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Results 201 - 250 of 450
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Heekeren H R - - 1997
Using near-infrared spectroscopy, we investigated the time-course of the concentrations of oxygenated haemoglobin, [oxy-Hb], and deoxygenated haemoglobin [deoxy-Hb], in the occipital cortex of healthy human adults during standard sustained visual stimulation. Within a few seconds after stimulation (by coloured dodecahedron), we observed a decrease in [deoxy-Hb], peaking after 13 s ...
Graff R D - - 1997
The effects of methylmercury (MeHg) on microtubules (MTs) in differentiating neurons derived from retinoic acid-induced embryonal carcinoma (EC) cells in culture were examined by immunofluorescence microscopy. Undifferentiated EC cells contained mostly kinetically labile tyrosinated (TYR) MTs which extended from the centrosome and a small population of stable acetylated (ACT) MTs ...
Yu A W - - 1997
Splanchnic and splenic erythrocyte volumes decrease during postural changes and exercise to help maintain central blood volume and cardiac output. The contribution of this compensatory mechanism to hemodynamic stability during dialysis has not been studied, however. In 8 ESRD patients, age 51.0 +/- 4.5 years old, we measured changes in ...
Waterman-Storer C M - - 1997
Although it is generally believed that microtubules have minus ends bound to the centrosome and free plus ends that exhibit dynamic instability, recent observations show that the minus ends can be free and that modulation of dynamic instability at both ends can result in treadmilling and flux in interphase cells.
Kitagawa Y - - 1997
The present studies were designed to test the hypothesis that mechanical deformation of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) leads to functional changes that might influence their transit in the pulmonary capillaries. Human leukocytes were passed through 5- or 3-micron-pore polycarbonate filters under controlled conditions. Morphometric analysis showed that the majority of PMN ...
Saghir A N - - 1997
Erythrocyte measures of copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (CuZnSOD) were performed on 11 subjects with a clinical diagnosis of Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS) and 6 healthy controls at specified intervals throughout the day. There were no significant differences between GTS subjects and controls but in both subjects and controls there ...
Gannon B J - - 1997
This study investigated variations in microvascular perfusion of human endometrium across the menstrual cycle, using a laser Doppler technique to assess red blood cell (RBC) flux. Endometrial RBC flux was monitored by laser Doppler fluxmetry via a fibre optic probe inserted transvaginally into the uteri of 19 conscious normal volunteer ...
Khaled S - - 1997
We aimed at investigating relationships between zinc status, blood rheology and blood glucose during exercise. Twenty-one professional football players underwent a triangular maximal exercise test on cycloergometer, with progressively increasing work loads until VO2max. On the whole these subjects had a low serum zinc because nine of them had a ...
Marrades R M - - 1997
The equation proposed by Cotes and coworkers is currently considered as the most acceptable to correct carbon monoxide diffusing capacity (DLCO) for hemoglobin concentration [Hb] by both the American Thoracic Society (ATS) and the European Respiratory Society (ERS) guidelines for standardization of DLCO. In a previous study on 24 anemic ...
McKelvie R S - - 1997
Ion concentrations in whole blood, plasma, and erythrocytes from arterialized venous blood were examined in eight healthy males performing incremental exercise tests to fatigue on an electrically braked cycle ergometer. Exercise was performed during control and low dose (LD) and high dose (HD) of propranolol (beta-blockade). The LD and HD ...
Navas I M - - 1996
The effect of a heterologous series of cationic diamidines has been tested on cell growth and polyamine uptake on the model of insect Trypanosomatid Crithidia fasciculata. The maximum inhibitory effect on both parameters was found for pentamidine and dibromopropamidine, which exhibit a longer distance between amino and imino substituents. A ...
Gabrielson K L - - 1996
Two Hampshire-Duroc cross piglets maintained on 100% total parenteral nutrition (TPN) for 3 weeks developed pancreatic epithelial cell necrosis, diffuse acinar atrophy, and marked interstitial fibrosis. In addition, the piglets had severe villus atrophy in the small intestine as a result of TPN. Atomic absorption spectrophotometric analysis of liver samples ...
Treib J - - 1996
Hydroxyethyl starch (HES) with a high or medium molecular weight (MW) and a high degree of substitution is difficult to degrade and leads to an accumulation of large molecules. These molecules have a negative effect on hemostasiological parameters. In 10 patients with cerebrovascular diseases, a hemodilution therapy was carried out ...
