Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1219
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Loeppky Jack A - - 2008
This study estimated changes in whole body oxygen stores (O(2)s) and carbon dioxide stores (CO(2)s) during steady state exercise with leg ischemia induced by leg cuff inflation. Six physically fit subjects performed 75 W steady state exercise for 15 min on a cycle ergometer. After 5 min of exercise, cuffs ...
Undavia Manish - - 2008
A case of successful laser extraction of a defibrillator lead with baffle stenting in a 15-year-old boy with dextrocardia, L-transposition, ventricular septal defect, and pulmonic stenosis status-post Senning/Rastelli repair is presented. Six-month follow-up revealed a significant increase in exercise tolerance and maximum oxygen consumption (VO(2)max).
Sahlberg Margareta - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The optimal training mode for cystic fibrosis (CF) patients has not been defined. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate cardiopulmonary function before and after endurance (ET) or resistance training (RT) for 6 months. METHODS: Twenty physically active adult patients (8 females) with classic CF were enrolled for ET or ...
Shaw Brandon S BS Tshwane University of - - 2008
With regards to obesity-related disease the impact of exercise training on health depends on the ability of exercise to promote a negative energy balance. Exercise's effect on promoting a negative energy balance is more likely to occur if exercise can induce a favourable dietary intake such as a reduced relative ...
da Silva Alberto Inácio AI Physical Education Department, State University of Ponta Grossa , UEPG, Paraná, - - 2008
The aim of this study was to determine the caloric expenditure and the intensity of physical activities performed by official soccer referees during a match expressed in Metabolic Equivalent (METs). The physical activity of referees accredited by CBF (Brazilian Confederation of Soccer) was video-recorded during twenty-nine official games of Paraná ...
Villerius V - - 2008
Responses of twelve competitive cyclists performing an interval training session, consisting of three successive 10-min self-paced exercise bouts separated by two 15-min active recovery periods, were studied. Power output (PO), heart rate, pedaling cadence, ventilatory variables, overall ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) and electromyographic (EMG) activity of the vastus lateralis, ...
Stephens Samantha - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the reliability of formal exercise testing and the reliability of functional and activity questionnaires in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). METHODS: Children with JIA of any subtype ages 8-16 years who were recruited to a randomized trial comparing different exercise therapies participated in 2 preintervention sessions ...
Jones A M - - 2008
Seven male subjects completed cycle exercise bouts to the limit of tolerance on three occasions: (1) at a constant work rate (340+/-57 W; even-pace strategy; ES); (2) at a work rate that was initially 10% lower than that in the ES trial but which then increased with time such that ...
Green H J - - 2008
In this study, we have investigated the hypothesis that an exercise protocol designed to repeatedly induce a large dependence on carbohydrate and large increases in glycolytic flux rate would result in rapid increases in the principal glucose and lactate transporters in working muscle, glucose transporter (GLUT)-4 and monocarboxylate transporter (MCT)4, ...
Wu Yen-Wen - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to clarify the influence of cardiac diastolic and peripheral vascular function on the exercise capacity of patients with coronary bypass surgery (CABG) and diabetes mellitus (DM) by tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and flow-mediated vasodilatation (FMD), and to investigate interrelations between exercise capacity and ...
Berg K - - 2007
AIM: Many sports are played intermittently in bursts of high, moderate, and low intensity activity. The pattern of exercise intensity has been assessed from heart rate (HR) and time motion analysis and few data are available based on assessment of exercise intensity by means of direct measurement of oxygen uptake. ...
Numao Shigeharu S Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Japan. Electronic - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to investigate differences in fat metabolism between visceral fat obese (VF-Ob) and abdominal subcutaneous obese (SF-Ob) men during "high-intensity endurance exercise". Fourteen obese (body mass index >25 kg/m(2)) men were classified into two groups according to visceral fat area using computed tomography; i.e., VF-Ob ...
Thistlethwaite John R - - 2008
This study examined the magnitude of the oxygen uptake slow component (VO(2) SC) during heavy exercise when preceded by heavy knee extension (KE) exercise. Nine males (26.6 +/- 1.7 years, +/-SE) performed repeated bouts of heavy exercise, each lasting 6 min with 6 min of recovery. Cycling-cycling trials (CYC(1), CYC(2)) ...
