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Khayambashi Khalil K College of Sport Sciences, University of Isfahan. Isfahan - - 2014
Comparative control trial OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of posterolateral hip muscle strengthening versus quadriceps strengthening in reducing pain and improving health status in persons with patellofemoral pain (PFP). Comparative control trial. Private rehabilitation facility PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-six persons with a diagnosis of PFP (18 males and 18 females). Male and ...
Fritz Julie M JM Professor, University of Utah, Department of Physical Therapy and Clinical Outcomes Research Scientist, Intermountain Healthcare, Salt Lake City, - - 2014
Study Design Randomized clinical trial. Objective To examine the effectiveness of cervical traction in addition to exercise for specific subgroups of patients with neck pain. Background Cervical traction is frequently used but its effectiveness has not been adequately examined. A critique of existing studies is a failure to target patients ...
Hofmann Tobias T Division for General Internal and Psychosomatic Medicine, Charité Center for Internal Medicine and Dermatology, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin , Berlin , - - 2014
Irisin was recently identified as muscle-derived hormone that increases energy expenditure. Studies in normal weight and obese subjects reported an increased irisin expression following physical activity, although inconsistent results were observed. Increased physical activity in a subgroup of patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) complicates the course of the disease. Since ...
Cantrell Gregory S GS Body Composition and Physical Performance Laboratory, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK, USA, - - 2014
This study was designed to examine whether concurrent sprint interval and strength training (CT) would result in compromised strength development when compared to strength training (ST) alone. In addition, maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) and time to exhaustion (TTE) were measured to determine if sprint interval training (SIT) would augment aerobic ...
Hatle Håvard H K.G. Jebsen Centre of Exercise in Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway ; Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, NTNU, Trondheim, - - 2014
The training response of an intensified period of high-intensity exercise is not clear. Therefore, we compared the cardiovascular adaptations of completing 24 high-intensity aerobic interval training sessions carried out for either three or eight weeks, respectively. Twenty-one healthy subjects (23.0±2.1 years, 10 females) completed 24 high-intensity training sessions throughout a ...
Lee Sangyong S Department of Physical Therapy, Youngdong University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) for patients with chronic low back pain and their dynamic balance ability. [Subjects] Twenty-eight patients with chronic low back were divided into an extracorporeal shockwave therapy group (ESWTG: n=13) and a conservative physical ...
Lee Chae-Woo CW Department of Rehabilitation Science, Graduate School, Daegu University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to compare two methods for the muscle stabilization of the trunk of patients with chronic low back pain. The methods comprised combination patterns of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) and ball exercise. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were 40 volunteers who had low back ...
Kim Hyun Ju HJ College of Nursing, Pusan Catholic University, Pusan, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] To evaluate the effects of early passive range of motion exercise on the function of upper extremities and activities of daily living in patients with acute stroke. [Methods] A total of 37 patients with acute stroke in intensive care units, were assigned to the experimental group (n=19) and control ...
Hogan Neasa N 0000-0001-8058-4015 Clinical Therapies Department, University of Limerick, Limerick, - - 2014
Background. Mobility limitations are a key feature of MS and 25% will require the use of a walking aid 15 years after diagnosis. Few studies have specifically evaluated the effectiveness of physiotherapy and exercise interventions delivered in the community for those with significant disability. Methods. An assessor blind, block randomised, ...
Giannotti Erika E Rehabilitation Unit, Department of Neurosciences, University of Padua, Via Giustiniani 3, 35128 Padua, - - 2014
Objective. To propose a rehabilitation protocol able to produce immediate and long-term beneficial effects on level of disability and overall performance in ADLs. Materials and Methods. Forty-one FM patients were randomized to an exercise and educational-behavioral programme group (experimental group, EG = 21) or to a control group (CG = ...
Wang Hsing-Kuo HK a School and Graduate Institute of Physical Therapy, College of Medicine , National Taiwan University Taipei , Taiwan , Republic of - - 2014
This study investigated and compared the effects of an eight-week program of whole body vibration combined with counter-movement jumping (WBV + CMJ) or counter-movement jumping (CMJ) alone on players. Twenty-four men's volleyball players of league A or B were randomized to the WBV + CMJ or CMJ groups (n = ...
Hosler Akiko S AS Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University at Albany School of Public Health, One University Place, Rensselaer, NY 12144, - - 2014
Little is known about the relationship between objectively measured walkability and walking for exercise among adults with diabetes. Information regarding walking behavior of adults with diabetes residing in 3 Upstate New York counties was collected through an interview survey. Walkability measures were collected through an environmental audit of a sample ...
