Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1216
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Jarvis S S - - 2007
Foreign and soluble gas rebreathing methods are attractive for determining cardiac output (Q(c)) because they incur less risk than traditional invasive methods such as direct Fick and thermodilution. We compared simultaneously obtained Q(c) measurements during rest and exercise to assess the accuracy and precision of several rebreathing methods. Q(c) measurements ...
Neya Mituso - - 2007
We investigated the effects of nightly intermittent exposure to hypoxia and of training during intermittent hypoxia on both erythropoiesis and running economy (RE), which is indicated by the oxygen cost during running at submaximal speeds. Twenty-five college long- and middle- distance runners [maximal oxygen uptake (Vo(2max)) 60.3 +/- 4.7 ml ...
Guazzi M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Statins represent a modern mainstay of the drug treatment of coronary artery disease and acute coronary syndromes. Reduced aerobic work performance and slowed VO(2) kinetics are established features of the clinical picture of post-myocardial infarction (MI) patients. We tested the hypothesis that statin therapy improves VO(2) exercise performance in ...
Reis V M - - 2007
AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the oxygen uptake (VO(2)) slow component (SC) during level and uphill running in endurance runners, and to identify associations between the SC and the following aerobic fitness indicators: peak VO(2), running speed associated with the peak VO(2) (Vpeak), running speed at ...
Brown P I - - 2007
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between maximal oxygen uptake (Vo(2max)) and repeated sprint ability (RSA) using non-motorised treadmill ergometry. METHODS: Ten male participants (mean [standard deviation] VO(2max): 57.5 [2.1] mL x kg(-1).min(-1)) completed a RSA test (10, 6-s sprints with 34-s recovery) on a ...
Kijima Akira - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to determine the metabolic equivalents (METs) for scooter exercise (riding a scooter, scootering) and to examine the energy expenditure and the heart rate response, so that the results can be used in health promotion activities. Eighteen young adults (10 males and 8 females) participated ...
Ferguson C - - 2007
A recent bout of high-intensity exercise can alter the balance of aerobic and anaerobic energy provision during subsequent exercise above the lactate threshold (theta(L)). However, it remains uncertain whether such "priming" influences the tolerable duration of subsequent exercise through changes in the parameters of aerobic function [e.g., theta(L), maximum oxygen ...
Hofmann P - - 2007
The use of the heart rate turn point (HRTP) to set target heart rate (THR) for prolonged rowing ergometer (E) and single scull rowing (R) was evaluated. Ten trained subjects (age 21.3 +/- 4.0 yrs; VO (2max) 4.77 +/- 0.62 l . min-1) performed incremental exercise tests and 30-min prolonged ...
Wasserman Karlman - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Biventricular pacing (BVP) is used for cardiac resynchronization therapy in wide-QRS-complex heart failure. We sought to quantify the effect of BVP on the exercise pathophysiology of heart failure patients. METHODS: Using cardiopulmonary exercise testing, we analyzed exercise data for a multicenter study sponsored by St. Jude Medical. Patients had ...
Cardoso Fábio - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Patients with COPD have decreased exercise capacity and low oxygen consumption (Vo(2)) during formal cardiopulmonary exercise testing, and lower scores on health-related quality of life questionnaires. When isolated, these three variables show different correlations with COPD mortality. The multidimensional BODE (body mass index[BMI], airflow obstruction, dyspnea, and exercise capacity ...
DeLorey Darren S - - 2007
The effect of prior exercise on pulmonary O(2) uptake (Vo(2)(p)), leg blood flow (LBF), and muscle deoxygenation at the onset of heavy-intensity alternate-leg knee-extension (KE) exercise was examined. Seven subjects [27 (5) yr; mean (SD)] performed step transitions (n = 3; 8 min) from passive KE following no warm-up (HVY ...
Green H J - - 2007
This study investigated the effects of a 16-h protocol of heavy intermittent exercise on the intrinsic activity and protein and isoform content of skeletal muscle Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase. The protocol consisted of 6 min of exercise performed once per hour at approximately 91% peak aerobic power (Vo(2 peak)) with tissue sampling from ...
