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Results 301 - 350 of 632
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Nottin S - - 2006
Pulse wave velocity measurement is used as an index of arterial stiffness. The purpose was to evaluate the reproducibility of pulse wave velocity measurement at rest, during exercise and recovery from exercise, using an automated device. Twelve healthy young adults (mean age 22.0 +/- 3.1 yrs) underwent an upright submaximal ...
Aizawa Yoshiyasu - - 2006
Although catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is associated with fatal ventricular arrhythmias and sudden death, the ECG findings are not fully understood. In this paper, we report on alterations in the U-wave. Seven patients from 6 families with CPVT in which bidirectional tachycardia and polymorphic VT were induced by exercise ...
Chattipakorn Nipon - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Ventricular fibrillation (VF) can be induced when a strong shock is delivered during the vulnerable period of a cardiac cycle. VF, however, cannot be induced if the shock strength is increased to the "upper limit of vulnerability" (ULV) level. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) has been shown to prevent the occurrence ...
Greene Barry R - - 2006
An investigation of changes in the neonatal electrocardiogram (ECG) and respiration signals from labelled seizure data for five neonatal patient records is reported. A decrease during seizure of 5.70% in the mean RR-interval was found. The mean respiration rate per epoch was found to decrease by a mean 18.44% during ...
McAllister Wallace R - - 2006
Subjects in six experimental groups (n = 16 each) received one-trial passive avoidance (PA) training in which shock was delivered upon movement from a white wooden floor compartment to a black grid compartment. Then fear was extinguished (30 min) in the black compartment. After either 24 or 168 h, all ...
Onuaguluchi Gilbert - - 2006
The electrocardiographic (ECG) profile of oral piperazine citrate was determined in healthy volunteers. Piperazine caused reduction in heart rate in all the subjects. The highest percentage of change was 15.7. The average pretreatment (73.6+/-6.59 beats/min) when compared with the heart rate 1 hour after piperazine was administered (64.6+/-5.21 beats/min) was ...
Tanskanen Jarno M A - - 2006
Independent component analysis (ICA) of measured signals yields the independent sources, given certain fulfilled requirements. Properly parameterized signals provide a better view to the considered system aspects, while reducing the amount of data. It is little acknowledged that appropriately parameterized signals may be subjected to ICA, yielding independent components (ICs) ...
Ghanem Raja N - - 2006
Body surface Laplacian mapping localizes cardiac activity and provides more detailed distributions compared to body surface potential mapping. Systematic comparison of the performance of bipolar and Laplacian ECGs during noise has not been performed. To determine whether Laplacian ECGs (2.5 cm diameter concentric rings) can reduce noise (myopotential and motion ...
Vehkaoja Antti T - - 2006
A miniature wireless node for ECG measurements is presented. The ECG node is designed to be used in various applications including measurement of heart rate during physical exercise and continuous long term measurement of ECG for people assumed having, or being recovering from a cardiac disease. The ECG node is ...
Tran Quan T QT University of Queensland , Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of three different weight training protocols, that varied in the way training volume was measured, on acute muscular fatigue. Ten resistance-trained males performed all three protocols which involved dynamic constant resistance exercise of the elbow flexors. Protocol A provided a ...
Huang Damin - - 2005
Today, radio-frequency ablation has been shown to be a safe and effective method to treat paroxysmal tachycardia with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. The many criteria reported for localizing the sites of accessory pathways from a 12-lead electrocardiogram have not proven adequate to differentiate the correct sites of accessory pathways for all situations. ...
Josephsen Gary D - - 2005
This is a report of the adaptation of microwave processing in the preparation of liver biopsies for transmission electron microscopy (TEM) to examine ultrastructural damage of mitochondria in the setting of metabolic stress. Hemorrhagic shock was induced in pigs via 35% total blood volume bleed and a 90-min period of ...
Rahimi Rahman R Department of Physical Education and Sports Science, Razi University , Kermanshah, - - 2005
The purpose of this research was to compare effect 3 different rest intervals on the squat volume completed during a workout. Twenty college-aged men volunteered to participate in this study (age 20.73 ± 2.60 years; body mass 80.73 ± 10.80 kg). All subjects performed 3 testing sessions, during which 4 ...
