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Results 201 - 250 of 880
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Almajed Athari - - 2012
The ability to perform exercise is an important determinant of both longevity and quality of life for patients with Cystic Fibrosis. There are a variety of physical and behavioural factors that contribute to exercise limitation. These, such as lung function or habitual physical activity, change over time. However, these factors ...
Boulet Louis-Philippe - - 2012
Respiratory diseases such as asthma, chronic cough, recurrent respiratory infections and various upper airways conditions are common in elite athletes, but these conditions are often underdiagnosed and undertreated. Recurrent cough, often observed after exercise, is the most commonly reported symptom in athletes, particularly winter athletes, but it does not predict ...
Horiuchi Masahiro - - 2012
It is established that regular aerobic training improves vascular function, for example, endothelium-dependent vasodilatation and arterial stiffness or compliance and thereby constitutes a preventative measure against cardiovascular disease. In contrast, high-intensity resistance training impairs vascular function, while the influence of moderate-intensity resistance training on vascular function is still controversial. However, ...
Gligoroska Jasmina Pluncevic - - 2012
The presumption that physical activity, i.e. exercise, as an independent and separated factor influences different aspects of cognitive mechanisms is substantially supported by the literature. The investigations of the influence of physical activity on cognitive functioning have offered several mechanisms which could explain this relationship. Physiological mechanisms including increased cerebral ...
Siahpoosh Mb - - 2012
In the modern medical era it has been known as well that physical activity and exercise are important factors to prevent from different chronic diseases. Scientifically, there are numerous evidence based studies about protective role of exercise against chronic diseases such as cardio- respiratory diseases, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia etc, which ...
Povesi Dascola Carlotta - - 2012
Exercise-induced anaphylaxis (EIA) is a distinct form of physical allergy. The development of anaphylaxis during exertion often requires the concomitant exposure to triggering factors such as intake of foods (food dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis) or drugs prior to exercise, extreme environmental conditions. EIA is a rare, but serious disorder, which is ...
Smith Denise L - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of personal protective equipment (PPE) on cardiovascular and metabolic responses during incremental exercise, and to determine if PPE affects the relationship between heart rate (HR) and oxygen uptake when expressed as the chronotropic index (CI). Ten male participants performed graded ...
Takai Itsushi - - 2012
Aim: It is important to promote self-efficacy for exercise for developing exercise habit. The purpose of this study was to investigate factors influenced by self-efficacy for exercise among community-dwelling elderly men in urban areas. Methods: The subjects were 69 elderly men (mean age of 74.2±2.0 SD) who had given approval ...
Moreno-Murcia Juan A JA University of Miguel Hernández of Elche - - 2012
This study aimed to cross-validate the psychometric properties of the Basic Psychological Needs in Exercise Scale (BPNES) by Vlachopoulos and Michailidou, 2006 in a Spanish context. Two studies were conducted. Confirmatory factor analysis results confirmed the hypothesized three-factor solution In addition, we documented evidence of reliability, analysed as internal consistency ...
Sangsawang Bussara - - 2011
sangsawang b. & serisathien y. (2011) Effect of pelvic floor muscle exercise programme on stress urinary incontinence among pregnant women. Journal of Advanced Nursing00(0), 000-000. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2011.05890.x ABSTRACT: Aim.  This article is a report of a study of the effects of a pelvic floor muscle exercise programme on the severity of ...
López-Segovia Manuel - - 2011
The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between power variables in the vertical jump and full squat with the sprint performance in soccer players. Fourteen under-21 soccer players were evaluated in two testing sessions separated by 7 days. In the first testing session, vertical jump height in ...
Reissig Elizabeth Chang - - 2011
A potential cause of pododermatitis ("bumblefoot") was investigated in captive-reared juvenile black stilts at the Department of Conservation "Kaki Recovery Program" at Twizel, New Zealand. To address the importance of substrate, the development of clinical signs in individuals was compared among aviaries that contained rubber matting and/or salt footbaths, and ...
