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Choi Hee Eun HE Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
To compare the rate of progression of de novo lesion between the cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and control groups. This is a retrospective observational study. Patients who received drug-eluting stent (DES) due to acute coronary syndrome were included as subjects. The CR group received eight weeks of early CR program, and ...
Scuarcialupi Maria Enedina Aquino ME Paraíba School of Medical Sciences, João Pessoa, - - 2014
To investigate the modulatory effects that dynamic hyperinflation (DH), defined as a reduction in inspiratory capacity (IC), has on exercise tolerance after bronchodilator in patients with COPD. An experimental, randomized study involving 30 COPD patients without severe hypoxemia. At baseline, the patients underwent clinical assessment, spirometry, and incremental cardiopulmonary exercise ...
Heine Martin M M. Heine, MSc, Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience and Center of Excellence for Rehabilitation Medicine, University Medical Center Utrecht and Rehabilitation Center De Hoogstraat, Rembrandtkade 10, 3583 TM, Utrecht, the - - 2014
BackgroundCardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) can be considered the gold standard for the assessment of cardiorespiratory fitness. Little is known about the criteria for maximal exercise testing in patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and how these criteria behave across different levels of neurological disability.ObjectiveThe objective of the present study was twofold: ...
Balachandran Sulakshana S Physiotherapy Department, The University of Melbourne, Carlton, Victoria, Australia (Ms Balachandran and Drs Lee, Denehy, and El-Ansary); and Department of Surgery, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia (Dr - - 2014
Following cardiac surgery via median sternotomy, patients are routinely advised to adhere to upper limb restrictions to prevent the development of sternal complications. However, there is no definitive evidence to support the clinical application of such restrictions. The purpose of this study was to investigate current physiotherapy practice regarding upper ...
Taveggia Giovanni G Professor/Physician, Habilita, Istituto Clinico Ospedale di Sarnico, Sarnico, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the application of analyzing treadmill, muscle strengthening, and balance training compared with a standard care intervention in patients with diabetic neuropathy. Twenty-seven patients, 63% female (mean ± standard deviations age, 72 ±9 years), with diabetic neuropathy randomly assigned to ...
Ruell Patricia A PA Exercise, Health and Performance Faculty Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, Lidcombe, P.O. Box 170, Sydney, NSW, 1825, Australia, - - 2014
We investigated the effect of exercise in the heat on both intracellular and extracellular Hsp72 in athletes with a prior history of exertional heat illness (EHI). Two groups of runners, one consisting of athletes who had a previous history of EHI, and a control group (CON) of similar age (29.7 ± 1.2 ...
Dundar U U Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, Kocatepe University, 03200, Afyon, Turkey, - - 2014
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic systemic inflammatory disease that affects mainly the axial skeleton and causes significant pain and disability. Aquatic (water-based) exercise may have a beneficial effect in various musculoskeletal conditions. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of aquatic exercise interventions with land-based exercises ...
Regardt Malin M Department of Occupational Therapy, Karolinska University Hospital, Solna, Sweden; Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to develop a 12-week hand exercise intervention for patients with polymyositis (PM) and dermatomyositis (DM) and evaluate adherence, patients' opinions of the programme design and overall feasibility, and the effect on hand function and activity limitation after the intervention. A pilot hand exercise ...
Theodosiou Konstantinos K 1Laboratory of Sport Biomechanics, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Science at Serres, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, and 2Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Science, University of Athens, - - 2014
This study investigated the effects of short-term eccentric exercise training using a custom made isokinetic leg press device, on concentric and eccentric strength and explosiveness as well as jumping performance. Nineteen healthy males were divided into an eccentric (ECC, n=10) and a control group (CG, n=9). The ECC group trained ...
Park Kyung-Mi KM 1Applied Kinesiology and Ergonomic Technology Laboratory, Department of Physical Therapy, The Graduate School, Yonsei University, Wonju, Gangwon-do, South Korea. 2Department of Physical Therapy, The Graduate School, Yonsei University, Wonju, Gangwon-do, South - - 2014
To examine differences between males with and without scapular winging in the electromyographic (EMG) amplitude and activity ratio between the pectoralis major (PM) and serratus anterior (SA) during 3 push-up plus exercises; the standard push-up plus (SPP), the knee push-up plus (KPP), and the wall push-up plus (WPP), and to ...
