Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1202
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Nagayama Osamu - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Although it is assumed that cerebral oxygenation during exercise is influenced by both cardiopulmonary function and cerebrovascular arteriosclerosis, the latter factor has not been fully clarified. In the present study the relationship between the degree of cerebrovascular arteriosclerosis and cerebral oxygenation during exercise was investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS: A ...
Wyon Matthew A - - 2007
This study examined the cardiorespiratory and anthropometric indices of professional classical ballet dancers in relation to company seniority, gender, and supplemental training. Forty-nine participants from an international touring company carried out a peak Vo(2) test and vertical jump test. Anthropometric measurements and supplemental training activities were also recorded for each ...
Faude Oliver - - 2007
The present study aimed at examining the physiological characteristics and metabolic demands of badminton single match play. Twelve internationally ranked badminton players (eight women and four men) performed an incremental treadmill test [VO(2peak = )50.3 +/- 4.1 ml min(-1) kg(-1) (women) and 61.8 +/- 5.9 ml min(-1) kg(-1) (men), respectively]. ...
Knobloch Karsten - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship of breath-by-breath oxygen uptake (VO(2)) and CO, cardiac index (CI), stroke volume (SV) and heart rate (HR) determined by a non-invasive continuous wave (CW) Doppler-based system (USCOM) in healthy adolescent and adult athletes during exercise treadmill testing. METHODS: Twenty ...
Endo Masako Yamaoka - - 2007
The mechanisms underlying the oxygen uptake (Vo(2)) slow component during supra-lactate threshold (supra-LT) exercise are poorly understood. Evidence suggests that the Vo(2) slow component may be caused by progressive muscle recruitment during exercise. We therefore examined whether leg muscle activation patterns [from the transverse relaxation time (T2) of magnetic resonance ...
Zavorsky G S - - 2007
This study evaluated the reproducibility of laboratory based 20-km time trials in well trained versus recreational cyclists. Eighteen cyclists (age = 34 +/- 8 yrs; body mass index = 23.1 +/- 2.2 kg/m (2); VO(2max) = 4.19 +/- 0.65 L/min) completed three 20-km time trials over a month on a ...
Guidetti L - - 2007
To investigate the exercise intensity during a typical grade five ballet lesson, thirty-nine dancers (13 - 16 yrs) were divided into three different technical proficiency groups: low level (n = 13), intermediate level (n = 14), and high level (n = 12). A progressively incremented treadmill test was administered to ...
Fitzsimons Claire - - 2007
The objectives of this study were to (1) evaluate the suitability of "comfortable" self-paced walking as a mode of exercise to study VO(2) kinetics, and (2) to investigate VO(2) kinetics after hip fracture using self-paced walking as the exercise mode. The study took place in a Scottish rehabilitation hospital physiotherapy ...
Grassi Bruno - - 2007
Patients with mitochondrial myopathies (MM) or myophosphorylase deficiency (McArdle's disease, McA) show impaired capacity for O(2) extraction, low maximal aerobic power, and reduced exercise tolerance. Non-invasive tools are needed to quantify the metabolic impairment. Six patients with MM, 6 with McA, 25 with symptoms of metabolic myopathy but negative biopsy ...
Burns Stephen F - - 2007
Ghrelin is a hormone that stimulates hunger. Intense exercise has been shown to temporarily suppress hunger after exercise. In the present study, we investigated whether post-exercise hunger suppression is mediated by reduced plasma total ghrelin concentrations. Nine men and nine women participated in the study. Their mean physical characteristics were ...
Zavorsky G S - - 2007
This review summarizes current literature on pulmonary oedema triggered by above-ground exercise in healthy humans from studies that use various imaging techniques to detect oedema. Eleven studies were identified, comprising of 137 subjects (mean age = 28 years). Eighty per cent (n = 110) were males, and 20% (n = ...
Navalta J W - - 2007
Because lymphocyte apoptosis is significantly elevated immediately following high-intensity exercise in humans, it seems intuitive that the cell death process must be initiated at some point during the task. This study was designed to determine whether exercise-induced lymphocyte apoptosis occurs at a threshold level of intensity, or exists only following ...
Leite Laura H R - - 2007
The effect of central angiotensin AT(1) receptor blockade on metabolic rate and running performance in rats during exercise on a treadmill (18 m x min(-1), 5% inclination) was investigated. Oxygen consumption (VO(2)) was measured, using the indirect calorimetry system, while the animals were exercising until fatigue after injection of 2 ...
Duong M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Inhibition of DNA polymerase gamma by nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) can cause mitochondrial dysfunction and cellular toxicity. Hyperlactataemia, which is a consequence of a shift in the metabolism of pyruvate, is an indicator of nucleoside-related mitochondrial toxicity. METHODS: We evaluated exercise and oxidative capacities as well as circulatory ...
Tjørhom A - - 2007
The use of inhaled beta2-agonists is restricted in sports. No benefit of inhaled formoterol upon performance was found in healthy athletes under normal climatic conditions, but it has not been investigated whether formoterol improves performance in athletes during exposure to cold. To investigate the effect of inhaled formoterol vs placebo ...
Duzli Yaniv - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To test whether pharmacologic angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition in carriers of the ACE DD or DI (D, deletion; I, insertion of 287 base pairs) genotypes can simulate the genetic advantage of the II genotype and thereby enhance the conditioning effects of aerobic exercise. DESIGN: Nonrandomized controlled trial. SETTING: Pulmonary ...
Nash Mark S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine effects of protein-carbohydrate intake on ambulation performance in persons with incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Double-blinded treatment with washout and placebo crossover. SETTING: Academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Three subjects aged 34 to 43 years with incomplete SCI at C5-T4. INTERVENTIONS: Subjects walked to fatigue on 5 ...
Barden Jeremy - - 2007
To further explore the limitations to maximal O(2) consumption (.VO(2 max)) in exercise-trained skeletal muscle, six cyclists performed graded knee-extensor exercise to maximum work rate (WR(max)) in hypoxia (12% O(2)), hyperoxia (100% O(2)), and hyperoxia + femoral arterial infusion of adenosine (ADO) at 80% WR(max). Arterial and venous blood sampling ...
Ratamess Nicholas A - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of different rest interval (RI) lengths on metabolic responses to the bench press. Eight resistance-trained men performed 10 randomized protocols [five sets of bench press with 75 or 85% of 1RM for ten (10REP) and five repetitions (5REP), respectively, using ...
Sláma K - - 2007
Respiratory metabolism of different developmental stages (larvae, pseudergates, nymphs, soldiers, neotenic reproductives; 0.6-4.5 mg body mass) of Prorhinotermes simplex was individually monitored by scanning respirographic method sensitive to subnanoliter amounts of O(2) consumption or CO(2) output per minute. Specimens exposed to dry air after removal from the colony performed enormously ...
Midgley Adrian W - - 2007
Although the concept of maximal oxygen uptake (V-dotO(2max)) was conceived as early as 1923, the criteria used to establish whether a true V-dotO(2max) has been attained have been heavily criticised. Consequently, an improvement in the methodology of the existing criteria, or development of new criteria, is required. In order to ...
Vercruyssen Max - - 2007
On separate days, 6 highly trained participants performed psychomotor tests while breathing for 60 min 3 carbon dioxide (CO(2)) mixtures (room air, 3% CO(2), or 4% CO(2)) prior to, between, and following two 15-min treadmill exercise bouts (70% VO(2)(max)). Each individual was extensively practiced (at least 4 days) before testing ...
Richter Melany M - - 2007
Patients suffering from dementia show altered functional brain activation patterns especially in prefrontal brain regions, as research suggests. The present study follows three aims: to replicate these findings, to investigate treatment effects when administering galantamine, and to put gender differences in focus. We compared 12 patients with dementia to 12 ...
Brisswalter Jeanick - - 2007
This study analyzed diurnal variations in oxygen (O(2)) uptake kinetics and efficiency during a moderate cycle ergometer exercise. Fourteen physically active diurnally active male subjects (age 23+/-5 yrs) not specifically trained at cycling first completed a test to determine their ventilatory threshold (T(vent)) and maximal oxygen consumption (VO(2max)); one week ...
Debray Parthasarathi - - 2007
The purpose of the study was to assess whether the point of deflection from linearity of heart rate (HRD) could be used as an alternative method to determine the ventilatory threshold (VT) in Indian (Bengali) boys that represents the determination of the anaerobic threshold (AT), and also to standardize an ...
