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Tsekleves Emmanuel E ImaginationLancaster, Design, LICA, Lancaster University , Bailrigg, Lancaster , UK - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: This paper proposes a novel system (using the Nintendo Wii remote) that offers customised, non-immersive, virtual reality-based, upper-limb stroke rehabilitation and reports on promising preliminary findings with stroke survivors. Method: The system novelty lies in the high accuracy of the full kinematic tracking of the upper limb movement ...
Brisswalter Jeanick J University of Nice Sophia Antipolis, Laboratory of Human Motricity, Education Sport and Health , Nice , - - 2014
Abstract This study compared the reliability of the Cosmed FitMate™ and K4b2 metabolic systems during light to heavy steady state exercise. Expired gas, ventilation were recorded in 50 subjects, using in a random order among four sessions, either the FitMate™ or the Cosmed K4b2. No differences in oxygen consumption were ...
Williamson J W JW Department of Health Care Sciences, School of Health Professions, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
A central command is thought to involve a signal arising in a central area of the brain eliciting a parallel activation of the autonomic nervous system and skeletal muscle contraction during exercise. Although much of the neural circuitry involved in autonomic control has been identified, defining the specific higher brain ...
Phillips Shane A SA Department of Physical Therapy, College of Applied Health Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1919 West Taylor Street, MC 898, Chicago, IL 60612, USA; Integrative Physiology Laboratory, College of Applied Health Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1919 West Taylor Street, Chicago, IL 60612, USA. Electronic address: - - 2015
One of the primary hallmarks of patients diagnosed with heart failure (HF) is a reduced tolerance to exercise and compromised functional capacity. This limitation stems from poor pumping capacity but also major changes in functioning of the vasculature, skeletal muscle, and respiratory systems. Advances in the understanding of the central ...
Snarr Ronald L RL 1School of Nutrition and Health Promotion, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ 2Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Physical Education and Exercise Science, Auburn University at Montgomery, Montgomery, - - 2014
While there are multiple studies involving abdominal musculature activation and instability devices (e.g., Swiss balls); there is minimal research comparing them with a suspension device (e.g., TRX®). The purpose of this investigation was to measure the electromyographical activity of the rectus abdominis, external oblique, and erector spinae while performing planks ...
Chang Y Y China Institute of Sport Science (CISS), Sport Health and Rehabilitation Center, Beijing, - - 2014
Up to now, studies of exercise-induced cardiac arrhythmia have focused primarily on the working myocardium, with few studies examining to the cardiac conduction system where the rhythmic and synchronized contraction of the heart is initiated. To explore whether the cardiac conduction system is involved in the exercise-induced cardiac injury, we ...
Sanchez Anthony Mj AM Department of Critical Care, McGill University Health Centre and Meakins-Christie Laboratories - - 2014
Physical exercise is a stress that can substantially modulate cellular signaling mechanisms to promote morphological and metabolic adaptations. Skeletal muscle protein and organelle turnover is dependent on two major cellular pathways: FOXO transcription factors that regulate two main proteolytic systems, the ubiquitin-proteasome and the autophagy-lysosome systems, including mitochondrial autophagy, and ...
de Geus Eco J C EJ Department of Biological Psychology,VU University,Amsterdam,The - - 2014
Studies on the determinants of physical activity have traditionally focused on social factors and environmental barriers, but recent research has shown the additional importance of biological factors, including genetic variation. Here we review the major tenets of this research to arrive at three major conclusions: First, individual differences in physical ...
Etemad Asieh - - 2014
Objective: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a member of neurotrophins family that plays a pivotal role in memory and learning. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor mediates health benefits of physical activity both in humans and animals. The nerve damage and cognitive impairment in diabetic rats are thought to be the result of ...
Poltawski Leon L Institute of Health Research, University of Exeter Medical School , Exeter , UK - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: Exercise-after-stroke programmes are increasingly being provided to encourage more physical exercise among stroke survivors, but little is known about what motivates people with stroke to participate in them. This research aimed to identify factors that motivate long-term stroke survivors to exercise, and the implications for programme design. Methods: ...
Picorelli Alexandra Miranda Assumpção AM Physiotherapy Department, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, - - 2014
Question: How has adherence been measured in recent prospective studies focusing on adherence to exercise programs among older people? What is the range of adherence rates? Which factors are associated with better adherence? Design: Systematic review of prospective studies that had a primary aim of assessing adherence to exercise programs. ...
