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Timmins R G RG School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences and Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; School of Exercise Science, Australian Catholic University, Victoria, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine whether declines in knee flexor strength following overground repeat sprints were related to changes in hamstrings myoelectrical activity. Seventeen recreationally active men completed maximal isokinetic concentric and eccentric knee flexor strength assessments at 180°/s before and after repeat sprint running. Myoelectrical activity ...
Lilja-Maula L I O LI Department of Equine and Small Animal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, - - 2014
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is an incurable interstitial lung disease occurring mainly in West Highland White Terriers (WHWTs). The effects of IPF on survival and on exercise tolerance in WHWTs are unknown. To evaluate survival, prognostic factors, and exercise tolerance in WHWTs with IPF. Privately owned WHWTs; 15 with IPF ...
Goto M M Rehabilitation Center, The University of Tokyo Hospital, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate School of Human Health Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Tokyo, - - 2014
Haemophiliacs who have had to keep a physically inactive lifestyle due to bleeding during childhood are likely to have little motivation for exercise. The purpose of this study is to clarify the effectiveness of the self-monitoring of home exercise for haemophiliacs. A randomized controlled trial was conducted with intervention over ...
Bertuglia Andrea - - 2014
There is a substantial paucity of studies concerning musculoskeletal injuries in harness Standardbred racehorses. Specifically, little is known about the epidemiology of exercise-related musculoskeletal injuries. Most studies on this subject involve Thoroughbred racehorses, whose biomechanics and racing speed differ from Standardbred, making comparisons difficult. Here, a population of Standardbred racehorses ...
Steinhilber Benjamin B 1Medical Clinic, Department of Sports Medicine, University of Tübingen, Tuebingen, Germany. 2University of Gothenburg, Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science Biomechanics, Göteborg, - - 2014
Physical disability (PD) is common among patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip. Exercise therapy is proposed to be a potential intervention to reduce PD. However, the optimal targets of an exercise program are not known. The aim of the present study was to identify factors that explain the level ...
Greene Nicholas Perry NP 1University of - - 2014
We previously demonstrated that high volume resistance exercise stimulates mitochondrial protein synthesis (a measure of mitochondrial biogenesis) in lean but not obese Zucker rats. Here we examined factors involved in regulating mitochondrial biogenesis in the same animals. PGC-1α was 45% higher following exercise in obese, but not lean animals, when ...
Losnegard Thomas T Department of physical performance, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences Oslo, - - 2014
Substantial inter-individual variations in exercise economy exist even in highly trained endurance athletes. The variation is believed to be determined partly by intrinsic factors. Therefore, in the present study, we compared exercise economy in V2-skating, double poling, and uphill running. Ten highly trained male cross-country skiers (23 ± 3 years, ...
Lee Eun-Gyoung EG Sangpyung Public Health Center, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to determine the effects of a 12-week walking program on increasing an individual's self-management and decreasing the risk factors of metabolic syndrome in the older adult population. [Subjects] A total of 31 older adults participated in this study. Eighteen participants in the experimental ...
van Loon Janine E JE Department of Haematology, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, the - - 2014
Physical stress triggers the endothelium to release von Willebrand Factor (VWF) from the Weibel Palade bodies. Since VWF is a risk factor for arterial thrombosis, it is of great interest to discover determinants of VWF response to physical stress. We aimed to determine the main mediators of the VWF increase ...
Mitu O - - 2014
Electrocardiogram exercise stress test (EST) is a widespread technique in assessment of coronary artery disease, stratifying cardiovascular risk and prognosis. Evaluation of the impact of cardiovascular risk factors upon the results of EST. The 2-year retrospective study included 294 patients referred to an EST. All patients were assessed according to: ...
Kemmler Wolfgang W Institute of Medical Physics, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Henkestrasse 91, 91052 Erlangen, - - 2014
Aerobic exercise positively impacts cardiometabolic risk factors and diseases; however, the most effective exercise training strategies have yet to be identified. To determine the effect of high intensity (interval) training (HI(I)T) versus moderate intensity continuous exercise (MICE) training on cardiometabolic risk factors and cardiorespiratory fitness we conducted a 16-week crossover ...
