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Results 301 - 350 of 426
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Goretski J - - 1988
A spectrophotometric method has been developed that uses extracellular hemoglobin (Hb) to trap nitric oxide (NO) released during denitrification as nitrosyl hemoglobin (HbNO). The rate of complexation of NO with Hb is about at the diffusion controlled limit for protein molecules and the product, HbNO, is essentially stable. Hb was ...
Hespel P - - 1988
The intracellular concentrations and transmembrane fluxes of Na+ and K+ in erythrocytes, and plasma lipids were investigated in 30 middle-aged volunteers, before and after physical training. During the first 4 months of the study, half of the subjects (group A) were subjected to a training programme (3 h/week), while the ...
Schmidt W - - 1988
The effect of three weeks ergometer training (Tr) 5 times a week for 45 min at 70% VO2max by 6 subjects on erythrocyte turnover and haemoglobin O2 affinity has been studied. Increased reticulocytosis could be observed from the second day after beginning Tr until a few days after its end, ...
Aminoff D - - 1988
Red blood cells (rbcs) have a definite life-span in circulation, 120 days in humans (and 60 days in rat). This involves the turnover of the equivalent of 2 x 10(11) rbcs per day in a normal adult. Many time-dependent physical, chemical, as well as biochemical and immunologic changes are associated ...
Dobashi T - - 1988
We have measured the sedimentation curves of swine erythrocytes in a physiological saline solution in inclined glass tubes. The curves are well fitted to the exponential type equation l = a[1 - exp(-bt)] for the tilt angle theta in the range of theta less than 80 degrees and hematocrits from ...
Lachant N A - - 1987
Red blood cell (RBC) antioxidant defense was investigated in eight individuals with hemoglobin E (Six EE and two E-B(+) thalassemia) and compared to that in six individuals with thalassemia and ten normal subjects. Individuals with hemoglobin E had increased incubated Heinz body formation (68% +/- 18%; p less than 0.001) ...
Milligan C L - - 1987
In vitro, exogenous adrenaline reduced the Bohr and Root shifts caused by elevated PaCO2 and depressed plasma pH in rainbow trout blood, but not in starry flounder blood. In vivo immediately after exercise, plasma adrenaline (Ad) and noradrenaline (NAd) increased about 12-fold in rainbow trout. Associated with this catecholamine mobilization ...
Muza S R - - 1987
We measured the physical exercise capabilities of U.S. Army Special Forces soldiers (male) and determined the subsequent ergogenic influence of autologous blood reinfusion. Twelve subjects (Ss) completed maximal exercise treadmill testing in a comfortable (Ta = 20 degrees C, Tdp = 9 degrees C) environment. Six Ss were later transfused ...
Giger U - - 1987
Seven English Springer Spaniels (6 adult males and 1 female) with chronic hemolysis and sporadic intravascular hemolytic crises were determined to have a deficiency in erythrocyte phosphofructokinase (PFK) activity, a key regulatory enzyme of anaerobic glycolysis. Intermittent severe pigmenturia concomitant with weakness, lethargy, and anorexia were the major clinical signs ...
Jacobson D M - - 1987
We separated 24 patients with biopsy-proved giant cell arteritis into three groups based on erythrocyte sedimentation rates (ESRs) at clinical presentation: low, 1 to 40 mm/h; high, 41 to 80 mm/h; and very high, greater than 80 mm/h. The presence of anemia in the very high ESR group compared with ...
Rand J S - - 1987
An exercise-induced malignant hyperthermia-like syndrome developed in an English Springer Spaniel. Moderate exercise resulted in pronounced hyperlactacidemia, dyspnea, and hyperthermia. Before exercise, the dog had high activities of serum muscle enzymes, mild reticulocytosis, abnormally increased erythrocyte osmotic fragility, and a positive result from the caffeine-halothane contracture test. This report supports ...
Stäubli M - - 1987
125I albumin was used to assess the amount of trapped fluid after microhematocrit centrifugation of erythrocytes suspended in buffers of different osmolality. Surprisingly the total amount of trapped fluid per volume unit of packed erythrocytes decreased with decreasing osmolality of the suspending buffer despite erythrocyte swelling. However, if the contribution ...