Kim Eun-Young - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of supervised and unsupervised pelvic floor muscle exercises utilizing trunk stabilization for treating postpartum urinary incontinence and to compare the outcomes. DESIGN: Randomized, single-blind controlled study. SETTING: Outpatient rehabilitation hospital. SUBJECTS: Eighteen subjects with postpartum urinary incontinence. INTERVENTIONS: Subjects were randomized to either a supervised ...
Riddell Michael C - - 2011
Physical activity (PA) is one of the most powerful treatment options for persons with prediabetes or diabetes. However, some elevation in risk occurs with increased PA, at least initially, and certain precautions need to be made to lower these risks, particularly if these persons are unaccustomed to exercise. We conducted ...
- - 2011
This Best Practice Information Sheet is derived from 21 studies and aims to synthesize the best available evidence on the effectiveness of pelvic floor muscle exercises on urinary incontinence in women following childbirth. The information that is contained in this sheet has been derived from studies that were included in ...
Greenhaff Paul L - - 2011
On first impression the 'whole-istic approach to understanding biology' that has been used to describe Systems Biology bears a striking resemblance to what many of us know as Integrative Physiology. However, closer scrutiny reveals that at the present time Systems Biology is rooted in processes operating at a cellular level ...
Arnold C M - - 2011
Purpose: Older adults with decreased confidence in their ability to prevent a fall may benefit from an exercise programme that includes self-efficacy-enhancing education. The objectives of this study were to explore differences in fall-risk outcomes in older adults with higher vs. lower levels of falls efficacy and to evaluate the ...
Atashak Sirvan S Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Mahabad Branch, Islamic Azad University , Mahabad, - - 2011
Obesity and its metabolic consequences are major risk factors for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. However, lifestyle interventions, including exercise training and dietary components may decrease cardiovascular risk. Hence, this study was conducted to assess the effects of ginger supplementation and progressive resistance training on some cardiovascular risk factors in obese ...
Erol Atilla - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In polymorphonuclear leucocytes, phagocytosis and respiratory burst activity are mainly responsible for bacterial killing. We aimed to investigate the effects of anaesthesia with desflurane, sevoflurane and propofol on these functional activities of polymorphonuclear leucocytes in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. METHODS: Sixty patients scheduled to have tympanoplasty surgery were ...
Srinivasan Narasimhan - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this prospective, randomized, double-blind study was to compare the anesthetic efficacy of 4% articaine and 2% lidocaine (both with 1:100,000 epinephrine) for buccal infiltration in patients experiencing irreversible pulpitis in maxillary posterior teeth. STUDY DESIGN: Forty patients with irreversible pulpitis in first premolar or first molar ...
Dobashi Noriyuki - - 2009
It is said that the result of the game of sports is controlled by player's mental state. Especially, player's concentration greatly controls the result of the game. Therefore, we think that if player's mental state under exercising can be evaluated, it becomes possible to guide the player appropriately. Our mental ...
Shibuya Kazuhiro - - 2009
Propofol is widely used for neurosurgical anesthesia; however, its effects on the pial microvasculature are unknown. We therefore evaluated the direct effects of propofol on pial microvessels in rabbits. Pial microcirculation was visualized using a closed cranial window technique in 20 Japanese white rabbits. In the first experiment (n=14), after ...
Thomson Kaivo K University of Jyväskylä , Finland ; Tallinn University , - - 2009
Substantial research exists in relation to the effect of fatigue on the cognitive skills of athletes. Very few studies in the sport domain, however, have investigated decision-making time and accuracy in relation to the discrimination of the speed of a moving object following exercise at maximal intensity. The purpose of ...
Aho A J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Entropy is an anaesthetic EEG monitoring method, calculating two numerical parameters: State Entropy (SE, range 0-91) and Response Entropy (RE, range 0-100). Low Entropy numbers indicate unconsciousness. SE uses the frequency range 0.8-32 Hz, representing predominantly the EEG activity. RE is calculated at 0.8-47 Hz, consisting of both EEG ...
Gunter Joel B - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Anesthesia machines must be flushed of halogenated anesthetics before use in patients susceptible to malignant hyperthermia. We studied the kinetics of sevoflurane clearance in the Dräger Fabius anesthesia machine and compared them to a conventional anesthesia machine (Dräger Narkomed GS). METHODS: Before each trial, the anesthesia machine was contaminated ...
Hayashi K - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hyperventilation, with the resulting hypocapnia, reduces cerebral blood flow and causes slowing of the EEG activity. However, neuronal oscillating properties including the thalamocortical network during hyperventilation have not been elucidated. To assess these features provoked by hyperventilation, the present study examined quadratic phase coupling features by means of bicoherence ...
Bert B - - 2008
Beagle dogs continue to be used in experimental studies and preclinical and clinical trials, many of which address the usage of anaesthesia. In order to reduce the number of animals, researchers tend to conduct several experiments on a single animal. The question arises, however, as to whether or not this ...
Joshi Girish P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Thoracotomy induces severe postoperative pain and impairment of pulmonary function, and therefore regional analgesia has been intensively studied in this procedure. Thoracic epidural analgesia is commonly considered the "gold standard" in this setting; however, evaluation of the evidence is needed to assess the comparative benefits of alternative techniques, guide ...
Kim D H - - 2008
This study was designed to evaluate the effect of target controlled infusion of propofol on QTc interval and tracheal intubation. Twenty-five unpremedicated, ASA class I or II patients were selected and target concentration infusion of propofol at 5 microg x ml(-1) was used throughout the study. The QTc interval was ...
Koch M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: It is increasingly believed that acute microvascular alterations may be involved in the development of organ dysfunction in critically ill patients. Propofol significantly decreases vascular tone and venous return, which can induce arterial hypotension. However, little is known about the microcirculatory effects of propofol in healthy humans. METHODS: We ...
Goiz-Marquez G - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to evaluate both, clinically and with electroencephalographic (EEG) recordings, the effect of gold wire implants in acupuncture points in dogs with uncontrolled idiopathic epileptic seizures. Fifteen dogs with such diagnosis were enrolled in the study. A first EEG recording was performed in all dogs ...
Siddiqui Naveed - - 2008
Introduction: Airway manipulation during direct laryngoscopy (DL) and intubation can produce a marked physiological response. These changes can be detrimental in scenarios such as ischemic heart disease, aortic dissection or intracranial hemorrhage (1, 2). Minimizing oropharyngo-laryngeal stimulation or avoiding laryngoscopy may attenuate the hemodynamic response. In this prospective randomized control ...
Honkavaara Juhana M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of L-659,066, a peripheral alpha2-adrenoceptor antagonist, on dexmedetomidine-induced sedation and reduction in pulse rate (PR) in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, cross-over. Animals Six healthy laboratory Beagles. METHODS: All animals received dexmedetomidine (5 microg kg(-1) IV, DEX) alone or in combination with L-659,066 (250 microg kg(-1) ...
Borin Andrei - - 2008
AIM: To evaluate the function of cochlear outer hair-cells under the influence of extra-corporeal circulation and moderate hypothermia during cardiac surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. METHODS: Distortion-product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE) were registered before surgery, immediately after general anesthesia induction, during extra-corporeal circulation with moderate hypothermia and after the surgical ...
Shapton, Kristina N.
A free testosterone analog immunoassay kit was used to determine the effects of exercise, and exposure to isoflurane anesthetic on this hormone in Phodopus sungorus hamsters. Sixteen hamsters were split into two groups of eight, and were allowed access to both functional and locked running wheels for twelve weeks in ...
Kesimci E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of this prospective, randomized, double blind study was to evaluate the possible modification of in vivo nasal mucociliary clearance by three different volatile agents: sevoflurane, isoflurane and desflurane, following intravenous induction and tracheal intubation. METHODS: Following institutional approval and informed consent, 60 patients scheduled for ear and ...
Johnson Svena M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Since the introduction of cocaine in 1884, local anesthetics have been used as a mainstay of pain management. However, numerous studies over the past several decades have elucidated the supplemental role of local anesthetics as antimicrobial agents. In addition to their anesthetic properties, medications such as bupivacaine and lidocaine ...
