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Eike Julie H - - 2004
Various oxidized mono/di/tri/poly saccharides were studied as potential hemoglobin (Hb) cross-linkers in order to produce oxygen carriers with high oxygen affinities (low P(50)'s) and high molecular weights (therefore lower macromolecular diffusivities compared to tetrameric Hb). Such physical properties were desired to produce polymerized hemoglobins (PolyHbs) with oxygen release profiles similar ...
Wettstein Reto - - 2004
Microcirculatory perfusion deficits and impaired tissue oxygenation in nonvital organs frequently occur after hemorrhage and they contribute to potentially lethal complications. The aim of this study was to test the influence of colloid osmotic pressure, viscosity, and red blood cell (RBC) content of the resuscitative fluid on metabolic disorder, perfusion, ...
Connes Philippe - - 2004
Exercise transiently increases blood viscosity: however data on red cell deformability in this process remain inconsistent, since studies report either impairment (proportional to blood lactate accumulation), a lack of effect, or even in some cases an improvement. To test whether these inconsistencies may be due to physiological differences among populations ...
Svenmarker S - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Measurement of the activated clotting time (ACT) represents a standard method for coagulatory assessments. The test employs specific agents to trigger the coagulation process. The present study aimed to compare kaolin (Hemotec) versus a combination of silica, kaolin and phospholipid (Hemochron Jr) ACTs. METHODS: Hemotec and Hemochron Jr ACT ...
Martin-Romero Francisco Javier - - 2004
The production of peroxynitrite during 3-morpholinosydnonimine (SIN-1) decomposition can be continuously monitored, with a sensitivity < or = 0.1 microM, from the kinetics of NADH fluorescence quenching in phosphate buffers, as well as in buffers commonly used with cell cultures, like Locke's buffer or Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM-F12). The ...
Varlet-Marie Emmanuelle - - 2004
Blood lactate increases during exercise. Although this increase was classically interpreted as a "Pasteur-like effect" resulting from anaerobiosis, it is now clear that it mostly results from a shift in the balance of oxidation of substrates in the muscle, with carbohydrate becoming the predominant fuel. However, we have repeatedly observed ...
Varlet-Marie Emanuelle - - 2004
Contemporary sports imply huge training volumes, with thus an increasing danger of overloading. The timely detection of the state of overloading in the organism as a whole or in skeletal muscles presents a difficult and complicated problem. A standardized questionnaire has been proposed by the French consensus group on overtraining ...
Lindinger Michael I - - 2003
We tested the hypothesis that exercise-induced changes in plasma composition result in peak stimulation of erythrocyte unidirectional K+ (JK,in) and net K+ (JK,net) transport within the first 120 s. In experimental series 1 (7 men; 2 women), plasma [K+] was continuously measured in vitro (37 degrees C) after the addition ...
Valeri C Robert - - 2003
BACKGROUND: RBC volume, 24-hour posttransfusion survival, and life span can be measured with radio-isotopes and nonradioactive procedures. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: RBC volume was measured directly with autologous baboon RBCs labeled with biotin-X-N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS), 51Cr, 99mTc, and 111In-oxine and indirectly from the 125I plasma volume and the total body Hct. ...
Bonacker Daniela - - 2004
In order to investigate the chromosomal genotoxicity of nitrobenzene and benzonitrile, we studied the induction of micronuclei (MN) by these test compounds in V79 cells, as well as effects on the formation and stability of microtubules and on motor protein functions. No cytotoxicity was seen in V79 cell cultures in ...
Hess John R - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Better storage can improve RBC availability and safety. Optimizing RBC ATP production and minimizing hemolysis has allowed progressively longer storage. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: In the first study, 24 units of packed CPD RBCs were pooled in groups of four, realiquoted, and added to 300 mL of one of ...
Bailey David G - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to assess the importance of bergamottin in drug interactions through comparisons between grapefruit juice and lime juice and the potential for drug interactions with red wine. METHODS: Bergamottin content and in vitro reversible/irreversible inhibition of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 monooxygenase activities were determined for grapefruit and ...
Rouffiac Valérie - - 2003
We have previously established new ultrasonic indexes for erythrocyte aggregation using a Couette device, and validated them toward the Rayleigh's theory and reproducibility. Two hydrodynamic protocols were applied on various suspensions and their aggregation degrees were characterized by: 1. for the decreasing shear rates protocol: the power P(US) at the ...
