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MacCann Carolyn C School of Psychology, University of Sydney, Sydney, - - 2015
To explore whether HEXACO personality domains could incrementally increase the prediction of exercise behavior above Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) variables, and whether personality moderated the intention-behavior gap. US College students (N = 1017) completed demographic, TPB, HEXACO domain and exercise behavior measures. The TPB predicted physical activity, accounting for ...
Drum Marti G MG Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee, 2407 River Drive, Knoxville TN 37996, - - 2015
Cats have orthopedic problems, including osteoarthritis, fractures, and luxations that are positively impacted by physical rehabilitation. Most cats have an independent behavior that requires using a tactful approach to rehabilitation. Cats often do well with manual therapy and electrophysical modalities. Feline rehabilitation sessions may be shorter than canine rehabilitation sessions. ...
Hirvonen Noora N a Information Studies, Faculty of Humanities , University of Oulu , Oulu , - - 2014
Tailored feedback on personal physical activity behavior has been used to inform individuals and promote physical activity among different populations. This study aimed to increase the understanding of factors associated with young men's preferences for feedback message tactics in the context of physical activity and exercise. How preferences vary was ...
Chan Joanne Chung-Yan JC Assistant Professor, The Nethersole School of Nursing, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Email: chanchungyan@cuhk.edu.hk , 2. The Hong Kong Polytechnic - - 2014
Abstract Background: Though expected to be role models in health promotion, research has shown that nursing students often have suboptimal exercise behavior. Aim: This study explored the psychological factors associated with the exercise behavior of nursing students. Methods/Design: A total of 195 first-year undergraduate nursing students completed a crosssectional quantitative ...
Saadati Hakimeh H Neuroscience Research Center, Institute of Neuropharmacology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran. Electronic address: - - 2014
Previous studies indicated that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is the main candidate to mediate the beneficial effects of exercise on cognitive function in sleep deprived male rats. In addition, our previous findings demonstrate that female rats are more vulnerable to the deleterious effects of sleep deprivation on cognitive performance and ...
Symons Downs Danielle D Department of Kinesiology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, - - 2014
Nearly 50% of U.S. women enter pregnancy as overweight or obese (OW/OB). There is a critical need to understand how to motivate OW/OB pregnant women for exercise behavior to improve their health and reduce adverse pregnancy outcomes. To examine salient Theory of Planned Behavior belief predictors of normal weight (NW) ...
Kondo M M Department of Neuroscience and Cell Biology, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Suita, - - 2014
Exercise has a variety of beneficial effects on brain structure and function, such as hippocampal neurogenesis, mood and memory. Previous studies have shown that exercise enhances hippocampal neurogenesis, induces antidepressant effects and improves learning behavior. Brain serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) levels increase following exercise, and the 5-HT system has been suggested ...
de Melo Neto João Simão JS Faculty of Medicine of Marília (FAMEMA), Marília, SP, - - 2014
The present study aimed to investigate the effects of the interaction between the abusive use of nandrolone decanoate (ND) and physical activity on the prostate structure of adult and older rats. We evaluated whether the use of ND, associated or not with physical exercise during the post-pubertal stage, interferes with ...
Ahmadalipour Ali A Laboratory of Learning and Memory, Research Center and Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, - - 2014
Prenatal exposure to morphine throughout pregnancy results in an array of prolonged or permanent neurochemical and behavioral deficits, including deficits in learning and memory in children of addicted mothers. This study investigated the effects of forced exercise on behavioral deficits of pups born to mothers addicted to morphine in rats. ...
Cook Brian B Neuropsychiatric Research Institute, United States; University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Excessive exercise is a common feature of eating disorders (ED) and is associated with earlier ED onset, more ED symptoms, and higher persistence of ED behavior. Research indicates that exercise amount alone is not associated with ED. The purpose of this study was to investigate pathological attitudes and behaviors related ...
de Meireles Louisiana Carolina Ferreira LC Programa de Pós-Graduação em Medicina: Ciências Médicas, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, - - 2014
Epigenetic modifications have been linked to memory formation after learning context exposure and to exercise effects on memory performance. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of treadmill exercise (20min/day during 2weeks) on H3K14 acetylation and H3S10 phosphorylation levels in the hippocampi of 3-month-old Wistar rats exposed ...
Ogbonmwan Yvonne E YE Neuroscience Graduate Program, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, 30322, - - 2014
Voluntary aerobic exercise has shown promise as a treatment for substance abuse, reducing relapse in cocaine-dependent people. Wheel running also attenuates drug-primed and cue-induced reinstatement of cocaine seeking in rats, an animal model of relapse. However, in most of these studies, wheel access was provided throughout cocaine self-administration and/or extinction ...
Tsuboi Hisanori H Department of Gerodontology, Division of Oral Health Science, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Dental Medicine, Kita 13, Nishi 7, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060-8586, Japan; Department of Oral Physiology, Division of Oral Functional Science, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Dental Medicine, Kita 13, Nishi 7, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060-8586, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Studies have shown that exercise can enhance learning and memory. Conditioned taste aversion (CTA) is an avoidance behavior induced by associative memory of the taste sensation for something pleasant or neutral with a negative visceral reaction caused by the coincident action of a toxic substance that is tasteless or administered ...
Annesi James J JJ YMCA of Metro Atlanta, 100 Edgewood Avenue NE, Suite 1100, Atlanta, GA, 30303, USA, - - 2014
To improve success rates of behavioral weight-loss treatments, a better understanding of psychosocial factors that discriminate between weight-loss success and failure is required. The inclusion of cognitive-behavioral methods and manageable amounts of exercise might induce greater improvements than traditional methods of education in healthy eating practices. Women with morbid obesity ...
Fitzpatrick Stephanie L SL Department of Preventive Medicine, Rush University Medical Center, 1700 W. Van Buren St., Room 478A, Chicago, IL, 60607, USA, - - 2014
Examining responders and non-responders to behavioral lifestyle interventions among overweight/obese adults with additional comorbidities may aid in refining and tailoring obesity treatment. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the use of latent class analysis to identify patterns of response to behavioral lifestyle interventions based on adherence to diet ...
Yau Suk Yu SY State Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Science, Departments of Anatomy, Research Centre of Heart, Brain, Hormone and Healthy Ageing, Division of Medical Science, University of Victoria, BC, Canada V8P 5C2; - - 2014
Adiponectin (ADN) is an adipocyte-secreted protein with insulin-sensitizing, antidiabetic, antiinflammatory, and antiatherogenic properties. Evidence is also accumulating that ADN has neuroprotective activities, yet the underlying mechanism remains elusive. Here we show that ADN could pass through the blood-brain barrier, and elevating its levels in the brain increased cell proliferation and ...
Wirth Alfred A Bad Rothenfelde, Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Section of Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes, University Medical Center Ulm, Ulm, Else Kroener-Fresenius-Center for Nutritional Medicine, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universität München, - - 2014
The high prevalence of obesity (24% of the adult population) and its adverse effects on health call for effective prevention and treatment. Pertinent articles were retrieved by a systematic literature search for the period 2005 to 2012. A total of 4495 abstracts were examined. 119 publications were analyzed, and recommendations ...
Walker Jennifer M JM Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, - - 2014
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive, age-dependent neurodegenerative disorder affecting specific brain regions that control memory and cognitive functions. Epidemiological studies suggest that exercise and dietary antioxidants are beneficial in reducing AD risk. To date, botanical flavonoids are consistently associated with the prevention of age-related diseases. The present study investigated ...
Mizutani Kenmei K From the Division of Biochemistry, Fujita Memorial Nanakuri Institute (KM, SS, KS), and Department of Internal Medicine, Nanakuri Sanatorium (HW), Fujita Health University, Mie, - - 2014
Recently, it has become widely known that neuronal reorganization in the perilesional cortex contributes to some improvement of hemiparesis after stroke. Here, the authors examined in vivo the effects of administration of bryostatin-1, an activator of protein kinase C, combined with voluntary exercise on functional recovery and on cortical phosphorylation ...
Leite Marlon R MR Laboratório de Síntese, Reatividade e Avaliação Farmacológica e Toxicológica de Organocalcogênios, Centro de Ciências Naturais e Exatas, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria CEP 97105-900, Rio Grande do Sul, - - 2014
The increase in the inflammatory process is one of the main factors that contribute to aging. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a diphenyl diselenide (PhSe)2-supplemented diet (1p.p.m., 4weeks) and swimming exercise (3% of body weight, 20min per day, 4weeks) on the serum levels of ...
Cramer Holger - - 2014
Health behavior change can improve physical and psychosocial outcomes in internal medicine patients.Purpose This study aims to identify predictors for health behavior change after an integrative medicine inpatient program. German internal medicine patients' (N =2,486; 80 %female; 53.9±14.3 years) practice frequency for aerobic exercise(e.g., walking, running, cycling, swimming), meditative movement ...
Sylvester Benjamin D BD School of Kinesiology, University of British Columbia, - - 2014
In this study, we examined whether perceived variety in exercise prospectively predicts unique variance in exercise behavior when examined alongside satisfaction of the three basic psychological needs (for competence, relatedness, and autonomy) embedded within self-determination theory (Ryan & Deci, 2002), through the mediating role of autonomous and controlled motivation. A ...
Qi Bo B Department of Physical Education, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410083, P.R. - - 2014
The fleshy root of Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer (ginseng) is one of the most well-known and valued herbs in traditional Chinese medicine. Ginsenosides are considered mainly responsible for the pharmacological activities of ginseng. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of ginsenoside-Rb1 (G-Rb1) on swimming exercise-induced oxidative ...
Baek Dae-Jung DJ Department of Sport & Health Science, College of Natural Science, Sangmyung University, Seoul, - - 2014
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) involves clinically heterogeneous dysfunctions of sustained attention, with behavioral hyper-activity and impulsivity. The exact underlying mechanisms of ADHD are not known, however, impairment of dopaminergic system in the nigrostriatal pathway was suggested as the one of the possible mechanisms of ADHD. Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) is the rate-limiting ...
Graber Ted G TG Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Minnesota Medical School, - - 2014
Frailty is a major cause of disability and loss of independence in the elderly. Using clinically relevant criteria from our previously established mouse frailty index, we investigated the effects of aerobic exercise on frailty in male C57BL/6 mice. In order to measure the effect of treatment on the individual animals, ...
Neely Leslie L Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA - - 2014
Antecedent physical exercise has emerged as a potentially promising treatment for reducing challenging behavior and increasing academic behavior in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of physical exercise conducted prior to instructional sessions (antecedent physical exercise) on academic engagement and ...
Tuon T T Laboratory of Exercise Biochemistry and Physiology, Graduate Program in Health Sciences, Health Sciences Unit, Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense, Criciúma, Santa Catarina 88806-000, - - 2014
Depression is a neuropsychiatric disorder that is commonly found in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Many studies have suggested that physical exercise can have an antidepressant effect by increasing the levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and may also prevent neurodegenerative disease. However, different forms of training may promote different ...
Cechella José L JL Laboratório de Síntese, Reatividade e Avaliação Farmacológica e Toxicológica de Organocalcogênios, Centro de Ciências Naturais e Exatas, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, CEP 97105-900, Rio Grande do Sul, - - 2014
The cognitive function decline is closely related with brain changes generated by age. The ability of caffeine and exercise to prevent memory impairment has been reported in animal models and humans. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether swimming exercise and caffeine administration enhance memory in middle-aged ...
Folino Anthony A University of Toronto, - - 2014
Although a growing body of literature indicates that antecedent exercise is effective at reducing disruptive behaviors, there is a paucity of research examining the temporal effects of antecedent exercise. The present investigation involved 4 students (age range 11 to 14years) enrolled in a self-contained special education behavior classroom due to ...
Mukuda Takao T Laboratory of Neurobiology, Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences, Hiroshima University, Japan; Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Physical exercise is a robust stimulus that enhances hippocampal neurogenesis via cell proliferation in rodents. We examined the role of systemic angiotensin (Ang) peptides in exercise-dependent enhancement of neurogenesis in the adult rat hippocampus. Plasma angiotensin peptide concentration increased rapidly in response to 30min of treadmill exercise. After undertaking this ...
Focht Brian C - - 2014
Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is the foundation of treatment for men with metastatic prostate cancer and is now frequently incorporated into multimodality strategies for the curative treatment of locally advanced prostate cancer. Nevertheless, the catabolic effects of ADT result in meaningful adverse effects on physiological and quality of life outcomes, ...
Flôres Maíra F MF Applied Neuromechanics Group, Laboratory of Neuromechanics, Federal University of Pampa, Uruguaiana, RS, - - 2014
We investigated the effects of physical exercise and green tea supplementation (associated or not) on biochemical and behavioral parameters in the time course of normal aging. Male Wistar rats aged 9 month were divided into groups: control, physical exercise (treadmill running), and supplemented with green tea while either performing physical ...
Resnick Barbara B Barbara Resnick, PhD, CRNP, FAAN, FAANP, Professor, University of Maryland School of Nursing, Baltimore. Eun Shim Nahm, PhD, FAAN, Professor, University of Maryland School of Nursing, Baltimore. Shijun Zhu, PhD, Biostatistician, University of Maryland School of Nursing. Clayton Brown, PhD, Biostatistician, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore. Minjeong An, MS, Doctoral Student, University of Maryland School of Nursing, Baltimore. Bukyung Park, MS, Doctoral Student, University of Maryland School of Nursing, Baltimore. Jeannie Brown, MS, University of Maryland School of Nursing, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to test a model delineating the factors known to influence fear of falling and exercise behavior among older adults. This was a secondary data analysis using baseline data from the Bone Health study. A total of 866 individuals from two online communities participated in ...
Trinh Linda L Behavioral Medicine Laboratory, E4-88 Van Vliet Centre, Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2H9. Electronic address: - - 2014
Short-term physical activity (PA) has beneficial effects on symptom management and quality of life, however, longer-term adherence is likely needed for improved disease outcomes in breast cancer survivors (BCS). This study examined the effects of a supervised group exercise program on motivational outcomes and PA among BCS at 5-year follow-up. ...
Robinson Andrea M - - 2014
This study determined the duration of exercise and amount of methylphenidate that is needed to affect attentional function and social behavior in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), a commonly used animal model of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Attention was assessed by measuring the orienting response to repeated presentations of a nonreinforced visual ...
Hsu Yi-Ju YJ 1Graduate Institute of Sports Science, National Taiwan Sport University, Taoyuan 33301, Taiwan 2National Laboratory Animal Center, National Applied Research Laboratories, Taipei 11529, Taiwan 3Graduate Institute of Athletics and Coaching Science, National Taiwan Sport University, Taoyuan 33301, - - 2014
The antioxidant enzyme system helps protect against intense exercise-induced oxidative damage and is related to the physical status of athletes. Evidence suggests that intestinal microbiota may be an important environmental factor associated with host metabolism, physiology, and antioxidant endogenous defense. However, evidence of the effect of gut microbiota status on ...
Chamera Tomasz T 1Department of Sport, Faculty of Sport Education, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Gdansk, Poland; 2Department of Theory and Methodology of Team Sports and Recreational Games, Institute of Sports, University School of Physical Education in Cracow, Cracow, Poland; 3Department of Biochemistry, University of Szczecin, Szczecin, Poland; and 4Department of Biological Bases of Physical Culture, Faculty of Physical Education and Health Promotion, University of Szczecin, Szczecin, - - 2014
Chamera, T, Spieszny, M, Klocek, T, Kostrzewa-Nowak, D, Nowak, R, Lachowicz, M, Buryta, R, and Cięszczyk, P. Could biochemical liver profile help to assess metabolic response to aerobic effort in athletes? J Strength Cond Res 28(8): 2180-2186, 2014-Monitoring and optimizing the effectiveness of training course require wide analyses of athletes' ...
Visschers Naomi C A NC Child Development & Exercise Centre, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The - - 2014
The ventilatory anaerobic threshold (VAT) is an important method to assess the aerobic fitness in patients with cardiopulmonary disease. Several methods exist to determine the VAT; however, there is no consensus which of these methods is the most accurate. To compare four different non-invasive methods for the determination of the ...
