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Results 501 - 550 of 1202
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Ababneh Zaid Q - - 2008
PURPOSE: To assess the transverse relaxation time T(2) and diffusion coefficient D before and following exercise in the tibialis anterior muscle and determine whether T(2) and D values were correlated. METHODS: Measurements of T(2) and D were performed at 3 T within axial slices through the calf muscles of six ...
Inbar Omri - - 2008
The purpose was to study the effect of endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy (ETS) for palmar and/or axillary hyperhidrosis on physiological responses at rest, and during sub-maximal and maximal exercise in ten healthy patients (7 females and 3 males 18-40 years old) with idiopathic palmar and/or axillary hyperhidrosis. T2-T3 thoracoscopic sympathectomy was ...
Giardini Alessandro - - 2008
AIMS: We sought to assess the effects of sildenafil on exercise capacity and haemodynamic response to exercise in Fontan patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We prospectively studied 27 patients with Fontan circulation (age 22.8 +/- 4.9 years). All patients underwent a baseline exercise test with non-invasive measurement of cardiac index (CI) ...
Sørensen J B - - 2008
The aim of this study was to compare short- (0-4 months) and long-term (0-10 months) effects of high-intensive Exercise on Prescription (EoP) intervention (counseling and supervised exercise) implemented in primary healthcare in a number of Danish counties with a low-intensive intervention (counseling) using maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2max)) as the primary ...
Conti A - - 2008
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess maximal cardiac and metabolic demand imposed by in place shallow water running (SWR) and to compare such responses with those obtained during treadmill running (TMR). METHODS: Twelve males, 6 trained (T) pentathletes (age: 19+/-1 years) and 6 untrained (UT) controls (age: ...
Segerström Asa B - - 2008
The primary aim of this study was to compare the maximal oxygen uptake as evaluated from a submaximal exercise test (EVO2peak) to direct measurements of VO2peak during a maximal exercise test as means of monitoring the aerobic endurance capacity in women with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Twenty-seven women with T2D ...
Merson Stuart J - - 2008
To investigate how differing moderate sodium chloride concentrations affect rehydration after exercise and subsequent exercise capacity, eight males lost 1.98 +/- 0.1% body mass exercising in the heat, then consumed one of four drinks in a volume equivalent to 150% of mass loss. Drinks were identical except for sodium chloride ...
Neumann J-O - - 2008
To assess the use of hyperventilation and the adherence to Brain Trauma Foundation-Guidelines (BTF-G) after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Twenty-two European centers are participating in the BrainIT initiative. Retrospective analysis of monitoring data. One hundred and fifty-one patients with a known time of trauma and at least one recorded arterial ...
Tahara Yasuaki - - 2008
The relationship between fat-free mass (FFM) and excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) has not been well researched because of the relatively small number of subjects studied. This study investigated the effects of FFM on EPOC and EPOC/maximum oxygen consumption. 250 Japanese male athletes between 16 and 21 years old from ...
Mukai Kazutaka - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether warm-up exercise at different intensities alters kinetics and total contribution of aerobic power to total metabolic power in subsequent supramaximal exercise in horses. ANIMALS: 11 horses. PROCEDURES: Horses ran at a sprint until fatigued at 115% of maximal oxygen consumption rate (VO(2max)), beginning at 10 minutes ...
Lamprecht Manfred - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of single bouts of exercise at three different intensities on the redox state of human serum albumin (HSA) and on carbonyl groups on protein (CP) concentrations in plasma. Trained men [n = 44, maximal oxygen consumption (Vo(2max)): 55 +/- 5 ...
Houghton Kristin M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To measure aerobic fitness (maximum oxygen consumption [VO(2peak)]), fatigue, quality of life (QOL), and disease activity in young persons with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and to determine an equation for predicting VO(2peak) from the distance walked in 6 minutes (6MW). METHODS: Fifteen young patients ages 12-19 years with SLE ...
Kubozono Takuro - - 2008
BACKGROUND: It is well-known that both B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and peak oxygen uptake (VO(2)) are independent predictors of mortality in patients with heart failure. This study investigates the predictive power of BNP and peak VO(2) for survival in cardiac patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 609 patients with ...