Tsuda Kazushi - - 2003
1. The present study was undertaken to investigate the effects of aerobic physical exercise on membrane function in mild essential hypertension. 2. Hypertensive patients were divided into an exercise group (n = 8) and a non-exercise (control) group (n = 8). Physical exercise within the intensity of the anaerobic threshold ...
Awasthi V D - - 2003
To determine the largest size of liposomes that can retain stealth behavior conferred by poly(ethylene glycol)-DSPE, neutral liposomes were studied in rabbits for their circulation and distribution. Five sizes (136.2, 165.5, 209.2, 275 and 318 nm) of liposomes (DSPC, Cholesterol, PEG-DSPE and alpha-tocopherol, 90:80:4.5:3.9 molar ratio) were made by extrusion ...
Sara Fagnété - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess lactic response (mmol/L) during incremental exercise in a specific population of men and women with sickle cell trait. SUBJECTS: Athletic men and women from the French West Indies showing no anemia and/or alpha thalassemia. METHODS: Anemia was ruled out by hemoglobin ...
Xu Jianguo - - 2003
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of fresh lime, lemon, grapefruit, and pummelo juices on the transport of digoxin, a P-glycoprotein (P-gp) substrate, in Caco-2 cell monolayers. METHODS: Bidirectional [3H]-digoxin fluxes across confluent Caco-2 cell monolayers were determined in 0-50% fruit juices at pH 7.4. Verapamil HCl (100 microM) served as ...
Wells R M G - - 2003
Tarpon have high resting or routine hematocrits (Hct) (37.6+/-3.4%) and hemoglobin concentrations (120.6+/-7.3 gl(-1)) that increased significantly following bouts of angling-induced exercise (51.9+/-3.7% and 142.8+/-13.5 gl(-1), respectively). Strenuous exercise was accompanied by an approximately tenfold increase in blood lactate and a muscle metabolite profile indicative of a high energy demand ...
Ajmani Ranjeet S - - 2003
The present investigation was designed to evaluate the acute effect of aerobic exercise on oxidative stress and the flow properties of the blood. Fourteen clinically healthy subjects (7 men and 7 women aged 56+/-19 yr) underwent maximal treadmill exercise with blood samples drawn prior to and immediately after exercise. Post-exercise ...
Gaudard A - - 2003
Negative correlations between blood viscosity parameters and fitness have been reported, but their physiological meaning remains incompletely understood. Since rheo-active treatments are used in athletes doping, we aimed at clarifying the relationships between hematocrit (Hct), viscosity and performance by comparing aerobic capacity, overtraining questionnaire, and hemorheological parameters. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: ...
Melnikov Andrey A - - 2003
It is well established that exercise performance in athletes is related to improved blood fluidity. However, training effects on functional state of endothelium and relations of endothelial cell functions with hemorheology are poorly known. Circulating levels of von Willebrand factor may serve as a good marker of endothelial cell functions, ...
Varlet-Marie E - - 2003
Effects of exercise on erythrocyte aggregation were investigated in 19 elite athletes. High shear rate viscometry (1000 s(-1) evidenced an increase in blood viscosity explained by an increase in hematocrit (+8% p<0.01) and plasma viscosity (+7% p<0.01). Erythrocyte rigidity index and erythrocyte aggregability measured using the Myrenne erythroaggregometer did not ...
Stewart Ian B - - 2003
To investigate splenic erythrocyte volume after exercise and the effect on hematocrit- and hemoglobin-based plasma volume equations, nine men cycled at an intensity of 60% maximal O(2) uptake for 5-, 10-, or 15-min duration, followed by an incremental ride to exhaustion. The reduction in spleen volume, calculated using (99m)Tc-labeled erythrocytes, ...
Kobayashi Hirosuke - - 2002
The objective of this study was to determine whether endogenous nitric oxide (NO) derived from reaction catalyzed by the inducible isoform of NO synthase (iNOS: NOS II) in polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) makes the PMNs deformable. Previous studies have shown that NO increases the deformability of PMNs and decreases the sequestration ...
Yalcin Ozlem - - 2003
The time course of hemorheological alterations was investigated after heavy anaerobic exercise in untrained male human subjects. The Wingate protocol was performed by each subject, and blood lactate, red blood cell (RBC) deformability and aggregation, white blood cell (WBC) activation, and several hematological parameters were investigated during 24 h after ...
