Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 715
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Connes Philippe - - 2012
The present review focuses on the past and recent knowledge in the field of exercise hemorheology and presents some unresolved issues for opening discussion. Acute exercise is associated with a rise in hematocrit which results in an increase in blood viscosity. Whereas increased blood viscosity was previously viewed as having ...
Lodo L - - 2012
The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between the total volume of load lifted (TVLL) and the rating of perceived exertion (RPE) measures during different resistance training (RT) schemes using the bench press exercise. The present study was divided into two experiments. In the first experiment, 18 ...
Laveneziana Pierantonio - - 2012
Sixteen patients with stable asthma performed a symptom-limited constant work-rate CWR cycle exercise during which breathing pattern, operating lung volumes, dyspnea intensity and its qualitative descriptors were measured. An inflection in the relation between tidal volume (VT) and ventilation (V˙E) was observed in each subject. The sense of "work/effort" was ...
Kato David J - - 2012
PURPOSE:: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressively debilitating disease, which, over time, may compromise patient ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL). The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between selected parameters of physical fitness and performance of ADL in COPD patients. METHODS:: A ...
Lopez Rebecca M - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of superficial cooling on thermoregulatory responses while exercising in a hot, humid environment while wearing an American football uniform. Nine male and female subjects wore a superficial cooling garment while in a cooling (CS) experimental condition or a no ...
McRae Gill - - 2012
The current study evaluated changes in aerobic fitness and muscular endurance following endurance training and very low volume, whole-body, high-intensity, interval-style aerobic-resistance training. Subjects' enjoyment and implementation intentions were also examined prior to and following training. Subjects (22 recreationally active females (20.3 ± 1.4 years)) completed 4 weeks of exercise training 4 days per ...
Hackett Daniel A - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Bodybuilding involves performing a series of poses on stage where the competitor is judged on aesthetic muscular appearance. The purpose of this study was to describe training practices and ergogenic aids used by competitive bodybuilders, and to determine whether training practices comply with current recommendations for muscular hypertrophy. A ...
Scheewe Thomas W - - 2012
The objective of this study was to examine exercise effects on global brain volume, hippocampal volume, and cortical thickness in schizophrenia patients and healthy controls. Irrespective of diagnosis and intervention, associations between brain changes and cardiorespiratory fitness improvement were examined. Sixty-three schizophrenia patients and fifty-five healthy controls participated in this ...
Guo Yinghua - - 2013
There is evidence to suggest that microgravity/weightlessness can induce changes in lung physiology/function. We hypothesized that microgravity, induced by head-down bed rest (HDBR), would induce changes in lung function and that exercise training with artificial gravity (AG) would prevent these changes from occurring. Twelve participants were randomly assigned to a ...
Isaksen Kjetil - - 2012
Indications for implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) have been widened considerably during the last decade due to the well-documented effect in the heart failure population. Exercise training (ET) has a 1A recommendation in heart failure. However, data on safety and efficacy of ET in patients with ICDs is sparse. ICD shocks ...
Zlebnik Natalie E - - 2012
Concurrent access to an exercise wheel decreases cocaine self-administration under short access (5 h/day for 5 days) conditions and suppresses cocaine-primed reinstatement in adult rats. The effect of exercise (wheel running) on the escalation of cocaine intake during long access (LgA, 6 h/day for 26 days) conditions was evaluated. Adolescent ...
Degeling Chris - - 2012
Risk factors associated with canine obesity include the amount of walking a dog receives. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between canine exercise requirements, socio-demographic factors, and dog-walking behaviors in winter in Calgary. Dog owners, from a cross-sectional study which included a random sample of adults, ...
Menon Shaji C - - 2012
In repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), exercise test parameters like peak oxygen uptake and ventilatory efficiency predict mortality. Studies have also suggested cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR)-derived right ventricular (RV) size threshold values for pulmonary valve replacement in repaired TOF. However, effects of proposed RV size on exercise capacity and morbidity ...