Ring-Dimitriou Susanne - - 2008
One of the goals of exercise prescription is the use of easily understandable physical activities to improve physical fitness. Lack of study designs investigating self-administered programs utilizing exercise telemetry monitors (ETM) compared to a no exercise telemetry monitors (NETM) guided exercise programs exist. The aim of the study was to ...
Arena Ross - - 2008
A hallmark symptom of heart failure (HF) is exercise intolerance, typically evidenced by excessive shortness of breath, and/or fatigue with exertion. In recent years, the physiologic response to progressive exercise using direct measures of ventilation and gas exchange, commonly termed the cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPX), has evolved into an important ...
de Oliveira N C - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the exercise capacity of women with systemic sclerosis (SSc) without pulmonary involvement using a cardiopulmonary stress test. METHODS: Thirteen consecutive female SSc patients [mean age 40.8+/-14 years, mean body mass index (BMI) 25.5+/-3.7 kg/m2] without pulmonary and cardiac involvement and 13 healthy sedentary female controls (mean age ...
Lyons S - - 2007
AIM: This study assessed excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) following continuous 200- kcal bouts of upper body exercise (UBE) and lower body exercise (LBE). METHODS: Ten untrained men (age: 25.7 +/- 5.83 years; arm VO(2peak): 2.2 +/- 0.25 l/min; 21.5 +/- 4.35 ml/kg/min; leg VO(2peak): 3.1 +/- 0.38 l/min; 30.7 ...
Maeder Micha Tobias - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: In patients with heart failure (HF), peak oxygen consumption (peak VO(2)), the relationship between minute ventilation and carbon dioxide production (VE/VCO(2) slope) and heart rate recovery (HRR) are established prognostic predictors. However, treadmill exercise has been shown to elicit higher peak VO(2) values than bicycle exercise. We sought to ...
Bridgewater Franklin H G - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: St. John Ambulance Australia has used the performance of CPR for 10 min as a fitness test for its members. Recent changes in international guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation caused concern that the new ILCOR protocol was more strenuous than the previous one. This study compared the two protocols to ...
Hilberg Thomas - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Strenuous and exhaustive exercise intensifies platelet activity as shown in the literature but effects of moderate exercise are still in discussion. The present study investigated effects of two different standardised exercise intensities controlled by individual anaerobic threshold (IAT) on platelet function and conjugate formation. METHODS: 20 healthy male non-smokers ...
Layec Gwenael - - 2008
Electromyostimulation (EMS) is commonly used as part of training programs. However, the exact effects at the muscle level are largely unknown and it has been recently hypothesized that the beneficial effect of EMS could be mediated by an improved muscle perfusion. In the present study, we investigated rates of changes ...
Thompson Angela M - - 2008
The INFLAME study is designed to determine the effect of exercise training on elevated high-sensitivity C-Reactive Protein (CRP) concentrations in initially sedentary women and men. INFLAME will recruit 170 healthy, sedentary women and men with elevated CRP (>or=2.0 mg/L) to be randomized to either an exercise group or non-exercise control ...
McKay William P S - - 2007
A number of mechanisms have been proposed to explain the elevation in oxygen consumption following exercise. Biochemical processes that return muscle to its pre-exercise state do not account for all of the extra oxygen consumed after exercise (excess post-exercise oxygen consumption, EPOC). Muscle at rest after aerobic exercise produces mechanomyographic ...
Jordanoglou J - - 2007
AIMS: The classical equations for measuring the mean and the ideal alveolar O(2) tension are based on assumptions, which are shown to be invalid. So we thought to develop a new, non-invasive method for measuring the mean alveolar P,O(2) within the volume domain (PA,O(2(Bohr))). This method is based on the ...
Joyner Michael J - - 2008
Efforts to understand human physiology through the study of champion athletes and record performances have been ongoing for about a century. For endurance sports three main factors--maximal oxygen consumption (.VO(2,max)), the so-called 'lactate threshold' and efficiency (i.e. the oxygen cost to generate a given running speed or cycling power output)--appear ...