Zhou Zong-Guang - - 2002
AIM: To study the feature of pancreatic microcirculatory impairment, especially the initial changes, in caerulein-induced experimental acute pancreatitis (AP). METHODS: The pancreatic microcirculation of caerulein-induced AP model was studied by intravital fluorescence microscopy with FITC-labeled erythrocytes (FITC-RBC), scanning electron microscopy of vascular corrosion casts, and light microscopy of Chinese ink-injected/cleared ...
Kuzuya Takafumi - - 2002
The authors studied the effect of hematocrit, bilirubin, and alkaline phosphatase on microparticle enzyme immunoassay for tacrolimus II (MEIA II) using specimens of whole blood obtained from 33 patients undergoing cyclosporine treatment. Tacrolimus was added to these samples at a final concentration of 7.5 microg/L and 15 microg/L. Both coefficients ...
Högman C F - - 2002
BACKGROUND: All currently used systems for the storage of RBCs result in loss of 2,3 DPG and an associated increase in affinity for oxygen. Previously, it was demonstrated that a hypotonic additive solution for RBC storage (Erythro-Sol) resulted in prolonged maintenance of 2,3 DPG when blood was collected in 0.5 ...
Stagsted Jan - - 2002
We have developed a screening assay for erythrocyte stability, which is rapid, easy, inexpensive, robust, and suitable for handling a large number of samples in parallel. Erythrocytes are incubated overnight in 96-well microtiter plates in absence or presence of various oxidants, intact cells are pelleted by centrifugation, and lysis is ...
McMahon Timothy J - - 2002
Interactions of nitric oxide (NO) with hemoglobin (Hb) could regulate the uptake and delivery of oxygen (O(2)) by subserving the classical physiological responses of hypoxic vasodilation and hyperoxic vasconstriction in the human respiratory cycle. Here we show that in in vitro and ex vivo systems as well as healthy adults ...
Hess John R - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Concentrations of 2,3-DPG decline rapidly in the first week of RBC storage because of the low pH of conventional storage solutions. Alkaline additive solutions, which can preserve RBCs for up to 11 weeks, still do not preserve 2,3-DPG because the starting pH is below 7.2. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: ...
Hu Tao - - 2002
A well-defined bovine polyhemoglobin was prepared by dimethyl adipimidate (DMA) and glutaraldehyde double cross-linkage method. DMA was used to block some amino groups of hemoglobin, followed by further polymerization with glutaraldehyde. The amino modification degree of hemoglobin was 32% when DMA reacted with hemoglobin at the molar ratio of 200. ...
Dóka Ottó - - 2002
The He-Ne laser (632.8 nm) and the concept of optothermal window (OW), a variant of the open photoacoustic cell, were combined with the Folin-Ciocalteu colorimetry assay to quantitate phenolics in four red wines. The total polyphenolic content in selected red wines varied between 786 and 1630 mg/L gallic acid equivalent ...
Neumayr G - - 2002
Knowledge is sparse about the extent of potential dehydration due to prolonged strenuous cycling and its haematological acute effects on the haematocrit (Hct) in study populations credibly not taking any kind of doping. With increasing training load levels of Hct and haemoglobin (Hb) decrease in both amateurs and professionals as ...
Dawson Dana - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to noninvasively quantify the effects of insulin on capillary blood volume (capBV) and RBC velocity (V(RBC)) in skeletal muscle in vivo with the use of contrast-enhanced ultrasound. We performed contrast ultrasound of the rat hindlimb adductor muscles at baseline and after 2-h infusions of ...
Blond Lars - - 2002
Gamma camera technique was used to assess the effectiveness of various exsanguination methods in 12 healthy male volunteers given an autologous injection of 99mTc-labeled erythrocytes. The methods used included elevation alone, Esmarch bandage, gauze bandage, and the Pomidor roll-cuff. The median times spent on use of these methods were: Esmarch ...
Farges E - - 2002
During storage at +4 degrees C, red blood cells undergo biochemical and physicochemical modifications, which alter their rheological characteristics especially the deformability. Even so until now not precisely defined deformability is undoubtedly a function of whole cell elasticity and viscosity. In a previous study we have investigated changes of elasticity ...
Glover Chris N - - 2002
Knowledge of the uptake mechanisms and metabolism of metals is essential for understanding the factors governing metal toxicity, discerning means by which acclimation and homeostasis may be achieved and characterising interactions between the metal of interest and other environmental moieties. Zinc is both an important aquatic contaminant and a vital ...