Givan Gordon V - - 2012
Time allowing, euhydration can be achieved in the vast majority of individuals by drinking and eating normal beverages and meals. Important to the competitive athlete is prevention and treatment of dehydration and exercise-associated muscle cramps, as they are linked to a decline in athletic performance. Intravenous (IV) prehydration and rehydration ...
Tsampoukos Antonios A a School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences , Loughborough University , Loughborough , - - 2014
Abstract It is currently unknown whether any changes in plasma volume (PV) after sprint running are inherent to sprint running per se or are due to other confounding factors such as changes in posture. The purpose of the present study was to examine the independent effects of sprint running on ...
Hackett Daniel A DA Discipline of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Sydney , - - 2012
This study investigated the effect of a high-volume compared to a low-volume resistance training session on maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) and maximal expiratory pressure (MEP). Twenty male subjects with resistance training experience (6.2 ± 3.2 y), in a crossover trial, completed two resistance training protocols (high-volume: 5 sets per exercise; ...
Kokkinos Peter - - 2012
A plethora of epidemiologic evidence from large studies supports unequivocally an inverse, independent, and graded association between volume of physical activity, health, and cardiovascular and overall mortality. This association is evident in apparently healthy individuals, patients with hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular disease, regardless of body weight. Moreover, ...
Flanagan Shawn D SD Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA. - - 2012
Cortical activity is thought to reflect the biomechanical properties of movement (e.g., force or velocity of movement), but fatigue and movement familiarity are important factors that require additional consideration in electrophysiological research. The purpose of this within-group quantitative electroencephalogram (EEG) investigation was to examine changes in cortical activity amplitude and ...
Gelen Ertugrul E Sakarya University, School of Physical Education and Sport , Sakarya, - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to compare the acute effects of static stretching; dynamic exercises and high volume upper extremity plyometric activity on tennis serve performance. Twenty-six elite young tennis players (15.1 ± 4.2 years, 167.9 ± 5.8 cm and 61.6 ± 8.1 kg) performed 4 different warm-up (WU) ...
Koeken Yvette Y Department of Biomedical Engineering, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands. - - 2012
The Fontan palliation was introduced as surgical repair method for tricuspid atresia, creating a univentricular serial circulation. However, it is used as treatment for other life threatening complex congenital heart diseases as well. The variation of underlying pathologies treated with this palliation makes optimization difficult. To assist the optimization process, ...
Mairer Klemens - - 2012
Acute mountain sickness (AMS) is a common condition among non-acclimatized individuals ascending to high altitude. However, the underlying mechanisms causing the symptoms of AMS are still unknown. It has been suggested that AMS is a mild form of high-altitude cerebral edema both sharing a common pathophysiological mechanism. We hypothesized that ...
Sable Meenakshi - - 2012
In the present study pulmonary function tests of two different groups of athletes, swimmers and runners were studied and compared. Thirty swimmers who used to swim a distance of two to three kilometers per day regularly were compared with age, sex, height, and weight matched thirty middle distance runners. Runners ...
Tudor-Locke Catrine - - 2012
Accumulated evidence supports the promotion of structured exercise for treating prediabetes and preventing Type 2 diabetes. Unfortunately, contemporary societal changes in lifestyle behaviors (occupational, domestic, transportation, and leisure-time) have resulted in a notable widespread deficiency of non-exercise physical activity (e.g., ambulatory activity undertaken outside the context of purposeful exercise) that ...
Yasuda Tomohiro - - 2012
We investigated the acute and chronic effects of low-intensity concentric or eccentric resistance training with blood flow restriction (BFR) on muscle size and strength. Ten young men performed 30% of concentric one repetition maximal dumbbell curl exercise (four sets, total 75 reps) 3 days/week for 6 weeks. One arm was ...
Marios Tracy T Faculty of Health Science and Medicine, Bond University , - - 2012
We used tele-monitoring to attempt to improve exercise adherence (number of hours of exercise completed), peak VO2, HbA1c% and quality of life in an unsupervised, home based exercise program in people with type II diabetes, a cost analysis was also conducted. Thirty-nine patients with type II diabetes were randomized to ...
