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Results 251 - 300 of 461
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Querengaesser A - - 1994
Six male and six female Alaskan Huskies allocated three by three to two teams fed rations slightly different in protein/fat ratio (A, 29.2: 53.7%; B, 34.1: 48.5% of digestible energy) were studied for hematological and metabolic changes during a complete training and racing season (24 wk). Blood variables [packed cell ...
Yamamoto T - - 1994
The effect of muscular exercise by bicycle ergometer on erythrocyte purine nucleotides was investigated in 6 athletes. Muscular exercise increased the concentration of inosine monophosphate from 5.9 +/- 1.1 to 7.3 +/- 1.3 nmol/ml in venous erythrocytes and from 5.7 +/- 1.0 to 6.8 +/- 1.4 nmol/ml in arterial erythrocytes, ...
Anderson B B - - 1994
There is a high prevalence of a familial flavin-deficient red blood cell in Ferrara province in the Po delta in northern Italy, believed to have been selected for by malaria which was endemic from the 12th century. In the present study, activities of FAD-dependent red-cell glutathione reductase (EGR) in the ...
Petrikovics I - - 1994
A series of organic thiosulfonates were synthesized and studied as sulfur donor substrates for rhodanese encapsulated within murine carrier erythrocytes. Previous studies have indicated that resealed erythrocytes containing rhodanese (CRBC) and sodium thiosulfate can rapidly metabolize cyanide to the less toxic thiocyanate. This thiosulfate-rhodanese system was very efficacious as a ...
Engler H D - - 1994
An increase in shell vial centrifugation force to 3,500 x g and a concomitant reduction in spin time to 15 min did not decrease the sensitivity of detecting viruses in clinical specimens compared with the accepted practice of using 700 x g for 40 min. No damage to the cell ...
Geor R J - - 1994
Hemorheologic alterations induced by incremental treadmill exercise were examined in 5 Thoroughbreds. Blood viscosity; PCV; RBC filterability, density gradient profile, and shape; serum and RBC electrolyte concentrations; and plasma total solids and lactate concentrations were measured before exercise, at treadmill speeds of 9 and 13 m/s, and 10 minutes after ...
Marschner J P - - 1994
Studies under equilibrium conditions have shown that the oxygen affinity of hemoglobin (Hb) is lowered by 2,3-diphosphoglycerate (2,3-DPG), the physiological allosteric effector in erythrocytes, and enhanced by glycosylation of Hb. The kinetics of oxygen release, as a function of 2,3-DPG and the degree of glycosylation have been determined using the ...
Bourquin L D - - 1994
Four steers (502 +/- 49 kg) with ruminal, duodenal, and ileal cannulas were used in a 4 x 4 Latin square experimental design with a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement of treatments to determine the effects of dietary forage:concentrate ratio (96:4 [96F] and 60:40 [60F]) and forage particle size (long ...
Weiss D J - - 1994
Effects of echinocytosis on blood rheology and exercise performance were evaluated for 5 Thoroughbreds. Echinocytosis was induced by administration of furosemide (1 mg/kg of body weight, IM, q 12 h) for 4 days. Furosemide treatment resulted in decreases in serum sodium and serum chloride concentrations and in RBC chloride and ...
Melkko J - - 1994
This study was undertaken to determine the fate of circulating NH2-terminal propeptide of type I procollagen (PINP) in rats. Radiolabeled PINP showed a biphasic serum decay curve after intravenous injection. 79% of the material disappeared from the blood during the initial alpha-phase (t1/2 alpha = 0.6 min), while the remaining ...
Resina A - - 1994
Physical exercise appears to affect both blood magnesium status and erythrocyte 2,3-diphosphoglycerate (2,3-DPG) concentration. Concentrations of erythrocyte and plasma magnesium (ErMg and PlMg) and erythrocyte 2,3-DPG were measured three times over a period of 2 months in a group of 11 athletes who were training for a marathon. The concentration ...
Raclavský V - - 1994
In Basidiobolus ranarum an artificial cell dimorphism was found if cultivated in presence of Rylux BSU previously. We have found an increase of glucosamine content in purified cell walls of Basidiobolus ranarum grown in presence of Rylux BSU in SGA. The relative increase in glucosamine content did correspond with the ...
