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Song Qing-Hua QH The Center of Physical Health, Henan Polytechnic University Jiaozuo 454000, Henan Province, P. R. - - 2014
Observe the improvement effect of different cycles of Tai Chi exercise on the senile respiratory and cardiovascular circulatory function. Select 180 elderly men who don't usually do the fitness exercise and then ask them to do Tai Chi exercise. Test their related indicators respectively prior to exercise and upon exercise ...
Moro-García Marco Antonio MA Immunology Department, Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, 33006 Oviedo, - - 2013
Exercise induces changes in the immune system depending on its intensity and duration. For example, transient states of immunodepression can be induced after acute intense physical activity whereas beneficial anti-inflammatory effects of moderate chronic exercise on many diseases and longevity have been described. To study the impact of high volume ...
Kraft Justin A JA 1Missouri Western State University, Department of Health, Physical Education and Recreation 2University of North Alabama, Department of Health, Physical Education and - - 2013
Session ratings of perceived exertion (SRPE) are sensitive to changes in total work volume and work rate during resistance training. This study examined the influence of work distribution (varied load, set, and repetitions (reps)) on SRPE in two resistance exercise trials matched for total work volume (sets x reps x ...
Frohlich Luiz Felipe LF Postgraduate Studies Program in Pulmonology, School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, - - 2013
Post-infectious bronchiolitis obliterans (PBO) is a chronic lung disease characterized by the persistence of continuous obstructive respiratory symptoms following an acute and severe respiratory infection in children under 3 years old. The purpose of the present study was to investigate if adolescents and adults with diagnosis of PBO have reduced ...
Mendonca Cassandra T CT 1McGill - - 2013
We tested the hypothesis that neuromechanical uncoupling of the respiratory system forms the mechanistic basis of dyspnea during exercise in the setting of "abnormal" restrictive constraints on ventilation (VE). To this end, we examined the effect of chest wall strapping (CWS) sufficient to mimic a 'mild' restrictive lung deficit on ...
Annesi James J - - 2013
A better understanding of interrelations of exercise and improved eating, and their psychosocial correlates of self-efficacy, mood, and self-regulation, may be useful for the architecture of improved weight loss treatments. Theory-based research within field settings, with samples possessing high probabilities of health risks, might enable rapid application of useful findings. ...
Kamandulis S - - 2013
Aim: The study aim was to establish the threshold of stretching volume for flexibility enhancement during physical education lessons in secondary school children. Methods: Subjects were 239 tenth grade children randomly assigned to four groups (boys 107, girls 132, mean age 15.1±0.4). Children involved in after-school sports were not included ...
Schlaffke L - - 2013
Physical exercises and motor skill learning have been shown to induce changes in regional brain morphology, this has been demonstrated for various activities and tasks. Also individuals with special skills show differences in regional brain morphology. This has been indicated for professional musicians, London taxi drivers, as well as for ...
O'Meagher Shamus S The University of Sydney, Faculty of Medicine, Sydney, Australia; Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Department of Cardiology, Sydney, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2013
Pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) is commonly performed late after Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair. We examined the effects of PVR on cardiac structure, function and exercise capacity in adults with repaired TOF. Eighteen adult patients with repaired TOF and severe pulmonary regurgitation (PR) with right ventricular (RV) dilatation requiring PVR ...
Esfandiari Sam - - 2013
This study examined the effects of short-term high-intensity interval training (HIT) and continuous moderate-intensity training (CMT) on cardiac function in young, healthy men. Sixteen previously untrained men (mean age of 25.1 ± 4.1 years) were randomly assigned to HIT and CMT (n = 8 each) and assessed before and after six sessions over a 12-day ...
Freling Hendrik G HG Department of Cardiology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands; Radiology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands; Interuniversity Cardiology Institute of the Netherlands, Utrecht, The - - 2013
Patients with tetralogy of Fallot and combined right ventricular outflow tract obstruction (RVOTO) and pulmonary regurgitation (PR) have a less dilated right ventricular (RV) and better RV function compared with patients without RVOTO. It is not known whether RVOTO is associated with improved exercise capacity. We compared cardiac magnetic resonance ...
Couillard Simon - - 2013
Self-reported respiratory symptoms are poor predictors of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction in athletes. Determine if athletes have an inadequate perception of bronchoconstriction. 130 athletes and 32 non-athletes completed a standardized questionnaire, underwent eucapnic voluntary hyperpnea and methacholine inhalation test. Perception scores were quoted on a modified Borg scale before each spirometry for ...