Kay Bartholomew B Massey University , Institute of Food, Nutrition, and Human Health, Palmerston North, New - - 2005
This investigation assessed the effects of immediate or delayed re-hydration post-exercise, on mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) and on blood plasma volume (PV) expansion post-exercise. It was hypothesised that fluid ingestion would raise MAP and attenuate PV expansion. On two occasions separated by seven days, eight males (age 20.4 ± ...
Madias John E - - 2006
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether change in the patients' position during the electrocardiogram (ECG) recording alters the various components of the ECG curve. Concerns whether ECGs in medically compromised patients recorded in a sitting position should be considered "standard" tracings and whether ECGs recorded in the ...
Xia Yunlong - - 2005
The ECG interval from the peak to the end of the T wave (Tpeak-Tend) has been used as an index of transmural dispersion of ventricular repolarization (DVR). The correlation between the Tpeak-Tend interval and the global DVR, however, has not been well-evaluated. METHODS: Monophasic action potentials (MAPs) were recorded from ...
Sackner Marvin A - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine if a 3-min bout of moderately intensive supine bicycle exercise, whole-body periodic acceleration (pGz), and passive motorized cycling cause nitric oxide (NO) release into the circulation, as detected by dicrotic notch descent on the diastolic limb of a finger pulse wave. PARTICIPANTS: Fourteen healthy adults underwent ...
Nirmalan Mahesh - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The transpulmonary thermal dilution technique has been widely adopted for monitoring cardiac preload and extravascular lung water in critically ill patients. This method assumes intrathoracic blood volume (ITBV) to be a fixed proportion of global end-diastolic volume (GEDV). This study determines the relation between GEDV and ITBV under normovolemic ...
Winful Herbert G - - 2005
Recent papers suggest that tunneling wave packets traverse the region of allowed propagation between two potential barriers with superluminal group velocity and in a time independent of barrier separation. This phenomenon has been termed the "generalized Hartman effect" and extended to multiple barriers. Here we show that this delay time ...
Davids Jennifer S - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether participation in an outpatient cardiac rehabilitation (OCR) program increases exercise levels and decreases shocks in patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs). DESIGN: Retrospective comparative survey. SETTING: University tertiary-care ICD clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with ICDs and coronary artery disease. INTERVENTION: Participation in OCR (nonrandomized). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Exercise ...
Dunbar Christopher C - - 2005
Standard electrocardiographic criteria for exercise testing require near maximal exertion and fail to detect ischemia in the presence of previous infarction or conduction or repolarization abnormalities, in women, or in the presence of certain drugs. Changes in P-wave morphology have been suggested as having diagnostic utility; however, no specific criteria ...
Tardie Gregory B GB Human Performance - - 2005
Pectus excavatum (PE) is a relatively common congenital deformity of the anterior chest wall associated with reduced exercise capacity. Uncertainty exists over the nature of physiologic impairment in PE. Evidence suggests that myocardial compression exerted by the displaced sternum on the right heart chambers, disables the ability of the heart ...
Callihan J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Ventricular-fibrillation (VF) wave frequency is known to decrease with prolonged, untreated VF. VF wave frequency is used as an algorithm to identify VF in AEDs and ICDs; yet the nature of the frequency change is not appreciated. METHODS: In this study, anesthetized pigs were used and VF was induced ...
Kay Bartholomew B Waikato Institute of Technology, School of Sport and Exercise Science , Hamilton, New - - 2005
The effects of two volumes (1.5 L or 3.0 L) of commercially available electrolyte beverage (1.44 mM·L(-1) Na(+)) taken during a 24-hour recovery period post-exercise, on plasma volume (PV) expansion 24-hours post-exercise were assessed. A simple random-order crossover research design was used. Subjects (n = 9 males: age 21 ± ...
Berbari Edward J - - 2005
For generations of electrocardiogram (ECG) analysis, the presence of premature ventricular beats (PVBs) has been characterized as a common event in the ECG without regard to the mechanism which has caused the PVB in the first place. At best, the coupling interval with the preceding sinus beat may be noted. ...