Foster Carl - - 2007
The concept of VO(2)max has been a defining paradigm in exercise physiology for >75 years. Within the last decade, this concept has been both challenged and defended. The purpose of this study was to test the concept of VO(2)max by comparing VO(2) during a second exercise bout following a preliminary ...
Crisafulli Antonio - - 2007
This investigation aimed at verifying whether it was possible to reliably assess stroke volume (SV) during exercise from oxygen pulse (OP) and from a model of arterio-venous oxygen difference (a-vO(2)D) estimation. The model was tested in 15 amateur male cyclists performing an exercise test on a cycle-ergometer consisting of a ...
Ferreira Leonardo F - - 2007
Utilization of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in clinical exercise testing to detect microvascular abnormalities requires characterization of the responses in healthy individuals and theoretical foundation for data interpretation. We examined the profile of the deoxygenated hemoglobin signal from NIRS {deoxygenated hemoglobin + myoglobin [deoxy-(Hb+Mb)] approximately O(2) extraction} during ramp exercise to ...
Giallauria Francesco - - 2008
Heart rate recovery (HRR) is a measure derived from exercise test, defined as the fall in heart rate during the first minute after maximal exercise. Abnormal HRR is a measure of autonomic dysfunction associated with an increased mortality. This study was performed to evaluate the HRR in polycystic ovary syndrome ...
Pillard Fabien - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to compare the effect of different exercise intensities on lipid oxidation in overweight men and women. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Nine young, healthy, overweight men and women were studied (age, 31.4 +/- 2.3 and 26.7 +/- 2.1 years; BMI, 27.9 +/- 0.4 and 27.2 +/- 0.5; ...
Moro Cédric - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To explore sex differences in the regulation of lipolysis during exercise, the lipid-mobilizing mechanisms in the subcutaneous adipose tissue (SCAT) of overweight men and women were studied using microdialysis. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Subjects matched for age, BMI, and physical fitness performed two 30-minute exercise bouts in a randomized ...
Koike Akira - - 2007
BACKGROUND: It has been recently reported that cerebral oxyhemoglobin (O(2)Hb) decreases during exercise in nearly 50% of patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. The present study evaluated whether the inhalation of supplemental O(2) diminishes the decrease in cerebral O(2)Hb during exercise. METHODS AND RESULTS: Ten patients with a left ventricular ejection fraction ...
Jendzjowsky Nicholas G - - 2007
We examined peak and reserve cardiovascular function and skeletal muscle oxygenation during unilateral knee extension (ULKE) exercise in five heart transplant recipients (HTR, mean +/- SE; age: 53 +/- 3 years; years posttransplant: 6 +/- 4) and five age- and body mass-matched healthy controls (CON). Pulmonary oxygen uptake (Vo(2)(p)), heart ...
Baulig Werner - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to validate the V-Sign digital sensor (SenTec AG, Therweil, Switzerland) for combined noninvasive assessment of pulse oxymetric oxygen saturation (SpO(2)) and transcutaneous carbon dioxide tension (PtcCO(2)) in adults after cardiac surgery. METHODS: In twenty one patients, aged 51-86 years, simultaneous measurements of blood ...
Henderson Gregory C - - 2007
The effects of exercise on energy substrate metabolism persist into the postexercise recovery period. We sought to derive bicarbonate retention factors (k) to correct for carbon tracer oxidized, but retained from pulmonary excretion before, during, and after exercise. Ten men and nine women received a primed-continuous infusion of [(13)C]bicarbonate (sodium ...
Rubio J C - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to assess if there exists an association between C34T muscle adenosine monophosphate deaminase ( AMPD1) genotypes (i.e., normal homyzygotes [CC] vs. heterozygotes [ CT]) and directly measured indices of exercise capacity (peak oxygen uptake [VO(2peak)], ventilatory threshold [VT], gross mechanical efficiency [GE], etc.) in ...
Rodríguez Ferran A - - 2007
This double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial examined the effects of 4 wk of resting exposure to intermittent hypobaric hypoxia (IHE, 3 h/day, 5 days/wk at 4,000-5,500 m) or normoxia combined with training at sea level on performance and maximal oxygen transport in athletes. Twenty-three trained swimmers and runners completed duplicate baseline ...