Bassareo P P PP Department of Medical Sciences "M. Aresu", University of Cagliari, Policlinico Universitario, S.S. 554, Bivio di Sestu, Monserrato, 09042 Cagliari, - - 2014
In the last thirty years, steady progress in the diagnostic tools and care of subjects affected by congenital heart diseases (CHD) has resulted in a significant increase in their survival to adulthood, even for those affected by complex CHD. Based on these premises, a number of teenagers and adults affected ...
Patterson-Kane Janet C - - 2014
Superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) injury in equine athletes is one of the most well-accepted, scientifically supported companion animal models of human disease (i.e., exercise-induced Achilles tendon [AT] injury). The SDFT and AT are functionally and clinically equivalent (and important) energy-storing structures for which no equally appropriate rodent, rabbit, or ...
Nguyen Thanh T Child Health & Exercise Medicine Program, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, - - 2014
Chronic systemic inflammation is a clinical symptom in children with cystic fibrosis (CF), but the effects on skeletal muscle development are unknown. The aims of this study were to determine (1) the effects of systemic factors from children with CF and healthy controls on myoblast proliferation, and (2) whether exercise ...
Minett Geoffrey M GM School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Queensland University of Technology Kelvin Grove, Brisbane, QLD, Australia ; Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology Kelvin Grove, Brisbane, QLD, - - 2014
Prolonged intermittent-sprint exercise (i.e., team sports) induce disturbances in skeletal muscle structure and function that are associated with reduced contractile function, a cascade of inflammatory responses, perceptual soreness, and a delayed return to optimal physical performance. In this context, recovery from exercise-induced fatigue is traditionally treated from a peripheral viewpoint, ...
Carnevali Luca L Stress Physiology Laboratory, Department of Neuroscience, University of Parma Parma, - - 2014
In humans, there are large individual differences in the levels of vagal modulation of resting heart rate (HR). High levels are a recognized index of cardiac health, whereas low levels are considered an important risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Several factors are thought to contribute significantly to this ...
Garcia-Valverde Teresa T 0000-0002-6283-0486 Departamento de Ingeniería Informática, Universidad Católica San Antonio, Guadalupe, 30107 Murcia, - - 2014
According to the World Health Organization, the world's leading cause of death is heart disease, with nearly two million deaths per year. Although some factors are not possible to change, there are some keys that help to prevent heart diseases. One of the most important keys is to keep an ...
Rozanski Alan A Division of Cardiology, St. Lukes Roosevelt Hospital, New York, NY, USA, - - 2013
While normal exercise myocardial perfusion imaging (SPECT-MPI) is a robust predictor of low short-term clinical risk, there is increasing interest in ascertaining how clinical factors influence long-term risk following SPECT-MPI. We evaluated the predictors of outcome from clinical data obtained at the time of testing in 12,232 patients with normal ...
Gilder M M Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, Southampton, SO17 - - 2013
Exercise results in release of brain derived neurotrophic factor into the circulation; however, little is known about the changes in serum and plasma brain derived neurotrophic factor concentrations and factors influencing brain derived neurotrophic factor during exercise and recovery. Serum (n=23) and plasma (n=10) brain derived neurotrophic factor concentrations were ...
Bryan Angela D - - 2013
The purpose of this research was to replicate a successful intervention to increase physical activity in a different region of the country, and explore genetic and physiological moderators of intervention efficacy drawn from a transdisciplinary theoretical framework. A randomized controlled trial comparing a print-based physical activity intervention (COSTRIDE) to a ...
Steinhilber Benjamin B 1Medical Clinic, Department of Sports Medicine, University of Tübingen, Tuebingen, Germany. 2University of Gothenburg, Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science Biomechanics, Göteborg, - - 2013
Physical disability (PD) is common among patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip. Exercise therapy is proposed to be a potential intervention to reduce PD. However, the optimal targets of an exercise program are not known. The aim of the present study was to identify factors that explain the level ...
Jung Sun-Young SY Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 136-701, Republic of - - 2014
Apoptosis occurring secondary to spinal cord injury (SCI) causes further neural damage and functional loss. In this study, a rat model was used to investigate the effect of treadmill exercise on SCI-induced apoptosis and expression of neurotrophic factors. To produce SCI, a contusion injury (10 g × 25 mm) was ...
