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Lakhdar Nadia - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of 6 months aerobic exercise and diet alone or in combination on markers of inflammation (MOI) in circulation and in adipose abdominal tissue (AT) in obese women. Thirty obese subjects were randomized into a 24-week intervention: (1) exercise (EX), (2) diet ...
Caruso V - - 2013
Maternal overnutrition is implicated in the development of adult metabolic disease, and has been shown to alter the expression of genes involved in energy homeostasis. Here we aimed to test whether a short period of voluntary exercise, followed by a sedentary period, would regulate hypothalamic markers involved in appetite. Adult ...
Stevenson J L - - 2013
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:Identifying critical periods of greater weight gain could provide useful information to combat the obesity epidemic. We tested whether body weight (BW), body fat percentage (BF%) and blood pressure (BP) changed during the holiday season (thanksgiving to new year's day) and the impact of regular exercise on these parameters.SUBJECTS/METHODS:A total ...
Babb Tony G - - 2013
Obesity is a national health issue in the US. Among the many physiological changes induced by obesity, it also presents a unique challenge to ventilatory control during exercise due to increased metabolic demand of moving larger limbs, increased work of breathing due to extra weight on the chest wall, and ...
Lakhdar Nadia - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Adiponectin, the most abundant protein secreted by white adipose tissue, is known for its involvement in insulin resistance (HOMA-R). The purpose of this investigation was to assess the effect of intense cycling training for six months on plasma concentrations of adiponectin and leptin and HOMA-R. METHODS: Eight trained males ...
Wasylkiw Louise - - 2013
Undergraduate women (N = 143) completed self-reports on exercise behavior, body orientation, body appreciation, and body-related talk. Results showed that conversations about weight loss/dieting and conversations about exercise differentially predicted body appreciation. Importantly, multiple regression analyses showed that the relationship between talk type and body appreciation was explained by the ...
Sénéchal Martin - - 2013
OBJECTIVETo investigate the associations between changes in body composition and fitness after exercise training and changes in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in individuals with type 2 diabetes.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODSParticipants (n = 201) were randomized to aerobic, resistance, or combined training for 9 months. HbA1c, waist circumference, total and trunk fat ...
Kang Sunghwun - - 2013
The present study examined the change to the effect of the leptin sensitivity by leptin resistance-induced leptin receptor (ObRb) and leptin-related suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3) mRNA levels in hypothalamic, liver, muscle and leptin protein levels in blood after eight weeks of exercise training and/or dietary control of high ...
Hopkins Mark - - 2013
BACKGROUND: While compensatory eating following acute aerobic exercise is highly variable, little is known about the underlying mechanisms that contribute to the alterations in exercise-induced eating behaviour. METHODS: Overweight and obese women (body mass index=29.6±4.0 kg/m(2)) performed a bout of cycling individually tailored to expend 400 kcal (EX) or a ...
Kraushaar Lutz Erwin - - 2013
This study aims to investigate whether a Web-based tool will facilitate the adoption of feedback control over calorie balance in overweight individuals, thereby promoting an increase of physical activity and a reduction of body weight and cardiovascular risk factors. This is a prospective exercise intervention study, commencing with a minimum ...
Pett Marjorie - - 2013
Abstract We evaluated a 12-week recreation center-based healthy lifestyle intervention for 30 obese home-dwelling young adults (YA) with intellectual disabilities. Three cohorts participated: YA only, YA and parents, and parents only. The YA cohorts received a nutrition/exercise intervention; parents focused on modeling healthy lifestyle behaviors. Outcomes included YA blood, nutrition, ...
Paulo Rui - - 2013
Objective: The main aim of this research project was to measure the effects of physical activity on corporal composition (BMI and waist circumference) on spirometric values and relate these indicators to the respiratory/ventilator function. Material and Methods: The sample consisted of 86 individuals, higher education students, with an average age ...