Aucella Filippo F Nephrology and Dialysis Unit, Scientific Institute for Research and Health Care, "Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza" Hospital, San Giovanni Rotondo, - - 2014
Despite consensus among nephrologists that exercise is important and probably beneficial for their patients, assessment of physical function or encouragement of physical activity is not a part of the routine management of patients with CKD. In order to plan an useful strategy for exercise training we need to clearly define ...
Slopack Dara D Angiogenesis Research Group, Faculty of Health, York University, Toronto, - - 2014
The physiological process of exercise-induced angiogenesis involves the orchestrated upregulation of angiogenic factors together with repression of angiostatic factors. The Forkhead Box "O" (FoxO) transcription factors promote an angiostatic environment in pathological contexts. We hypothesized that endothelial FoxO1 and FoxO3a also play an integral role in restricting the angiogenic response ...
Goodwin Huw H Loughborough University Centre for Research into Eating Disorders, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, - - 2014
The risk factors for compulsive exercise are unknown. This study aims to explore longitudinal sociocultural risk factors for compulsive exercise, using a 12-month prospective design. A sample of 332 male and female adolescents (aged 13-15 years at baseline) completed self-report measures of sociocultural risk factors and compulsive exercise at baseline and ...
Ménétrey Jacques J Centre de medicine de l'appareil locomoteur et du sport, Unité d'Orthopédie et Traumatologie du Sport (UOTS), Swiss Olympic Medical Center, Service de chirurgie orthopédique et traumatologie de l'appareil moteur, University Hospital of Geneva (HUG) and Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Rue Gabrielle-Perret-Gentil 4, 1211, Geneva, Switzerland, - - 2014
Patellofemoral instability may occur in a young population as a result of injury during sporting activities. This review focuses on return to sport after one episode of dislocation treated no operatively and as well after surgery for chronic patellofemoral instability. With or without surgery, only two-thirds of patients return to ...
Gorgey Ashraf S AS Ashraf S Gorgey, Department of Veterans Affairs, Hunter Holmes McGuire Medical Center, Spinal Cord Injury and Disorders Service, Richmond, VA 23249, United - - 2014
Exercise is an essential element in managing several of the non-communicable diseases after spinal cord injury (SCI). Awareness of the importance of prescribing a customized exercise program that meets the goals of persons with SCI should be highly considered in the rehabilitation community. The barriers of implementing specific exercise program ...
Chen Yu-Wen YW Haemostasis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology Unit, University of Birmingham Centre for Cardiovascular Science, City Hospital , Birmingham , United - - 2014
Sedentary lifestyle is a risk factor and a strong predictor for chronic disease and premature death. Low-grade inflammation has been proved a key player in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. Inflammatory processes have been also involved in maintaining the balance between coagulation and fibrinolysis. In addition, an inverse linear dose-response ...
Ter Stege Marloes H P MH Center for Human Movement Sciences, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The - - 2014
Knee injuries are one of the most common types of injuries in team ball sports, and prevention is crucial because of health and economic implications. To set up effective prevention programs, these programs must be designed to target potential, modifiable risk factors. In addition, it is essential to evaluate the ...
Kampshoff Caroline S - - 2014
For an exercise intervention to be successful, it is important that cancer survivors adhere to the prescribed program. To be able to improve adherence and to preserve achieved beneficial effects, insights into the relevant and modifiable determinants is important. Therefore, we aimed to systematically review determinants of exercise adherence and ...
Chennaoui Mounir M Institut de recherche biomédicale des armées (IRBA), Brétigny-sur-Orge, France; Université Paris Descartes, Equipe d'accueil VIgilance FAtigue SOMmeil (VIFASOM) EA 7330, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Sleep and exercise influence each other through complex, bilateral interactions that involve multiple physiological and psychological pathways. Physical activity is usually considered as beneficial in aiding sleep although this link may be subject to multiple moderating factors such as sex, age, fitness level, sleep quality and the characteristics of the ...
Della Gatta Paul A PA Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, VIC, 3125, - - 2014
Intense resistance exercise causes mechanical loading of skeletal muscle, followed by muscle adaptation. Chemotactic factors likely play an important role in these processes. We investigated the time course of changes in the expression and tissue localization of several key chemotactic factors in skeletal muscle during the early phase of recovery ...