Bratt Ewa-Lena EL 1 Department of Paediatrics, Institute of Clinical Sciences, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, - - 2014
Aim: The use of β-blocker therapy in asymptomatic patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is controversial. This study evaluates the effect of lifestyle changes and high-dose β-blocker therapy on their exercise capacity. Methods and results: A total of 29 consecutive newly diagnosed asymptomatic patients with familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, median age 15 years ...
Borghi-Silva A A Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Laboratory, Physical Therapy Department, Federal University of São Carlos, São Carlos, São Paulo; 2 Department of Medicine, Federal University of São Carlos, São Carlos, São Paulo;3 PneumoCardioVascular & Respiratory Muscles Lab, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Rio Grande do Norte; 4 Department of Physical Therapy and Integrative Physiology Laboratory, College of Applied Health Sciences, University of Illinois Chicago;5 Department of Physical Therapy, University Nove de Julho, São Paulo, São Paulo - - - 2014
Background: Exercise is an important part of COPD treatment. However, it is not know about the minimum effective time of physical training that could beneficially modify the cardiac autonomic modulation (CAM) and exercise capacity in these patients. Aim: To contrast the potential effects of a physical training program (PTP), for ...
Pikto-Pietkiewicz Witold - - 2014
INTRODUCTION Diabetes (DM) strongly increases the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and the active search for this complication is suggested by the guidelines. OBJECTIVES We investigated diagnostic usefulness of combined exercise diagnostic score (EDS) derived from clinical and exercise treadmill test (ETT) data in comparison to standard ETT in diabetics. PATIENTS ...
Connell Louise A LA Clinical Practice Research Unit, University of Central Lancashire, PR1 2HE Preston, United Kingdom. - - 2014
To investigate the current practice of physiotherapists and occupational therapists in prescribing upper limb exercises to people after stroke and to explore differences between professions and work settings. A cross-sectional survey design. Occupational therapists and physiotherapists working in UK stroke rehabilitation. The survey's response rate was 21.0% (n = 322); ...
Scharhag-Rosenberger Friederike F 1National Center for Tumor Diseases (NCT), Heidelberg, Germany; 2German University of Applied Sciences for Prevention and Health Management (DHfPG), Saarbrücken, Germany; 3Saarland University, Institute of Sports and Preventive Medicine, Saarbrücken, Germany; 4Saarland University, Institute for Molecular Cell Biology, Homburg, - - 2014
To investigate the effects of a 6 months preventive resistance training program on resting metabolic rate (RMR) and its associations with fat free mass (FFM) and the newly described myokine irisin as two potential mechanistic links between exercise training and RMR. In a randomized controlled trial, 74 sedentary healthy male ...
Slettaløkken Gunnar G 1Lillehammer University College, Lillehammer, - - 2014
Reduced endurance training among semi-professional soccer players during off-season may have negative effect on game performance during the competition season. This negative effect can be prevented by adding high-intensity interval training (HIT) to normal activity. In the present study we want to compare two different frequencies of HIT (5 bouts ...
Pelletier C A CA Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, - - 2014
Study design:Sixteen-week follow-up study.Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of referral from a health-care provider to regular exercise combined with 16 weeks of counselling support following discharge from inpatient or outpatient spinal cord injury (SCI) rehabilitation.Setting:Two rehabilitation centres in Canada.Methods:Seventeen participants (age 42.1±10.6 years, C3-T12, ASIA impairment score A-C) were recruited at ...
Keteyian Steven J SJ Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, - - 2014
We tested the hypothesis that higher-intensity interval training (HIIT) could be deployed into a standard cardiac rehabilitation (CR) setting and would result in a greater increase in cardiorespiratory fitness (ie, peak oxygen uptake, VO2) versus moderate-intensity continuous training (MCT). Thirty-nine patients participating in a standard phase 2 CR program were ...
Holliss Ben A BA 1College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK 2British Swimming Bath ITC, Sports Training Village, University of Bath, Bath, UK 3Centre for Health, Applied Sport and Exercise Science, St. Mary's University College, Twickenham, UK (conducted - - 2014
It is unclear whether intermittent hypoxic training (IHT) results in improvements in physiological variables associated with endurance running. 12 highly trained runners (V[Combining Dot Above]O2peak 70.0 ± 3.5 mL kg min) performed incremental treadmill tests to exhaustion in normobaric normoxia and hypoxia (16.0% FIO2) to assess submaximal and maximal physiological ...
