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Results 251 - 300 of 1205
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Bulut Suleyman - - 2012
This study was designed to investigate the effects of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) supplementation and endurance exercise training-induced changes on post-heparin lipoprotein lipase (PH-LPL) and Butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) activities along with leptin, insulin and lipid levels in plasma by a randomized double blind experiment. Eighteen sedentary male volunteers were randomly divided ...
Leamy Larry J LJ Department of Biology, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, North Carolina 28223, USA. - - 2012
Driven by the recent obesity epidemic, interest in understanding the complex genetic and environmental basis of body weight and composition is great. We investigated this by searching for quantitative trait loci (QTLs) affecting a number of weight and adiposity traits in a G(10) advanced intercross population produced from crosses of ...
Battaglia Gina M GM Department of Kinesiology, College of Health and Human Performance, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27858, - - 2012
Obese individuals typically exhibit a reduced capacity for metabolic flexibility by failing to increase fatty acid oxidation (FAO) upon the imposition of a high-fat diet (HFD). Exercise training increases FAO in the skeletal muscle of obese individuals, but whether this intervention can restore metabolic flexibility is unclear. The purpose of ...
Song J K - - 2012
This study tested the hypothesis that 12 weeks of air board exercise would enhance cardiorespiratory fitness and vascular compliance and reduce % body fat in obese Korean boys. Twenty-two obese boys (>30% body fat) were studied. They were divided into 2 groups- an aerobic exercise group (N.=12), which trained 3 ...
Petriz Bernardo A - - 2012
Exercise is recognized to prevent and attenuate several metabolic and cardiovascular disorders. Obesity is commonly related to cardiovascular diseases, frequently resulting in heart failure and death. To elucidate the effects of acute exercise in heart tissue from obese animals, twelve-week-old C57BL6/J obese (ob/ob) and non-obese (ob/OB) mice were submitted to ...
Jenkins Nathan T NT Department of 1Biomedical Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA. - - 2012
Adipose tissue inflammation plays a role in cardiovascular (CV) and metabolic diseases associated with obesity, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The interactive effects of exercise training and metformin, two first-line T2DM treatments, on adipose tissue inflammation are not known. Using the hyperphagic, obese, insulin-resistant Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima ...
Willis Leslie H LH Division of Cardiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA. - - 2012
Recent guidelines on exercise for weight loss and weight maintenance include resistance training as part of the exercise prescription. Yet few studies have compared the effects of similar amounts of aerobic and resistance training on body mass and fat mass in overweight adults. STRRIDE AT/RT, a randomized trial, compared aerobic ...
Huh Joo Young JY Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, BethIsrael Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, - - 2012
In mouse, PGC1-α overexpression in muscle stimulates an increase in expression of FNDC5, a membrane protein that is cleaved and secreted as a newly identified hormone, irisin. One prior study has shown that FNDC5 induces browning of subcutaneous fat in mice and mediates beneficial effects of exercise on metabolism, but ...
Hagnäs Maria P - - 2012
AIMS: A population-based study of 1046 young Finnish men was performed to evaluate whether body composition changes observed during military service are associated with a reduction in prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS), and whether the effect is body mass index (BMI)-dependent. METHODS: A prospective study of 1046 men (mean age ...
Goldschmidt Andrea B AB Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA. - - 2013
Some investigators have suggested subtyping bulimia nervosa (BN) by anorexia nervosa (AN) history. We examined trait-level and momentary eating-related and psychosocial factors in BN with and without an AN history. Interview, questionnaire, and ecological momentary assessment data of eating-related and psychological symptoms were collected from 122 women with BN, including ...
Guelfi Kym J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of 12 weeks of aerobic (AER) compared with resistance training (RES) on perceived hunger and fullness, together with appetite-related hormones in both the fasted state and postprandially. METHODS: Thirty-three inactive, overweight and obese men (age 49±7 years; BMI 30.8±4.2kg/m(2)) were allocated to either AER exercise ...
Coquart J-B - - 2012
The most common tool used for measuring effort perception is the rating scale of perceived exertion (RPE) developed by Borg. This scale is also used for various outcomes in the general population. The validity and reliability of this scale have already been reported in obese patients. However, the relevance of ...
