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Results 301 - 350 of 1204
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Painter Patricia - - 2011
Exercise capacity as measured by peak oxygen uptake (Vo₂(peak)) is low in hemodialysis patients. The present study assesses determinants of VO₂(peak) in patients with chronic kidney failure who either changed kidney replacement modality to frequent hemodialysis therapy or received a kidney transplant. Cohort study with assessment at baseline and 6 ...
Efthimiadis Georgios K - - 2011
Diminished functional capacity is common in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), although the underlying mechanisms are complicated. We studied the prevalence of chronotropic incompetence and its relation to exercise intolerance in patients with HCM. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing was performed in 68 patients with HCM (age 44.8±14.6years, 45 males). Chronotropic incompetence was defined ...
Buys Roselien - - 2011
Exercise capacity in grown-ups with congenital heart disease (GUCH) is mostly reported by peak oxygen consumption (peak VO(2)). Our aim was to evaluate the maximal character of exercise tests, and to investigate submaximal measures of exercise capacity. Adults with Coarctation of the Aorta (COA, n=155), Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF, n=98), ...
da Cunha Felipe Amorim - - 2011
Exercise intensity is an important aspect of enhancing health-related fitness. Relationships between the percentages of heart rate reserve (%HRR), maximal oxygen uptake (%VO(2max)) and oxygen uptake reserve (%VO₂R) have been proposed as being effective for exercise intensity prescription. The present paper reviewed experimental studies published between 1966 and 2010, which ...
Kuspinar Ayse - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To estimate, for persons with multiple sclerosis (MS), the extent to which peak oxygen consumption (Vo(2)peak) can be predicted by the results on submaximal tests. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Three MS clinics in the Greater Montreal region, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: A center-stratified random sample of 135 women and 48 men ...
Werkman M S - - 2011
Increased work of breathing is considered to be a limiting factor in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) performing aerobic exercise. We hypothesized that adolescents with CF and with static hyperinflation are more prone to a ventilatorily limited exercise capacity than non-static hyperinflated adolescents with CF. Exercise data of 119 adolescents ...
DiMenna Fred J - - 2010
We investigated whether the characteristic slowing of pulmonary oxygen uptake (VO2) kinetics during "work-to-work" exercise is attributable to elevations in baseline metabolic rate (VO2) as opposed to the elevated baseline work rate, per se. We hypothesized that a step transition to a higher work rate from "unloaded" cycling, but with ...
Bailey Stephen J - - 2010
It has recently been reported that dietary nitrate (NO(3)(-)) supplementation, which increases plasma nitrite (NO(2)(-)) concentration, a biomarker of nitric oxide (NO) availability, improves exercise efficiency and exercise tolerance in healthy humans. We hypothesized that dietary supplementation with L-arginine, the substrate for NO synthase (NOS), would elicit similar responses. In ...
Barron Anthony J AJ International Centre for Circulatory Health, Imperial College London and Imperial College NHS Trust, London, UK. - - 2010
Heart failure and ventilatory disease often coexist; both create abnormalities in cardiopulmonary exercise test measurements. The authors evaluated the relative dependency of a well-recognized index of heart failure, peak oxygen consumption (VO(2)), and 2 newer indices, the minute ventilation (VE)/carbon dioxide production (VCO(2)) slope and oxygen uptake efficiency slope (OUES), ...
Castro Renata R T - - 2010
The influence of a very fast ramp rate on cardiopulmonary variables at ventilatory threshold and peak exercise during a maximal arm crank exercise test has not been extensively studied. Considering that short arm crank tests could be sufficient to achieve maximal oxygen consumption (VO₂), it would be of practical interest ...
Vanhatalo Anni - - 2010
Dietary nitrate (NO(3)(-)) supplementation with beetroot juice (BR) over 4-6 days has been shown to reduce the O(2) cost of submaximal exercise and to improve exercise tolerance. However, it is not known whether shorter (or longer) periods of supplementation have similar (or greater) effects. We therefore investigated the effects of ...
Methvin Amanda B - - 2011
An increased minute ventilation ($$\dot{\hbox{ V }}$$e)/carbon dioxide production (Vco(2)) relationship, an expression of ventilatory inefficiency (VI), is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD). A direct link between VI and a specific cardiac abnormality has not been established. We analyzed cardiopulmonary exercise ...