Schaeffer Michele R - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the physiological mechanisms of sex differences in exertional dyspnea. We compared detailed measures of neural respiratory motor drive (diaphragm EMG expressed as a % of maximal EMGdi [EMGdi%max]), breathing pattern, operating lung volumes, dynamic respiratory mechanics (tidal esophageal [Pes,tidal%peak], and transdiaphragmatic [Pdi,tidal%peak] ...
Forsberg Lena M - - 2013
Abstract Objective: We aimed to investigate if preoperative left ventricular (LV) function assessed by exercise echocardiography could predict late postoperative LV function in aortic regurgitation (AR) patients and to evaluate how LV long axis function is affected late after aortic valve surgery. Design: 21 male chronic AR patients, age 49(12) ...
Taylor Bryan J - - 2013
We asked whether aged adults are more susceptible to exercise-induced pulmonary edema relative to younger individuals. Lung diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO), alveolar-capillary membrane conductance (Dm) and pulmonary-capillary blood volume (Vc) were measured before and after exhaustive discontinuous incremental exercise in 10 young (YNG; 27±3 years) and 10 old ...
Fuss Johannes - - 2013
Recently a larger hippocampus was found in exercising mice and men. Here we studied the morphological underpinnings in wheel running mice by longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging. Voxel-based morphometry revealed that running increases hippocampal volume by inhibiting an early age-related gray matter loss. Disruption of neurogenesis-related neuroplasticity by focalized irradiation is ...
Schneider Joachim - - 2013
Background/Aim: The Global initiative for chronic obstructive lung diseases (GOLD) reports a staging system for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) based on airflow limitations at rest. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is used in surveys to determine the remaining working capacity concerning the degree of disability and the disability benefit payment ...
Sugiura Hiromichi H Department of Physical Therapy, Nagoya Isen, Japan ; Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya University, - - 2013
[PURPOSE] THE AIM OF THIS STUDY WAS TO REVEAL THE EFFECT OF EXPIRATORY MUSCLE FATIGUE (EMF) ON RESPIRATORY RESPONSE UNDER TWO DIFFERENT EXERCISE CONDITIONS: exercise (EX) with EMF (EMF-EX) and control EX without EMF (CON-EX). [Methods] Nine healthy adult men performed cycle exercise with a ramp load, and a spirometer ...
Wibmer Thomas - - 2013
Dynamic hyperinflation is an important target in the treatment of COPD. There is increasing evidence that positive expiratory pressure (PEP) could reduce dynamic hyperinflation during exercise. PEP application through a nasal mask and a flow resistance device might have the potential to be used during daily physical activities as an ...
Jeong Sung-Moon - - 2013
This study assessed effects of head-down-tilt (HDT) bed rest on dynamic cerebral autoregulation (CA) in 21 healthy young adults with volume loading and exercise countermeasures. Of them, 7 underwent an 18 day bed rest without exercise countermeasures (sedentary group). Volume loading with Dextran infusion was performed after bed rest to ...
Steding-Ehrenborg Katarina - - 2013
The effects on left and right ventricular (LV, RV) volumes during physical exercise remains controversial. Furthermore, no previous study has investigated the effects of exercise on longitudinal contribution to stroke volume (SV) and the outer volume variation of the heart. The aim of this study was to determine if LV, ...
Horita Nobuyuki - - 2013
The Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Assessment Test (CAT) is a quality-of-life (QOL) questionnaire that proved to correlate with St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire. Correlations between CAT scores and other COPD parameters have not been thoroughly evaluated in Japanese outpatients. Cross-sectional study of 85 outpatients with COPD at a Japanese community-based ...
Gagliardi Elisa - - 2013
The interrelations among chest wall kinematics (displacement and configuration), ventilatory profile and dyspnea relief following cycle exercise training (EXT) have not been systematically evaluated in hyperinflated chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. We hypothesize that a decrease in ventilation affects dyspnea relief, regardless of the changes in chest wall kinematics ...
Barr Alasdair M - - 2013
Numerous studies have reported that the hippocampus in schizophrenia patients is reduced in volume compared to the normal population. Antipsychotic medications have had mixed benefits in maintaining hippocampal volume or reversing volume loss. Recent evidence indicates that routine aerobic exercise represents a promising intervention for reversing hippocampal loss and cognitive ...
