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Results 601 - 650 of 880
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Wierda J M - - 1994
Three muscle relaxants, Org 9453, Org 9489 and Org 9487, short-acting in animals, were investigated to establish their profiles in humans. Potency, time course of action, and pharmacokinetic behaviour were studied in 90 healthy patients during fentanyl/halothane/N2O anaesthesia. Neuromuscular function was monitored mechanomyographically. Plasma and urine concentrations (three patients per ...
Joris J - - 1994
BACKGROUND: The authors tested the hypotheses that: (1) the vasoconstriction threshold during combined epidural/general anesthesia is less than that during general anesthesia alone; and (2) after vasoconstriction, core cooling rates during combined epidural/general anesthesia are greater than those during general anesthesia alone. Vasoconstriction thresholds and heat balance were evaluated under ...
Zbinden A M - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Potency of inhaled anesthetics usually is defined by determining the minimal alveolar concentration (MAC) that prevents movement in 50% of patients in response to skin incision. Skin incision, however, is usually only a single event and, thus, determination of potency cannot be repeated in one patient. Traditional MACskin incision ...
Keifer J C - - 1994
This study tested the hypothesis that halothane anesthesia would cause decreased acetylcholine (ACh) release within the medial pontine reticular formation (mPRF). ACh was collected by microdialysis and measured by high pressure liquid chromatography during wakefulness and during halothane-induced anesthesia. The electroencephalogram (EEG) showed that spindles were a reliable indicator of ...
Agoston S - - 1994
A review of several publications shows that there is general agreement that inhalational anaesthetic agents potentiate the neuromuscular effects of rocuronium in the same order as other similar agents, namely; enflurane and isoflurane > halothane > intravenous anaesthetics. However, such potentiation is not evident during induction and only becomes significant ...
Perales A J - - 1994
In a prospective study, 140 patients had an oxytocin challenge test with either a continuous or a pulsed infusion (one minute of infusion in every five minutes). Both infusion regimens had similar success rates in terms of uterine contractions (97.1 vs 98.6%). The potency ratio (pulsed versus continuous infusion) was ...
Doi M - - 1994
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the respiratory effects of sevoflurane anesthesia with and without nitrous oxide (N2O) during surgical stimulation. DESIGN: Randomized study. SETTING: Operating theater at a university hospital. PATIENTS: 10 patients scheduled for minor head or neck surgery. INTERVENTIONS: Sevoflurane anesthesia was administered alone or in combination with N2O. ...
Atchison J W JW Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, - - 1994
Many studies have been conducted to document the positive effects of exercise in the elderly. Initially, the focus was on the benefits of aerobic training, however, more recent studies have shown that the elderly respond to isometric, isotonic, and isokinetic programs. Strength and mobility are two of the key factors ...
Vicenzi M N - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Atrial dysrhythmias precede ventricular dysrhythmias during epinephrine-anesthetic sensitization, and may be caused by an altered relationship between automaticity of primary and subsidiary pacemakers. The following hypotheses were tested: (1) epinephrine-induced pacemaker shifts with enflurane or isoflurane require intact vagal reflexes and (2) these anesthetics sensitize the atrial myocardium to ...
Blouin R T - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Propofol infusion at subanesthetic doses provides reliable conscious sedation. However, the ventilatory effects of sedative doses of propofol have not been established. The current study was conducted to determine the effects of propofol sedation on the hypoxic ventilatory response. METHODS: Eight healthy, male volunteers received 1 mg.kg-1 propofol followed ...
Woehlck H J - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Supraventricular dysrhythmias are common during anesthesia, but have been incompletely investigated. Mechanisms may involve altered automaticity of subsidiary pacemakers and participation of vagal reflexes. The following hypotheses were tested: (1) shifts from the sinoatrial (SA) node to subsidiary pacemakers require intact vagal reflexes and (2) halothane sensitizes the heart ...
Claxton-Gill M S - - 1993
Hyperthermia developed in a 7-week-old Vietnamese pot-bellied pig after isoflurane anesthesia for routine ovariohysterectomy. Shivering and a sudden increase in heart rate were noticed 90 minutes after anesthetic induction, both of which persisted throughout the remaining anesthetic period. Rectal temperature increased from 37 C immediately after anesthetic recovery to a ...