Sawka M N - - 1987
Induced erythrocythemia is associated with a variable increase in maximal oxygen uptake. To examine the roles of the magnitude of change in hemoglobin concentration and the individual's initial aerobic fitness in this effect, we combined individual data from our own research and three other studies. In each study freeze-preserved erythrocytes ...
Gimenez M - - 1987
The influence of exercise on hormonal and total white blood cells (WBC), lymphocytes (L). Granulocytes (GR), and platelet (P) count responses was studied in: twenty-five patients with chronic airway obstruction (CAO, 47 +/- 1.8 years, mean +/- SEM) and thirteen normal subjects (N, 36 +/- 2.6 years). They performed a ...
Deuster P A - - 1987
This study was conducted to determine whether short-term, high-intensity anaerobic exercise alters Mg homeostasis. Thirteen men performed intermittent bouts of treadmill running at 90% of their predetermined maximum O2 uptake until exhaustion on one occasion during a week in which all men were consuming a standard diet (115 mg Mg/1,000 ...
Fantozzi R - - 1987
The early diagnosis and evaluation of the biological consequences of alcohol abuse are reviewed in a population of 401 chronic alcoholics admitted to our Toxicological Unit from January 1973 to the end of December 1984; selected cases were treated with disulfiram implantation. The results of the study indicate that anemia ...
Celsing F - - 1987
Increasing the haemoglobin concentration ([Hb]) improves the oxygen transport capacity but it also increases the viscosity of the blood. The influence of changes in [Hb] and viscosity on submaximal exercise capacity and maximal aerobic power was investigated in eight healthy males in varying states of training and with a normal ...
Jensen F B - - 1987
Exercise-stress in tench resulted in severe acidosis in both the red cells and the extracellular fluid in vivo. These coincident pH decreases conformed to the in vitro pHi-pHe relationship for tench blood in the oxygenated state. The extracellular acidosis was primarily respiratory in winter and metabolic in spring and summer. ...
Wegner G - - 1987
The deformability changes of erythrocytes during 35 days of storage in different resuspension media were characterized by a filtration procedure. The filterability of erythrocytes stored in CDS-AG medium decreased drastically, whereas the filterability of erythrocytes stored in SAGM and SAGS medium decreased only slightly. The MCHC change of stored erythrocytes ...
Pawlak A L - - 1987
Effect of physical effort on haemoglobin-oxygen affinity was studied in whole blood of 28 healthy males. In persons showing decrease in pH gradient between plasma and erythrocytes after physical effort, a parallel decrease in apparent, normalized for intraerythrocytic pH (pHe), Hb-oxygen affinity was noted. An increase in pH gradient after ...
Slomiany B L - - 1986
The effect of lysolecithin and lecithin on gastric mucin viscosity, permeability to hydrogen ion, and degradation by pepsin was investigated. Preincubation with lysolecithin produced a marked decrease in the glycoprotein viscosity. This decrease was concentration-dependent and at 10 mM lysolecithin reached a value of 74%. A 25% increase in mucin ...
Kiel J L - - 1986
Red blood cells were collected from Landrace X Duroc pigs in pooled and single batches. The RBC were stored for 24 hours to 20 days and exposed to 1 or more chemical and physical stressors. The chemicals were pyruvate, lactate, inosine, concanavalin A-luminol-bovine serum albumin conjugate, hydrogen peroxide, L-mimosine, and ...
Nguyen Phu D - - 1986
The specific conductance (G) for O2 transfer by red blood cells (RBCs) of chicken and muscovy duck was measured using the experimental (stopped-flow) and analytical techniques (RBC model) previously applied to human RBC (Yamaguchi, Nguyen Phu, Scheid & Piiper, 1985). Avian RBCs behaved similarly to human RBCs: G values were ...
Hespel P - - 1986
The effect of exercise on the intraerythrocyte cationic concentrations and transmembrane fluxes such as the Na+-K+-adenosinetriphosphatase (ATPase) pump, the Na+-K+ cotransport, and the Na+-Li+ countertransport system was studied in 11 normal male volunteers. All subjects performed an uninterrupted incremental exercise test on a bicycle ergometer, starting at an initial work ...
Gordis E - - 1986
We applied the technique of isoelectric focusing (IEF) on immobilized pH gradients (LKB) to determine whether acetaldehyde-modified hemoglobins (Hb) prepared in vitro with unphysiological acetaldehyde concentrations have clinical relevance. This technique separates proteins with pl less than 0.01 and provides detail about hemoglobins not otherwise separable. We performed two kinds ...
Primmett D R - - 1986
Rainbow trout were subjected to burst swimming to exhaustion followed by 4 h aerobic swimming at 80% critical swimming velocity. Severe physiological disturbances, including a marked plasma acidosis caused by the burst swim, were corrected during the 4 h of subsequent aerobic exercise. Erythrocytic pH and arterial oxygen content increased, ...
Gilbert B R - - 1986
Indium-111 (In-111) leukocyte scintigraphy was performed in two patients with postsurgical pseudoaneurysms as part of preoperative evaluation for evidence of graft infection. Despite positive In-111 uptake by the pseudoaneurysms, surgical and pathologic examinations failed to reveal any evidence of infection. The most likely explanation for the false-positive results is the ...
Hsieh S S - - 1986
The present study examines the acute effects of two different exercise intensities on erythrocyte 2,3-diphosphoglycerate (2,3-DPG) concentration. Thirty-one females (X +/- SD age = 23.7 +/- 3.37 yr; VO2max = 44.3 +/- 5.40 ml X kg-1 X min-1) completed 2 separate 15-min constant load cycling tests at exercise intensities representing ...
Gimenez M - - 1986
The influence of work intensity and duration on the white blood cell (WBC), lymphocyte (L) and platelet (P) count response to exercise was studied in 16 trained subjects (22 +/- 5.4 years, means +/- SD). They performed three cyclo-ergospirometric protocols: A) 10 min at 150 W followed by a progressive ...
Uchida K - - 1986
A rebreathing method was developed to obtain the pulmonary diffusing capacity for CO, DL(CO) and the cardiac output, Q, simultaneously at rest and during exercise. From DL(CO) and Q, contact time of the red blood cell (RBC) through the lung capillary, tc, was estimated by referring to a reaction rate ...
Szweda-Lewandowska Z - - 1986
In this study destruction of human deoxyhemoglobin (deoxy-Hb) induced by the action of primary products of water radiolysis, mainly .OH, eaq-, H, and of secondary ethanol radicals was investigated. The extent of destruction was estimated on the basis of absorbance ratio A505/A563 after conversion of hemoglobin into methemoglobin (MetHb) and ...
Mairbäurl H - - 1986
Reports from the literature and our own data on red cell 2,3-DPG and its importance for unloading O2 from Hb to the tissues during exhaustive exercise are contradictory. We investigated red cell metabolism during incremental bicycle ergometry of various durations. Furthermore changes in blood composition occurring during exercise were simulated ...
Szyguła Z - - 1986
The aim of the present study was to determine the relation between the exercise load used in training and the changes in the basic parameters of the erythrocytic system. The experiments were carried out on 33 Wistar rats (females and males). The animals were forced to run at a velocity ...
Absolom D R - - 1985
The solidification front technique is employed to determine the surface tension of fixed erythrocytes of dog, horse, human, chicken, and turkey. The results range from 65.5 erg/cm2 for dog erythrocytes to 67.6 erg/cm2 for turkey erythrocytes. A detailed error analysis shows that the differences obtained are statistically significant. Since cellular ...
Trombe M C - - 1985
Entry of methotrexate (MTX) into the folate prototrophic bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae was poorly inhibited by folate or its natural derivative folinic acid, suggesting that if MTX is transported via a folate transporter, the affinity of that transporter for MTX is higher than for folate. In the range of concentrations tested, ...
Klig L S - - 1985
Phospholipid metabolism in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae opi1 mutant, which excretes inositol and is constitutive for the biosynthetic enzyme inositol-1-phosphate synthase (M. Greenberg, P. Goldwasser, and S. Henry, Mol. Gen. Genet. 186:157-163, 1982), was examined and compared to that of a wild-type strain. In wild-type S. cerevisiae, the phospholipid composition and ...
Nash G B - - 1985
The effects of variations in preparative procedures on the volume and content of resealed red cell ghosts have been investigated. Following hypotonic lysis at 0 degrees C, and after a variable delay time (td), concentrated buffer was added to restore isotonicity; resealing was then induced by incubation at 37 degrees ...
