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Results 201 - 250 of 945
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Sugama Kaoru - - 2012
The T-cell subset Th17 is induced partly by interleukin (IL)-6 and activated by IL-23, and produces a proinflammatory cytokine IL-17. Since IL-6 increases dramatically following long-lasting endurance exercise, this response may also stimulate the induction of IL-17 and IL-23 after exercise. The aim of this study was to clarify the ...
Vegge Geir - - 2012
The effect on performance of protein ingestion during or after exercise is not clear. This has largely been attributed to the utilization of different scientific protocols and the neglection of accounting for factors such as differences in physical and chemical properties of protein supplements and differences in athletic performance level. ...
Sakakima Harutoshi - - 2012
Stroke disability stems from insufficient neurorepair mechanisms. Improvement of functions has been achieved through rehabilitation or therapeutic agents. Therefore, we combined exercise with a neurovascular protective agent, S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO), to accelerate functional recovery. Stroke was induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion for 60 min followed by reperfusion in adult male ...
Wan Zhongxiao - - 2012
Glyceroneogenesis is an important step in the control of fatty acid re-esterification with PEPCK and PDK4 being identified as key enzymes in this process. We have previously shown that glyceroneogenic enzymes such as PDK4 are rapidly induced in white adipose tissue during exercise. Recent studies have suggested that IL-6 regulates ...
Williams Paul T - - 2012
The guideline physical activity levels are prescribed in terms of time, frequency, and intensity (e.g., 30 minutes brisk walking, five days a week or its energy equivalence) and assume that different activities may be combined to meet targeted goals (exchangeability premise). Habitual runners and walkers may quantify exercise in terms ...
Gerecke Kim M - - 2012
Exercise has been demonstrated to potently protect substantia nigra pars compacta (SN) dopaminergic neurons from 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced neurotoxicity. One mechanism proposed to account for this neuroprotection is the upregulation of neurotrophic factors. Several neurotrophic factors, including Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF), have been shown to upregulate in response to exercise. ...
Tian Ye - - 2012
It has been shown that a suppressive protein, acting as an immune suppressor, is generated in animals and humans under particular stresses. However, studies related to immunosuppressive factors in response to the stress resulting from acute exercise are limited. This study compares the effects of pre- and post-exercise human serum ...
Williams Paul T - - 2012
Current physical activity recommendations assume that different activities can be exchanged to produce the same weight-control benefits so long as total energy expended remains the same (exchangeability premise). To this end, they recommend calculating energy expenditure as the product of the time spent performing each activity and the activity's metabolic ...
Fomin Åsa - - 2012
Sex comparisons between girls and boys in response to exercise in trained adolescents are missing and we investigated similarities and differences as a basis for clinical interpretation and guidance. A total of 24 adolescent females and 27 adolescent males aged 13-19 years underwent a maximal bicycle exercise stress test with ...
Ogasawara Junetsu - - 2012
In adipose cells, adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL) catalyzes the first step in adipocyte triacylglyceride hydrolysis, thereby regulating both basal and hormone-stimulated lipolysis. However, little is known about the molecular mechanism(s) underlying habitual exercise-induced adaptive modulation of ATGL in white adipocytes via alteration in transcription regulator and lipolytic cofactors. Male Wistar ...
Rowe Glenn C GC Cardiovascular Institute, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of - - 2012
Exercise confers numerous health benefits, many of which are thought to stem from exercise-induced mitochondrial biogenesis (EIMB) in skeletal muscle. The transcriptional coactivator PGC-1α, a potent regulator of metabolism in numerous tissues, is widely believed to be required for EIMB. We show here that this is not the case. Mice ...
Pasławska U U Department of Internal Diseases with Clinic for Horses, Dogs, and Cats, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Pl. Grunwaldzki 47, 50-366 Wroclaw, Poland. - - 2012
The duration of electrocardiographic (ECG) parameters: PQ, QT and R-R intervals change during long-term and short-term observation as the consequence of the fluctuations in autonomic nervous system activity among others dependent on the exercise and resting. There is no data of horse breed influence on these parameters. The aim of ...
Howatson Glyn G School of Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK ; School of Environmental Sciences and Development, Northwest University, Potchefstroom, South - - 2012
It is well documented that exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) decreases muscle function and causes soreness and discomfort. Branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) supplementation has been shown to increase protein synthesis and decrease muscle protein breakdown, however, the effects of BCAAs on recovery from damaging resistance training are unclear. Therefore, the aim ...
Da Pureza Demilto Yamagushi - - 2011
Introduction: We evaluated the role of cardiovascular autonomic changes in hemodynamics at rest and in response to exercise in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Methods: Male Wistar rats were divided into nondiabetic (ND, n = 8) and diabetic (D, n = 8) groups. Arterial pressure signals were recorded in the basal state ...
An Minjeong - - 2011
ABSTRACT: This review evaluated the effects of balance and/or gait exercise interventions for stroke survivors and summarized the available evidence on these exercise interventions. A search for studies published between January 2001 and January 2010 was performed using the keywords stroke, walking or balance, and physical activity or exercise. Seventeen ...
Fuchs Therese - - 2011
Sudden death in athletes can occur during sport activities and is presumably related to ventricular arrhythmias. There are no guidelines concerning athletes who develop ventricular arrhythmias during an exercise test. It is unclear whether they should be allowed to continue with their competitive activity or not. To investigate the long-term ...
Bhutkar Milind V - - 2011
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate effects of regular practice of sun salutation on muscle strength, general body endurance and body composition. Subjects (49 male and 30 female) performed 24 cycles of sun salutation, 6 days a week for 24 weeks. Upper body muscle strength was determined ...
Choi Eun-Hi - - 2011
To provide the off-loading knee brace was designed relief for the pain associated with osteoarthritis by reduce loads on the degenerative compartment of the knee. This study examined the effects of the off-loading knee brace on activation of femoral muscles during squatting, slow and fast walking exercise in healthy young ...
Nagasawa Takeshi - - 2012
This study examined the effect of exercise intensity on the kinetics of muscle oxygen consumption in non-exercising forearm flexor muscles () during exercise. Seven healthy male subjects performed cycling exercise for 60 min at 30% of maximal oxygen consumption (%) and 30 min at 50% on separate days. The values at rest ...
Taylor-Piliae Ruth E - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Gait velocity is an objective, fundamental indicator of post-stroke walking ability. Most stroke survivors have diminished aerobic endurance or paretic leg strength affecting their walking ability. Other reported underlying factors affecting gait velocity include functional disability, balance, cognitive impairment, or the distance they are required to walk. OBJECTIVE: To ...
Kang Seung Wan - - 2012
Antioxidant supplementations are commonly used as an ergogenic aid for physical exercise despite its limited evidence. The study aimed to investigate the effects of a polyphenol mixture and vitamins on exercise endurance capacity. Seventy regularly exercising male participants were randomly assigned to receive oligomerized lychee fruit extract, a mixture of ...
Billinger Sandra A - - 2012
Evidence from several studies consistently shows decline in cardiorespiratory (CR) fitness and physical function after disabling stroke. The broader implications of such a decline to general health may be partially understood through negative poststroke physiologic adaptations such as unilateral muscle fiber type shifts, impaired hemodynamic function, and decrements in systemic ...
Corbelli Ilenia - - 2012
It is well known that physical activity can aggravate the intensity of the headache, but the pathophysiological relationship between exertion and aura is still unknown. Anecdotal reports describe episodes of migraine preceded by head trauma and visual symptoms, migraine prodrome symptoms after unusually strenuous running with no subsequent head pain ...
Bressel Eadric - - 2012
To compare trunk muscle activity levels among a variety of therapeutic aquatic exercises designed for patients with low back pain. Quantitative observational laboratory study. Sports medicine clinic housed in a University. Eleven physically active males aged 25.7 ± 5.53 years. Surface electromyographic (EMG) data from muscles rectus abdominis (RA), external oblique (EO), ...
Gothi D - - 2011
Pulmonary rehabilitation is an important component in the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and other chronic respiratory diseases. The goal of rehabilitation is to evaluate various systems, treat optimally, improve dyspnoea and health-related quality of life. It is a multi-disciplinary approach and involves a physician, a psychiatrist, a ...
