Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 453
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
MacCann Carolyn C School of Psychology, University of Sydney, Sydney, - - 2015
To explore whether HEXACO personality domains could incrementally increase the prediction of exercise behavior above Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) variables, and whether personality moderated the intention-behavior gap. US College students (N = 1017) completed demographic, TPB, HEXACO domain and exercise behavior measures. The TPB predicted physical activity, accounting for ...
Annesi James J JJ YMCA of Metro Atlanta, 100 Edgewood Avenue NE, Suite 1100, Atlanta, GA, 30303, USA, - - 2014
To improve success rates of behavioral weight-loss treatments, a better understanding of psychosocial factors that discriminate between weight-loss success and failure is required. The inclusion of cognitive-behavioral methods and manageable amounts of exercise might induce greater improvements than traditional methods of education in healthy eating practices. Women with morbid obesity ...
Fitzpatrick Stephanie L SL Department of Preventive Medicine, Rush University Medical Center, 1700 W. Van Buren St., Room 478A, Chicago, IL, 60607, USA, - - 2014
Examining responders and non-responders to behavioral lifestyle interventions among overweight/obese adults with additional comorbidities may aid in refining and tailoring obesity treatment. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the use of latent class analysis to identify patterns of response to behavioral lifestyle interventions based on adherence to diet ...
Yau Suk Yu SY State Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Science, Departments of Anatomy, Research Centre of Heart, Brain, Hormone and Healthy Ageing, Division of Medical Science, University of Victoria, BC, Canada V8P 5C2; - - 2014
Adiponectin (ADN) is an adipocyte-secreted protein with insulin-sensitizing, antidiabetic, antiinflammatory, and antiatherogenic properties. Evidence is also accumulating that ADN has neuroprotective activities, yet the underlying mechanism remains elusive. Here we show that ADN could pass through the blood-brain barrier, and elevating its levels in the brain increased cell proliferation and ...
Walker Jennifer M JM Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, - - 2014
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive, age-dependent neurodegenerative disorder affecting specific brain regions that control memory and cognitive functions. Epidemiological studies suggest that exercise and dietary antioxidants are beneficial in reducing AD risk. To date, botanical flavonoids are consistently associated with the prevention of age-related diseases. The present study investigated ...
Mizutani Kenmei K From the Division of Biochemistry, Fujita Memorial Nanakuri Institute (KM, SS, KS), and Department of Internal Medicine, Nanakuri Sanatorium (HW), Fujita Health University, Mie, - - 2014
Recently, it has become widely known that neuronal reorganization in the perilesional cortex contributes to some improvement of hemiparesis after stroke. Here, the authors examined in vivo the effects of administration of bryostatin-1, an activator of protein kinase C, combined with voluntary exercise on functional recovery and on cortical phosphorylation ...
Leite Marlon R MR Laboratório de Síntese, Reatividade e Avaliação Farmacológica e Toxicológica de Organocalcogênios, Centro de Ciências Naturais e Exatas, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria CEP 97105-900, Rio Grande do Sul, - - 2014
The increase in the inflammatory process is one of the main factors that contribute to aging. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a diphenyl diselenide (PhSe)2-supplemented diet (1p.p.m., 4weeks) and swimming exercise (3% of body weight, 20min per day, 4weeks) on the serum levels of ...
Graber Ted G TG Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Minnesota Medical School, - - 2014
Frailty is a major cause of disability and loss of independence in the elderly. Using clinically relevant criteria from our previously established mouse frailty index, we investigated the effects of aerobic exercise on frailty in male C57BL/6 mice. In order to measure the effect of treatment on the individual animals, ...
Neely Leslie L Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA - - 2014
Antecedent physical exercise has emerged as a potentially promising treatment for reducing challenging behavior and increasing academic behavior in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of physical exercise conducted prior to instructional sessions (antecedent physical exercise) on academic engagement and ...