Lombardi Carlo C Cardiology, Department of Medical and Surgical Specialties, Radiological Sciences, and Public Health, University and Civil Hospital of Brescia, Brescia, - - 2014
Amino acids (AAs) availability is reduced in patients with heart failure (HF) leading to abnormalities in cardiac and skeletal muscle metabolism, and eventually to a reduction in functional capacity and quality of life. In this study, we investigate the effects of oral supplementation with essential and semi-essential AAs for three ...
Scribbans Trisha D TD School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, - - 2014
The current study involved the completion of two distinct experiments. Experiment 1 compared fibre specific and whole muscle responses to acute bouts of either low-volume high-intensity interval training (LV-HIT) or moderate-intensity continuous endurance exercise (END) in a randomized crossover design. Experiment 2 examined the impact of a six-week training intervention ...
Houchen-Wolloff Linzy L Centre for Exercise and Rehabilitation Science, Respiratory Biomedical Research Unit, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester, - - 2014
It is proposed that resistance training (RT) does not activate the cardiopulmonary system to the same extent as whole-body exercise. This is important for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who are ventilatory limited. The aim was to assess the ventilatory response to an isokinetic quadriceps RT program in ...
Kim Jisu J Laboratory of Exercise Nutrition, Department of Physical Education, Konkuk University, 120, Neungdong-ro, Gwangin-gu, Seoul 143-701, Republic of - - 2014
We previously reported that silk peptide (SP) treatment led to increased resting fat oxidation in exercised mice. However, it was not known whether SP treatment could effectively increase exercise capacity. Accordingly, this study aimed to examine whether SP treatment affected energy metabolism during exercise in addition to exercise performance. We ...
Barzegari Ali A Physical education Department, Payam Noor University, 19395-4697, Babol, - - 2014
Vaspin is associated with decreased blood glucose concentration. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of resistance exercise training on plasma vaspin and lipid profile levels in patients with type 2 diabetes. Thirty men were divided into 2 groups: control (n=15), and resistance exercise (n=15). The resistance group ...
Grochowska Ewa E Zakład Regulacji Metabolizmu, Instytut Biochemii , Wydział Biologii Uniwersytetu - - 2014
In developed countries, we can observe an increasing number of people with obesity, type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension and arteriosclerosis. The main reason for this phenomenon is the abnormal energy balance due to sedentary lifestyles. Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in many countries around the world, nowadays. ...
Ferriolli Eduardo E Division of General Internal and Geriatric Medicine, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, - - 2014
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is highly prevalent among the elderly. Age-associated changes in body composition, obesity and sedentary behavior are some of the main factors responsible for the increased prevalence of diabetes in this population. Elderly patients experience important and specific issues, including the association of comorbidities and geriatric syndromes, ...
Sveaas Silje Halvorsen SH National Advisory Unit on Rehabilitation in Rheumatology, Department of Rheumatology, Diakonhjemmet Hospital, Oslo, Norway; Department of Health Sciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, - - 2014
Physical therapy is recommended for the management of axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) and flexibility exercises have traditionally been the main focus. Cardiovascular (CV) diseases are considered as a major health concern in axSpA and there is strong evidence that endurance and strength exercise protects against CV diseases. Therefore, the aim of ...
Dixit Snehil S Department of Physiotherapy, School of Allied Health Sciences (SOAHS), Manipal University, Manipal, 576104, Karnataka, India. Electronic address: - - 2013
To evaluate the effect of moderate intensity aerobic exercise (40%-60% of Heart Rate Reserve (HRR)) on diabetic peripheral neuropathy. A parallel-group, randomized controlled trial was carried out in a tertiary health care setting, India. The study comprised of experimental (moderate intensity aerobic exercise and standard care) and control groups (standard ...
Lan Xiaofang - - 2013
It has been well documented that exercise promotes neurological rehabilitation in patients with cerebral ischemia. However, the exact mechanisms have not been fully elucidated. This study aimed to discuss the effect of treadmill exercise on expression levels of 5-HT, 5-HT1A receptor (5-HT1AR) and brain derived neurophic factor (BDNF) in rat ...
Porter David A DA Methodist Sports Medicine Center, Thomas A. Brady Clinic, Indianapolis, IN, - - 2013
This is the first study to evaluate the effect of an acute bout of exercise on strength evaluation after Achilles tendon (AT) rupture and repair. Forty patients sustained an acute AT injury and met inclusion criteria for this study. At a minimum of 12 months after operative repair, patients were ...
