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Beltrame Luis Gustavo Normanton LG Post-Graduate Program In Physical Education, Catholic University of Brasília, Águas Claras, Brasília, Brazil; International Hemophilia Training Center (IHTC), Brasília, - - 2014
The objective of this cross-sectional study was to analyse the acute effect of aquatic exercise on haemostasis in persons with haemophilia. Ten adult haemophiliacs (8 type A, 2 type B) familiarized with aquatic training performed a 20-min exercise session in a swimming pool at an intensity of ~70% maximum heart ...
Nybo Lars L Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Copenhagen, - - 2014
This article presents a historical overview and an up-to-date review of hyperthermia-induced fatigue during exercise in the heat. Exercise in the heat is associated with a thermoregulatory burden which mediates cardiovascular challenges and influence the cerebral function, increase the pulmonary ventilation, and alter muscle metabolism; which all potentially may contribute ...
Cheema Birinder S BS School of Science and Health, University of Western Sydney, Campbelltown Campus, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith, NSW, 2751, Australia, - - 2014
Exercise can be prescribed to prevent, manage, and treat many leading non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and underlying risk factors. However, surprisingly, Australia is one of only a few countries where allied healthcare professionals with specialized university education and training in exercise prescription and delivery provide services within a government-run healthcare system ...
Rasmussen Morten M The Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Basic Metabolic Research, Faculty of Health and Medical Science, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Skeletal muscle is a malleable organ that responds to a single acute exercise bout by inducing the expression of genes involved in structural, metabolic and functional adaptations. Several epigenetic mechanisms including histone H4 deacetylation and loss of promoter methylation have been implicated in modifying exercise-responsive gene expression. These transient changes ...
Aycock Dawn M DM Dawn M. Aycock, PhD, RN, ANP-BC Assistant Professor, Byrdine F. Lewis School of Nursing and Health Professions, Georgia State University, Atlanta. Kenya D. Kirkendoll, MSN, MPH, RN PhD Student, School of Nursing, The University of Alabama at Birmingham. Kisha C. Coleman, MSN, RN, CPHM DNP Student, School of Nursing, The University of Alabama at Birmingham. Patricia C. Clark, PhD, RN, FAHA, FAAN Professor, Byrdine F. Lewis School of Nursing and Health Professions, Georgia State University, Atlanta. Karen C. Albright, DO, MPH Postdoctoral Fellow, Health Services and Outcomes Research Center for Outcome and Effectiveness Research and Education, The University of Alabama at Birmingham. Anne W. Alexandrov, PhD, RN, CCRN, ANVP-BC, FAAN Assistant Dean for Program Evaluation and Professor, School of Nursing, The University of Alabama at - - 2014
African Americans are at greater risk for stroke than whites are; however, it is unclear what role family history of stroke (FHS) plays in the adoption of healthier lifestyles among African Americans. The aim of this study was to compare modifiable risk factors, knowledge of stroke risk factors, perceived threat ...
Schmitz Randy J RJ Applied Neuromechanics Research Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, North - - 2014
As injury rates rise in the later stages of sporting activities, a better understanding of lower extremity biomechanics in the later phases of gamelike situations may improve training and injury prevention programs. Lower extremity biomechanics of a drop-jump task (extracted from a principal components analysis) would reveal factors associated with ...
Chrisman Matthew M Department of Community and Behavioral Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, - - 2014
In response to calls for more specificity when measuring physical activity, this study examined perceived correlates of this behavior in rural adults separately by the domain in which this behavior occurs (ie, home care, work, active living, and sport). A cross-sectional survey was completed by 407 adults from 2 rural ...
Geidl Wolfgang W Friedrich Alexander-University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, Institute of Sport Science and Sport, Division 'Exercise and Health' , Erlangen , - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: The purpose of this perspective is (1) to incorporate recent psychological health behaviour change (HBC) theories into exercise therapeutic programmes, and (2) to introduce the International Classification of Functioning (ICF)-based concept of a behavioural exercise therapy (BET). Methods: Relevant personal modifiable factors of physical activity (PA) were identified ...
