Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1220
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Leão da Silva Patrícia - - 2012
Objective: To assess the effects of weight loss on adipokines, asthma-related symptoms, exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB) and lung function, and to evaluate the role of leptin and adiponectin levels on lung function after treatment in obese adolescents. Methods: 84 postpubertal obese adolescents were enrolled and distributed in quartiles according to weight ...
Terada Tasuku - - 2012
AIMS: To compare the feasibility of high intensity interval exercise (HI-IE) versus moderate intensity continuous exercise (MI-CE) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D), and to investigate the preliminary efficacy of HI-IE and MI-CE for improving glycated hemoglobin A(1c) (HbA(1c)) and body composition. METHODS: Individuals with T2D were recruited and ...
Fuentes T - - 2012
To determine if the muscle signalling response to a 30 s all-out sprint exercise is modulated by the exercise mode and the endocrine response, 27 healthy volunteers were divided in 2 groups that performed isokinetic (10 men and 5 women) and isoinertial (7 men and 5 women) Wingate tests. Blood samples ...
Ordoñez Francisco Javier - - 2012
Recent studies have reported that obese young people with Down syndrome suffer from low-grade systemic inflammation. Whereas this condition may be improved in the general population by regular exercise, the problem has received no attention in the case of people with intellectual disability. Therefore, our aim was to assess the ...
Ordoñez Francisco Javier - - 2012
Recent studies have reported that obese young people with Down syndrome suffer from low-grade systemic inflammation. Whereas this condition may be improved in the general population by regular exercise, the problem has received no attention in the case of people with intellectual disability. Therefore, our aim was to assess the ...
Dunlop William L - - 2012
BACKGROUND: For the overweight, is the thought of exercising in close proximity to physically fit, normal-weight individuals a deterrent or an attractor? Efforts to address this question stand to inform future intervention-based research. PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to examine whether overweight individuals possess a preference for exercising ...
Hagobian Todd Alan - - 2013
Acute exercise suppresses relative energy intake; however, it remains unclear whether this occurs in both men and women exposed to the same relative exercise treatment. Eleven healthy men (22 ± 2 years; 16% ± 6% body fat (BF); 26 ± 4 body mass index (BMI); 42.9 ± 6.5 mL·kg(-1)·min(-1) peak ...
Casey Amanda Faith - - 2013
Individuals with intellectual disability (ID) may be more obese and extremely obese than individuals without ID. There remains an on-going debate as to the effectiveness of exercise training in decreasing body fat in different populations. This scoping review explored the effects of exercise training interventions on percent body fat in ...
Venojärvi Mika - - 2012
Background. Dysfunction of adipose tissue is one of the major factors leading to insulin resistance. Altered adipokine concentration is an early sign of adipose tissue dysfunction. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of exercise intervention on adipokine profile, glycemic control, and risk factors of the metabolic ...
Zaccaria M - - 2012
Background: Current literature shows conflicting results regarding the possible direct role of exercise on leptin concentrations, mainly because of a non-homogeneous level of energy expenditure (EE) and the lack of standardization of energy balance. Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of exercise duration and its ...
Crisp Nicole A - - 2012
The aim of this study was to identify the sprint frequency that when supplemented to continuous exercise at the intensity that maximises fat oxidation (Fat(max)), optimises energy expenditure, acute postexercise energy intake and enjoyment. Eleven overweight boys completed 30 min of either continuous cycling at Fat(max) (MOD), or sprint interval ...
So H K - - 2012
The study aims to assess the association of diet and frequency of extracurricular physical activity (PA) on blood pressure (BP) in non-obese adolescents. A total of 7185 non-obese adolescents aged 12-18 years were analysed to elucidate the relationship between BP and exercise/eating habit. Totally, 10.3% of the boys and 4.6% ...
Bernhardt Vipa V Institute for Exercise and Environmental Medicine, Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital Dallas and University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 7232 Greenville Ave., Ste 435, Dallas, TX 75231, USA. - - 2013
Recently, we reported that dyspnea on exertion is strongly associated with an increased oxygen cost of breathing in otherwise healthy obese women; the mechanism of dyspnea on exertion in obese men is unknown. Obese men underwent measurements of body composition, fat distribution, pulmonary function, steady state and maximal graded cycle ...
