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Zeyner A - - 2013
Based on a series of exercise tests which included the estimation of sweat losses, this article proposes a novel sweat scoring system for exercising horses. This provides a practical estimate of individual animal exercise-induced sweat losses, based on visible appearance of sweat on the coat after work, which takes into ...
Simpson R C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There is no defined set of criteria for diagnosing erosive lichen planus affecting the vulva (ELPV) and there is geographical variation in management. OBJECTIVES: To reach consensus on clinico-pathological diagnostic criteria for ELPV. METHODS: This was a three-stage international electronic-Delphi exercise with a subsequent formal feedback process. In the ...
Groen W G - - 2013
Increase of factor VIII activity (FVIII) after physical exercise has been reported in healthy subjects and small-scale studies in patients with coagulopathies. The aim was to study whether moderate and mild haemophilia A patients are able to increase their endogenous FVIII activity levels by physical activity. We studied changes in ...
Gläser Sven - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Besides exercise intolerance, the assessment of ventilatory and perfusion adequacy allows additional insights in the disease pathophysiology in many cardiovascular or pulmonary diseases. Valid measurements of dead space/tidal volume ratios (VD/VT), arterial (a') - end-tidal (et) carbon dioxide (CO2) and oxygen (O2) pressure differences (p(a'-et)CO2) and (p(et-a')O2), ...
Edgett Brittany A - - 2013
This study examined changes in the expression of translation initiation regulatory proteins and mRNA following both an acute bout of endurance exercise and chronic muscle contractile activity. Female Sprague Dawley rats ran for 2 h at 15 m·min(-1) followed by an increase in speed of 5 m·min(-1) every 5 min ...
Tripette Julien - - 2013
This review presents the epidemiological data regarding the exercise-related complication in exercising sickle cell trait carriers, and focuses on the different potential mechanisms that could be involved in these adverse events, such as hemorheological alterations, inflammation, vascular adhesion of circulating blood cells, oxidative stress and impaired nitric oxide metabolism. We ...
Yun Y H - - 2013
BackgroundTo evaluate the long-term needs of lung cancer survivors and to explore factors associated with unmet need.Patients and methodsWe recruited lung patients treated with curative surgery from 2001 through 2006 at two centers in Korea. Needs in the domains of information, supportive care, education and counseling, and socioeconomic support were ...
Glover Crystal M - - 2013
Lack of exercise is a risk factor for various negative health outcomes. Some research suggests people with severe mental illnesses are less likely to engage in exercise than the general population. The purpose of this report is to document, analyze, and understand self-identified barriers to exercise that may be especially ...
Houle John D JD Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy, Spinal Cord Research Center, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19129, USA. - - 2013
Current dogma states that meaningful recovery of function after spinal cord injury (SCI) will likely require a combination of therapeutic interventions comprised of regenerative/neuroprotective transplants, addition of neurotrophic factors, elimination of inhibitory molecules, functional sensorimotor training, and/or stimulation of paralyzed muscles or spinal circuits. We routinely use (1) peripheral nerve ...
Tappe Karyn A - - 2013
Habit formation may be important to maintaining repetitive healthy behaviors like exercise. Existing habit questionnaires only measure part of the definition of habit (automaticity; frequency). A novel habit questionnaire was evaluated that measured contextual cueing. We designed a two-stage observational cohort study of regular exercisers. For stage 1, we conducted ...
Montero-Fernández N - - 2013
Sarcopenia leads to a loss of strength, later on to a decreased functional status, impaired mobility, a higher risk of falls, and eventually an increased risk of mortality. There are many factors responsible for the decline of muscle mass and muscle strength associated with aging, although the complex, multi-factorial mechanisms ...
Stevenson Christopher S - - 2013
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality, which is most commonly associated with smoking or exposure to environmental pollutants. Unfortunately, there is an inadequate understanding of the molecular and physiological determinants governing one's susceptibility for developing COPD. Here, we describe a novel hypothesis: Individuals with ...
