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Results 401 - 450 of 880
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Satsumae Tsuyoshi - - 2002
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to determine the effect of propofol infusion on the minimum alveolar concentration necessary for smooth tracheal intubation (MACEI) of sevoflurane. METHODS: Sixty-nine patients, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) status I, aged 30-49 years, were randomly assigned to one of three groups according to the agents ...
Giddon Donald B - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to determine the reason for an apparent increase in the number of mucosal swellings after maxillary infiltration with Citanest Forte (prilocaine HCl 4% solution with epinephrine 1:200,000), 2 years after its introduction in 1971 by Astra Pharmaceutical Co (now AstraZeneca) in the United States. ...
Kim D W - - 2001
Because noise in the operating room has been alleged to interfere with the ability to sedate patients before surgery, we evaluated the effect of noise on the Bispectral index (BIS) value during propofol sedation. Thirty unpremedicated patients were studied before the start of surgery while receiving propofol sedation on two ...
Lundell J C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To test whether patients require less volatile anesthetic after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). DESIGN: Prospective, observational clinical study. SETTING: Cardiovascular operating rooms of a large teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty adult patients undergoing surgery with CPB. INTERVENTIONS: Subjects received a computer-controlled fentanyl infusion designed to maintain effect site concentrations of 3 ...
Engelhard K K Klinik für Anaesthesiologie der Technischen Universität München, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Munich, Germany. - - 2001
This study investigates the effects of remifentanil and propofol in comparison to isoflurane on dynamic cerebrovascular autoregulation in humans. In 16 awake patients dynamic cerebrovascular autoregulation was measured using transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD). Thereafter patients were intubated, ventilated with O2/air (FiO2=0.33) and randomly assigned to one of the following anesthetic ...
Laman D M - - 2001
Currently there is no consensus on the derivations that should be used for EEG monitoring during carotid endarterectomy (CEA). The aim of this study was to determine which derivations distinguish the best between patients requiring a shunt and patients who do not need a shunt. Four predefined frequency bands and ...
Girgis Y - - 2001
Forty patients having surgery requiring muscle paralysis and tracheal intubation were randomly allocated to receive either halothane (n = 20) or sevoflurane (n = 20). Following intravenous anaesthesia and tracheal intubation, inhalation induction of anaesthesia was simulated. After attaining an end-tidal anaesthetic concentration of 2 MAC for the respective agent, ...
Saitoh Y - - 2001
We investigated the effect of an amino acid infusion on neuromuscular block produced by vecuronium, and on rectal temperature and surface temperature over the adductor pollicis muscle. Sixty adult patients undergoing general anaesthesia were randomly divided into four groups of 15 patients each: amino acid (AA)-post-tetanic count (PTC); AA-train-of-four (TOF); ...
Liou S W - - 2001
Surgically-induced miosis commonly occurs during cataract extraction surgery, complicating removal of lens cortex and placement of a posterior chamber intraocular lens. To maintain intraoperative mydriasis, one bolus of epinephrine injection was used in our study. The pupillary response to various doses of intracameral epinephrine (0.1 ml of 1:25,000, 1:50,000, 1:100,000, ...
Jurk I R - - 2001
A 6-year-old, male castrated, domestic shorthair cat presented with a 2-week history of blindness following general anesthesia. Behavioral changes, lethargy, inappetence and neurological deficits were also noted. Ophthalmic evaluation revealed blindness, normal pupillary light response and dazzle response, but no other abnormalities. Serodiagnostic testing for common infectious agents was negative ...
Baars B J - - 2001
Surgical patients under anesthesia can wake up unpredictably and be exposed to intense, traumatic pain. Current medical techniques cannot maintain depth of anesthesia at a perfectly stable and safe level; the depth of unconsciousness may change from moment to moment. Without an effective consciousness monitor anesthesiologists may not be able ...
Goto T - - 2001
BACKGROUND: It has recently been demonstrated that the approximately 40-Hz spectral power of the midlatency auditory evoked potential (MLAEP) correlates well with wakefulness during desflurane or propofol anesthesia. The aim of this study was to characterize how other inhalational anesthetics affects the MLAEP as the patients regain responsiveness to simple ...
Enlund M - - 2001
We report the first clinical application of a new anaesthetic agent-saving device. The principles of a heat-moisture exchanger have been further developed to create a device that reduces inhalational agent consumption. Sixteen patients were randomly allocated to receive isoflurane through either a vaporiser or through the agent-saving device. A coaxial ...