Dasilva Sergio G - - 2011
Speculation exists that a positive affective response experienced during exercise may play an important role in predicting exercise adherence. Previous studies using self-paced exercise protocols have been associated with health benefits and pleasant experiences. However, all of these studies were conducted in laboratories, and consequently, the external validity of the ...
Behboudi Lale - - 2011
Aerobic exercise has been identified as the main treatment for type 2 diabetic patients. Such an exercise, however, is usually repined by some of patients who suffer from lack of stamina. Therefore, whole body vibration has recently been introduced as a passive intervention. The present study aimed at comparing how ...
Cruz-Ferreira Ana - - 2011
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of Pilates-based mat exercises on life satisfaction, perception of appreciation by other people, perception of physical appearance, perception of functionality, total physical self-concept, and perception of health status in healthy women. A randomized controlled trial was conducted in Evora, Portugal, ...
Turner Louise A - - 2011
PURPOSE:: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) on exercise tolerance, inspiratory muscle fatigue and the perception of dyspnea in asthmatic individuals. METHODS:: Using a matched, double-blind, placebo-controlled design, 15 clinically-diagnosed asthmatics underwent either 6 wks of inspiratory muscle training (IMT, n=7) ...
Sivakumar G - - 2011
Breathing is the most vital function for maintenance of life. Slow and deep breathing is an integral part of Pranayama and it reduces dead space ventilation and renews air throughout the lungs. The reported beneficial effects of deep breathing as a part of either long term or short term practice ...
Carver Tamara - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Chronic hemiparetic stroke individuals are at a higher risk of falling. This may be due to balance impairments, cardiovascular deconditioning, and muscle weakness associated with stroke effects. Postural instability associated with fatigue would likely be attained more rapidly for stroke individuals than for healthy individuals. OBJECTIVE: To determine the ...
Chiang Evelyn S - - 2011
Expectancy-value models of motivation have been applied to understanding children's choices in areas such as academics and sports. Here, an expectancy-value paradigm is applied to exercising (defined as engaging in physical activity). The notion of perceived cost is highlighted in particular. Two hundred twenty children in third, fourth, and fifth ...
Webb Heather E - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of concurrent physical and mental challenge on stress hormones and indicators of vascularfunctionin firefighters. Twelve professional firefighters exercised at 60% VO(2max) while participating in a computerized Fire Strategies and Tactics Drill (FSTD-fire strategies condition [FSC]), and again at the same ...
Strachan Shaelyn M - - 2011
Research shows that people with stronger exercise identity (EXID) exhibit greater negative affect and self-regulatory efficacy (SRE) when behaviour is inconsistent with identity. However, related attributions have not been examined. Using social cognitive and identity theories, we examined causes of failing to exercise. In a two (EXID: stronger, weaker) by ...
Ahtiainen Juha P - - 2011
Ahtiainen, JP, Lehti, M, Hulmi, JJ, Kraemer, WJ, Alen, M, Nyman, K, Selänne, H, Pakarinen, A, Komulainen, A, Kovanen, V, Mero, AA, and Häkkinen, K. Recovery after heavy resistance exercise and skeletal muscle androgen receptor and insulin-like growth factor-I isoform expression in strength trained men. J Strength Cond Res 25(3): ...
Thompson Coon J - - 2011
Our objective was to compare the effects on mental and physical wellbeing, health related quality of life and long-term adherence to physical activity, of participation in physical activity in natural environments compared with physical activity indoors. We conducted a systematic review using the following data sources: Medline, Embase, Psychinfo, GreenFILE, ...
Astorino Todd A - - 2011
Caffeine has been shown to reduce leg-muscle pain during submaximal cycle ergometry, as well as in response to eccentric exercise. However, less is known about its analgesic properties during non-steadystate, high-intensity exercise. The primary aim of this study was to examine the effect of 2 doses of caffeine on leg ...
Green John T JT Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, United States. - - 2011
Voluntary exercise, in the form of free access to a running wheel in the home cage, has been shown to improve several forms of learning and memory. Acrobatic training, in the form of learning to traverse an elevated obstacle course, has been shown to induce markers of neural plasticity in ...