Speisman Rachel B RB J. Crayton Pruitt Family Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611-6131, - - 2013
We tested whether daily exercise modulates immune and neuroimmune cytokines, hippocampus-dependent behavior and hippocampal neurogenesis in aging male F344 rats (18mo upon arrival). Twelve weeks after conditioned running or control group assignment, the rats were trained and tested in a rapid water maze followed by an inhibitory avoidance task. The ...
Durcan Laura - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Increased body mass index (BMI) in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is associated with a greater burden of symptoms and poor perceptions of the benefits of exercise. In AS, the effect of obesity on disease characteristics and exercise perceptions is unknown. We evaluated the prevalence of obesity in AS, ...
Bulut Suleyman - - 2012
This study was designed to investigate the effects of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) supplementation and endurance exercise training-induced changes on post-heparin lipoprotein lipase (PH-LPL) and Butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) activities along with leptin, insulin and lipid levels in plasma by a randomized double blind experiment. Eighteen sedentary male volunteers were randomly divided ...
Leamy Larry J LJ Department of Biology, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, North Carolina 28223, USA. - - 2012
Driven by the recent obesity epidemic, interest in understanding the complex genetic and environmental basis of body weight and composition is great. We investigated this by searching for quantitative trait loci (QTLs) affecting a number of weight and adiposity traits in a G(10) advanced intercross population produced from crosses of ...
Battaglia Gina M GM Department of Kinesiology, College of Health and Human Performance, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27858, - - 2012
Obese individuals typically exhibit a reduced capacity for metabolic flexibility by failing to increase fatty acid oxidation (FAO) upon the imposition of a high-fat diet (HFD). Exercise training increases FAO in the skeletal muscle of obese individuals, but whether this intervention can restore metabolic flexibility is unclear. The purpose of ...
Song J K - - 2012
This study tested the hypothesis that 12 weeks of air board exercise would enhance cardiorespiratory fitness and vascular compliance and reduce % body fat in obese Korean boys. Twenty-two obese boys (>30% body fat) were studied. They were divided into 2 groups- an aerobic exercise group (N.=12), which trained 3 ...
Petriz Bernardo A - - 2012
Exercise is recognized to prevent and attenuate several metabolic and cardiovascular disorders. Obesity is commonly related to cardiovascular diseases, frequently resulting in heart failure and death. To elucidate the effects of acute exercise in heart tissue from obese animals, twelve-week-old C57BL6/J obese (ob/ob) and non-obese (ob/OB) mice were submitted to ...
Jenkins Nathan T NT Department of 1Biomedical Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA. - - 2012
Adipose tissue inflammation plays a role in cardiovascular (CV) and metabolic diseases associated with obesity, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The interactive effects of exercise training and metformin, two first-line T2DM treatments, on adipose tissue inflammation are not known. Using the hyperphagic, obese, insulin-resistant Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima ...
Willis Leslie H LH Division of Cardiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA. - - 2012
Recent guidelines on exercise for weight loss and weight maintenance include resistance training as part of the exercise prescription. Yet few studies have compared the effects of similar amounts of aerobic and resistance training on body mass and fat mass in overweight adults. STRRIDE AT/RT, a randomized trial, compared aerobic ...
Huh Joo Young JY Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, BethIsrael Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, - - 2012
In mouse, PGC1-α overexpression in muscle stimulates an increase in expression of FNDC5, a membrane protein that is cleaved and secreted as a newly identified hormone, irisin. One prior study has shown that FNDC5 induces browning of subcutaneous fat in mice and mediates beneficial effects of exercise on metabolism, but ...
Hagnäs Maria P - - 2012
AIMS: A population-based study of 1046 young Finnish men was performed to evaluate whether body composition changes observed during military service are associated with a reduction in prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS), and whether the effect is body mass index (BMI)-dependent. METHODS: A prospective study of 1046 men (mean age ...
