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Vieira H F - - 1982
1. Hemoglobin from terrestrial and an aquatic amphibia Bufo paracnemis and Pipa pipae respectively both living in the same region (Belém, Pará) were compared. 2. The number of hemolysate components were determined by starch-gel electrophoresis and CMC-chromatography. P. pipae hemoglobin presented 4 components and B. paracnemis 2, all of anodic ...
Thiriot C - - 1982
In this work, we studied the influence of whole-body gamma irradiation (8 Gy) upon oxygen transport by erythrocytes, through the erythrocyte count and related parameters, and through the factors affecting the oxygen affinity of hemoglobin. The oxygen affinity of hemoglobin is increased from day D + 5 after irradiation, and ...
de Boisfleury Chevance A - - 1982
We report the case of a 5 1/2-year-old Congolese girl with homozygous sickle cell anemia and hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin (Hemoglobin S 88%, Hemoglobin A2 2%, Hemoglobin F 10%). She presented marked enlargement of the spleen, descending into the left iliac fossa and producing significant hypersplenism with thrombocytopenia as ...
DeSimone J - - 1981
Previous studies have shown that the magnitude of the fetal haemoglobin (Hb F) response to haemolytic anaemia and hypobaric hypoxia in the baboon is specific to an animal ('high and low Hb F responders'), suggesting that the Hb F response is under genetic control. In this study Hb F levels ...
Latman N S - - 1981
A literature survey revealed many reports implicating the microclimate and seasonal changes in arthritic diseases. Therefore, a retrospective study of the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and the C-reactive protein (CRP) concentration of 2,802 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) was performed. No statistically significant fluctuation was found when analyzed according to the month ...
Platt O S - - 1981
A patient with xerocytosis was found to have swimming-induced intravascular hemolysis and shortening of erythrocyte life-span. In a microviscometer, xerocytes were more susceptible than normal erythrocytes to hemolysis by shear stress. Fractionation of normal and abnormal cells on discontinuous Stractan density gradients revealed that increasingly dehydrated cells were increasingly more ...
Boucher J H - - 1981
The erythrocytes of 14 conditioned horses participating in a 157-km endurance ride (requiring 14-21 h) were examined before the ride, immediately upon entering the 44-91-, and 130-km rest stops, and at the finish. At the first rest stop (44 km), the mean erythrocyte count increased 41% (P less than 0.001), ...
Giampieri M P - - 1981
A quantitative analysis of lipocytes (fat-storing cells, Ito cells) has been conducted on needle liver biopsies of 8 subjects without hepatic impairment. The mean volume density of lipocytes was 1.88 +/- 0.25% of parenchymal volume, and the number of lipocytes per 1,000 hepatocytes (Ito cell index) was 63.45 +/- 19.18. ...
Meen H D - - 1981
Previous studies of the influence of physical exercise on erythrocyte 2,3-DPG have shown conflicting results, including that exercise induces increase, decrease or no changes in 2,3-DPG. Assuming that the interplay between the factors governing 2,3-DPG metabolism may change considerably during the early phase of recovery after exercise, the level of ...
Ataullakhanov F I - - 1981
The mathematical modelling of human erythrocyte energy metabolism has shown that stabilization of ATP concentration can be achieved if the curve representing the relation between glycolysis rate and ATP concentration (glycolysis characteristic) is bell-shaped with steeply descending part at physiologically normal ATP concentration. The glycolysis characteristic of human erythrocytes has ...
Chao T L - - 1981
The contribution of the high molecular weight hemoglobin (HMW Hb) to the antisickling effect produced by treatment of sickle cell erythrocytes with methyl acetimidate (MAI) was investigated. Erythrocytes obtained from sickle cell anemia and normal individuals were incubated with varying concentrations of MAI. The presence of intermolecularly crosslinked HMW Hb ...
Miller D M - - 1980
Ten patients with sickle cell anemia underwent partial exchange transfusion with hemoglobin-A-containing cells using a technique that allowed hemoglobin concentration and blood volume to remain constant. The mean fraction of hemoglobin-A in these patients increased from 9% to 55%, but the mean hemoglobin concentration increased by only 1.44 g/dl. The ...
Fisher D D - - 1980
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of certain environmental and genetic factors on selected hematologic characteristics of beef cows under wintering and grazing conditions in the Northeast. Packed cell volume PCV, hemoglobin concentration (Hb), RBC count, and WBC count were determined in serial blood samples collected ...
Buckley D E - - 1980
Erythrocyte and leucocyte numbers and cyclic AMP content were monitored weekly in a mentally defective short-cycle manic-depressive woman. The erythrocyte count remained relatively constant but cyclic AMP content when manic was significantly higher than when depressed, and the mood and biochemical data appeared to have the same periodicity, with coincident ...
Markiewicz K - - 1980
The reported investigations were carried out in 6 young (20 years old) healthy males who performed a 10-minute exercise on a Monark cycle ergometer at workloads increasing the heart rate to 170/minute. Before the exercise, after its termination, and after 30 minutes of restitution the concentrations of adenosine-5' triphosphate, adenosine-5' ...
Klein J P - - 1980
We assessed hemoglobin affinity for oxygen (standard P50: pH 7.40, PCO2 40 Torr, temperature 37 degrees C) in 3 series of studies of 16 male subjects who performed exhaustive treadmill exercise of 10 min duration. Standard P50 was significantly elevated (0.7--2.5 Torr) during the last minute of and for 30 ...
Nagata H - - 1980
The present study was designed to examine the osmotic resistance of erythrocytes measured by a new method-Coil Planet Centrifuge under the glutaraldehyde incubation, and to determine free cholesterol and adenine nucleotide contents of glutaraldehyde-treated erythrocytes compared with that of control erythrocytes. Glutaraldehyde increased the osmotic resistance of erythrocytes. Hemolysis end ...
Gazenko O G - - 1980
Four experiments were carried out with mammals (white laboratory rats) in Kosmos biosatellites. The experimental results indicate that rather prolonged weightlessness does not cause pathological changes in internal organs. Changes were discovered in the metabolic and hormonal status of the organisms, allowing us to consider an 18-22-day space flight as ...
Haralambie G - - 1980
Sixteen young adults were investigated before, immediately after and 24 h after swimming 5,200 +/- 618 m in 90 min. Mean pulse rate at the end of exercise was 151.3 min-1; skin and rectal temperature both slightly increased. Except for a marked leukocytosis, no changes were observed in other blood ...
Honig C R - - 1980
Erythrocyte-containing capillaries were counted in dog gracilis muscles freeze-clamped at rest and after twitch contraction at 4/s. In each of 21 muscles, 6--8 blocks were examined at -70 degrees C without fixation or staining; 15 fields were counted per block. Frequency analysis of capillaries per field based on the negative ...
Böswart J - - 1980
The effect of physical exercise on erythrocyte 2,3-diphosphoglycerate (2,3-DPG) content was studied in eight trained speed canoeists aged 15-25 years. One-stage-4-min load on a paddling ergometer corresponding to a 1 km race was observed. During the test, the following cardiorespiratory parameters were recorded: V, VO2, VO2/kg, HR, VO2/HR, R. Blood ...
Ockelford P A - - 1980
Hb Volga (beta 27 Ala replaced by Asp) on the basis of physical tests is only a mildly unstable hemoglobin yet it is associated with a gross reticulocytosis. This is partly explicable by an increased oxygen affinity with a compensating erythrocytosis but there is also brisk hemolysis. It is not ...
Radomski M W - - 1980
Hematological changes were studied in physically fit young soldiers who marched 35 km/d for 6 d, working at 35% of their Vo2 max. Four days of marching produced decreases in numbers of erythrocytes (RBC) and in hematocrit (Hct). This "sports anemia" persisted beyond day 6 into the post-march period and ...
Remes K - - 1979
A statistically significant 10% increase (p less than 0.005) in mean red cell 2,3-diphosphoglycerate (2,3-DPG) concentration, concomitantly with a mean 16% increase (p less than 0.001) in the predicted maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) was observed in 29 recruits, who were studied during 6 months of physical training in military service. ...
Talstad I - - 1979
The relationship between the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and plasma proteins was studied within homogenous clinical material and in vitro models. In acute phase reactions, fibrinogen was the likely cause of the ESR-elevation, but there were significant associations between the ESR and the concentrations of alpha 1-antitrypsin, C3, haptoglobin and ...
