exercise test on a treadmill were determined for members ...
Clemm Hege H HH Haukeland University Hospital, Pediatrics, Bergen, Norway, University of Bergen, Department of Clinical Science, Bergen, Norway ; - - 2014
Rationale: Extremely preterm (EP) birth is associated with a series of adverse health outcomes, some of which may be alleviated by improved physical fitness. However, EP born subjects are reportedly less physically active than term-born peers. Measures of exercise capacity are poorly described in this group, and longitudinal data are ...
Berg Selina Kikkenborg SK 1The Heart Centre Unit 2151, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, - - 2014
Aims:The aim of this randomised clinical trial was to assess a comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation intervention including exercise training and psycho-education vs 'treatment as usual' in patients treated with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD).Methods:In this study 196 patients with first time ICD implantation (mean age 57.2 (standard deviation (SD)=13.2); 79% men) ...
Yoo Won-Gyu WG Department of Physical Therapy, College of Biomedical Science and Engineering, Inje University and Elderly Life Redesign Institute, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] This study examined the effects of a relaxation chair and resting with simple range of motion exercises during computer work and low back muscle strengthening exercises after computer work on pain and the flexion-relaxation (FR) ratio of one computer worker with LBP. [Subjects] The subject of this study was ...
Novković Dobrivoje - - 2014
Physical activity is a common stimulus of asthmatic symptoms manifestation. Airway hyperreactivity is a predisposing cause of exercise induced bronchial obstruction, diagnosed by histamine inhalation. The aim of this study was to determine the relation between the amounts of histamine needed to induce non-specific airway hyperreactivity and exercise-induced bronchial obstruction. ...
Sundby Oyvind Heiberg OH 1 e-mail: gorelick@sfsu.edu San Francisco State University Department of Kinesiology, 1600 Holloway Ave, San Francisco CA 94132-4161 Tel: +1 415-338-1671 Fax: +1 - - 2014
Sundby, ØH, Gorelick, M. Relationship between functional hamstring:quadriceps ratios and running economy in highly trained and recreational female runnersThe purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between running economy (RE), functional hamstring:quadriceps peak torque ratios (f-H:Q) and flexibility among female runners. Seven highly trained female (HT) runners (age ...
Macaluso Filippo F 1University of - - 2014
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate skeletal muscle changes induced by an acute bout of plyometric exercise (PlyEx) both before and after PlyEx training, to understand if titin is affected differently after PlyEx training. Methods: Healthy untrained individuals (N=11) completed the 1(st)PlyEx (10x10 squat-jumps, 1min rest). Thereafter, ...
Delaney C L CL Department of Vascular Surgery, Flinders University, Adelaide, - - 2014
Supervised exercise training (SET) is recommended for patients with intermittent claudication (IC). The optimal exercise programme has not been identified, and the potential adverse effects of exercise on these patients warrant consideration. Calpain proteases have been linked with tissue atrophy following ischaemia-reperfusion injury. High calpain activity may therefore cause muscle ...
Martin Kristy K UCNISS, University of Canberra, Canberra, ACT, - - 2014
Nitrate supplementation improves endurance exercise and single bouts of high-intensity activity, but the effect on repeated sprints is unclear. This study is the first to investigate the effects of acute dietary nitrate supplementation during a high-intensity intermittent-sprint test to exhaustion. Team-sport athletes (9 males, age 22.3±2.1 yrs, VO2 max 57.4±8.5 ...
Khayambashi Khalil K College of Sport Sciences, University of Isfahan. Isfahan - - 2014
Comparative control trial OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of posterolateral hip muscle strengthening versus quadriceps strengthening in reducing pain and improving health status in persons with patellofemoral pain (PFP). Comparative control trial. Private rehabilitation facility PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-six persons with a diagnosis of PFP (18 males and 18 females). Male and ...