Goldschmidt Andrea B AB Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA. - - 2013
Some investigators have suggested subtyping bulimia nervosa (BN) by anorexia nervosa (AN) history. We examined trait-level and momentary eating-related and psychosocial factors in BN with and without an AN history. Interview, questionnaire, and ecological momentary assessment data of eating-related and psychological symptoms were collected from 122 women with BN, including ...
Guelfi Kym J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of 12 weeks of aerobic (AER) compared with resistance training (RES) on perceived hunger and fullness, together with appetite-related hormones in both the fasted state and postprandially. METHODS: Thirty-three inactive, overweight and obese men (age 49±7 years; BMI 30.8±4.2kg/m(2)) were allocated to either AER exercise ...
Coquart J-B - - 2012
The most common tool used for measuring effort perception is the rating scale of perceived exertion (RPE) developed by Borg. This scale is also used for various outcomes in the general population. The validity and reliability of this scale have already been reported in obese patients. However, the relevance of ...
Subhan Mirza M F - - 2012
Persons with high or low body mass index (BMI), involved in clinical or mechanistic trials involving exercise testing, might estimate dyspnoea differently from persons with a normal BMI. Our objective was to investigate the relationship between BMI and dyspnoea during exercise in normal subjects with varying BMI. A total of ...
Ramírez-Vélez Robinson - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Several studies have extensively documented the benefits of moderate intensity physical training for reducing the risk of cardiovascular death in the management of overweight and obesity. However, the benefits of vigorous intensity training are small. OBJECTIVE: To examine sex differences in the relationship between vigorous vs. moderate intensity exercise ...
Lyons Elizabeth J EJ Department of Nutrition, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA. - - 2012
Some active video games have been found to promote physical activity adherence because of enjoyment. However, many active games are exercise themed, which may interfere with the distracting properties that make game-based exercise more enjoyable than traditional exercise. This study compared exercise-themed and game-themed active games to investigate differences in ...
Casey Amanda - - 2012
People with intellectual disability are more likely to be obese and extremely obese than people without intellectual disability with rates remaining elevated among adults, women and individuals living in community settings. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry measured the effects of a 13-week aquatic exercise and nutrition intervention on percent body fat in ...
Covey Margaret K MK Department of Biobehavioral Health Science, College of Nursing, University of Illinois at Chicago, - - 2012
Loss of skeletal muscle strength is commonly seen with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The study aim was to determine the effects of comprehensive upper-body resistance training (8 different lifts) and a self-efficacy enhancing intervention in COPD with respect to muscle strength, symptoms, functional status and exercise adherence. This randomized ...
Roupas Nikolaos D - - 2012
To evaluate the effect of prolonged intensive aerobic exercise and acute energy deficit (180 km ultra-marathon race) on serum leptin, adiponectin, resistin and visfatin levels and their association and interaction with serum cortisol and insulin levels in highly trained ultra-endurance runners. The study included 17 highly trained ultra-endurance male athletes ...
Hansen Mette - - 2012
Our aim was to determine synthesis rate of myofibrillar and collagen proteins in 20 postmenopausal women, who were either nonusers (Controls) or users of estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) after hysterectomy/oophorectomy. Myofibrillar and muscle collagen protein fractional synthesis rate (FSR) were determined in a nonexercised leg and 24 hours after exercise ...
Mayer John M - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to assess the relationships between obesity and measures of back and core muscular endurance in firefighters. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted in career firefighters without low back pain. Obesity measures included body mass index (BMI) and body fat percentage assessed with air displacement ...
Miyatani Masae - - 2012
We aimed to compare the level of agreement between leg-to-leg bioelectrical impedance analysis (LBIA) and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) for assessing changes in body composition following exercise intervention among individuals with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Forty-four adults with T2DM, age 53.2 ± 9.1 years; BMI 30.8 ± 5.9 kg/m(2) participated ...
Baynard Tracy - - 2012
We aimed to determine the effects of 6 wks of exercise on inflammatory markers in mice concomitantly fed either high-fat (HF) or normal chow (NC) diets in young mice. C57BL/6 mice were randomized into (n = 10/group) an NC/sedentary (NC/SED), NC/exercise (NC/EX), HF/SED, and HF/EX groups. Treadmill exercise was performed ...