Ohno H - - 1985
Effects of cycle ergometer exercise (approximately 75% maximum ventilatory O2 consumption for 30 min) on the concentrations of zinc and related proteins in erythrocytes and/or plasma were studied on 11 sedentary male students. Lower concentrations of total zinc and of zinc derived from carbonic anhydrase I type (CA-I) in erythrocytes ...
Giger U - - 1985
Two male English springer spaniel dogs with a chronic hemolytic anemia and sporadic hemolytic crises, historically related to "stress" situations, were studied. Although canine erythrocytes are in general known to be more alkaline fragile, erythrocytes from both patients began to lyse earlier, at significantly lower pH values (near pH 7.4 ...
Parker J A - - 1985
The effect of increasing intensities of exercise on the water space and the red blood cell volume of the dog gracilis muscle was determined with 125I-labelled iodoantipyrine (n = 8) and 99mTc labelled red blood cells (n = 4). A sodium iodide scintillation probe attached to a two channel multiscaler ...
Kakoma I - - 1985
Complete and differential blood counts were conducted on 23 male squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) of Bolivian origin. The sample included 9 laboratory-bred and 14 wild-caught adult monkeys weighing between 600 and 1,500 g. The means of total white blood cell (WBC) counts, total hemoglobin and hematocrits of laboratory-bred animals were ...
Chadda K D - - 1985
To evaluate changes in magnesium levels with treadmill exercise-induced coronary insufficiency, 59 consecutive patients were studied. In addition to electrocardiographic monitoring, hematocrit, total protein, whole blood, serum and red blood cell magnesium determinations were made before and after exercise testing. Fifteen patients had positive exercise test, 18 did not complete, ...
Martin M - - 1985
The activity and basic kinetic constants of phytase were studied in chicken erythrocytes during animal development. The regulatory inhibition of phytase by IHP and 2,3-BPG takes place at key stages of the development. As in mammals, there is a specific control of the levels of organic phosphate involved in the ...
Magnani M - - 1984
Erythrocytes of individuals with increased (+ 50%) or reduced (-35%) hexokinase activity contain respectively 70 and 17 nmole/ml RBC of glucose-6-phosphate (normal concentration 30 +/- 5nmole/ml RBC) and show comparable rates of the HMP (60 +/- 5nmole/hr/ml RBC). Similarly, in RBC of different ages, obtained by density gradient ultracentrifugation, the ...
Alich A A - - 1984
Phenol red, long considered an acceptable volume marker in gastrointestinal experiments, has been tested in rat stomach damaged by exposure to aspirin. Significantly more phenol red was lost from stomachs damaged by aspirin than from control stomachs. Phenol red, therefore, should not be used as a volume marker in damaged ...
Cade R - - 1984
Increased concentration of red blood cell 2,3-diphosphoglycerate (RBC 2,3-DPG) shifts the hemoglobin-oxygen dissociation curve to the right, thus theoretically allowing better oxygenation of tissues. To determine whether such a shift is physiologically significant, we investigated the effects of oral phosphate loading on several parameters including plasma phosphate concentration, RBC 2,3-DPG, ...
Sehgal L R - - 1984
Polymerization of pyridoxylated stroma free hemoglobin (poly SFH-P) yields a solution with a normal hemoglobin concentration, normal colloid osmotic pressure (COP), and a suitable P50. In the present study we compared its in vivo O2-carrying capacity and intravascular persistence with those of pyridoxylated hemoglobin (SFH-P), following a partial exchange transfusion ...
Michel G - - 1984
Insulin binding of monocytes and erythrocytes was studied in untrained male volunteers after 15 min of exhaustive bicycle exercise (EE) and several days later after moderate exercise (ME) for 90 min. Insulin receptor affinity decreased after EE in monocytes (26.4% decrease; P less than 0.01) and in erythrocytes (10.4%; P ...
Lindeman P - - 1984
Tympanometry was evaluated as a measure of the volume of the air-containing space of the middle ear cleft as well as of tympanic membrane displacement in persons with intact tympanic membranes. Static compliance reduced with compliance of ear canal volume at -400 mm H2O, was determined with 0.22 kHz probe ...
Joreteg T - - 1984
Ten healthy subjects who had ingested 0.5 mg digoxin daily for at least 10 days, performed a 1-hour bicycle exercise test on two occasions, 24 h after the latest dose, with the same work load but at two different pedalling rates, 40 and 80 rpm. During exercise the mean digoxin ...
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