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Results 201 - 250 of 1219
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Uritani Daisuke D Department of Public Health, Graduate School of Medicine, Hyogo College of Medicine, Hyogo, Japan. Electronic - - 2013
Summary: Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effects of 6-month regular exercise and nutritional guidance for body composition, blood pressure, muscle strength and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in community-dwelling Japanese women aged 40-74 years.Methods: Participants were divided into an intervention group (n = 48) comprising women registered for ...
Thivel D - - 2013
WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT: Acute exercise may lead to subsequent energy expenditure compensation. Intensive exercise may favor a higher compensation than low or moderate exercises. WHAT THIS STUDY ADDS: This post-exercise compensation might occur only in overweight/obese youth and not in lean. This work used objective measures ...
Brooks Kelly A KA Department of Kinesiology, Texas A&M University, Corpus Christi, - - 2013
Soccer research in exercise science has focused on men's soccer, while women's soccer has been underrepresented in training studies, as well as in studies focusing on physiological variables. The purpose of this study was to examine anthropometric data and selected physiological and biomechanical variables of importance as they correlates to ...
Giussani Marco - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: Aim of the study was to assess the role of family history, physical activity and parental smoking in the prediction of BMI, SBP and hypertension risk in children. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS:: In a paediatric primary care setting, a sample of 1310 children aged 5-14 years was systematically selected by ...
Fuqua John S - - 2013
Complex mechanisms exist in the human to defend against adverse effects of negative energy balance. These include alterations of hormone secretion affecting the growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor system, the adrenal axis, and the reproductive system, particularly in females. Energy deficits are least partially offset by neuroendocrine mechanisms regulating appetite and ...
Annesi James J - - 2013
Results from behavioral treatments for obesity have been disappointing due to an inability to sustain healthy eating. The concurrent use of theory, research, and practical application has the potential of reducing overeating through innovative treatments. When overweight individuals begin an exercise program their eating tends to improve, however, the basis ...
Araya A V - - 2013
Exercise increases the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in rodents and in healthy humans. Its relationship with weight loss and improvement in metabolic parameters, in obese human subjects, has not been elucidated. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of an aerobic exercise program on circulating ...
Campbell Kristin L KL National Center for Tumor Diseases (NCT), Division of Preventive Oncology, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Im Neuenheimer Feld 460, Heidelberg 69120, Germany. - - 2013
Adipose tissue plays a role in obesity-related cancers via increased production of inflammatory factors, steroid hormones, and altered adipokines. The impact of weight loss on adipose tissue gene expression may provide insights into pathways linking obesity with cancer risk. We conducted an ancillary study within a randomized trial of diet, ...
Akbarpour M M Department of Physical Education, University of Qom, Qom, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of 12 weeks of aerobic training on the serum levels of adiponectin and leptin and on inflammatory markers of coronary heart disease in obese men. Sixteen non-athlete obese men were randomly assigned to one of two experimental groups. The experimental ...
Evans J - - 2013
Near infrared reactance (NIR) is used to measure body fat percentage (BF%), but there is little data on its use in non-obese, regularly exercising individuals. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the limits of agreement between NIR compared to dual x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) for the measurement of BF% in 2 ...
Smitka Kvido K Institute of Endocrinology, Laboratory of Clinical and Experimental Neuroendocrinology, Narodni 8, 116 94 Prague 1, Czech Republic. - - 2013
Free fatty acids (FFA)-adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) feedback loop between adipose tissue and the hypothalamic-pituitary centers in the brain has been suggested to be affected by the exercise and by administration of anti-lipolytic drugs. Also leptin may be affected by exercise. Dysfunction of FFA-leptin-ACTH secretion might be involved in binge eating and ...
Trussardi Fayh Ana Paula - - 2013
Evidence supports an important contribution of abdominal obesity and inflammation to the development of insulin resistance (IR) and CVD. Weight loss in obese individuals can reduce inflammation and, consequently, IR, but the role of training remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of body weight ...
Gallagher Robyn - - 2013
Objectives:To determine whether weight loss interventions, which combine dietary, exercise and behaviour change strategies, result in reduced weight, body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference in people with coronary heart disease (CHD), hypertension (HTN) and/or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).Design:A systematic review of studies published 1997 to 2010.Data Sources:The electronic ...
