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Results 351 - 400 of 461
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Fantozzi R - - 1987
The early diagnosis and evaluation of the biological consequences of alcohol abuse are reviewed in a population of 401 chronic alcoholics admitted to our Toxicological Unit from January 1973 to the end of December 1984; selected cases were treated with disulfiram implantation. The results of the study indicate that anemia ...
Celsing F - - 1987
Increasing the haemoglobin concentration ([Hb]) improves the oxygen transport capacity but it also increases the viscosity of the blood. The influence of changes in [Hb] and viscosity on submaximal exercise capacity and maximal aerobic power was investigated in eight healthy males in varying states of training and with a normal ...
Jensen F B - - 1987
Exercise-stress in tench resulted in severe acidosis in both the red cells and the extracellular fluid in vivo. These coincident pH decreases conformed to the in vitro pHi-pHe relationship for tench blood in the oxygenated state. The extracellular acidosis was primarily respiratory in winter and metabolic in spring and summer. ...
Wegner G - - 1987
The deformability changes of erythrocytes during 35 days of storage in different resuspension media were characterized by a filtration procedure. The filterability of erythrocytes stored in CDS-AG medium decreased drastically, whereas the filterability of erythrocytes stored in SAGM and SAGS medium decreased only slightly. The MCHC change of stored erythrocytes ...
Pawlak A L - - 1987
Effect of physical effort on haemoglobin-oxygen affinity was studied in whole blood of 28 healthy males. In persons showing decrease in pH gradient between plasma and erythrocytes after physical effort, a parallel decrease in apparent, normalized for intraerythrocytic pH (pHe), Hb-oxygen affinity was noted. An increase in pH gradient after ...
Slomiany B L - - 1986
The effect of lysolecithin and lecithin on gastric mucin viscosity, permeability to hydrogen ion, and degradation by pepsin was investigated. Preincubation with lysolecithin produced a marked decrease in the glycoprotein viscosity. This decrease was concentration-dependent and at 10 mM lysolecithin reached a value of 74%. A 25% increase in mucin ...
Kiel J L - - 1986
Red blood cells were collected from Landrace X Duroc pigs in pooled and single batches. The RBC were stored for 24 hours to 20 days and exposed to 1 or more chemical and physical stressors. The chemicals were pyruvate, lactate, inosine, concanavalin A-luminol-bovine serum albumin conjugate, hydrogen peroxide, L-mimosine, and ...
Nguyen Phu D - - 1986
The specific conductance (G) for O2 transfer by red blood cells (RBCs) of chicken and muscovy duck was measured using the experimental (stopped-flow) and analytical techniques (RBC model) previously applied to human RBC (Yamaguchi, Nguyen Phu, Scheid & Piiper, 1985). Avian RBCs behaved similarly to human RBCs: G values were ...
Hespel P - - 1986
The effect of exercise on the intraerythrocyte cationic concentrations and transmembrane fluxes such as the Na+-K+-adenosinetriphosphatase (ATPase) pump, the Na+-K+ cotransport, and the Na+-Li+ countertransport system was studied in 11 normal male volunteers. All subjects performed an uninterrupted incremental exercise test on a bicycle ergometer, starting at an initial work ...
Gordis E - - 1986
We applied the technique of isoelectric focusing (IEF) on immobilized pH gradients (LKB) to determine whether acetaldehyde-modified hemoglobins (Hb) prepared in vitro with unphysiological acetaldehyde concentrations have clinical relevance. This technique separates proteins with pl less than 0.01 and provides detail about hemoglobins not otherwise separable. We performed two kinds ...
Primmett D R - - 1986
Rainbow trout were subjected to burst swimming to exhaustion followed by 4 h aerobic swimming at 80% critical swimming velocity. Severe physiological disturbances, including a marked plasma acidosis caused by the burst swim, were corrected during the 4 h of subsequent aerobic exercise. Erythrocytic pH and arterial oxygen content increased, ...
Gilbert B R - - 1986
Indium-111 (In-111) leukocyte scintigraphy was performed in two patients with postsurgical pseudoaneurysms as part of preoperative evaluation for evidence of graft infection. Despite positive In-111 uptake by the pseudoaneurysms, surgical and pathologic examinations failed to reveal any evidence of infection. The most likely explanation for the false-positive results is the ...