Holman W L - - 1994
The development of novel perfluorocarbon emulsions that contain higher concentrations of perfluorochemicals than previous emulsions has renewed interest in the use of this class of erythrocyte substitute in cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Perfluorocarbons have the potential to increase the oxygen content of the perfusate and thus increase the capacity of the ...
Rudolph A S - - 1994
The promise of encapsulation systems for the sequestration of hemoglobin has been the long-held belief that encapsulation more closely mimics nature's strategy for circulating hemoglobin, and could alleviate hemoglobin based toxicities and increase circulation persistence. Various polymers have been proposed to deliver hemoglobin. One approach toward the encapsulation of hemoglobin ...
Tamaki T - - 1994
The quantitative analysis of haemoglobin oxygenation of contracting human muscle during weight-lifting exercise was studied noninvasively and directly using near-infrared spectroscopy. This method was developed as a three-wavelength method which confirmed the volume changes in oxygenated haemoglobin (oxy-Hb), deoxygenated haemoglobin (deoxy-Hb) and blood volume (total-Hb; Oxy-Hb+deoxy-Hb). Nine healthy adult men ...
Stenstr?m C H - - 1994
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate the 4-year progression of radiologically observed joint destruction and its relationship with demographic factors, disease severity, and exercise frequency in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. SUBJECTS: The subjects were 69 patients (56 women, 13 men; mean age = 54 years; ...
Dube S N - - 1993
This study reports the modulatory effects of physostigmine (Phy) and concurrent acute exercise on the time course of cholinesterase (ChE) activity, the rate of decarbamylation (Kd), and half-time of recovery of ChE in red blood cells (RBC) and various tissues of rats. Acute exercise equivalent to 80% VO2-max (maximal oxygen ...
Cordova A - - 1993
This study evaluates the consequences of a session of intensive short-duration exercise and Zn supplementation on different hematological variables. Forty male Wistar rats were divided into four groups (n = 10): the first nonsupplemented, maintained at rest (R); the second nonsupplemented, undergoing exercise (E); the third supplemented with Zn, kept ...
Landgraf H - - 1993
OBJECTIVES: Severe renal anaemia can now be effectively treated with recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEpo). To evaluate muscle tissue oxygenation in patients with severe renal anaemia and the effects of an rhEpo treatment, muscle tissue oxygen tensions were measured in 9 patients suffering from end stage renal disease with severe renal ...
Bircan I - - 1993
A screening program was conducted to ascertain the incidence of hemoglobinopathies in the district of Antalya, Turkey. The survey sample was selected from the household registration forms of health centers by systematic random sampling. Heparinized blood samples were collected from 1,616 subjects from 884 families. The prevalence of beta thalassemia ...
Lipowsky H H - - 1993
Indicator dilution techniques were applied to measure mean transit time of fluorescently labeled red blood cells (RBCs) (TTRBC) and plasma (TTpl) between functionally paired arterioles and venules (A-V) in cremaster muscle (rat) for normal RBCs and cells hardened by in vitro incubation in graded concentrations of glutaraldehyde. Dispersion of a ...
Bauernschmitt H G - - 1993
In isolated inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD) cells the adaptation to changes in extracellular osmolarity involves alterations in intracellular content of organic osmolytes such as glycerophosphorylcholine (GPC), sorbitol and others. To elucidate the basis of such alterations, the metabolism of GPC in IMCD cells was investigated with the labeled GPC ...
Laub M - - 1993
The spleen may release pooled erythrocytes to the general circulation during strenuous conditions such as heavy exercise. Most of our knowledge of this reservoir function of the spleen derives from animal studies, and the splenic contribution to the circulating blood volume in humans has been regarded as unimportant. We recorded ...
Das S K - - 1993
Sickle cell trait subjects are potentially at risk with microvascular complications frequently associated with high altitude and extreme exertion. Studies conducted in our laboratory suggest that exposure of sickle cell trait subjects to treadmill exercise resulted in an increase not only in the susceptibility of red blood cells to oxidation ...
Chaim-Matyas A - - 1993
Cytotoxin P4 isolated from the venom of the cobra Naja nigricollis nigricollis was encapsulated in liposomes by the reverse-phase evaporation method using phosphatidylcholine, cholesterol and phosphatidylethanolamine at molar ratios of 3:1:1. Cytotoxicity examination on murine melanoma B16F10 revealed that the activity of the entrapped cytotoxin did not change significantly and ...
