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Szabo Attila - - 2013
Background The psychological benefits of exercise are repeatedly and consistently reported in the literature. Various forms of exercise, varying in duration and intensity, yield comparably positive changes in affect, which sheds doubt on the significance of exercise characteristics in the acute mental health benefits resulting from physical activity. Aims Based ...
Park Kyung-Mi - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of isometric horizontal abduction using Thera-Band during three exercises (forward flexion, scaption, and wall push-up plus) in subjects with scapular winging by investigating the electromyographic (EMG) amplitude of the pectoralis major, serratus anterior and the pectoralis major/serratus anterior activity ratio. ...
Birdee Gurjeet S GS Division of General Internal Medicine & Pediatrics, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232, USA. - - 2013
T'ai chi is a form of mind-body practice used as exercise in China, though limited data are available on characteristics of t'ai chi users and factors associated with practice. Characteristics of and factors associated with t'ai chi practice among middle-aged and elder Chinese in Shanghai China were analyzed utilizing baseline ...
Faiss Raphael - - 2013
While intermittent hypoxic training (IHT) has been reported to evoke cellular responses via hypoxia inducible factors (HIFs) but without substantial performance benefits in endurance athletes, we hypothesized that repeated sprint training in hypoxia could enhance repeated sprint ability (RSA) performed in normoxia via improved glycolysis and O(2) utilization. 40 trained ...
Ma Yuewen - - 2013
Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) are considered to mediate the inflammatory reaction of cerebral ischemia injury, and exercise can inhibit the activity of the Toll-like receptor signaling pathway in the peripheral blood of humans. Although physical exercise has been demonstrated to be neuroprotective in both clinical ...
Wright Andrew J - - 2013
An unprecedented 85 harbour porpoises stranded freshly dead along approximately 100 km of Danish coastline from 7-15 April, 2005. This total is considerably above the mean weekly stranding rate for the whole of Denmark, both for any time of year, 1.23 animals/week (ranging from 0 to 20 during 2003-2008, excluding ...
Chung Jin-Young - - 2013
Neurotrophin 4 (NT-4) belongs to the family of neurotrophic factors, and it interacts with the tyrosine kinase B (trkB) receptor. NT-4 has neuroprotective effects following cerebral ischemia. Its role might be similar to brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), because both interact with trkB. Exercise also improves neural function by increasing neurotrophic ...
Supariwala Azhar - - 2013
In patients with normal results on stress single-photon emission computed tomographic (SPECT) studies, coronary artery disease risk factors (RFs) and the mode of testing can influence the trajectory of long-term outcomes. Nevertheless, the combined prognostic impact of these commonly assessed factors has heretofore not been considered. In this study, all-cause ...
McPhate Lucy - - 2013
What factors are associated with adherence of older adults to group exercise interventions for the prevention of falls? What is the relationship between adherence and the falls prevention efficacy of the intervention? Systematic review with meta-analysis of randomised trials. Older adults (60 years and older) undertaking a group exercise intervention ...
Arıkan-Ayyıldız Zeynep - - 2013
Urticaria can be induced with a wide variety of environmental stimuli, such as cold, pressure, vibration, sunlight, exercise, temperature changes, heat, and water. Urticaria caused by physical factors has been reported as the cause of 6-17% of the chronic urticaria in children. We present three cases here - cholinergic, cold ...
Couto Mariana - - 2013
Olympic level athletes present an increased risk for asthma and allergy, especially those who take part in endurance sports, such as swimming or running, and in winter sports. Classical postulated mechanisms behind EIA include the osmotic, or airway-drying, hypothesis. Hyperventilation leads to evaporation of water and the airway surface liquid ...
Dionne Cassandra D - - 2013
Background. Using measures of explicit attitudes, physical activity status has been established as a factor that reduces the stigma able-bodied people hold towards people with physical disabilities. This phenomenon is called the exerciser stereotype. However, whether the exerciser stereotype exists when using measures of implicit attitudes remains unknown. Objective. The ...