Maw G J - - 1996
Despite evidence of hypervolemia following endurance training, there is little information regarding corresponding extravascular fluid volumes. Quantification of such volumes relies upon radionuclide dilution methods, previously hampered by the loss of plasma albumin. It was our purpose to measure human body-fluid distribution in eight endurance-trained males, using a simultaneous radionuclide ...
Georgopoulos M - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the morphological distinction between 'dysmorphic' and 'eumorphic' erythrocytes in urinary sediment differentiates microscopic haematuria (MH) from reno-parenchymal and post-renal bleeding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The erythrocyte morphology of 2145 urinary sediments from 1391 patients with MH was evaluated by interference-contrast microscopy and compared with the osmolality, pH ...
Weiss D J - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether furosemide treatment altered the blood flow properties and serum and RBC electrolyte concentrations of Thoroughbreds during submaximal treadmill exercise. DESIGN: Thoroughbreds were subjected to submaximal treadmill exercise with and without treatment with furosemide (1 mg/kg of body weight, IV). ANIMALS: 5 healthy Throughbreds that had raced ...
Fontanellas A - - 1996
Recombinant human erythropoietin (r-HuEPO) is being successfully used for the treatment of uremic anemia. Several abnormalities of heme biosynthetic pathway have been described in patients with end-stage renal failure. In this condition, the activity of erythrocyte porphobilinogen deaminase has been found to be slightly increased. If this enzyme were to ...
Piacentini M P - - 1996
The concentration of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3) in erythrocytes from volunteers has been found to modify following strenuous physical exercise. The basal value was almost regained within some 75 min after the completion of the effort. The concurrent variations of pH and blood lactate have also been evaluated. Our results represent, ...
Brayman A A - - 1996
The tested hypothesis was that ultrasound-induced hemolysis in blood supplemented with a microbubble contrast agent varies with ultrasound intensity and pulse duration. Human erythrocytes in autologous plasma containing 3.6% v:v Albunex microspheres were exposed to 1.07-MHz ultrasound pulses of 5 to 1000 mus at SPTP intensities of 0 to 1100 ...
Hurford W E - - 1996
The spleen of the Weddell seal (Leptonychotes weddelli) may contract and inject red blood cells (RBCs) into the peripheral circulation during diving, but evidence for this hypothesis is indirect. Accordingly, we measured splenic dimensions by ultrasonography, plasma catecholamine concentrations, hemoglobin concentration, and hematocrit in five Weddell seals before and after ...
Corti S - - 1995
To evaluate the intracellular accumulation of norfloxacin in mycobacteria, two methods were used with Mycobacterium smegmatis. A radiometric method (K. V. Cundy, C. E. Fasching, K. E. Willard, and L. R. Peterson, J. Antimicrob. Chemother. 28:491-497, 1991) was used without great modification, but the fluorometric method (P. G. S. Mortimer ...
Vazquez F - - 1995
The acrodermatitis enteropathica (AE) mutation affects intestinal zinc absorption. Our goal was to determine whether the AE mutation affects zinc uptake in human fibroblasts. Zinc uptake was determined during initial rates of uptake (10 min) following incubation in HEPES/saline buffer. Zinc uptake (from 0.25 to 1 microM) into normal fibroblasts ...
Hughes G S GS - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the exercise capacity of subjects given an autologous transfusion or a polymerized bovine hemoglobin solution to define the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of a new hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier (HBOC-201). METHODS: Six normal healthy male subjects (ages 25 to 45 years) participated in ...
Pacuszka T - - 1995
In an attempt to define glycolipid functions we have prepared photoactivatable, iodinatable derivative of globoside and used it for photoaffinity labeling of human erythrocyte membranes. Lysogloboside (Gb4Sph) was prepared from globoside through deacylation in methanolic KOH followed by re-N-acetylation of galactosaminyl residue. The NH2 group of sphingosine residue in Gb4 ...
Yoshida M - - 1995
Cell-free hemoglobin (Hb) and bacterial endotoxin (LPS) synergistically produce toxicity. To elucidate possible mechanisms, three groups of rabbits received LPS alone, LPS plus human serum albumin (HSA), or LPS plus Hb (Hb group). The intravascular retention of injected iodine 125-labeled LPS during the 30-minute period analyzed was significantly longer in ...