Hsieh S S - - 1986
The present study examines the acute effects of two different exercise intensities on erythrocyte 2,3-diphosphoglycerate (2,3-DPG) concentration. Thirty-one females (X +/- SD age = 23.7 +/- 3.37 yr; VO2max = 44.3 +/- 5.40 ml X kg-1 X min-1) completed 2 separate 15-min constant load cycling tests at exercise intensities representing ...
Gimenez M - - 1986
The influence of work intensity and duration on the white blood cell (WBC), lymphocyte (L) and platelet (P) count response to exercise was studied in 16 trained subjects (22 +/- 5.4 years, means +/- SD). They performed three cyclo-ergospirometric protocols: A) 10 min at 150 W followed by a progressive ...
Uchida K - - 1986
A rebreathing method was developed to obtain the pulmonary diffusing capacity for CO, DL(CO) and the cardiac output, Q, simultaneously at rest and during exercise. From DL(CO) and Q, contact time of the red blood cell (RBC) through the lung capillary, tc, was estimated by referring to a reaction rate ...
Szweda-Lewandowska Z - - 1986
In this study destruction of human deoxyhemoglobin (deoxy-Hb) induced by the action of primary products of water radiolysis, mainly .OH, eaq-, H, and of secondary ethanol radicals was investigated. The extent of destruction was estimated on the basis of absorbance ratio A505/A563 after conversion of hemoglobin into methemoglobin (MetHb) and ...
Mairbäurl H - - 1986
Reports from the literature and our own data on red cell 2,3-DPG and its importance for unloading O2 from Hb to the tissues during exhaustive exercise are contradictory. We investigated red cell metabolism during incremental bicycle ergometry of various durations. Furthermore changes in blood composition occurring during exercise were simulated ...
Szyguła Z - - 1986
The aim of the present study was to determine the relation between the exercise load used in training and the changes in the basic parameters of the erythrocytic system. The experiments were carried out on 33 Wistar rats (females and males). The animals were forced to run at a velocity ...
Absolom D R - - 1985
The solidification front technique is employed to determine the surface tension of fixed erythrocytes of dog, horse, human, chicken, and turkey. The results range from 65.5 erg/cm2 for dog erythrocytes to 67.6 erg/cm2 for turkey erythrocytes. A detailed error analysis shows that the differences obtained are statistically significant. Since cellular ...
Trombe M C - - 1985
Entry of methotrexate (MTX) into the folate prototrophic bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae was poorly inhibited by folate or its natural derivative folinic acid, suggesting that if MTX is transported via a folate transporter, the affinity of that transporter for MTX is higher than for folate. In the range of concentrations tested, ...
Klig L S - - 1985
Phospholipid metabolism in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae opi1 mutant, which excretes inositol and is constitutive for the biosynthetic enzyme inositol-1-phosphate synthase (M. Greenberg, P. Goldwasser, and S. Henry, Mol. Gen. Genet. 186:157-163, 1982), was examined and compared to that of a wild-type strain. In wild-type S. cerevisiae, the phospholipid composition and ...
Nash G B - - 1985
The effects of variations in preparative procedures on the volume and content of resealed red cell ghosts have been investigated. Following hypotonic lysis at 0 degrees C, and after a variable delay time (td), concentrated buffer was added to restore isotonicity; resealing was then induced by incubation at 37 degrees ...
Ohno H - - 1985
Effects of cycle ergometer exercise (approximately 75% maximum ventilatory O2 consumption for 30 min) on the concentrations of zinc and related proteins in erythrocytes and/or plasma were studied on 11 sedentary male students. Lower concentrations of total zinc and of zinc derived from carbonic anhydrase I type (CA-I) in erythrocytes ...
Giger U - - 1985
Two male English springer spaniel dogs with a chronic hemolytic anemia and sporadic hemolytic crises, historically related to "stress" situations, were studied. Although canine erythrocytes are in general known to be more alkaline fragile, erythrocytes from both patients began to lyse earlier, at significantly lower pH values (near pH 7.4 ...
Parker J A - - 1985
The effect of increasing intensities of exercise on the water space and the red blood cell volume of the dog gracilis muscle was determined with 125I-labelled iodoantipyrine (n = 8) and 99mTc labelled red blood cells (n = 4). A sodium iodide scintillation probe attached to a two channel multiscaler ...