Marton Orsolya O Research Institute of Sport Science, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science, Semmelweis University, Alkotas u. 44.TF, Budapest, - - 2014
Trainability is important in elite sport and in recreational physical activity, and the wide range for response to training is largely dependent on genotype. In this study, we compare a newly developed rat model system selectively bred for low and high gain in running distance from aerobic training to test ...
Green Daniel J DJ Liverpool John Moores University - - 2014
The objectives of our study were to examine (i) the proportion of 'responders' and 'non-responders' to exercise training in terms of vascular function, (ii) a priori factors related to exercise training-induced changes in conduit artery function, and (iii) the contribution of traditional cardiovascular risk factors to exercise-induced changes in artery ...
Garcia-Aymerich Judith J Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL), Doctor Aiguader 88, Barcelona 08003, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Patients with chronic respiratory diseases are usually physically inactive, which is an important negative prognostic factor. Therefore, promoting regular physical activity is of key importance in reducing morbidity and mortality and improving the quality of life in this population. A current challenge to pulmonary rehabilitation is the need to develop ...
Troosters Thierry T Respiratory Rehabilitation and Respiratory Division, University Hospital Leuven, Leuven, Belgium; KU Leuven, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Kinesiology and Rehabilitation Sciences, 3000 Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pulmonary rehabilitation programs vary in terms of duration and location. Differences also exists in the patients who are judged eligible for rehabilitation. This article reviews the options clinicians have to organize programs in terms of who should be referred, when, where, and for how long. There are several risk factors ...
Kempton Thomas T a Faculty of Health , University of Technology , Sydney , - - 2014
Abstract This study examined the changes in external outputs, including metabolic power variables, and internal response whilst considering contextual factors on physical performance variables during rugby league match play. Physical performance (total distance, high-speed running and high-power distances, average metabolic power), heart-rate (percentage heart-rate peak and training impulse), collisions (attacking ...
Bianba 1 Research Center for High Altitude Medicine, Tibet University Medical College , Lhasa, Tibet, China - - 2014
Abstract Bianba, Sveinung Bernsten, Lars Bo Andersen, Hein Stegum, Ouzhuluobu, Per Nafstad, Tianyi Wu, and Espen Bjertness. Exercise capacity and selected physiological factors by ancestry and residential altitude-Cross-sectional studies of 9-10-year-old children in Tibet. High Alt Biol Med 15:000-000,2014-Aim: Several physiological compensatory mechanisms have enabled Tibetans to live and work ...
McCall Alan A Université de Lille-Unité de Recherche Pluridisciplinaire Sport, Santé, Société-Equipe Activité Physique, Muscle, Santé-9 rue de l'Université-59790, Ronchin, France Research and Development Department, LOSC Lille Métropole Football Club, Camphin-en-Pévèle, Lille, - - 2014
Little is known about injury prevention practices in professional football clubs. The purpose of this study was therefore to determine the current perceptions and practices of premier league football clubs internationally concerning risk factors, testing and preventative exercises for non-contact injuries. A survey was administered to 93 premier league football ...
Garcia Carolina Borges CB Rheumatology Division, School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Av. Dr. Arnaldo 455, 3rd Floor, Room 3190, São Paulo, SP, Brazil, - - 2014
The purpose of present study was to evaluate the effects of maximal acute physical exercise on prothrombin time/international normalized ratio (PT/INR) in patients with primary antiphospholipid syndrome (PAPS) under oral anticoagulation with warfarin and the safety of acute exercise in regard to thrombosis and bleeding risk. Eighteen physically inactive women ...
Leung Leigh Ann LA Brown University, Center for Gerontology and Health Care Research, 121 South Main Street, Box G-S121-6, Providence RI 02912, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine whether exercise participation increased following a new diagnosis of diabetes using a sample of U.S. individuals age 50 and over who did not report exercise prior to diagnosis. We used data from the 2004-2010 Health and Retirement Study in a pre-post study design. Individuals newly-diagnosed with diabetes (N=635) ...
Caldwell Hooper Ann E AE Department of Psychology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA, - - 2014
Individuals who are intrinsically motivated to exercise are more likely to do so consistently. In previous research, those with at least one copy of the methionine (met) allele in the brain-derived neurotrophic factor gene (BDNF; rs6265) had greater increases in positive mood and lower perceived exertion during exercise. This study ...
