Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 631
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Scheatzle M D - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether a biphasic defibrillation waveform (BDW) would produce a superior rate of converting prolonged ventricular fibrillation (VF) into a perfusing rhythm and delay the occurrence of asystole and/or pulseless electrical activity (PEA) during the resuscitation attempt, when compared with a monophasic defibrillation waveform (MDW). METHODS: The authors ...
Neri R - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that endocardial atrial defibrillation, using lead configurations specifically designed for ventricular defibrillation, is feasible but the substantial patient discomfort might prevent the widespread use of the technique unless significant improvements in shock tolerability are achieved. It has been suggested that the peak voltage or the ...
Araoye M A - - 1999
Axis deviation is one of the variables most commonly sought for in Electrocardiography (ECG). Although no one doubts the superiority of vector cardiography (VCG) as the most accurate in axis determination, most clinicians adopt the Hexaxial Reference System (HRS) of the 12-Lead ECG (12LS) as the most accessible for routine ...
Rao S S - - 1999
Whether physical exercise stimulates colonic motility is unclear. Our aim was to determine the immediate effects of graded exercise on colonic motility. Colonic motility was recorded at six sites in 11 untrained subjects, by colonoscopically placing a solid-state probe. Subjects were free to ambulate. The next day, subjects exercised on ...
Crezee J - - 1999
PURPOSE: The 27 MHz Multi Electrode Current Source (MECS) interstitial hyperthermia system uses probes consisting of multiple independent electrodes, 10-20 mm long, to steer the 3-D power deposition. Seven point thermocouples integrated into the probes provide matching 3-D temperature feedback data. To improve spatial steering the number of independent segments ...
Acar B - - 1999
An orthogonalization method to eliminate unwanted signal components in standard 12-lead exercise electrocardiograms (ECG's) is presented in this work. A singular-value-decomposition-based algorithm is proposed to decompose the signal into two time-orthogonal subspaces; one containing the ECG and the other containing artifacts like baseline wander and electromyogram. The method makes use ...
Kaiser W - - 1999
In signal processing of exercise electrocardiograms (ECGs), artifacts are a recurring problem. It is still difficult to discriminate the ECG curves from artifacts, especially in exercise ECGs and particularly in the high exercise phase. We focused on the artifact problem and worked on two new topics: the Finite Impulse Response ...
Friedman P A - - 1999
INTRODUCTION: In patients receiving test shocks to verify lead connections at implantation, we anecdotally have observed postshock delay. The purpose of this study was to determine whether QRS-synchronous low-energy shocks delivered by implantable defibrillators result in postshock cycle length prolongation, and to determine the mechanism of this phenomenon. METHODS AND ...
Daels P F - - 1998
The onset of eCG secretion in pregnant mares coincides with an increase in luteal steroid production and a relative shift toward androgen and estrogen synthesis. However, a cause-effect relationship between eCG and the shift in luteal steroidogenesis has not been demonstrated. In this study, we have investigated the effect of ...
Patwardhan A - - 1998
We used Hilbert transforms to re-evaluate the previously reported correlation between defibrillation shock outcome and absolute ventricular fibrillation voltage (AVFV). Previously in the literature, single values of AVFV acquired just prior to shock delivery were used to show a correlation between AVFV and shock outcome. In subsequent studies, a modified ...
Hsu W - - 1998
BACKGROUND: A previous retrospective study by our group suggested that shocks timed to the upslope of the shocking lead electrogram improved defibrillation efficacy. The goal of this study was to prospectively determine whether defibrillation threshold could be reduced by use of an algorithm that timed shocks to the upslope of ...
Kwan Y Y - - 1998
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that both functional reentrant wave fronts and multiple wavelets are present during ventricular fibrillation (VF). However, the effects of procainamide on the characteristics of activation waves during VF are poorly understood. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seven dogs were studied; six underwent subendocardial chemical ablation procedures. A ...