Nishimune Hiroshi H Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Kansas School of Medicine, 3901 Rainbow Boulevard, MS 3051, HLSIC Room 2073, Kansas City, Kansas, 66160, - - 2014
Physical activity plays an important role in preventing chronic disease in adults and the elderly. Exercise has beneficial effects on the nervous system, including at the neuromuscular junction (NMJ). Exercise causes hypertrophy of NMJs and improves recovery from peripheral nerve injuries, whereas decreased physical activity causes degenerative changes in NMJs. ...
Chen C-C J J - - 2013
This study was aimed at investigating the relation between grip strength and anthropometric factors and the impact of an aerobic exercise on grip strength in young men with Down syndrome (DS). This study was a pre-post design. Twelve males with DS were assigned to an exercise group, who walked using ...
He W - - 2013
The purpose of this article is to explore factors influencing adherence to exercise in Chinese people with type 2 diabetes (T2D). The findings can be used to explain exercise behaviours and develop interventions to improve the level of adherence to exercise. A qualitative approach was used in this study. Data ...
Tulloch Heather - - 2013
We conducted a qualitative investigation of patients with type 2 diabetes to determine their perceived facilitators and barriers to exercise at multiple time points while enrolled in a randomized exercise trial including aerobic, resistance or combined exercise. We explored differences in these themes over time, between intervention groups and by ...
Yardley Jane - - 2013
Regular physical activity has substantial health benefits in persons with type 1 diabetes, including reduced risk of complications and cardiovascular mortality as well as improved self-rated quality of life. Despite these benefits, individuals with type 1 diabetes are often less active than their peers without diabetes. When factors such as ...
Goldberg David J DJ 1 Division of Cardiology, The Perelman School of Medicine, The University of Pennsylvania, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of - - 2013
The Fontan operation can create a stable circulation from childhood through early adulthood. However, the absence of a sub-pulmonary pumping chamber leads to a physiology in which exercise capacity is limited and decreases with age starting in adolescence. The limitation in exercise capacity is more pronounced at peak levels of ...
Paulson Lauren R LR Department of Psychology Allegheny College, 520 North Main Street, Meadville, PA 16335, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study examined two dimensions of perfectionism (Standards and Discrepancy), two aspects of exercise (cardiovascular and strength), and the interaction of these variables as predictors of disordered eating in female and male college students. Recruited participants (N=314; n=204 women) completed self-report measures of disordered eating (Eating Attitudes Test), perfectionism (Almost ...
Mitchell Joel B - - 2013
: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of hot (37°C) and cool (10°C) environments on cycling time-to-exhaustion (TTE), pH, lactate, and core temperature (Tc). Eleven endurance-trained subjects completed four TTE trials: Hot, 80% VO2max (H80); Cool 80% (C80); Hot 100% (H100); and Cool 100% VO2max (C100). ...
Taylor Denise - - 2013
There is evidence from high quality studies to strongly support the positive association between increased levels of physical activity, exercise participation and improved health in older adults. Worldwide, around 3.2 million deaths per year are being attributed to inactivity. In industrialised countries where people are living longer lives, the levels ...
Littlewood Chris - - 2013
Evidence has emerged supporting the value of loaded exercises for rotator cuff tendinopathy but there are barriers that might prevent implementation of this intervention in the real-world. The purpose of this study was to explore these potential barriers with participants involved in a pilot randomised controlled trial (RCT) investigating a ...
Pata Rachel W RW Department of Physical Therapy, Quinnipiac University, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Falls are a common problem in older adults. Impaired balance, mobility and postural stability are risk factors for falling. Limited research has been performed on Pilates exercise and the ability to decrease fall risk. In this quasi-experimental study, 35 adults (61-87 years old) participated in an 8-week Pilates based exercise ...
Stuckey Melanie I - - 2013
Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of cardiovascular risk factors that greatly increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Regular exercise improves the risk profile, but most people do not successfully change their exercise habits to beneficially reduce risk. Tailored exercise prescribed by a family physician has ...
Cerny Frank - - 2013
In 1989 we knew that exercise, including regular prescribed physical activity, could be safely performed and described some of the physiological responses to exercise in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Also in 1989, the genetic defect causing cystic fibrosis (CF) was identified leading to improvements in treatment that greatly extended ...
Beinart Naomi A - - 2013
Exercise has been shown to reduce pain and increase function in patients with chronic low back pain. However up to 70% of patients do not engage in prescribed home exercise. Physiotherapists need to understand more about the complex factors influencing patients' adherence to prescribed home exercise to tailor their exercise ...