Tuon T T Laboratory of Exercise Biochemistry and Physiology, Graduate Program in Health Sciences, Health Sciences Unit, Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense, Criciúma, Santa Catarina 88806-000, - - 2014
Depression is a neuropsychiatric disorder that is commonly found in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Many studies have suggested that physical exercise can have an antidepressant effect by increasing the levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and may also prevent neurodegenerative disease. However, different forms of training may promote different ...
Cechella José L JL Laboratório de Síntese, Reatividade e Avaliação Farmacológica e Toxicológica de Organocalcogênios, Centro de Ciências Naturais e Exatas, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, CEP 97105-900, Rio Grande do Sul, - - 2014
The cognitive function decline is closely related with brain changes generated by age. The ability of caffeine and exercise to prevent memory impairment has been reported in animal models and humans. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether swimming exercise and caffeine administration enhance memory in middle-aged ...
Folino Anthony A University of Toronto, - - 2014
Although a growing body of literature indicates that antecedent exercise is effective at reducing disruptive behaviors, there is a paucity of research examining the temporal effects of antecedent exercise. The present investigation involved 4 students (age range 11 to 14years) enrolled in a self-contained special education behavior classroom due to ...
Mukuda Takao T Laboratory of Neurobiology, Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences, Hiroshima University, Japan; Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Physical exercise is a robust stimulus that enhances hippocampal neurogenesis via cell proliferation in rodents. We examined the role of systemic angiotensin (Ang) peptides in exercise-dependent enhancement of neurogenesis in the adult rat hippocampus. Plasma angiotensin peptide concentration increased rapidly in response to 30min of treadmill exercise. After undertaking this ...
Focht Brian C - - 2014
Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is the foundation of treatment for men with metastatic prostate cancer and is now frequently incorporated into multimodality strategies for the curative treatment of locally advanced prostate cancer. Nevertheless, the catabolic effects of ADT result in meaningful adverse effects on physiological and quality of life outcomes, ...
Flôres Maíra F MF Applied Neuromechanics Group, Laboratory of Neuromechanics, Federal University of Pampa, Uruguaiana, RS, - - 2014
We investigated the effects of physical exercise and green tea supplementation (associated or not) on biochemical and behavioral parameters in the time course of normal aging. Male Wistar rats aged 9 month were divided into groups: control, physical exercise (treadmill running), and supplemented with green tea while either performing physical ...
Resnick Barbara B Barbara Resnick, PhD, CRNP, FAAN, FAANP, Professor, University of Maryland School of Nursing, Baltimore. Eun Shim Nahm, PhD, FAAN, Professor, University of Maryland School of Nursing, Baltimore. Shijun Zhu, PhD, Biostatistician, University of Maryland School of Nursing. Clayton Brown, PhD, Biostatistician, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore. Minjeong An, MS, Doctoral Student, University of Maryland School of Nursing, Baltimore. Bukyung Park, MS, Doctoral Student, University of Maryland School of Nursing, Baltimore. Jeannie Brown, MS, University of Maryland School of Nursing, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to test a model delineating the factors known to influence fear of falling and exercise behavior among older adults. This was a secondary data analysis using baseline data from the Bone Health study. A total of 866 individuals from two online communities participated in ...
Trinh Linda L Behavioral Medicine Laboratory, E4-88 Van Vliet Centre, Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2H9. Electronic address: - - 2014
Short-term physical activity (PA) has beneficial effects on symptom management and quality of life, however, longer-term adherence is likely needed for improved disease outcomes in breast cancer survivors (BCS). This study examined the effects of a supervised group exercise program on motivational outcomes and PA among BCS at 5-year follow-up. ...
Robinson Andrea M - - 2014
This study determined the duration of exercise and amount of methylphenidate that is needed to affect attentional function and social behavior in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), a commonly used animal model of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Attention was assessed by measuring the orienting response to repeated presentations of a nonreinforced visual ...
Hsu Yi-Ju YJ 1Graduate Institute of Sports Science, National Taiwan Sport University, Taoyuan 33301, Taiwan 2National Laboratory Animal Center, National Applied Research Laboratories, Taipei 11529, Taiwan 3Graduate Institute of Athletics and Coaching Science, National Taiwan Sport University, Taoyuan 33301, - - 2014
The antioxidant enzyme system helps protect against intense exercise-induced oxidative damage and is related to the physical status of athletes. Evidence suggests that intestinal microbiota may be an important environmental factor associated with host metabolism, physiology, and antioxidant endogenous defense. However, evidence of the effect of gut microbiota status on ...
Chamera Tomasz T 1Department of Sport, Faculty of Sport Education, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Gdansk, Poland; 2Department of Theory and Methodology of Team Sports and Recreational Games, Institute of Sports, University School of Physical Education in Cracow, Cracow, Poland; 3Department of Biochemistry, University of Szczecin, Szczecin, Poland; and 4Department of Biological Bases of Physical Culture, Faculty of Physical Education and Health Promotion, University of Szczecin, Szczecin, - - 2014
Chamera, T, Spieszny, M, Klocek, T, Kostrzewa-Nowak, D, Nowak, R, Lachowicz, M, Buryta, R, and Cięszczyk, P. Could biochemical liver profile help to assess metabolic response to aerobic effort in athletes? J Strength Cond Res 28(8): 2180-2186, 2014-Monitoring and optimizing the effectiveness of training course require wide analyses of athletes' ...
Visschers Naomi C A NC Child Development & Exercise Centre, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The - - 2014
The ventilatory anaerobic threshold (VAT) is an important method to assess the aerobic fitness in patients with cardiopulmonary disease. Several methods exist to determine the VAT; however, there is no consensus which of these methods is the most accurate. To compare four different non-invasive methods for the determination of the ...
Kang S-K SK Department of Graduate School of Education, Yongin University, Yongin, Republic of - - 2014
The purposes of this study were to verify and compare the performances of anaerobic threshold (AT) point estimates among different filtering intervals (9, 15, 20, 25, 30 s) and to investigate the interrelationships of AT point estimates obtained by ventilatory threshold (VT) and muscle fatigue thresholds using electromyographic (EMG) activity during ...
Dunn Stephanie S St. Catherines Hospital, Wirral Heart Support Centre, Chester, United - - 2014
Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR) programs are the most cost-effective measure for reducing morbidity associated with Coronary Vascular Disease (CVD). To be more effective there is a need to understand what influences the maintenance of healthy behaviors. This study identifies similar and different influences in CR of the United Kingdom (UK) and ...
Desai Pakaja M - - 2014
To examine the impact of telephone reinforcement (TR) on predictors of physical activity (PA) maintenance in older adults with osteoarthritis. Mixed effects modeling was conducted of data from a randomized PA trial that used negotiated maintenance contracts, supplemented by TR, to test impact of TR on barriers, decisional balance, and ...
Cegieła Urszula - - 2014
Clinical studies indicate that proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), used long-term in elderly patients, increase the risk of osteoporotic fractures, and decrease the anti-fracture efficacy of alendronate. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of physical exercise on the anti-osteoporotic efficacy of alendronate administered concurrently with lansoprazole, ...
Vezina Jesse W JW Department of Exercise and Wellness, Arizona State - - 2014
To date, few studies have looked at the energy expenditure (EE) of individual resistance training (RT) exercises. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the EE of four modes of RT (push-ups, curl-ups, pull-ups, and lunges) using two different calculation methods for estimating EE. Twelve healthy males with a ...
Lin Bor-Shing BS Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering, National Taipei University, No. 151, University Road, Sanshia District, New Taipei City 23741, Taiwan. - - 2014
Cardiovascular patients consult doctors for advice regarding regular exercise, whereas obese patients must self-manage their weight. Because a system for permanently monitoring and tracking patients' exercise intensities and workouts is necessary, a system for recognizing gait and estimating walking exercise intensity was proposed. For gait recognition analysis, αβ filters were ...
Cheng Yu-Jung YJ Department of Physical Therapy and Graduate Institute of Rehabilitation Science, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan, - - 2014
Herb supplements are widely used by Asian athletes; however, there are no studies evaluated the co-effects of exercise and herb supplements on hepatic failure. In this study, D-GalN/LPS-induced fulminant hepatic failure was used to examine whether there are synergistic or antagonistic effects of exercise and Cordyceps sinensis (CS). Mice were ...
Ahmad Mohamad Hasnan MH Centre of Nutrition Epidemiology Research, Institute of Public Health, Ministry of Health, Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
This study aimed to determine the factors associated with exercise behavior based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) among the sarcopenic elderly people in Cheras, Kuala Lumpur. A total of 65 subjects with mean ages of 67.5±5.2 (men) and 66.1±5.1 (women) years participated in this study. Subjects were divided ...
Butler Christina L CL College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, NY 14853-6401, - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of pawing behavior in a population of Standardbred racehorses and the relationship of pawing frequency to time of day. Standardbreds (n=41) were observed using instantaneous scan sampling twice daily, in the morning before training and in the afternoon after training. ...
Hale Bruce D - - 2013
Extensive research has shown that male bodybuilders are at high risk for exercise dependence, but few studies have measured these variables in female bodybuilders. Prior research has postulated that muscular dysmorphia was more prevalent in men than women, but several qualitative studies of female bodybuilders have indicated that female bodybuilders ...
Noakes Timothy David - - 2012
An influential book written by A. Mosso in the late nineteenth century proposed that fatigue that "at first sight might appear an imperfection of our body, is on the contrary one of its most marvelous perfections. The fatigue increasing more rapidly than the amount of work done saves us from ...
Miners Andrew L - - 2011
To describe the subjective pain and functional improvements of a patient with chronic Achilles tendinopathy following a treatment plan incorporating active and passive tissue warm-up, followed respectively by soft tissue mobilization utilizing both Graston Technique(®) and Active Release Techniques(®), eccentric exercise, and static stretching in combination with cryotherapy. The primary ...
Little Jonathan P - - 2011
It has been known for more than 4 decades that exercise causes increases in skeletal muscle mitochondrial enzyme content and activity (i.e., mitochondrial biogenesis). Increasing evidence now suggests that exercise can induce mitochondrial biogenesis in a wide range of tissues not normally associated with the metabolic demands of exercise. Perturbations ...
Cadet Edwin R - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to characterize and compare the vascularity of arthroscopically repaired rotator cuff tendons at short-term and intermediate-term follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen patients who underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair were prospectively monitored for an average of 21.2 months. Initial baseline, grayscale ultrasound images of ...
Escribano B M - - 2011
We hypothesized that the information obtained from a discriminant analysis could be used to objectively discriminate horses untrained from early ages, in agreement with certain physiological characteristics. In the biopsies of 24 Spanish Pure Bred horses (1.5-3years old) before and after a standardized exercise test (SET; 4-7m/s with a change ...
Wicks John R - - 2011
PURPOSE:: Energy expenditure measured in METs (metabolic equivalents) is widely used in cardiovascular medicine, exercise physiology and nutrition assessment. However, measurement of METs requires complex equipment to determine oxygen consumption. A simple method to predict oxygen consumption based on heart rate (HR) measurements without requirement for gas analysis, movement recording ...
Mulhall Peter - - 2011
Early adolescence is developmental period when youth begin to shift exercise and physical activity patterns toward increased sedentary living. The major causes and contributing factors to this change are poorly understood. This study examines the relationship between sociodemographic factors, behavioral and family factors that influence physical activity patterns of middle ...