Fishler M G - - 1998
INTRODUCTION: The mechanisms by which a defibrillation shock directly stimulates regions of cardiac tissue distal to the stimulus electrodes ("far-field" stimulation) are still not well understood. Existing hypotheses have proposed that intercellular discontinuities and/or fiber curvatures induce the requisite membrane polarizations. This article hypothesizes a third potential mechanism: one based ...
Shafik A - - 1998
The electromechanical activity of the common bile duct (CBD) was studied in 11 dogs aiming at elucidating the mechanism of bile transport through the CBD as well as at characterizing a normal electrocholedochogram that could act as a standard for the pathologic conditions. After opening the abdomen under anesthesia and ...
Herpin T F - - 1998
A Lead Discovery Library of piperazine-2-carboxamide derivatives was produced for general screening. This paper discloses two novel solid phase synthetic routes used to produce 15,000 single compounds via the Irori directed sorting technique. Computational methods such as reagent clustering and library profiling were used to maximize reagent diversity and optimize ...
Behrens S - - 1997
The upper limit of vulnerability (ULV) has been used in clinical studies to predict the DFT in patients with ICDs. Despite the ULV-DFT correlation, uncertainties about the optimal timing of the ULV determination remain. Previous studies using monophasic or biphasic shock waveforms reported differences in the ULV timing with respect ...
Arranz A - - 1997
Several voltammetric techniques were used to explore the reductive behaviour of the antihypertensive agent doxazosin on a bare carbon paste (CPE) and a Tenax-modified carbon paste electrode (TMCPE). The results indicate that the process is irreversible and fundamentally controlled by adsorption, which allows doxazosin to be accumulated at the electrode ...
Sato Y - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: In the current operation of automated external defibrillators, substantial time may be consumed for a "hands off" interval during which precordial compression is discontinued to allow for automated rhythm analyses before delivery of the electric countershock. The effects of such a pause on the outcomes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation were ...
Caterine M R - - 1997
STUDY OBJECTIVE: In transthoracic defibrillation, the American Heart Association (AHA) recommends wide separation of electrodes and avoidance of gel smearing between electrodes. Few data support this recommendation. Our objective was to determine the importance of electrode placement and gel-application technique on transcardiac defibrillation current and the effect of changes caused ...
Wu G G Department of Medical Laboratory Science and Technology, Huddinge University Hospital, - - 1997
Using standardised concentric needle electrodes 170 single units were recorded from myelinated cutaneous afferents in the human median or ulnar nerves. The unitary waveforms were of four types: single-peaked monophasic potentials (type I), double-peaked monophasic potentials (type II), biphasic potentials (type III) and triphasic potentials (type IV). Type II and ...
Mouchawar G A - - 1997
Pectorally implanted ICDs that defibrillate with the RV electrode and the ICD housing have gained clinical acceptance. However, it is still debatable whether adding an SVC electrode connected to the housing will further reduce the threshold of defibrillation (DFT). This study utilized eight pigs. DFTs were measured with a 50 ...
Luzietti R - - 1997
The aim of the European Community Multicentre Trial on Fetal ECG Analysis During Labour was to collect a clinical database of electrocardiograms on which the different patterns of ST waveform and time interval changes, so far identified, could be studied. The aim of this paper was to study the PR-RR ...
Brewer J E - - 1996
ICDs must sense R waves over a range of amplitudes without sensing P or T waves. Automatic threshold control (ATC) is an accepted sensing method for that task. ATC sensing levels are from 25%-75% of the electrogram (EGM) peak, decreasing with an exponential decay. A high sensing level for a ...
Sweeney R J - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Measurements of refractory period extension by shocks during ventricular pacing at fast rates predict that all tissue should be refractory for a brief interval after shocks during fibrillation. This study experimentally determined whether a refractory interval was present just after a shock during fibrillation. METHODS AND RESULTS: In pentobarbital-anesthetized ...
Behrens S - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Biphasic waveforms defibrillate more effectively than monophasic waveforms; however, the mechanism remains unknown. The "upper-limit-of-vulnerability" hypothesis of defibrillation suggests that unsuccessful defibrillation is due to reinduction of ventricular fibrillation (VF). Thus, VF induction mechanisms may be important for the understanding of defibrillation mechanisms. We therefore compared myocardial VF vulnerability ...