Paoli Antonio A Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Padova, Padova, - - 2014
Although resistance training (RT) has long been accepted as a means for developing and maintaining muscular strength, endurance, power and muscle mass, its beneficial relationship with health factors and chronic disease has only recently been recognized in the scientific literature. Prior to 1990, resistance training was not a part of ...
O'Dwyer Tom T Discipline of Physiotherapy, School of Medicine, Trinity Centre for Health Sciences, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland, - - 2014
To evaluate the effects of therapeutic exercise on pain, stiffness, quality of life, physical function, disease activity, health-related fitness and cardiovascular risk factors in adults with spondyloarthritis (SpA). Electronic databases (Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EMBASE, MEDLINE/PubMed, PEDro, AMED, CINAHL) were systematically searched from inception to October 2013 using ...
Detloff Megan Ryan MR Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy, Spinal Cord Research Center, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia PA 19129. Electronic address: - - 2014
Spinal cord injury (SCI) impaired sensory fiber transmission leads to chronic, debilitating neuropathic pain. Sensory afferents are responsive to neurotrophic factors, molecules that are known to promote survival and maintenance of neurons, and regulate sensory neuron transduction of peripheral stimuli. A subset of primary afferent fibers responds only to the ...
Aira Zigor Z Department of Neurosciences, School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of the Basque Country, PO Box 699, 48080 Bilbao, - - 2014
Spinal cord injury (SCI) impaired sensory fiber transmission leads to chronic, debilitating neuropathic pain. Sensory afferents are responsive to neurotrophic factors, molecules that are known to promote survival and maintenance of neurons, and regulate sensory neuron transduction of peripheral stimuli. A subset of primary afferent fibers responds only to the ...
Dematteo Carol C 1McMaster Children's Hospital, Hamilton, Ontario, - - 2014
ABSTRACT Adolescents with mild traumatic brain injuries (MTBI) are at substantial risk for repeat injury if they return to activity too soon. Post-concussion symptoms and impaired balance are two factors that limit return to activity. Post-injury assessments that challenge activity tolerance and balance skills are needed to ensure readiness to ...
Krogh Anne Kh - - 2014
Sled dogs performing endurance races have been reported to have a high incidence of gastric erosions or ulcerations and an increased risk of gastro intestinal bleeding leading to death in some cases. In addition, these dogs also become hypothyroid during training and exercise. Canine hypothyroidism has been shown to correlate ...
Bergman Michael S MS a National Personal Protective Technology Laboratory , National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health , Pittsburgh , - - 2014
Improved respirator test headforms are needed to measure the fit of N95 filtering facepiece respirators (FFRs) for protection studies against viable airborne particles. A Static (i.e., non-moving, non-speaking) Advanced Headform (StAH) was developed for evaluating the fit of N95 FFRs. The StAH was developed based on the anthropometric dimensions of ...
Calatayud Joaquin J University of Valencia, Valencia, - - 2014
Ankle sprains are common in team sports and sports played on courts, and often result in structural and functional alterations that lead to a greater reinjury risk. Specific exercises are often used to promote neuromuscular improvements in the prevention and rehabilitation of ankle injuries. This literature review summarizes the neuromuscular ...
Rodríguez García Pedro Luis PL Área de Didáctica de la Expresión Corporal, Departamento de Expresión Plástica, Musical y Dinámica, Facultad de Educación, Universidad de - - 2014
Introduction. Physical and sports activity is essential for a healthy lifestyle and is considered a prevention factor for several harmful habits on health. The purpose of this study was to establish the relationship between the level of physical activity, energy expenditure and tobacco consumption among adolescent students. Population and Methods. ...
Theodoropoulou Eleni - - 2014
This study examined the validity and reliability of Greek versions of two scales assessing family and friend support for exercise behaviour. Exploratory factor analyses (EFAs) and confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) were performed in a sample of 360 students. Additionally, CFAs were applied in a second sample of 726 physically active ...
