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Villanueva Matthew G MG Division of Biokinesiology and Physical Therapy, Clinical Exercise Research Center, University of Southern California, 1540 E. Alcazar St., CHP-149, Los Angeles, CA, 90089, - - 2014
To determine if 8 weeks of periodized strength resistance training (RT) utilizing relatively short rest interval lengths (RI) in between sets (SS) would induce greater improvements in body composition and muscular performance, compared to the same RT program utilizing extended RI (SL). 22 male volunteers (SS: n = 11, 65.6 ± 3.4 years; SL: n = 11, 70.3 ± 4.9 years) ...
Kvorning Thue T Team Danmark, Idraettens Hus, Broendby, Denmark; Institute of Sport Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, - - 2014
To investigate how suppression of endogenous testosterone during an 8 week strength training period influences the activity of satellite cells and myonuclei. Twenty-two moderately trained young men participated in this randomized, placebo-controlled, and double-blinded intervention study. The participants were randomized to treatment with a GnRH-analogue, goserelin (n=12), which suppresses testosterone ...
Bush Jill A JA 1Department of Health and Exercise Science, The College of New Jersey, Ewing, New Jersey 2Department of Health and Human Performance, University of Houston, Houston, - - 2014
Numerous studies have shown performance benefits from including whole-body vibration (WBV) whether as a training modality or an acute exercise protocol when utilized as a component of the resistance training program. Some studies have indicated that performing dynamic exercises as compared to static position exercises while exposed to WBV might ...
Leite Thalita T 1Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. School of Physical Education and Sports. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 22941-599 - Brazil. 2University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Research Center for Sport, Vila Real, Portugal. 3Federal University of Maranhão. Physical Education Department. São Luís, MA - Brazil. 4Kinesiology Department, A.T. Still University, Mesa, AZ - - - 2014
The aim of this study was to analyze the strength and flexibility gains after 12 weeks of strength and flexibility training, isolated or combined. Twenty-eight trained women (mean ± SD age = 46 ± 6.52 years; body mass = 56.8 ± 5.02 kg; height = 162 ± 5.58 cm) were ...
Zainol Nurul Ain NA a Sport Science Unit, School of Medical Sciences , Universiti Sains Malaysia , Kubang Kerian , - - 2014
Purpose: We examined the moderating effects of exercise habit strength on the relationship between emotional distress and short-term memory in primary school children. Methods: The sample consisted of 165 primary school students (10-12 years old). Participants completed measures of emotional distress, exercise habit strength, and the Digit Span Test. Mid-year exam ...
McCormick Lisa C LC Department of Health Care Organization and Policy, University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Public - - 2014
Increasingly, public health departments are designing and engaging in complex operations-based full-scale exercises to test multiple public health preparedness response functions. The Department of Homeland Security's Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation Program (HSEEP) supplies benchmark guidelines that provide a framework for both the design and the evaluation of drills and ...
Claessen Guido G 1Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, BELGIUM; 2Department of Cardiovascular Imaging and Dynamics, University of Leuven, Leuven, BELGIUM; 3Department of Radiology, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, BELGIUM; 4Department of Laboratory Medicine, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, BELGIUM; and 5St. Vincent's Hospital Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Fitzroy, - - 2014
Prolonged intense exercise has often been associated with the impairment of right ventricular (RV) function after activity, whereas this is rare for the left ventricle (LV). The effect of prolonged exercise on the heart has not been adequately measured during exercise itself. We performed real-time cardiac magnetic resonance imaging at ...
Souza Eduardo O EO Laboratory of Adaptations to Strength Training, School of Physical Education and Sport, University of Sao Paulo , SP, Brazil ; Department of Physical Education, Paulista University (UNIP), Sao Paulo , SP, - - 2014
This study compared quadriceps muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) and maximum strength (1RM) after three different short-term strength training (ST) regimens (i.e. non-periodized [NP], traditional-periodization [TP], and undulating-periodization [UP]) matched for volume load in previously untrained individuals. Thirty-one recreationally active males were randomly divided into four groups: NP: n = 9; ...
Novaes Gomes Fabiano Guimarães FG Department of Physiology, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), São Paulo, SP 04023-900, Brazil; Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculdade de Minas (FAMINAS), Muriaé-Minas Gerais, 36880-000, - - 2014
Previous studies have shown that strength exercise improves memory and increases expression of a myriad of proteins involved on neuronal survival and synaptic plasticity in the hippocampus. Conversely, chronic exposure to supraphysiological levels of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) can induce psychiatric abnormalities, cognitive deficits, impair neurotransmission, alter the levels of ...
Chen C C CC Department of Electrical Engineering, National Cheng-Kung University, Tainan, - - 2014
We developed a forced non-electric-shock running wheel (FNESRW) system that provides rats with high-intensity exercise training using automatic exercise training patterns that are controlled by a microcontroller. The proposed system successfully makes a breakthrough in the traditional motorized running wheel to allow rats to perform high-intensity training and to enable ...
Kim Chul-Ho CH Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN. Electronic address: - - 2014
It is unclear how dynamic changes in pulmonary-capillary blood volume (Vc), alveolar lung volume (derived from end-inspiratory lung volume, EILV) and interstitial fluid (ratio of alveolar capillary membrane conductance and pulmonary capillary blood volume, Dm/Vc) influence lung impedance (ZT). The purpose of this study was to investigate if positional change ...
Lammi Matthew R MR Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Dynamic hyperinflation (DH) after lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) has not been well studied. It is not known if reductions in DH correlate with improvements in exercise performance post-LVRS. Forty-two upper-lobe predominant emphysema patients who underwent LVRS were analyzed. Inspiratory capacity was measured every 2 min during symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise test ...
Boushel Robert R 1Åstrand Laboratory, The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden; 2Center for Integrative Human Physiology, Institute of Physiology, University of Zurich, Switzerland; 3Department of Biomedical Sciences, Core Facility for Integrated Microscopy (CFIM), Faculty of Health & Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, - - 2014
Mitochondria form a reticulum in skeletal muscle. Exercise training stimulates mitochondrial biogenesis, yet an emerging hypothesis is that training also induces qualitative regulatory changes. Substrate oxidation, oxygen affinity and biochemical coupling efficiency may be differentially regulated with training and exposure to extreme environments. Threshold training doses inducing mitochondrial up-regulation remain ...
Figueroa Rocío A RA Vanderbilt - - 2014
Introduction: Postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is associated with exercise intolerance, hypovolemia and cardiac atrophy, which may contribute to reduced stroke volume and compensatory exaggerated heart rate (HR) increases. Acute volume loading with intravenous saline reduces HR and improves orthostatic tolerance and symptoms in POTS, but its effect on exercise capacity ...
Beijer Asa A German Aerospace Center, Institute of Aerospace Medicine and Space Physiology, Cologne, Germany; Department of Molecular and Cellular Sport Medicine, German Sport University Cologne, Cologne, - - 2014
Whole-body vibration (WBV) training is commonly practiced and may enhance peripheral blood flow. Here, we investigated muscle morphology and acute microcirculatory responses before and after a 6-week resistive exercise training intervention without (RE) or with (RVE) simultaneous whole-body vibrations (20 Hz, 6 mm peak-to-peak amplitude) in 26 healthy men in a randomized, ...
Hobson Ruth R a School of Science and Technology , Nottingham Trent University , Nottingham , - - 2014
Abstract The addition of whey protein to a carbohydrate-electrolyte drink has been shown to enhance post-exercise rehydration when a volume below that recommended for full fluid balance restoration is provided. We investigated if this held true when volumes sufficient to restore fluid balance were consumed and if differences might be ...
Hammoudi Nadjib N Department of Cardiology, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital, Paris, France; University Paris VI, Faculté de Médecine Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France; Institute of Cardiometabolism and Nutrition (ICAN), Paris, - - 2014
Latent heart failure at rest can be observed in a number of patients upon exercise. Considering left atrial (LA) remodelling as the reflection of the cumulative effects of the LV filling pressure (FP) over time, our aim was to investigate whether the LA volume would predict abnormal exercise LVFP. Ninety ...
Rahbek Stine Klejs SK Section of Sport Science, Department of Public Health, Aarhus University, Dalgas Avenue 4, Aarhus C, 8000, Aarhus, - - 2014
Greater force produced with eccentric (ECC) compared to concentric (CONC) contractions, may comprise a stronger driver of muscle growth, which may be further augmented by protein supplementation. We investigated the effect of differentiated contraction mode with either whey protein hydrolysate and carbohydrate (WPH + CHO) or isocaloric carbohydrate (CHO) supplementation on regulation ...
Sturgeon Kathleen K University of - - 2014
Cardiotoxicity is a common side effect for cancer patients treated with doxorubicin (DOX). We tested the hypothesis that low intensity aerobic exercise concomitant with DOX treatment would offset DOX-induced cardiotoxicity while also improving the therapeutic efficacy of DOX on tumor progression. B16F10 melanoma cells (3x10(5)) were injected subcutaneously into the ...
Helms E E eric.helms@aut.ac.nz - - - 2014
The anabolic effect of resistance training can mitigate muscle loss during contest preparation. In reviewing relevant literature, we recommend a periodized approach be utilized. Block and undulating models show promise. Muscle groups should be trained 2 times weekly or more, although high volume training may benefit from higher frequencies to ...
Taguchi Tetsuya T Department of Medicine and Biological Science, Graduate School of Medicine, Gunma University, Gunma, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Exercise training is known to improve the shortness of breath experienced by patients with heart disease when the ventilatory pattern becomes abnormal during exercise. However, the precise relationship between breathing patterns and the effect of exercise training has not been elucidated to date. We evaluated the relationship between the effect ...
Kenefick Robert W RW USARIEM - - 2014
Heat stress and hydration may both alter plasma volume (PV) responses during acute exercise; potential interactions have not been fully studied. Purpose: To determine the impact of graded elevations in skin temperature (Tsk) when eu- (EU) and hypohydrated (HYPO, -4% of body mass) on PV changes during steady-state exercise. Methods: ...
Austin Mark W MW Recovery and Performance Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland, NL, - - 2014
Aerobic exercise (AE) enhances neuroplasticity and improves functional outcome in animal models of stroke, however the optimal parameters (days post-stroke, intensity, mode, and duration) to influence brain repair processes are not known. We searched PubMed, CINAHL, PsychInfo, the Cochrane Library, and the Central Register of Controlled Clinical Trials, using predefined ...
Olin J Tod JT Department of Pediatrics, National Jewish Health, Denver, - - 2014
Paradoxical vocal fold motion and exercise-induced paradoxical vocal fold motion (EIPVFM) are two related conditions that do not have definitive diagnostic criteria. Much of the EIPVFM literature describes patients with characteristic physiologic findings of severe upper airway obstruction or obvious airflow limitation in the clinical context of exertional dyspnea with ...
Tagougui Semah S 1University of Lille 2, EA 4488 'Physical Activity, Muscle & Health', Lille, France 2School of Kinesiology and Health Science, Faculty of Health, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada 3Department of Diabetology, Lille University Hospital, EA 4489, Lille, France 4Department of Physiology, EA 2689 & IFR 22, Lille, France 5Regional Hospital Centre of Roubaix, - - 2014
Aerobic fitness, as reflected by maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), is impaired in poorly controlled patients with type 1 diabetes. The mechanisms underlying this impairment remain to be explored. This study sought to investigate whether type 1 diabetes and high levels of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) influence oxygen supply including oxygen delivery ...
Dominelli P B PB School of Kinesiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
The oxygen cost of exercise hyperpnea [Formula: see text] has been quantified using a variety of techniques with inconsistent findings. Between-study variation relates to poor control of breathing patterns and lung mechanics. We developed a methodology allowing precise matching of exercising WOB in order to estimate [Formula: see text] . ...
Findikoglu Gulin G Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Pamukkale, Denizli, - - 2014
Acute hemorheological responses to different types of aerobic exercise have never compared in a single study in healthy people.OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare acute effects of high intensity intermittent exercise (HIIE) and moderate intensity continuous exercise (MICE) on hemorheological parameters, in healthy young subjects.METHODS: A total of 34 sedentary young ...
Stevens Wj Alexander WA Exercise Nutrition Research Laboratory, School of Kinesiology, Western University, London, Ontario, CANADA, N6A - - 2014
2000 m time-trail performance, aerobic capacity, and anaerobic capacity were assessed in 16 trained oarsmen after sprint interval training (SIT) replaced a portion of an endurance-based training program (EBTSIT) vs an endurance-based program alone (EBTAlone). EBTSIT involved 10 SIT sessions over 4 weeks, in addition to 12 continuous exercise sessions, ...
Graham Zachary A ZA Department of Health, Sport, and Exercise Sciences, University of Kansas, - - 2014
Introduction: The alpha7beta1 integrin links the extracellular matrix to the focal adhesion (FA) in skeletal muscle and serves as a stabilizing and signal relayer. Heat shock (HS) induces expression of proteins that interact with the FA. Male Wistar rats were put into 3 groups: control (CON), eccentric exercise (EE), or ...
Moga Ana Maria AM 1School of Physical and Occupational Therapy, McGill University , Montreal, Quebec , - - 2014
Abstract Background: Although BiPAP has been used as an adjunct to exercise, little is know about its effect on exercise in COPD. We aimed to evaluate the acute effect of BiPAP delivered with a standard valve (Vision, Respironics), compared to no assist, on exercise capacity in individuals with COPD. Methods: ...
Faull O K OK School of Physical Education, Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand; Nuffield Department of Clinical Neuroscience, University of Oxford, Oxford, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to characterize cerebrovascular responses to rowing exercise, investigating whether their diurnal variation might explain performance differences across a day. Twelve male rowers completed incremental rowing exercise and a 2000-m ergometer time trial at 07:00 h and 16:00 h, 1 week apart, while middle cerebral artery velocity ...
Gaston A F AF Department STAPS, Laboratoire Performance, Santé et Altitude - Université de PerpignanFont-Romeu, France - - - 2014
Exercise induced hypoxemia (EIH) can develop in highly trained endurance athletes in terms of exercise mode, muscle mass involved in the exercise, training status and altitude. With this background, the present study compared EIH development and cardio-respiratory responses, in younger highly trained biathletes, at moderate altitude, during running and roller ...
Ciccone Anthony B AB Center for Sport Performance, Department of Kinesiology, California State University, Fullerton, - - 2014
Traditional strength training with 80% of one-repetition maximum (1RM) utilizes 2- to 5-minute rest periods between sets. These long rest periods minimize decreases in volume and intensity, but result in long workouts. Performing upper-body exercises during lower-body rest intervals may decrease workout duration, but may affect workout performance. Therefore, the ...
Hoffman Martin D - - 2014
Background: Proper acute management of exercise-associated hyponatremia (EAH) has been known for decades, yet this information has not been uniformly implemented. Since treatment of EAH with isotonic fluids can result in delayed recovery and death, it is important that proper acute management in the field and hospital be utilized. Case ...
Matsuo Tomoaki T Hazard Evaluation and Epidemiology Research Group, National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Japan, 6-21-1 Nagao, Tama-ku, Kawasaki, 214-8585, Japan, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of low-volume, high-intensity aerobic interval training (HAIT) on maximal oxygen consumption ([Formula: see text]O2max), left ventricular (LV) mass, and heart rate recovery (HRR) with high-volume, moderate-intensity continuous aerobic training (CAT) in sedentary adults. Twenty-four healthy but sedentary male adults (aged ...
Alis R R Universitary Research Institute "Dr. Viña Giner", Molecular and Mitochondrial Medicine. Catholic University of Valencia "San Vicente Mártir", Valencia, Spain - - - 2014
High-intensity interval training (HIT) is an exercise model that has been seen to cause similar muscle adaptations and improvements in exercise performance to other traditional exercise models. This study aimed to examine the effects of low-volumeHIT exercise on plasma viscosity (PV). Ten healthy male subjects (25.80±3.39 years) randomly performed a ...
Ng Bobby H P BH Occupational Therapy Department, Kowloon Hospital, Hong Kong (Dr Ng and Mr So); Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong (Dr Tsang); and Chinese Medicine Department, Hospital Authority, Hong Kong (Mr - - 2014
Qigong (QG) and tai chi (TC), alternative forms of exercise based on traditional Chinese medicine, are reported to be beneficial to patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This systematic review analyzed the evidence and made recommendations for clinical applications and future research. Key words "qigong," "tai chi," "COPD," and ...
Yamauchi Katsuya K Penn State Heart & Vascular Institute, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
The distention of small vessels caused by an increase in blood flow to dynamically exercising muscles has been proposed as a stimulus that activates the thin fiber (groups III and IV) afferents evoking the exercise pressor reflex. This theory has been supported by evidence obtained from both humans and animals. ...
Bruchim Yaron Y The Hebrew University Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. - - 2014
Military working dogs in hot countries undergo exercise training at high ambient temperatures for at least 9 months annually. Physiological adaptations to these harsh conditions have been extensively studied; however, studies focusing on the underlying molecular adaptations are limited. In the current study, military working dogs were chosen as a ...
Wang Xiao X Department of Neurology, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang 050051, P. R. - - 2014
Physical exercise could play a neuroprotective role in both human and animals. However, the involved signal pathways underlying the neuroprotective effect are still not well established. This study was to investigate the possible signal pathways involved in the neuroprotection of pre-ischemic treadmill training after ischemic stroke. Seventy-two SD rats were ...
Lu Liangyu L Sports Medicine Department, East Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200120, - - 2014
Acute effects of physical exercise on the deformational behavior of knee articular cartilage and changes in cartilage volume are definite. However, conclusive effects of different exercises on the loss of articular cartilage volume have not been proved. In this parallel-group randomized controlled trial, we tested whether 12 weeks of swimming, ...
Miller Kevin C KC School of Rehabilitation and Medical Science, Central Michigan University, Mount - - 2014
Context: Some athletes ingest pickle juice (PJ) or mustard to treat exercise-associated muscle cramps (EAMCs). Clinicians warn against this because they are concerned it will exacerbate exercise-induced hypertonicity or cause hyperkalemia. Few researchers have examined plasma responses after PJ or mustard ingestion in dehydrated, exercised individuals. Objective: To determine if ...
Murata Jun J Department of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation Science, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki University, - - 2014
[Purpose] To clarify how a novel dynamic cushion affects the leg edema evoked by wheelchair sitting, we measured the changes in leg volume induced during wheelchair sitting with the dynamic air cushion or a static cushion. [Subjects and Methods] Nine healthy male subjects participated in this study. Leg edema during ...
Oosterhout Wpj van WV Department of Neurology, Leiden University Medical Center, the Netherlands - - 2014
Headache is a common symptom during space travel, both isolated and as part of space motion syndrome. Head-down-tilted bed rest (HDTBR) studies are used to simulate outer space microgravity on Earth, and allow countermeasure interventions such as artificial gravity and training protocols, aimed at restoring microgravity-induced physiological changes. The objectives ...
Sano Kokoro K Ophthalmology, Keio University, Shinjuku-ku, 1608582, - - 2014
Purpose: To investigate the effects of exercise on tear secretion in type 2 diabetic mice, and to investigate the effect of the AMPK activator 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleoside (AICAR). Methods: Heterozygous controls (db/m; m Leprdb) and type 2 diabetic mice (db/db; Leprdb) either underwent forced treadmill exercise training 5 days a week ...
West Christopher R CR ICORD / - - 2014
We asked whether elastic binding of the abdomen influences respiratory mechanics during wheelchair propulsion in athletes with cervical spinal cord injury (SCI). Eight Paralympic wheelchair rugby players with motor-complete SCI (C5-C7) performed submaximal and maximal incremental exercise tests on a treadmill, both with and without abdominal binding. Measurements included pulmonary ...
Mendelson Monique M University Grenoble Alpes, HP2, F-38000, Grenoble, France; INSERM, HP2, F-38000 Grenoble, France; CHU de Grenoble, HP2, F-38000 Grenoble, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
We aimed to examine ventilatory responses during the six-minute walk test in healthy-weight and obese adolescents before and after exercise training. Twenty obese adolescents (OB) (age: 14.5±1.5 years; BMI: 34.0±4.7kg.min(-2) and 20 age and gender-matched healthy-weight adolescents (HW) (age: 15.5 ± 1.5 years; BMI: 19.9 ± 1.4kg.min(-2)) completed six-minute walk ...
Nicholson Gareth G (Carnegie School of Sport, Leeds Metropolitan - - 2014
The present study aimed to examine a wide profile of acute biochemical and neuromuscular responses to strength (STR) and hypertrophy (HYP) resistance exercise (RE). Seven trained males completed a STR workout (4 x 6 repetitions, 85% one repetition maximum [1RM], 5 min rest periods), a HYP workout (4 x 10 ...
Erickson Kirk I KI Department of Psychology, Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this review, we explore the association among physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and exercise on gray matter volume in older adults. We conclude that higher cardiorespiratory fitness levels are routinely associated with greater gray matter volume in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus and less consistently in other regions. We also ...
Liu Wei-Hua WH State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100037, - - 2014
We observed the pulmonary function and exercise capacity of idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) and idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) patients using cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX). We evaluated and compared the two groups. Pulmonary abnormalities and decreased exercise capacity are common in IDCM and IPAH. Little is known about the differences ...
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