Bergeron C - - 1995
We studied the evolution of erythrocyte polyamine levels after 17 autologous bone marrow transplants (BMT) in 16 children with malignant diseases. We found that the time to the end of aplasia (0.5 x 10(9) granulocytes per liter) could be divided into 2 distinct periods. The first is characterized by low ...
Pribush A - - 1995
Erythrocyte deformability was studied by continuous reading of sediment conductance during centrifugation. The decrease in sediment conductivity during centrifugation reflects erythrocyte deformation in the pellet. The degree of erythrocyte deformation depends on the duration of centrifugation and the magnitude of centripetal acceleration. When constant centrifugal force is applied over an ...
Skelton M S - - 1995
Transport of lactate across the erythrocyte membrane proceeds by three distinct pathways: 1) nonionic diffusion of lactic acid, 2) inorganic anion exchange (band 3), and 3) a monocarboxylate-specific (MC) carrier mechanism. This study determined the contributions of these three pathways in the red blood cells (RBCs) of "athletic" and "nonathletic" ...
van der Brug G E - - 1995
Thirty-one male triathletes performed three experimental trials at one week intervals, with either a semi-solid or liquid carbohydrate feeding, or a liquid placebo. Exercise consisted of three hours of alternately cycling, running, cycling, and running at 75% VO2 max. Venous blood samples were taken before and immediately after the exercise. ...
Erler B S - - 1995
We compared the utility of screening red blood cell (RBC) microcytosis for thalassemia minor using backpropagation neural networks, linear and quadratic discriminant functions, and previously reported discriminant functions based on RBC indices. Screening classification of cases representing possible thalassemia minor (n = 60) and non-thalassemic microcytosis (n = 60) were ...
Chakder S - - 1995
The purpose of the present investigation was to examine the influence of a nitric oxide scavenger, hemoglobin (Hb), on esophageal function. Intraluminal pressures of anesthetized opossums were recorded from lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and 1, 5, and 9 cm above the LES. The influence of a representative Hb-based oxygen carrier ...
Hinchliffe R F - - 1995
Values for MCV, MCH, MCHC and red cell distribution width (RDW) derived from subjects with HbC and HbE traits using a Technicon H*1 automated blood count analyser were compared. Significantly higher MCH, MCHC and RDW values were found in those with HbC trait. By use of a simple discriminant function ...
Lindinger M I - - 1995
This review describes processes for the distribution of K+ ([K+]) and lactate concentrations ([Lac-]) that are released from contracting muscle at high rates during high-intensity exercise. This results in increased interstitial and venous [K+] and [Lac-] in contracting muscle. Large and rapid increases in plasma [K+] and [Lac-] result in ...
Chiancone E - - 1995
New applications of haemoglobin immobilized on Sepharose 4B are proposed for the removal of cell-free, potentially toxic haemoglobin from either natural biological specimens or artificial haemoglobin-containing systems (e.g., blood substitutes, haemosomes) to be employed for biomedical purposes. In a model study, an affinity column of immobilized haemoglobin was used to ...
Gregory T M - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To determine the comparative rate of resolution of a contusion resulting from mechanical trauma to skeletal muscle, as a function of one of four exercise regimens. DESIGN: Randomized control trial. The four exercise regimens were: running with its onset immediately after injury, running with a 72 hr delay after ...
Smith J A - - 1995
Endurance training can lead to what has been termed 'sports anaemia'. Although under normal conditions, red blood cells (RBCs) have a lifespan of about 120 days, the rate of aging may increase during intensive training. However, RBC deficiency is rare in athletes, and sports anaemia is probably due to an ...
Odje O E - - 1995
The literature on the response of erythrocyte 2,3-diphosphoglycerate (2,3-DPG) following exercise is replete with inconsistencies, and recent studies have shown that the time of blood sampling during and following exercise, as well as the duration of exercise, are important in evaluating the response of 2,3-DPG. Experiments were designed to measure ...
Smith J A - - 1995
Red blood cell (RBC) susceptibility to oxidative and osmotic stress in vitro was investigated in cells from trained and untrained men before and after submaximal exercise. Whilst no significant change in peroxidative haemolysis occurred immediately after 1 h of cycling at 60% of maximal aerobic capacity (VO2max), a 20% increase ...
