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Results 501 - 550 of 880
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Steffey E P EP Department of Anesthesia, University of California-San Francisco 94143-0464, - - 1998
Nonimmobilizers (inhaled compounds that do not suppress movement in response to a noxious stimulus) resemble anesthetics in their capacity to suppress memory, but unlike anesthetics, they can cause convulsions. Higher concentrations of nonimmobilizers may cause death, even with apparent suppression of convulsions by the concurrent administration of conventional inhaled anesthetics. ...
Steffey E P EP Department of Surgical and Radiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California-Davis, - - 1997
In a model anesthetic circuit, dehydration of Baralyme brand carbon dioxide absorbent increases degradation of sevoflurane to CF2=C(CF3)OCH2F, a nephrotoxic vinyl ether called Compound A. In the present study, we quantified this increase using "conditioned" Baralyme in a circle absorbent system to deliver sevoflurane anesthesia to swine. Mimicking continuing oxygen ...
Pang E W - - 1997
The components of the N1 are thought to be related to sensory functioning (Components 1 and 2) and arousal (Component 3). To provide direct evidence for the involvement of Component 3 in arousal, we hypothesized that it should be more sensitive to the anesthetic gas nitrous oxide (N2O) than Component ...
Konrad C - - 1997
Topical anaesthesia of the trachea is used to avoid coughing during emergence from anaesthesia. This study was designed to compare the effects of an alkalinized lignocaine and plain lignocaine solution given intratracheally. After institutional approval and written informed consent, 30 patients were randomized into three groups and received in a ...
Brosnan C - - 1997
Dental damage is the most common reason for complaints against anaesthetists. The purpose of this study was to investigate the common belief that the use of a toothguard at the time of intubation causes intubation to be more difficult. We studied 80 patients, half of whom were intubated with a ...
Nakata Y - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Xenon is an odorless gas with low blood-gas solubility coefficient and without occupational and environmental hazards. This investigation was performed to evaluate the speed of induction, and respiratory and cardiovascular reactions to inhalation induction with xenon compared to an equianesthetic concentration of sevoflurane. METHOD: Twenty-four adult ASA 1-2 patients ...
Eger E I EI - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Desflurane and sevoflurane permit speedier changes in anesthetic partial pressures than do older halogenated anesthetics. The authors determined the kinetic characteristics of desflurane and sevoflurane and those of compound A [CH2F-O-C(=CF2)(CF3)], a nephrotoxic degradation product of sevoflurane. METHODS: Volunteers received 1.25 minimum alveolar concentration of desflurane or sevoflurane, each ...
Detsch O - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to assess the effects of intravenous lidocaine on spatial changes of electroencephalographic power and on psychomotoric status in conscious volunteers. METHODS: In 11 healthy volunteers lidocaine (2-min bolus, 100 mg; 15 min infusion, 40 micrograms.kg-1.min-1) or placebo were given intravenously in a ...
Yared G M - - 1997
The purpose of this study was to measure the degree of anesthesia following the administration of 3.6 ml of 2% lidocaine solutions with either 1:50,000, 1:80,000, or 1:100,000 for inferior alveolar nerve block and to compare the results with those obtained following the administration of 1.8 ml of the same ...
Loeb A L - - 1997
The contributions of the vasodilators nitric oxide (NO) and endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) were investigated in the rat cremaster muscle microcirculation during halothane, isoflurane, or ketamine anesthesia. After inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis with indomethacin, changes in diameter of fourth-order arterioles to acetylcholine (ACh) or bradykinin (BK) were studied in the ...
Tendillo F J - - 1997
To determine the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of desflurane (DES) in the horse. Prospective study. Six healthy adult horses (three males and three females) weighing 370 +/- 16 kg and aged 9 +/- 2 years old. Anesthesia was induced with DES vaporized in oxygen via a face mask connected to ...
Gold M I - - 1997
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to define the appropriate dose of remifentanil hydrochloride alone or combined with midazolam to provide satisfactory comfort and maintain adequate respiration for a monitored anesthesia care setting. METHODS: One hundred fifty-nine patients scheduled for outpatient surgery participated in this multicenter, double-blind study. Patients were randomly ...
Marini R P - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To address the physiologic mechanism of isoflurane-associated reduction in hematologic variables in ferrets. ANIMALS: 6 young adult female ferrets. PROCEDURE: Distribution of 99mTc-labeled autologous erythrocytes was measured by serial in vivo imaging. Data were recorded in 4 ferrets, using a gamma camera, immediately prior to anesthesia, 15 minutes after ...
Ananthanarayan C - - 1997
PURPOSE: To present a case of difficult intubation with brainstem anaesthesia after retrobulbar block with bupivacaine and lidocaine and sedation with midazolam and to point out that close monitoring and timely treatment is important in preventing an unfavourable outcome. CLINICAL FEATURES: An 82-yr-old man with treated hypertension and stable angina ...
Morita T - - 1997
We examined the influence of the concentration of sevoflurane and the degree of muscle block at the time of reversal on the activity of neostigmine. Ninety ASA 1-2 patients were anaesthetised with 0.2, 0.7 or 1.2 MAC of sevoflurane (30 patients each) in 66% nitrous oxide in oxygen. The electromyographic ...
Nishikawa K - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The finding that i.v. lidocaine suppresses cardiac sympathetic nerve activity during 1 MAC halothane, but not during 2 MAC or 3 MAC halothane, suggests that the neurally mediated circulatory effects of i.v. local anesthetics may vary with background autonomic activity. This study aimed to compare the effects of i.v. ...
Katoh T - - 1997
We evaluated the effects of clonidine given orally on sevoflurane requirements for anaesthesia and hypnosis. Patients received either clonidine (5 micrograms.kg-1) by mouth (n = 21) 90 min before surgery or no premedication (n = 21) by random allocation. MAC was calculated using repeated tetanic nerve stimulation with end-tidal sevoflurane ...
Trautman W J WJ - - 1997
This study was designed to determine the efficacy of saline as an epidural top-up to prolong spinal anesthesia during combined spinal-epidural anesthesia (CSEA). Eight volunteers received three separate CSEAs with intrathecal lidocaine (50 mg). After two-segment regression, each subject received either a saline (10 mL), lidocaine 1.5% (10 mL), or ...
Baraka A - - 1997
We studied the efficacy of the self-inflating bulb (SIB) in differentiating tracheal from esophageal intubation in 40 parturients undergoing elective cesarean section under general anesthesia. After induction and muscle relaxation, the trachea was intubated under direct vision with cuffed tube. In 20 parturients, the esophagus was also intubated with an ...
Roe P G - - 1997
The relation between intra-operative gas exchange and post-operative oxygen saturation was examined using pulse oximetry (SpO2) 30 h after anaesthesia for upper abdominal surgery. The inspired oxygen partial pressure (PIO2) was varied during anaesthesia to produce a plot of PIO2 vs. SpO2. Gas exchange during anaesthesia was inferred from the ...
Jalkanen L - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The pharmacodynamic profile of muscle relaxants is usually changed by volatile anaesthetics. These changes seem to be time-dependent, even though few data are available to substantiate this. METHODS: We studied neuromuscular effects of a single dose of mivacurium (0.2 mg.kg-1) during short and intermediate duration of isoflurane anaesthesia. Forty-five ...
Krishnan B S - - 1997
In exercising humans, added external dead space (VD) increases minute ventilation (VI) and causes a slower and deeper breathing pattern (J. Appl. Physiol. 1991; 70:55-62). Recent studies suggest that airway receptors sensitive to topical anesthesia influence VI and breathing pattern responses to exercise and to added VD. We tested these ...
Komatsu H - - 1997
We compared respiratory parameters during anaesthesia with sevoflurane and isoflurane through a laryngeal mask airway (LMA). Children were anaesthetized with O2 and air with 2.3% (1MAC) sevoflurane (n = 20) or 1.5% (1MAC) isoflurane (n = 20). After insertion of LMA, patients were allowed to breathe spontaneously and respiratory rate ...
Svendsen P - - 1997
Minipigs tolerate anaesthesia very well. The only disadvantages are the difficulties in performing venous puncture and endotracheal intubation. To overcome these the animals should be well sedated prior to induction by intravenous injection, and deeply anaesthetized prior to the introduction of the endotracheal tube. Anaesthetic regimen and several basic experimental ...