Friedman D B - - 1993
1. In order to examine the sensitivity to local anaesthetics of afferent neural feedback from working muscle during dynamic exercise, sixteen subjects cycled for 12 min before and after epidural anaesthesia using 1% lidocaine. The presence of afferent neural blockade was verified by elimination of the blood pressure response to ...
Stacey R G - - 1993
We have used the single space combined spinal-extradural technique for mothers requesting analgesia in labour. Intrathecal plain bupivacaine 5 mg produced a median time to analgesia of 3 min. There was inadequate abdominal analgesia after 10 min in 16% of recipients, although all had good perineal analgesia. The median height ...
Patel M - - 1993
This study was undertaken to analyze the effect of posture on the spread of hyperbaric bupivacaine in pregnant women using a combined spinal extradural technique, and to assess the quality of analgesia provided by 10 mg bupivacaine when using this technique. Fifty parturients undergoing elective Caesarean section under regional anaesthesia ...
Lenox W C - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors should, in theory, be useful in patients with both cardiac and reactive airway disease who require anesthesia. The effects of the PDE inhibitor, amrinone, on the release of endogenous catecholamines and on airway reactivity to aerosol methacholine challenge were evaluated during thiopental/fentanyl and halothane anesthesia in ...
Lockwood G G - - 1993
The uptake of isoflurane at a constant end-expired concentration of 1.5% in oxygen was studied in 15 women, ASA 1 or 2, undergoing elective total abdominal hysterectomy. The anaesthetic was administered by a simple computer-controlled to-and-fro closed system. After an initial period of wash-in to the system, the rate of ...
Wierda J M - - 1993
In a randomized study, we evaluated lag time (time from the end of injection of muscle relaxant until the first depression of the train-of-four response [TOF]), onset time (time from the end of injection of muscle relaxant until the maximum depression of the first twitch of the TOF [T1]), neuromuscular ...
Fiol M E - - 1993
Isoflurane, an inhalation agent often used for general anesthesia during craniotomy, has been reported to suppress spike activity in the intraoperative electrocorticogram (ECoG) during epilepsy surgery. We studied the effect of isoflurane concentrations of 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1, and 1.25% on the number of spike bursts per 5-min epochs in ...
Smith J E - - 1993
We have compared the progress of anaesthetists taught fibreoptic nasotracheal intubation with the aid of a closed circuit television (CCTV) system with that of anaesthetists taught by traditional methods. Twenty anaesthetists were allocated randomly to either the video or traditional training group. A graduated training programme was used in which ...
Silverman D G - - 1993
We evaluated the effect of tetanic stimulation (5 s, 50 Hz, 60 mA) on the response to tetanic stimulation delivered 2 min (TET@2) and 5 min (TET@5) later in 22 anesthetized patients receiving a vecuronium infusion. Once a consistent mechanomyographic train-of-four ratio was obtained at the adductor pollicis muscle, the ...
Shorten G D - - 1993
This study documents the response to atracurium (75 micrograms.kg-1) administered 30 min after a pancuronium- or tubocurarine-induced neuromuscular block has been reversed with either neostigmine (50 micrograms.kg-1) or edrophonium (0.5 mg.kg-1). Twenty-one ASA 1 or 2 patients were studied, of whom 11 received neostigmine and 10 edrophonium. The degree of ...
Lopez M - - 1993
BACKGROUND: During combined epidural/isoflurane anesthesia, the core temperature triggering finger-tip vasoconstriction is approximately 1 degree C less than that triggering redilation. This hysteresis suggests that thermoregulatory responses are not dependent entirely on current thermal status (state-dependence), but may be influenced also by the system's recent thermal history (direction-dependence). Once triggered, ...
Lan R S - - 1993
The introduction of flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy into clinical use in 1968 had led a veritable explosion in the application of pulmonary endoscopy. In 1978, Wood and his colleagues, using a 3.5 mm Olympus 3C4 pediatric bronchoscope, expanded this technique to pediatric field. Up-to-now, they have more than 2000 bronchoscopies in ...
Cooper D W - - 1993
We have assessed the effect of combining extradural bupivacaine and fentanyl in 60 orthopaedic patients who received 0.125% bupivacaine (bupivacaine group), fentanyl 5 micrograms ml-1 (fentanyl group), or 0.125% bupivacaine combined with fentanyl 5 micrograms ml-1 (combined group), delivered by patient-controlled extradural analgesia for 24 h via a lumbar extradural ...
Gignac E - - 1993
Neurolept anaesthesia is used during awake craniotomy for epilepsy surgery. This study compares analgesia, sedation and the side effects of the newer opioids sufentanil and alfentanil, with those of fentanyl in patients undergoing awake craniotomy. Thirty patients were randomized into three groups, each received droperidol, dimenhydrinate and the chosen opioid ...
Ueda W - - 1993
We investigated the effect of gentle epigastric massage on the regression of the sensory analgesia of epidural block. Sixteen patients, who underwent minor obstetric or gynecologic surgery under epidural block with lidocaine, were divided into two groups. Group A was the control group. Group B received gentle massage of the ...
Tsai Y C - - 1993
We have examined the effect of EMLA on tourniquet pain and compared it with those of subcutaneous ring anaesthesia (SRA), a double cuff technique and a single cuff (control) during i.v. regional anaesthesia. The durations of analgesia (mean 57.3 (SD 16.6) min) and tolerance (72.3 (13.9) min) to tourniquet inflation ...
Nielsen J - - 1993
We compared the performance of three newly developed anesthetic agent (AA) monitors: the Bruel & Kjaer Anesthetic Agent Monitor 1304 (BK 1304), the Datex Capnomac Ultima (ULTIMA), and the Nellcor N-2500 (N-2500). The following were investigated: the linearity and accuracy in measuring AAs, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and nitrous oxide; the ...
Bednarski R M - - 1993
An in-circuit vaporizer for delivery of isoflurane was evaluated. The isoflurane concentration within an isolated circle breathing circuit was determined for 1 hour in 6 in-the-circuit vaporizers with the wicks removed. A mechanical ventilator and artificial lung were connected to the circuit. Isoflurane concentration increased as vaporizer setting increased, and ...
Plourde G - - 1993
BACKGROUND: The N1 and P3 waves of the auditory event-related potential provide information on consciousness and cortical function. The N1 wave is reduced during states of low vigilance. The P3 wave occurs only for stimuli that somehow capture the subject's attention. There are two types of P3:P3a and P3b. The ...
Sant'Ambrogio F B - - 1993
It has been previously found that volatile anesthetics significantly affect the activity of laryngeal receptors. In this study we have investigated the respiratory effects of these volatile anesthetics delivered into the upper airway of newborn and adult dogs. Experiments were performed on 17 5-14-day-old, 3 26-28-day-old and 3 adult dogs, ...
Mineo R - - 1993
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To determine whether lumbar epidural anesthesia affects pulse oximeter signals in the upper or lower extremity, 13 ASA I patients were studied. METHODS: Temperature and pulse oximeter probes were placed on the finger and the toe. RESULTS: After epidural injection, the amplitude of the pulse oximeter waveform ...
Short L H - - 1993
Spinal-sciatic evoked responses (ScER) have been used successfully to monitor the integrity of the anterior spinal cord during spinal surgery. To evaluate the effects of hypercarbia, hypocarbia, induced hypotension, and hypothermia on the ScER, ten swine anesthetized with ketamine were subjected to varying levels of PaCO2, hypothermia, and induced hypotension. ...
Doi M - - 1993
Eleven male volunteers were studied to compare the airway irritation produced by the four anaesthetic agents: halothane, enflurane, isoflurane and sevoflurane at two concentrations, equivalent to one and two MAC. Tidal volume, respiratory frequency and functional residual capacity changes induced by 15 sec inhalation of the anaesthetics were measured using ...
Jørgensen L G - - 1993
Transcranial Doppler ultrasound was used to measure middle cerebral arterial mean flow velocity (Vmean) on both sides of the brain in 12 subjects during hand contractions before and during regional anesthesia of the left arm. At rest Vmean was 49 (36-104) cm/s (median and range) and was unaffected by regional ...
Benzon H T - - 1993
The onset and intensity of blockade of the lumbosacral dermatomes after epidural anesthesia with alkalinized lidocaine were investigated in a randomized, double-blind study in 26 patients. Control subjects (n = 13) received 20 mL of 1.37% lidocaine (1.5% lidocaine plus 1 mL saline per 10 mL lidocaine) with added 1:200,000 ...
Pinheiro J M - - 1993
Local anesthesia decreases physiologic responses to pain in neonates but has not been used routinely during lumbar punctures in newborns, as it might obscure anatomical landmarks. However, local anesthesia may decrease newborns' struggling during lumbar puncture, thus facilitating the procedure and increasing its success rate. The success rate of lumbar ...
Faggella A M - - 1993
Forty-eight male and 48 female 6- to 14-week-old kittens were neutered by use of 4 anesthetic protocols. Preanesthetic disposition, depth of sedation, loss of resistance to handling, induction quality, induction time, sternal and stand times, and recovery quality were evaluated. Analgesia and muscle relaxation without supplemental inhalational anesthetics were evaluated ...
Vähätalo K - - 1993
This study was undertaken to compare the anesthetic properties of articaine hydrochloride with 1:200,000 epinephrine (Ultracain DS) and lidocaine with 1:80,000 epinephrine (Xylocain-Adrenalin) for maxillary infiltration anesthesia. Twenty healthy dental student volunteers were included in this double-blind study. Each subject received 0.6 mL of each test solution at different times. ...
Cohendy R - - 1992
Fentanyl has been shown to increase the overall resistance to inspiratory flow of the ventilatory system (Rmax). Rmax is the sum of the airway resistance (Raw) and of the non-Newtonian resistance (delta R) which may result from the viscoelastic properties of the thoracic tissues, from inequalities of the regional time ...
Beattie W S - - 1992
This study was designed to determine the effect of prolonged infusion on the ease of reversal of atracurium and vecuronium, and whether factors which potentiate the block delayed reversal. In phase one, 40 patients were randomized (double blind) to determine the steady state conditions for atracurium and vecuronium. Fourteen atracurium ...
Kaufman E - - 1992
The analgesic effect of 50% nitrous oxide and oxygen on thermal pain sensations was evaluated in a placebo-controlled, double-blind crossover design. In a session immediately before oral surgery, 20 patients used a seven-point verbal scale to rate the intensity of pain sensations evoked by three-second thermal stimuli delivered to 14 ...
De Kock M - - 1992
Epidural clonidine produces regional anesthesia as well as sedation and a decrease in anesthetic requirements. To assess these effects, the electroencephalogram (EEG) was recorded after epidural or intravenous (iv) injection of clonidine during enflurane/N2O anesthesia. Eighteen ASA physical status 1 women undergoing vaginal hysterectomy were allocated randomly to receive epidural ...
Yamakage M - - 1992
Using a respiratory inductive plethysmograph and a pulse oximeter, we investigated the changes in the respiratory pattern and peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2) of the finger before and during spinal anaesthesia in 20 surgical patients. The rib cage contribution to the tidal volume (%RC) increased significantly from before (20.4 +/- 4.3%) ...
Wrigley S R - - 1992
We assessed the neuromuscular and cardiovascular effects of mivacurium chloride, a neuromuscular blocking agent, in 33 patients during propofol-nitrous oxide anaesthesia. Neuromuscular function was assessed with supramaximal stimuli of the ulnar nerve, using surface electrodes at the wrist, with repeat trains of four. Mivacurium given as a bolus of 0.15 ...
Pitkänen M T - - 1992
Ten healthy male volunteers received intravenous regional anaesthesia of the upper limb on two separate occasions using 40 ml of 0.5% prilocaine or 40 ml plain 0.5% chloroprocaine by random allocation. Using a double-blind method, the onset and recovery of sensory block was tested (pinprick) in the four main nerve ...
Leigh T J - - 1992
1. The effects of granisetron (160 micrograms kg-1 body weight) and haloperidol (3 mg) on psychometric performance and the EEG were investigated in a randomised, single-blind, crossover, placebo controlled study of 12 healthy male volunteers. 2. There was evidence that haloperidol impaired psychometric performance; however its effects on the EEG ...
Schubert A - - 1992
The effect of systemically administered lidocaine on somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs) during general anaesthesia has not been widely reported. Knowledge of the influence of anaesthetic agents on evoked potentials assists in interpreting evoked potential waveforms. Accordingly, we studied the behaviour of cortical and subcortical (recorded at the second cervical vertebra) ...
Tessler M - - 1992
Propofol, 2,6 diisopropylphenol, in an emulsion formulation (Diprivan), has been associated with postsurgical infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus, Moraxella osloensis and Candida albicans. These organisms were individually inoculated into each of the following media: (1) the emulsion preparation of propofol, (2) Intralipid 10%, (3) pure 2,6 diisopropylphenol, and (4) trypticase ...
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