Hwang C - - 1996
This study was designed to test the hypothesis that protective zones appear recurrently at the initiation of ventricular fibrillation (VF) and that when shocks are delivered during protective zones, there can be a decrease in the defibrillation energy requirement. A total of 12 open-chest dogs were studied. Six dogs were ...
Murakawa Y - - 1996
This study was performed to test whether heart-to-heart variability of defibrillation efficacy is attributable to differences in postshock refractory state of nondepolarized myocardium. In 30 anesthetized dogs, a localized potential gradient was created using 1-16 V of stimulus across a pair of platinum plate electrodes on the right ventricle (5-mm ...
Lammers W J - - 1996
High resolution electrical mapping in the gastrointestinal system entails recording from a large number of extracellular electrodes simultaneously. It allows the collection of signals from 240 individual sites which are then amplified, filtered, digitized, multiplexed and stored on tape. After recording, periods of interest can be analysed and the original ...
Swerdlow C D - - 1996
For defibrillation between right ventricular and retropectoral patch electrodes using truncated exponential pulses, the stored energy defibrillation threshold (DFT) is lower for short pulses from small 60-microF capacitors than for conventional pulses from 120-microF capacitors, but 60-microF pulses frequently require higher voltages than are currently used. The goal of this ...
Shimizu W - - 1996
Body surface mapping was recorded during T wave alternans in two patients with idiopathic long QT syndrome. Eighty-seven lead ECGs of two consecutive beats during T wave alternans demonstrated that alternating changes in the morphology and polarity of the T wave existed mainly in the left frontal chest. The QRST ...
Kirchhof P F - - 1996
INTRODUCTION: The induction of ventricular fibrillation (VF) by T-wave shocks has been related to dispersion of repolarisation, but only indirect evidence of this hypothesis exists. The effects of drugs prolonging repolarisation like d-sotalol on the vulnerability to T-wave shocks remain unknown. METHODS: In 9 isolated rabbit heart, 7 monophasic action ...
Hidden-Lucet F - - 1996
The purpose of the current study was to characterize the effects of transvenous ICD shocks on myocardial impedance. Rather than recording impedance during shocks, it was measured during continuous pacing in order to minimize confounding effects such as electrode polarization. Pacing impedance (reflecting the combined impedances of the electrode-tissue interface, ...
Honig P K - - 1996
A prospective cohort study was conducted to examine the effects of double-strength grapefruit juice on the pharmacokinetics and electrocardiographic repolarization pharmacodynamics of terfenadine in poor metabolizers of terfenadine. Six healthy volunteers who were previously found to be poor metabolizers of terfenadine were studied, with each participant serving as his or ...
Platt S B - - 1996
T wave alternans that is visually apparent on the ECG is a known risk factor for sudden death in idiopathic long QT syndrome (LQTS). To determine if occult and visually undetectable forms of T wave alternans are also present in LQTS, we measured T wave alternans from a 16-year-old girl ...
Kergoat H - - 1997
Although the effects of physical exertion on intraocular pressure and systemic blood pressure are well established, the retinal response to such physiologic stress has not been examined. We studied the effect of short-term intense exercise on the principal waves in the scotopic and photopic flash electroretinograms, as well as the ...
Albrecht P - - 1996
Despite significant advances in the treatment of sudden cardiac death, many individuals still go untreated because routine clinical tests do not identify them to be at risk. Recently, a study to identify individuals at risk has shown that the presence of T wave alternans (TWA), a fluctuation in T wave ...
Block M - - 1995
For most nonthoracotomy defibrillation lead systems, the transvenous anode can positioned independently of the right ventricular (RV) cathode. Usually a vertical position in the superior vena cava (SVC) is chosen. However, it is unknown if this position yields the optimal defibrillation threshold (DFT). Therefore, in 15 patients undergoing defibrillator implantation ...