Steib Kathrin K Research Group Adult Neurogenesis and Neural Stem Cells, Institute of Developmental Genetics, Helmholtz Zentrum München, German Research Center for Environmental Health, D-85764 Munich-Neuherberg, Germany, Institute of Biochemistry, Emil Fischer Center, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, 91054 Erlangen, Germany, and F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd, CNS Discovery, Pharma Research and Early Development, CH-4070 Basel, - - 2014
Neural stem cells in the adult mammalian hippocampus continuously generate new functional neurons, which modify the hippocampal network and significantly contribute to cognitive processes and mood regulation. Here, we show that the development of new neurons from stem cells in adult mice is paralleled by extensive changes to mitochondrial mass, ...
Meeusen Romain R Department of Human Physiology, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050, Brussels, Belgium, - - 2014
Accumulating evidence suggests that diet and lifestyle can play an important role in delaying the onset or halting the progression of age-related health disorders and can improve cognitive function. Exercise has been promoted as a possible prevention for neurodegenerative diseases. Exercise will have a positive influence on cognition and it ...
Najafi Farid F Research Center for Environmental Determinants of Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, IR - - 2014
Despite the positive outcomes reported with cardiac rehabilitation (CR), its impacts have been reported to be different from a region or country to another, which may be due to the different contents of rehabilitation programs. To investigate the effect of CR on cardiovascular risk factors. This is a retrospective cohort ...
Noble Emily E EE Minnesota Obesity Center, 1334 Eckles Avenue, Saint Paul, MN 55108, USA; Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, 1334 Eckles Avenue, Saint Paul, MN 55108, - - 2014
Previous studies have shown that a western diet impairs, whereas physical exercise enhances hippocampus-dependent learning and memory. Both diet and exercise influence expression of hippocampal brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), which is associated with improved cognition. We hypothesized that exercise reverses diet-induced cognitive decline while increasing hippocampal BDNF. To test the ...
Brady Lauren I LI From the Departments of Pediatrics (LIB, LGM, MAT) and Medicine (MAT), McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, - - 2014
It remains unclear whether habitual physical activity can attenuate the rate of progressive muscle strength loss in individuals with myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1). The aim of this study was to identify whether there were any strength differences between DM1 patients who were habitually active or sedentary. Knee extension, handgrip, ...
Beltrame Luis Gustavo Normanton LG Post-Graduate Program In Physical Education, Catholic University of Brasília, Águas Claras, Brasília, Brazil; International Hemophilia Training Center (IHTC), Brasília, - - 2014
The objective of this cross-sectional study was to analyse the acute effect of aquatic exercise on haemostasis in persons with haemophilia. Ten adult haemophiliacs (8 type A, 2 type B) familiarized with aquatic training performed a 20-min exercise session in a swimming pool at an intensity of ~70% maximum heart ...
Li Sheng S Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Texas Health Science Center - Houston, Houston, TX 77030, United States; Neurorehabilitation Research Laboratory, TIRR Memorial Hermann Hospital, Houston, TX 77030, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
To use evoked (M-wave) and voluntary (during maximal voluntary contraction (MVC)) EMG recordings to estimate the voluntary activation level in chronic stroke. Nine chronic hemiparetic stroke subjects participated in the experiment. M-wave (EMGM-wave) and MVC (EMGMVC) EMG values of the biceps brachii muscles were recorded. Peak torque was significantly smaller ...
Nybo Lars L Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Copenhagen, - - 2014
This article presents a historical overview and an up-to-date review of hyperthermia-induced fatigue during exercise in the heat. Exercise in the heat is associated with a thermoregulatory burden which mediates cardiovascular challenges and influence the cerebral function, increase the pulmonary ventilation, and alter muscle metabolism; which all potentially may contribute ...
Wenting Zhou Z Harbin Institute of Physical Education, Harbin 150001, - - 2014
Differences among individuals in exercise performance are determined by a range of environmental and genetic factors. Since 2008, numerous studies in the genetics of exercise performance have been published and a set of significant results have been obtained. In this review, we analyze the research results in physical activity, muscular ...
Hearon Bridget A BA Department of Psychology, Boston University, 648 Beacon Street, Boston, MA 02215, United States; McLean Hospital and Harvard Medical School, 115 Mill Street, Belmont, MA 02478, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Anxiety sensitivity (AS), or the fear of somatic arousal, has been linked to both maladaptive eating behavior as well as exercise avoidance in both self-report and laboratory-based experiments. The current pilot study sought to extend these finding to the naturalistic setting. A sample of 32 adults completed affect and dietary ...