Salvadego Desy - - 2010
A functional evaluation of skeletal muscle oxidative metabolism was performed in a group of obese adolescents (OB). The various components of pulmonary O(2) uptake (Vo(2)) kinetics were evaluated during 10-min constant-load exercises (CLE) on a cycloergometer at different percentages of Vo(2max). The relationships of these components with the gas exchange ...
Shimazaki Yoshihiro - - 2010
Obesity and exercise are important elements associated with lifestyle-related diseases, and studies suggested that these factors may also be related to periodontitis. This study investigates the relationship between obesity and physical fitness and periodontitis. One thousand, one hundred and sixty Japanese subjects, aged 20 to 77 years, who participated in ...
Morotomi Nobuo - - 2010
To evaluate the effect of respiratory function and exercise capacity after omental flap transposition. From October 2005 to December 2006, we classified mediastinitis patients treated with omental flap transposition (OT group; n = 10) and patients who underwent only cardiovascular surgery without developing complications (control group; n = 25). Percent ...
Johnson M L - - 2010
We examined the effects of exercise intensity and training on rates of lipolysis, plasma free fatty acid (FFA) appearance (R(a)), disappearance (R(d)), reesterification (R(s)), and oxidation (R(oxP)) in postmenopausal (PM) women. Ten sedentary but healthy women (55 ± 0.6 yr) completed 12 wk of supervised endurance exercise training on a ...
Pressler Axel - - 2010
To evaluate the effect of structured vs. non-structured internet-delivered exercise recommendations on aerobic exercise capacity and cardiovascular risk profile in overweight sedentary employees. 140 employees of an automobile company (11% female, median age 48 years (range 25-60), BMI 29.0 kg/m(2) (25.0-34.8)) were randomized in a 3:2 ratio to an intervention ...
Kjelkenes Ida - - 2010
Anticipation before the start of exercise may influence the cardiopulmonary responses during exercise. If anticipation influences the responses differently with maximal and submaximal exercises, normative values for submaximal responses will not be comparable unless exercise has been continued to the same end point. Twelve healthy subjects (five men) aged 18-27 ...
Astorino Todd A - - 2010
Across various populations, verification testing is used to confirm VO(2)max attainment and has repeatedly shown similar VO(2)max values to those obtained from incremental exercise. Yet, many individuals show meaningful differences in VO(2)max between protocols, and an explanation for this is unknown. The aim of the study was to elucidate this ...
Drinkard Bart E - - 2010
To determine the exercise capacity of children and adolescents with Friedreich's Ataxia (FA) and to evaluate the effects of 6 months of idebenone treatment on exercise capacity. Exploratory endpoint in a randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase II clinical trial designed to investigate the effects of idebenone on a biomarker of oxidative ...
Sato Kohei - - 2010
The blood flow regulation in vertebral system during dynamic exercise in humans remains unclear. We examined the blood flow responses in both the internal carotid artery (QICA) and vertebral artery (QVA) simultaneously during graded dynamic exercise by Doppler ultrasound to evaluate whether cerebrovascular responses to exercise were similar. In the ...
Dupont Gregory - - 2010
This study was designed to test the hypothesis that subjects having faster oxygen uptake (VO(2)) kinetics during off-transients to exercises of severe intensity would obtain the smallest decrement score during a repeated sprint test. Twelve male soccer players completed a graded test, two severe-intensity exercises, followed by 6 min of ...
Psilander Niklas - - 2010
Little is known about the effect of training on genetic markers for mitochondrial biogenesis in elite athletes. We tested the hypothesis that low-volume sprint interval exercise (SIE) would be as effective as high-volume interval exercise (IE). Ten male cyclists competing on national elite level (W (max) 403 ± 13 W, ...
Guazzi Marco - - 2010
Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) provides powerful information on risk of death in heart failure (HF). We sought to define the relative and additive contribution of the 3 landmark (CPET) prognostic markers--peak oxygen consumption (VO₂), minute ventilation/carbon dioxide production (VE/VCO₂) slope, and exercise periodic breathing (EPB)-to the overall risk of cardiac ...
Mendonca Goncalo V - - 2010
Persons with Down syndrome (DS) have diminished submaximal and peak work capacity. This study evaluated the dynamic response of oxygen uptake at onset and recovery (VO(2) kinetics) of constant-load exercise (moderate intensity 45% VO(2peak)) in adults with DS. A total of 27 healthy participants aged 18-50 years performed graded treadmill ...