Arizono Shinichi - - 2013
Although pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) has been reported to improve exercise capacity in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), it is unknown which exercise measurement is the most responsive for evaluation of PR efficacy. The purpose of the present study was to compare the responsiveness of five exercise measurements by evaluating ...
Yang Zuyao - - 2013
Resistance and aerobic exercises are both recommended as effective treatments for people with type 2 diabetes. However, the optimum type of exercise for the disease remains to be determined to inform clinical decision-making and facilitate personalized exercise prescription. Our objective was to investigate whether resistance exercise is comparable to aerobic ...
Shields Christopher A - - 2013
The objective of this action research was to examine the effectiveness of a comprehensive intervention (the toolkit) in improving diabetes educators' (DEs') perceptions of their abilities and their patients' abilities related to physical activity as part of regular diabetes self-management. Two separate studies were conducted. Participants completed measures assessing confidence, ...
Rassi Andrew N AN Division of Cardiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2013
Patients with aortic stenosis (AS) often undergo exercise echocardiography. Diastolic dysfunction (DD) is frequently associated with AS but little is known about its impact on functional capacity (FC). We sought to determine the relationship between DD and FC and their impact on mortality and need for aortic valve replacement (AVR) ...
Maresca Luigi - - 2013
Erectile dysfunction (ED) affects about 50% of males aged 40-70 years old. ED shares with atherosclerotic disease several common risk factors; therefore, it may be considered a surrogate marker of atherosclerosis. Since phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors are well known pharmacologic agents capable of significant improvement in ED, we designed this study to ...
Dos Santos Maciel Thiago - - 2013
Clinical investigations have demonstrated the effectiveness of phototherapy on the muscle activity. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on the tibialis anterior muscle of regular physical activity practitioners by electromyographic, biomechanical, and biochemical (lactate) analysis. Double-blind controlled clinical trials were conducted ...
De Vos Marie-Camille - - 2013
Objective: Facial exercises are a noninvasive alternative to medical approaches to facial rejuvenation. Logopedists could be involved in providing these exercises. Little research has been conducted, however, on the effectiveness of exercises for facial rejuvenation. This study assessed the effectiveness of 4 exercises purportedly reducing wrinkles and sagging of the ...
Heiberg Johan J 1 Department of Cardiothoracic & Vascular Surgery, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus N, - - 2013
Ventricular septal defects are normally closed in early childhood, and post-surgically the patients are considered as healthy and fit as their peers. However, data are inconsistent. We exercise-tested a cohort of ventricular septal defect-operated patients and a group of matched controls to evaluate long-term physical fitness. Cardiopulmonary exercise capacity was ...
Halvorsen Peder Andreas - - 2013
Background: For patients with respiratory tract infections evidence regarding bed rest, staying indoors and refraining from exercise is sparse. Objectives: To explore how general practitioners (GPs) in Poland and Norway would advise such patients. Methods: Convenience samples of GPs in Poland (n = 216) and Norway (n = 171) read ...
Chan C - - 2013
BackgroundProfessional musicians report a high prevalence of performance-related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMDs). Excessive muscle tension and fatigue have been reported as important factors contributing to PRMDs.AimsTo evaluate feasibility and effectiveness of a specific exercise programme delivered via a digital video disc (DVD) targeting PRMDs and associated risk factors.MethodsVolunteers from eight Australian ...
Fitzgerald Nicholas M NM University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia; Department of Respiratory Medicine, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, - - 2013
A decrease in diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) after exercise has been reported in healthy adults. There is limited information for post-exercise DLCO available in children either in health or in disease. To evaluate (1) reproducibility of DLCO measures in children, (2) differences in DLCO between elite athletic swimmers ...
Fragala Maren S MS Institute of Exercise Physiology and Wellness, University of Central Florida, 4000 Central Florida Blvd, Orlando, FL, 32816, USA, - - 2014
N-terminal peptide of procollagen type III (P3NP) and C-terminal agrin fragment (CAF) are circulating biomarkers that are related to lean body mass in older adults. P3NP is a circulating marker reflective of muscular structural remodeling while CAF is a circulating marker of neuromuscular remodeling. As resistance exercise is an established ...
Mouridsen Mette Rauhe - - 2013
Abstract Objective: We investigated the diagnostic value of exercise-induced increase in cardiac Troponin T (cTnT) in stable chest pain subjects. Methods: CTnT was measured before and 20 h after an exercise test in 157 subjects suspected of coronary artery disease (CAD). Results: CAD subjects (n = 41) had higher baseline cTnT levels compared ...
Hecksteden Anne - - 2013
The recent discovery of a new myokin (irisin) potentially involved in health-related training effects has gained great attention, but evidence for a training-induced increase in irisin remains preliminary. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine whether irisin concentration is increased after regular exercise training in humans. In a randomized controlled ...
Alayat Mohamed Salaheldien Mohamed - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the effect of high-intensity laser therapy (HILT), alone or combined with exercise, in the treatment of chronic low back pain (CLBP). A total of 72 male patients participated in this study, with a mean (SD) age of 32.81 (4.48) years. Patients were ...
LE Meur Yann - - 2013
We analyzed HR variability (HRV) to detect alterations in autonomic function that may be associated with functional overreaching (F-OR) in endurance athletes. Twenty-one trained male triathletes were randomly assigned to either intensified training (n = 13) or normal training (n = 8) groups during 5 wk. HRV measures were taken ...
Sage Michael - - 2013
Background: Rating of perceived exertion (RPE) is used to monitor or prescribe workload of exercise, but its utility among individuals with a stroke remains in question. Objective: To examine the validity of RPE at multiple percentages of peak aerobic capacity (Vo2peak) in individuals in the subacute stage of stroke recovery. ...
Åhlund Kristina K Department of Research and Development, NU-Hospital Organisation, (Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg), SE-461 85 Trollhättan, Sweden. - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine fear-avoidance beliefs in patients after first-time myocardial infarction and to determine how such beliefs change over time. A further aim was to analyse fear-avoidance beliefs and physical activity levels in patients attending exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation led by a registered physiotherapist, compared with ...
Beck D T - - 2013
Prehypertension is associated with reduced conduit artery endothelial function and perturbation of oxidant/antioxidant status. It is unknown whether endothelial dysfunction persists to resistance arteries and whether exercise training affects oxidant/antioxidant balance in young prehypertensives. We examined resistance artery function using venous occlusion plethysmography measurement of forearm (FBF) and calf blood ...
Ismail Hashbullah H School of Science and Technology, University of New England, Armidale, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to establish whether aerobic exercise training intensity produces different effect sizes for fitness, adherence, event rates, mortality rates, and hospitalization rates in patients with heart failure. Intuitively, greater exercise intensity is considered to result in higher risk for serious events, but intensity may be ...
Rollo Ian I School of Sport Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, - - 2014
The physical-performance profiles of subelite male footballers were monitored during 6 wk of a competitive season. The same squad of players played either 1 (1G, n = 15) or 2 (2G, n = 15) competitive matches per week. On weeks 0, 3, and 6, 48 h postmatch, players completed countermovement ...
Kiwata Jacqueline - - 2013
Consistent, moderate-to-vigorous intensity exercise has been associated with a lower risk of upper respiratory tract infection (URI). However, the molecular basis for this apparent protection has not yet been fully resolved. Host-derived lipids such as cholesteryl esters (CEs) have emerged as important effector molecules of innate defense against infections. Here, ...
Galace de Freitas Diego - - 2013
To evaluate the effects of pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) and exercises in reducing pain and improving function and muscle strength in patients with shoulder impingement syndrome (SIS). Double-blind randomized clinical trial, with a 3 month post-treatment follow-up. Outpatient Rehabilitation of a public hospital PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-six patients between 40 and 60 ...
Felker G Michael GM Division of Cardiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, - - 2013
ST2 is involved in cardioprotective signaling in the myocardium and has been identified as a potentially promising biomarker in heart failure (HF). We evaluated ST2 levels and their association with functional capacity and long-term clinical outcomes in a cohort of ambulatory patients with HF enrolled in the Heart Failure: A ...
de Marche Baldon Rodrigo - - 2013
To verify the effects of plyometric training on lower limb kinematics, eccentric hip and knee torques, and functional performance. Cohort study. Research laboratory. Thirty-six females were divided into a training group (TG; n = 18), which carried out the plyometric training for 8 weeks, and a control group (CG; n ...
Breese Brynmor Charles - - 2013
Severe-intensity exercise initiated from an elevated metabolic rate would be expected to enhance the proportional activation of higher-order (type II) muscle fibers. The purpose of this study was therefore to test the hypothesis that, compared to placebo (PL), NO3--rich beetroot juice (BR) supplementation would speed the phase II vo2 kinetics ...
Ericsson Ylva B - - 2013
The additional effect of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction on muscle strength and physical performance after a structured exercise programme is not well understood. To investigate and compare muscle strength and physical performance test results after a structured exercise programme, in young active adults with acute ACL injury, between those ...
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