Kakoma I - - 1985
Complete and differential blood counts were conducted on 23 male squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) of Bolivian origin. The sample included 9 laboratory-bred and 14 wild-caught adult monkeys weighing between 600 and 1,500 g. The means of total white blood cell (WBC) counts, total hemoglobin and hematocrits of laboratory-bred animals were ...
Chadda K D - - 1985
To evaluate changes in magnesium levels with treadmill exercise-induced coronary insufficiency, 59 consecutive patients were studied. In addition to electrocardiographic monitoring, hematocrit, total protein, whole blood, serum and red blood cell magnesium determinations were made before and after exercise testing. Fifteen patients had positive exercise test, 18 did not complete, ...
Martin M - - 1985
The activity and basic kinetic constants of phytase were studied in chicken erythrocytes during animal development. The regulatory inhibition of phytase by IHP and 2,3-BPG takes place at key stages of the development. As in mammals, there is a specific control of the levels of organic phosphate involved in the ...
Magnani M - - 1984
Erythrocytes of individuals with increased (+ 50%) or reduced (-35%) hexokinase activity contain respectively 70 and 17 nmole/ml RBC of glucose-6-phosphate (normal concentration 30 +/- 5nmole/ml RBC) and show comparable rates of the HMP (60 +/- 5nmole/hr/ml RBC). Similarly, in RBC of different ages, obtained by density gradient ultracentrifugation, the ...
Alich A A - - 1984
Phenol red, long considered an acceptable volume marker in gastrointestinal experiments, has been tested in rat stomach damaged by exposure to aspirin. Significantly more phenol red was lost from stomachs damaged by aspirin than from control stomachs. Phenol red, therefore, should not be used as a volume marker in damaged ...
Cade R - - 1984
Increased concentration of red blood cell 2,3-diphosphoglycerate (RBC 2,3-DPG) shifts the hemoglobin-oxygen dissociation curve to the right, thus theoretically allowing better oxygenation of tissues. To determine whether such a shift is physiologically significant, we investigated the effects of oral phosphate loading on several parameters including plasma phosphate concentration, RBC 2,3-DPG, ...
Sehgal L R - - 1984
Polymerization of pyridoxylated stroma free hemoglobin (poly SFH-P) yields a solution with a normal hemoglobin concentration, normal colloid osmotic pressure (COP), and a suitable P50. In the present study we compared its in vivo O2-carrying capacity and intravascular persistence with those of pyridoxylated hemoglobin (SFH-P), following a partial exchange transfusion ...
Michel G - - 1984
Insulin binding of monocytes and erythrocytes was studied in untrained male volunteers after 15 min of exhaustive bicycle exercise (EE) and several days later after moderate exercise (ME) for 90 min. Insulin receptor affinity decreased after EE in monocytes (26.4% decrease; P less than 0.01) and in erythrocytes (10.4%; P ...
Lindeman P - - 1984
Tympanometry was evaluated as a measure of the volume of the air-containing space of the middle ear cleft as well as of tympanic membrane displacement in persons with intact tympanic membranes. Static compliance reduced with compliance of ear canal volume at -400 mm H2O, was determined with 0.22 kHz probe ...
Joreteg T - - 1984
Ten healthy subjects who had ingested 0.5 mg digoxin daily for at least 10 days, performed a 1-hour bicycle exercise test on two occasions, 24 h after the latest dose, with the same work load but at two different pedalling rates, 40 and 80 rpm. During exercise the mean digoxin ...
Tokuda S - - 1984
Changes in erythrocyte carbonic anhydrase (RBC-CA) activity due to physical exercise were investigated using a measuring apparatus based on the electrometric method. RBC-CA activities were slightly changed due to transient aerobic (20-min run) or anaerobic (200-m run) exercise in moderately trained subjects, but there were no fixed trends. In 3 ...
Green H J - - 1984
To investigate the role of high-intensity intermittent exercise on adaptations in blood volume and selected hematological measures, four male subjects aged 19-23 yr [peak O2 consumption (VO2max) = 53 ml X min-1 X kg-1] performed supramaximal (120% VO2max) cycle exercise on 3 consecutive days. Each exercise session consisted of intermittent ...