Ogoh Shigehiko - - 2007
We sought to investigate arterial baroreflex (ABR) control of muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) in the transition from rest to steady-state dynamic exercise. This was accomplished by assessing the relationship between spontaneous variations in diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and MSNA at rest and during the time course of reaching steady-state ...
Leandro Carol Góis - - 2007
Moderate physical training is often associated with improved cardiorespiratory fitness in athletes and the general population. In animals, studies are designed to investigate basic physiology that could be invasive and uncomfortable for humans. The standardization of an exercise training protocol for rats based on maximal consumption of oxygen (VO(2)max) is ...
Owen Geoffrey R - - 2007
The aim of this study was to establish a novel method to predict the human ocular penetration and distribution of topical antibiotics by using a controlled rabbit model that mimics the human eye with manual blinking and tear flow. After anesthetizing the rabbits, a single dose of commercial antibiotic formulations ...
Berning Joseph M - - 2007
Junkyard training involves heavy, cumbersome implements and nontraditional movement patterns for unique training of athletes. This study assessed the metabolic demands of pushing and pulling a 1,960-kg motor vehicle (MV) 400 m in an all-out maximal effort. Six male, strength-trained athletes (29 +/- 5 years; 89 +/- 12 kg) completed ...
Jones Lee W - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To determine the effects of preoperative exercise training on cardiorespiratory fitness in patients undergoing thoracic surgery for malignant lung lesions. METHODS: Using a single-group design, 25 patients with suspected operable lung cancer were provided with structured exercise training until surgical resection. Exercise training consisted of 5 endurance cycle ergometry ...
Carey Daniel G - - 2007
The primary objective of this study was to assess the relationship between aerobic capacity, as measured by the VO(2)max test, and recovery from high-intensity intermittent exercise. Eleven female collegiate hockey players agreed to participate. Subjects skated 5 1-lap intervals around the hockey rink at maximal intensity with a 30-second recovery ...
Hitchcock Kristen M - - 2007
Energy cost is a major factor influencing the tolerable thermal load, particularly during exercise in the heat. However, no data exist on the metabolic cost of football practice, although a value of 35% of maximal aerobic capacity (VO(2)max) has been estimated. The energy cost and thermoregulatory response of offensive linemen ...
Girard Olivier - - 2007
The aim of this study was to describe the game characteristics and energy requirement in elite squash. Seven players (ranked 1-25 in their national federation, including the world number 1) performed a squash-specific incremental test to volitional exhaustion and 3 squash games simulating competition. Pulmonary gas exchanges, heart rate (HR), ...
Bernardi Marco - - 2007
The aim of this study was to assess the physiological profile of America's Cup grinders and mastmen, by measuring energy expenditure during sailing and assessing their aerobic and anaerobic fitness. The study focused on estimating the energy used during grinding activity, by measuring oxygen uptake (VO(2)) during sail setting in ...
Ogawa Takeshi - - 2007
This study tested the hypothesis that the extent of the decrement in (.)Vo(2max) and the respiratory response seen during maximal exercise in moderate hypobaric hypoxia (H; simulated 2,500 m) is affected by the hypoxia ventilatory and hypercapnia ventilatory responses (HVR and HCVR, respectively). Twenty men (5 untrained subjects, 7 long ...
Larsen F J - - 2007
AIM: Nitric oxide (NO), synthesized from l-arginine by NO synthases, plays a role in adaptation to physical exercise by modulating blood flow, muscular contraction and glucose uptake and in the control of cellular respiration. Recent studies show that NO can be formed in vivo also from the reduction of inorganic ...
Gómez-Gallego F - - 2008
BACKGROUND: McArdle disease is an uncommon metabolic disorder usually characterized by marked exercise intolerance although great individual variability exists in its phenotypic manifestation. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the association between angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) genotypes and indices of exercise capacity (peak oxygen uptake (VO(2)peak), ventilatory threshold ...
Kang Jie - - 2007
This study was conducted to assess fat utilization across different exercise intensities and between males and females. Eleven males and 11 females completed a maximal test and four submaximal trials at 40%, 50%, 60%, and 70% VO(2) peak. The VO(2) peak and ventilatory threshold (VT) were assessed during the maximal ...
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