Subhan Mirza M F - - 2012
Persons with high or low body mass index (BMI), involved in clinical or mechanistic trials involving exercise testing, might estimate dyspnoea differently from persons with a normal BMI. Our objective was to investigate the relationship between BMI and dyspnoea during exercise in normal subjects with varying BMI. A total of ...
Ramírez-Vélez Robinson - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Several studies have extensively documented the benefits of moderate intensity physical training for reducing the risk of cardiovascular death in the management of overweight and obesity. However, the benefits of vigorous intensity training are small. OBJECTIVE: To examine sex differences in the relationship between vigorous vs. moderate intensity exercise ...
Lyons Elizabeth J EJ Department of Nutrition, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA. - - 2012
Some active video games have been found to promote physical activity adherence because of enjoyment. However, many active games are exercise themed, which may interfere with the distracting properties that make game-based exercise more enjoyable than traditional exercise. This study compared exercise-themed and game-themed active games to investigate differences in ...
Casey Amanda - - 2012
People with intellectual disability are more likely to be obese and extremely obese than people without intellectual disability with rates remaining elevated among adults, women and individuals living in community settings. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry measured the effects of a 13-week aquatic exercise and nutrition intervention on percent body fat in ...
Covey Margaret K MK Department of Biobehavioral Health Science, College of Nursing, University of Illinois at Chicago, - - 2012
Loss of skeletal muscle strength is commonly seen with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The study aim was to determine the effects of comprehensive upper-body resistance training (8 different lifts) and a self-efficacy enhancing intervention in COPD with respect to muscle strength, symptoms, functional status and exercise adherence. This randomized ...
Roupas Nikolaos D - - 2012
To evaluate the effect of prolonged intensive aerobic exercise and acute energy deficit (180 km ultra-marathon race) on serum leptin, adiponectin, resistin and visfatin levels and their association and interaction with serum cortisol and insulin levels in highly trained ultra-endurance runners. The study included 17 highly trained ultra-endurance male athletes ...
Hansen Mette - - 2012
Our aim was to determine synthesis rate of myofibrillar and collagen proteins in 20 postmenopausal women, who were either nonusers (Controls) or users of estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) after hysterectomy/oophorectomy. Myofibrillar and muscle collagen protein fractional synthesis rate (FSR) were determined in a nonexercised leg and 24 hours after exercise ...
Mayer John M - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to assess the relationships between obesity and measures of back and core muscular endurance in firefighters. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted in career firefighters without low back pain. Obesity measures included body mass index (BMI) and body fat percentage assessed with air displacement ...
Miyatani Masae - - 2012
We aimed to compare the level of agreement between leg-to-leg bioelectrical impedance analysis (LBIA) and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) for assessing changes in body composition following exercise intervention among individuals with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Forty-four adults with T2DM, age 53.2 ± 9.1 years; BMI 30.8 ± 5.9 kg/m(2) participated ...
Baynard Tracy - - 2012
We aimed to determine the effects of 6 wks of exercise on inflammatory markers in mice concomitantly fed either high-fat (HF) or normal chow (NC) diets in young mice. C57BL/6 mice were randomized into (n = 10/group) an NC/sedentary (NC/SED), NC/exercise (NC/EX), HF/SED, and HF/EX groups. Treadmill exercise was performed ...
Baltaci A K - - 2012
Exercise is known to increase free fatty acid and glucose metabolism. In consideration of such physiological effects of leptin such as reducing food intake and increasing energy consumption, many researchers have studied the relation between leptin and exercise. Despite the inconsistency between results, it is generally accepted that physical activity ...
Ingle Lee - - 2012
Peak oxygen uptake (VO2) during a maximal exercise test is used to stratify patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and is usually corrected for body mass. To explore the influence of body mass on risk prediction during treadmill cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) in patients with CHF. A total of 411 ...