Zacny James P - - 2008
Sevoflurane, an inhalant of the volatile anesthetic class, has neurobiological and behavioral effects in common with abused inhalants and ethanol. We sought to determine if choice for subanesthetic doses of sevoflurane, and its subjective and psychomotor effects, would differ as a function of alcohol-drinking status in healthy volunteers. The effects ...
Weil Lawrence - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe and answer questions concerning the spread of contrast in patients receiving correctly placed lumbar epidural steroid injections (ESIs) under fluoroscopy. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: An outpatient surgery center. PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive patients (N=114) receiving ESIs under fluoroscopy who met inclusion criteria. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: ...
Langen Kenneth E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A decreased latency of onset of neural blockade has been noted when muscular exercise of the hand was performed after supraclavicular brachial plexus block using lidocaine. In this observational study, we examined the effect of repetitive muscle contraction of the hand on the speed of onset of interscalene brachial ...
Malan C A - - 2008
Direct laryngoscopy is performed regularly in paediatric anaesthetic practice for the purpose of intubating a patient's trachea. A minimum illumination of 700 lux at a distance of 20 mm has been suggested in a draft standard for laryngoscopes from the International Organization for Standardization. We investigated the minimum and optimum ...
De Cooman Sofie - - 2008
ABSTRACT: The Zeus(R) (Dräger, Lübeck, Germany), an automated closed-circuit anesthesia machine, uses high fresh gas flows (FGF) to wash-in the circuit and the lungs, and intermittently flushes the system to remove unwanted N2. We hypothesized this could increase desflurane consumption to such an extent that agent consumption might become higher ...
Petyim S - - 2007
The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of the ovum pick-up (OPU) technique on animal well-being. Eight dairy heifers were subjected to 4 months of twice-weekly OPU. The physiological response to OPU was recorded in four heifers at two sessions, at the beginning (time 1) and ...
Ozcan P E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In this clinical randomized study, the effects of four anaesthesia techniques during one-lung ventilation [total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) with or without thoracic epidural anaesthesia (TEA) (G-TIVA-TEA and G-TIVA), isoflurane anaesthesia with or without TEA (G-ISO-TEA and G-ISO)] on pulmonary venous admixture (Qs/Qt) and oxygenation (OLV) were investigated. METHODS: In ...
Wender R - - 2007
The Intubating Laryngeal Mask Airway (ILMA) is a supraglottic airway that facilitates ventilation and blind tracheal intubation. The LMA CTrach is functionally identical to the ILMA, but has an integrated fibreoptic bundle that provides a view of the larynx. This enables visualisation of tracheal intubation while delivering 100% oxygen, with ...
Ekman Andreas - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There are conflicting results on the influence of neuromuscular block (NMB) on the bispectral index (BIS). We investigated the influence of two degrees of NMB on BIS, Alaris auditory-evoked potential index (AAI), and the electromyogram (EMG) obtained with needle electrodes from the frontal and temporal muscles, immediately adjacent to ...
Zausig Y A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In medicine, the use of standard operating procedures (SOPs) is often evaluated using questionnaires (QUES). However, QUES can have limitations with regard to method, thus leading to errors. Simulation (SIM) offers another opportunity for evaluation. We hypothesized that medical errors in the evaluation of SOPs using QUES could be ...
Gibson T J - - 2007
AIM: To validate use of the electroencephalogram (EEG) and a minimal anaesthesia model for assessment of noxious sensory input caused by scoop dehorning of calves. METHODS: Twenty Friesian heifers weighing 125-178 kg were maintained under light general anaesthesia using halothane and an established protocol (minimal anaesthesia model). They were then ...
Ito Emiko - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of 10% dextran and epinephrine on intraosseous injection with lidocaine in rabbits. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty male Japanese white rabbits were used. The effect of intraosseous injection was evaluated using an electromyogram (EMG) of the digastric muscle after electrical pulp stimulation. Two percent lidocaine alone (L), ...
McCartney Colin J L - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although clonidine has been shown to prolong analgesia in central neuraxial blocks, its use in peripheral nerve blocks remains controversial. We performed a systematic review of the current literature to determine the benefit of adding clonidine to peripheral nerve blocks. METHODS: A systematic, qualitative review of double-blind ...
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