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Results 401 - 434 of 434
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Walsh L - - 1979
Serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) were compared in 241 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). There was a positive linear correlation between the 2 measurements with a high degree of variability. Neither age nor duration of RA had a detectable influence. The relationship between CRP and ...
Ramsey J M - - 1979
Since increases of erythrocytic 2,3-diphosphoglycerate (2,3-DPG) have been shown to enhance the release of oxygen from hemoglobin, experiments were designed to evaluate the response of 2,3-DPG to two different work-loads in 13 fasted human subjects. No signficant mean change in 2.3-DPG was found following 16 min of strenuous exercise on ...
Charache S - - 1978
Blood from carriers of hemoglobin Osler (Hb Osler) had almost the same oxygen affinity as that of carriers of Hb McKees Rocks (Hb MR) (P50 10-11 mm Hg), but Hb concentrations were higher in male carriers of the former (21.6 versus 17.2 g/dl). Two carriers of each Hb were studied ...
D'Addamio G H - - 1978
Hematologic parameters were determined at capture and during captivity for nine-banded armadillos. Compared to the time of capture, the mean erythrocyte counts were significantly lower after 6 months in captivity. After 1 year in captivity, the mean hematocrit was significantly higher and the mean neutrophil count in males was significantly ...
McKinney R J - - 1978
The linearity and repeatability of measurements of total haemoglobin concentration ([Hb]) and oxygen saturation (So2) by the OSM2 oximeter have been studied. Standard deviations (SD) of measurements from linearity were as follows: [Hb], 4.2 g . litre-1; So2, 1.14 to 1.08% between zero and 100% saturation. Reproducibility by a single ...
Fishbein W N - - 1978
Five cases of a new disease presented with muscular weakness or cramping after exercise; three of the cases also had an elevated serum creatine phosphokinase. Muscle biopsies were histologically normal but lacked adenylate deaminase by stain and solution assay, while the erythrocyte isozyme was normal. A clinical diagnostic test has ...
Sztobryn M - - 1978
In 79 swimmers aged 13--15 years the concentration of 2,3-DPG was determined in the erythrocytes at rest and 1 minute after the end of 7 minutes of submaximal exercise on an arm ergometer. In the examined subjects no significant changes were found in 2,3-DPG concentration in the erythrocytes. A non-significant ...
Kraan W J - - 1978
Determination of the dog's splenic storage volume without surgical procedures requires measurement of both circulating and total red cell volumes. The estimation of circulating red cell volume by radioisotope techniques is impeded by the rapid uptake of tagged cells in the spleen. The circulating cell volume might be calculated from ...
Carney M W - - 1978
Serum folate and B12 estimations were carried out on 272 admissions to a psychiatric unit during 1972 and 1973. 21.3% had serum folate below 2 ng/ml and 26.1% serum B12 below 150 pg/ml. The organic psychosis patients had a significantly lower mean B12 than the others, and were over-represented among ...
Assoku R K - - 1978
The possibility that the extreme refractoriness of the chicken to injected endotoxin would permit the buildup of sufficient free endotoxin in the circulation to immunologically modify the erythrocytes in vivo and thereby cause them to be eliminated from the circulation was investigated. It was shown that a moderately severe immunohaemolytic ...
de Bruyn C H - - 1978
An unusual form of galactosemia is described in a 7-month-old boy, characterized by a late onset of the clinical symptoms. A high apparent residual activity of erythrocyte galactose-1-phosphate uridyl transferase (GT) was measured with the spectrophotometric UDP-Glucose consumption test(+/-25% of normal). The residual activity in erythrocyte lysates, determined when the ...
Dintenfass L - - 1977
Sixty-two male subjects, including patients with postmyocardial infarction, angina, other disorders, and normals, were studied by exercise testing on the bicycle ergometer, including exercise ECG, and by in vitro determination of blood viscosity, plasma viscosity, aggregation of red cells, and other factors. Significant correlations were found between the blood viscosity ...
Meltzer H L - - 1977
The lithium pump in human erythrocyte membranes, which is responsible for extrusion of lithium against a concentration gradient, has been found to be reversibly repressed during periods of lithium carbonate administration. The pump activity of patients prior to lithium therapy is not different from controls. The onset of repression may ...
Lykkeboe G - - 1977
Effects of training and exercise on blood respiratory properties were investigated in standard-bred race horses. Training caused an increase in the circulating O2 capacity at rest from 18.4 to 21.0 vol%, and in the O2 capacity during exercise from 24.9 to 30.3 vol%. An increase in the in vitro oxygen ...
Purcell Y - - 1976
A modified automated colorimetric micromethod for the determination of red cell 2,3-diphosphoglycerate (2,3-DPG) adapted from that of Grisolia et al (1969) is described. In the modified method, ethylenediaminetetra-acetic acid (EDTA) is not used and consequently concentrations of several reagents are changed. During the development of the method it was found ...
Maeda N - - 1976
Pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP), an allosteric effector for the oxygenation of haemoglobin, was incorporated readily into erythrocytes and disappeared from them by simple passive diffusion. The disappearance of PLP from the cells was accelerated by the generation of 2,3-DPG in a medium of inosine, pyruvate and phosphate. The oxygen dissociation curve ...
Patterson J W - - 1976
Rat lenses incubated in hypotonic medium adapted to the medium by first undergoing osmotic swelling and then returning after 1 to 2 days to their originial volume. Two processes--osmotic swelling and volume regulation--appear to be working simultaneously. The former is indicated by a decrease in the concentration of cell potassium ...
Böning D - - 1976
Red cell concentrations of hemoglobin (MCHC), H+, Na+, K+, Mg++, cl- were measured in femoral venous blood of six untrained (UT), six endurance trained (TR) and three semitrained (ST) subjects during graded increasing work (4, 8, 12, 18 and 24 mkp/s, 10-15 min on each step) on a bicycle ergometer. ...
Ramírez A - - 1976
Occasional complications and even death in subjects with sickle cell trait have been attributed to severe physical exertion. However, the extent to which sickling actually occurs during exercise has not been reported. This study examined the red blood cell morphological features immediately following near maximal upright graded bicycle exercise in ...
Denis P - - 1976
The authors showed that 2,3-DPG red cell concentration (2,3-DPG) WAS SIGNIFICANTLY HIGHER DURING THE LAST WEEK Of the menstrual cycle of five women (1.08+/-0.09 mol-,p;Hb-1) (M +/- 1 SE) THAN DURING THE First part and the last but one week of the cycle (0.86+/-0.04 mol-molHb-1, p less than 0.01). PACO2 ...
Kuński H - - 1976
Concentration of 2,3-DPG was determined in erythrocytes of 30 young cyclists at rest, immediately after a strenuous physical exercise on a bicyle- ergometer, and then in 30th min rest following the exercise. It was found that exercise changes the concentration of 2,3-DPG in the erythrocytes and the trends of these ...
Rapoprot I - - 1976
The time course of the rate of the glycolysis of human erythrocytes and of some metabolites were determined before and after rapid deoxygenation at constant intracellular pH. For this purpose stripped deoxygenated haemoglobin was used as a rapid oxygen acceptor. Deoxygenation causes an increase of the glycolytic rate by 26%. ...
Bonner H W - - 1975
15 untrained women were subjected to a walking treadmill test to determine the influence of maximal exercise upon synthesis of erythrocyte 2,3 DPG. Although there was a 9.8% increase in the 2,3 DPG content following exercise, there was a concomitant 9.4% increase in the hemoglobin level; therefore, when 2,3 DPG ...
Kawakami Y - - 1975
Factors affecting erythrocyte K+ content and plasma electrolytes during light exercise were examined in 8 normal subjects and 27 patients with chronic obstructive lung disease. The patients were classified into bronchitis, emphysema and intermediate groups. Arterial blood was obtained during rest, after 2, 5, and 7 min. of exercise on ...
Fahey T D - - 1975
The purpose of this study was to determine if finger tip capillary blood hematocrit is a valid estimate of anticubital venous blood hematocrit at rest and after submaximal exercise. Simultaneous samples of finger tip cpaillary and venous blood were drawn from thirty-one subjects (15 males, 16 females) before and after ...
Shields,Charles E.
Red cells obtained from human, monkey and canine subjects were stored in acid-citrate-dextrose (ACD) over a six week period and periodically tested for mid saturation point (P50), pH, adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and 2,3-diphosphoglycerate (DPG) levels. In addition, blood obtained from dogs kept chronically anemic and also from those undergoing daily ...
Ramm L E - - 1973
The hemolysis of sheep red blood cells by Rickettsia prowazeki has been characterized. A requirement for the adsorption of the rickettsia to the erythrocyte was indicated. No indication of the production of a soluble hemolysin was observed. Neither adsorption nor hemolysis can proceed at 0 C. The hemolytic process is ...
Okuno T - - 1972
The MCV (mean corpuscular volume) was examined by the Coulter model S. It was found that the MCV measured by the Coulter S was larger than the generally accepted range 82 to 92, or 76 to 96 mu(3). The range in 500 healthy individuals was 82.2 to 100.6 mu(3). It ...
Broun, G. O.
A definite increase in the percentage of reticulocytes occurs after exercise in animals previously kept to a sedentary life. Concomitant changes in the hemoglobin percentage, plasma-cell ratio, and red count offer evidence in addition to that already reported by the author of the occurrence of an increase in blood destruction ...
Broun, G. O.
A great decrease in total circulating hemoglobin and red cell volume occurs in dogs long maintained under sedentary conditions when they are exercised vigorously during several consecutive days. This would appear to be consequent on increased blood destruction, unrepaired for the time being.
Broun, G. O.
The following changes have been demonstrated to take place in the blood of dogs during exercise. 1. An increase in the per cent of cells and hemoglobin in the blood of the jugular vein occurs early in the course of exercise. It probably results from a redistribution of red corpuscles, ...
Broun G O - - 1923
A definite increase in the percentage of reticulocytes occurs after exercise in animals previously kept to a sedentary life. Concomitant changes in the hemoglobin percentage, plasma-cell ratio, and red count offer evidence in addition to that already reported by the author of the occurrence of an increase in blood destruction ...
Broun G O - - 1923
A great decrease in total circulating hemoglobin and red cell volume occurs in dogs long maintained under sedentary conditions when they are exercised vigorously during several consecutive days. This would appear to be consequent on increased blood destruction, unrepaired for the time being.
Broun G O - - 1922
The following changes have been demonstrated to take place in the blood of dogs during exercise. 1. An increase in the per cent of cells and hemoglobin in the blood of the jugular vein occurs early in the course of exercise. It probably results from a redistribution of red corpuscles, ...
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