Binnie C - - 2001
Pivotal studies in man require prolonged administration to demonstrate efficacy for most seizure types. Earlier evidence of human efficacy can be of value for decision making, and EEG surrogate endpoints can be of value in this respect. Studies of spontaneous EEG discharges under standard recording conditions can demonstrate meaningful acute ...
Neff T - - 2001
The aim of the study was to evaluate the IVAC P7000 FASTSTART mode with regard to start-up performance in a 50-ml infusion syringe at a flow rate of 1 ml.h-1. The time from depression of the start button to first fluid flow (T1) and to establishment of a pre-set flow ...
Hedenqvist P - - 2001
The characteristics of two techniques of face-mask induction of desflurane anaesthesia (rapid or slow) were compared with the effects of slow isoflurane induction in five New Zealand White (NZW) rabbits. Slow induction used stepwise increments in vapour setting of 2% for desflurane and 0.5% for isoflurane at 30 s intervals. ...
Reid J E - - 2001
PURPOSE: To examine the influence of continuing administration of sevoflurane or isoflurane during reversal of rocuronium induced neuromuscular block with neostigmine. METHODS: One hundred and twenty patients, divided into three equal groups, were randomly allocated to maintenance of anesthesia with sevoflurane, isoflurane or propofol. Neuromuscular block was induced with rocuronium ...
Walder B B Divisions of Surgical Intensive Care, Department APSIC, University Hospitals of Geneva, Switzerland. - - 2001
Propofol and midazolam are often used for sedation in the intensive care unit. The aim of this systematic review was to estimate the efficacy and harm of propofol versus midazolam in mechanically ventilated patients. A systematic search (Medline, Cochrane Library, Embase, bibliographies), any language, up to June 1999 was performed ...
Walpole R - - 2001
We studied the respiratory effects of the administration of either 5% halothane or 8% sevoflurane in 70% nitrous oxide (N2O) for 5 min in 21 boys aged 1-5 years. A similar degree of ventilatory depression was noted with both agents. Minute volume fell by approximately 50% as a result of ...
Tsai P S PS Department of Anesthesiology, Mackay Memorial Hospital, 92, Sec. 2, Chung San North Road, Chung San, Taipei, Taiwan - - 2001
Awareness during general anesthesia has been a particular problem during caesarean section. About 7 percent of patients undergoing elective caesarean section have reported dreaming or recall of voices during the procedure. The bispectral index (BIS), a value derived from the electroencephalogram (EEG), has been shown to be useful in monitoring ...
Saitoh Y - - 2001
PURPOSE: To examine the effect of nicorandil, a K ATP channel agonist, on neuromuscular block caused by vecuronium in patients anesthetized with nitrous oxide, oxygen, isoflurane, and fentanyl. METHODS: Sixty adult patients were allocated to four groups of 15: nicorandil-post-tetanic count (N-PTC), nicorandil-train-of-four (N-TOF), control-post-tetanic count (C-PTC) or control-train-of-four (C-TOF) ...
Takahashi M - - 2001
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of total spinal block (TSB) on brain function, TSB-induced changes in cortical electrical activities were analyzed using power spectral analysis of an electroencephalogram (EEG). METHODS: Six patients suffering from chronic pain who were undergoing TSB therapy were studied. TSB was established with intrathecal 1% lidocaine ...
Daggan R N - - 2000
A hypoxic rat model of halothane-induced hepatotoxicity, which is known to produce liver damage, was used to determine the effects of chronic exercise on halothane-induced hepatotoxicity and on reduced hepatic glutathione (GSH) levels. Metabolism of volatile anesthetics may generate metabolites that can cause mild and transient hepatotoxicity. METHODS: Six male ...
Bonhomme V V Department of Anesthesia, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2000
We assessed the effect of propofol on the auditory steady-state response (ASSR), bispectral (BIS) index, and level of consciousness in two experiments. In Experiment 1, propofol was infused in 11 subjects to obtain effect-site concentrations of 1, 2, 3, and 4 microg/mL. The ASSR and BIS index were recorded during ...
Ng H P - - 2000
Rapid sequence induction using succinylcholine is associated with an increase in intraocular pressure (IOP). This may lead to loss of ocular contents in open globe injuries. No method has previously been shown to prevent this increase in IOP. We investigated whether remifentanil, an ultra-short-acting opioid, could attenuate this increase in ...
Zhang Y Y Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Care, University of California, San Francisco 94143-0464, - - 2000
Meyer and Overton suggested that anesthetic potency correlates inversely with lipophilicity. Thus, MAC times the olive oil/gas partition coefficient equals an approximately constant value of 1.82 +/- 0.56 atm (mean +/- SD). MAC is the minimum alveolar concentration of anesthetic required to eliminate movement in response to a noxious stimulus ...
Woodward D K - - 2000
The low toxicity of ropivacaine makes it attractive for peribulbar anaesthesia. However, its motor-sparing properties are undesirable when akinesia is important. Hyaluronidase (300 IU ml-1) promotes the onset and quality of peribulbar blockade when used with other agents. We investigated the onset and quality of ocular akinesia in 80 patients ...
Cros A M - - 2000
The sevoflurane alveolar concentration needed for tracheal intubation with remifentanil was studied in 26 adult patients premedicated with 100 mg hydroxyzine. Anaesthesia was induced with sevoflurane in oxygen. The concentration was determined by Dixon's up-and-down method. The first patient was tested at 4.5%. One minute after obtaining the preselected value, ...
Sutcliffe D G - - 2000
Volatile anaesthetic agents potentiate neuromuscular blocking agents and retard their rate of reversal. We hypothesised that there was a difference in the rate of reversal of rocuronium-induced neuromuscular blockade based on the selection of inhalation agent. Thirty-eight patients undergoing elective surgical procedures received either sevoflurane or isoflurane, by random allocation. ...
Okutomi T - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Epinephrine is used with local anesthetics to prolong the duration of epidural analgesia and decrease the peak plasma concentrations of local anesthetics. However, the duration of labor may be prolonged because epinephrine reduces uterine activity. We designed a prospective, randomized, and doubleblind study to examine the effects ...
Hoffman W E - - 2000
We tested the possibility that large-dose isoflurane will produce a loss of brain tissue oxygen regulation in dogs. A total of 12 dogs were anesthetized with isoflurane, a craniotomy was performed, and a probe was inserted to measure brain tissue oxygen pressure (PtO(2)), carbon dioxide, and pH. Baseline measures were ...
Barvais L - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prospective predictive accuracy and the quality of anesthesia of pharmacokinetic model-driven infusion of sufentanil and midazolam designed to establish and maintain a plasma level of drug during cardiac surgery. DESIGN: Prospective analysis. SETTING: Operating room at a university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty adult patients younger than 75 ...
Niwa H H Department of Dental Anesthesiology, Osaka University, Osaka, - - 2000
Cardiovascular effects of infiltration anesthesia have been documented in numerous studies. However, few studies have been carried out to compare the effects of infiltration anesthesia with the effects of exercise-stress testing. The purpose of this study was to examine this issue. Eight young and 13 older subjects were given infusions ...
Urhonen E - - 2000
BACKGROUND: One of the problems encountered in assessment of the hypnotic level during anesthesia is the extraction of a consistent and reliable measure online and close to real time. Hemodynamic parameters such as heart rate and blood pressure are not, at least with the traditional single parameter versus time presentation, ...
Jaeger K - - 2000
In recent years, the neuroradiological treatment of cerebral and spinal arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) has undergone significant evolution and improvement. Endovascular embolisation procedures of AVMs are mainly performed under general anaesthesia. Different pathophysiological characteristics of patients with AMVs must be considered for the choice of the anaesthetic procedures. Anaesthesiological management must ...
Suzuki A - - 2000
The concentrations of nitrous oxide, sevoflurane and oxygen in the circle system of a closed-circuit anaesthesia machine, the PhysioFlex, were measured in seven patients. During anaesthesia, the settings for each gas were changed and their concentrations recorded. At the induction of anaesthesia, it took 80-510s (median 190s) for the end-tidal ...
Cruz M L - - 2000
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of several drug combinations (atropine, xylazine, romifidine, methotrimeprazine, midazolam, or fentanyl) with ketamine for short term anesthesia in cats. Twelve cats were anesthetized 6 times by using a cross-over Latin square protocol: methotrimeprazine was combined with midazolam, ketamine, and fentanyl; ...