Dimitrakaki Vithleem - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine the physical activity of children with and without asthma in Greece, the factors affecting their intention to exercise, and the influence of gender. The study involved 50 children with asthma and 50 children without asthma, aged 9-14-years old. We used the leisure ...
Baxter Alex - - 2013
Abstract Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) is a traditional Chinese medicine practice and martial art with biopsychosocial aspects. This study aimed to examine the impact of participation in TCC on multiple domains of Quality of Life (QoL) and to assess the involvement of the psychological factors of self-efficacy, Locus of Control ...
Tsang Tracey W - - 2013
This randomized, placebo-exercise controlled trial found that 6-months of Kung Fu training improved enjoyment of physical activity more than the placebo-exercise intervention, while both groups improved perceptions of behavioral conduct and changed strategies for physical activity. Importantly, family support for physical activity declined in subjects who had more visits to ...
Denham Joshua - - 2013
Telomere length is recognized as a marker of biological age, and shorter mean leukocyte telomere length is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. It is unclear whether repeated exposure to ultra-endurance aerobic exercise is beneficial or detrimental in the long-term and whether it attenuates biological aging. We quantified 67 ...
Takai Itsushi - - 2013
Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of comprehensive intervention on the development of exercise habits and self-perceived health among community-dwelling elderly individuals. Methods: A total of 44 elderly individuals (mean age: 71.1±5.0SD) who had provided consent to participate in the study were randomly allocated to ...
Moreno-Murcia Juan Antonio - - 2013
This study was conducted toward the objective of analyzing certain factors that influence physical activity in Spanish adolescent students using self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985; 2000) as a framework. Participants included 698 physical education students whose perception of the autonomy support provided by their teachers was assessed in and ...
Niederdeppe Jeff J Cornell University, Department of Communication, 328 Kennedy Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853. E-mail: - - 2013
Reducing rates of obesity will require interventions that influence both individual decisions and environmental factors through changes in public policy. Previous work indicates that messages emphasizing environmental determinants increases support for public policies, but some suspect this strategy may undermine motivation to engage in diet and exercise. Study 1 involved ...
Stuckey Melanie I MI School of Kinesiology, The University of Western Ontario , London, ON , Canada ; Aging, Rehabilitation and Geriatric Care Research Centre, Lawson Health Research Institute , London, ON , - - 2013
This study tested the hypothesis that an 8-week exercise intervention supported by mobile health (mHealth) technology would improve metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk factors and heart rate variability (HRV) in a population with MetS risk factors. Participants (n = 12; three male; aged 56.9 ± 7.0 years) reported to the laboratory for assessment of MetS risk ...
Kim Hyunna H Department of Social Welfare, Cheongam College, Suncheon, - - 2013
Internet addiction after launching smartphone is becoming serious. Therefore this paper has attempted to sketch out the diverse addiction treatment and then check the feasibility of exercise rehabilitation. The reason to addict the internet or smartphone is personalized individual characters related personal psychological and emotional factors and social environmental factors ...
Barfield J P JP School of Sport Science, 376 Hale St, Endicott College, Beverly, MA 01945, USA. - - 2013
Lack of exercise is a major risk factor for secondary conditions among persons dependent upon motorized wheelchairs. Power wheelchair soccer is a unique exercise opportunity for this population, and understanding factors that influence exercise decision-making is necessary for clinicians to help those in motorized chairs reduce their secondary risk. Therefore, ...
Koufaki Pelagia - - 2013
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is becoming a serious health problem throughout the world and is one of the most potent known risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) which is considered the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in this cohort of patients. Additional independent risk factors for poor health outcomes ...
Young Sarah S Clinical Psychology Unit, Mackie Building K01, School of Psychology, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, 2006, - - 2013
Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) traits and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) are commonly associated with patients with Anorexia Nervosa (AN). The aim of this review was to systematically search the literature to examine whether OCPD and OCD are positively associated with excessive exercise in patients with AN. A systematic electronic search of ...