Cuk I I Faculty of Sport, University of Ljubljana, - - 2013
In gymnastics every exercise finishes with a landing. The quality of landing depends on subjective (e.g. biomechanical) and objective (e.g. mechanical characteristics of landing area) factors. The aim of our research was to determine which biomechanical (temporal, kinematic and dynamic) characteristics of landing best predict the quality of landing. Twelve ...
Janssen Veronica - - 2013
As maintenance of lifestyle change and risk factor modification following completion of cardiac rehabilitation has been shown to be notoriously difficult, we developed a brief self-regulation lifestyle program for post-cardiac rehabilitation patients. Randomized-controlled trial. Following completion of cardiac rehabilitation 210 patients were randomized to receive either a lifestyle maintenance program ...
Szabo Attila - - 2013
Background The psychological benefits of exercise are repeatedly and consistently reported in the literature. Various forms of exercise, varying in duration and intensity, yield comparably positive changes in affect, which sheds doubt on the significance of exercise characteristics in the acute mental health benefits resulting from physical activity. Aims Based ...
Park Kyung-Mi - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of isometric horizontal abduction using Thera-Band during three exercises (forward flexion, scaption, and wall push-up plus) in subjects with scapular winging by investigating the electromyographic (EMG) amplitude of the pectoralis major, serratus anterior and the pectoralis major/serratus anterior activity ratio. ...
Birdee Gurjeet S - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: T'ai chi is a form of mind-body practice used as exercise in China, though limited data are available on characteristics of t'ai chi users and factors associated with practice. Methods: Characteristics of and factors associated with t'ai chi practice among middle-aged and elder Chinese in Shanghai China were ...
Faiss Raphael - - 2013
While intermittent hypoxic training (IHT) has been reported to evoke cellular responses via hypoxia inducible factors (HIFs) but without substantial performance benefits in endurance athletes, we hypothesized that repeated sprint training in hypoxia could enhance repeated sprint ability (RSA) performed in normoxia via improved glycolysis and O(2) utilization. 40 trained ...
Ma Yuewen - - 2013
Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) are considered to mediate the inflammatory reaction of cerebral ischemia injury, and exercise can inhibit the activity of the Toll-like receptor signaling pathway in the peripheral blood of humans. Although physical exercise has been demonstrated to be neuroprotective in both clinical ...
Wright Andrew J - - 2013
An unprecedented 85 harbour porpoises stranded freshly dead along approximately 100 km of Danish coastline from 7-15 April, 2005. This total is considerably above the mean weekly stranding rate for the whole of Denmark, both for any time of year, 1.23 animals/week (ranging from 0 to 20 during 2003-2008, excluding ...
Chung Jin-Young - - 2013
Neurotrophin 4 (NT-4) belongs to the family of neurotrophic factors, and it interacts with the tyrosine kinase B (trkB) receptor. NT-4 has neuroprotective effects following cerebral ischemia. Its role might be similar to brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), because both interact with trkB. Exercise also improves neural function by increasing neurotrophic ...
Supariwala Azhar - - 2013
In patients with normal results on stress single-photon emission computed tomographic (SPECT) studies, coronary artery disease risk factors (RFs) and the mode of testing can influence the trajectory of long-term outcomes. Nevertheless, the combined prognostic impact of these commonly assessed factors has heretofore not been considered. In this study, all-cause ...
McPhate Lucy - - 2013
What factors are associated with adherence of older adults to group exercise interventions for the prevention of falls? What is the relationship between adherence and the falls prevention efficacy of the intervention? Systematic review with meta-analysis of randomised trials. Older adults (60 years and older) undertaking a group exercise intervention ...
Arıkan-Ayyıldız Zeynep - - 2013
Urticaria can be induced with a wide variety of environmental stimuli, such as cold, pressure, vibration, sunlight, exercise, temperature changes, heat, and water. Urticaria caused by physical factors has been reported as the cause of 6-17% of the chronic urticaria in children. We present three cases here - cholinergic, cold ...
Couto Mariana - - 2013
Olympic level athletes present an increased risk for asthma and allergy, especially those who take part in endurance sports, such as swimming or running, and in winter sports. Classical postulated mechanisms behind EIA include the osmotic, or airway-drying, hypothesis. Hyperventilation leads to evaporation of water and the airway surface liquid ...
Dionne Cassandra D - - 2013
Background. Using measures of explicit attitudes, physical activity status has been established as a factor that reduces the stigma able-bodied people hold towards people with physical disabilities. This phenomenon is called the exerciser stereotype. However, whether the exerciser stereotype exists when using measures of implicit attitudes remains unknown. Objective. The ...
Dimitrakaki Vithleem - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine the physical activity of children with and without asthma in Greece, the factors affecting their intention to exercise, and the influence of gender. The study involved 50 children with asthma and 50 children without asthma, aged 9-14-years old. We used the leisure ...
Baxter Alex - - 2013
Abstract Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) is a traditional Chinese medicine practice and martial art with biopsychosocial aspects. This study aimed to examine the impact of participation in TCC on multiple domains of Quality of Life (QoL) and to assess the involvement of the psychological factors of self-efficacy, Locus of Control ...
Tsang Tracey W - - 2013
This randomized, placebo-exercise controlled trial found that 6-months of Kung Fu training improved enjoyment of physical activity more than the placebo-exercise intervention, while both groups improved perceptions of behavioral conduct and changed strategies for physical activity. Importantly, family support for physical activity declined in subjects who had more visits to ...
Denham Joshua - - 2013
Telomere length is recognized as a marker of biological age, and shorter mean leukocyte telomere length is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. It is unclear whether repeated exposure to ultra-endurance aerobic exercise is beneficial or detrimental in the long-term and whether it attenuates biological aging. We quantified 67 ...
Takai Itsushi - - 2013
Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of comprehensive intervention on the development of exercise habits and self-perceived health among community-dwelling elderly individuals. Methods: A total of 44 elderly individuals (mean age: 71.1±5.0SD) who had provided consent to participate in the study were randomly allocated to ...
Moreno-Murcia Juan Antonio - - 2013
This study was conducted toward the objective of analyzing certain factors that influence physical activity in Spanish adolescent students using self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985; 2000) as a framework. Participants included 698 physical education students whose perception of the autonomy support provided by their teachers was assessed in and ...
Niederdeppe Jeff J Cornell University, Department of Communication, 328 Kennedy Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853. E-mail: - - 2013
Reducing rates of obesity will require interventions that influence both individual decisions and environmental factors through changes in public policy. Previous work indicates that messages emphasizing environmental determinants increases support for public policies, but some suspect this strategy may undermine motivation to engage in diet and exercise. Study 1 involved ...
Gorman Erin E Centre for Hip Health and Mobility, Vancouver ; Department of Family - - 2013
Purpose: To identify exercise patterns and perceived barriers, enablers, and motivators to engaging in exercise for older adults following hip fracture. Method: Telephone interviews were conducted with older adults (aged 62-97 y) within 1 year after hip fracture. Participants were asked about basic demographic information; level of mobility before hip ...
Stuckey Melanie I MI School of Kinesiology, The University of Western Ontario , London, ON , Canada ; Aging, Rehabilitation and Geriatric Care Research Centre, Lawson Health Research Institute , London, ON , - - 2013
This study tested the hypothesis that an 8-week exercise intervention supported by mobile health (mHealth) technology would improve metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk factors and heart rate variability (HRV) in a population with MetS risk factors. Participants (n = 12; three male; aged 56.9 ± 7.0 years) reported to the laboratory for assessment of MetS risk ...
Kim Hyunna H Department of Social Welfare, Cheongam College, Suncheon, - - 2013
Internet addiction after launching smartphone is becoming serious. Therefore this paper has attempted to sketch out the diverse addiction treatment and then check the feasibility of exercise rehabilitation. The reason to addict the internet or smartphone is personalized individual characters related personal psychological and emotional factors and social environmental factors ...
Chen Yu-Wen - - 2012
High shear stress (HS) associated with artery stenosis facilitates thrombin generation (TG) by increasing the release of procoagulant platelet-derived microparticles (PDMPs). Physical exercise and hypoxia may paradoxically modulate vascular thrombotic risks. This study investigated how exercise training with/without hypoxia affected TG mediated by PDMPs under physio-pathological shear flows. Seventy five ...
Yasunaga Akitomo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to examine the association between the level of exercise behavior and individual and environmental factors related to exercise behavior among female Japanese undergraduate students. METHODS: The participants were 2,482 female Japanese undergraduate students. Participants' level of exercise behavior was measured by the ...
Hilberg Thomas - - 2012
Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the topic of physical training and blood coagulation are rare and the effects are unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate whether endurance training adjusts blood coagulation and fibrinolysis at rest and after exercise. The study included 50 healthy untrained non-smokers randomized into ...
Park Jong-Won - - 2012
Abstract The present study addresses whether exercise during pregnancy in mouse alters mitochondrial function in the brains of the resultant offspring. We divided pregnant mice into 4 groups: a control group (CON), and groups of mice that exercised for 20 (E20m), 30 (E30m), and 40 min per day (E40m). The pregnant ...
Morita Noriteru - - 2012
Background: This study compared older men and women with cardiovascular (CV) risk factors in terms of the effects of a 6-month exercise intervention on high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels, blood pressure (BP) and other risk factors. Methods and Results: Sixty older (age 61-79) overweight men and 71 such women with 2 or ...
Rosenhagen A - - 2012
Exercise induced asthma (EIA) common in endurance and other athletes limits physical activity. Although a correlation between recurrent childhood bronchitis and the development of asthma has been reported, its relation to EIA in adult athletes has not been assessed. The study evaluates the EIA risk after recurrent childhood wheezing (RCW) ...
Appaneal Renee N - - 2012
Current reviews outside of sport indicate that the Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R) items load on two separate factors (optimism and pessimism) and, therefore, should be treated as independent constructs. However, researchers in the sport sciences continue to use the single composite score reflecting a unidimensional definition of optimism. Hence, I ...
Chen Mei-Feng MF Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, National Cheng Kung University Medical College, Tainan, - - 2013
Closed-head injury (CHI) usually involves both physical damage of neurons and neuroinflammation. Although exercise promotes neuronal repair and suppresses neuroinflammation, CHI patients currently often remain resting during the post-traumatic period. This study aimed to investigate whether and how postinjury exercise benefited the brain structure and function in mice after CHI. ...
Galea Vassiliki - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension links to a prothrombotic state driven by endothelial dysfunction, reduced fibrinolytic potential and platelet hyperactivity. We hypothesized that ramipril treatment would favourably modify the haemostatic response to a submaximal aerobic exercise session in hypertensives. METHODS: Twenty-four hypertensive patients underwent a submaximal exercise test before and after 13±2 months ...
Laskowski Edward R - - 2012
The United States is in the midst of a significant public health problem that relates to obesity and inactivity. This epidemic has far-ranging consequences for our workforce and our children and shows no signs of slowing in the near future. Significant research has been performed on the effects of exercise ...
Cid Luis - - 2012
The main purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the Behavioral Regulation in Exercise Questionnaire (BREQ-2) and to test the hypothesis that the different types of behavioral regulation can be combined on a single factor to assess autonomous and controlled motivation. Data ...
Jennings I - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The APTT is widely employed as part of a coagulation screening panel, used as a pre-operative assessment of bleeding risk, to detect hereditary and acquired haemostatic defects and to monitor anticoagulant therapy. External quality assessment (EQA) exercises assess laboratory performance of individual tests, but rarely assess the approach to ...
Magnan Renee E RE Department of Psychology, Washington State University Vancouver, Vancouver, WA, USA. - - 2013
Affective responses during exercise are often important determinants of exercise initiation and maintenance. Current physical activity may be one individual difference that is associated with the degree to which individuals have positive (or negative) affective experiences during exercise. The objective of this study was to explore physical and cognitive explanations ...
Ginde Salil - - 2012
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Following repair of congenital heart disease (CHD), adult patients are at risk for reduced exercise capacity. Restrictive lung disease (RLD) may contribute to reduced exercise capacity in this population. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of RLD and its impact on exercise tolerance in the ...
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