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Hu Tao - - 2002
A well-defined bovine polyhemoglobin was prepared by dimethyl adipimidate (DMA) and glutaraldehyde double cross-linkage method. DMA was used to block some amino groups of hemoglobin, followed by further polymerization with glutaraldehyde. The amino modification degree of hemoglobin was 32% when DMA reacted with hemoglobin at the molar ratio of 200. ...
Dóka Ottó - - 2002
The He-Ne laser (632.8 nm) and the concept of optothermal window (OW), a variant of the open photoacoustic cell, were combined with the Folin-Ciocalteu colorimetry assay to quantitate phenolics in four red wines. The total polyphenolic content in selected red wines varied between 786 and 1630 mg/L gallic acid equivalent ...
Neumayr G - - 2002
Knowledge is sparse about the extent of potential dehydration due to prolonged strenuous cycling and its haematological acute effects on the haematocrit (Hct) in study populations credibly not taking any kind of doping. With increasing training load levels of Hct and haemoglobin (Hb) decrease in both amateurs and professionals as ...
Dawson Dana - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to noninvasively quantify the effects of insulin on capillary blood volume (capBV) and RBC velocity (V(RBC)) in skeletal muscle in vivo with the use of contrast-enhanced ultrasound. We performed contrast ultrasound of the rat hindlimb adductor muscles at baseline and after 2-h infusions of ...
Blond Lars - - 2002
Gamma camera technique was used to assess the effectiveness of various exsanguination methods in 12 healthy male volunteers given an autologous injection of 99mTc-labeled erythrocytes. The methods used included elevation alone, Esmarch bandage, gauze bandage, and the Pomidor roll-cuff. The median times spent on use of these methods were: Esmarch ...
Farges E - - 2002
During storage at +4 degrees C, red blood cells undergo biochemical and physicochemical modifications, which alter their rheological characteristics especially the deformability. Even so until now not precisely defined deformability is undoubtedly a function of whole cell elasticity and viscosity. In a previous study we have investigated changes of elasticity ...
Glover Chris N - - 2002
Knowledge of the uptake mechanisms and metabolism of metals is essential for understanding the factors governing metal toxicity, discerning means by which acclimation and homeostasis may be achieved and characterising interactions between the metal of interest and other environmental moieties. Zinc is both an important aquatic contaminant and a vital ...
Brun Jean-Frédéric - - 2002
Hemorheological effects of exercise are a triphasic phenomenon including: (a) short-term effects (hyperviscosity mostly due to fluid shifts and alterations of erythrocyte rigidity and aggregability); (b) middle-term effects (i.e., the reversal of acute effects due to plasma volume expansion (autohemodilution) that lowers both plasma viscosity and hematocrit; (c) long-term effects ...
Sentürk U K - - 2001
Oxidant stress is one of the factors proposed to be responsible for damaged erythrocytes observed during and after exercise. The impact of exertional oxidant stress after acute exhaustive treadmill running on erythrocyte damage was investigated in sedentary (Sed) and exercise-trained (ET) rats treated with or without antioxidant vitamins C and ...
Hess J R - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Experimental additive solutions (EASs) containing saline, adenine, glucose, mannitol and disodium phosphate can support RBCs for 9 or 10 weeks if used in 200- or 300-mL volumes. The effects of variations in the electrolyte composition and volume of EASs were explored. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: In three four-arm studies, ...
Funkquist P - - 2001
Five Standardbred trotters with red cell hypervolaemia (RCHV) were compared before and after removal of approximately 22% (36 ml/kg bwt) of the total blood volume in order to evaluate the haemodynamic responses, haemorheological alterations and oxygen transport during exercise to fatigue. Data were recorded during submaximal exercise at 4 different ...
Langeron O - - 2001
Hydroxyethyl starch (HES) solutions are effective plasma volume expanders. Impairment of coagulation occurs with large HES volumes infused perioperatively. Therefore, a lower substituted novel HES (Voluven; Fresenius Kabi, Bad Homburg, Germany) was developed to minimize hemostatic interactions, and was compared with HAES-steril (Fresenius Kabi) (pentastarch) regarding safety and efficacy. We ...