Yamazaki Fumio - - 2013
To determine the effectiveness of habitual exercise on the health promotion of college students, we measured the body composition and physical fitness of female nursing students before (Pre) and after (Post) an 8-week low-intensity exercise intervention. We also conducted a questionnaire survey of their mental health condition before and at ...
Scott H A - - 2013
Obesity and asthma are associated conditions; however, the mechanisms linking the two remain unclear. Few studies have examined the effects of weight loss on inflammation and clinical outcomes in obese-asthma. To compare the effects of weight loss achieved by dietary restriction, exercise or combined dietary restriction and exercise on airway ...
Milanese Chiara - - 2013
This work explored the short-term effect of whole body vibration (WBV) training on anthropometry, body composition and muscular strength in obese women. Fifty obese women (age=46.8±7.81[SD]y; BMI=35.1±3.55kg/m(2)) were assigned to a ten-week WBV training period, two times a week (in each session, 14min vibration training, 5min rest; vibration amplitude 2.0-5.0mm, ...
Yoshikawa Takahiro - - 2013
Background We aimed to examine the association of appetitive motives with a non-exercise lifestyle, defined as exercising less than once per year, in a young adult population. Material and Methods We asked university students to answer questions about their exercise habits. We also assessed their appetitive motives, with or without ...
Queipo-Ortuño María Isabel - - 2013
Several evidences indicate that gut microbiota is involved in the control of host energy metabolism. To evaluate the differences in the composition of gut microbiota in rat models under different nutritional status and physical activity and to identify their associations with serum leptin and ghrelin levels. IN A CASE CONTROL ...
Castner Diobel M - - 2013
Heart rate recovery (HRR) is an indicator of all-cause mortality in children and adults. We aimed to determine the effect of adiposity and Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS), a congenital form of obesity, on HRR. Sixteen children of normal weight (NW = body fat % ≤85th percentile, 9.4 ± 1.1 y), 18 children ...
Krogsgaard Silje - - 2013
Background. The objective was to examine the association between prepregnancy physical exercise and offspring birth weight and to assess the combined association of pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and physical exercise on birth weight. Methods. The study included 2,026 women aged 20-39 years participating in the Norwegian HUNT study and ...
Abu-Farha Mohamed - - 2013
Sedentary lifestyle and excessive energy intake are prominent contributors to obesity; a major risk factors for the development of insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Elucidating the molecular mechanisms underlying these chronic conditions is of relevant importance as it might lead to the identification of novel anti-obesity targets. ...
Kemmler Wolfgang - - 2013
The primary aim of this study was to determine the effect of 12 months of whole-body electromyostimulation (WB-EMS) exercise on appendicular muscle mass and abdominal fat mass in subjects specifically at risk for sarcopenia and abdominal obesity, but unable or unwilling to exercise conventionally. Forty-six lean, nonsportive (<60 minutes of ...
Cheng Helen - - 2013
To investigate whether personality traits, education, physical exercise, parental socio-economic conditions, and childhood neurological function are independently associated with obesity in 50 year old adults in a longitudinal birth cohort study. The sample consisted of 5,921 participants born in Great Britain in 1958 and followed up at 7, 11, 33, ...
Shim Yun M YM Department of Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, United States of - - 2013
Obese children frequently complain of breathlessness. Asthma and obesity can both contribute to the symptoms during exercise, and this symptom can contribute to a diagnosis of asthma in these children. Despite the high prevalence of obesity few studies have investigated the cardiopulmonary physiology of breathlessness in obese children with a ...
Dobrosielski Devon A DA Department of Kinesiology, Towson University, Towson, Maryland, - - 2013
To examine the effect of exercise on abdominal adipose tissue in adults with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Post hoc analysis of two randomised controlled trials. Outpatient secondary prevention programme in Baltimore, Maryland, USA. 97 men and women with prehypertension, stage 1 or medically controlled hypertension. 49% of ...
Miller Clint T CT Centre for Exercise and Sports Science, School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Melbourne, - - 2013
Obesity is associated with impairments of physical function, cardiovascular fitness, muscle strength and the capacity to perform activities of daily living. This review examines the specific effects of exercise training in relation to body composition and physical function demonstrated by changes in cardiovascular fitness, and muscle strength when obese adults ...