Baltaci A K - - 2012
Exercise is known to increase free fatty acid and glucose metabolism. In consideration of such physiological effects of leptin such as reducing food intake and increasing energy consumption, many researchers have studied the relation between leptin and exercise. Despite the inconsistency between results, it is generally accepted that physical activity ...
Ingle Lee - - 2012
Peak oxygen uptake (VO2) during a maximal exercise test is used to stratify patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and is usually corrected for body mass. To explore the influence of body mass on risk prediction during treadmill cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) in patients with CHF. A total of 411 ...
O'Donnell Denis E - - 2012
In many parts of the world, the prevalence of obesity is increasing at an alarming rate. The association between obesity, multiple comorbidities, and increased mortality is now firmly established in many epidemiological studies. However, the link between obesity and exercise intolerance is less well studied and is the focus of ...
Bijeh N - - 2012
Cardiovascular disease is the most common cause of death in the world. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of aerobic exercise on serum inflammatory markers in untrained middle-aged women. Nineteen healthy female middle-aged were selected by convenience sampling method and were randomly divided into two experimental ...
Annesi James J - - 2012
Obesity is a national health problem regularly confronting medical professionals. Although reduced-energy (kilocalorie [kcal]) eating and increased exercise will reliably reduce weight, these behaviors have been highly resistant to sustained change. To control eating using theory-based cognitive-behavioral methods that leverage the positive psychosocial effects of newly initiated exercise as an ...
Bocalini Danilo Sales - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of circuit-based exercise on the body composition in obese older women by focusing on physical exercise and body weight (BW) gain control in older people. Seventy older women (>60 years old) voluntarily took part in the study. Participants were randomized ...
Leroux Janette S - - 2012
Social networks influence the spread of depression, health behaviors, and obesity. The social networks of older urban-dwelling adults were examined to assess whether physical inactivity mediated the association between social networks and obesity. Data come from the Montreal Neighborhood Networks and Healthy Aging study (n=2707). Self-reported height and weight were ...
Farias J M - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the protective effect of concurrent exercise in the degree of the insulin resistance in mice fed with a high-fat diet, and assess adiponectin receptors (ADIPOR1 and ADIPOR2) and endosomal adaptor protein APPL1 in different tissues. Twenty-four mice were randomized into four ...
Ho Suleen S - - 2012
Evidence suggests that exercise training improves CVD risk factors. However, it is unclear whether health benefits are limited to aerobic training or if other exercise modalities such as resistance training or a combination are as effective or more effective in the overweight and obese. The aim of this study is ...
Dayi Ayfer - - 2012
Maternal exercise during pregnancy has been suggested to exert beneficial effects on brain functions of the offspring. Leptin is an adipocytokine which is secreted from adipose tissues and has positive effects on learning, memory, and synaptic plasticity. In this study, pregnant rats were moderately exercised and we observed the effects ...
Quirié Aurore - - 2012
Physical exercise constitutes an innovative strategy to treat deficits associated with stroke through the promotion of BDNF-dependent neuroplasticity. However, there is no consensus on the optimal intensity/duration of exercise. In addition, whether previous stroke changes the effect of exercise on the brain is not known. Therefore, the present study compared ...
Annesi James J - - 2012
Background: Using a practical setting, this study aimed to test exercise and nutrition interventions' effects on negative mood, self-regulation, and self-efficacy to control eating; and to assess the ability of mood change to predict changes in eating behavior, while accounting for changes in self-regulation and self-efficacy. Methods: Severely obese adults ...
Moreno Bolívar Hilario H Universidad de Caldas, Manizales Colombia. E-mail: hilario.moreno@ucaldas.edu.co, - - 2012
This study sought to correlate the anthropometric and functional variables, and exercise habits in a group of elderly adults who regularly attend exercise programs. Participation of 217 subjects between 60 and 85 years of age, from 13 regions of Colombia. Anthropometric and functional assessment was conducted as a questionnaire on ...
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