Tan E - - 2001
The metabolic activities and tissue binding of estrone (E1) and estrone sulfate (E1S) on futile cycling were examined. Desulfation of E1S in the 9000g supernatant fraction (S9) of periportal (PP) and perivenous (PV) rat hepatocytes were of similar V (2.9 +/- 1.0 and 2.4 +/- 0.9 nmol/min/mg of S9 protein), ...
Guzmán M - - 2000
Our experiments analyzed the uptake of free and nanoparticles (NP)-associated digitoxin (DGT) by rat glomerular mesangial cells. NP were prepared by the nanoprecipitation method using the biodegradable polyester, polycaprolactone (PCL). Prior to in vitro experiments, the systems were characterized by means of spectrofluorimetry, dynamic light scattering, and size exclusion chromatography ...
Gregory T R - - 2000
Previously reported haploid genome sizes (C-values) and erythrocyte sizes (measured as mean dry diameters) were compared for 67 species of mammals representing 31 families and 16 orders. Measurements on erythrocytes of four species of bats were also included in the study. Erythrocyte size was significantly positively correlated with genome size ...
Hess J R - - 2000
BACKGROUND: This study explored the effect of storing packed RBCs suspended in 200 mL of an alkaline, hypotonic, experimental additive solution (EAS 61). STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Packed RBC units prepared from RBCs collected from healthy donors in CPD were stored for 8 (n = 10) and 9 (n = ...
Manire C A - - 2000
Erythropoietin, a glycoprotein growth hormone that is produced primarily in the kidneys, promotes mitosis and survival of erythroid progenitors. The recent synthesis of the human form of the hormone by recombinant technology has provided a new therapeutic option, which is being used in both human and veterinary medicine for treatment ...
Yalcin O - - 2000
Red blood cell (RBC) mechanical properties were investigated after swimming exercise in trained and untrained rats. A group of rats was trained for 6 wk (60 min swimming, daily), and another group was kept sedentary. Blood samples were obtained either within 5 min or 24 h after 60 min swimming ...
Eléouet S - - 2000
Synthesis of delta-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) derivatives is a promising way to improve the therapeutic properties of ALA, particularly cell uptake or homogeneity of protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) synthesis. The fluorescence emission kinetics and phototoxic properties of ALA-n-pentyl ester (E1) and R,S-ALA-2-(hydroxymethyl) tetrahydrofuranyl ester (E2) were compared with those of ALA and ...
Miura H - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to determine whether oxygenation in localized working muscle depended on the muscle activity and on the lactic acidosis level. Seven healthy male subjects underwent the five 6-min cycling exercises with work rates of 50 watts (25.0 +/- 5.0% VO2max), 100 watts (36.6 +/- 6.2% ...
Vaughn M W - - 2000
It has been reported that free hemoglobin (Hb) reacts with NO at an extremely high rate (K(Hb) approximately 10(7) M(-1) s(-1)) and that the red blood cell (RBC) membrane is highly permeable to NO. RBCs, however, react with NO 500-1000 times slower. This reduction of NO reaction rate by RBCs ...
Temiz A - - 2000
Red blood cell (RBC) mechanical alterations and oxidative damage were investigated after an acute exhausting exercise in rats, together with the leukocyte activation. The groups formed as follows. Control (C) (n = 9), group I (n = 9) and group II (n = 7) from which blood samples were collected ...
Nageswari K - - 2000
The physiological changes occurring during exercise and its possible consequences have been receiving considerable attention lately. In this paper, we studied the changes in hemorheological and microcirculatory parameters, before and after the exercise, in the subjects undergoing mild exercise (n = 20). A cycle ergometer adjusted at 2.5 kilopounds was ...
Brun J F - - 2000
The paradox of hematocrit in exercise physiology is that artificially increasing it by autotransfusion or erythropoietin doping improves VO2 max and performance, while in normal conditions there is a strong negative correlation between hematocrit and fitness, due to a training-induced "autohemodilution". We aimed at investigating: (a) which is the physiological ...
Lindinger M I - - 1999
The hypothesis was tested that exercise-induced changes in plasma composition stimulate unidirectional K(+) transport (J(in)K) in human red blood cells (RBCs). Ten men performed two 30-s high-intensity leg-cycling tests separated by 4 min of rest. Antecubital venous blood was sampled before exercise and at the end of the second exercise ...
