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Yang Zuyao - - 2013
Resistance and aerobic exercises are both recommended as effective treatments for people with type 2 diabetes. However, the optimum type of exercise for the disease remains to be determined to inform clinical decision-making and facilitate personalized exercise prescription. Our objective was to investigate whether resistance exercise is comparable to aerobic ...
Shields Christopher A - - 2013
The objective of this action research was to examine the effectiveness of a comprehensive intervention (the toolkit) in improving diabetes educators' (DEs') perceptions of their abilities and their patients' abilities related to physical activity as part of regular diabetes self-management. Two separate studies were conducted. Participants completed measures assessing confidence, ...
Rassi Andrew N AN Division of Cardiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2013
Patients with aortic stenosis (AS) often undergo exercise echocardiography. Diastolic dysfunction (DD) is frequently associated with AS but little is known about its impact on functional capacity (FC). We sought to determine the relationship between DD and FC and their impact on mortality and need for aortic valve replacement (AVR) ...
Maresca Luigi - - 2013
Erectile dysfunction (ED) affects about 50% of males aged 40-70 years old. ED shares with atherosclerotic disease several common risk factors; therefore, it may be considered a surrogate marker of atherosclerosis. Since phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors are well known pharmacologic agents capable of significant improvement in ED, we designed this study to ...
Dos Santos Maciel Thiago - - 2013
Clinical investigations have demonstrated the effectiveness of phototherapy on the muscle activity. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on the tibialis anterior muscle of regular physical activity practitioners by electromyographic, biomechanical, and biochemical (lactate) analysis. Double-blind controlled clinical trials were conducted ...
De Vos Marie-Camille - - 2013
Objective: Facial exercises are a noninvasive alternative to medical approaches to facial rejuvenation. Logopedists could be involved in providing these exercises. Little research has been conducted, however, on the effectiveness of exercises for facial rejuvenation. This study assessed the effectiveness of 4 exercises purportedly reducing wrinkles and sagging of the ...
Heiberg Johan J 1 Department of Cardiothoracic & Vascular Surgery, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus N, - - 2013
Ventricular septal defects are normally closed in early childhood, and post-surgically the patients are considered as healthy and fit as their peers. However, data are inconsistent. We exercise-tested a cohort of ventricular septal defect-operated patients and a group of matched controls to evaluate long-term physical fitness. Cardiopulmonary exercise capacity was ...
Halvorsen Peder Andreas - - 2013
Background: For patients with respiratory tract infections evidence regarding bed rest, staying indoors and refraining from exercise is sparse. Objectives: To explore how general practitioners (GPs) in Poland and Norway would advise such patients. Methods: Convenience samples of GPs in Poland (n = 216) and Norway (n = 171) read ...
Chan C - - 2013
BackgroundProfessional musicians report a high prevalence of performance-related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMDs). Excessive muscle tension and fatigue have been reported as important factors contributing to PRMDs.AimsTo evaluate feasibility and effectiveness of a specific exercise programme delivered via a digital video disc (DVD) targeting PRMDs and associated risk factors.MethodsVolunteers from eight Australian ...
Fitzgerald Nicholas M NM University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia; Department of Respiratory Medicine, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, - - 2013
A decrease in diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) after exercise has been reported in healthy adults. There is limited information for post-exercise DLCO available in children either in health or in disease. To evaluate (1) reproducibility of DLCO measures in children, (2) differences in DLCO between elite athletic swimmers ...
Fragala Maren S MS Institute of Exercise Physiology and Wellness, University of Central Florida, 4000 Central Florida Blvd, Orlando, FL, 32816, USA, - - 2014
N-terminal peptide of procollagen type III (P3NP) and C-terminal agrin fragment (CAF) are circulating biomarkers that are related to lean body mass in older adults. P3NP is a circulating marker reflective of muscular structural remodeling while CAF is a circulating marker of neuromuscular remodeling. As resistance exercise is an established ...
Mouridsen Mette Rauhe - - 2013
Abstract Objective: We investigated the diagnostic value of exercise-induced increase in cardiac Troponin T (cTnT) in stable chest pain subjects. Methods: CTnT was measured before and 20 h after an exercise test in 157 subjects suspected of coronary artery disease (CAD). Results: CAD subjects (n = 41) had higher baseline cTnT levels compared ...