Kitao Mitsutoshi - - 2007
The interaction of drought and elevated carbon dioxide concentration ([CO(2)]) on carboxylation capacity of Rubisco (V(cmax)) and susceptibility to photoinhibition may be an important determinant of plant responses to seasonal fluctuations in precipitation in an anticipated elevated [CO(2)] environment. Japanese white birch (Betula platyphylla var. japonica) leaves that developed wholly ...
Tworoger Shelley S - - 2007
Prolactin is associated with an increased risk of postmenopausal breast cancer; however, few modifiable factors are known to reduce prolactin concentrations. Therefore, we examined the effect of a 12-month moderate-intensity exercise intervention on serum prolactin concentrations as a secondary end point (primary end points were estrogens and androgens). We randomly ...
Nagayama Osamu - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Although it is assumed that cerebral oxygenation during exercise is influenced by both cardiopulmonary function and cerebrovascular arteriosclerosis, the latter factor has not been fully clarified. In the present study the relationship between the degree of cerebrovascular arteriosclerosis and cerebral oxygenation during exercise was investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS: A ...
Wyon Matthew A - - 2007
This study examined the cardiorespiratory and anthropometric indices of professional classical ballet dancers in relation to company seniority, gender, and supplemental training. Forty-nine participants from an international touring company carried out a peak Vo(2) test and vertical jump test. Anthropometric measurements and supplemental training activities were also recorded for each ...
Faude Oliver - - 2007
The present study aimed at examining the physiological characteristics and metabolic demands of badminton single match play. Twelve internationally ranked badminton players (eight women and four men) performed an incremental treadmill test [VO(2peak = )50.3 +/- 4.1 ml min(-1) kg(-1) (women) and 61.8 +/- 5.9 ml min(-1) kg(-1) (men), respectively]. ...
Knobloch Karsten - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship of breath-by-breath oxygen uptake (VO(2)) and CO, cardiac index (CI), stroke volume (SV) and heart rate (HR) determined by a non-invasive continuous wave (CW) Doppler-based system (USCOM) in healthy adolescent and adult athletes during exercise treadmill testing. METHODS: Twenty ...
Endo Masako Yamaoka - - 2007
The mechanisms underlying the oxygen uptake (Vo(2)) slow component during supra-lactate threshold (supra-LT) exercise are poorly understood. Evidence suggests that the Vo(2) slow component may be caused by progressive muscle recruitment during exercise. We therefore examined whether leg muscle activation patterns [from the transverse relaxation time (T2) of magnetic resonance ...
Zavorsky G S - - 2007
This study evaluated the reproducibility of laboratory based 20-km time trials in well trained versus recreational cyclists. Eighteen cyclists (age = 34 +/- 8 yrs; body mass index = 23.1 +/- 2.2 kg/m (2); VO(2max) = 4.19 +/- 0.65 L/min) completed three 20-km time trials over a month on a ...
Guidetti L - - 2007
To investigate the exercise intensity during a typical grade five ballet lesson, thirty-nine dancers (13 - 16 yrs) were divided into three different technical proficiency groups: low level (n = 13), intermediate level (n = 14), and high level (n = 12). A progressively incremented treadmill test was administered to ...
Fitzsimons Claire - - 2007
The objectives of this study were to (1) evaluate the suitability of "comfortable" self-paced walking as a mode of exercise to study VO(2) kinetics, and (2) to investigate VO(2) kinetics after hip fracture using self-paced walking as the exercise mode. The study took place in a Scottish rehabilitation hospital physiotherapy ...
Grassi Bruno - - 2007
Patients with mitochondrial myopathies (MM) or myophosphorylase deficiency (McArdle's disease, McA) show impaired capacity for O(2) extraction, low maximal aerobic power, and reduced exercise tolerance. Non-invasive tools are needed to quantify the metabolic impairment. Six patients with MM, 6 with McA, 25 with symptoms of metabolic myopathy but negative biopsy ...
Burns Stephen F - - 2007
Ghrelin is a hormone that stimulates hunger. Intense exercise has been shown to temporarily suppress hunger after exercise. In the present study, we investigated whether post-exercise hunger suppression is mediated by reduced plasma total ghrelin concentrations. Nine men and nine women participated in the study. Their mean physical characteristics were ...
Zavorsky G S - - 2007
This review summarizes current literature on pulmonary oedema triggered by above-ground exercise in healthy humans from studies that use various imaging techniques to detect oedema. Eleven studies were identified, comprising of 137 subjects (mean age = 28 years). Eighty per cent (n = 110) were males, and 20% (n = ...