Hall A P - - 1999
A case of pustular vasculitis of the hands with evidence of systemic involvement is described. A 64-year-old woman presented with a 2-day history of large, tense bullae arranged symmetrically over the dorsum of the three radial digits and extending on to the radial aspect of the dorsum of each hand. ...
Cavaliere F - - 1999
BACKGROUND: During cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) an intracellular ATP deficit could theoretically play a role in changes of erythrocyte shape and deformability caused by mechanical trauma. We therefore studied erythrocyte energy metabolism in 12 patients undergoing normothermic CPB for myocardial revascularization. METHODS: Blood samples were collected prior to and 45 minutes ...
Mulquiney P J - - 1999
This is the third of three papers [see also Mulquiney, Bubb and Kuchel (1999) Biochem. J. 342, 565-578; Mulquiney and Kuchel (1999) Biochem. J. 342, 579-594] for which the general goal was to explain the regulation and control of 2,3-bisphosphoglycerate (2,3-BPG) metabolism in human erythrocytes. 2,3-BPG is a major modulator ...
Hanzawa K - - 1999
We examined the relationship in horses between osmotic fragility of erythrocytes (OFE) measured as the red cell haemolysis rates (HLR) in 0.56% NaCl and certain physiological characters. Animals were exercised on a treadmill: warmed up at 30% VO2max for 5 min or at 105% VO2max for 1 min, given an ...
McMahon L P - - 1999
BACKGROUND: To determine the effects of different haemoglobin (Hb) levels on exercise performance and associated electrolyte changes, a prospective, randomized, double-blinded crossover study was completed in 14 haemodialysis patients. METHODS: Performance and changes in arterial [K+] and lactate were compared at rest and during a maximal incremental cycling exercise at ...
Fernandes M A - - 1999
In previous studies performed in this laboratory it was realized that in a broad concentration range (0.5-8 mM) dichromate does not induced red blood cell (RBC) peroxidation. To investigate the reasons behind RBC protection against chromate-induced peroxidation, the effects of 8 mM dichromate on white ghost and RBC peroxidation, RBC ...
Godart H - - 1999
A sudden decrease in external medium osmolality (90 mosmol/kg) causes an immediate swelling of trout erythrocytes, followed by a regulatory volume decrease (RVD) due to activation of both a KCl cotransporter and a taurine transport pathway. Here, we determined how trout red cells respond when they are exposed to a ...
García-Pérez A I - - 1999
The role of molecular crowding and viscosity on the apparent translational diffusion coefficient (ADC) of small metabolites was investigated in different subcellular organelles using the pulse-field gradient spin-echo 1H NMR technique. ADCs of metabolites with increasing radius of gyration (0.7 A < RG < 4.5 A) were measured in the ...
Muñoz A - - 1999
The cardiovascular and metabolic response to two cross-country events (CC*: preliminary level and CC*** advanced level) were analysed in 8 male eventing horses (4 Anglo-Hunter and 4 Anglo-Arabian). This study focused on the establishment of the main metabolic pathways involved in the muscle energy resynthesis during the competitions. Heart rate ...
Molteni S N - - 1999
Hexakis-2-methoxyisobutylisonitrile (SestaMIBI) and 1,2-bis[bis(2-ethoxyethyl)phosphino]ethane (tetrofosmin) are 99mtechnetium compounds widely used in oncologic imaging. We investigated the uptake and release of SestaMIBI and tetrofosmin together with 99mTc-medronate in the MCF7 breast carcinoma cell line. All the tracers showed similar uptake kinetics, with a rapid increase in the first 30 minutes and ...
Khaled S - - 1999
We previously reported a higher blood viscosity at corrected hematocrit (45%) (explained by a higher value of erythrocyte rigidity) in football players with low serum zinc (Zn) and thus presumably Zn deficiency; subjects with low serum zinc had also an impairment in performance. This interventional study was undertaken in order ...
Kobayashi N - - 1998
Podocytes are unique cells that are decisively involved in glomerular filtration. They are equipped with a complex process system consisting of major processes and foot processes whose function is insufficiently understood (Mundel, P., and W. Kriz. 1995. Anat. Embryol. 192:385-397). The major processes of podocytes contain a microtubular cytoskeleton. Taking ...
Bouix D - - 1998
We investigated relationships among body composition, blood rheology, and exercise performance in 14 rugbymen (19-31 yr, weight 65.8-109.2 kg, height 1.7-1.96 m, body mass index 21.7-33.1 kg/m2) who underwent a standardized submaximal exercise session on cycloergometer corresponding to 225 kJ over 30 min. The rheologic response to exercise was measured ...
Brun J F - - 1998
The life-extending effects of regular exercise are related to a decrease in both coronary and peripheral vascular morbidity, associated with some improvements in cardiovascular risk factors. A possible link between the beneficial metabolic and hemodynamic effects of exercise could be blood rheology, which is markedly affected by exercise. We propose ...
Szcześniak L - - 1998
In the present work we investigated the influence of oxidative stress induced by strenuous exercise on the affinity of a specific insulin receptors on human erythrocytes. 13 male members of the national basketball staff performed a maximal treadmill exercise test. In the blood samples collected before and directly after the ...
Mujika I - - 1998
The purpose of this study was to monitor hematological changes during 12 weeks of intense training and 4 weeks of taper in 8 highly trained competitive swimmers, and to assess the relationships between hematological variables and competition performance. Venous blood samples were obtained in the mid-season (wk 10), before taper ...
Vaughn M W - - 1998
Despite its well-documented importance, the mechanism for nitric oxide (NO) transport in vivo is still unclear. In particular, the effect of hemoglobin-NO interaction and the range of NO action have not been characterized in the microcirculation, where blood flow is optimally regulated. Using a mathematical model and experimental data on ...
Ogawa E - - 1998
It was recently coincidentally discovered, using 1H NMR spectroscopy, that the erythrocytes of two species of Australian marsupials, Tammar Wallaby (Macropus eugenii) and Bettong (Bettongia penicillata), contain relatively high concentrations of the essential amino acid lysine (Agar NS, Rae CD, Chapman BE, Kuchel PW. Comp Biochem Physiol 1991;99B:575-97). Hence, in ...
de los Reyes B - - 1998
We studied the effects of L-carnitine treatment in the acyl flux of erythrocyte membranes from uremic patients. We found a significantly lower relative proportion of long-chain acyl-CoA (LCCoA) to free CoA (FCoA) in patients than in control subjects. In addition, patients had reduced activities of both carnitine palmitoyltransferase (CPT) and ...
Sánchez-Galán S - - 1998
In this work we measured both micronuclei number in kidney erythrocytes and fluctuating asymmetry in wild brown trout (Salmo trutta), caught in different fluvial ecosystems of Asturias (northern Spain) characterized by different levels of anthropic influence. Brown trout samples from rivers with high anthropic influence possessed significantly higher averages of ...
Gürcan N - - 1998
The blood stream is affected by viscosity and many other haemorheological factors such as lipid peroxidation in the plasma and red blood cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes of haemorheological parameters after submaximal exercise in trained and untrained subjects. The results indicated that heart rate, ...
Spodaryk K - - 1998
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of exercise with the intensity progressively increasing from rest until maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) on 2,3-DPG levels in red blood cells (RBC) in relation to the changes in the acid-base balance and plasma lactate concentration. Six healthy young men (age ...
Duma E - - 1998
Athletes (8 trained medium and long distance runners) have been explored before and after physical exercise under two testing procedures. After the ergometric test significant increases of Ca++ and Mg++ in serum and significant decrease of Mg++ in erythrocytes occurred. A marked increment of the cortisol level and lesser changes ...
De Crée C - - 1997
The present study was designed to assess the effects of acute exercise and short-term intensive training on catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) activity. COMT inactivates catecholamines and converts primary catecholestrogens (CE) into their O-methylated form yielding the 2- (2-MeOE) and 4-methoxyestrogens (4-MeOE). Blood samples were obtained from 15 previously untrained eumenorrheic women (mean ...
Speake P F - - 1997
K influx into equine red blood cells (RBCs) was measured using 86Rb as a tracer for K under conditions designed to mimic the changes in respiratory blood parameters that occur in vivo during strenuous exercise. The effects on K influx of physiological changes in pH, cell volume, O2 tension (PO2), ...
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