Frazao J M JM Department of Nephrology, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY 11209, - - 1995
Carbamylated hemoglobin (Carb Hb) levels were measured in 16 patients with a documented transient rise in BUN due to prerenal azotemia, in whom BUN levels before and after the episode were normal. They were compared with 13 controls. Carb Hb was expressed as carbamyl valine concentrations, which were significantly higher ...
Querengaesser A - - 1994
Six male and six female Alaskan Huskies allocated three by three to two teams fed rations slightly different in protein/fat ratio (A, 29.2: 53.7%; B, 34.1: 48.5% of digestible energy) were studied for hematological and metabolic changes during a complete training and racing season (24 wk). Blood variables [packed cell ...
Yamamoto T - - 1994
The effect of muscular exercise by bicycle ergometer on erythrocyte purine nucleotides was investigated in 6 athletes. Muscular exercise increased the concentration of inosine monophosphate from 5.9 +/- 1.1 to 7.3 +/- 1.3 nmol/ml in venous erythrocytes and from 5.7 +/- 1.0 to 6.8 +/- 1.4 nmol/ml in arterial erythrocytes, ...
Anderson B B - - 1994
There is a high prevalence of a familial flavin-deficient red blood cell in Ferrara province in the Po delta in northern Italy, believed to have been selected for by malaria which was endemic from the 12th century. In the present study, activities of FAD-dependent red-cell glutathione reductase (EGR) in the ...
Petrikovics I - - 1994
A series of organic thiosulfonates were synthesized and studied as sulfur donor substrates for rhodanese encapsulated within murine carrier erythrocytes. Previous studies have indicated that resealed erythrocytes containing rhodanese (CRBC) and sodium thiosulfate can rapidly metabolize cyanide to the less toxic thiocyanate. This thiosulfate-rhodanese system was very efficacious as a ...
Engler H D - - 1994
An increase in shell vial centrifugation force to 3,500 x g and a concomitant reduction in spin time to 15 min did not decrease the sensitivity of detecting viruses in clinical specimens compared with the accepted practice of using 700 x g for 40 min. No damage to the cell ...
Geor R J - - 1994
Hemorheologic alterations induced by incremental treadmill exercise were examined in 5 Thoroughbreds. Blood viscosity; PCV; RBC filterability, density gradient profile, and shape; serum and RBC electrolyte concentrations; and plasma total solids and lactate concentrations were measured before exercise, at treadmill speeds of 9 and 13 m/s, and 10 minutes after ...
Marschner J P - - 1994
Studies under equilibrium conditions have shown that the oxygen affinity of hemoglobin (Hb) is lowered by 2,3-diphosphoglycerate (2,3-DPG), the physiological allosteric effector in erythrocytes, and enhanced by glycosylation of Hb. The kinetics of oxygen release, as a function of 2,3-DPG and the degree of glycosylation have been determined using the ...
Bourquin L D - - 1994
Four steers (502 +/- 49 kg) with ruminal, duodenal, and ileal cannulas were used in a 4 x 4 Latin square experimental design with a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement of treatments to determine the effects of dietary forage:concentrate ratio (96:4 [96F] and 60:40 [60F]) and forage particle size (long ...
Weiss D J - - 1994
Effects of echinocytosis on blood rheology and exercise performance were evaluated for 5 Thoroughbreds. Echinocytosis was induced by administration of furosemide (1 mg/kg of body weight, IM, q 12 h) for 4 days. Furosemide treatment resulted in decreases in serum sodium and serum chloride concentrations and in RBC chloride and ...
Melkko J - - 1994
This study was undertaken to determine the fate of circulating NH2-terminal propeptide of type I procollagen (PINP) in rats. Radiolabeled PINP showed a biphasic serum decay curve after intravenous injection. 79% of the material disappeared from the blood during the initial alpha-phase (t1/2 alpha = 0.6 min), while the remaining ...
Resina A - - 1994
Physical exercise appears to affect both blood magnesium status and erythrocyte 2,3-diphosphoglycerate (2,3-DPG) concentration. Concentrations of erythrocyte and plasma magnesium (ErMg and PlMg) and erythrocyte 2,3-DPG were measured three times over a period of 2 months in a group of 11 athletes who were training for a marathon. The concentration ...
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