Arya Arash - - 2005
Studies analyzing the diagnostic value of 12-lead electrocardiographic criteria differentiating slow-fast atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) from atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia (AVRT) due to concealed accessory pathway have shown inconsistent results. In 97 patients (50 with AVNRT, 47 with AVRT) 12-lead electrocardiograms (ECGs) were recorded during sinus rhythm and tachycardia (QRS ...
Crookes Bruce A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Our recent experimental study showed that peripheral muscle tissue oxygen saturation (StO2), determined noninvasively by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), was more reliable than systemic hemodynamics or invasive oxygenation variables as an index of traumatic shock. The purpose of this study was to establish the normal range of thenar muscle StO2 ...
Tsui Ban C H - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In the neonate, umbilical venous catheters (UVC) are inserted and advanced blindly to a predetermined length from the umbilicus. The reported rates for UVC misplacement into the liver (and occasionally the spleen) range from 20 to 37%. Radiographs are routinely used to confirm the positioning of UVCs. This involves ...
Madias John E - - 2005
Nine patients aged 76.2 +/- 8.0 years, 3 males and 6 females, who had suffered anasarca due to various illnesses, and had bundle branch block (BBB) or intraventricular conduction delays (IVCD) on admission (3 with complete left BBB [LBBB], 2 with incomplete LBBB, 2 with complete right BBB, and 2 ...
Spencer Nick J - - 2005
DiI (1,1'didodecyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethylindocarbecyanine perchlorate) retrograde labelling and intracellular electrophysiological techniques were used to investigate the mechanisms underlying the generation of spontaneously occurring colonic migrating myoelectric complexes (colonic MMCs) in mice. In isolated, intact, whole colonic preparations, simultaneous intracellular electrical recordings were made from pairs of circular muscle (CM) cells during colonic ...
Childs Ed W - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Hypothermia is a frequent manifestation after trauma-induced hemorrhagic shock. Clinical studies have suggested that hypothermia is an independent risk variable predisposing patients to an increase in morbidity. Thus, most of the current goal-directed resuscitation protocols are aimed at the establishment of euthermia. However, recent data suggest that hypothermia may ...
Wiese Scott R - - 2005
We degraded electrocardiographic electrodes by exposing them to air for four days and evaluated them on 12 subjects. After application, we recorded the electrocardiogram (including motion artifact), missed QRS detections and electrode impedance during 5 min of arm and body movements. Missed QRS detections increased with electrode impedance but correlation ...
Kim Kyeong-Seop - - 2005
This study investigates the possibility of using the normalized time-domain features of Electrocardiogram (ECG) for improving the capability of human identification. For this purpose, we measured lead-1 rest ECG (normal heart rate) and physically active one (fast heart rate) from the pre-selected group. The characteristic points on the ECG waveform, ...
Schroeder Joseph A - - 2005
The Indian herb Gymnema sylvestre has been used in traditional Ayurvedic medicine for 2000 years, most recently for the treatment of diabetes. Loose leaf Gymnema sylvestre can be prepared as a tea and will impair the ability to taste sugar by blocking sweet receptors on the tongue. This report describes ...
Fukai Natasha - - 2005
The present study investigated body position effects on transient evoked otoacoustic emission (TEOAE) recordings of clinical significance. Sixty adults (30 males, 30 females) were assessed using the Otodynamics ILO88 Analyzer in three positions (sitting, supine, and side-lying). Results indicated significant positional effects on the TEOAE parameters of A-B difference, noise, ...
Guo Ziying - - 2005
Bismuth film electrode (BiFE) was shown to be an attractive alternative to common mercury film electrode (MFE) for anodic stripping voltammetric measurements. In this study, bismuth film, that was in situ deposited onto glassy carbon electrode, was used to detect zinc content of milkvetch, used in traditional Chinese medicine. Variables ...
Moore Ryan R - - 2004
The first example of using an edge plane pyrolytic graphite electrode in electroanalysis is reported as the determination of homocysteine, N-acetylcysteine, cysteine and glutathione is studied. The response of the electrode in the direct oxidation of thiol moieties is explored and found to be electrocatalytic producing a reduction in the ...