Kirkali Z - - 1995
PURPOSE: Although extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is known to cause pathologic changes in various organs, little is known about its effects on the ureter, the target organ in ESWL of ureteral stones in situ. In this study, we sought to determine the short-term effects of ESWL on the ureter. ...
Wong V A - - 1995
Qualitative defects and resistances in 94 used gold foil electrodes were examined. The electrodes were divided into four groups of varying resistances and gold coating defects. Ten were randomly selected from each group to measure standard photopic electroretinograms (ERGs) in a normal subject. Ten new electrodes were used as controls. ...
Zhou X - - 1995
To study the optical transmembrane potential change (delta F) induced during shocks, optical recordings were obtained in 15 isolated perfused rabbit hearts treated with the potentiometric dye di-4-ANEPPS and diacetyl monoxime. Shock electrodes were sutured on the right and left ventricles. A laser beam 30 microns in diameter was used ...
Riga E - - 1995
Syngamus trachea, the gape nematode, has been used as a model to study the chemosensory function of amphids. Extracellular electrophysiological recordings were performed directly on amphids. The amphids were stimulated by blood serum from a host bird and by D-tryptophan. The spike frequency produced by the amphid increased significantly after ...
Callans D J - - 1995
INTRODUCTION: The sensing performance of transvenous lead systems may be adversely affected by the delivery of high-energy shocks. This may be due to the proximity of the sensing and energy-delivery electrodes on transvenous leads. METHODS AND RESULTS: The time required for detection of ventricular fibrillation and redetection after a failed ...
McLaughlin N B - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To undertake a quantitative assessment of different automatic QT measurement techniques and investigate the influence of electrocardiogram filtering and algorithm parameters. DESIGN: Four methods for identifying the end of the T wave were compared: (1) threshold crossing of the T wave (TH); (2) threshold crossing of the differential of ...
Vein A - - 1995
The effects of aspirin on the contingent negative variation (CNV) of 16 healthy, right-handed volunteers were studied in accordance with a placebo-controlled double-blind crossover design. Early and late CNV factors were measured. Aspirin caused a statistically significant decrease of the early wave and an increase of mean amplitude of the ...
Bezerianos A. - - 1995
In recent years there has been an increasing number of papers in the literature, applying the methods and techniques of Nonlinear Dynamics to the time series of electrical activity in normal electrocardiograms (ECGs) of various human subjects. Most of these studies are based primarily on correlation dimension estimates, and conclude ...
Ginther O J - - 1995
Folliculogenesis was studied daily in 16 interovulatory intervals in 5 Polypay ewes from mid February through April using transrectal ultrasonic imaging. The 3-mm follicles attaining > or = 5 mm on Days--1 (ovulation=Day 0) to 11 showed significant peak numbers on Days 0, 5 and 10. The number of 3- ...
Singer I - - 1995
The conventional electrode configuration of current internal defibrillation systems most commonly use superior vena caval (SVC) or combined SVC and subcutaneous (SC) electrodes as anode, and right ventricular apex (RVA) electrode as cathode. We have demonstrated earlier that the septal mass is important for defibrillation. The purpose of the present ...
Traversa R - - 1995
We studied N20 and N30 waves of Somatosensory Evoked Potentials from median nerve stimulation in different pharmacological conditions. N30 wave amplitude was decreased in 33 parkinsonians without therapy in comparison with a group of age-matched normal subjects. In a group of 19 parkinsonians, N30 wave amplitude was significantly augmented during ...
Niioka T - - 1995
An electrocardiogram (ECG) monitoring system has been developed and evaluated in normal volunteers (n = 7) and patients with various cardiac diseases (n = 24) in a 1.9 tesla magnet during magnetic resonance spectroscopy studies. To minimize an ECG signal path, and thus to reduce motion-related artifacts on the ECG ...
Schijvenaars B J - - 1995
The performance of four methods for interpolation of body surface potential maps (BSPMs) for different electrode grid densities was assessed. This study is part of a research project on the influence of the variability of 12-lead electrocardiograms on computer interpretation due to small electrode position changes. Interpolated BSPMs can be ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >