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Stuckey Melanie I - - 2013
Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of cardiovascular risk factors that greatly increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Regular exercise improves the risk profile, but most people do not successfully change their exercise habits to beneficially reduce risk. Tailored exercise prescribed by a family physician has ...
Cerny Frank - - 2013
In 1989 we knew that exercise, including regular prescribed physical activity, could be safely performed and described some of the physiological responses to exercise in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Also in 1989, the genetic defect causing cystic fibrosis (CF) was identified leading to improvements in treatment that greatly extended ...
Beinart Naomi A - - 2013
Exercise has been shown to reduce pain and increase function in patients with chronic low back pain. However up to 70% of patients do not engage in prescribed home exercise. Physiotherapists need to understand more about the complex factors influencing patients' adherence to prescribed home exercise to tailor their exercise ...
Wong Gabriel K - - 2013
This review draws comparisons between wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (WDEIA) and other food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIAs) and discusses the importance of co-factors in its pathophysiology. FDEIA remains an enigmatic condition since it was first described 30 years ago. The sporadic and unpredictable nature of its reactions has puzzled clinicians and scientists for ...
Sun Mengwei - - 2013
Emerging evidence indicates exercise training could mediate mitochondrial quality control through the improvement of mitochondrial dynamics. Ginsenoside Rg3 (Rg3), one of the active ingredients in Panax ginseng, is well known in herbal medicine as a tonic and restorative agent. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the beneficial effects of Rg3 has ...
Nishimune Hiroshi - - 2013
Physical activity plays an important role in preventing chronic disease in adults and the elderly. Exercise has beneficial effects on the nervous system, including at the neuromuscular junction (NMJ). Exercise causes hypertrophy of NMJs and improves recovery from peripheral nerve injuries, whereas decreased physical activity causes degenerative changes in NMJs. ...
Justine M - - 2013
NTRODUCTION Although the benefits of physical activity and exercise are widely acknowledged, many middleaged and elderly individuals remain sedentary. This cross-sectional study aimed to identify the external and internal barriers to physical activity and exercise participation among middle-aged and elderly individuals, as well as identify any differences in these barriers ...
Kostrzewa Elzbieta - - 2013
Excessive exercise (EE) is an important symptom of eating disorders (ED) and is a likely risk factor for developing ED, however, no population-based studies have been performed on the relationship between EE and obtaining ED diagnosis. The aim of this study was to examine the co-occurrence of EE and ED ...
Despina Tsopani - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine whether whole-body vibration (WBV) training results in short-term performance improvements in flexibility, strength and balance tests in comparison to an equivalent exercise program performed without vibration. Eleven elite rhythmic gymnasts completed a WBV trial, and a control, resistance training trial without vibration ...
Herring M P - - 2013
Physical activity and exercise play critical roles in energy balance. While many interventions targeted at increasing physical activity have demonstrated efficacy in promoting weight loss or maintenance in the short term, long term adherence to such programmes is not frequently observed. Numerous factors have been examined for their ability to ...
Murphy S - - 2013
Low back pain (LBP) can prove resistant to treatment. Conservative management in form of education and exercise is advocated as a first-line treatment option. The format of exercise programmes varies, as does the scale of improvement. Individual and group models of care are commonly utilised. To determine the effectiveness of ...
Dawson Ellen Adele - - 2013
Whilst the effects of exercise training on vascular function have been well studied, less is known about the effects of acute exercise bouts. This synthesis summarises and integrates knowledge derived from papers relating acute impacts of exercise on artery function, specifically endothelial function assessed by flow mediated dilatation (FMD). We ...
Park Se-Yeon - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of isometric pull down exercise on muscle activity with shoulder elevation angles of 60°, 90°, and 120° and sagittal, scapular, and frontal movement planes, by electromyography (EMG) of the latissimus dorsi, inferior fibers of trapezius, and latissimus dorsi/inferior fibers of ...