Karsh J - - 1979
Four patients with active, severe rheumatoid arthritis were subjected to the removal of circulating lymphocytes (lymphapheresis) for a 6-week period by use of a continuous flow cell centrifuge. Repetitive venous access was gained through forearm arteriovenous fistulae. In all patients the Ritchie-Camp articular index declined rapidly in the first week ...
Tomasik M - - 1979
A group of 27 canoeists from the national team and 35 subjects beginning training in a sports discipline were subjected to investigations for determination of glucose utilization by erythrocytes, and the level of lactic acid in these cells and in serum. Furthermore, erythrocyte count and haematocrit value were determined in ...
Walsh L - - 1979
Serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) were compared in 241 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). There was a positive linear correlation between the 2 measurements with a high degree of variability. Neither age nor duration of RA had a detectable influence. The relationship between CRP and ...
Ramsey J M - - 1979
Since increases of erythrocytic 2,3-diphosphoglycerate (2,3-DPG) have been shown to enhance the release of oxygen from hemoglobin, experiments were designed to evaluate the response of 2,3-DPG to two different work-loads in 13 fasted human subjects. No signficant mean change in 2.3-DPG was found following 16 min of strenuous exercise on ...
Charache S - - 1978
Blood from carriers of hemoglobin Osler (Hb Osler) had almost the same oxygen affinity as that of carriers of Hb McKees Rocks (Hb MR) (P50 10-11 mm Hg), but Hb concentrations were higher in male carriers of the former (21.6 versus 17.2 g/dl). Two carriers of each Hb were studied ...
D'Addamio G H - - 1978
Hematologic parameters were determined at capture and during captivity for nine-banded armadillos. Compared to the time of capture, the mean erythrocyte counts were significantly lower after 6 months in captivity. After 1 year in captivity, the mean hematocrit was significantly higher and the mean neutrophil count in males was significantly ...
McKinney R J - - 1978
The linearity and repeatability of measurements of total haemoglobin concentration ([Hb]) and oxygen saturation (So2) by the OSM2 oximeter have been studied. Standard deviations (SD) of measurements from linearity were as follows: [Hb], 4.2 g . litre-1; So2, 1.14 to 1.08% between zero and 100% saturation. Reproducibility by a single ...
Fishbein W N - - 1978
Five cases of a new disease presented with muscular weakness or cramping after exercise; three of the cases also had an elevated serum creatine phosphokinase. Muscle biopsies were histologically normal but lacked adenylate deaminase by stain and solution assay, while the erythrocyte isozyme was normal. A clinical diagnostic test has ...
Sztobryn M - - 1978
In 79 swimmers aged 13--15 years the concentration of 2,3-DPG was determined in the erythrocytes at rest and 1 minute after the end of 7 minutes of submaximal exercise on an arm ergometer. In the examined subjects no significant changes were found in 2,3-DPG concentration in the erythrocytes. A non-significant ...
Kraan W J - - 1978
Determination of the dog's splenic storage volume without surgical procedures requires measurement of both circulating and total red cell volumes. The estimation of circulating red cell volume by radioisotope techniques is impeded by the rapid uptake of tagged cells in the spleen. The circulating cell volume might be calculated from ...
Carney M W - - 1978
Serum folate and B12 estimations were carried out on 272 admissions to a psychiatric unit during 1972 and 1973. 21.3% had serum folate below 2 ng/ml and 26.1% serum B12 below 150 pg/ml. The organic psychosis patients had a significantly lower mean B12 than the others, and were over-represented among ...
Assoku R K - - 1978
The possibility that the extreme refractoriness of the chicken to injected endotoxin would permit the buildup of sufficient free endotoxin in the circulation to immunologically modify the erythrocytes in vivo and thereby cause them to be eliminated from the circulation was investigated. It was shown that a moderately severe immunohaemolytic ...
de Bruyn C H - - 1978
An unusual form of galactosemia is described in a 7-month-old boy, characterized by a late onset of the clinical symptoms. A high apparent residual activity of erythrocyte galactose-1-phosphate uridyl transferase (GT) was measured with the spectrophotometric UDP-Glucose consumption test(+/-25% of normal). The residual activity in erythrocyte lysates, determined when the ...