Mathias Paulo C F PC Laboratory of Secretion Cell Biology, Department of Biotechnology, Genetics and Cell Biology, State University of Maringá, Maringá, PR, - - 2014
Nutrition and lifestyle, particularly over-nutrition and lack of exercise, promote the progression and pathogenesis of obesity and metabolic diseases. Nutrition is likely the most important environmental factor that modulates the expression of genes involved in metabolic pathways and a variety of phenotypes associated with obesity and diabetes. During pregnancy, diet ...
Stefanetti Renae Jane RJ 1Deakin University, - - 2014
Knowledge from human exercise studies on regulators of muscle atrophy is lacking, but is important to understand the underlying mechanisms influencing skeletal muscle protein turnover and net protein gain. This study examined the regulation of muscle atrophy-related factors, including atrogin-1 and MuRF1, their upstream transcription factors FOXO1 and FOXO3A and ...
Clair Mitchell St MS Department of Cardiology, Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, Winston-Salem, North - - 2014
Diabetic patients have a worse prognosis than nondiabetic patients after myocardial infarction. Although exercise improves risk factors, exercise capacity, and mortality, it is still unclear if these benefits are the same as in nondiabetics. Furthermore, although exercise tolerance is predicted by systolic and diastolic dysfunction in nondiabetics, its role as ...
Kjaer Michael M 1University of - - 2014
Eccentric exercise can influence tendon mechanical properties and matrix protein synthesis. mRNA for collagen and regulatory factors thereof are upregulated in animal tendons independent of muscular contraction type, supporting the view that tendon - compared to skeletal muscle - is less sensitive to differences in type and/or amount of mechanical ...
Ellis Katrina R - - 2014
Abstract Purpose . To test the effects of a family-centered intervention for enhancing intentions to exercise among African-American boys with nonresident fathers. Design . Quasi-experimental, intervention study. Setting . Two Midwestern cities. Subjects . A total of 287 nonresident African-American fathers and their 8- to 12-year-old sons (n = 158 ...
Timmins R G RG School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences and Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; School of Exercise Science, Australian Catholic University, Victoria, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine whether declines in knee flexor strength following overground repeat sprints were related to changes in hamstrings myoelectrical activity. Seventeen recreationally active men completed maximal isokinetic concentric and eccentric knee flexor strength assessments at 180°/s before and after repeat sprint running. Myoelectrical activity ...
Lilja-Maula L I O LI Department of Equine and Small Animal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, - - 2014
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is an incurable interstitial lung disease occurring mainly in West Highland White Terriers (WHWTs). The effects of IPF on survival and on exercise tolerance in WHWTs are unknown. To evaluate survival, prognostic factors, and exercise tolerance in WHWTs with IPF. Privately owned WHWTs; 15 with IPF ...
Goto M M Rehabilitation Center, The University of Tokyo Hospital, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate School of Human Health Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Tokyo, - - 2014
Haemophiliacs who have had to keep a physically inactive lifestyle due to bleeding during childhood are likely to have little motivation for exercise. The purpose of this study is to clarify the effectiveness of the self-monitoring of home exercise for haemophiliacs. A randomized controlled trial was conducted with intervention over ...
Bertuglia Andrea - - 2014
There is a substantial paucity of studies concerning musculoskeletal injuries in harness Standardbred racehorses. Specifically, little is known about the epidemiology of exercise-related musculoskeletal injuries. Most studies on this subject involve Thoroughbred racehorses, whose biomechanics and racing speed differ from Standardbred, making comparisons difficult. Here, a population of Standardbred racehorses ...
Steinhilber Benjamin B 1Medical Clinic, Department of Sports Medicine, University of Tübingen, Tuebingen, Germany. 2University of Gothenburg, Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science Biomechanics, Göteborg, - - 2014
Physical disability (PD) is common among patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip. Exercise therapy is proposed to be a potential intervention to reduce PD. However, the optimal targets of an exercise program are not known. The aim of the present study was to identify factors that explain the level ...
Greene Nicholas Perry NP 1University of - - 2014
We previously demonstrated that high volume resistance exercise stimulates mitochondrial protein synthesis (a measure of mitochondrial biogenesis) in lean but not obese Zucker rats. Here we examined factors involved in regulating mitochondrial biogenesis in the same animals. PGC-1α was 45% higher following exercise in obese, but not lean animals, when ...
Losnegard Thomas T Department of physical performance, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences Oslo, - - 2014
Substantial inter-individual variations in exercise economy exist even in highly trained endurance athletes. The variation is believed to be determined partly by intrinsic factors. Therefore, in the present study, we compared exercise economy in V2-skating, double poling, and uphill running. Ten highly trained male cross-country skiers (23 ± 3 years, ...
Minett Geoffrey M GM School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Queensland University of Technology Kelvin Grove, Brisbane, QLD, Australia ; Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology Kelvin Grove, Brisbane, QLD, - - 2014
Prolonged intermittent-sprint exercise (i.e., team sports) induce disturbances in skeletal muscle structure and function that are associated with reduced contractile function, a cascade of inflammatory responses, perceptual soreness, and a delayed return to optimal physical performance. In this context, recovery from exercise-induced fatigue is traditionally treated from a peripheral viewpoint, ...
Lee Eun-Gyoung EG Sangpyung Public Health Center, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to determine the effects of a 12-week walking program on increasing an individual's self-management and decreasing the risk factors of metabolic syndrome in the older adult population. [Subjects] A total of 31 older adults participated in this study. Eighteen participants in the experimental ...
van Loon Janine E JE Department of Haematology, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, the - - 2014
Physical stress triggers the endothelium to release von Willebrand Factor (VWF) from the Weibel Palade bodies. Since VWF is a risk factor for arterial thrombosis, it is of great interest to discover determinants of VWF response to physical stress. We aimed to determine the main mediators of the VWF increase ...
Carnevali Luca L Stress Physiology Laboratory, Department of Neuroscience, University of Parma Parma, - - 2014
In humans, there are large individual differences in the levels of vagal modulation of resting heart rate (HR). High levels are a recognized index of cardiac health, whereas low levels are considered an important risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Several factors are thought to contribute significantly to this ...
Kemmler Wolfgang W Institute of Medical Physics, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Henkestrasse 91, 91052 Erlangen, - - 2014
Aerobic exercise positively impacts cardiometabolic risk factors and diseases; however, the most effective exercise training strategies have yet to be identified. To determine the effect of high intensity (interval) training (HI(I)T) versus moderate intensity continuous exercise (MICE) training on cardiometabolic risk factors and cardiorespiratory fitness we conducted a 16-week crossover ...
Mitu O - - 2014
Electrocardiogram exercise stress test (EST) is a widespread technique in assessment of coronary artery disease, stratifying cardiovascular risk and prognosis. Evaluation of the impact of cardiovascular risk factors upon the results of EST. The 2-year retrospective study included 294 patients referred to an EST. All patients were assessed according to: ...
Rozanski Alan A Division of Cardiology, St. Lukes Roosevelt Hospital, New York, NY, USA, - - 2013
While normal exercise myocardial perfusion imaging (SPECT-MPI) is a robust predictor of low short-term clinical risk, there is increasing interest in ascertaining how clinical factors influence long-term risk following SPECT-MPI. We evaluated the predictors of outcome from clinical data obtained at the time of testing in 12,232 patients with normal ...
Gilder M M Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, Southampton, SO17 - - 2013
Exercise results in release of brain derived neurotrophic factor into the circulation; however, little is known about the changes in serum and plasma brain derived neurotrophic factor concentrations and factors influencing brain derived neurotrophic factor during exercise and recovery. Serum (n=23) and plasma (n=10) brain derived neurotrophic factor concentrations were ...