Trojnarska Olga - - 2007
Background: Despite effective repair of coarctation of the aorta (CoAo), arterial hypertension (AH) and early coronary artery disease that may result in heart failure. The aim of the study was to evaluate exercise capacity by a cardiopulmonary exercise test in patients after of CoAo repair, and to determine relations between ...
- - 2007
Evidence-based recommendations on the clinical use of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) in lung and heart disease are presented, with reference to the assessment of exercise intolerance, prognostic assessment and the evaluation of therapeutic interventions (e.g. drugs, supplemental oxygen, exercise training). A commonly used grading system for recommendations in evidence-based guidelines ...
Björklund Glenn - - 2007
Several endurance sports, e.g. road cycling, have a varying intensity profile during competition. At present, few laboratory tests take this intensity profile into consideration. Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine the prognostic value of heart rate (HR), lactate (La(-1)), potassium (K(+)), and respiratory exchange ratio (RER) performance ...
ter Steege Rinze W F - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Gastrointestinal ischemia is always accompanied by an increased luminal CO(2). Currently, air tonometry is used to measure luminal CO(2). To improve the response time a new sensor was developed, enabling continuous CO(2) measurement. It consists of a pH-sensitive hydrogel which swells and shrinks in response to luminal CO(2), which ...
Talanian Jason L - - 2007
Our aim was to examine the effects of seven high-intensity aerobic interval training (HIIT) sessions over 2 wk on skeletal muscle fuel content, mitochondrial enzyme activities, fatty acid transport proteins, peak O(2) consumption (Vo(2 peak)), and whole body metabolic, hormonal, and cardiovascular responses to exercise. Eight women (22.1 +/- 0.2 ...
Kullo Iftikhar J - - 2007
We investigated whether markers of inflammation, including a cytokine (IL-6), acute-phase reactants [C-reactive protein (CRP) and fibrinogen], and white blood cell (WBC) count are associated with maximal O(2) consumption (Vo(2 max)) in men without coronary heart disease (CHD). In asymptomatic men (n = 172, 51 +/- 9.3 yr old), Vo(2 ...
Perry Christopher G R - - 2007
Inspiring a hyperoxic (H) gas permits subjects to exercise at higher power outputs while training, but there is controversy as to whether this improves skeletal muscle oxidative capacity, maximal O(2) consumption (Vo(2 max)), and endurance performance to a greater extent than training in normoxia (N). To determine whether the higher ...
Guidetti Laura - - 2007
To evaluate the effect of warm up on energy cost and energy sources of a ballet dance exercise, 12 adolescent talented female dancers performed a ballet exercise (30 s of tours piqués en dedans on pointe) without and following a warm up. Warm up consisted in a light running followed ...
Rossi Andrea - - 2007
Left atrial volume (LAV) is a powerful predictor of outcome in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) independently of symptomatic status, age and left ventricular (LV) function. It is unknown whether LAV provides independent and incremental information compared with exercise tolerance parameters. 273 patients with CHF (mean (SD) 62 (9) ...
Fu Shi-Jian - - 2007
The impact of feeding (fed to satiation, 13.85% body mass) on excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC, chasing for 2.5 min) was investigated in juvenile southern catfish (Silurus meridionalis Chen) (38.62-57.55 g) at 25. Cutlets of freshly killed loach species without viscera, head and tail were used as the test meal, ...
Chin Takaaki - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the physical fitness and prosthetic ambulation ability of high-level (hip disarticulation, transfemoral) lower-limb amputees aged 60 and above, and to investigate the level of fitness required for successful prosthetic ambulation. DESIGN: The test subjects were 49 amputees aged 60 and above. Subjects were permitted to use any ...
Jones Lee W - - 2007
PURPOSE: The use of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is increasing in many areas of disease management, the clinical utility of this procedure in patients with advanced cancer remains to be determined. Accordingly, we conducted a pilot study to comprehensively evaluate the safety and feasibility of CPET in 85 patients diagnosed ...