Li S - - 1997
Effect of multiple respiratory gas monitoring (MRGM) on inspired concentration of oxygen in circuit system during closed anesthesia was studied in 51 adult patients scheduled for abdominal surgery. Required flow rate of fresh oxygen (OFR), inspired oxygen concentration (FiO2) and oxygen saturation of pulse oximeter (SpO2) were measured continuously. Patients ...
Emerson P F - - 1997
It has recently been suggested that sonophoresis, or the application of ultrasound (US) in the kilohertz range, could enhance peritoneal mass transport. To examine this hypothesis, six nephrectomized rabbits were exposed to ultrasound while under isoflurane anesthesia. An additional five also had bilateral nephrectomies and were used as a control ...
Saito H - - 1997
Xenon is an inert gas with a practical anesthetic potency (1 MAC = 71%). Because it is very expensive, the use of closed circuit anesthesia technique is ideal for the conduction of xenon anesthesia. Here we describe our methods of starting closed circuit anesthesia without excessive waste of xenon gas. ...
Osofsky S A - - 1997
Twenty free-ranging adult African elephants (Loxodonta africana) in northern Botswana were immobilized with a mean (+/- SD) of 9.5 +/- 0.5 mg etorphine hydrochloride and 2,000 IU hyaluronidase by intramuscular (IM) dart. The mean time to recumbency was 8.7 +/- 2.4 min. All animals were maintained in lateral recumbency. The ...
Larsen P D - - 1997
We examined spectral components of beat to beat variability in AC and DC signals of the reflectance photoplethysmograph at finger and earlobe sites in 20 resting volunteers and 20 patients during propofol, alfentanil, isoflurane, nitrous oxide anaesthesia. We observed that at rest, the majority of spectral power at both sites ...
Kraus H H 130 East 77th Street, New York, NY 10021, - - 1997
Decades of debate have yet to yield a universal solution to the treatment of low back pain, a problem that afflicts 80% of adults in the United States at some point of their lives [1,2]. Exercise, in general, has become widely recognized as playing a large role in the rehabilitation ...
Xue F S - - 1996
Thirty-six healthy patients, ASA 1, aged 16-41 years, scheduled for elective plastic surgery were studied to determine if thoracocervical or lumbar epidural blocks affected the lag time of the pulse oximeter response. Patients were allocated to receive thoracocervical epidural block (n = 20) (group 1) (lignocaine 1%) or lumbar epidural ...
Richter A - - 1996
Recent studies have shown a significant increase of inositol phosphates (IPs) in skeletal muscle during episodes of halothane-induced malignant hyperthermia (MH) in pigs. After treatment with dantrolene and disappearance of MH crisis the IP concentrations returned to basal levels. In order to examine if the increase of IPs during halothane-induced ...
Kruse-Elliott K T - - 1996
Proper management and monitoring during anesthesia minimizes the need for emergency intervention. Monitoring of circulation, ventilation, and oxygenation allows for early recognition of problems such as airway obstruction, hypotension, acid-base disturbances, or cardiac arrest, and is discussed. Appropriate therapies are instituted early for best success and are described in this ...
Ribotsky B M - - 1996
The advantages to using a 50/50 mixture of lidocaine and bupivacaine with respect to onset and duration of local anesthesia instead of using the solutions independently were evaluated. In a double-blind randomized experiment, 12 subjects, each volunteering both feet, were studied. One foot was injected with 1 ml of one ...
Kim S Y - - 1996
We investigated isobolic mixtures of mivacurium and rocuronium to determine if the combination offered any advantages over either drug alone. We used five dose regimens to achieve ED95 x 2: [(1.5 x ED95 mivacurium) + (0.5 x ED95 rocuronium); (1 x ED95 mivacurium) + (1 x ED95 rocuronium); (0.5 x ...
Muzi M - - 1996
BACKGROUND: The speed, quality, and cost of mask induction of anesthesia and laryngeal mask airway insertion or tracheal intubation were studied in young non-premedicated volunteers given high inspired concentrations of sevoflurane (6 to 7%). METHODS: Twenty healthy persons who were 19 to 32 years old participated three times, received 6 ...
Behrns K E - - 1996
Our aim was to determine the effect of in situ neural isolation of the jejunoileum (extrinsic denervation and disruption of enteric neural continuity with the duodenum) on the spread of single pressure waves (SPW) and clustered contractions (CC) in response to increasing rates of isolated duodenal and jejunoileal nonnutrient infusions. ...