Scharhag-Rosenberger F - - 2012
Lacking responses to endurance training (ET) have been observed for several variables. However, detailed analyses of individuals' responses are scarce. To learn more about the variability of ET adaptations, patterns of response were analyzed for each subject in a 1-year ET study. Eighteen participants [42±5 years, body mass index: 24±3 kg/m(2) ...
Barker Alan R - - 2010
The present study examined the effect of priming exercise on O(2) uptake (Vo(2)) kinetics during subsequent very heavy exercise in eight 9- to 13-yr-old boys. We hypothesised that priming exercise would 1) elevate muscle O(2) delivery prior to the subsequent bout of very heavy exercise, 2) have no effect on ...
Rooks Cherie R - - 2010
We conducted a systematic review and meta-regression analysis to quantify effects of exercise on brain hemodynamics measured by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). The results indicate that acute incremental exercise (categorized relative to aerobic capacity (VO(2)peak) as low - <30% VO(2)peak; moderate - ≥30% VO(2)peak to <60% VO(2)peak; hard - ≥60% VO(2)peak ...
Al-Rahamneh H Q - - 2011
Each participant completed an arm-crank ramp exercise test to volitional exhaustion. To assess the utility of the rating of perceived exertion (RPE) to predict peak oxygen uptake (VO(2)peak) during arm ergometry in able-bodied participants and those with poliomyelitis. University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan. In all, 16 able-bodied and 15 participants ...
Kitzman Dalane W - - 2010
Exercise intolerance is the primary symptom in older patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF); however, little is known regarding its mechanisms and therapy. Seventy-one stable elderly (70+/-1 years) patients (80% women) with compensated HFPEF and controlled blood pressure were randomized into a 12-month follow-up double-blind trial of ...
Woorons Xavier - - 2010
Eight men performed three series of 5-min exercise on a cycle ergometer at 65% of normoxic maximal O(2) consumption in four conditions: (1) voluntary hypoventilation (VH) in normoxia (VH(0.21)), (2) VH in hyperoxia (inducing hypercapnia) (inspired oxygen fraction [F(I)O(2)] = 0.29; VH(0.29)), (3) normal breathing (NB) in hypoxia (F(I)O(2) = ...
Wagner Peter D - - 2011
Maximal endurance exercise capacity is determined by a variety of factors, including maximal ability to transport O₂ to the muscle mitochondria and to use this O₂ for ATP generation ((.)V(O₂MAX)). This analysis combines the individually well-known O₂ mass conservation equations for the four critical steps in the O₂ transport pathway ...
Noordhof Dionne A - - 2010
Before the influence of divergent factors on gross efficiency (GE) [the ratio of mechanical power output (PO) to metabolic power input (PI)] can be assessed, the variation in GE between days, i.e. the test-retest reliability, and the within day variation needs to be known. Physically active males (n = 18) ...
Valkeinen H - - 2010
It is not known to what extent exercise programs increase maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2max)) in patients with coronary heart diseases (CHD). The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of exercise interventions on VO(2max) in subjects with CHD. Database search of randomized controlled trials was conducted from PubMed. ...
Laaksonen Marko S - - 2010
The association between muscle oxygen uptake (VO(2)) and perfusion or perfusion heterogeneity (relative dispersion, RD) was studied in eight healthy male subjects during intermittent isometric (1 s on, 2 s off) one-legged knee-extension exercise at variable intensities using positron emission tomography and a-v blood sampling. Resistance during the first 6 ...
Zoladz Jerzy A - - 2010
In the present study, we evaluated the effect of 5 weeks of moderate-intensity endurance training on the basal and exercise-induced systemic release of prostacyclin (PGI(2)), as assessed by plasma 6-keto-PGF(1 alpha) concentration. Twelve physically active young men with the following characteristics participated in this study (the mean +/- SD): age, ...
Herda Lars R - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Recent data indicate that cardiac antibodies play an active role in the pathogenesis of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and may contribute to cardiac dysfunction in patients with DCM. The present study investigated the influence of immunoadsorption with subsequent immunoglobulin G substitution (IA/IgG) on cardiopulmonary exercise capacity in patients with DCM. ...
Hazell Tom J - - 2010
We assessed whether 10-s sprint interval training (SIT) bouts with 2 or 4 min recovery periods can improve aerobic and anaerobic performance. Subjects (n = 48) were assigned to one of four groups [exercise time (s):recovery time (min)]: (1) 30:4, (2) 10:4, (3) 10:2 or (4) control (no training). Training ...