Navalta J W - - 2007
Because lymphocyte apoptosis is significantly elevated immediately following high-intensity exercise in humans, it seems intuitive that the cell death process must be initiated at some point during the task. This study was designed to determine whether exercise-induced lymphocyte apoptosis occurs at a threshold level of intensity, or exists only following ...
Leite Laura H R - - 2007
The effect of central angiotensin AT(1) receptor blockade on metabolic rate and running performance in rats during exercise on a treadmill (18 m x min(-1), 5% inclination) was investigated. Oxygen consumption (VO(2)) was measured, using the indirect calorimetry system, while the animals were exercising until fatigue after injection of 2 ...
Duong M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Inhibition of DNA polymerase gamma by nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) can cause mitochondrial dysfunction and cellular toxicity. Hyperlactataemia, which is a consequence of a shift in the metabolism of pyruvate, is an indicator of nucleoside-related mitochondrial toxicity. METHODS: We evaluated exercise and oxidative capacities as well as circulatory ...
Tjørhom A - - 2007
The use of inhaled beta2-agonists is restricted in sports. No benefit of inhaled formoterol upon performance was found in healthy athletes under normal climatic conditions, but it has not been investigated whether formoterol improves performance in athletes during exposure to cold. To investigate the effect of inhaled formoterol vs placebo ...
Duzli Yaniv - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To test whether pharmacologic angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition in carriers of the ACE DD or DI (D, deletion; I, insertion of 287 base pairs) genotypes can simulate the genetic advantage of the II genotype and thereby enhance the conditioning effects of aerobic exercise. DESIGN: Nonrandomized controlled trial. SETTING: Pulmonary ...
Nash Mark S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine effects of protein-carbohydrate intake on ambulation performance in persons with incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Double-blinded treatment with washout and placebo crossover. SETTING: Academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Three subjects aged 34 to 43 years with incomplete SCI at C5-T4. INTERVENTIONS: Subjects walked to fatigue on 5 ...
Barden Jeremy - - 2007
To further explore the limitations to maximal O(2) consumption (.VO(2 max)) in exercise-trained skeletal muscle, six cyclists performed graded knee-extensor exercise to maximum work rate (WR(max)) in hypoxia (12% O(2)), hyperoxia (100% O(2)), and hyperoxia + femoral arterial infusion of adenosine (ADO) at 80% WR(max). Arterial and venous blood sampling ...
Ratamess Nicholas A - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of different rest interval (RI) lengths on metabolic responses to the bench press. Eight resistance-trained men performed 10 randomized protocols [five sets of bench press with 75 or 85% of 1RM for ten (10REP) and five repetitions (5REP), respectively, using ...
Sláma K - - 2007
Respiratory metabolism of different developmental stages (larvae, pseudergates, nymphs, soldiers, neotenic reproductives; 0.6-4.5 mg body mass) of Prorhinotermes simplex was individually monitored by scanning respirographic method sensitive to subnanoliter amounts of O(2) consumption or CO(2) output per minute. Specimens exposed to dry air after removal from the colony performed enormously ...
Midgley Adrian W - - 2007
Although the concept of maximal oxygen uptake (V-dotO(2max)) was conceived as early as 1923, the criteria used to establish whether a true V-dotO(2max) has been attained have been heavily criticised. Consequently, an improvement in the methodology of the existing criteria, or development of new criteria, is required. In order to ...
Vercruyssen Max - - 2007
On separate days, 6 highly trained participants performed psychomotor tests while breathing for 60 min 3 carbon dioxide (CO(2)) mixtures (room air, 3% CO(2), or 4% CO(2)) prior to, between, and following two 15-min treadmill exercise bouts (70% VO(2)(max)). Each individual was extensively practiced (at least 4 days) before testing ...
Richter Melany M - - 2007
Patients suffering from dementia show altered functional brain activation patterns especially in prefrontal brain regions, as research suggests. The present study follows three aims: to replicate these findings, to investigate treatment effects when administering galantamine, and to put gender differences in focus. We compared 12 patients with dementia to 12 ...
Brisswalter Jeanick - - 2007
This study analyzed diurnal variations in oxygen (O(2)) uptake kinetics and efficiency during a moderate cycle ergometer exercise. Fourteen physically active diurnally active male subjects (age 23+/-5 yrs) not specifically trained at cycling first completed a test to determine their ventilatory threshold (T(vent)) and maximal oxygen consumption (VO(2max)); one week ...
Debray Parthasarathi - - 2007
The purpose of the study was to assess whether the point of deflection from linearity of heart rate (HRD) could be used as an alternative method to determine the ventilatory threshold (VT) in Indian (Bengali) boys that represents the determination of the anaerobic threshold (AT), and also to standardize an ...
- - 2007
Evidence-based recommendations on the clinical use of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) in lung and heart disease are presented, with reference to the assessment of exercise intolerance, prognostic assessment and the evaluation of therapeutic interventions (e.g. drugs, supplemental oxygen, exercise training). A commonly used grading system for recommendations in evidence-based guidelines ...
Trojnarska Olga - - 2007
Despite effective repair of coarctation of the aorta (CoAo), arterial hypertension (AH) and early coronary artery disease that may result in heart failure. The aim of the study was to evaluate exercise capacity by a cardiopulmonary exercise test in patients after of CoAo repair, and to determine relations between these ...
Björklund Glenn - - 2007
Several endurance sports, e.g. road cycling, have a varying intensity profile during competition. At present, few laboratory tests take this intensity profile into consideration. Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine the prognostic value of heart rate (HR), lactate (La(-1)), potassium (K(+)), and respiratory exchange ratio (RER) performance ...
ter Steege Rinze W F - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Gastrointestinal ischemia is always accompanied by an increased luminal CO(2). Currently, air tonometry is used to measure luminal CO(2). To improve the response time a new sensor was developed, enabling continuous CO(2) measurement. It consists of a pH-sensitive hydrogel which swells and shrinks in response to luminal CO(2), which ...
Talanian Jason L - - 2007
Our aim was to examine the effects of seven high-intensity aerobic interval training (HIIT) sessions over 2 wk on skeletal muscle fuel content, mitochondrial enzyme activities, fatty acid transport proteins, peak O(2) consumption (Vo(2 peak)), and whole body metabolic, hormonal, and cardiovascular responses to exercise. Eight women (22.1 +/- 0.2 ...
Kullo Iftikhar J - - 2007
We investigated whether markers of inflammation, including a cytokine (IL-6), acute-phase reactants [C-reactive protein (CRP) and fibrinogen], and white blood cell (WBC) count are associated with maximal O(2) consumption (Vo(2 max)) in men without coronary heart disease (CHD). In asymptomatic men (n = 172, 51 +/- 9.3 yr old), Vo(2 ...
Perry Christopher G R - - 2007
Inspiring a hyperoxic (H) gas permits subjects to exercise at higher power outputs while training, but there is controversy as to whether this improves skeletal muscle oxidative capacity, maximal O(2) consumption (Vo(2 max)), and endurance performance to a greater extent than training in normoxia (N). To determine whether the higher ...
Guidetti Laura - - 2007
To evaluate the effect of warm up on energy cost and energy sources of a ballet dance exercise, 12 adolescent talented female dancers performed a ballet exercise (30 s of tours piqués en dedans on pointe) without and following a warm up. Warm up consisted in a light running followed ...
Rossi Andrea - - 2007
Left atrial volume (LAV) is a powerful predictor of outcome in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) independently of symptomatic status, age and left ventricular (LV) function. It is unknown whether LAV provides independent and incremental information compared with exercise tolerance parameters. 273 patients with CHF (mean (SD) 62 (9) ...
Fu Shi-Jian - - 2007
The impact of feeding (fed to satiation, 13.85% body mass) on excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC, chasing for 2.5 min) was investigated in juvenile southern catfish (Silurus meridionalis Chen) (38.62-57.55 g) at 25. Cutlets of freshly killed loach species without viscera, head and tail were used as the test meal, ...
Chin Takaaki - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the physical fitness and prosthetic ambulation ability of high-level (hip disarticulation, transfemoral) lower-limb amputees aged 60 and above, and to investigate the level of fitness required for successful prosthetic ambulation. DESIGN: The test subjects were 49 amputees aged 60 and above. Subjects were permitted to use any ...
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