Zachée P - - 1993
The oxidative injury to erythrocytes, red blood cell (RBC) rigidity and splenic hemolysis was assayed in 17 chronically hemodialyzed patients before and during recombinant erythropoietin (EPO) treatment. When a stable hematocrit between 30 and 35% had been established for at least 4 months, a statistically significant increase in RBC volume, ...
Lands L C - - 1993
Controversy exists over whether defects in electrolyte transport exist in erythrocytes from cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. We hypothesized that differences in ion regulation in CF would affect skeletal muscle performance during intense exercise. Seven well-nourished CF patients were compared with seven healthy age-matched control subjects. Skeletal muscle performance was assessed ...
McKelvie R S - - 1992
Ion concentration changes in whole blood, plasma, and erythrocytes across inactive muscle were examined in eight healthy males performing four 30-s bouts of maximal isokinetic cycling with 4 min rest between each bout. Blood was sampled from the arm brachial artery and deep antecubital vein during the intermittent exercise period ...
Shanmugasundaram K R - - 1992
Red cell membranes were isolated from blood samples obtained from athletes during exhaustive exercise on a bicycle ergometer and during the subsequent recovery period of 60 min. Plasma lactate levels were also determined. During exercise, cell membranes were progressively depleted of cholesterol and, at exhaustion, membrane cholesterol was less than ...
Koz M - - 1992
Acute exercise may induce free-radical production in mitochondria during basal metabolism of aerobic cells. Ascorbic acid is a strong antioxidant agent, whereas myoglobin is known to act as an oxygen reservoir. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of acute exercise on malondialdehyde levels in gastrocnemius, vastus ...
Chilson O P - - 1992
1. Relative to rabbit erythrocytes, chicken red blood cells exhibit a much greater capacity to utilize [3H]adenine for nucleotide synthesis in vitro, even at 5 degrees C and in the absence of added inorganic phosphate. 2. This difference is largely due to a higher concentration of phosphoribosylpyrophosphate and greater activity ...
Cordova A - - 1992
The aim of this paper was investigate the effects of high-intensity exercise on plasmatic and erythrocytic Mg levels in men. Twelve normal male volunteers participated in this study. The tests were performed on a cycle-ergometer (Monark). The exercise programs consisted of: 1) triangular progressive test (TPT); 2) interval endurance test ...
McClay C B - - 1992
Hematologic and rheologic changes were examined in 49 Thoroughbreds before and after competitive racing. Mean postrace values for RBC count, hemoglobin concentration, and PCV increased by 58 to 61%, whereas blood viscosity increased 2 to 3 times. Postrace echinocyte numbers were 162% greater than prerace values. Smaller, but statistically significant, ...
Allsop P - - 1992
1. After a 4 min period of maximal exercise in 10 normal subjects (14 studies), there was a consistent decrease in total blood volume and a consistent increase in erythrocyte indices, which were maximal immediately after exercise. Peripheral platelet and leucocyte counts increased, but did not reach maximal values until ...
Cordova Martinez A - - 1992
Twelve, healthy male university student volunteers, between the ages of 20 and 23, were studied. All subjects were considered normal after cardiopulmonary and electrocardiographic examination. The maximal aerobic capacity (Vo2 max) of each subject was determined. The exercise programmes were performed on a mechanically braked Monark cycle ergometer. The subjects ...
Somani S M - - 1992
Whether the pharmacodynamics of physostigmine (Phy) [rate of decarbamylation of cholinesterase (ChE) enzyme] (Kd) is altered due to acute and/or trained exercise in brain and various tissues of rat has been addressed. Acute exercise (AE) + Phy increased, whereas endurance training (ET) + Phy decreased ChE activity in brain, red ...
Takechi M - - 1992
Hemolytic activities of 3 steroid saponins reached plateaus within 5 min, whereas those of 4 triterpenoid saponins did not within 60 min. Erythrocytes pretreated with a low concentration of tigogenin were resistant to hemolysis of some of these saponins, but those pretreated with hecogenin or tomatidine were as sensitive as ...