Daneshvar Pooya - - 2013
Quercetin is a bioflavonoid which occurs in many food items. Some previous studies on quercetin showed inconsistent results on exercise performance, muscle damage and body muscle in athletes. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of eight weeks of quercetin supplementation on exercise performance, muscle damage indices ...
Rizzi Camila F - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate cardiopulmonary exercise performance in lean and obese patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) compared with controls. Case-control study. The study was carried out in Sao Paulo Sleep Institute, Sao Paulo, Brazil. INDIVIDUALS WITH SIMILAR AGES WERE ALLOCATED INTO GROUPS: 22 to the ...
Ko Il-Gyu IG Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to find the change and correlation between obesity factors and body composition according to regular exercise. Thirty-six sturdy men at twenty years old in 'K' university students were participated in this study. The subjects were randomly divided into two groups (n= 18 in each ...
Kim Sook-Jung SJ Department of Nursing, Gwangju Health University, Gwangju, - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to identify the effects of exercise adherence when exercise motivation was empowered. It was planned as a pretest-posttest nonequivalent quasi-experimental design. The study subjects were female college students who wanted exercise and agreed to participate in the Jane Fonda Workout Program (1982) for a ...
Williams Paul T PT Life Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. - - 2013
This study aimed to test whether equivalent changes in moderate (walking) and vigorous exercise (running) produce equivalent weight loss under free-living, nonexperimental conditions. Regression analyses of changes (Δ) in body mass index (BMI) versus exercise energy expenditure (ΔMET-hours per day, 1 MET = 3.5 mL O2·kg·min) from survey questionnaires completed ...
Abbenhardt C C Division of Preventive Oncology, National Center for Tumor Diseases and German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, - - 2013
Excess body weight and a sedentary lifestyle are associated with the development of several diseases, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer in women. One proposed mechanism linking obesity to chronic diseases is an alteration in adipose-derived adiponectin and leptin levels. We investigated the effects of 12-month reduced calorie, weight loss ...
Kayser B - - 2013
High altitude exposure is often accompanied by weight loss. Postulated mechanisms are a reduction of nutritional energy intake, a reduction of intestinal energy uptake from impaired intestinal function and increased energy expenditure. Beyond the field of altitude, there are good reasons for renewed interest in the relationship between hypoxia and ...
Egan A M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Although regular exercise is a critical component of the management of type 2 diabetes, many patients do not meet their exercise targets. Lack of exercise is associated with obesity and adverse cardiovascular outcomes. AIM: We aimed to assess exercise habits in obese Irish patients with type 2 diabetes to ...
Haykowsky Mark J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Exercise intolerance is the primary chronic symptom in patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF), the most common form of heart failure in older persons, and can result from abnormalities in cardiac, vascular, and skeletal muscle, which can be further worsened by physical deconditioning. However, it is ...
Fjeldborg Karen - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Soluble CD163 (sCD163) is a new macrophage specific serum-marker elevated in inflammatory conditions. sCD163 is elevated in obesity and found to be a strong predictor of the development of type 2-diabetes. We investigated whether dietary intervention and moderate exercise was related to changes in sCD163 and how it is ...
McKinney Maureen - - 2013
Policymakers aren't making much progress in their battle against obesity, with New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg, left, suffering a big blow last week when a judge invalidated limits on sugary drinks. But providers and insurers are using their influence to offer a different range of solutions.
Charlot Keyne - - 2013
There is general agreement that exercise-induced energy expenditure is not entirely compensated for at the next meal or over the following 24 h, but inter-individual variability is high. The role of 'fatness and fitness' in this variability has never been assessed. Therefore, eighteen non-obese male subjects aged 22·2 (sd 2·0) years ...
Arnarson A - - 2013
Background/objectives:A few previous studies indicate that protein supplementation increases gains in muscle mass and strength during a resistance exercise program. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether whey protein supplementation results in greater increases in lean body mass, muscle strength and physical function in elderly individuals during 12 ...
Marquez Becky - - 2013
Shaping network members into sources of support for healthy eating and exercise behaviors may be an effective strategy to enhance obesity treatment outcomes. This pilot study examined the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a behavioral weight loss intervention adapted for Latinas with a social network component. Twenty-seven Latinas (43.0±10.2 years ...
Bergman Donald - - 2013
Some obese individuals do not get cardiovascular disease, diabetes, or certain cancers associated with obesity. These healthy obese individuals exercise regularly and reduce circulating levels of inflammatory mediators which are associated with the complications of obesity. Bloated white adipocytes located in ectopic locations such as the liver, produce these inflammatory ...
Comstock Brett A - - 2013
The purpose of this investigation was to assess indices of muscle damage and psychological stress between young, untrained, lean and obese men. Using a between subjects design, nineteen young men [nine lean men (age, 20.1±2.1 y; body mass, 71.7±5.8 kg; height, 177.8±8.7 cm; body fat, 14.7±3.5%), five World Health Organization ...
Rudwill Floriane - - 2013
We tested whether physical inactivity (PI) is an independent predictor of plasma visfatin, a newly discovered adipokine likely involved in the relationship between obesity-associated low-grade inflammation and insulin resistance. PI was induced in healthy men (Body Mass Index = 23.4 ± 0.6 kg·m(-2)) by 10 days of confinement (n = ...
Melanson Edward L - - 2013
In many interventions that are based on an exercise program intended to induce weight loss, the mean weight loss observed is modest and sometimes far less than the individual expected. The individual responses are also widely variable, with some individuals losing a substantial amount of weight, others maintaining weight, and ...
Taskinen Mervi H - - 2013
Physical fitness is an essential feature of overall health. Our objective was to compare the physical performance between nontransplanted acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients (study patients), healthy controls, and ALL patients after stem cell transplantation (SCT). Forty-five ALL patients (median age, 13.3 y) treated without cranial irradiation were compared with ...
Kristensen Jakob - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Exercise-based rehabilitation programmes have formed the cornerstone of the treatment currently delivered at the Defence Medical Rehabilitation Centre (DMRC) based at Headley Court.Increased operational activity in recent years has meant a concomitant increase in the pressure on Defence rehabilitation resources and a greater need for effective rehabilitation strategies. The ...
Donnelly Joseph E - - 2013
Exercise is recommended by public health agencies for weight management; however, the role of exercise is generally considered secondary to energy restriction. Few studies exist that have verified completion of exercise, measured the energy expenditure of exercise, and prescribed exercise with equivalent energy expenditure across individuals and genders. The objective ...
Uritani Daisuke D Department of Public Health, Graduate School of Medicine, Hyogo College of Medicine, Hyogo, Japan. Electronic - - 2013
Summary: Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effects of 6-month regular exercise and nutritional guidance for body composition, blood pressure, muscle strength and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in community-dwelling Japanese women aged 40-74 years.Methods: Participants were divided into an intervention group (n = 48) comprising women registered for ...
Thivel D - - 2013
WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT: Acute exercise may lead to subsequent energy expenditure compensation. Intensive exercise may favor a higher compensation than low or moderate exercises. WHAT THIS STUDY ADDS: This post-exercise compensation might occur only in overweight/obese youth and not in lean. This work used objective measures ...
Brooks Kelly A KA Department of Kinesiology, Texas A&M University, Corpus Christi, - - 2013
Soccer research in exercise science has focused on men's soccer, while women's soccer has been underrepresented in training studies, as well as in studies focusing on physiological variables. The purpose of this study was to examine anthropometric data and selected physiological and biomechanical variables of importance as they correlates to ...
Giussani Marco - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: Aim of the study was to assess the role of family history, physical activity and parental smoking in the prediction of BMI, SBP and hypertension risk in children. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS:: In a paediatric primary care setting, a sample of 1310 children aged 5-14 years was systematically selected by ...
Fuqua John S - - 2013
Complex mechanisms exist in the human to defend against adverse effects of negative energy balance. These include alterations of hormone secretion affecting the growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor system, the adrenal axis, and the reproductive system, particularly in females. Energy deficits are least partially offset by neuroendocrine mechanisms regulating appetite and ...
Annesi James J - - 2013
Results from behavioral treatments for obesity have been disappointing due to an inability to sustain healthy eating. The concurrent use of theory, research, and practical application has the potential of reducing overeating through innovative treatments. When overweight individuals begin an exercise program their eating tends to improve, however, the basis ...
Araya A V - - 2013
Exercise increases the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in rodents and in healthy humans. Its relationship with weight loss and improvement in metabolic parameters, in obese human subjects, has not been elucidated. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of an aerobic exercise program on circulating ...
Campbell Kristin L KL National Center for Tumor Diseases (NCT), Division of Preventive Oncology, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Im Neuenheimer Feld 460, Heidelberg 69120, Germany. - - 2013
Adipose tissue plays a role in obesity-related cancers via increased production of inflammatory factors, steroid hormones, and altered adipokines. The impact of weight loss on adipose tissue gene expression may provide insights into pathways linking obesity with cancer risk. We conducted an ancillary study within a randomized trial of diet, ...
Akbarpour M M Department of Physical Education, University of Qom, Qom, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of 12 weeks of aerobic training on the serum levels of adiponectin and leptin and on inflammatory markers of coronary heart disease in obese men. Sixteen non-athlete obese men were randomly assigned to one of two experimental groups. The experimental ...
Evans J - - 2013
Near infrared reactance (NIR) is used to measure body fat percentage (BF%), but there is little data on its use in non-obese, regularly exercising individuals. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the limits of agreement between NIR compared to dual x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) for the measurement of BF% in 2 ...
Smitka Kvido K Institute of Endocrinology, Laboratory of Clinical and Experimental Neuroendocrinology, Narodni 8, 116 94 Prague 1, Czech Republic. - - 2013
Free fatty acids (FFA)-adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) feedback loop between adipose tissue and the hypothalamic-pituitary centers in the brain has been suggested to be affected by the exercise and by administration of anti-lipolytic drugs. Also leptin may be affected by exercise. Dysfunction of FFA-leptin-ACTH secretion might be involved in binge eating and ...
Trussardi Fayh Ana Paula - - 2013
Evidence supports an important contribution of abdominal obesity and inflammation to the development of insulin resistance (IR) and CVD. Weight loss in obese individuals can reduce inflammation and, consequently, IR, but the role of training remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of body weight ...
Gallagher Robyn - - 2013
Objectives:To determine whether weight loss interventions, which combine dietary, exercise and behaviour change strategies, result in reduced weight, body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference in people with coronary heart disease (CHD), hypertension (HTN) and/or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).Design:A systematic review of studies published 1997 to 2010.Data Sources:The electronic ...
Yamazaki Fumio - - 2013
To determine the effectiveness of habitual exercise on the health promotion of college students, we measured the body composition and physical fitness of female nursing students before (Pre) and after (Post) an 8-week low-intensity exercise intervention. We also conducted a questionnaire survey of their mental health condition before and at ...
Scott H A - - 2013
Obesity and asthma are associated conditions; however, the mechanisms linking the two remain unclear. Few studies have examined the effects of weight loss on inflammation and clinical outcomes in obese-asthma. To compare the effects of weight loss achieved by dietary restriction, exercise or combined dietary restriction and exercise on airway ...
Milanese Chiara - - 2013
This work explored the short-term effect of whole body vibration (WBV) training on anthropometry, body composition and muscular strength in obese women. Fifty obese women (age=46.8±7.81[SD]y; BMI=35.1±3.55kg/m(2)) were assigned to a ten-week WBV training period, two times a week (in each session, 14min vibration training, 5min rest; vibration amplitude 2.0-5.0mm, ...
Yoshikawa Takahiro - - 2013
Background We aimed to examine the association of appetitive motives with a non-exercise lifestyle, defined as exercising less than once per year, in a young adult population. Material and Methods We asked university students to answer questions about their exercise habits. We also assessed their appetitive motives, with or without ...
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