Wong Gabriel K - - 2013
This review draws comparisons between wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (WDEIA) and other food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIAs) and discusses the importance of co-factors in its pathophysiology. FDEIA remains an enigmatic condition since it was first described 30 years ago. The sporadic and unpredictable nature of its reactions has puzzled clinicians and scientists for ...
Sun Mengwei - - 2013
Emerging evidence indicates exercise training could mediate mitochondrial quality control through the improvement of mitochondrial dynamics. Ginsenoside Rg3 (Rg3), one of the active ingredients in Panax ginseng, is well known in herbal medicine as a tonic and restorative agent. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the beneficial effects of Rg3 has ...
Justine M - - 2013
NTRODUCTION Although the benefits of physical activity and exercise are widely acknowledged, many middleaged and elderly individuals remain sedentary. This cross-sectional study aimed to identify the external and internal barriers to physical activity and exercise participation among middle-aged and elderly individuals, as well as identify any differences in these barriers ...
Kostrzewa Elzbieta - - 2013
Excessive exercise (EE) is an important symptom of eating disorders (ED) and is a likely risk factor for developing ED, however, no population-based studies have been performed on the relationship between EE and obtaining ED diagnosis. The aim of this study was to examine the co-occurrence of EE and ED ...
Despina Tsopani - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine whether whole-body vibration (WBV) training results in short-term performance improvements in flexibility, strength and balance tests in comparison to an equivalent exercise program performed without vibration. Eleven elite rhythmic gymnasts completed a WBV trial, and a control, resistance training trial without vibration ...
Herring M P - - 2013
Physical activity and exercise play critical roles in energy balance. While many interventions targeted at increasing physical activity have demonstrated efficacy in promoting weight loss or maintenance in the short term, long term adherence to such programmes is not frequently observed. Numerous factors have been examined for their ability to ...
Murphy S - - 2013
Low back pain (LBP) can prove resistant to treatment. Conservative management in form of education and exercise is advocated as a first-line treatment option. The format of exercise programmes varies, as does the scale of improvement. Individual and group models of care are commonly utilised. To determine the effectiveness of ...
Dawson Ellen Adele - - 2013
Whilst the effects of exercise training on vascular function have been well studied, less is known about the effects of acute exercise bouts. This synthesis summarises and integrates knowledge derived from papers relating acute impacts of exercise on artery function, specifically endothelial function assessed by flow mediated dilatation (FMD). We ...
Park Se-Yeon - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of isometric pull down exercise on muscle activity with shoulder elevation angles of 60°, 90°, and 120° and sagittal, scapular, and frontal movement planes, by electromyography (EMG) of the latissimus dorsi, inferior fibers of trapezius, and latissimus dorsi/inferior fibers of ...
Bishop-Bailey D - - 2013
Humans are considered amongst the greatest if not the greatest endurance land animals. Over the last 50 years as the population has become more sedentary, rates of cardiovascular disease and its associated risk factors such as obesity, type 2 diabetes and hypertension have all increased. Aerobic fitness is considered protective ...
Stewart Ralph - - 2013
Despite the known benefits of regular exercise, the reasons why many coronary heart disease (CHD) patients engage in little physical activity are not well understood. This study identifies factors associated with low activity levels in individuals with chronic CHD participating in the STABILITY study, a global clinical outcomes trial evaluating ...
Wang Hsiao-Chiao - - 2013
To develop a Regular Exercise Belief Questionnaire and test its psychometric properties for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Regular exercise has been shown to significantly improve physical capacity and the quality of life of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. However, their adherence to long-term exercise is low. To ...
Schneider Margaret L - - 2013
To further understanding of the factors influencing adolescents' motivations for physical activity, the relationship of variables derived from Self-Determination Theory to adolescents' affective response to exercise was examined. Correlational. Adolescents (N = 182) self-reported psychological needs satisfaction (perceived competence, relatedness, and autonomy) and intrinsic motivation related to exercise. In two ...
González-Gross Marcela - - 2013
The benefits of regular physical activity have been known since ancient Greek. But in the last Century the scientific knowledge around this topic has progressed enormously, starting with the early studies of JN Morris and RS Paffenberger, who demonstrated that physical activity at work reduced incidence of cardiovascular disease and ...
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