Bryan Angela D - - 2013
The purpose of this research was to replicate a successful intervention to increase physical activity in a different region of the country, and explore genetic and physiological moderators of intervention efficacy drawn from a transdisciplinary theoretical framework. A randomized controlled trial comparing a print-based physical activity intervention (COSTRIDE) to a ...
Steinhilber Benjamin B 1Medical Clinic, Department of Sports Medicine, University of Tübingen, Tuebingen, Germany. 2University of Gothenburg, Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science Biomechanics, Göteborg, - - 2013
Physical disability (PD) is common among patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip. Exercise therapy is proposed to be a potential intervention to reduce PD. However, the optimal targets of an exercise program are not known. The aim of the present study was to identify factors that explain the level ...
Jung Sun-Young SY Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 136-701, Republic of - - 2014
Apoptosis occurring secondary to spinal cord injury (SCI) causes further neural damage and functional loss. In this study, a rat model was used to investigate the effect of treadmill exercise on SCI-induced apoptosis and expression of neurotrophic factors. To produce SCI, a contusion injury (10 g × 25 mm) was ...
Chen C-C J J - - 2013
This study was aimed at investigating the relation between grip strength and anthropometric factors and the impact of an aerobic exercise on grip strength in young men with Down syndrome (DS). This study was a pre-post design. Twelve males with DS were assigned to an exercise group, who walked using ...
He W - - 2013
The purpose of this article is to explore factors influencing adherence to exercise in Chinese people with type 2 diabetes (T2D). The findings can be used to explain exercise behaviours and develop interventions to improve the level of adherence to exercise. A qualitative approach was used in this study. Data ...
Tulloch Heather - - 2013
We conducted a qualitative investigation of patients with type 2 diabetes to determine their perceived facilitators and barriers to exercise at multiple time points while enrolled in a randomized exercise trial including aerobic, resistance or combined exercise. We explored differences in these themes over time, between intervention groups and by ...
Yardley Jane - - 2013
Regular physical activity has substantial health benefits in persons with type 1 diabetes, including reduced risk of complications and cardiovascular mortality as well as improved self-rated quality of life. Despite these benefits, individuals with type 1 diabetes are often less active than their peers without diabetes. When factors such as ...
Goldberg David J DJ 1 Division of Cardiology, The Perelman School of Medicine, The University of Pennsylvania, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of - - 2013
The Fontan operation can create a stable circulation from childhood through early adulthood. However, the absence of a sub-pulmonary pumping chamber leads to a physiology in which exercise capacity is limited and decreases with age starting in adolescence. The limitation in exercise capacity is more pronounced at peak levels of ...
Paulson Lauren R LR Department of Psychology Allegheny College, 520 North Main Street, Meadville, PA 16335, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study examined two dimensions of perfectionism (Standards and Discrepancy), two aspects of exercise (cardiovascular and strength), and the interaction of these variables as predictors of disordered eating in female and male college students. Recruited participants (N=314; n=204 women) completed self-report measures of disordered eating (Eating Attitudes Test), perfectionism (Almost ...
Mitchell Joel B - - 2013
: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of hot (37°C) and cool (10°C) environments on cycling time-to-exhaustion (TTE), pH, lactate, and core temperature (Tc). Eleven endurance-trained subjects completed four TTE trials: Hot, 80% VO2max (H80); Cool 80% (C80); Hot 100% (H100); and Cool 100% VO2max (C100). ...
Taylor Denise - - 2013
There is evidence from high quality studies to strongly support the positive association between increased levels of physical activity, exercise participation and improved health in older adults. Worldwide, around 3.2 million deaths per year are being attributed to inactivity. In industrialised countries where people are living longer lives, the levels ...
Littlewood Chris - - 2013
Evidence has emerged supporting the value of loaded exercises for rotator cuff tendinopathy but there are barriers that might prevent implementation of this intervention in the real-world. The purpose of this study was to explore these potential barriers with participants involved in a pilot randomised controlled trial (RCT) investigating a ...
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