Gorman Erin E Centre for Hip Health and Mobility, Vancouver ; Department of Family - - 2013
To identify exercise patterns and perceived barriers, enablers, and motivators to engaging in exercise for older adults following hip fracture. Telephone interviews were conducted with older adults (aged 62-97 y) within 1 year after hip fracture. Participants were asked about basic demographic information; level of mobility before hip fracture; current ...
Stuckey Melanie I - - 2013
Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of cardiovascular risk factors that greatly increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Regular exercise improves the risk profile, but most people do not successfully change their exercise habits to beneficially reduce risk. Tailored exercise prescribed by a family physician has ...
Sabourin Brigitte C BC Department of Psychology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada. - - 2013
The fear of arousal sensations characterizes some anxiety disorders and is a core feature of an established risk factor for anxiety and related disorders (i.e. anxiety sensitivity; Taylor, 1999). Anxiety sensitivity (AS) refers to a fear of anxiety-related bodily sensations stemming from beliefs that these have catastrophic consequences. Interoceptive exposure ...
Chen Yu-Wen - - 2012
High shear stress (HS) associated with artery stenosis facilitates thrombin generation (TG) by increasing the release of procoagulant platelet-derived microparticles (PDMPs). Physical exercise and hypoxia may paradoxically modulate vascular thrombotic risks. This study investigated how exercise training with/without hypoxia affected TG mediated by PDMPs under physio-pathological shear flows. Seventy five ...
Yasunaga Akitomo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to examine the association between the level of exercise behavior and individual and environmental factors related to exercise behavior among female Japanese undergraduate students. METHODS: The participants were 2,482 female Japanese undergraduate students. Participants' level of exercise behavior was measured by the ...
Hilberg Thomas - - 2012
Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the topic of physical training and blood coagulation are rare and the effects are unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate whether endurance training adjusts blood coagulation and fibrinolysis at rest and after exercise. The study included 50 healthy untrained non-smokers randomized into ...
Park Jong-Won - - 2012
Abstract The present study addresses whether exercise during pregnancy in mouse alters mitochondrial function in the brains of the resultant offspring. We divided pregnant mice into 4 groups: a control group (CON), and groups of mice that exercised for 20 (E20m), 30 (E30m), and 40 min per day (E40m). The pregnant ...
Morita Noriteru - - 2012
Background: This study compared older men and women with cardiovascular (CV) risk factors in terms of the effects of a 6-month exercise intervention on high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels, blood pressure (BP) and other risk factors. Methods and Results: Sixty older (age 61-79) overweight men and 71 such women with 2 or ...
Rosenhagen A - - 2012
Exercise induced asthma (EIA) common in endurance and other athletes limits physical activity. Although a correlation between recurrent childhood bronchitis and the development of asthma has been reported, its relation to EIA in adult athletes has not been assessed. The study evaluates the EIA risk after recurrent childhood wheezing (RCW) ...
Appaneal Renee N - - 2012
Current reviews outside of sport indicate that the Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R) items load on two separate factors (optimism and pessimism) and, therefore, should be treated as independent constructs. However, researchers in the sport sciences continue to use the single composite score reflecting a unidimensional definition of optimism. Hence, I ...
Chen Mei-Feng MF Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, National Cheng Kung University Medical College, Tainan, - - 2013
Closed-head injury (CHI) usually involves both physical damage of neurons and neuroinflammation. Although exercise promotes neuronal repair and suppresses neuroinflammation, CHI patients currently often remain resting during the post-traumatic period. This study aimed to investigate whether and how postinjury exercise benefited the brain structure and function in mice after CHI. ...
Galea Vassiliki - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension links to a prothrombotic state driven by endothelial dysfunction, reduced fibrinolytic potential and platelet hyperactivity. We hypothesized that ramipril treatment would favourably modify the haemostatic response to a submaximal aerobic exercise session in hypertensives. METHODS: Twenty-four hypertensive patients underwent a submaximal exercise test before and after 13±2 months ...