Fujimoto Naoki N University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at - - 2013
Lifelong exercise training maintains a youthful compliance of the left ventricle (LV), whereas a year of exercise training started later in life fails to reverse LV stiffening, possibly because of accumulation of irreversible advanced glycation end products. Alagebrium breaks advanced glycation end product crosslinks and improves LV stiffness in aged ...
Bishop David J - - 2013
While there is agreement that exercise is a powerful stimulus to increase both mitochondrial function and content, we do not know the optimal training stimulus to maximise improvements in mitochondrial biogenesis. This review will focus predominantly on the effects of exercise on mitochondrial function and content, as there is a ...
Steffen Teresa M - - 2013
This report describes the effects of long-term (10 years) participation in a community exercise program for a client with mixed Corticobasal Degeneration (CBD) and Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (PSP) features. The effects of exercise participation on both functional status and brain volume are described. A 60 year old male dentist initially ...
Chan Aileen W K - - 2013
To evaluate the sustaining effects of Tai chi Qigong in improving the physiological health for COPD patients at sixth month. A randomized controlled trial. Subjects were in three randomly assigned groups: Tai chi Qigong group, exercise group, and control group. The 206 subjects were recruited from five general outpatient clinics. ...
Gillen Jenna B JB Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, 1280 Main St. West, Hamilton, ON L8S 4K1, - - 2014
Growing research suggests that high-intensity interval training (HIIT) is a time-efficient exercise strategy to improve cardiorespiratory and metabolic health. "All out" HIIT models such as Wingate-type exercise are particularly effective, but this type of training may not be safe, tolerable or practical for many individuals. Recent studies, however, have revealed ...
Acosta Johanna - - 2013
In patients undergoing corrective surgery for pectus excavatum, there is evidence of improvement in cardiopulmonary function. It is unclear how much of this improvement is attributable to improved chest wall function. Thus, we observed changes in chest wall function in response to an incremental load exercise pre- and postoperatively. Using ...
Majak PaweĊ‚ - - 2013
The exercise challenge test is the gold standard for diagnosing exercise-induced bronchoconstriction; however, it produces negative results in many children with postexercise symptoms. To assess the utility of the area under the expiratory flow-volume curve (Aex) to identify exercise-induced bronchoconstriction in children with asthma. Data from the medical records of ...
Roedler Frauke S - - 2013
Brachycephalic syndrome (BS) is a complex canine disease, which is characterized by diverse clinical signs primarily involving the respiratory and gastrointestinal systems. Through a structured owner questionnaire, the present study investigated how owners perceived the frequency and severity of a broad spectrum of welfare-relevant impairments caused by this hereditary disease. ...
Bartesaghi Manuela - - 2013
We compared by non-invasive technique the adaptive response of alveolar capillary network to edemagenic conditions (exercise and high altitude [HA, PIO2 107mmHg] in subjects with different resting sea level (SL) capillary blood volume (normalized to alveolar volume, Vc/Va): Group1 (N=10, Vc/Va=16.1±6.8ml/L- mean±SD) and Group2 (N=10, Vc/Va=25±7.7). In Group1 Vc/Va remained ...
Frownfelter Donna - - 2013
Thoracolumbosacral orthoses (TLSOs) are effective in their intended purpose of limiting spinal movement but tend to restrict rib cage and abdominal motion. Incorporating an abdominal cutout, allowing abdominal excursion, may reduce the restraint on abdominal expansion associated with inhalation and thereby reduce pulmonary compromise. (1) For healthy adults, does a ...
Vieira Danielle S R - - 2013
Optoelectronic plethysmography(OEP) has been used to measure changes in chest wall volume and its compartments. However, literature lacks research on its reliability. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the intra-rater and inter-rater reliability of OEP. Thirty-two healthy subjects were evaluated at rest and during submaximal exercise on a ...
Martín-Hernández Juan - - 2013
In order to ascertain whether differing structural mechanisms could underlie blood flow restricted training (BFRT) and high intensity training (HIT), this study had two aims: (i) to gain an insight into the acute variations of muscle architecture following a single bout of two different volumes of BFRT, and (ii) to ...
Kruger Stanley J - - 2013
To investigate the utility of hyperpolarized He-3 MRI for detecting regional lung ventilated volume (VV ) changes in response to exercise challenge and leukotriene inhibitor montelukast, human subjects with exercise induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) were recruited. This condition is described by airway constriction following exercise leading to reduced forced expiratory volume ...