Macias B R - - 2007
Lower body negative pressure (LBNP) treadmill exercise can generate a hypergravity load on the lower body that may improve athlete performance by mechanical and cardiovascular adaptations. This study compared the cardiovascular responses, subjective exertion and discomfort levels produced by LBNP exercise with those generated by a weighted vest (WV). We ...
Ziegeler Stephan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Impedance Cardiography (ICG) has been shown to be a feasible and accurate method for non-invasive measurement of cardiac index (CI). Aim of this investigation was the correlation of hemodynamic variables under exercise as measured by a specific ICG-monitor (Solar IKG-Modul, Version 3.0, GE-Healthcare, Freiburg, Germany) with metabolic variables. METHODS: ...
Salukhe T V - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Cardiac resynchronisation therapy improves peak oxygen uptake (peak VO(2)) 3-9 months after device implantation. In chronic heart failure, total isovolumic time (t-IVT) is a major determinant of peak VO(2) and of cardiac output at peak dobutamine stress. In selected patients, resynchronisation can instantaneously shorten t-IVT. We sought to determine ...
Reinsma G D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: After lung transplantation (LTx) exercise capacity frequently remains limited, despite significantly improved pulmonary function. The aim of this study was to evaluate maximal exercise capacity and peripheral muscle force before and 1 year after LTx, and to determine whether peripheral muscle force and lactate threshold (LT) limit exercise capacity ...
Gosztyla Amy E - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal 1.63-km (1-mile) pacing strategy for 5-km running performance in moderately trained women distance runners. Eleven women distance runners (20.7 +/- 0.8 years, 163.8 +/- 2.0 cm, 57.0 +/- 2.2 kg, 51.7 +/- 1.0 ml.kg(-1).min(-1), 18.9 +/- 0.8% fat, 78.1 +/- ...
Saunders Philo U - - 2006
Fifteen highly trained distance runners VO(2)max 71.1 +/- 6.0 ml.min(-1).kg(-1), mean +/- SD) were randomly assigned to a plyometric training (PLY; n = 7) or control (CON; n = 8) group. In addition to their normal training, the PLY group undertook 3 x 30 minutes PLY sessions per week for ...
Bard Robert L - - 2006
PURPOSE: Cardiopulmonary exercise testing is a common prognostic tool in heart failure, yet it is not standardized. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a means of standardizing oxygen consumption (VO(2)) measurement and to evaluate the ability to predict peak VO(2) from submaximal exercise. METHODS: Fifty consecutive exercise tests ...
Koike Akira - - 2006
Central sleep apnea (CSA) is thought to arise as a consequence of chronic heart failure. We have attempted to determine the relationship between the severity of CSA and the respiratory gas indexes during cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX), indexes well-known to reflect the severity of heart failure. Twenty consecutive cardiac patients ...
Glaister Mark - - 2006
The aims of this study were to examine (a) the relationship between maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2)max) and several performance indices of multiple sprint cycling; (b) the relationship between maximal accumulated oxygen deficit (MAOD) and those same performance indices; and (c) the influence of recovery duration on the magnitude of those ...
Jemni Monèm - - 2006
Aerobic and anaerobic performance of the upper body (UB) and lower body (LB) were assessed by arm cranking and treadmill tests respectively in a comparison of national (N) and international (I) male gymnasts. Force velocity and Wingate tests were performed using cycle ergometers for both arms and legs. In spite ...
Grassi B - - 2006
VO(2) kinetics and O(2) deficit are important determinants of exercise tolerance. In "normal" conditions convective and diffusive O(2) delivery to skeletal muscle fibers do not represent important determinants of VO(2) kinetics, whose limiting factors seem mainly located within muscle fibers. Whereas a limiting role by PDH has not been confirmed, ...
Gonzales Joaquin U - - 2008
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that prior heavy exercise results in a higher oxygen cost during a subsequent bout of moderate exercise due to changes in muscle activity. Eight male subjects (25+/-2 yr, +/-SE) performed moderate-moderate and moderate-heavy-moderate transitions in work rate (cycling intensity, moderate=90% ...
Ansley L - - 2007
The role of the perception of breathing effort in the regulation of performance of maximal exercise remains unclear. To determine whether the perceived effort of ventilation is altered through substituting a less dense gas for normal ambient air and whether this substitution affects performance of maximal incremental exercise in trained ...
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