O'Donnell Denis E - - 2012
In many parts of the world, the prevalence of obesity is increasing at an alarming rate. The association between obesity, multiple comorbidities, and increased mortality is now firmly established in many epidemiological studies. However, the link between obesity and exercise intolerance is less well studied and is the focus of ...
Bijeh N - - 2012
Cardiovascular disease is the most common cause of death in the world. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of aerobic exercise on serum inflammatory markers in untrained middle-aged women. Nineteen healthy female middle-aged were selected by convenience sampling method and were randomly divided into two experimental ...
Annesi James J - - 2012
Obesity is a national health problem regularly confronting medical professionals. Although reduced-energy (kilocalorie [kcal]) eating and increased exercise will reliably reduce weight, these behaviors have been highly resistant to sustained change. To control eating using theory-based cognitive-behavioral methods that leverage the positive psychosocial effects of newly initiated exercise as an ...
Bocalini Danilo Sales - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of circuit-based exercise on the body composition in obese older women by focusing on physical exercise and body weight (BW) gain control in older people. Seventy older women (>60 years old) voluntarily took part in the study. Participants were randomized ...
Leroux Janette S - - 2012
Social networks influence the spread of depression, health behaviors, and obesity. The social networks of older urban-dwelling adults were examined to assess whether physical inactivity mediated the association between social networks and obesity. Data come from the Montreal Neighborhood Networks and Healthy Aging study (n=2707). Self-reported height and weight were ...
Farias J M - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the protective effect of concurrent exercise in the degree of the insulin resistance in mice fed with a high-fat diet, and assess adiponectin receptors (ADIPOR1 and ADIPOR2) and endosomal adaptor protein APPL1 in different tissues. Twenty-four mice were randomized into four ...
Ho Suleen S - - 2012
Evidence suggests that exercise training improves CVD risk factors. However, it is unclear whether health benefits are limited to aerobic training or if other exercise modalities such as resistance training or a combination are as effective or more effective in the overweight and obese. The aim of this study is ...
Dayi Ayfer - - 2012
Maternal exercise during pregnancy has been suggested to exert beneficial effects on brain functions of the offspring. Leptin is an adipocytokine which is secreted from adipose tissues and has positive effects on learning, memory, and synaptic plasticity. In this study, pregnant rats were moderately exercised and we observed the effects ...
Quirié Aurore - - 2012
Physical exercise constitutes an innovative strategy to treat deficits associated with stroke through the promotion of BDNF-dependent neuroplasticity. However, there is no consensus on the optimal intensity/duration of exercise. In addition, whether previous stroke changes the effect of exercise on the brain is not known. Therefore, the present study compared ...
Annesi James J - - 2012
Background: Using a practical setting, this study aimed to test exercise and nutrition interventions' effects on negative mood, self-regulation, and self-efficacy to control eating; and to assess the ability of mood change to predict changes in eating behavior, while accounting for changes in self-regulation and self-efficacy. Methods: Severely obese adults ...
Moreno Bolívar Hilario H Universidad de Caldas, Manizales Colombia. E-mail: hilario.moreno@ucaldas.edu.co, - - 2012
This study sought to correlate the anthropometric and functional variables, and exercise habits in a group of elderly adults who regularly attend exercise programs. Participation of 217 subjects between 60 and 85 years of age, from 13 regions of Colombia. Anthropometric and functional assessment was conducted as a questionnaire on ...
Vilaça José - - 2011
The combination of Strength Training (ST) with Aerobic Training (AT) exercises in the same training session, which commonly appears in literature as the concurrent training, is widely used in fitness and physical condition programs, especially when the aim is to increase the energy expenditure during and after training session. The ...
Millet G Y - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to examine the physiological and biological factors associated with ultra-endurance performance. Fourteen male runners volunteered to run on a treadmill as many kilometers as possible over a 24-h period (24TR). Maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2max)), velocity associated with VO(2max)(VO(2max)) and running economy (RE) at 8 ...
Chaolu Huhe - - 2011
Lifestyle-related diseases are associated with overeating and lack of exercise. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of exercise and high-fat diet on plasma adiponectin and nesfatin levels. Mice were housed for 4 weeks in 4 groups, which included the non-exercise and normal diet (SN), exercise and ...