Cheema Birinder S BS School of Science and Health, University of Western Sydney, Campbelltown Campus, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith, NSW, 2751, Australia, - - 2014
Exercise can be prescribed to prevent, manage, and treat many leading non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and underlying risk factors. However, surprisingly, Australia is one of only a few countries where allied healthcare professionals with specialized university education and training in exercise prescription and delivery provide services within a government-run healthcare system ...
Rasmussen Morten M The Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Basic Metabolic Research, Faculty of Health and Medical Science, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Skeletal muscle is a malleable organ that responds to a single acute exercise bout by inducing the expression of genes involved in structural, metabolic and functional adaptations. Several epigenetic mechanisms including histone H4 deacetylation and loss of promoter methylation have been implicated in modifying exercise-responsive gene expression. These transient changes ...
Aycock Dawn M DM Dawn M. Aycock, PhD, RN, ANP-BC Assistant Professor, Byrdine F. Lewis School of Nursing and Health Professions, Georgia State University, Atlanta. Kenya D. Kirkendoll, MSN, MPH, RN PhD Student, School of Nursing, The University of Alabama at Birmingham. Kisha C. Coleman, MSN, RN, CPHM DNP Student, School of Nursing, The University of Alabama at Birmingham. Patricia C. Clark, PhD, RN, FAHA, FAAN Professor, Byrdine F. Lewis School of Nursing and Health Professions, Georgia State University, Atlanta. Karen C. Albright, DO, MPH Postdoctoral Fellow, Health Services and Outcomes Research Center for Outcome and Effectiveness Research and Education, The University of Alabama at Birmingham. Anne W. Alexandrov, PhD, RN, CCRN, ANVP-BC, FAAN Assistant Dean for Program Evaluation and Professor, School of Nursing, The University of Alabama at - - 2014
African Americans are at greater risk for stroke than whites are; however, it is unclear what role family history of stroke (FHS) plays in the adoption of healthier lifestyles among African Americans. The aim of this study was to compare modifiable risk factors, knowledge of stroke risk factors, perceived threat ...
Schmitz Randy J RJ Applied Neuromechanics Research Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, North - - 2014
As injury rates rise in the later stages of sporting activities, a better understanding of lower extremity biomechanics in the later phases of gamelike situations may improve training and injury prevention programs. Lower extremity biomechanics of a drop-jump task (extracted from a principal components analysis) would reveal factors associated with ...
Chrisman Matthew M Department of Community and Behavioral Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, - - 2014
In response to calls for more specificity when measuring physical activity, this study examined perceived correlates of this behavior in rural adults separately by the domain in which this behavior occurs (ie, home care, work, active living, and sport). A cross-sectional survey was completed by 407 adults from 2 rural ...
Geidl Wolfgang W Friedrich Alexander-University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, Institute of Sport Science and Sport, Division 'Exercise and Health' , Erlangen , - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: The purpose of this perspective is (1) to incorporate recent psychological health behaviour change (HBC) theories into exercise therapeutic programmes, and (2) to introduce the International Classification of Functioning (ICF)-based concept of a behavioural exercise therapy (BET). Methods: Relevant personal modifiable factors of physical activity (PA) were identified ...
Paoli Antonio A Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Padova, Padova, - - 2014
Although resistance training (RT) has long been accepted as a means for developing and maintaining muscular strength, endurance, power and muscle mass, its beneficial relationship with health factors and chronic disease has only recently been recognized in the scientific literature. Prior to 1990, resistance training was not a part of ...
O'Dwyer Tom T Discipline of Physiotherapy, School of Medicine, Trinity Centre for Health Sciences, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland, - - 2014
To evaluate the effects of therapeutic exercise on pain, stiffness, quality of life, physical function, disease activity, health-related fitness and cardiovascular risk factors in adults with spondyloarthritis (SpA). Electronic databases (Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EMBASE, MEDLINE/PubMed, PEDro, AMED, CINAHL) were systematically searched from inception to October 2013 using ...
Detloff Megan Ryan MR Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy, Spinal Cord Research Center, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia PA 19129. Electronic address: - - 2014
Spinal cord injury (SCI) impaired sensory fiber transmission leads to chronic, debilitating neuropathic pain. Sensory afferents are responsive to neurotrophic factors, molecules that are known to promote survival and maintenance of neurons, and regulate sensory neuron transduction of peripheral stimuli. A subset of primary afferent fibers responds only to the ...
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