Bishop-Bailey D - - 2013
Humans are considered amongst the greatest if not the greatest endurance land animals. Over the last 50 years as the population has become more sedentary, rates of cardiovascular disease and its associated risk factors such as obesity, type 2 diabetes and hypertension have all increased. Aerobic fitness is considered protective ...
Stewart Ralph - - 2013
Despite the known benefits of regular exercise, the reasons why many coronary heart disease (CHD) patients engage in little physical activity are not well understood. This study identifies factors associated with low activity levels in individuals with chronic CHD participating in the STABILITY study, a global clinical outcomes trial evaluating ...
Wang Hsiao-Chiao - - 2013
To develop a Regular Exercise Belief Questionnaire and test its psychometric properties for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Regular exercise has been shown to significantly improve physical capacity and the quality of life of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. However, their adherence to long-term exercise is low. To ...
Schneider Margaret L - - 2013
To further understanding of the factors influencing adolescents' motivations for physical activity, the relationship of variables derived from Self-Determination Theory to adolescents' affective response to exercise was examined. Correlational. Adolescents (N = 182) self-reported psychological needs satisfaction (perceived competence, relatedness, and autonomy) and intrinsic motivation related to exercise. In two ...
Balas Michele C - - 2013
The awakening and breathing coordination, delirium monitoring/management, and early exercise/mobility bundle is an evidence-based interprofessional multicomponent strategy for minimizing sedative exposure, reducing duration of mechanical ventilation, and managing ICU-acquired delirium and weakness. The purpose of this study was to identify facilitators and barriers to awakening and breathing coordination, delirium monitoring/management, ...
González-Gross Marcela - - 2013
The benefits of regular physical activity have been known since ancient Greek. But in the last Century the scientific knowledge around this topic has progressed enormously, starting with the early studies of JN Morris and RS Paffenberger, who demonstrated that physical activity at work reduced incidence of cardiovascular disease and ...
Yoo Won-Gyu WG Department of Physical Therapy, College of Biomedical Science and Engineering, Inje University and Elderly Life Redesign - - 2013
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of foot placement on the latissmus dorsi and low back muscles activities during pull-down exercise. [Subjects] For this study, we recruited 10 male volunteers. [Methods] The subjects performed pull-down exercises with 4 foot placement conditions. The activities of the ...
Sacomori Cinara - - 2013
Self-efficacy has been shown to be a predictor of many health-related behaviors, including the practice of pelvic floor exercises with a focus on prevention or cure. To describe the process of construction and the psychometric properties of the scale of self-efficacy for the practice of pelvic floor exercises (EAPEAP). A ...
Lee Myoung-Hwa - - 2013
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection-associated neurocognitive disorders is accompanied with brain atrophy. In these patients, impairment of adult neurogenesis and neurite outgrowth in the hippocampus may contribute to cognitive dysfunction. Although running exercises can enhance neurogenesis and normalize neurite outgrowth, the underlying molecular mechanisms are not well understood. The HIV ...
Ambrogini P - - 2013
A brief training in a pool maze, with or without cognitive tasks, modifies the synaptogenesis and maturation of newborn neurons in adult rat dentate gyrus. These types of trainings have many aspects, including physical activity and exploration. Therefore, to evaluate whether physical exercise and environment exploration are able to affect ...
Kuncel Nathan R - - 2013
Ongoing concern about the construct validity of assessment center dimensions has focused on postexercise dimension ratings (PEDRs) that are consistently found to reflect exercise variance to a greater degree than dimension variance. Here, we present a solution to this problem. Based on the argument that PEDRs are an intermediate step ...
Youdas James W - - 2013
Context: No published studies have compared muscle activation levels simultaneously for the gluteus maximus and medius muscles of stance and moving limbs during standing hip joint strengthening while using elastic tubing resistance. Objective: To quantify activation levels bilaterally of the gluteus maximus and medius during resisted lower extremity (LE) standing ...