Vancampfort D - - 2011
Vancampfort D, Probst M, Sweers K, Maurissen K, Knapen J, De Hert M. Relationships between obesity, functional exercise capacity, physical activity participation and physical self-perception in people with schizophrenia. Objective:  This study compared differences in functional exercise capacity between patients with schizophrenia and healthy controls. Physical self-perception and physical activity ...
Whitaker John - - 2011
A 32-year-old Spanish man presented to hospital after a second episode of syncope immediately following exercise. On admission, his vitals signs were stable and he had a regular heart rate of 60 bpm. ECG and transthoracic echocardiogram were normal. He completed 15 min of a BRUCE protocol exercise test. One ...
Rubini Ercole C - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to investigate the immediate effects of static and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) stretching on the flexibility of hip adductors in female ballet dancers. Forty-five subjects (age: 28.5 ± 8.0 years; minimum two years of ballet training) were randomly assigned to three groups: PNF ...
Almomen Momen Mohammad Ahmad - - 2011
To determine the effect of fasting immediately after exercise on blood lactate clearance. This study was conducted at College of Medicine, Dammam University, KSA. Untrained male volunteers (n = 26) between 18-23 years of age were divided into two equal groups; fasting and non-fasting. After an overnight fasting both groups ...
Winsley Richard - - 2011
In comparison to adults, our knowledge of the overtraining syndrome in elite young athletes is lacking. The evidence indicates an incidence rate of ∼20-30%, with a relatively higher occurrence seen in individual sport athletes, females and those competing at the highest representative levels. The most commonly reported symptoms are similar ...
Loenneke J P - - 2010
The purpose was to determine repetitions to failure and perceptual responses to exercise with and without occlusion. 15 subjects participated in a randomized crossover study of 3 trials. The first determined one repetition maximum (1RM) on the leg extension. Subjects were then assigned to an occlusion (OCC) or control (CON) ...
Giacobbi Peter R PR - - 2010
We assessed the factor structure of a revised version of the Exercise Imagery Inventory (ELI; Giacobbi, Hausenblas, & Penfield, 2005), second-order interrelationships for cognitive and motivational forms of mental imagery, and associations with exercise behavior and barriers self-efficacy. A convenience sample of 358 (M age = 20.55 years, SD = ...
Skovgaard Dorthe - - 2010
The purpose of this study is to investigate exercise-induced cellular proliferation in rat skeletal muscle/tendon with the use of 3'-[F-18]fluoro-3'deoxythymidine (FLT) and to quantitatively study concomitant changes in the proliferation-associated factor, Ki67. Wistar rats (n = 13) performed 3 days of treadmill running. Cellular proliferation was investigated 3 days before and 48 ...
Mays Ryan J - - 2010
This investigation examined the validity of newly developed Adult OMNI Elliptical Ergometer Ratings of Perceived Exertion Scales. 60 men and women performed a graded exercise test on an elliptical ergometer. Oxygen consumption (VO2), heart rate (HR), and ratings of perceived exertion were recorded at each stage from the Borg 15 ...
Maffulli Nicola - - 2010
Tendinopathy is a failed healing response of the tendon. Despite an abundance of therapeutic options, very few randomized prospective, placebo-controlled trials have been carried out to assist physicians in choosing the best evidence-based management. Eccentric exercises have been proposed to promote collagen fiber cross-link formation within the tendon, thereby facilitating ...
Christensen Britt - - 2011
NSAIDs are widely used in the treatment of inflammatory diseases as well as of tendon diseases associated with pain in sports and labor. However, the effect of NSAID intake, and thus blockade of PGE(2) production, on the tendon tissue adaptation is unknown. The purpose of the present study was to ...
Morrissey Dylan - - 2011
To compare in vivo effects of eccentric and concentric calf muscle training on Achilles tendon stiffness, in subjects without tendinopathy. Thirty-eight recreational athletes completed 6 weeks eccentric (6 males, 13 females, 21.6 ± 2.2 years) or concentric training (8 males, 11 females, 21.1 ± 2.0 years). Achilles tendon stiffness, tendon modulus and single-leg jump ...
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