Nielsen O B - - 1992
Trout were exposed to hypercapnia, two levels of aerobic exercise, or three successive periods of supramaximal exercise to evaluate the effects on erythrocyte and plasma K+. During aerobic exercise, plasma K+ increased slightly with the intensity of work, while no change was found in the erythrocyte K+ content. In contrast, ...
Wu Y - - 1992
Rabbit erythrocyte ghosts were fused by means of electric pulses to determine the electrofusion thresholds for these membranes. Two protocols were used to investigate fusion events: contact-first, and pulse-first. Electrical capacitance discharge (CD) pulses were used to induce fusion. Plots of fusion yield vs peak field strength yielded curves that ...
Thomsen B S - - 1992
The effect of heavy short-term physical exercise on the levels of complement receptor type one (CR1, CD35) on erythrocytes, the concentrations of circulating immune complexes (IC), and the complement C3 split products C3c and C3d were examined in young healthy males. Fourteen untrained volunteers underwent a 60-min bicycle exercise test ...
Hardy R E - - 1992
The association between sickle cell trait (SCT) and adverse effects of exercise has been controversial. While individuals with SCT are at higher risk of sudden death, the mechanism for this outcome remains to be elucidated. In order to shed light on this controversy, we have monitored venous blood count and ...
Matsuki N - - 1991
To understand the pathogenesis of equine exercise-induced myopathies and hemolysis, changes of phospholipid peroxidation products in the equine middle gluteal muscle and erythrocytes following the high-speed treadmill exercise were studied. In the skeletal muscle, the peroxidized phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) were increased at 24 hours after the exercise. The malondialdehydes (MDAs) were ...
Drag M D - - 1991
Hematologic reference values were determined for a captive population of 11 Mexican wolves (Canis lupus baileyi). Wolf pups from 4 to 24 weeks old had progressive age-related increases in PCV, hemoglobin concentration, mean cell volume, and RBC counts similar to those seen in domestic dog pups (C familiaris). Hematologic indices ...
Tufts B L - - 1991
Exhaustive exercise in cannulated sea lampreys, Petromyzon marinus, resulted in a marked extracellular acidosis in the arterial blood which had both a respiratory and a metabolic component. Blood CO2 tension (PCO2) returned to control levels within an hour after exercise, but the metabolic acidosis had a somewhat longer time course ...
Weight L M - - 1991
1. Exercise-induced haemolysis has been implicated in the sub-optimal iron status of endurance-trained athletes. Accordingly, erythrocyte survival studies using 51Cr were performed on male and female distance runners (n = 20) and sedentary control subjects (n = 10) in order to determine whether the rate of erythrocyte destruction was altered ...
McKelvie R S - - 1991
Five healthy males performed four 30-s bouts of maximal isokinetic cycling with 4 min rest between each bout. Arterial and femoral venous blood was sampled during and for 90 min following exercise. During exercise, arterial erythrocyte [K+] increased from 117.0 +/- 6.6 mequiv./L at rest to 124.2 +/- 5.9 mequiv./L ...
Kallner A - - 1991
The temporal development of the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) was studied in wide, short vacuum tubes. It was found that in about 3% of the specimens arriving in the laboratory the ESR developed in three different phases during 60 min, whereas the other showed only two. The specimens with three ...
Laires M J - - 1991
Erythrocyte, plasma and urinary magnesium were observed in a group of 8 well-trained swimmers and in a group of 10 untrained subjects before, 2 minutes after and 30 minutes after a swimming test. After effort, plasma Mg (pMg) decreased significantly in both groups. Erythrocyte and urinary Mg variations were not ...
Freestone J F - - 1991
Nine Thoroughbred horses were assessed to determine the normal response of insulin, glucose, cortisol, plasma potassium (K) and erythrocyte K through conditioning and to exercise over 400 and 1,000 m. In addition, adrenaline, noradrenaline, cortisol, plasma K, erythrocyte K and L-lactate concentrations were evaluated in response to maximal exercise with ...
Green H J - - 1991
To clarify the role of progressive heavy training on vascular volumes and hematologic status, seven untrained males [maximal O2 uptake (VO2max) = 45.1 +/- 1.1 (SE) ml.kg-1.min-1] cycled 2 h/day at an estimated 62% of VO2max. Training was conducted five to six times per week for approximately 8 wk. During ...
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