Ding Yongsheng - - 2004
Determination of neomycin is important for quality control of the pharmaceutical preparation. A quadruple-potential waveform used for pulsed amperometric detection of neomycin was investigated. The waveform cleans the electrode by application of a potential more negative than the potential limit to avoid the formation of gold oxide during applying positive ...
Shimazaki Yoshihiro - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have suggested a relationship between periodontitis and cardiovascular disease (CVD). This study investigated the relationship between periodontitis and electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities, which are known predictors of CVD. METHODS: We examined the periodontal status of 1,111 residents of Hisayama Town, Fukuoka, Japan. Nine hundred fifty-seven (957) subjects (374 ...
Cándido Antonio - - 2004
In one experiment half of the animals were trained to avoid a signaled footshock by jumping (30 or 160 trials), whereas the rest of the animals received the same events as yoked. For all of them the termination of the warning signal and of the shock was followed by a ...
Pak Hui-Nam - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: We previously demonstrated that wavefront synchronization by spatiotemporal excitable gap pacing (Sync P) is effective at facilitating spontaneous termination of ventricular fibrillation (VF). Therefore, we hypothesized that a spatiotemporally controlled defibrillation (STCD) strategy using defibrillation shocks preceded by Sync P can improve defibrillation efficacy. METHOD AND RESULTS: We explored ...
Sharifov Oleg F - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Intramural virtual electrodes (IVEs) are believed to play an important role in defibrillation, but their existence in intact myocardium remains unproven. Here, IVEs were detected by use of optical recordings of shock-induced transmembrane potential (V(m)) changes (DeltaV(m)) measured from the intact epicardial heart surface. METHODS AND RESULTS: To detect ...
Mutlu Gökhan M - - 2004
Vasopressin is a potent vasopressor for improving organ perfusion during septic shock. The rationale for the use of vasopressin is its relative deficiency of plasma levels and hypersensitivity to its vasopressor effects during septic shock. Growing evidence suggests that low-dose (<0.04 U/min) vasopressin is safe and effective for the treatment ...
Guo Wei - - 2004
A new method for the determination of diazepam was proposed based on its polarographic catalytic wave in the presence of persulfate. In 0.20 M NaAc-HAc (pH 4.7)-1.0 x 10(-2) M K(2)S(2)O(8) supporting electrolyte, the reduction wave of diazepam with peak potential -0.89 V (versus SCE) was catalyzed, producing a parallel ...
Berntson Gary G - - 2004
The onset of ventricular depolarization defines the start of the preejection period (PEP), which is commonly used as an index of myocardial contractility and sympathetic control of the heart. Although the fiducial point for this onset has traditionally been the onset of the Q wave of the electrocardiogram, other measurement ...
Burger Joanna - - 2004
In this paper, we report the use of young herring gulls, Larus argentatus, to examine the effect of lead and exercise on endurance, performance, and learning on a treadmill. Eighty 1-day-old herring gull chicks were randomly assigned to either a control group or a lead treatment group that received a ...
Lee Myeong Soo - - 2004
Meridian theory is an important part of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Although acupuncture has been accepted in many countries, the nature of the meridian theory and the principles of acupuncture are still unclear in the modern scientific view. The purpose of this study was to determine the differences in wave ...
Jiang Shiqin - - 2004
A computational study of a magneto-electrocardiogram (magneto-ECG) and a correlative locus of the total current dipole vector map are presented. Unlike the ordinary electrocardiogram (ECG), the magneto-ECG is the solution to the inverse problem of electrocardiograph), which is calculated with the magnetic field signals recorded at 36 locations of a ...
Brisinda D - - 2004
The morphology and range of duration of the action potential (AP) in normal Wistar rat's (WR) myocyte markedly differ from those of guinea pigs (GP), whose plateau (phase 2) duration is longer. Thus a clear-cut T wave can be easy defined in GP but not in WR. Aim of this ...
Basar M Murad - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy (ESWL) applied to the pelvic region on testicular histology and spermatogenesis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: ESWL (2000 shock waves over a 20-min period at 18 kV) was applied to 12 adult New Zealand male rabbits. The rabbits were divided into three equal ...
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