Baldwin Austin S - - 2013
Satisfaction with physical activity is known to be an important factor in physical activity maintenance, but the factors that influence satisfaction are not well understood. The purpose of this study was to elucidate how ongoing experiences with recently initiated physical activity are associated with satisfaction. Participants (n = 116) included insufficiently active ...
Assenza A - - 2013
Prothrombin Time (PT), Activated Partial Prothrombin Time (APTT), Fibrinogen concentration (Fbg) and Platelet number (Plt) were evaluated in 20 young athletic horses during a training program. A standardized exercise test (SET) was performed every month for three months. The V4 variations (the speed, in m/min, reached at the blood lactate ...
Mazari F A K - - 2013
The aim was to compare costs and utilities of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA), a supervised exercise programme (SEP) and combined treatment (PTA + SEP) in patients with intermittent claudication (IC) to establish the most cost-effective treatment. Patients with IC due to femoropopliteal disease were randomized to receive PTA, SEP or PTA + SEP. Assessments ...
Hawley-Hague Helen - - 2013
To examine the influence of individual participant, instructor, and group factors on participants' attendance and adherence to community exercise classes for older adults. Longitudinal data from 16 instructors, 26 classes, and 193 older participants within those classes (aged 60-100 years) were examined. Data were collected using questionnaires on individual participants' ...
Kim Moung-Jin - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine whether incorporating arm movement into bridge exercise changes the electromyographic (EMG) activity of selected trunk muscles. Twenty healthy young men were recruited for this study. EMG data were collected for the rectus abdominis (RA), internal oblique (IO), erector spinae (ES), and multifidus ...
Hartman Jorine E - - 2013
To assess physical activity and sitting time in patients with COPD and to investigate which physical and psychosocial factors are associated with physical activity and sitting time. Cross-sectional study SETTING: Patients were recruited at outpatient clinics of general hospitals and from general practitioners. We recruited 113 patients with mild to ...
Müller Jan - - 2013
Background:Declining activity in children over the last decades is thought to be one of the main risk factors for an early development of exercise intolerance and obesity. Taking this background into account, this prospective study investigates the seasonal change of children's physical activity and its association to objective measures of ...
Stevens Zoe - - 2013
Failure to recruit to target or schedule is common in randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Innovative interventions are not always fully developed before being tested, and maintenance of fidelity to the intervention during trials can be problematic. Missing data can compromise analyses, and inaccurate capture of risks to participants can influence ...
Dunn Stephanie - - 2013
Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR) programmes are the most cost-effective measure for reducing morbidity associated with Coronary Vascular Disease (CVD). To be more effective there is a need to understand what influences the maintenance of healthy behaviours. This study identifies similar and different influences in CR of the United Kingdom (UK) and ...
Franklin Richard C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: falls in older adults is a significant global public health challenge. Exercise interventions which incorporate the physiological components of balance and strength can reduce falls risk. However, the optimum qualities, such as type, duration and frequency of engagement in these exercise programmes, are yet to be established. OBJECTIVE: the ...
Hart Nikolett N Research Institute of Sport Science, Semmelweis University, Budapest, - - 2014
Low capacity runner (LCR) rats have been developed by divergent artificial selection for treadmill endurance capacity to explore an aerobic biology-disease connection. The beneficial effects of resveratrol supplementation have been demonstrated in endurance running. In this study it was examined whether 12 weeks of treadmill exercise training and/or resveratrol can ...
Dargent-Molina Patricia - - 2013
This paper reviews the literature that contributed to the design of the 'Ossébo' intervention and describes the study that is underway. Background: Falls and fall-related injuries are a major cause of morbidity and mortality among older people. Extensive research into falls prevention has established physical exercise as an efficient method ...
Van Zant R Scott - - 2013
The study purpose was to assess perceptions of physical therapists (PTs) regarding the role of physical therapy in cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention. A 25-item survey, validated by expert cardiovascular/pulmonary (CVP) PTs, was sent electronically to 2,673 PTs. Each item represented an element of clinical practice behavior: education of CVD/risk factors ...
Mohamed Ahmed A - - 2013
Immigrants and refugees arrive to the United States healthier than the general population, but this advantage declines with increasing duration of residence. One factor contributing to this decline is suboptimal physical activity, but reasons for this are poorly understood. Persons from Somalia represent the largest African refugee population to the ...
Sabourin Brigitte C - - 2013
The fear of arousal sensations characterizes some anxiety disorders and is a core feature of an established risk factor for anxiety and related disorders (i.e. anxiety sensitivity; Taylor, 1999). Anxiety sensitivity (AS) refers to a fear of anxiety-related bodily sensations stemming from beliefs that these have catastrophic consequences. Interoceptive exposure ...
Yusuf Afiqah - - 2013
Fatigue is debilitating in multiple sclerosis (MS) and may have multiple causes. Recent investigations into objectively measurable correlates of fatigue have used transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to examine a range of neurophysiological measures of neural excitability that may be altered in patients with MS. This qualitative review was conducted to ...
Kim Gyeyeop G Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health and Welfare, Dongshin - - 2013
[Purpose] In the present study, we investigated the effect of antecedent exercise on functional recovery and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expression following focal cerebral ischemia injury. [Subjects] The rat middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model was employed. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 4 groups. Group I included ...
Rapin A - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Up until now, there has been little description of the test exercises carried out in patients with neuromuscular diseases. However, prescription of physical therapy by exercise requires rigorous individualized assessment of the patient's physical endurance parameters. OBJECTIVE: To describe exercise tolerance and external limitation factors in a sample group ...
Huang T - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to summarize the effects of physical activity and exercise on peripheral brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in healthy humans. Experimental and observational studies were identified from PubMed, Web of Knowledge, Scopus, and SPORT Discus. A total of 32 articles met the inclusion criteria. Evidence from ...
Brown Nicola - - 2013
BACKGROUND: For female marathon runners, breast pain (mastalgia) may be an important issue which has yet to be considered. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and severity of mastalgia in female marathon runners, identify factors that increase mastalgia and methods used to overcome mastalgia, and explore the impact that ...
Murase Shiori - - 2013
Unaccustomed strenuous exercise that includes lengthening contraction (LC) often causes delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS), a kind of muscular mechanical hyperalgesia. Previously we reported that bradykinin-like substance released from the muscle during exercise plays a pivotal role in triggering the process of muscular mechanical hyperalgesia by upregulating nerve growth factor ...
Bekkouche Nadine S - - 2013
ObjectiveThis study compares sensory-biological, cognitive-emotional, and cognitive-interpretational factors in predicting angina on an exercise treadmill test (ETT).MethodsA total of 163 patients with ETT-induced ischemia and coronary artery disease in the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Psychophysiological Investigations of Myocardial Ischemia study were given an ETT, during which 79 patients ...
Anderson Sandra D - - 2013
Respiratory symptoms and asthma control questionnaires are poor predictors of the presence or severity of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB), and objective measurement is recommended. To optimize the chance of a positive test result, there are several factors to consider when exercising patients for EIB, including the ventilation achieved and sustained during ...
Frazzitta Giuseppe - - 2013
In the last decade, a considerable number of articles has shown that exercise is effective in improving motor performance in Parkinson disease. In particular, recent studies have focused on the efficacy of intensive exercise in achieving optimal results in the rehabilitation of patients with Parkinson disease. The effects of intensive ...
Barfield J P - - 2013
Lack of exercise is a major risk factor for secondary conditions among persons dependent upon motorized wheelchairs. Power wheelchair soccer is a unique exercise opportunity for this population, and understanding factors that influence exercise decision-making is necessary for clinicians to help those in motorized chairs reduce their secondary risk. Therefore, ...
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