Dintenfass L - - 1977
Sixty-two male subjects, including patients with postmyocardial infarction, angina, other disorders, and normals, were studied by exercise testing on the bicycle ergometer, including exercise ECG, and by in vitro determination of blood viscosity, plasma viscosity, aggregation of red cells, and other factors. Significant correlations were found between the blood viscosity ...
Meltzer H L - - 1977
The lithium pump in human erythrocyte membranes, which is responsible for extrusion of lithium against a concentration gradient, has been found to be reversibly repressed during periods of lithium carbonate administration. The pump activity of patients prior to lithium therapy is not different from controls. The onset of repression may ...
Lykkeboe G - - 1977
Effects of training and exercise on blood respiratory properties were investigated in standard-bred race horses. Training caused an increase in the circulating O2 capacity at rest from 18.4 to 21.0 vol%, and in the O2 capacity during exercise from 24.9 to 30.3 vol%. An increase in the in vitro oxygen ...
Purcell Y - - 1976
A modified automated colorimetric micromethod for the determination of red cell 2,3-diphosphoglycerate (2,3-DPG) adapted from that of Grisolia et al (1969) is described. In the modified method, ethylenediaminetetra-acetic acid (EDTA) is not used and consequently concentrations of several reagents are changed. During the development of the method it was found ...
Maeda N - - 1976
Pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP), an allosteric effector for the oxygenation of haemoglobin, was incorporated readily into erythrocytes and disappeared from them by simple passive diffusion. The disappearance of PLP from the cells was accelerated by the generation of 2,3-DPG in a medium of inosine, pyruvate and phosphate. The oxygen dissociation curve ...
Patterson J W - - 1976
Rat lenses incubated in hypotonic medium adapted to the medium by first undergoing osmotic swelling and then returning after 1 to 2 days to their originial volume. Two processes--osmotic swelling and volume regulation--appear to be working simultaneously. The former is indicated by a decrease in the concentration of cell potassium ...
Böning D - - 1976
Red cell concentrations of hemoglobin (MCHC), H+, Na+, K+, Mg++, cl- were measured in femoral venous blood of six untrained (UT), six endurance trained (TR) and three semitrained (ST) subjects during graded increasing work (4, 8, 12, 18 and 24 mkp/s, 10-15 min on each step) on a bicycle ergometer. ...
Ramírez A - - 1976
Occasional complications and even death in subjects with sickle cell trait have been attributed to severe physical exertion. However, the extent to which sickling actually occurs during exercise has not been reported. This study examined the red blood cell morphological features immediately following near maximal upright graded bicycle exercise in ...
Denis P - - 1976
The authors showed that 2,3-DPG red cell concentration (2,3-DPG) WAS SIGNIFICANTLY HIGHER DURING THE LAST WEEK Of the menstrual cycle of five women (1.08+/-0.09 mol-,p;Hb-1) (M +/- 1 SE) THAN DURING THE First part and the last but one week of the cycle (0.86+/-0.04 mol-molHb-1, p less than 0.01). PACO2 ...
KuĊ„ski H - - 1976
Concentration of 2,3-DPG was determined in erythrocytes of 30 young cyclists at rest, immediately after a strenuous physical exercise on a bicyle- ergometer, and then in 30th min rest following the exercise. It was found that exercise changes the concentration of 2,3-DPG in the erythrocytes and the trends of these ...
Rapoprot I - - 1976
The time course of the rate of the glycolysis of human erythrocytes and of some metabolites were determined before and after rapid deoxygenation at constant intracellular pH. For this purpose stripped deoxygenated haemoglobin was used as a rapid oxygen acceptor. Deoxygenation causes an increase of the glycolytic rate by 26%. ...
Bonner H W - - 1975
15 untrained women were subjected to a walking treadmill test to determine the influence of maximal exercise upon synthesis of erythrocyte 2,3 DPG. Although there was a 9.8% increase in the 2,3 DPG content following exercise, there was a concomitant 9.4% increase in the hemoglobin level; therefore, when 2,3 DPG ...
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