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Deighton Kevin K School of Sport, Leeds Metropolitan University, Leeds LS6 3QS, - - 2014
Recent years have witnessed significant interest from both the scientific community and the media regarding the influence of exercise on subsequent appetite and energy intake responses. This review demonstrates a consensus among the majority of scientific investigations that an acute bout of land-based endurance exercise does not stimulate any compensatory ...
Li Jia J Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, 700W. State Street, West Lafayette, IN 47907. Electronic address: - - 2014
Ingestive and exercise behaviors are important determinants of whole body energy balance and weight control. An acute bout of exercise generates a transient energy deficit, which is only partially compensated for by food intake at the next eating occasion or within the next day (loose dietary coupling). Such an energy ...
Brantley Phillip J PJ Behavioral Medicine Laboratory, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, 6400 Perkins Road, Baton Rouge, LA, 70808, USA, - - 2014
This study's purpose was to identify psychosocial predictors of weight loss maintenance in a multi-site clinical trial, following a group-based weight loss program. Participants (N = 1025) were predominately women (63 %) and 38 % were Black (mean age = 55.6 years; SD = 8.7). At 12 months, higher SF-36 mental health composite scores were associated with less weight regain ...
Cadieux Sébastien S Behavioural and Metabolic Research Unit, School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario K1N 6N5, - - 2014
Previous research has reported no effect of exercise modality (aerobic vs. resistance) on energy intake (EI). However, the relatively low energy cost of resistance training, the absence of total energy expenditure (TEE) measurements and the short duration of these studies justify further investigation. To evaluate the effects of exercise modality ...
Farhana K K Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Teknologi Mara, Sg.Buloh, Selangor, - - 2014
Although leptin has been shown to increase blood pressure (BP), it is however unclear if this increase can be prevented by exercise. This study therefore investigated the effect of leptin treatment with concurrent exercise on blood pressure (BP), sodium output, and endothelin-1 (ET-1) levels in normotensive rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats ...
Lavie Carl J CJ Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, John Ochsner Heart and Vascular Institute, Ochsner Clinical School, University of Queensland School of Medicine, 1514 Jefferson Highway, New Orleans, LA 70121-2483, USA; Cardiac Rehabilitation, Exercise Laboratories, John Ochsner Heart and Vascular Institute, Ochsner Clinical School, University of Queensland School of Medicine, 1514 Jefferson Highway, New Orleans, LA 70121-2483, USA; Department of Preventive Medicine, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, 6400 Perkins Road, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Overweight and obesity adversely affect cardiovascular (CV) risk factors and CV structure and function, and lead to a marked increase in the risk of developing heart failure (HF). Despite this, an obesity paradox exists, wherein those who are overweight and obese with HF have a better prognosis than their leaner ...
Appel Hoa B HB Snohomish County YMCA, Minority Achievers - - 2014
Starting the Conversation was a pilot project to test an intervention for childhood obesity, a major public health epidemic, using a free smartphone application (app). The primary aim was to assess students' knowledge of nutritional indicators, physical exercise and use of screen time before and after the intervention. The study ...
Basen-Engquist K K Department of Behavioral Science, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this paper is to describe baseline differences between obese and non-obese endometrial cancer survivor in anthropometrics, exercise behavior, fitness, heart rate and blood pressure, and quality of life, and to analyze whether the effect of a home-based exercise intervention on these outcomes differed for obese and non-obese ...
Pieri B L S BL Laboratory of Exercise Biochemistry and Physiology, Health Sciences Unit, Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense, Criciúma, SC, - - 2014
Obesity is associated with myocardial insulin resistance and impairment of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway. The activation of the mTOR cascade by exercise has been largely shown in skeletal muscle, but insufficiently analyzed in myocardial tissue. In addition, little is known regarding the mTOR upstream molecules in ...
Oh Sechang S 1 Sports Medicine, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba , Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan - - 2014
Abstract Background: A diet regimen focusing on weight loss is still the most efficient treatment for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Recently, specific benefits of exercise against NAFLD independent of weight loss have been reported. Hence, combining exercise with diet-induced weight loss can be expected to have an additive benefit ...
Miller Paige E PE a Exponent Inc., Health Sciences , Chicago , - - 2014
Objectives: The objective of the present meta-analysis was to examine the effect of whey protein (WP), with or without resistance exercise, on body weight and body composition in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) conducted in generally healthy adult study populations. Methods: A comprehensive literature search was conducted to identify RCTs that ...
Holliday Adrian A School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT. Electronic address: - - 2014
Those seeking to manage their bodyweight use a variety of strategies, but the most common approaches involve attempting to exercise more and/or consume fewer calories. A poor comprehension of the energy cost of exercise and the energy content of food may contribute to weight-gain and the poor success rate of ...
Lim Kang-Il KI Institute of Exercise Physiology, School of Kinesiology, Yeungnam University, 280 Daehak-Ro, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk, 712-749, Republic of Korea, - - 2014
Variations in genes involved in energy expenditure affect aerobic exercise efficiency, but it remains unclear whether the effect of aerobic exercise on adipocytokines is modified by the obesity-associated genotypes in the uncoupling protein 2 gene (UCP2). The purpose of this study was to assess whether genetic variation in UCP2 may ...
Wearing Jessica R JR 1 Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Kansas School of Medicine , Kansas City, - - 2014
Abstract Background: Pediatric obesity is a serious and prevalent problem. Smartphone technology, which is becoming increasingly available to children of diverse backgrounds, presents a unique opportunity to instill healthy behaviors before the onset of obesity. Past studies have examined the use of smartphone applications as tools of health behavior modification ...
Frost Elizabeth A EA 1Pennington Biomedical Research - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of increased physical activity on subsequent sleeping energy expenditure (SEE) measured in a whole room calorimeter under differing levels of dietary fat. We hypothesized that increased physical activity would increase SEE. Six healthy, young men participated in a randomized, single ...
Blüher Susann S Leipzig University Medical Center, IFB AdiposityDiseases, - - 2014
Objective: Exercise improves weight status and metabolism. Irisin, a novel myokine, may be involved in the regulation of metabolic function. The effect of an exercise and dietary lifestyle intervention for one-year on irisin, adipokines (leptin, adiponectin, resistin) and inflammatory markers (C-reactive protein (CRP), soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor II (sTNFR-II)) ...
Paul Lorna L School of Medicine, University of Glasgow, - - 2014
Evidence shows that exercise is beneficial for people with multiple sclerosis (MS); however, statistical pooling of data is difficult because of the diversity of outcome measures used. The objective of this review is to report the recommendations of an International Consensus Meeting for a core set of outcome measures for ...
Baruth Meghan M a Assistant Professor Saginaw Valley State University , Department of Health Science , 7400 Bay Road, University Center, MI - - 2014
ABSTRACT This study explored perceptions and experiences with barriers to exercise and healthy eating among women from predominately African American, disadvantaged neighborhoods. Four focus groups (n=28) were conducted between April and May 2008 with overweight or obese women (93% African American; 34.3±8.9 years; BMI 40.4±8.5). Individual, social, and environmental factors ...
Montero David D Avignon University, LAPEC EA4278, 84000, Avignon, France, - - 2014
Controversy exists as to whether aerobic exercise training decreases arterial stiffness in obese subjects. The aim of this study was to systematically review and quantify the effect of aerobic exercise training on arterial stiffness in obese populations. MEDLINE, Cochrane, Scopus, and Web of Science were searched up until May 2013 ...
Seron Bruna Barboza BB UEL, Londrina, PR, - - 2014
Objective: To investigate the effects of a 12 week aerobic and resistance exercise on body composition of adolescents with Down syndrome. Methods: A quasi-experimental study with 41 adolescents with Down syndrome, aged 15.5±2.7 years, divided into three groups: Aerobic Training Group (ATG; n=16), Resisted Training Group (RTG; n=15) and Control ...
Grande Antônio José AJ Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Objective : To investigate the effectiveness of workplace exercise for employee health by means of health-related physical activity components. Methods : A randomized uncontrolled study with 20 workers was carried out during three months to evaluate a workplace exercise program. The selected outcomes were flexibility, body mass, fat percentage, lean ...
Babaei Parvin P Cellelar & Molecular Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran; Dept of Physiology, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran. Electronic address: - - 2014
The possible link between long lasting physical activity and basal brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) was studied in professional soccer player. Nineteen middle aged elite athlete (45-65 yrs.) who used to be competing at domestic championship for more than 10 years and 10 sedentary control subjects were participated in this ...
Thivel David D Laboratory of the Metabolic Adaptations to Exercise under Physiological and Pathological Conditions (AME2P), UE3533, Clermont University, Clermont-Ferrand, France, - - 2014
The effect of physical activity on energy balance is not restricted to its induced energy expenditure but also affects the control of energy intake and appetite. Although it is now clear that physical exercise affects subsequent energy intake and appetite, the mechanisms involved remain uncertain. Most previous studies have assessed ...
Belavý D L DL Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Center of Muscle and Bone Research, Berlin, - - 2014
We hypothesized that strict inactivity (bed-rest) would lead to regional differences in fat deposition. Twenty-four male subjects underwent 60d bed-rest and remained inactive (n=9), performed resistance exercise plus whole-body vibration (RVE; n=7) or resistance exercise only (RE; n=8). Fat mass was assessed via dual X-ray absorptiometry. In the inactive subjects, ...
Homan Kristin J KJ Department of Psychology, Grove City College, Grove City, PA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Individuals with a positive body image appreciate their bodies, hold an internal perspective of their bodies, and are satisfied with the functionality of their bodies. Research shows that positive body image is more complex than the absence of body dissatisfaction. Although exercise reduces women's body dissatisfaction, very little research has ...
Rodríguez Diego A DA Servei de Pneumologia (ICT), Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Respiratorias (CIBERES), Universitat de Barcelona, Villaroel 170, 08036 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain; Muscle and Respiratory System Research Unit and Respiratory Medicine Department, IMIM-Hospital del Mar, Barcelona, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Respiratorias (CIBERES), Health and Experimental Sciences Department (CEXS), Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF), Passeig Maritim 25, 08003 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The effects of obesity in combination with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) on exercise capacity are receiving increased attention. But, a comprehensive analysis of factors associated with aerobic capacity in obese COPD patients has not been performed. Six-min walking test (6MWT) was performed in 251 COPD patients, and 159 of ...
Vartanian Lenny R LR The University of New South - - 2014
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine whether providing information about the lifestyle changes required for an individual to lose weight following bariatric surgery would mitigate the negative judgments of that individual. Design and Methods: In an experimental design, participants provided their initial impressions of a woman with ...
Pearl Rebecca L RL Yale University, - - 2014
This study investigated the effects of experiences with weight stigma and weight bias internalization on exercise. An online sample of 177 women with overweight and obesity (M age = 35.48 years, M BMI = 32.81) completed questionnaires assessing exercise behavior, self-efficacy, and motivation; experiences of weight stigmatization; weight bias internalization; ...
Fragala Maren S MS Institute of Exercise Physiology and Wellness, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL. Electronic address: - - 2014
Sarcopenia is currently best described as an age-related decline in skeletal muscle mass and function. However, no consensus exists as to how to best quantify muscle function in older adults. The Muscle Quality Index (MQI) was recently recommended as an ideal evidence-based assessment of functional status in older adults. Never-the-less, ...
Rönn Tina T Department of Clinical Sciences, Epigenetics and Diabetes, Lund University Diabetes Centre, CRC, Malmö, - - 2014
Adipose tissue has an important function in total energy homeostasis and its dysregulation may contribute to life-style related diseases such as type 2 diabetes, cancer and cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate genome-wide mRNA expression in adipose tissue in healthy men before and after an exercise ...
Burrows Adam S AS Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ - - 2014
Using basic physical arguments, we derive by dimensional and physical analysis the characteristic masses and sizes of important objects in the universe in terms of just a few fundamental constants. This exercise illustrates the unifying power of physics and the profound connections between the small and the large in the ...
Hofmann Tobias T Charité Center for Internal Medicine and Dermatology, Division of General Internal and Psychosomatic Medicine; Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus Mitte, Berlin, - - 2014
The recently described myokine, irisin is cleaved from fibronectin type III domain containing protein 5 (FNDC5) and has been proposed to be secreted upon exercise to promote the browning of beige fat cells in white adipose tissue that results in enhanced thermogenesis and increased energy expenditure. The initial studies suggested ...
Yoshimura Eiichi E Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, - - 2014
Objective: To evaluate the effects of energy restriction with or without aerobic exercise on thigh muscle mass and quality in adults with visceral adiposity. Methods: 75 males and females were randomly assigned to the groups 'diet only' (DO; n = 42) or 'diet plus aerobic exercise' (D/Ex; n = 33) ...
Lee Stuart M C SM 1Wyle Integrated Science and - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to evaluate the efficacy of two separate countermeasures, exercise and protein supplementation, to prevent muscle strength and lean tissue mass losses during 60 d of bedrest (BR) in women and whether countermeasure efficacy was influenced by pre-BR muscular fitness (strength, endurance, tissue mass). Twenty-four ...
Shindo Daisuke D 1The Jikei University School of - - 2014
The present study was conducted to examine whether prepubertal-onset exercise might help adults maintain long-term body weight (BW) reduction and increased energy metabolism after the cessation of exercise. Further, the effects of the exercise regimen were compared with those of food restriction. Twenty-three male obese-diabetic (OLETF) rats were randomly assigned ...
Hansen Jennifer A JA 1Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH, - - 2014
Objectives: Elevated body mass index (BMI) has been reported in pediatric cancer survivors. It is unclear whether this is related to altered energy intake (via disordered eating), decreased energy expenditure (via limited exercise), or treatment-related direct/indirect changes. The aims of this study are to describe the occurrence of overweight and ...
Baria Flavia F Nutrition Graduation Program, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
The prevalence of obesity has markedly increased in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Studies on the impact of exercise focusing on obese CKD patients are scarce. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the effect of aerobic exercise performed either in an exercise centre or at home on visceral fat in ...
Hallmark Rachel R Department of Human Services, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, United States of - - 2014
To examine the effects of exercise intensity on acute changes in endothelial function in lean and obese adults. Sixteen lean (BMI <25, age 23±3 yr) and 10 obese (BMI >30, age 26±6 yr) physically inactive adults were studied during 3 randomized admissions [control (C, no exercise), moderate-intensity exercise (M, @ ...
Aoki Chiye C Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York, NY 10003. Electronic address: - - 2014
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a psychiatric illness characterized by restricted eating and an intense fear of gaining weight. Most individuals with AN are females, diagnosed first during adolescence, 40% to 80% of whom exhibit excessive exercise, and an equally high number with a history of anxiety disorder. We sought to ...
Lowndes Joshua J University of Central Florida, Orlando, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine whether leptin levels affect the response of leptin to exercise training (ET) and whether this is also affected by C-reactive protein (CRP) or the three common Apolipoprotein E genotypes (APOE). Ninety-seven (male=45, female=52) sedentary individuals underwent 6 months of supervised ET. Blood ...
Donnelly Joseph E JE Cardiovascular Research Institute, Center for Physical Activity and Weight Management, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas, United States of - - 2014
The magnitude of the negative energy balance induced by exercise may be reduced due to compensatory increases in energy intake. TO ADDRESS THE QUESTION: Does increased exercise or physical activity alter ad-libitum daily energy intake or macronutrient composition in healthy adults? PubMed and Embase were searched (January 1990-January 2013) for ...
Padilla Jaume J 1University of - - 2014
We employed next generation RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) technology to determine the extent to which exercise training alters global gene expression in skeletal muscle feed arteries and aortic endothelial cells of obese OLETF rats. Transcriptional profiles of the soleus and gasctrocnemius muscle feed arteries (SFA and GFA, respectively) and aortic endothelial ...
Golbidi Saeid S Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T - - 2014
The lack of adequate physical activity and obesity created a worldwide pandemic. Obesity is characterized by the deposition of adipose tissue in various parts of the body; it is now evident that adipose tissue also acts as an endocrine organ capable of secreting many cytokines that are though to be ...
Pop Dana D University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 4 Pasteur Street, Cluj-Napoca, - - 2014
Aim. To assess the plasma leptin responses after exercise stress testing in patients with metabolic syndrome (MS). Material and Methods. We investigated 67 patients with MS, with mean age of 55 ± 7 years. They underwent exercise stress testing on cycloergometer. The lot was divided into three groups: group 1-10 ...
Keating Shelley E SE Discipline of Exercise and Sports Science, The University of Sydney, Lidcombe, NSW 2141, - - 2014
Objective. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of high intensity interval training (HIIT) versus continuous aerobic exercise training (CONT) or placebo (PLA) on body composition by randomized controlled design. Methods. Work capacity and body composition (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry) were measured before and after 12 weeks of ...
Borg Melissa L ML Biology of Lipid - - 2013
The detection of hormone and nutrient signals by the hypothalamus is blunted in obesity and contributes to dysregulated energy homeostasis. We investigated whether aerobic exercise training would improve long-term hypothalamic sensitivity to both leptin and ghrelin, independent of acute exercise-induced signalling. Male C57Bl/6J mice were fed either a chow or ...
Tanhoffer Ricardo A RA Clinical Exercise and Rehabilitation Unit, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, - - 2013
The objective of this study was to verify the long-term effects of exercise on energy expenditure and body composition in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI), as very little information is available on this population under free-living conditions. Free-living energy expenditure and body composition using doubly-labelled water (DLW) was measured ...
Giannopoulou Ifigenia - - 2013
Abstract Low exercise capacity and high obesity levels are the main characteristics of people with serious mental illness (SMI). We conducted a pilot study on the effects of a 3-month exercise and dietary intervention on the aerobic capacity and body composition of obese adults with SMI taking Olanzapine, a second ...
Abudiab Muaz - - 2013
To determine the poorly studied relationship between functional aerobic capacity (FAC) as measured by treadmill stress testing and mortality in normal, overweight, and obese patients. Patients were identified retrospectively from the stress testing database at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. We selected 5328 male nonsmokers (mean ± SD age, 51.8±11.5 ...
Ruiz Jonatan R - - 2013
To study the effect on maternal weight gain of a supervised light- to moderate-intensity exercise-based intervention performed from the ninth week of pregnancy. A total of 962 healthy pregnant women were randomly assigned to a standard care or exercise intervention group conducted between September 1, 2007, and January 31, 2011. ...
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