Zoladz J A - - 2009
In this study we have evaluated the effect of maximal incremental cycling exercise (IE) on the systemic release of prostacyclin (PGI(2)), assessed as plasma 6-keto-PGF(1alpha) concentration in young healthy men. Eleven physically active - untrained men (mean +/- S.D.) aged 22.7 +/- 2.1 years; body mass 76.3 +/- 9.1 kg; ...
Chiappa Gaspar R - - 2008
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have slowed pulmonary O(2) uptake (Vo(2)(p)) kinetics during exercise, which may stem from inadequate muscle O(2) delivery. However, it is currently unknown how COPD impacts the dynamic relationship between systemic and microvascular O(2) delivery to uptake during exercise. We tested the hypothesis that, ...
Kampus Priit - - 2008
Regular aerobic training has beneficial effects on inflammatory pathways and on arterial elasticity, which are both important cardiovascular risk factors. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of extreme physical load on arterial elasticity and inflammatory markers in well-trained healthy men who participated in a high-ranking ...
Guidetti Laura - - 2008
This study evaluated energy cost and energy sources of a ballet exercise (grand adage) in young female dancers with different technical ability, and then related the energy sources to the subject's VO(2max) and anaerobic threshold (IAT). Twenty-five dancers (13-16 years) were divided into two different technical ability groups: low-level (n ...
Goosey-Tolfrey Victoria L - - 2008
The aims of this study were two-fold: (1) to consider the criterion-related validity of the multi-stage fitness test (MSFT) by comparing the predicted maximal oxygen uptake (.VO(2max)) and distance travelled with peak oxygen uptake (VO(2peak)) measured using a wheelchair ergometer (n = 24); and (2) to assess the reliability of ...
Maxwell Mark S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Cardiorespiratory fitness level is inversely related to the incidence of Metabolic Syndrome (MetS). This study examined the effects of changes in cardiorespiratory fitness level on MetS status. METHODS: Male and female participants in a health enhancement program (n = 212) were clinically examined for changes in their MetS status ...
Giardini Alessandro - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that older Fontan patients and those with an underlying morphologically right ventricle have lower exercise capacity. We sought to assess the natural history of exercise capacity after the Fontan operation in individual patients, and to identify the factors influencing the rate of decrease of exercise ...
Davies R C - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to assess whether maximal oxygen uptake (V.O(2 max)) could be predicted from submaximal ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) elicited during the multistage fitness test (MFT). Eleven female volunteers completed three maximal exercise tests in random order; the MFT, a simulated MFT on a motorized ...
Nanas S - - 2009
The purpose of our study was assessment of the relative contribution of the systems involved in blood gas exchange to the limited exercise capacity in patients with beta-thalassemia major (TM) using integrative cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) with estimation of oxygen kinetics. The study consisted of 15 consecutive TM patients and ...
Daussin Frédéric N - - 2008
This study explored mitochondrial capacities to oxidize carbohydrate and fatty acids and functional optimization of mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes in athletes who regularly train at high exercise intensity (ATH, n = 7) compared with sedentary (SED, n = 7). Peak O(2) uptake (Vo(2max)) was measured, and muscle biopsies of vastus ...
Terziyski K - - 2008
1. The impact of ventilatory efficiency on reduced exercise capacity and recovery oxygen kinetics has not been addressed in cirrhotic patients. The aim of the present study was to investigate exercise performance and ventilatory efficiency in patients with mild and moderate liver cirrhosis (LC). 2. Nineteen male non-hypoxic patients with ...
Ingham Stephen A - - 2008
PURPOSE: To identify the optimal aerobic determinants of elite, middle-distance running (MDR) performance, using proportional allometric models. METHODS: Sixty-two national and international male and female 800-m and 1500-m runners undertook an incremental exercise test to volitional exhaustion. Mean submaximal running economy (ECON), speed at lactate threshold (speedLT), maximum oxygen uptake ...