Gologorsky Edward - - 2011
A 4-mm patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) was serendipitously diagnosed during intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography for a noncardiac procedure in an obese adult patient with a history of decreased exercise tolerance and dyspnea, despite a negative preoperative transthoracic examination. This uncommon event poses questions regarding the relevance of this finding to the ...
Edman Joel S - - 2011
Increasing prevalences of obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) increase cardiovascular risks. Since poor diet and inadequate exercise are primary behavioral causes of obesity and T2DM, our objective was to examine health beliefs and associations with diet, exercise, and metabolic syndrome (MetSyndr) characteristics. A total of 117 overweight and obese ...
Vatansever-Ozen Serife S School of Physical Education and - - 2011
This study investigated the effects of a long bout of aerobic exercise on hunger and energy intake and circulating levels of leptin and acylated ghrelin. Ten healthy male subjects undertook two, 4 h trials in a randomized crossover design. In the exercise trial subjects ran for 105 min at 50% ...
Seo Dong-Il DI Neuromuscular Research Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma , - - 2011
Visfatin is a highly expressed protein with insulin-like functions located predominantly in visceral adipose tissue and has been linked to obesity and increased health risks. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of 12 weeks of combined exercise training on visfatin and metabolic syndrome factors in obese ...
Annesi James J JJ YMCA of Metropolitan Atlanta, - - 2011
An emphasis on increasing self-regulation is an alternate to nutrition education, which has had poor results in the behavioral treatment of obesity. Although appropriately designed weight-loss treatments may enhance one's self-regulatory ability to control eating, whether improvements are moderated by psychosocial factors such as initial self-regulatory skills use, self-efficacy to ...
Alp Ayse A Diyarbakir Training and Research Hospital, Biochemistry Department , Diyarbakir, - - 2011
In order to understand whether exercise and caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) has an effect on obesity and weight control, we investigated the effects of CAPE, and exercise on lipid parameters (triglyceride, total cholesterol, HDL-C, LDL-C), and adipokine substances such as leptin and resistin in rats. 40 male rat were ...
Wang H Y - - 2010
The purposes of this study were to investigate the distribution characteristics of CAG repeat polymorphism in exon 1 of androgen receptor gene and the association of CAG polymorphism with VO₂max response to hypoxic training in North China Han men. Sixty-five healthy young men completed a 30-day HiHiLo training (living high, ...
Vella Chantal A - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to assess cardiac function and arteriovenous oxygen difference (a-vO(2) difference) at rest and during exercise in young, normal-weight (n = 20), and obese (n = 12) men and women who were matched for age and fitness level. Participants were assessed for body composition, peak oxygen consumption (VO(2peak)), and ...
Gordon D - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to address if there is an association between the plateau at V˙O (2max) and the anaerobic capacity. 9 well-trained cyclists (age 22.2 ± 3.5 yr, height 182.5 ± 5.0 cm, mass 75.7 ± 8.7 kg, V˙O (2max) 59.3 ± 4.8 ml x kg(-1) x ...
Wheatley Courtney M - - 2011
Exercise has been shown to be beneficial for patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), but for some CF patients there is a risk of desaturation, although the predicting factors are not conclusive or reliable. We sought to determine the relationship between the diffusion capacity of the lungs for nitric oxide and ...
Letombe A - - 2010
To establish the value of an early post-stroke evaluation of cardiorespiratory fitness in hemiparetic patients using a one-leg cycling exercise test and to analyze the impact of an adapted physical activity programme 12 weeks after the stroke. Eighteen hemiparetic stroke patients participated in the study. The subjects were randomly assigned ...
Spencer Matthew D - - 2011
This study compared the parameter estimates of pulmonary oxygen uptake (VO(2p)), heart rate (HR) and muscle deoxygenation (Δ[HHb]) kinetics when several moderate-intensity exercise transitions (MODs) were performed during a single visit versus several MODs performed during separate visits. Nine subjects (24 ± 5 years, mean ± SD) each completed two successive cycling MODs on six ...
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