Wilms B B 1] Obesity Center, Cantonal Hospital, St Gallen, Switzerland [2] Exercise Physiology Lab, Institute of Human Movement Sciences, ETH Zurich, Zurich, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:The metabolic equivalent (MET) is a construct that is commonly used to quantify physical activity as well as exercise performance. '1 MET' is equated to a resting oxygen uptake of 3.5 ml O2/kg/min. However, this assumption is unlikely valid in obese subjects. The aim of our study was to quantify the ...
Esco Michael R MR a Human Performance Laboratory , Auburn University at Montgomery , Montgomery , AL , - - 2014
Abstract This study was conducted to determine if the Polar FT40 could accurately track changes in maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) in a group of female soccer players. Predicted VO2max (pVO2max) via the Polar FT40 and observed VO2max (aVO2max) from a maximal exercise test on a treadmill were determined for members ...
Clemm Hege H HH Haukeland University Hospital, Pediatrics, Bergen, Norway, University of Bergen, Department of Clinical Science, Bergen, Norway ; - - 2014
Rationale: Extremely preterm (EP) birth is associated with a series of adverse health outcomes, some of which may be alleviated by improved physical fitness. However, EP born subjects are reportedly less physically active than term-born peers. Measures of exercise capacity are poorly described in this group, and longitudinal data are ...
Berg Selina Kikkenborg SK 1The Heart Centre Unit 2151, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, - - 2014
Aims:The aim of this randomised clinical trial was to assess a comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation intervention including exercise training and psycho-education vs 'treatment as usual' in patients treated with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD).Methods:In this study 196 patients with first time ICD implantation (mean age 57.2 (standard deviation (SD)=13.2); 79% men) ...
Yoo Won-Gyu WG Department of Physical Therapy, College of Biomedical Science and Engineering, Inje University and Elderly Life Redesign Institute, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] This study examined the effects of a relaxation chair and resting with simple range of motion exercises during computer work and low back muscle strengthening exercises after computer work on pain and the flexion-relaxation (FR) ratio of one computer worker with LBP. [Subjects] The subject of this study was ...
Novković Dobrivoje - - 2014
Physical activity is a common stimulus of asthmatic symptoms manifestation. Airway hyperreactivity is a predisposing cause of exercise induced bronchial obstruction, diagnosed by histamine inhalation. The aim of this study was to determine the relation between the amounts of histamine needed to induce non-specific airway hyperreactivity and exercise-induced bronchial obstruction. ...
Sundby Oyvind Heiberg OH 1 e-mail: gorelick@sfsu.edu San Francisco State University Department of Kinesiology, 1600 Holloway Ave, San Francisco CA 94132-4161 Tel: +1 415-338-1671 Fax: +1 - - 2014
Sundby, ØH, Gorelick, M. Relationship between functional hamstring:quadriceps ratios and running economy in highly trained and recreational female runnersThe purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between running economy (RE), functional hamstring:quadriceps peak torque ratios (f-H:Q) and flexibility among female runners. Seven highly trained female (HT) runners (age ...
Macaluso Filippo F 1University of - - 2014
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate skeletal muscle changes induced by an acute bout of plyometric exercise (PlyEx) both before and after PlyEx training, to understand if titin is affected differently after PlyEx training. Methods: Healthy untrained individuals (N=11) completed the 1(st)PlyEx (10x10 squat-jumps, 1min rest). Thereafter, ...
Shaikh Zarrin F ZF Imperial College London, Department of Sleep and Ventilation, London, United Kingdom ; - - 2014
Rationale Patent foramen ovale (PFO) may be disadvantageous in COPD. It is unknown whether right to left shunting through PFO increases during exercise impairing exercise performance. Objectives To determine whether: 1) PFO prevalence is greater in hypoxemic versus less hypoxemic COPD patients, 2) PFO is associated with clinically relevant impairment, ...