Kang S-K SK Department of Graduate School of Education, Yongin University, Yongin, Republic of - - 2014
The purposes of this study were to verify and compare the performances of anaerobic threshold (AT) point estimates among different filtering intervals (9, 15, 20, 25, 30 s) and to investigate the interrelationships of AT point estimates obtained by ventilatory threshold (VT) and muscle fatigue thresholds using electromyographic (EMG) activity during ...
Desai Pakaja M - - 2014
To examine the impact of telephone reinforcement (TR) on predictors of physical activity (PA) maintenance in older adults with osteoarthritis. Mixed effects modeling was conducted of data from a randomized PA trial that used negotiated maintenance contracts, supplemented by TR, to test impact of TR on barriers, decisional balance, and ...
Cegieła Urszula - - 2014
Clinical studies indicate that proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), used long-term in elderly patients, increase the risk of osteoporotic fractures, and decrease the anti-fracture efficacy of alendronate. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of physical exercise on the anti-osteoporotic efficacy of alendronate administered concurrently with lansoprazole, ...
Vezina Jesse W JW Department of Exercise and Wellness, Arizona State - - 2014
To date, few studies have looked at the energy expenditure (EE) of individual resistance training (RT) exercises. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the EE of four modes of RT (push-ups, curl-ups, pull-ups, and lunges) using two different calculation methods for estimating EE. Twelve healthy males with a ...
Lin Bor-Shing BS Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering, National Taipei University, No. 151, University Road, Sanshia District, New Taipei City 23741, Taiwan. - - 2014
Cardiovascular patients consult doctors for advice regarding regular exercise, whereas obese patients must self-manage their weight. Because a system for permanently monitoring and tracking patients' exercise intensities and workouts is necessary, a system for recognizing gait and estimating walking exercise intensity was proposed. For gait recognition analysis, αβ filters were ...
Cheng Yu-Jung YJ Department of Physical Therapy and Graduate Institute of Rehabilitation Science, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan, - - 2014
Herb supplements are widely used by Asian athletes; however, there are no studies evaluated the co-effects of exercise and herb supplements on hepatic failure. In this study, D-GalN/LPS-induced fulminant hepatic failure was used to examine whether there are synergistic or antagonistic effects of exercise and Cordyceps sinensis (CS). Mice were ...
Ahmad Mohamad Hasnan MH Centre of Nutrition Epidemiology Research, Institute of Public Health, Ministry of Health, Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
This study aimed to determine the factors associated with exercise behavior based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) among the sarcopenic elderly people in Cheras, Kuala Lumpur. A total of 65 subjects with mean ages of 67.5±5.2 (men) and 66.1±5.1 (women) years participated in this study. Subjects were divided ...
Butler Christina L CL College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, NY 14853-6401, - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of pawing behavior in a population of Standardbred racehorses and the relationship of pawing frequency to time of day. Standardbreds (n=41) were observed using instantaneous scan sampling twice daily, in the morning before training and in the afternoon after training. ...
Brust Korie B KB Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Midwestern University, Glendale, AZ, - - 2014
During acute exercise, normoglycemia is maintained by a precise match between hepatic glucose production and its peripheral utilization. This is met by a complex interplay of hepatic responses and glucose uptake by muscle. However, the effect of a single bout of exercise on hepatic gluconeogenesis, corticosterone (CORT) secretion, and glucose ...
Meulemans Shelli S School of Health Professions, Department of Public Health & Wellness, Andrews University, 8475 University Boulevard-Marsh Hall, Berrien Springs, MI 49104-0210, USA. - - 2014
The purpose of our study was to study the prevalence of exercise dependence (EXD) among college students and to investigate the role of EXD and gender on exercise behavior and eating disorders. Excessive exercise can become an addiction known as exercise dependence. In our population of 517 college students, 3.3% ...
Hale Bruce D - - 2013
Extensive research has shown that male bodybuilders are at high risk for exercise dependence, but few studies have measured these variables in female bodybuilders. Prior research has postulated that muscular dysmorphia was more prevalent in men than women, but several qualitative studies of female bodybuilders have indicated that female bodybuilders ...
Noakes Timothy David - - 2012
An influential book written by A. Mosso in the late nineteenth century proposed that fatigue that "at first sight might appear an imperfection of our body, is on the contrary one of its most marvelous perfections. The fatigue increasing more rapidly than the amount of work done saves us from ...
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