Kissin I - - 1996
The time course of the development of acute tolerance to alfentanil was characterized in rat experiments using various algorithms of continuous infusion of the drug. To maintain analgesia at a constant level (tail compression test), alfentanil use was steadily increased: Time to 50% increase in alfentanil use was 255 +/- ...
Veering B T - - 1996
In this randomized, observer-blind study, we have examined, in elderly patients, the effect of site of injection on analgesia levels after spinal injection of 0.5% hyperbaric bupivacaine solution. Thirty male patients, aged 68-87 yr, undergoing minor urological surgery during spinal anaesthesia received 3 ml of a 0.5% hyperbaric bupivacaine solution ...
Sarton E - - 1996
BACKGROUND: To quantify the effects of acute pain on ventilatory control in the awake and sedated human volunteer, the acute hypoxic ventilatory response was studied in the absence and presence of noxious stimulation before and during 0.1 minimum alveolar concentration sevoflurane inhalation. METHODS: Step decreases in end-tidal partial pressure of ...
Warner D O - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Anesthesia produces atelectasis in the dependent areas of the lungs by mechanisms that remain unknown. It has been proposed that anesthesia produces a cephalad shift in the end-expiratory position of the diaphragm, which compresses the lungs and produces atelectasis. This study tested the hypothesis that the extent of atelectasis ...
Mercier F J - - 1996
Halothane and isoflurane induce potent bronchodilation during general anaesthesia and have been used successfully during status asthmaticus. The aim of this study was to determine whether airway hyporesponsiveness was prolonged after halothane administration. Sixteen guinea-pigs were submitted for 2 h to either 1.5% halothane in oxygen or 100% oxygen, and ...
Sury M R - - 1996
The recovery characteristics of sevoflurane and halothane anaesthesia were compared in 40 children aged 6 months to 6 years undergoing day case surgery. The mean time taken to open eyes after surgery had ended was appreciably and significantly shorter after sevoflurane than after halothane (sevoflurane, mean time (SD) 7 min ...
Raphael J H - - 1996
We have developed a human tissue preparation suitable for measurement of cilia beat frequency derived from nasal turbinates. Cilia beat frequency of turbinate explants from 11 patients did not change significantly over a 10-day observation period while maintained in an incubator, with mean cilia beat frequency of 13.1 (SEM 0.3) ...
Heerdt P M - - 1996
The right ventricle (RV) is comprised of two embryologically distinct units, the inflow and outflow tracts, which normally contract sequentially and differ in the magnitude of increased inotropy during sympathetic nervous stimulation. The present study examined the dose-response effects of halothane on the RV contraction pattern and regional contractility in ...
Cohen R G - - 1996
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The use of topical anesthetic cream in the periorbital region may be of clinical value. The potential for toxic effects from such use has not been studied in a controlled manner. This study was performed to evaluate the potential ocular toxicity of anesthetic cream topically applied to ...
Versichelen L - - 1996
In a previous study, accumulation of methane was found at the end of closed-system ventilation. As on-line analysis of gas concentrations is now available, we examined the progressive increase in concentrations of methane, carbon monoxide and acetone during modern, closed-system conditions, and their influence on infrared halothane analysis, in 26 ...
Sharma P - - 1996
One hundred fifty-one patients (125 males and 26 females) of multibacillary leprosy (LL 88, BL 40, BB 23), registered during 1986-1992 for multidrug therapy (MDT), were analysed with reference to their disabilities before, during and after MDT. At induction 48 (31.7%) had no disability (Gr 0), 59 (39.0%) had only ...
Yanase T - - 1996
We studied whether dibutyryl cyclic adenosine monophosphate (DbcAMP), which freely penetrates into the cells, improves systemic vasoconstriction caused by endotoxin in dogs. Thirteen anesthetized dogs were randomized into three groups. The endotoxin (ETX) group (n = 5) received only Escherichia coli endotoxin (3 mg.kg-1, intravenously). The ETX + DbcAMP group ...
Rosaeg O P - - 1996
PURPOSE: We describe the anaesthetic management for Caesarean section in a parturient with a defect in complex III of the respiratory chain who had increased lactate concentrations at rest and with exercise. CLINICAL FEATURES: We administered effective epidural anaesthesia with lidocaine for Caesarean delivery. The serum lactate concentration was less ...
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