Conger Scott A - - 2011
Carbohydrate (CHO) and caffeine (CAF) both improve endurance performance. To determine by systematic literature review coupled with meta-analysis whether CAF ingested with CHO (CHO+CAF) improves endurance performance more than CHO alone. Databases were searched using the keywords caffeine, endurance, exercise, carbohydrate, and performance. Criteria for inclusion were studies that used ...
Benatti Fabiana Braga - - 2011
Liposuction is the most popular aesthetic surgery performed in Brazil and worldwide. Evidence showing that adipose tissue is a metabolically active tissue has led to the suggestion that liposuction could be a viable method for improving metabolic profile through the immediate loss of adipose tissue. However, the immediate liposuction-induced increase ...
Yeung Pollen K F - - 2010
To study the effect of exercise on hemodynamic profiles and red blood cell (RBC) concentrations of adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP). Male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats (n = 9) were exercised on a treadmill for 15 min at a speed of 10 m/min with a 5% gradient after an hour settling down in a ...
Connes Philippe - - 2010
The relationship between blood rheology and hemodynamics is complex, and the following review presents several aspects of exercise hemorheology, with the focus on both cycling and running as exercise. The scientific literature assessing the effects of warm environment on exercise hemorheology is presented and the potential consequences for a specific ...
Dufour Stéphane P - - 2010
The erythrocyte is proposed to play a key role in the control of local tissue perfusion via three O(2)-dependent signaling mechanisms: 1) reduction of circulating nitrite to vasoactive NO, 2) S-nitrosohemoglobin (SNO-Hb)-dependent vasodilatation, and 3) release of the vasodilator and sympatholytic ATP; however, their relative roles in vivo remain unclear. ...
Zhu M - - 2010
This paper aims to investigate the effects of verbascoside and martynoside isolated from PEDICULARIS DOLICHOCYMBA on sports anaemia. Forty mice were divided into four groups: Group R (control group, nonsupplemented and maintained at rest), Group E (nonsupplemented and undergoing exercise), Group VE (supplemented with verbascoside 10 mg/kg per day and ...
Boone Jan - - 2010
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the sigmoid pattern of deoxy[Hb + Mb] during incremental exercise is specific to non-steady-state conditions. METHODS: Ten highly trained cyclists performed an incremental step (40 W x 3 min(-1)) and ramp (35 W x min(-1)) exercise. Deoxy[Hb + Mb] ...
Connes Philippe - - 2010
The present article summarizes recent data presented at the Exercise and Hemorheology symposium during the 15th Conference of the European Society for Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation (June 28-July 1, Pontresina, Switzerland, 2009). The review starts with several unresolved paradoxes in exercise hemorheology. Then, we focus on the potential hemorheological and ...
Tripette Julien - - 2010
The present study investigated the hemorheological and endothelial alterations in sickle cell trait (SCT) carriers in response to a submaximal exercise. Eleven SCT carriers and 11 subjects with normal hemoglobin performed submaximal exercise for 15 min. Blood was sampled at rest, at the end of exercise, and at 2 and ...
Brun Jean-Frédéric - - 2010
Alterations of blood rheology related to muscular activity have been extensively studied over the last 20 years. It has been shown that exercise exerts a "triphasic" action on the rheological properties of blood. In the short term, exercise induces a transient hyperviscosity, mostly due to a rise in hematocrit and ...
Zhai Hongbo - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Tissue Viability Imaging (TiVi) is an emerging bioengineering technology intended for two-dimensional mapping of skin erythema and blanching. Before TiVi can be effectively used in studies of diseased or damaged skin, the variability in normal skin red blood cell concentration (RBC(conc)) requires evaluation. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate how TiVi maps ...
Cakir-Atabek Hayriye - - 2009
This study aimed to investigate the short and long-term effects of resistance exercise training (RET) performed at different intensities (moderate and submaximal) on red blood cell (RBC) deformability and aggregation. 14 young male subjects were divided into two groups: Moderate intensity group performed 3 sets of 12 repetitions at an ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >