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Kędzierski W W Department of Animal Biochemistry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine,University of Life Sciences in Lublin,Akademicka 12,20-033 - - 2014
Leptin is a tissue-derivative adipokine that regulates appetite, food intake and energy expenditure. It is still not clear how exercise affects plasma leptin concentration in horses. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of exercise intensity and duration on plasma leptin levels in working horses. A total ...
Schubert Matthew M MM Griffith University - - 2014
Combining an exercise and nutritional intervention is arguably the optimal method of creating energy imbalance for weight loss. This study sought to determine if combining exercise and caffeine supplementation was more effective for promoting acute energy deficits and manipulations to substrate metabolism than exercise alone. Fourteen recreationally-active participants (Mean ± ...
Hansen D D REVAL - Rehabilitation Research Center, BIOMED - Biomedical Research Center, Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences, Hasselt University, Diepenbeek, Belgium; Heart Centre Hasselt, Jessa Hospital, Hasselt, - - 2014
To prescribe feasible and medically safe exercise interventions for obese adolescents, it remains to be determined whether exercise tolerance is altered and whether anomalous cardiopulmonary responses during maximal exercise testing are present. Studies that examined cardiopulmonary responses to maximal exercise testing in obese adolescents were searched: cardiopulmonary exercise tests with ...
Mendelson M M Univ Grenoble Alpes, HP2 F-38000, Grenoble, France; Inserm, HP2, F-38000 Grenoble, France; CHU de Grenoble, HP2, F-38000, Grenoble, - - 2014
Exercise training has been shown to improve cardiometabolic health in obese adolescents. Evaluate the impact of a 12-week exercise-training programme (without caloric restriction) on obese adolescents' cardiometabolic and vascular risk profiles. We measured systemic markers of oxidation, inflammation, metabolic variables and endothelial function in 20 obese adolescents (OB) (age: 14.5 ± 1.5 years; ...
Heinrich Katie M - - 2014
Understanding exercise participation for overweight and obese adults is critical for preventing comorbid conditions. Group-based high-intensity functional training (HIFT) provides time-efficient aerobic and resistance exercise at self-selected intensity levels which can increase adherence; behavioral responses to HIFT are unknown. This study examined effects of HIFT as compared to moderate-intensity aerobic ...
Michell V V UNIRIO, Urca/Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014
This study aimed to observe the effects of a concurrent physical training program (CPTP) on aerobic power and body composition in adults. The final sample was composed of 71 non-athletic men, randomized into 2 groups: experimental group (EG, N.=42, 45±8.46 years) and control group (CG, N.=29, 47±8.34 years). Body composition ...
Astiz S S Departamento de Reproducción Animal, INIA, Avda. Puerta de Hierro s/n., 28040, Madrid, Spain - - 2014
The prevention and treatment of obesity in children is based in adequate nutrition and exercise plus anti-hyperglycaemic drugs. Currently, the incidence of childhood obesity is aggravated in ethnicities with thrifty genotype, but there is no previous information on the effects of metformin therapy. The relative effects of lifestyle and metformin ...
Passos M C F MC Institute of Nutrition, State University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, - - 2014
Adiponectin is an adipocyte-derived abundant plasma protein, also called Acrp30 (adipocyte complement-related protein), adipoQ, ApM1 (AdiPose Most abundant Gene transcript 1), or GBP28 (gelatin-binding protein-28). Insulin resistance is a primary contributing factor in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes. Adiponectin binds to adiponectin receptors AdipoR1 and AdipoR2, and exerts antidiabetic ...
Ten Hoor Gill A GA aDepartment of Human Biology, Research School NUTRIM, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht bDepartment of Work and Social Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The - - 2014
Optimizing the approach to combat childhood obesity, we emphasize the importance of combining both biological and psychological knowledge. In such an approach, strength exercises might be an important aspect in the treatment and prevention of childhood obesity. Recent evidence indicates plausible effects of the role of resistance exercise in combating ...
Vancampfort Davy D KU Leuven Department of Neurosciences, University Psychiatric Centre KU Leuven, Campus Kortenberg , Kortenberg , Belgium - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: The primary aim was to compare the functional exercise capacity between obese treatment-seeking people with and without binge eating disorder (BED) and non-obese controls. The secondary aim was to identify clinical variables including eating and physical activity behaviour, physical complaints, psychopathology and physical self-perception variables in obese people ...
Robinson Paul D PD Department of Respiratory Medicine, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; Discipline of Paediatrics and Child Health, Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Obesity has complex and incompletely understood effects upon the respiratory system in childhood, which differs in some aspects to those seen in adults. There is increasing evidence that excess adiposity will impact negatively upon static and dynamic respiratory function as measured through lung volumes, lung compartment mechanics, measures of airway ...
Rodriguez-Sanchez Nidia N Health and Exercise Sciences Research Group, School of Sport, University of Stirling, Stirling, - - 2014
Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is a popular tool to determine body composition (BC) in athletes, and is used for analysis of fat-free soft tissue mass (FFST) or fat mass (FM) gain/loss in response to exercise or nutritional interventions. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect ...
Sasaki Hiroyuki H Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, School of Advanced Science and Engineering, Waseda University , Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo , - - 2014
In mice, obesity has been observed not only in those freely fed a high-fat diet (HFD) but also in those fed while physically inactive. In contrast, a HFD during physically active periods protects against obesity and the impairments in the circadian rhythm induced by free feeding of a HFD. Although ...
Lee Jin Seok JS Exercise Physiology Lab, Department of Physical Education, Graduate School, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Decline in muscle endurance and strength as well as attenuated cardiac function with aging not only leads to overall physical function decline but also has a close relationship with cardiovascular disease occurrence. This study examined the effects of an 8-week combined training program (i.e., consisting of both aerobic and resistance ...
Mendham Amy E AE School of Human Movement Studies, Charles Sturt University, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study assessed the effect of a 12-week sports-based exercise intervention on glucose regulation, anthropometry and inflammatory markers associated with the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Indigenous Australian men. Twenty-six inactive Indigenous Australian men (48.6±6.6 years) were randomized into exercise (n=16) or control (n=10)conditions. Training included ∼2-3 ...
Post Robert E RE From the Department of Family Medicine, Virtua Health System, Voorhees, New Jersey, and the Department of Family Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, - - 2014
To evaluate the real-world use of various weight loss techniques and to compare the effectiveness of nontraditional methods with diet and exercise in helping nongeriatric adults lose weight. A cross-sectional analysis of the 2005-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey was performed. Adult, nonpregnant participants aged 20 to 65 years ...
Carvalho Alberto A Research Center in Sports Science, Health and Human Development (CIDESD), Portugal. ; Human Movement Laboratory - Higher Education Institute of Maia (ISMAI), - - 2014
The purpose of the present study was to identify the effects of a strength training program combined with specific plyometric exercises on body composition, vertical jump (VJ) height and strength development of lower limbs in elite male handball players. A 12-week program with combined strength and specific plyometric exercises was ...
Wang Ru - - 2014
Exercise and diet are the cornerstones for the treatment of obesity in obese children and adolescents. However, compensatory changes in appetite and energy expenditure elicited by exercise and dieting make it hard to maintain a reduced weight over the longterm. The anorexic effect of hypoxia can be potentially utilized to ...
Poggiogalle Eleonora E Department of Experimental Medicine, Pathophysiology, Food Science and Endocrinology Section, Food Science and Human Nutrition Research Unit, "CASCO" High Specialization Center for Obesity Care, Sapienza University of Rome, P.le Aldo Moro n. 5, 00185, Rome, Italy, - - 2014
In recent years, mounting interest has been directed to sarcopenic obesity (SO), given the parallel increase of life expectancy and prevalence of obesity in Western countries. The phenotype of SO is characterized by the coexistence of excess fat mass and decreased muscle mass, leading to the impairment of physical performance. ...
Goh Victor H H VH Department of Medical Education, Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University , Bentley, Western Australia , - - 2014
Abstract Background: We evaluated how the intensity of physical exercise as a lifestyle habit is associated with age, body composition and handgrip strength. Methods: Total body composition was analyzed using DEXA. Exercise scores were derived from an administered questionnaire and the scoring was calculated using the Metabolic Equivalent of Task ...
Thivel D D Healthy Active Living and Obesity Research Group, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
AIM: : To examine energy intake adaptations to a 10-week aerobic exercise program in obese adolescents. Twenty-six 12-17 year old obese adolescents were asked to cycle twice a week for an hour in a research laboratory. Body composition, aerobic fitness (submaximal fitness test) and energy intake (3-day food record) were ...
Lichtenstein Mia B MB *Centre for Eating Disorders, Institute of Clinical Research, Odense University Hospital, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark; †Department of Endocrinology, Institute of Clinical Research, Odense University Hospital, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark; ‡Medical Research Laboratory, Department of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University, Aarhus C, Denmark; and §Department of Endocrinology, Centre for Eating Disorders, Odense University Hospital, Odense, - - 2014
To test a hypothesized association between resting leptin levels (adjusted for body fat percentage) and symptoms of primary exercise addiction. Cross-sectional design. Habitual amateur exercisers participating in running, fitness, weight training, and biking. Twenty men with exercise addiction as defined by the Exercise Addiction Inventory (EAI scores 24-30) and 20 ...
Myers Candice A - - 2014
Weight loss induced only by exercise is frequently less than expected, possibly because of compensatory changes in energy intake and/or energy expenditure. The purpose of the Examination of Mechanisms of Exercise-Induced Weight Compensation (E-MECHANIC) trial is to examine whether increased energy intake and/or reduced spontaneous activity or energy expenditure (outside ...
Jacobson Bert H BH School of Applied Health and Educational Psychology Athletic Department, Oklahoma State University, Health and Human Performance, Oklahoma State - - 2014
Typical strength training for football includes the squat and power clean and routinely measured variables include 1-RM squat and 1-RM power clean along with the vertical jump for power. However, little research exists regarding the association between the strength exercises and velocity of an actual on-the field performance. The purpose ...
Gutierrez Jean J Department of Exercise Science, The George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services, Washington, - - 2014
People with a family history of type 2 diabetes have lower energy expenditure (EE) and more obesity than those having no such family history. Resistance exercise (RE) may induce excess post-exercise energy expenditure (EPEE) and reduce long-term risk for obesity in this susceptible group. To determine the effect of RE ...
Kim D-I DI Department of Sport and Leisure Studies, Yonsei University, Seoul, - - 2014
Study design:Preclinical and postclinical intervention and outcomes measure design.Objective:To investigate the efficacy of six weeks of motor-driven functional electronic stimulation (FES) rowing exercise intervention on cardiopulmonary fitness, upper body strength and body composition in people with spinal cord injury (SCI).Setting:The National Rehabilitation Center in Korea.Methods:A total of 12 people with ...
Lee Bo-Ae BA Department of Physical Education, College of Education, Pusan National University, Busan, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of aquatic exercise on body composition, physical fitness, and vascular compliance of obese elementary school students. For the purpose of this study, 20 obese elementary students were selected as subjects. The subjects were then divided into two groups: the swimming ...
Aiello Marina - - 2014
Obese patients (OB) with COPD may better tolerate exercise as compared to normal weight (NW) COPD patients, even if the reason of this fact is not completely understood. We investigated the interactions between obesity, lung hyperinflation, fat-free mass (FMM) and exercise capacity in COPD. Forty-four patients (16 females; age 65 ...
Dobrosielski Devon A DA 1Department of Kinesiology, Towson University, Towson, MD; 2Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore MD; 3Department of Biostatistics, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD; 4Division of Cardiology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore - - 2014
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is prevalent among older individuals and is linked to increased cardiovascular disease morbidity. This study examined the change in OSA severity following exercise training and dietary induced weight loss in older adults and the association between the changes in OSA severity, body composition and aerobic capacity ...
Arciero Paul J PJ Skidmore College - - 2014
The present study examined the effects of timed-ingestion of supplemental protein (20g servings of whey protein, 3X/day) added to the habitual diet of free-living overweight/obese adults and subsequently randomized to either whey protein only (P, n=24), whey protein and resistance exercise (P+RT, n=27), or a whey protein and multi-mode exercise ...
Brennan Leah L Centre for Obesity Research and Education, Monash University, Level 6, The Alfred Centre, 99 Commercial Road, Melbourne, VIC, Australia, - - 2014
Overweight and obesity are global health problems which are increasing throughout the industrialised world. If left unchecked, they will continue to contribute to the ever increasing non communicable disease burden. To assess the effects of psychological interventions for overweight or obesity as a means of achieving sustained weight loss. Studies ...
Schaeffer David J DJ Department of Neuroscience, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, - - 2014
In childhood, excess adiposity and low fitness are linked to poor academic performance, lower cognitive function, and differences in brain structure. Identifying ways to mitigate obesity-related alterations is of current clinical importance. This study examined the effects of an 8-month exercise intervention on the uncinate fasciculus, a white matter fiber ...
Deighton Kevin K School of Sport, Leeds Metropolitan University, Leeds LS6 3QS, - - 2014
Recent years have witnessed significant interest from both the scientific community and the media regarding the influence of exercise on subsequent appetite and energy intake responses. This review demonstrates a consensus among the majority of scientific investigations that an acute bout of land-based endurance exercise does not stimulate any compensatory ...
Tyler Jennifer M - - 2014
Childhood overweight and obesity is a major health concern in the United States. It is recommended that every well-child examination include body mass index measurements and obesity prevention discussions that encourage healthy eating habits, regular physical exercise, and limited television and computer screen time. Providers can make a difference through ...
Napoli Nicola N Division of Endocrinology, University Campus Bio-Medico Di Roma, Rome, Italy (NN); the Division of Geriatrics and Aging, University of Rochester School of Medicine, Rochester, NY (KS); the Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin School of Medicine, Dunedin, New Zealand (DLW); the Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Science (DRS and DTV) and the Program in Physical Therapy (DRS), Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO; the Department of Mathematics and Statistics (CQ) and the Division of Geriatrics (DTV), University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque, NM; and the Section of Geriatrics, New Mexico VA Health Care System, Albuquerque, NM - - 2014
Obesity impairs cognition and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in older adults; however, the appropriate treatment of obese older adults remains controversial. The objective was to determine the independent and combined effects of weight loss and exercise on cognition, mood, and HRQOL in obese older adults. One hundred seven frail, ...
Seneviratne Sumudu N - - 2014
Obesity during pregnancy is associated with adverse outcomes for the offspring and mother. Lifestyle interventions in pregnancy such as antenatal exercise, are proposed to improve both short- and long-term health of mother and child. We hypothesise that regular moderate-intensity exercise during the second half of pregnancy will result in improved ...
Li Jia J Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, 700W. State Street, West Lafayette, IN 47907. Electronic address: - - 2014
Ingestive and exercise behaviors are important determinants of whole body energy balance and weight control. An acute bout of exercise generates a transient energy deficit, which is only partially compensated for by food intake at the next eating occasion or within the next day (loose dietary coupling). Such an energy ...
Brantley Phillip J PJ Behavioral Medicine Laboratory, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, 6400 Perkins Road, Baton Rouge, LA, 70808, USA, - - 2014
This study's purpose was to identify psychosocial predictors of weight loss maintenance in a multi-site clinical trial, following a group-based weight loss program. Participants (N = 1025) were predominately women (63 %) and 38 % were Black (mean age = 55.6 years; SD = 8.7). At 12 months, higher SF-36 mental health composite scores were associated with less weight regain ...
Cadieux Sébastien S Behavioural and Metabolic Research Unit, School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario K1N 6N5, - - 2014
Previous research has reported no effect of exercise modality (aerobic vs. resistance) on energy intake (EI). However, the relatively low energy cost of resistance training, the absence of total energy expenditure (TEE) measurements and the short duration of these studies justify further investigation. To evaluate the effects of exercise modality ...
Farhana K K Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Teknologi Mara, Sg.Buloh, Selangor, - - 2014
Although leptin has been shown to increase blood pressure (BP), it is however unclear if this increase can be prevented by exercise. This study therefore investigated the effect of leptin treatment with concurrent exercise on blood pressure (BP), sodium output, and endothelin-1 (ET-1) levels in normotensive rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats ...
Lavie Carl J CJ Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, John Ochsner Heart and Vascular Institute, Ochsner Clinical School, University of Queensland School of Medicine, 1514 Jefferson Highway, New Orleans, LA 70121-2483, USA; Cardiac Rehabilitation, Exercise Laboratories, John Ochsner Heart and Vascular Institute, Ochsner Clinical School, University of Queensland School of Medicine, 1514 Jefferson Highway, New Orleans, LA 70121-2483, USA; Department of Preventive Medicine, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, 6400 Perkins Road, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Overweight and obesity adversely affect cardiovascular (CV) risk factors and CV structure and function, and lead to a marked increase in the risk of developing heart failure (HF). Despite this, an obesity paradox exists, wherein those who are overweight and obese with HF have a better prognosis than their leaner ...
Appel Hoa B HB Snohomish County YMCA, Minority Achievers - - 2014
Starting the Conversation was a pilot project to test an intervention for childhood obesity, a major public health epidemic, using a free smartphone application (app). The primary aim was to assess students' knowledge of nutritional indicators, physical exercise and use of screen time before and after the intervention. The study ...
Basen-Engquist K K Department of Behavioral Science, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this paper is to describe baseline differences between obese and non-obese endometrial cancer survivor in anthropometrics, exercise behavior, fitness, heart rate and blood pressure, and quality of life, and to analyze whether the effect of a home-based exercise intervention on these outcomes differed for obese and non-obese ...
Pieri B L S BL Laboratory of Exercise Biochemistry and Physiology, Health Sciences Unit, Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense, Criciúma, SC, - - 2014
Obesity is associated with myocardial insulin resistance and impairment of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway. The activation of the mTOR cascade by exercise has been largely shown in skeletal muscle, but insufficiently analyzed in myocardial tissue. In addition, little is known regarding the mTOR upstream molecules in ...
Oh Sechang S 1 Sports Medicine, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba , Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan - - 2014
Abstract Background: A diet regimen focusing on weight loss is still the most efficient treatment for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Recently, specific benefits of exercise against NAFLD independent of weight loss have been reported. Hence, combining exercise with diet-induced weight loss can be expected to have an additive benefit ...
Miller Paige E PE a Exponent Inc., Health Sciences , Chicago , - - 2014
Objectives: The objective of the present meta-analysis was to examine the effect of whey protein (WP), with or without resistance exercise, on body weight and body composition in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) conducted in generally healthy adult study populations. Methods: A comprehensive literature search was conducted to identify RCTs that ...
Holliday Adrian A School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT. Electronic address: - - 2014
Those seeking to manage their bodyweight use a variety of strategies, but the most common approaches involve attempting to exercise more and/or consume fewer calories. A poor comprehension of the energy cost of exercise and the energy content of food may contribute to weight-gain and the poor success rate of ...
Lim Kang-Il KI Institute of Exercise Physiology, School of Kinesiology, Yeungnam University, 280 Daehak-Ro, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk, 712-749, Republic of Korea, - - 2014
Variations in genes involved in energy expenditure affect aerobic exercise efficiency, but it remains unclear whether the effect of aerobic exercise on adipocytokines is modified by the obesity-associated genotypes in the uncoupling protein 2 gene (UCP2). The purpose of this study was to assess whether genetic variation in UCP2 may ...
Wearing Jessica R JR 1 Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Kansas School of Medicine , Kansas City, - - 2014
Abstract Background: Pediatric obesity is a serious and prevalent problem. Smartphone technology, which is becoming increasingly available to children of diverse backgrounds, presents a unique opportunity to instill healthy behaviors before the onset of obesity. Past studies have examined the use of smartphone applications as tools of health behavior modification ...
Frost Elizabeth A EA 1Pennington Biomedical Research - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of increased physical activity on subsequent sleeping energy expenditure (SEE) measured in a whole room calorimeter under differing levels of dietary fat. We hypothesized that increased physical activity would increase SEE. Six healthy, young men participated in a randomized, single ...
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