Hecksteden Anne - - 2013
The recent discovery of a new myokin (irisin) potentially involved in health-related training effects has gained great attention, but evidence for a training-induced increase in irisin remains preliminary. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine whether irisin concentration is increased after regular exercise training in humans. In a randomized controlled ...
Alayat Mohamed Salaheldien Mohamed - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the effect of high-intensity laser therapy (HILT), alone or combined with exercise, in the treatment of chronic low back pain (CLBP). A total of 72 male patients participated in this study, with a mean (SD) age of 32.81 (4.48) years. Patients were ...
LE Meur Yann - - 2013
We analyzed HR variability (HRV) to detect alterations in autonomic function that may be associated with functional overreaching (F-OR) in endurance athletes. Twenty-one trained male triathletes were randomly assigned to either intensified training (n = 13) or normal training (n = 8) groups during 5 wk. HRV measures were taken ...
Sage Michael - - 2013
Background: Rating of perceived exertion (RPE) is used to monitor or prescribe workload of exercise, but its utility among individuals with a stroke remains in question. Objective: To examine the validity of RPE at multiple percentages of peak aerobic capacity (Vo2peak) in individuals in the subacute stage of stroke recovery. ...
Åhlund Kristina K Department of Research and Development, NU-Hospital Organisation, (Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg), SE-461 85 Trollhättan, Sweden. - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine fear-avoidance beliefs in patients after first-time myocardial infarction and to determine how such beliefs change over time. A further aim was to analyse fear-avoidance beliefs and physical activity levels in patients attending exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation led by a registered physiotherapist, compared with ...
Beck D T - - 2013
Prehypertension is associated with reduced conduit artery endothelial function and perturbation of oxidant/antioxidant status. It is unknown whether endothelial dysfunction persists to resistance arteries and whether exercise training affects oxidant/antioxidant balance in young prehypertensives. We examined resistance artery function using venous occlusion plethysmography measurement of forearm (FBF) and calf blood ...
Ismail Hashbullah H School of Science and Technology, University of New England, Armidale, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to establish whether aerobic exercise training intensity produces different effect sizes for fitness, adherence, event rates, mortality rates, and hospitalization rates in patients with heart failure. Intuitively, greater exercise intensity is considered to result in higher risk for serious events, but intensity may be ...
Rollo Ian I School of Sport Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, - - 2014
The physical-performance profiles of subelite male footballers were monitored during 6 wk of a competitive season. The same squad of players played either 1 (1G, n = 15) or 2 (2G, n = 15) competitive matches per week. On weeks 0, 3, and 6, 48 h postmatch, players completed countermovement ...
Kiwata Jacqueline - - 2013
Consistent, moderate-to-vigorous intensity exercise has been associated with a lower risk of upper respiratory tract infection (URI). However, the molecular basis for this apparent protection has not yet been fully resolved. Host-derived lipids such as cholesteryl esters (CEs) have emerged as important effector molecules of innate defense against infections. Here, ...
Galace de Freitas Diego - - 2013
To evaluate the effects of pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) and exercises in reducing pain and improving function and muscle strength in patients with shoulder impingement syndrome (SIS). Double-blind randomized clinical trial, with a 3 month post-treatment follow-up. Outpatient Rehabilitation of a public hospital PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-six patients between 40 and 60 ...
Felker G Michael - - 2013
-ST2 is involved in cardioprotective signaling in the myocardium and has been identified as a potentially promising biomarker in HF. We evaluated ST2 levels and their association with functional capacity and long-term clinical outcomes in a cohort of ambulatory heart failure (HF) patients enrolled in the HF-ACTION study-a multicenter, randomized ...
de Marche Baldon Rodrigo - - 2013
To verify the effects of plyometric training on lower limb kinematics, eccentric hip and knee torques, and functional performance. Cohort study. Research laboratory. Thirty-six females were divided into a training group (TG; n = 18), which carried out the plyometric training for 8 weeks, and a control group (CG; n ...
Breese Brynmor Charles - - 2013
Severe-intensity exercise initiated from an elevated metabolic rate would be expected to enhance the proportional activation of higher-order (type II) muscle fibers. The purpose of this study was therefore to test the hypothesis that, compared to placebo (PL), NO3--rich beetroot juice (BR) supplementation would speed the phase II vo2 kinetics ...