Delaney C L CL Department of Vascular Surgery, Flinders University, Adelaide, - - 2014
Supervised exercise training (SET) is recommended for patients with intermittent claudication (IC). The optimal exercise programme has not been identified, and the potential adverse effects of exercise on these patients warrant consideration. Calpain proteases have been linked with tissue atrophy following ischaemia-reperfusion injury. High calpain activity may therefore cause muscle ...
Martin Kristy K UCNISS, University of Canberra, Canberra, ACT, - - 2014
Nitrate supplementation improves endurance exercise and single bouts of high-intensity activity, but the effect on repeated sprints is unclear. This study is the first to investigate the effects of acute dietary nitrate supplementation during a high-intensity intermittent-sprint test to exhaustion. Team-sport athletes (9 males, age 22.3±2.1 yrs, VO2 max 57.4±8.5 ...
Khayambashi Khalil K College of Sport Sciences, University of Isfahan. Isfahan - - 2014
Comparative control trial OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of posterolateral hip muscle strengthening versus quadriceps strengthening in reducing pain and improving health status in persons with patellofemoral pain (PFP). Comparative control trial. Private rehabilitation facility PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-six persons with a diagnosis of PFP (18 males and 18 females). Male and ...
Fritz Julie M JM Professor, University of Utah, Department of Physical Therapy and Clinical Outcomes Research Scientist, Intermountain Healthcare, Salt Lake City, - - 2014
Study Design Randomized clinical trial. Objective To examine the effectiveness of cervical traction in addition to exercise for specific subgroups of patients with neck pain. Background Cervical traction is frequently used but its effectiveness has not been adequately examined. A critique of existing studies is a failure to target patients ...
Hofmann Tobias T Division for General Internal and Psychosomatic Medicine, Charité Center for Internal Medicine and Dermatology, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin , Berlin , - - 2014
Irisin was recently identified as muscle-derived hormone that increases energy expenditure. Studies in normal weight and obese subjects reported an increased irisin expression following physical activity, although inconsistent results were observed. Increased physical activity in a subgroup of patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) complicates the course of the disease. Since ...
Cantrell Gregory S GS Body Composition and Physical Performance Laboratory, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK, USA, - - 2014
This study was designed to examine whether concurrent sprint interval and strength training (CT) would result in compromised strength development when compared to strength training (ST) alone. In addition, maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) and time to exhaustion (TTE) were measured to determine if sprint interval training (SIT) would augment aerobic ...
Hatle Håvard H K.G. Jebsen Centre of Exercise in Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway ; Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, NTNU, Trondheim, - - 2014
The training response of an intensified period of high-intensity exercise is not clear. Therefore, we compared the cardiovascular adaptations of completing 24 high-intensity aerobic interval training sessions carried out for either three or eight weeks, respectively. Twenty-one healthy subjects (23.0±2.1 years, 10 females) completed 24 high-intensity training sessions throughout a ...
Lee Sangyong S Department of Physical Therapy, Youngdong University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) for patients with chronic low back pain and their dynamic balance ability. [Subjects] Twenty-eight patients with chronic low back were divided into an extracorporeal shockwave therapy group (ESWTG: n=13) and a conservative physical ...
Lee Chae-Woo CW Department of Rehabilitation Science, Graduate School, Daegu University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to compare two methods for the muscle stabilization of the trunk of patients with chronic low back pain. The methods comprised combination patterns of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) and ball exercise. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were 40 volunteers who had low back ...
Kim Hyun Ju HJ College of Nursing, Pusan Catholic University, Pusan, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] To evaluate the effects of early passive range of motion exercise on the function of upper extremities and activities of daily living in patients with acute stroke. [Methods] A total of 37 patients with acute stroke in intensive care units, were assigned to the experimental group (n=19) and control ...
Hogan Neasa N 0000-0001-8058-4015 Clinical Therapies Department, University of Limerick, Limerick, - - 2014
Background. Mobility limitations are a key feature of MS and 25% will require the use of a walking aid 15 years after diagnosis. Few studies have specifically evaluated the effectiveness of physiotherapy and exercise interventions delivered in the community for those with significant disability. Methods. An assessor blind, block randomised, ...
Giannotti Erika E Rehabilitation Unit, Department of Neurosciences, University of Padua, Via Giustiniani 3, 35128 Padua, - - 2014
Objective. To propose a rehabilitation protocol able to produce immediate and long-term beneficial effects on level of disability and overall performance in ADLs. Materials and Methods. Forty-one FM patients were randomized to an exercise and educational-behavioral programme group (experimental group, EG = 21) or to a control group (CG = ...