Lee Eun-Ok EO Department of Physical Rehabilitation, Russian State University of Physical Education, Sport, Youth and Tourism, Moscow, - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to identify what kind of effects complex exercise rehabilitation program has on body composition of female, blood pressure, blood sugar, blood vessel elasticity and find more effective complex exercise program for elderly females. The subjects are selected 30 females applicants in exercise program in ...
Bell Gordon G Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2013
This study compared two different body positions at the finish of a stroke during stationary rowing exercise on physiological and kinematic measurements. Nine male and five female rowers volunteered for the study: mean age (± SD), body height and body mass were 27 ±9 yrs, 180.5 ±12.3 cm and 81.2 ...
Takai Yohei Y National Institute of Fitness and Sports in Kanoya , Kagoshima, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of body mass-based squat training on body composition, muscular strength and motor fitness in adolescent boys. Ninety-four boys (13.7 ± 0.6 yrs, 1.60 ± 0.09 m, 50.2 ± 9.6 kg) participated in this study and were randomly assigned to training ...
Kelley George A GA Meta-Analytic Research Group, Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Robert C. Byrd Health Sciences Center, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506-9190, - - 2013
Purpose. Conduct a systematic review of previous meta-analyses addressing the effects of exercise in the treatment of overweight and obese children and adolescents. Methods. Previous meta-analyses of randomized controlled exercise trials that assessed adiposity in overweight and obese children and adolescents were included by searching nine electronic databases and cross-referencing ...
Yi Xuejie X Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Basic Medical Sciences, China Medical University, Shenyang 110001, China ; Department of Exercise Science, Shenyang Sport University, Shenyang, - - 2013
Aim. To investigate the effects of acute and chronic exercise on glucose and lipid metabolism in liver of rats with type 2 diabetes caused by a high fat diet and low dose streptozotocin (STZ). Methods. Animals were classified into control (CON), diabetes (DC), diabetic chronic exercise (DCE), and diabetic acute ...
Millis Richard M RM Department of Physiology & Biophysics, The Howard University College of Medicine, Washington, DC 20059, - - 2013
Body mass index (BMI) is negatively correlated with cardiorespiratory fitness, measured by maximal or peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak). VO2peak measurements require heavy aerobic exercise to near exhaustion which increases the potential for adverse cardiovascular events. This study tests the hypothesis that VO2 measured at a fixed submaximal workload of 30 ...
Kellam Stephanie S Health Program, College of Education, University of Houston, Houston, TX, - - 2013
Objective. The primary purpose of this study was to determine the impact of two exercise dosages on reducing adiposity in minority girls. Materials and methods. Sixty-two overweight Hispanic and African-American girls participated in one of two intense summer interventions in Houston, TX: Intervention A (exposure to about 40 hours physical ...
deRosset Leslie L March of Dimes North Carolina Preconception Health Campaign Raleigh, North Carolina, - - 2013
The purpose of this feasibility study was to assist limited English proficiency women predominately from Mexico (N = 24) to lose weight postpartum and establish effect sizes to power a randomized controlled pilot study. At 3 months, a small (0.20) effect size was noted in the experimental group compared to ...
Antonio Jose J Exercise and Sports Sciences, Nova Southeastern University, 3532 S. University Drive, University Park Plaza Suite 3532, Davie, FL 33314, - - 2013
Chronic supplementation with creatine monohydrate has been shown to promote increases in total intramuscular creatine, phosphocreatine, skeletal muscle mass, lean body mass and muscle fiber size. Furthermore, there is robust evidence that muscular strength and power will also increase after supplementing with creatine. However, it is not known if the ...
Zipfel Stephan - - 2013
Excessive physical activity is one of the most paradoxical features of anorexia nervosa (AN). However, there is individual variation in the degree of physical activity found in AN-patients. As a result, marked differences in energy expenditure may be expected. Furthermore, exercise has a positive impact on a variety of psychological ...
Carnie A A Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Branch, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, - - 2013
Obesity in the United States is highly prevalent, approaching 60% for black women. We investigated whether nutrition education sessions at the work place added to internet-based wellness information and exercise resources would facilitate weight and fat mass loss in a racially diverse population of overweight female employees. A total of ...