Ericsson Ylva B - - 2013
The additional effect of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction on muscle strength and physical performance after a structured exercise programme is not well understood. To investigate and compare muscle strength and physical performance test results after a structured exercise programme, in young active adults with acute ACL injury, between those ...
Frigiola Alessandra A Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, NHS Trust, London, UK (A.F., M.H., A.T., J.M., A.G., T.-Y.H., K.B.); University College of London, Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences, London, UK (A.F., A.T.); and Adult Congenital Heart Disease Research Network, UK - - 2013
Pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) after repair of tetralogy of Fallot is commonly required and is burdensome. Detailed anatomic and physiologic characteristics of survivors free from late PVR and with good exercise capacity are not well described in a literature focusing on the indications for PVR. Survival and freedom from PVR ...
Evans Harrison - - 2013
Abstract A maximal, perceptually-regulated exercise test (PRETmax) whereby participants control the intensity according to preset ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) may induce more positive affective responses than a conventional 'experimenter controlled' incremental ramp test (Iramp). The authors aimed to assess (1) if a PRETmax could be used to measure [Formula: ...
Teopompi Elisabetta - - 2013
Patients with Chronic Heart Failure (CHF) or with COPD may share an increased response in minute ventilation (VE) to carbon dioxide output (VCO2) during exercise. To ascertain whether or not the VE/VCO2slope and VE/VCO2intercept values may discriminate CHF from COPD patients at equal peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak). We studied 46 ...
Hill David W DW Applied Physiology Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, Health Promotion, and Recreation, 1155 Union Circle #310769, University of North Texas, Denton, TX 76203-5017, - - 2014
The aim was to investigate the effect of time of day on 4 variables that are related to sport performance. Twenty healthy young men (mean ± SD: 22 ± 3 years, 1.78 ± 0.08 m, 72.0 ± 7.0 kg) performed exhaustive severe-intensity cycle ergometer tests at 278 ± 35 W ...
Howe Christopher C F - - 2013
Abstract This study investigated the stability of the measurement of respiratory variables during rest, walking and running using the K4b(2) portable metabolic analyser in ten active males (age 31 ± 11 years; [Formula: see text] peak 42.1 ± 2.6 ml · min(-1) · kg(-1)). Following a 10 min rest, participants completed three discontinuous incremental exercise tests ...
Moraes C - - 2013
Irisin, a hormone secreted by myocytes induced in exercise, acts as a muscle-derived energy-expenditure signal that binds to undetermined receptors on the white adipose tissue surface, stimulating its browning and uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) expression. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of an intradialytic resistance exercise ...
Kurti Allison N - - 2013
Despite the link between inactivity and premature mortality, most adults exercise less than the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2008) recommends; thus, interventions to increase exercise are needed. The present study employed an Internet-based intervention to increase walking in 12 sedentary adults over 50 years of age. In Experiment ...
Khaled M Badaam B Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, Government Medical College , Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India - - 2013
Physical inactivity is now a global non-communicable disease. Current recommendations from American College of Sports Medicine, American Heart Association and UK medical officers for physical activity are difficult to implement, due to time constraints and hence, they have less compliance. To compare Sprint Interval Training (SIT) and traditional aerobic exercise ...
Oechsle Karin - - 2013
Cancer and its treatment-related side effects induce loss of physical performance. This study evaluated the effects of multimodal aerobic and strength exercises on physical performance in hospitalized cancer patients while receiving myeloablative chemotherapy. In this prospective pilot study, 48 evaluable patients were randomly assigned to a training (TG, n = 24) or ...
Howden Erin J - - 2013
CKD is associated with poor cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). This predefined substudy determined the effect of exercise training and lifestyle intervention on CRF and explored the effect on cardiovascular risk factors and cardiac and vascular function. Between February 2008 and March 2010, 90 patients with stage 3-4 CKD were screened with ...
Kozlowski Karl F KF Department of Kinesiology, Canisius College, Buffalo, - - 2013
Little is known about exercise intolerance or the utility of an exercise evaluation in patients with postconcussion syndrome (PCS). To assess exercise intolerance in male and female patients with PCS. Cross-sectional study. Laboratory setting. Participants included a convenience sample of 34 patients with PCS (17 males, 17 females; age = ...
Nolan P B - - 2013
We sought to determine the incidence of V˙O2 plateau at V˙O2max in a cardiovascular-diseased (CVD) population using 4 different sampling intervals (15-breath moving average, 15 s, 30 s, and 60 s) and 3 different V˙O2 plateau criteria (≤50 mL · min-1, ≤80 mL · min-1, and ≤150 mL · min-1). ...
Aluko Augustine - - 2013
The purpose of this preliminary study was demonstrate if it was feasible to evaluate variations in acceleration of trunk movement, pain, and disability during an episode of acute nonspecific low back pain comparing regular trunk exercises to regular exercises in addition to core stability exercises. A pilot randomized controlled trial ...
Katz Maya - - 2013
Focal task-specific dystonia of the lower extremity associated with intense repetitive exercise has recently been recognized. The clinical course, treatment response and prognosis remain poorly understood. Individuals with lower extremity task-specific dystonia evaluated at UCSF's Movement Disorders Center (2004-2012) were eligible for this descriptive case study series if he/she had ...
Baynard Tracy - - 2013
Type 2 diabetes is associated with poor exercise tolerance and peak aerobic capacity (VO2peak) even when compared to obese non-diabetic peers. Exercise training studies have demonstrated improvements in VO2peak among T2D, yet there is a large amount of variability in this response. Recent evidence suggests that cardiac autonomic modulation may ...
Toth Cory - - 2013
Some forms of chronic pain are receptive to exercise therapy for maintenance of pain relief. We evaluated the impact of a balanced exercise program in the management of human peripheral neuropathic pain compared with an educational intervention. This was a single-center, randomized, single-blind, controlled study using an intention-to-treat protocol. Patients ...
Pleguezuelos Eulogio - - 2013
Even after a rehabilitation program, levels of physical activity in COPD progressively decrease unless strategies to encourage activity are implemented. We analyzed the effects of the implementation of urban walking circuits on levels of physical activity and exercise capacity of patients with severe and very severe COPD after a rehabilitation ...
Feltham M G - - 2013
Background: Guidelines for optimal exercise doses in people with multiple sclerosis (MS) have to be established. We need to ascertain the basic physiological and perceptual response and adaptation to different exercise doses in this clinical population. Aim: The aim of this paper was to explore the response during maximal and ...
Yu C-C CC Institute for Medicine and Engineering, University of Pennsylvania, 1010 Vagelos Research Laboratories, 3340 Smith Walk, Philadelphia, PA, 19104 - - 2013
Plasma gelsolin (pGSN) produced by muscle is an abundant protein of extracellular fluids capable of severing actin filaments and eliminating actin from the circulation. Additionally, pGSN modulates the cellular effects of some bioactive lipids. In this study we test the hypothesis that hormonal and metabolic adaptations to exercise are associated ...
Faoro Vitalie - - 2013
Tibetans have been reported to present with a unique phenotypic adaptation to high altitude characterized by higher resting ventilation (VE) and arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2), no excessive polycythemia and lower pulmonary artery pressures (Ppa) compared to other high altitude populations. How this affects exercise capacity is not exactly known. We ...
Munters Li Alemo - - 2013
Objective. To determine the effects of a 12-week endurance exercise program on health, disability, VO2 max and disease activity, in a multicenter randomized controlled trial (RCT) in patients with established polymyositis (PM) and dermatomyositis (DM), and to evaluate health and disability in a 1-year open extension study. Methods. Patients were ...
Bizzini Mario - - 2013
Abstract The aim of the study was to examine the post-exercise effects of the "FIFA 11+" on various physical performance and physiological variables, to understand whether this programme is an appropriate warm-up for football players. Results were compared with the literature using a meta-analytical approach. Twenty amateur male football players ...
Leifer Eric S - - 2013
Aerobic exercise training has been used in patients with stable heart failure (HF) to reduce the risk of clinical events. However, due to patient heterogeneity, some patients may experience a decrease in functional capacity due to such training. The purpose of this study was to estimate the proportion of HF ...
Argula Rahul G - - 2013
Advanced heterogeneous emphysema with hyperinflation impacts exercise tolerance in COPD. Bronchoscopic lung volume reduction (BLVR) using Zephyr® endobronchial valves (EBV) has been shown to improve lung function in patients with heterogeneous emphysema. It is unclear whether the target lobe perfusion of patients receiving EBV therapy impacts exercise tolerance as measured ...
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