Segal R - - 1983
In the present investigation, the hemolytic properties of T-2 toxin were examined. Tests with different concentrations of T-2 toxin showed that essentially complete hemolysis of rat erythrocytes commenced after a lag period, the length of which depended on the concentration of toxin. Comparison of the characteristics of hemolysis caused by ...
Charache S - - 1983
Although sickle cells have increased intracellular viscosity, the viscosity of patient's blood is usually not increased, because of the low hematocrit typically found in such patients. When patients receive transfusions, their exercise capacity increases, but it is unclear whether the change is due primarily to increased hemoglobin concentration, or also ...
Werstiuk E S - - 1983
Combined treatment with haloperidol and lithium is a frequently employed strategy for the treatment of acute psychoses. Although this combination regime is safe in most clinical situations, under certain circumstances it has resulted in neurotoxicity, with organic brain syndrome, and ultimately, in some patients, irreversible brain damage and death. Plasma ...
White J C - - 1983
Computer modeling has been a valuable tool for clarifying the mechanism of action of antifolates. Some consequences of folyl and antifolyl polyglutamate synthesis can be addressed by adaptation of a network thermodynamic computer model of methotrexate action. Reversal or prevention of methotrexate cytotoxicity by 5-formyltetrahydrofolate has widely been assumed to ...
Butler W M - - 1982
Five members of a new family with hemoglobin Osler are described. Exercise studies were performed before and after phlebotomy in one patient. These studies demonstrated that anaerobic threshold was directly related to hematocrit. Our data suggest that the elevation of red cell mass seen with this high oxygen affinity hemoglobin ...
Fassett R G - - 1982
Midstream urine samples were examined by phase-contrast microscopy before and immediately after 48 subjects participated in a long-distance run. Minor abnormalities were found in six samples before exercise. Eighteen subjects developed proteinuria and five haematuria on dipstick testing after exercise. Forty-four subjects had increased urinary red-cell counts after exercise; of ...
Rotstein A - - 1982
The influence of a short, supramaximal task of 30 s duration on plasma volume (PV) was tested in 14 female physical education students. Hemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit (Hct), and osmolality (Osm) were tested pre- and post-exercise. Performance of the exercise test, consisting of 30 s all-out pedaling against a load of ...
Konstam M A - - 1982
We studied the effect of exercise on blood radiotracer concentration after technetium-99m in vivo red blood cell labeling. After red blood cell labeling, 13 subjects underwent maximal supine bicycle exercise. Radioactivity, analyzed with a well counter, was measured in heparinized venous blood samples drawn at rest and during peak exercise. ...
Tomasik M - - 1982
Glucose utilization by the erythrocytes, lactic acid concentration in the blood and erythrocytes, and haematocrit value were determined before exercise and during one hour rest following maximal exercise in 97 individuals of either sex differing in physical efficiency. In the investigations reported by the author individuals with strikingly high physical ...
Coombe D R - - 1982
Haemolymph was collected from colonies of Botrylloides leachii killed at various times after injection with sheep or chicken erythrocytes and the agglutination titre for sheep, chicken and guinea-pig erythrocytes was determined. Controls included haemolymph from groups of uninjected colonies and from others injected with balanced salt solution. Animals given a ...
Platt O S - - 1982
We describe a steady-state patient with sickle cell anemia (SS disease) who developed sporadic hemoglobinuria, historically related to vigorous exercise. We studied him and four other patients with SS disease and demonstrated exercise-induced hemoglobinemia. To see if SS erythrocytes were abnormally fragile when exposed to shear forces that could be ...
Vial H J - - 1982
The metabolism of phospholipids in synchronous Plasmodium falciparum-infected erythrocytes was studied over one cycle of 48 h by the incorporation of labeled palmitate, serine, choline, and myo-inositol into cellular lipids. The rates of incorporation of palmitate and serine into total phospholipids and of choline into phosphatidylcholine (PC) were linear with ...
Klein H G - - 1982
Eighteen subjects with sickle cell disease underwent automated partial red cell exchanges while hospitalized as part of a research protocol. Using either a discontinuous-flow or a continuous-flow cell separator, we were able to accomplish a 50% exchange in an adult in approximately two hours. Transfusion of blood with an antigenic ...
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