Fritz Julie M JM Professor, University of Utah, Department of Physical Therapy and Clinical Outcomes Research Scientist, Intermountain Healthcare, Salt Lake City, - - 2014
Study Design Randomized clinical trial. Objective To examine the effectiveness of cervical traction in addition to exercise for specific subgroups of patients with neck pain. Background Cervical traction is frequently used but its effectiveness has not been adequately examined. A critique of existing studies is a failure to target patients ...
Hofmann Tobias T Division for General Internal and Psychosomatic Medicine, Charité Center for Internal Medicine and Dermatology, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin , Berlin , - - 2014
Irisin was recently identified as muscle-derived hormone that increases energy expenditure. Studies in normal weight and obese subjects reported an increased irisin expression following physical activity, although inconsistent results were observed. Increased physical activity in a subgroup of patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) complicates the course of the disease. Since ...
Cantrell Gregory S GS Body Composition and Physical Performance Laboratory, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK, USA, - - 2014
This study was designed to examine whether concurrent sprint interval and strength training (CT) would result in compromised strength development when compared to strength training (ST) alone. In addition, maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) and time to exhaustion (TTE) were measured to determine if sprint interval training (SIT) would augment aerobic ...
Hatle Håvard H K.G. Jebsen Centre of Exercise in Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway ; Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, NTNU, Trondheim, - - 2014
The training response of an intensified period of high-intensity exercise is not clear. Therefore, we compared the cardiovascular adaptations of completing 24 high-intensity aerobic interval training sessions carried out for either three or eight weeks, respectively. Twenty-one healthy subjects (23.0±2.1 years, 10 females) completed 24 high-intensity training sessions throughout a ...
Lee Sangyong S Department of Physical Therapy, Youngdong University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) for patients with chronic low back pain and their dynamic balance ability. [Subjects] Twenty-eight patients with chronic low back were divided into an extracorporeal shockwave therapy group (ESWTG: n=13) and a conservative physical ...
Lee Chae-Woo CW Department of Rehabilitation Science, Graduate School, Daegu University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to compare two methods for the muscle stabilization of the trunk of patients with chronic low back pain. The methods comprised combination patterns of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) and ball exercise. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were 40 volunteers who had low back ...
Kim Hyun Ju HJ College of Nursing, Pusan Catholic University, Pusan, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] To evaluate the effects of early passive range of motion exercise on the function of upper extremities and activities of daily living in patients with acute stroke. [Methods] A total of 37 patients with acute stroke in intensive care units, were assigned to the experimental group (n=19) and control ...
Hogan Neasa N 0000-0001-8058-4015 Clinical Therapies Department, University of Limerick, Limerick, - - 2014
Background. Mobility limitations are a key feature of MS and 25% will require the use of a walking aid 15 years after diagnosis. Few studies have specifically evaluated the effectiveness of physiotherapy and exercise interventions delivered in the community for those with significant disability. Methods. An assessor blind, block randomised, ...
Giannotti Erika E Rehabilitation Unit, Department of Neurosciences, University of Padua, Via Giustiniani 3, 35128 Padua, - - 2014
Objective. To propose a rehabilitation protocol able to produce immediate and long-term beneficial effects on level of disability and overall performance in ADLs. Materials and Methods. Forty-one FM patients were randomized to an exercise and educational-behavioral programme group (experimental group, EG = 21) or to a control group (CG = ...
Wang Hsing-Kuo HK a School and Graduate Institute of Physical Therapy, College of Medicine , National Taiwan University Taipei , Taiwan , Republic of - - 2014
This study investigated and compared the effects of an eight-week program of whole body vibration combined with counter-movement jumping (WBV + CMJ) or counter-movement jumping (CMJ) alone on players. Twenty-four men's volleyball players of league A or B were randomized to the WBV + CMJ or CMJ groups (n = ...
Hosler Akiko S AS Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University at Albany School of Public Health, One University Place, Rensselaer, NY 12144, - - 2014
Little is known about the relationship between objectively measured walkability and walking for exercise among adults with diabetes. Information regarding walking behavior of adults with diabetes residing in 3 Upstate New York counties was collected through an interview survey. Walkability measures were collected through an environmental audit of a sample ...
Lombardi Carlo C Cardiology, Department of Medical and Surgical Specialties, Radiological Sciences, and Public Health, University and Civil Hospital of Brescia, Brescia, - - 2014
Amino acids (AAs) availability is reduced in patients with heart failure (HF) leading to abnormalities in cardiac and skeletal muscle metabolism, and eventually to a reduction in functional capacity and quality of life. In this study, we investigate the effects of oral supplementation with essential and semi-essential AAs for three ...
Scribbans Trisha D TD School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, - - 2014
The current study involved the completion of two distinct experiments. Experiment 1 compared fibre specific and whole muscle responses to acute bouts of either low-volume high-intensity interval training (LV-HIT) or moderate-intensity continuous endurance exercise (END) in a randomized crossover design. Experiment 2 examined the impact of a six-week training intervention ...
Houchen-Wolloff Linzy L Centre for Exercise and Rehabilitation Science, Respiratory Biomedical Research Unit, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester, - - 2014
It is proposed that resistance training (RT) does not activate the cardiopulmonary system to the same extent as whole-body exercise. This is important for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who are ventilatory limited. The aim was to assess the ventilatory response to an isokinetic quadriceps RT program in ...
Kim Jisu J Laboratory of Exercise Nutrition, Department of Physical Education, Konkuk University, 120, Neungdong-ro, Gwangin-gu, Seoul 143-701, Republic of - - 2014
We previously reported that silk peptide (SP) treatment led to increased resting fat oxidation in exercised mice. However, it was not known whether SP treatment could effectively increase exercise capacity. Accordingly, this study aimed to examine whether SP treatment affected energy metabolism during exercise in addition to exercise performance. We ...
Barzegari Ali A Physical education Department, Payam Noor University, 19395-4697, Babol, - - 2014
Vaspin is associated with decreased blood glucose concentration. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of resistance exercise training on plasma vaspin and lipid profile levels in patients with type 2 diabetes. Thirty men were divided into 2 groups: control (n=15), and resistance exercise (n=15). The resistance group ...
Grochowska Ewa E Zakład Regulacji Metabolizmu, Instytut Biochemii , Wydział Biologii Uniwersytetu - - 2014
In developed countries, we can observe an increasing number of people with obesity, type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension and arteriosclerosis. The main reason for this phenomenon is the abnormal energy balance due to sedentary lifestyles. Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in many countries around the world, nowadays. ...
Ferriolli Eduardo E Division of General Internal and Geriatric Medicine, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, - - 2014
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is highly prevalent among the elderly. Age-associated changes in body composition, obesity and sedentary behavior are some of the main factors responsible for the increased prevalence of diabetes in this population. Elderly patients experience important and specific issues, including the association of comorbidities and geriatric syndromes, ...
Sveaas Silje Halvorsen SH National Advisory Unit on Rehabilitation in Rheumatology, Department of Rheumatology, Diakonhjemmet Hospital, Oslo, Norway; Department of Health Sciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, - - 2014
Physical therapy is recommended for the management of axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) and flexibility exercises have traditionally been the main focus. Cardiovascular (CV) diseases are considered as a major health concern in axSpA and there is strong evidence that endurance and strength exercise protects against CV diseases. Therefore, the aim of ...
Otocka-Kmiecik Aneta A Department of Experimental Physiology, Medical University of Lodz, Interdepartmental Chair of Experimental and Clinical Physiology, Mazowiecka Street 6/8, 92-215 Lodz, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to compare the effect of maximal exercise (ME) on paraoxonase (PON) and arylesterase (ARE) activity depending on lifestyle in respect to physical activity. The study was performed on 46 young men divided into two groups: sedentary (S) and physically active (PA). All participants performed ...
Prokop Neal W NW Faculty of Kinesiology and Recreation Management, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, - - 2014
Many national and international organizations recommend that adults achieve at least 150 minutes of aerobic physical activity (PA) weekly, at a minimum moderate intensity to optimize health benefits. It is unknown if people who consider themselves as active have the ability to identify what is considered moderate intensity. Fifty-one participants ...
Horng Chi-Ting CT Department of Ophthalmology and Medical Education Center, Kaohsiung Armed Force General Hospital, Kaohsiung 80284, Taiwan. - - 2014
Polygonatum alte-lobatum Hayata, a rhizomatous perennial herb, belongs to the Liliaceae family and is endemic to Taiwan. We investigated the antioxidant and anti-fatigue activities of P. alte-lobatum in exercised rats. Levels of polyphenols, flavonoids and polysaccharides and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free-radical scavenging activity were measured in extracts of P. alte-lobatum (EPA). ...
Serra M C MC Monica C. Serra, Baltimore VA Medical Center, 10 N. Greene St, GRECC (BT/18/GR), Baltimore, MD 21201, Phone: (410) 605 7000 x 4199, Fax: (410) 605 7913, Email: - - 2014
To compare the effects of weight loss with and without exercise on 1) dietary prescription adherence and 2) non-structured activity in postmenopausal women. Longitudinal study. Clinical research setting with facility based exercise and nutrition education. Overweight and obese women, 45-76 years old. 6 months of weight loss alone (WL; N=38) ...
Sjörs Camilla C http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0543-5498 Karolinska Institutet, Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Stockholm, Sweden. - - 2014
Knowledge about factors influencing physical activity behavior is needed in order to tailor physical activity interventions to the individual. The aim of this study was to explore and describe the perceived reasons, barriers, and incentives to increased physical activity, as well as preferable activities, among elderly men in Sweden. In ...
Dixit Snehil S Department of Physiotherapy, School of Allied Health Sciences (SOAHS), Manipal University, Manipal, 576104, Karnataka, India. Electronic address: - - 2013
To evaluate the effect of moderate intensity aerobic exercise (40%-60% of Heart Rate Reserve (HRR)) on diabetic peripheral neuropathy. A parallel-group, randomized controlled trial was carried out in a tertiary health care setting, India. The study comprised of experimental (moderate intensity aerobic exercise and standard care) and control groups (standard ...
Lan Xiaofang - - 2013
It has been well documented that exercise promotes neurological rehabilitation in patients with cerebral ischemia. However, the exact mechanisms have not been fully elucidated. This study aimed to discuss the effect of treadmill exercise on expression levels of 5-HT, 5-HT1A receptor (5-HT1AR) and brain derived neurophic factor (BDNF) in rat ...
Porter David A DA Methodist Sports Medicine Center, Thomas A. Brady Clinic, Indianapolis, IN, - - 2013
This is the first study to evaluate the effect of an acute bout of exercise on strength evaluation after Achilles tendon (AT) rupture and repair. Forty patients sustained an acute AT injury and met inclusion criteria for this study. At a minimum of 12 months after operative repair, patients were ...
Arizono Shinichi - - 2013
Although pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) has been reported to improve exercise capacity in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), it is unknown which exercise measurement is the most responsive for evaluation of PR efficacy. The purpose of the present study was to compare the responsiveness of five exercise measurements by evaluating ...
Yang Zuyao - - 2013
Resistance and aerobic exercises are both recommended as effective treatments for people with type 2 diabetes. However, the optimum type of exercise for the disease remains to be determined to inform clinical decision-making and facilitate personalized exercise prescription. Our objective was to investigate whether resistance exercise is comparable to aerobic ...
Shields Christopher A - - 2013
The objective of this action research was to examine the effectiveness of a comprehensive intervention (the toolkit) in improving diabetes educators' (DEs') perceptions of their abilities and their patients' abilities related to physical activity as part of regular diabetes self-management. Two separate studies were conducted. Participants completed measures assessing confidence, ...
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