Passier L - - 2012
An acoustic neuroma (also known as a vestibular schwannoma) is an intracranial tumour of the vestibular nerve that is commonly treated by surgical resection. Following resection of an acoustic neuroma, patients may experience a range of symptoms that include deficits in gaze stability, mobility and balance. Vestibular rehabilitation may be ...
Beeh Kai M - - 2012
Exercise limitation, dynamic hyperinflation, and exertional dyspnea are key features of symptomatic chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We assessed the effects of glycopyrronium bromide (NVA237), a once-daily, long-acting muscarinic antagonist, on exercise tolerance in patients with moderate to severe COPD. Patients were randomized to a cross-over design of once-daily NVA237 ...
Balducci Stefano - - 2012
While current recommendations on exercise type and volume have strong experimental bases, there is no clear evidence from large-sized studies indicating whether increasing training intensity provides additional benefits to subjects with type 2 diabetes. To compare the effects of moderate-to-high intensity (HI) versus low-to-moderate intensity (LI) training of equal energy ...
Drenowatz Clemens - - 2013
Abstract Several studies have examined energy expenditure in various sports but there is a lack of research on the contribution of exercise and habitual activity during different training periods. This study examined changes in total daily energy expenditure (TDEE) and its components during high- and low-volume training periods. Further, changes ...
Delage A - - 2011
In late stage chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, emphysema can worsen respiratory symptoms, not only via the loss of surface for gas exchange, but also via alterations in mechanical properties of the respiratory system (dynamic and static hyperinflation). Emphysematous lung volume reduction aims at improving respiratory mechanics and symptomatology in patients ...
Stitely Michael L - - 2011
Introduction: Postpartum hemorrhage is a common complication of vaginal birth. Few midwives have experience in the performance of procedures to manage hemorrhage that fails to respond to initial management with medications and bimanual compression. Methods: A simulation model was constructed by using a half-pelvis birth simulator and a hollowed out ...
Romagnoli Isabella - - 2011
We hypothesised that chest wall displacement inappropriate to increased ventilation contributes to dyspnoea more than dynamic hyperinflation or dyssynchronous breathing during unsupported arm exercise (UAE) in COPD patients. We used optoelectronic plethysmography to evaluate operational volumes of chest wall compartments, the upper rib cage, lower rib cage and abdomen, at ...
Machado Marco - - 2011
The aim of study was to assess the correlation between the changes in serum CK activity after a resistance exercise and renal function measured by glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Twenty-nine trained women (32 ± 10 years; 157 ± 4 cm; 58.8 ± 6.4 kg) performed a resistance exercise session with 17 exercises with 3 × 12 repetitions in a circuit training ...
Poole David C - - 2011
Evolutionary forces drive beneficial adaptations in response to a complex array of environmental conditions. In contrast, over several millennia, humans have been so enamored by the running/athletic prowess of horses and dogs that they have sculpted their anatomy and physiology based solely upon running speed. Thus, through hundreds of generations, ...
Casonatto Juliano - - 2011
Several studies have reported the phenomenon of post-exercise hypotension. However, the factors that cause this drop in blood pressure after a single exercise session are still unknown. To investigate the effects of aerobic exercise on the acute blood pressure response and to investigate the indicators of autonomic activity after exercise. ...
Munih Marko - - 2011
The paper presents the background, main achievements and components of rehabilitation robotics in a simple way, using non-technical terms. The introductory part looks at the development of robotic approaches in the rehabilitation of neurological patients and outlines the principles of robotic device interactions with patients. There follows a section on ...
Rassaf Tienush - - 2010
Hemodynamic monitoring in hospitalized patients is crucial since in clinical practice unexpected deterioration of cardiovascular function (e.g. pulmonary embolism resulting in syncope) remains a serious problem and an important cause of death. Standard pulse oximetrie in low acuity settings is nowadays predominately used to monitor peripheral oxygen saturation. Of note, ...
Minns Alicia B - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate electrocardiograms (ECGs) before and after running a half marathon to characterize the changes that occur after exertion. Echocardiograms were also done postrace on selected runners. Volunteer runners older than 18 years completed a questionnaire detailing demographic and medical history. Prerace ECGs ...