Wang Hsing-Kuo HK a School and Graduate Institute of Physical Therapy, College of Medicine , National Taiwan University Taipei , Taiwan , Republic of - - 2014
This study investigated and compared the effects of an eight-week program of whole body vibration combined with counter-movement jumping (WBV + CMJ) or counter-movement jumping (CMJ) alone on players. Twenty-four men's volleyball players of league A or B were randomized to the WBV + CMJ or CMJ groups (n = ...
Hosler Akiko S AS Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University at Albany School of Public Health, One University Place, Rensselaer, NY 12144, - - 2014
Little is known about the relationship between objectively measured walkability and walking for exercise among adults with diabetes. Information regarding walking behavior of adults with diabetes residing in 3 Upstate New York counties was collected through an interview survey. Walkability measures were collected through an environmental audit of a sample ...
Lombardi Carlo C Cardiology, Department of Medical and Surgical Specialties, Radiological Sciences, and Public Health, University and Civil Hospital of Brescia, Brescia, - - 2014
Amino acids (AAs) availability is reduced in patients with heart failure (HF) leading to abnormalities in cardiac and skeletal muscle metabolism, and eventually to a reduction in functional capacity and quality of life. In this study, we investigate the effects of oral supplementation with essential and semi-essential AAs for three ...
Scribbans Trisha D TD School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, - - 2014
The current study involved the completion of two distinct experiments. Experiment 1 compared fibre specific and whole muscle responses to acute bouts of either low-volume high-intensity interval training (LV-HIT) or moderate-intensity continuous endurance exercise (END) in a randomized crossover design. Experiment 2 examined the impact of a six-week training intervention ...
Houchen-Wolloff Linzy L Centre for Exercise and Rehabilitation Science, Respiratory Biomedical Research Unit, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester, - - 2014
It is proposed that resistance training (RT) does not activate the cardiopulmonary system to the same extent as whole-body exercise. This is important for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who are ventilatory limited. The aim was to assess the ventilatory response to an isokinetic quadriceps RT program in ...
Kim Jisu J Laboratory of Exercise Nutrition, Department of Physical Education, Konkuk University, 120, Neungdong-ro, Gwangin-gu, Seoul 143-701, Republic of - - 2014
We previously reported that silk peptide (SP) treatment led to increased resting fat oxidation in exercised mice. However, it was not known whether SP treatment could effectively increase exercise capacity. Accordingly, this study aimed to examine whether SP treatment affected energy metabolism during exercise in addition to exercise performance. We ...
Barzegari Ali A Physical education Department, Payam Noor University, 19395-4697, Babol, - - 2014
Vaspin is associated with decreased blood glucose concentration. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of resistance exercise training on plasma vaspin and lipid profile levels in patients with type 2 diabetes. Thirty men were divided into 2 groups: control (n=15), and resistance exercise (n=15). The resistance group ...
Dixit Snehil S Department of Physiotherapy, School of Allied Health Sciences (SOAHS), Manipal University, Manipal, 576104, Karnataka, India. Electronic address: - - 2013
To evaluate the effect of moderate intensity aerobic exercise (40%-60% of Heart Rate Reserve (HRR)) on diabetic peripheral neuropathy. A parallel-group, randomized controlled trial was carried out in a tertiary health care setting, India. The study comprised of experimental (moderate intensity aerobic exercise and standard care) and control groups (standard ...
Lan Xiaofang - - 2013
It has been well documented that exercise promotes neurological rehabilitation in patients with cerebral ischemia. However, the exact mechanisms have not been fully elucidated. This study aimed to discuss the effect of treadmill exercise on expression levels of 5-HT, 5-HT1A receptor (5-HT1AR) and brain derived neurophic factor (BDNF) in rat ...
Porter David A DA Methodist Sports Medicine Center, Thomas A. Brady Clinic, Indianapolis, IN, - - 2013
This is the first study to evaluate the effect of an acute bout of exercise on strength evaluation after Achilles tendon (AT) rupture and repair. Forty patients sustained an acute AT injury and met inclusion criteria for this study. At a minimum of 12 months after operative repair, patients were ...
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