Kihara S - - 2000
We have tested the hypothesis that intubation success rates, haemodynamic changes, airway complications and postoperative pharyngolaryngeal morbidity differ between blind and lightwand-guided intubation through the intubating laryngeal mask airway. One hundred and twenty paralysed anasthetised adult patients (ASA I-II, no known or predicted difficult airways) were assigned in a random ...
Stabile P - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the anesthetic efficacy and heart rate effects of an intraosseous (IO) injection of 1.5% etidocaine with 1:200,000 epinephrine after an inferior alveolar nerve block. STUDY DESIGN: In a repeated-measures designed study, 48 subjects randomly received 2 combinations of injections at 2 ...
Bruhn J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The authors hypothesized that the electroencephalogram (EEG) during higher anesthetic concentrations would show more "order" and less "randomness" than at lower anesthetic concentrations. "Approximate entropy" is a new statistical parameter derived from the Kolmogorov-Sinai entropy formula which quantifies the amount of regularity in data. The approximate entropy quantifies the ...
Madsen B - - 2000
CO2 and N2 anesthetized Nephila spiders produced dragline silk with mechanical properties that differed from control silk as a function of time under anesthesia. Silk from CO2 spiders had a significantly lower breaking strain and breaking energy, significantly higher initial modulus, and marginally lower breaking stress. At the onset of ...
Benson G J - - 2000
To determine the effect of medetomidine on the stress response induced by ovariohysterectomy in isoflurane-anesthetized dogs. Prospective randomized study. Twelve healthy adult female purpose-bred dogs, weighing 16.8 to 25 kg. Two treatments were randomly administered to each of twelve dogs at weekly intervals: (1) Saline injected IM followed in 15 ...
Koppel R A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Medium-depth chemical peels are an effective and popular treatment for actinic damage, fine wrinkles, and pigmentary dyschromias. However, they are also uncomfortable. A previous attempt to study the effectiveness of a topical anesthetic gel in 35% trichloroacetic acid (TCA) peeling found a reduction in discomfort but an increased depth ...
Weiss M - - 2000
To determine the impact of infusion line compliance on the time to occlusion alarm (occlusion time) and the size of the subsequent occlusion release bolus, we studied three different infusion lines in combination with a 50-ml and 10-ml syringe. The mean occlusion time of the 50-ml syringe amounted to 20.3 ...
Murao K - - 2000
Volatile anesthetics may be used to treat status epilepticus when conventional drugs are ineffective. We studied 30 cats to compare the inhibitory effects of sevoflurane, isoflurane, and halothane on penicillin-induced status epilepticus. Anesthesia was induced and maintained with one of the three volatile anesthetics in oxygen. Penicillin G was injected ...
Zacny J P - - 1999
AIMS: To characterize the reinforcing, subjective and psychomotor effects of sevoflurane, a volatile anesthetic, across a range of subanesthetic concentrations in non-drug-abusing humans. In addition, a concentration of nitrous oxide was included in the design in order to compare and contrast behavioral effects of a gaseous to a volatile anesthesic. ...
Ross J A - - 1999
The addition of 0.25% isoflurane to 50% nitrous oxide in oxygen provides more effective pain relief in labour than 50% nitrous oxide alone. This study was carried out to determine whether self-administration by demand valve of 0.25% isoflurane in 50% nitrous oxide in oxygen premixed in cylinders at 13.7 MPa ...
Merle J C - - 1999
We compared two techniques of cervical plexus blockade (CPB) for carotid endarterectomy. Cervical plexus nerve block was performed with a combination of bupivacaine and lidocaine, with injections at the C2-C3, C3-C4, and C4-C5 transverse processes in 11 patients (classical CPB) or with a single injection after localization of the cervical ...
Dodam J R - - 1999
The purpose of this study was to assess carbon monoxide (CO) exposure during equine anesthesia with either halothane (H) or isoflurane (I) delivered in a circle rebreathing system. Prospective clinical investigation. Fifty client-owned horses. Horses were randomly assigned for anesthetic maintenance with H (n = 26) or I (n = ...
Siu A W - - 1999
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of prior anesthesia on the time to full cycloplegia in young Chinese subjects. METHODS: The amplitude of accommodation was monitored over a 50-minute interval after the application of 1% cyclopentolate hydrochloride with a pretreatment of 0.4% benoxinate (oxybuprocaine) or 0.9% saline solution (control). Using a ...
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