Jayasuriya Cleonie - - 2011
The Brugada syndrome has been described as a genetic disorder involving aborted sudden cardiac death in patients with apparently structurally normal hearts. Exercise has been shown to unmask the electrocardiographic (ECG) findings in this disease; however, this is yet to be validated as a useful testing method. This is a ...
Sheppard James P - - 2011
Limb electrodes for the 12 lead ECG are routinely placed on the torso during exercise stress testing or when limbs are clinically inaccessible. It is unclear whether such electrode modification produces ECG changes in healthy male or female subjects that are clinically important according to the 2009 AHA, ACCF, HRS ...
Kenttä Tuomas - - 2010
BACKGROUND: QRS/T angle and the cosine of the angle between QRS and T-wave vectors (TCRT), measured from standard 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG), have been used in risk stratification of patients. This study assessed the possible rate dependence of these variables during exercise ECG in healthy subjects. METHODS: Forty healthy volunteers, 20 ...
Freeman J - - 2009
The exercise electrocardiogram (ECG) is widely considered the best available test for screening asymptomatic adults without known cardiovascular (CV) disease prior to initiating a vigorous exercise programme due to its prognostic value, widespread availability and low cost. Observational studies have demonstrated an increased relative risk of CV events with positive ...
Takato Tetsuya - - 2009
A 64-year-old man who had been prescribed antihypertensive drugs since 1971 attended our clinic in 1988 with hypertension and electrocardiographic abnormalities. An electrocardiogram revealed left axis deviation (LAD) in 1988 and slightly prolonged PQ intervals in 1993. Complete left bundle branch block (CLBBB) with LAD developed in May 1995. The ...
Gorodeski Eiran Z EZ Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, - - 2009
Currently, the only function of the resting electrocardiogram (ECG) in patients referred for exercise testing is to determine whether imaging is mandated. It is unknown if subtle ECG findings in those patients with clinically normal resting ECGs have prognostic significance. We performed a single-center cohort study of 18,964 patients without ...
Ho Jeffrey D - - 2011
Background: Conducted electrical weapons (CEWs) are used by law enforcement for control of subjects by causing neuromuscular incapacitation. There has been scrutiny of CEWs and their potential role in the occasional sudden death of subjects in custody. There is a hypothesized causal relationship due to induced cardiac dysrhythmia. Previous work ...
Barutcu Irfan - - 2009
Several previous studies suggest that myocardial bridging (MB) is associated with ischemia and rhythm disturbances. We sought to examine exercise-induced changes in P wave duration and dispersion (PWD), the markers of atrial conduction abnormalities in patients with isolated MB of left anterior descending artery (LAD) and control subjects. Eighteen patients ...
Weng Kaili K Faculty of Engineering, University of Technology, Sydney, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia. - - 2009
This study investigates the rate estimation problem encountered in rehabilitation exercise monitoring by using noninvasive portable sensors. The purpose of this paper has two main parts. The first part is to find suitable approaches for the rate detection of tri-axial accelerometer (TA) signals and ECG signals respectively. It is found ...
Senna Gilmar G Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro . Physical Education Post-Graduation Program. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil - - 2009
Rest intervals between sets appear to be an important variable that can directly affect training volume and fatigue. The purpose of the present study was to compare the influence of two and five-minute rest intervals on the number of repetitions per set, per exercise and total repetitions in resistance training ...
Holmqvist Fredrik - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Data on human atrial repolarization are scarce since the QRS complex normally obscures its ECG trace. In the present study, consecutive patients with third-degree AV block were studied to better describe the human Ta wave. METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty patients (mean age 75 years, 17 men) were included. All ...
Miranda Humberto H Institute of Research and Development , Vale do Paraíba University, São José dos Campos, SP, - - 2009
The purpose of the current study was to compare the workout volume (sets x resistance x repetitions per set) completed during two upper body resistance exercise sessions that incorporated 1 minute versus 3 minute rest intervals between sets and exercises. Twelve trained men completed two experimental sessions that consisted of ...
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