Brun Jean-Frédéric - - 2002
Hemorheological effects of exercise are a triphasic phenomenon including: (a) short-term effects (hyperviscosity mostly due to fluid shifts and alterations of erythrocyte rigidity and aggregability); (b) middle-term effects (i.e., the reversal of acute effects due to plasma volume expansion (autohemodilution) that lowers both plasma viscosity and hematocrit; (c) long-term effects ...
Sentürk U K - - 2001
Oxidant stress is one of the factors proposed to be responsible for damaged erythrocytes observed during and after exercise. The impact of exertional oxidant stress after acute exhaustive treadmill running on erythrocyte damage was investigated in sedentary (Sed) and exercise-trained (ET) rats treated with or without antioxidant vitamins C and ...
Hess J R - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Experimental additive solutions (EASs) containing saline, adenine, glucose, mannitol and disodium phosphate can support RBCs for 9 or 10 weeks if used in 200- or 300-mL volumes. The effects of variations in the electrolyte composition and volume of EASs were explored. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: In three four-arm studies, ...
Funkquist P - - 2001
Five Standardbred trotters with red cell hypervolaemia (RCHV) were compared before and after removal of approximately 22% (36 ml/kg bwt) of the total blood volume in order to evaluate the haemodynamic responses, haemorheological alterations and oxygen transport during exercise to fatigue. Data were recorded during submaximal exercise at 4 different ...
Langeron O - - 2001
Hydroxyethyl starch (HES) solutions are effective plasma volume expanders. Impairment of coagulation occurs with large HES volumes infused perioperatively. Therefore, a lower substituted novel HES (Voluven; Fresenius Kabi, Bad Homburg, Germany) was developed to minimize hemostatic interactions, and was compared with HAES-steril (Fresenius Kabi) (pentastarch) regarding safety and efficacy. We ...
Tan E - - 2001
The metabolic activities and tissue binding of estrone (E1) and estrone sulfate (E1S) on futile cycling were examined. Desulfation of E1S in the 9000g supernatant fraction (S9) of periportal (PP) and perivenous (PV) rat hepatocytes were of similar V (2.9 +/- 1.0 and 2.4 +/- 0.9 nmol/min/mg of S9 protein), ...
Guzmán M - - 2000
Our experiments analyzed the uptake of free and nanoparticles (NP)-associated digitoxin (DGT) by rat glomerular mesangial cells. NP were prepared by the nanoprecipitation method using the biodegradable polyester, polycaprolactone (PCL). Prior to in vitro experiments, the systems were characterized by means of spectrofluorimetry, dynamic light scattering, and size exclusion chromatography ...
Gregory T R - - 2000
Previously reported haploid genome sizes (C-values) and erythrocyte sizes (measured as mean dry diameters) were compared for 67 species of mammals representing 31 families and 16 orders. Measurements on erythrocytes of four species of bats were also included in the study. Erythrocyte size was significantly positively correlated with genome size ...
Hess J R - - 2000
BACKGROUND: This study explored the effect of storing packed RBCs suspended in 200 mL of an alkaline, hypotonic, experimental additive solution (EAS 61). STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Packed RBC units prepared from RBCs collected from healthy donors in CPD were stored for 8 (n = 10) and 9 (n = ...
Manire C A - - 2000
Erythropoietin, a glycoprotein growth hormone that is produced primarily in the kidneys, promotes mitosis and survival of erythroid progenitors. The recent synthesis of the human form of the hormone by recombinant technology has provided a new therapeutic option, which is being used in both human and veterinary medicine for treatment ...
Yalcin O - - 2000
Red blood cell (RBC) mechanical properties were investigated after swimming exercise in trained and untrained rats. A group of rats was trained for 6 wk (60 min swimming, daily), and another group was kept sedentary. Blood samples were obtained either within 5 min or 24 h after 60 min swimming ...
Eléouet S - - 2000
Synthesis of delta-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) derivatives is a promising way to improve the therapeutic properties of ALA, particularly cell uptake or homogeneity of protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) synthesis. The fluorescence emission kinetics and phototoxic properties of ALA-n-pentyl ester (E1) and R,S-ALA-2-(hydroxymethyl) tetrahydrofuranyl ester (E2) were compared with those of ALA and ...
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