García-Pallarés Jesús - - 2010
This study was undertaken to compare training-induced changes in selected physiological, body composition and performance variables following two training periodization models: traditional (TP) versus block periodization (BP). Ten world-class kayakers were assessed four times during a training cycle over two consecutive seasons. On each occasion, subjects completed an incremental test ...
Earnest Conrad P - - 2010
The decline in aerobic capacity does not appear to be linear across age. To explore this relationship, we examined the maximal cardiorespiratory response of 251 postmenopausal women to 6 months of exercise training: control (no exercise), or exercise at 4, 8, or 12 kcal/kg/week (KKW). Exercise intensity was set at ...
Leggate Melanie M School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Ashby Road, Loughborough, Leicestershire, LE11 3TU, - - 2010
As interleukin-6 (IL-6), its soluble receptor (sIL-6R), and the IL-6/sIL-6R complex is transiently elevated in response to prolonged moderate-intensity exercise, this study investigated how these levels would be modulated by an acute bout of high-intensity intermittent (HIIT) exercise in comparison to continuous moderate-intensity exercise (MOD). This study also investigated the ...
Zafeiridis Andreas - - 2010
This study compared the physiological responses to heavy continuous (HC), short-intermittent (SI), and long-intermittent (LI) treadmill exercise protocols in non-endurance adolescent males. Nine adolescents (14 +/- 0.6 years) performed a maximal incremental treadmill test followed, on separate days, by a SI [30 s at 110% of maximal aerobic velocity (MAV) ...
Breil Fabio A - - 2010
Attempting to achieve the high diversity of training goals in modern competitive alpine skiing simultaneously can be difficult and may lead to compromised overall adaptation. Therefore, we investigated the effect of block training periodization on maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) and parameters of exercise performance in elite junior alpine skiers. Six ...
Prieur Fabrice - - 2010
This study examines the effect of prior heavy exercise on the spatial distribution of muscle deoxygenation kinetics at the onset of heavy-intensity cycling exercise. Young untrained male adults (n = 16) performed two consecutive bouts of 6 min of high intensity cycle exercise separated by 6 min at 35 W. ...
Gruet M - - 2010
The present study investigated the validity and the reliability of the oxygen uptake efficiency slope (OUES) as a determinant of exercise tolerance in adults with cystic fibrosis (CF). 31 CF patients and 34 healthy controls performed a maximal incremental cycle test with respiratory gas-exchange measurements. OUES was calculated from data ...
Chin Lisa M K - - 2010
The effect of hyperventilation-induced hypocapnic alkalosis (Hypo) on the adjustment of pulmonary O2 uptake (VO2p) and leg femoral conduit artery ("bulk") blood flow (LBF) during moderate-intensity exercise (Mod) was examined in eight young male adults. Subjects completed four to six repetitions of alternate-leg knee-extension exercise during normal breathing [Con; end-tidal ...
Elliott Adrian A School of Life Sciences, Kingston University, Penrhyn Rd, Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, KT1 2EE, UK. - - 2010
In patients with cardiac failure, bioreactance-based cardiac output (CO) monitoring provides a valid non-invasive method for assessing cardiac performance during exercise. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of this technique during strenuous exercise in healthy, trained individuals. Fourteen recreational cyclists, mean (SD) age of 34 (8) ...
Lenti M - - 2010
We investigated the effect of ageing and training on muscle fibre conduction velocity (MFCV) and cardiorespiratory response during incremental cycling exercise. Eight young (YT; 24+/-5 yrs) and eight older (OT; 64+/-3 yrs) cyclists, together with eight young (YU; 27+/-4 yrs) and eight older (OU; 63+/-2 yrs) untrained individuals underwent to ...
Cunha F A - - 2010
The findings of previous studies investigating the strength of the relationships between the percentages of maximal heart rate (%HR(max)), heart rate reserve (%HRR), maximal oxygen uptake (%VO(2max)), and oxygen uptake reserve (%VO(2)R) have been equivocal. This inconsistency between studies could largely be due to differences in methodology. The purpose of ...
Arena Ross - - 2010
Ventilatory efficiency (VE/VCO(2) slope) and peak oxygen consumption (VO) provide robust prognostic information in patients with heart failure undergoing cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX). The purpose of this study is to assess the change in prognostic characteristics of CPX at different time intervals. Seven hundred ninety-one subjects (74% male, mean age: ...
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