Lee Kyoung-Young - - 2012
The effects of exercise on adiponectin levels have been reported to be variable and may be attributable to an interaction between environmental and genetic factors. The single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) 45 (T>G) and SNP276 (G>T) of the adiponectin gene are associated with metabolic risk factors including adiponectin levels. We examined ...
Mueller Michael J MJ Program in Physical Therapy and Department of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA. - - 2013
To determine the effects of weight-bearing (WB) versus nonweight-bearing (NWB) exercise for persons with diabetes mellitus (DM) and peripheral neuropathy (PN). Randomized controlled trial with evaluations at baseline and after intervention. University-based physical therapy research clinic. Participants with DM and PN (N=29) (mean age ± SD, 64.5±12.5y; mean body mass ...
Wearing Scott C - - 2013
This research evaluated the effect of obesity on the acute cumulative transverse strain of the Achilles tendon in response to exercise. Twenty healthy adult males were categorized into 'low normal-weight' (BMI <23 kg m(-2)) and 'overweight' (BMI >27.5 kg m(-2)) groups based on intermediate cut-off points recommended by the World Health Organization. Longitudinal sonograms ...
Numao Shigeharu - - 2012
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 12-week exercise training on circulating retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) concentration and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in obese men. Methods: 29 obese men (age 48 ± 2 years; BMI 29.6 ± 0.7 kg/m(2)) participated in a 12-week exercise ...
Calcaterra Valeria - - 2012
Abstract Physical activity may protect from the adverse effects of obesity. In obese children, an increased adherence and a decreased drop-out rate during exercise could be achieved with adaptated activities. We studied a recreational 12-week controlled training program for sedentary obese children, including interactive video games. We enrolled 22 obese ...
Martins Catia - - 2012
PURPOSE: The impact of exercise on body mass is likely to be partially mediated through changes in appetite control. However, no studies have examined the impact of chronic exercise on obestatin and cholecystokinin (CCK) plasma concentrations or the sensitivity to detect differences in preload energy, in obese individuals. The objective ...
Paschalis Vassilis - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to estimate the effect of being overweight or underweight on proprioception at rest, as well as after muscle damaging eccentric exercise. Twelve lean, twelve overweight and eight underweight females performed an eccentric exercise session using the knee extensor muscles of the dominant ...
Chan Carling Yan-Yan - - 2012
PURPOSE: Rats given sugar-sweetened drinks can develop glucose intolerance, insulin resistance and dyslipidaemia. The aim of this study was to investigate whether such metabolic disruptions and also possible weight gain induced by chronic sucrose consumption could be attenuated by low-volume exercise. METHODS: Using a 2 × 2 factorial design, rats were given ...
Fuller-Tyszkiewicz Matt - - 2012
Abstract Although the link between exercise and body image is well documented, the considerable inter-individual variability in this relationship has been largely ignored. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to test the contributions of key body image and exercise-related moderators (age, body mass index (BMI), exercise frequency, trait ...
Shing Cecilia M - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Adiponectin influences metabolic adaptations that would prove beneficial to endurance athletes and yet to date there is little known about the response of adiponectin concentrations to exercise, and in particular, the response of this hormone to training in an athlete population. This study aimed to determine the response of ...
Jerome Gerald J - - 2012
The benefits of regular physical activity are particularly salient to persons with serious mental illness (SMI) who have increased prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and earlier mortality from cardiovascular disease. The Activating Consumers to Exercise through Peer Support (ACE) trial will examine the effectiveness of peer support on adherence to a ...
Readdy Tucker - - 2012
Previous analyses (i.e., Bernstein & St. John, 2006; Sender & Sullivan, 2008) of the television show The Biggest Loser have detailed its negative presentation of the obese body, potential consequences for viewers, and its role as a technology of governmentality. However there has been little exploration of how audience members ...
Leão da Silva Patrícia - - 2012
Objective: To assess the effects of weight loss on adipokines, asthma-related symptoms, exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB) and lung function, and to evaluate the role of leptin and adiponectin levels on lung function after treatment in obese adolescents. Methods: 84 postpubertal obese adolescents were enrolled and distributed in quartiles according to weight ...
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