Arena Ross - - 2008
There does not appear to be a relationship between peak oxygen consumption (VO(2)) and body mass index (BMI) in patients with heart failure (HF). We assessed the hypothesis that BMI and the oxygen uptake efficiency slope (OUES) would be related. Three hundred and thirty-seven HF patients (280 male/57 female, mean ...
Harris Ryan A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Inflammation has been found to play a role in the etiology of cardiovascular disease as well as provoke endothelial dysfunction. Inflammatory cytokines associated with endothelial function are interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). IL-6 is exercise intensity dependent and has been shown to inhibit TNF-alpha expression directly. The ...
Barker Alan R - - 2008
To further understand the mechanism(s) explaining the faster pulmonary oxygen uptake (p(VO)(2)) kinetics found in children compared to adults, this study examined whether the phase II p(VO)(2) kinetics in children are mechanistically linked to the dynamics of intramuscular PCr, which is known to play a principal role in controlling mitochondrial ...
Fujii Naoto - - 2008
We tested the hypothesis that, in humans, hyperthermic hyperpnea elicited in resting subjects differs from that elicited during submaximal, moderate-intensity exercise. In the rest trial, hot-water legs-only immersion and a water-perfused suit were used to increase esophageal temperature (T(es)) in 19 healthy male subjects; in the exercise trial, T(es) was ...
Stensrud T - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Several different exercise protocols are used to assess exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB), and to measure peak oxygen uptake (VO(2 peak)) and peak minute ventilation (VE(peak)). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate if one single test protocol for assessing EIB can also be used to determine aerobic capacity ...
Bhaumik Gopinath - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Maximum aerobic capacity decreases at high altitude. This study was conducted to compare the changes in maximum aerobic capacity in men and women mountaineering trainees on induction to high altitude at 4350 m by trekking. METHODS: Eight men and 8 women mountaineering trainees in a mountaineering course were selected ...
Koegelenberg Coenraad F N - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Algorithms for the pre-operative evaluation of lung resection candidates with impaired lung function invariably include maximum oxygen uptake (VO(2)MAX) as a critical parameter of functional reserves, with a VO(2)MAX >or=20 ml/kg/min generally considered sufficient for pneumonectomy. Stair climbing is a low-cost alternative to assess exercise capacity. OBJECTIVES: As stair ...
Robach Paul - - 2008
Treatment with recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEpo) induces a rise in blood oxygen-carrying capacity (CaO(2)) that unequivocally enhances maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2)max) during exercise in normoxia, but not when exercise is carried out in severe acute hypoxia. This implies that there should be a threshold altitude at which VO(2)max is less ...
Loeppky Jack A - - 2008
This study estimated changes in whole body oxygen stores (O(2)s) and carbon dioxide stores (CO(2)s) during steady state exercise with leg ischemia induced by leg cuff inflation. Six physically fit subjects performed 75 W steady state exercise for 15 min on a cycle ergometer. After 5 min of exercise, cuffs ...
Undavia Manish - - 2008
A case of successful laser extraction of a defibrillator lead with baffle stenting in a 15-year-old boy with dextrocardia, L-transposition, ventricular septal defect, and pulmonic stenosis status-post Senning/Rastelli repair is presented. Six-month follow-up revealed a significant increase in exercise tolerance and maximum oxygen consumption (VO(2)max).
Sahlberg Margareta - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The optimal training mode for cystic fibrosis (CF) patients has not been defined. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate cardiopulmonary function before and after endurance (ET) or resistance training (RT) for 6 months. METHODS: Twenty physically active adult patients (8 females) with classic CF were enrolled for ET or ...
Shaw Brandon S BS Tshwane University of - - 2008
With regards to obesity-related disease the impact of exercise training on health depends on the ability of exercise to promote a negative energy balance. Exercise's effect on promoting a negative energy balance is more likely to occur if exercise can induce a favourable dietary intake such as a reduced relative ...
da Silva Alberto Inácio AI Physical Education Department, State University of Ponta Grossa , UEPG, Paraná, - - 2008
The aim of this study was to determine the caloric expenditure and the intensity of physical activities performed by official soccer referees during a match expressed in Metabolic Equivalent (METs). The physical activity of referees accredited by CBF (Brazilian Confederation of Soccer) was video-recorded during twenty-nine official games of Paraná ...
Villerius V - - 2008
Responses of twelve competitive cyclists performing an interval training session, consisting of three successive 10-min self-paced exercise bouts separated by two 15-min active recovery periods, were studied. Power output (PO), heart rate, pedaling cadence, ventilatory variables, overall ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) and electromyographic (EMG) activity of the vastus lateralis, ...
Stephens Samantha - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the reliability of formal exercise testing and the reliability of functional and activity questionnaires in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). METHODS: Children with JIA of any subtype ages 8-16 years who were recruited to a randomized trial comparing different exercise therapies participated in 2 preintervention sessions ...
Jones A M - - 2008
Seven male subjects completed cycle exercise bouts to the limit of tolerance on three occasions: (1) at a constant work rate (340+/-57 W; even-pace strategy; ES); (2) at a work rate that was initially 10% lower than that in the ES trial but which then increased with time such that ...
Green H J - - 2008
In this study, we have investigated the hypothesis that an exercise protocol designed to repeatedly induce a large dependence on carbohydrate and large increases in glycolytic flux rate would result in rapid increases in the principal glucose and lactate transporters in working muscle, glucose transporter (GLUT)-4 and monocarboxylate transporter (MCT)4, ...
Wu Yen-Wen - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to clarify the influence of cardiac diastolic and peripheral vascular function on the exercise capacity of patients with coronary bypass surgery (CABG) and diabetes mellitus (DM) by tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and flow-mediated vasodilatation (FMD), and to investigate interrelations between exercise capacity and ...
Berg K - - 2007
AIM: Many sports are played intermittently in bursts of high, moderate, and low intensity activity. The pattern of exercise intensity has been assessed from heart rate (HR) and time motion analysis and few data are available based on assessment of exercise intensity by means of direct measurement of oxygen uptake. ...
Numao Shigeharu S Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Japan. Electronic - - 2007
Summary: The purpose of this study was to investigate differences in fat metabolism between visceral fat obese (VF-Ob) and abdominal subcutaneous obese (SF-Ob) men during "high-intensity endurance exercise". Fourteen obese (body mass index >25 kg/m(2)) men were classified into two groups according to visceral fat area using computed tomography; i.e., ...
Thistlethwaite John R - - 2008
This study examined the magnitude of the oxygen uptake slow component (VO(2) SC) during heavy exercise when preceded by heavy knee extension (KE) exercise. Nine males (26.6 +/- 1.7 years, +/-SE) performed repeated bouts of heavy exercise, each lasting 6 min with 6 min of recovery. Cycling-cycling trials (CYC(1), CYC(2)) ...
Ring-Dimitriou Susanne - - 2008
One of the goals of exercise prescription is the use of easily understandable physical activities to improve physical fitness. Lack of study designs investigating self-administered programs utilizing exercise telemetry monitors (ETM) compared to a no exercise telemetry monitors (NETM) guided exercise programs exist. The aim of the study was to ...
Arena Ross - - 2008
A hallmark symptom of heart failure (HF) is exercise intolerance, typically evidenced by excessive shortness of breath, and/or fatigue with exertion. In recent years, the physiologic response to progressive exercise using direct measures of ventilation and gas exchange, commonly termed the cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPX), has evolved into an important ...
de Oliveira N C - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the exercise capacity of women with systemic sclerosis (SSc) without pulmonary involvement using a cardiopulmonary stress test. METHODS: Thirteen consecutive female SSc patients [mean age 40.8+/-14 years, mean body mass index (BMI) 25.5+/-3.7 kg/m2] without pulmonary and cardiac involvement and 13 healthy sedentary female controls (mean age ...
Lyons S - - 2007
AIM: This study assessed excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) following continuous 200- kcal bouts of upper body exercise (UBE) and lower body exercise (LBE). METHODS: Ten untrained men (age: 25.7 +/- 5.83 years; arm VO(2peak): 2.2 +/- 0.25 l/min; 21.5 +/- 4.35 ml/kg/min; leg VO(2peak): 3.1 +/- 0.38 l/min; 30.7 ...
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