Laskowski Edward R - - 2012
The United States is in the midst of a significant public health problem that relates to obesity and inactivity. This epidemic has far-ranging consequences for our workforce and our children and shows no signs of slowing in the near future. Significant research has been performed on the effects of exercise ...
Cid Luis - - 2012
The main purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the Behavioral Regulation in Exercise Questionnaire (BREQ-2) and to test the hypothesis that the different types of behavioral regulation can be combined on a single factor to assess autonomous and controlled motivation. Data ...
Jennings I - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The APTT is widely employed as part of a coagulation screening panel, used as a pre-operative assessment of bleeding risk, to detect hereditary and acquired haemostatic defects and to monitor anticoagulant therapy. External quality assessment (EQA) exercises assess laboratory performance of individual tests, but rarely assess the approach to ...
Magnan Renee E RE Department of Psychology, Washington State University Vancouver, Vancouver, WA, USA. - - 2013
Affective responses during exercise are often important determinants of exercise initiation and maintenance. Current physical activity may be one individual difference that is associated with the degree to which individuals have positive (or negative) affective experiences during exercise. The objective of this study was to explore physical and cognitive explanations ...
Ginde Salil - - 2012
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Following repair of congenital heart disease (CHD), adult patients are at risk for reduced exercise capacity. Restrictive lung disease (RLD) may contribute to reduced exercise capacity in this population. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of RLD and its impact on exercise tolerance in the ...
Czepa D - - 2012
Episodes of bleeding in people with haemophilia (PWH) are associated with reduced activity and limitations in physical performance. Within the scope of the 'Haemophilia & Exercise Project' (HEP) PWH were trained in a sports therapy programme. Aim of this study was to investigate subjective and objective physical performance in HEP-participants ...
Leeper Nicholas J NJ Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA. - - 2013
The objective of this study was to assess the predictive value of clinical and exercise test variables in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). A customized symptom-limited ramp treadmill protocol was used to assess 725 PAD patients referred for exercise testing at the Palo Alto Veterans Hospital between 1997 and ...
Hall Katherine S - - 2012
The current study examined the psychometric properties and validity of the Multidimensional Outcome Expectations for Exercise Scale (MOEES) in a sample of older adults with physical and functional comorbidities. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to examine the hypothesized 3-factor model in 108 older adults (M age 85 yr) residing in ...
Murray Aja L - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to explore the relationship between exercise identity and exercise dependence. We hypothesized that stronger exercise identities would be associated with greater odds of experiencing exercise dependence symptoms. DESIGN: Logistic regression was used to assess the extent of association between exercise identity and the ...
Song Misoon - - 2012
This study examined the effect of a combined program of exercise training and self-management education on risk factors for diabetes complications and adherence behavior. A two-group, quasi-experimental study design was used to test the 12-week intervention program with community-dwelling older adults in Korea. Change scores (from baseline to Week 13) ...
Parker Lisa S - - 2012
The possibility of genetic enhancement to increase the likelihood of success in sport and life's prospects raises questions for accounts of sport and theories of justice. These questions obviously include the fairness of such enhancement and its relationship to the goals of sport and demands of justice. Of equal interest, ...
Tilley Nigel R - - 2012
The physical demands required of the body to execute a shot in golf are enormous. Current evidence suggests that warm-up involving static stretching is detrimental to immediate performance in golf as opposed to active dynamic stretching. However the effect of resistance exercises during warm-up before golf on immediate performance is ...
Mittal S R - - 2012
Effect of treadmill stress test on tricuspid flow and tissue Doppler imaging of tricuspid annulus were evaluated in 26 healthy persons. Exercise resulted in significant increase in A-wave velocity and significant reduction in E-wave deceleration time and E/A ratio. On tissue Doppler imaging Aa-wave increased significantly with decrease in isovolumic ...
Vogiatzis Ioannis - - 2012
The major limitation to exercise performance in patients with chronic lung diseases is an issue of great importance since identifying the factors that prevent these patients from carrying out activities of daily living provides an important perspective for the choice of the appropriate therapeutic strategy. The factors that limit exercise ...
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