Annesi James J - - 2013
Although research indicates that treatment-induced improvements in self-regulation, mood, and self-efficacy significantly predict increased exercise and improved eating, moderation by participants' personal characteristics is largely unknown. Severely obese adults (N = 414; 47% White, 53% African American) volunteered for a behavioral exercise and nutrition treatment and demonstrated significant within-group improvements ...
Marongiu Elisabetta - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to test the contribution of stroke volume in hemodynamic response to muscle metaboreflex activation in healthy individuals. We hypothesized that an acute decrease in cardiac after-load and pre-load due to the administration of a vasodilating agent could reduce post-exercise muscle ischemia (PEMI)-induced stroke ...
Van Roie Evelien - - 2013
Muscle adaptations can be induced by high-resistance exercise. Despite being potentially more suitable for older adults, low-resistance exercise protocols have been less investigated. We compared the effects of high- and low-resistance training on muscle volume, muscle strength, and force-velocity characteristics. Fifty-six older adults were randomly assigned to 12 weeks of ...
Hulme Kathryn M - - 2013
It is unclear whether the failure to reverse bronchoconstriction with deep inspiration (DI) in asthma is due to reduced maximal dilatation of the DI. We compared the effect of different DI volumes on maximal dilatation and reversal of bronchoconstriction in nine asthmatics and ten non-asthmatics. During bronchoconstriction, subjects took DI ...
Christensen Pernille M - - 2013
Pre- and post-exercise flow-volume loops are often recommended as an easy non-invasive method for diagnosing or excluding exercise-induced laryngeal obstructions in patients with exercise-related respiratory symptoms. However, at present there is no evidence for this recommendation. To compare physician evaluated pre- and post-exercise flow-volume loops and flow data with laryngoscopic ...
Mercer-Rosa Laura - - 2013
Assessing right ventricular (RV) performance is essential for patients with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). The aim of this study was to investigate the reliability and validity of tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) against cardiac magnetic resonance imaging measures and cardiopulmonary exercise testing. A retrospective study was performed in 125 ...
Sloth M - - 2013
Recently, several studies have examined whether low-volume sprint interval training (SIT) may improve aerobic and metabolic function. The objective of this study was to systematically review the existing literature regarding the aerobic and metabolic effects of SIT in healthy sedentary or recreationally active adults. A systematic literature search was performed ...
Jabbour Georges G a Movement Sport and Health Sciences Laboratory (M2S). UFRAPS, University of Rennes-ENS Cachan, Av. Charles Tillon, 35044 Rennes cedex, - - 2014
Previous studies have demonstrated that considerable plasma volume variations (ΔPV) occur during and after exposure to different environmental and physiological conditions. Such changes have an important effect on plasma concentration of metabolite values. Currently, no study has examined ΔPV in individuals with different body weight status and used ΔPV to ...
Zuo Ming-Liang - - 2013
Exercise capacity is reduced in patients with end-stage renal disease on maintenance home peritoneal dialysis therapy, although the potential mechanisms and clinical implications remain unclear. Cross-sectional study. 95 ambulatory prevalent and incident peritoneal dialysis patients in a well-established renal dialysis center (mean age, 58.26 ± 12.6 [SD] years; 63% men; ...
Li Na - - 2013
Large-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (BKCa) channels provide a negative feedback that regulates vascular tone in the brain circulation. This study investigated the effects of aerobic exercise on gating properties of BKCa channels in rat cerebral artery. Rats were subjected to moderate-intensity exercise at low (EX-3d/w) and high (EX-5d/w) training volume on ...
Boshuizen Rogier C - - 2013
Dyspnea is the most common symptom in patients with malignant pleural effusion (MPE). Treatment decisions are primarily based on the perception of dyspnea severity. To study dyspnea perception following therapeutic thoracentesis using the visual analog scale (VAS) dyspnea score and modified Borg scale (MBS). To investigate whether patient reported outcome ...
Matsuo Tomoaki - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of time-efficient, low-volume, interval exercises on cardiorespiratory capacity and left ventricular (LV) mass with traditional continuous exercise in sedentary adults. Forty-two healthy but sedentary male subjects (aged 26.5 ± 6.2 years) participated in an 8-week, 5 times/week, supervised exercise intervention. ...
Costalat Guillaume - - 2013
Voluntary breath-holding (BH) elicits several hemodynamic changes, but little is known about maximal static immersed-body BH. We hypothesized that the diving reflex would be strengthened with body immersion and would spare more oxygen than maximal dry static BH, resulting in a longer BH duration. Eleven trained breath-hold divers (BHDs) performed ...
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