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Results 251 - 300 of 541
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Nunes Carla - - 2002
ABSTRACT The potential enhancement of Candida sake (CPA-1) by ammonium molybdate to control blue and gray mold caused by Penicillium expansum and Botrytis cinerea, respectively, on Blanquilla pears was investigated. In laboratory trials, improved control of blue and gray molds was obtained with the application of ammonium molybdate (1, 5, ...
Mirza Reehan S - - 2002
A wide diversity of aquatic organisms release chemical alarm cues when captured by a predator. For most animals, it is not known whether the specific chemicals that comprise the alarm cue are conserved as prey animals age. In this study, we tested whether brook char (Salvelinus fontinalis) can differentiate alarm ...
Lesser Christopher R - - 2002
Anvil 10+10 (hereafter Anvil) and Biomist 31:66 (hereafter Biomist) were applied by ground ultra-low volume (ULV) methods to determine the effectiveness of each formulation against Ochlerotatus sollicitans. Each formulation was tested at 50, 67, and 100% of respective maximum label dosage rates. Mosquitoes were exposed in cages on a 3 ...
Back Stephen A - - 2002
Immature oligodendrocytes (OLs) derive from a large pool of late OL progenitors that populate human cerebral white matter throughout the latter half of gestation. We recently reported that a minor population of immature OLs are present in human cerebral white matter for at least 3 months before these cells commit ...
Arrese J E - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The corneofungimetry bioassay was designed as a unique model predicting the efficacy of topical and oral antifungals in dermatomycoses. OBJECTIVE: In this 2-step study performed in two groups of 15 volunteers, corneofungimetry was used to compare the effect of 5-day b.i.d. treatments with 2% ketoconazole and 1% terbinafine creams. ...
Cardinali Daniel P - - 2002
Rapid transmeridian translocation through multiple time zones has a negative impact on athletic performance. The aim of the present study was to test the timely use of three factors (melatonin treatment, exposure to light, physical exercise) to hasten the resynchronization of a group of elite sports competitors and their coaches ...
Westra Henny A - - 2002
Benzodiazepines (BZs) are commonly used in conjunction with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in the treatment of panic disorder with agoraphobia (PDA). However, empirical evidence provides little support for the utility of this combined treatment approach over CBT alone. Westra and Stewart [Clin. Psychol. Rev. 18 (1998) 307] have proposed that ...
Kim Tae Jin - - 2002
Biophotons emitted from the center of fingernails and fingerprints from living humans are measured for twenty healthy subjects. We devised a dark box with a photo multiplier tube (H6180-01, Hamamatsu, Japan) whose spectral range is 300 nm to approximately 650 nm and a mount with a light-receiving hole of diameter ...
Fahnestock M - - 2001
Age-depth relations from internal layering reveal a large region of rapid basal melting in Greenland. Melt is localized at the onset of rapid ice flow in the large ice stream that drains north off the summit dome and other areas in the northeast quadrant of the ice sheet. Locally, high ...
Asfora W T WT USDSM, Sioux Falls, SD, - - 2001
The Subdural Evacuating Port System (SEPS) is intended for drainage of subdural fluid collections such as hygromas and hematomas. Unlike other subdural fluid drainage systems, no drain is placed in the subdural space. This paper describes the technique and reports our experience thus far. We treated 20 patients for 22 ...
Yang J H - - 2001
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of hysteroscopy in resecting submucous myomas with deep intramural invasion. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Department of gynecology at a general hospital. PATIENTS: Sixteen women with a solitary submucous myoma, in which myometrial thickness between the outer edge of ...
Gallentine M L - - 2001
PURPOSE: We investigated the ease of breakage of endoscopic stone baskets with the holmium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (YAG) laser and their resultant configuration. More importantly, possible safe methods of retrieval were evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Endoscopic stone baskets from Bard (Platinum Class 2.4F Flat and 3.0F Helical Wire), Cook (3.2F Captura, 3.2F Atlas, ...
Yamauchi T - - 2001
N(4)-Behenoyl-1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine (BHAC), a prodrug of 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine, is used effectively for the treatment of leukemia in Japan. BHAC therapy may be more effective if it is delivered in conjunction with monitoring of 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine 5'-triphosphate (ara-CTP), the intracellular active metabolite of ara-C derived from BHAC. However, previous monitoring methods for ara-CTP were ...
da Motta P G - - 2001
AIM: The objective of the present study was to assess the efficacy of 2.5% sodium hypochlorite and 2.2% glutaraldehyde ('Cidex') as sterilizing agents for gutta-percha cones. The efficacy of storage of gutta-percha cones in the presence or absence of paraformaldehyde was also evaluated. METHODOLOGY: Gutta-percha cones artificially contaminated with a ...
Li W S - - 2001
The catalytic activity of the bacterial phosphotriesterase (PTE) toward a series of chiral analogues of the chemical warfare agents sarin and soman was measured. Chemical procedures were developed for the chiral syntheses of the S(P)- and R(P)-enantiomers of O-isopropyl p-nitrophenyl methylphosphonate (sarin analogue) in high enantiomeric excess. The R(P)-enantiomer of ...
Kraft M - - 2001
We have previously shown that patients with nocturnal worsening of asthma (nocturnal asthma) exhibit increased parenchymal inflammation at night. To evaluate the functional significance of this parenchymal inflammation, 10 subjects with nocturnal asthma (NA), four subjects with non-nocturnal asthma (NNA), and four normal control subjects underwent bronchoscopy with measurement of ...
Hecht S - - 2001
Recombinant 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate synthase of Bacillus subtilis was used for the preparation of isotope-labeled 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate using isotope-labeled glucose and/or isotope-labeled pyruvate as starting materials. The simple one-pot methods described afford almost every conceivable isotopomer of 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate carrying (13)C or (14)C from commercially available precursors with an overall yield ...
Gound T G - - 2001
A simulated curved root canal in a resin block was enlarged to size 40 and used to compare the depth of accessory cone penetration and weight of obturation occurring with the use of different obturation techniques and spreader-accessory cone combinations. Twelve groups, each consisting of 10 obturations, were created. A ...
Fang J Y - - 2001
The aim of this present study was to investigate the in vitro transdermal iontophoretic delivery of three diclofenac salts--diclofenac sodium (DFS), diclofenac potassium (DFP), and diclofenac diethylammonium (DFD). A series of physicochemical and electrical variables which might affect iontophoretic permeation of diclofenac salts was studied. Application of 0.3 mA/cm2 current ...
Strayer A - - 2001
Chiari malformations are cerebellar anomalies. The four types of Chiari malformations, as described more than 100 years ago by Dr. Hans Chiari, have neither anatomic nor embryologic correlation. Their only commonality is that they all involve the cerebellum. Chiari I malformation consists of herniation of the cerebellar tonsils into the ...
Tiltman A J - - 2001
AIMS: To establish an immunohistochemical profile of presumed female adnexal mesonephric tumours (FATWO) for diagnostic purposes and to compare the findings with those of mesonephric and paramesonephric derivatives in order to establish supportive evidence for a mesonephric origin. METHODS AND RESULTS: Standard immunohistochemistry was performed on formalin-fixed tissues. Tumours, mesonephric ...
Sugawara J - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to investigate the diurnal variation and chronotype differences, i.e., in morning-types and evening-types, in post-exercise vagal reactivation. Twelve healthy male college students who were classified as morning-type (6) and evening-type (6), based on responses to a questionnaire, participated in this study. Postexercise vagal reactivation ...
Belk K E - - 2001
Four experiments were conducted, using carcasses from cattle identified for anticipated variability in tenderness (Exp. 1, 2, and 3) and carcasses selected for variability in physiological maturity and marbling score (Exp. 4), to evaluate the ability of the Tendertec Mark III Beef Grading Probe (Tendertec) to predict tenderness of steaks ...
Jason L J - - 2001
The MgCl2-induced folding of defined 12-mer nucleosomal arrays, in which ubiquitinated histone H2A (uH2A) replaced H2A, was analyzed by quantitative agarose gel electrophoresis and analytical centrifugation. Both types of analysis showed that uH2A arrays attained a degree of compaction similar to that of control arrays in 2 mM MgCl2. These ...
Ebben W P - - 2001
This article describes the results of a survey of the practices of National Football League strength and conditioning (NFL S&C) coaches. The response rate was 87% (26 of 30). This survey examines survey participant (a) background information, (b) physical testing, (c) flexibility development, (d) speed development, (e) plyometrics, (f) strength/power ...
Morandin L A - - 2001
Laboratory studies were conducted to assess tomato, Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. (Solanaceae), quality in relation to the level of buzz-pollination by bumble bees. Studies were conducted in commercial tomato greenhouses in the Leamington, Ontario, area to categorize bruising of tomato anther cones by bumble bees into five levels of bruising. The ...
Sakai S - - 2001
The substance flow rate of PBDDs/DFs into flue gas and incineration residues from incineration of three types of waste samples containing brominated flame retardants were examined. The samples used consisted of PBDEs (a typical retardant), used TV casing materials (actual waste materials), and waste printed circuit boards. PBDDs/DFs concentrations in ...
Buttarello M - - 2001
We performed a parallel evaluation of 5 automated reticulocyte analyzers. The guidelines were those proposed by the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards and the International Council for Standardisation in Haematology. Duplicate analyses were performed for 225 healthy subjects and 115 patients affected by various diseases. The reference intervals were ...
Fischer D - - 2001
The results of the second Critical Assessment of Fully Automated Structure Prediction (CAFASP2) are presented. The goals of CAFASP are to (i) assess the performance of fully automatic web servers for structure prediction, by using the same blind prediction targets as those used at CASP4, (ii) inform the community of ...
Smith E H - - 2001
Levee sump systems are used by many riverine communities for temporary storage of urban wet weather flows. The complex hydraulics and transport of stormwater pollutants in sump systems, however, have not been systematically studied. The objective of this work is to present a case study, utilizing a relatively simple and ...
Kanazawa S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of grapefruit juice on the pharmacokinetics of erythromycin. METHODS: The effects of grapefruit juice intake on the pharmacokinetics of erythromycin were investigated in six healthy male volunteers, who received 400 mg erythromycin with either water or grapefruit juice. The measurement of erythromycin in plasma samples ...
Clark L J - - 2001
Roots of 3-d-old pea seedlings (Pisum sativum L.) were mechanically impeded using a sand core apparatus, which allowed mechanical impedance to be varied independently of aeration and water status. Turgor of root cortical cells was then measured using a pressure probe. In seedlings grown in sand cores for 1 d, ...
Lopez-Sanchez C - - 2001
By constructing avian transplantation chimeras using fluorescently-labeled grafts and antibodies specific for grafted cells, we have generated a prospective fate map of the primitive streak and epiblast of the avian blastoderm at intermediate primitive-streak stages (stages 3a/3b). This high-resolution map confirms our previous study on the origin of the cardiovascular ...
Chi C H - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although many studies have examined the reasons for repeated use of emergency medical service (EMS), little information is available concerning repeated ambulance use in Taiwan. This study evaluated the characteristics of repeated EMS ambulance use in an urban EMS system in Taiwan. METHODS: Data from a local ...
Roldão J - - 2001
Field observations of the Ipanema Beach, Rio de Janeiro, ocean sewage outfall are presented. Measurements of dilution and other wastefield characteristics were obtained by adding dye tracer to the effluent and measuring in-situ. Simultaneous measurements of oceanographic conditions were made by Acoustic Doppler Current Profilers, thermistor strings, and profiling instruments. ...
Ignatius A A - - 2001
Combining a bioactive ceramic with a resorbable polymer may improve the biocompatibility and the osseointegration of degradable fracture fixation devices. This study reports on the mechanical properties and degradation behavior of two composite pins made of poly(L,DL-lactide) and 10 and 30% beta-tricalcium phosphate (TCP), respectively. The pins were compared to ...
Wang R F - - 2000
PURPOSE: To investigate the additive ocular hypotensive effect of brimonidine, dorzolamide, latanoprost, or artificial tears to timolol in monkey eyes with laser-induced unilateral glaucoma. METHODS: Eight monkeys were used and each animal received all four combinations of drugs in a randomized fashion during the study. The washout period between each ...
Kurth C - - 2000
Artificial neural networks are widely used for pattern recognition tasks. For spike detection in electroencephalography (EEG), feedforward networks trained by the backpropagation algorithm are preferred by most authors. Opposed to this, we examined the off-line spike detection abilities of a Kohonen feature map (KFM), which is different from feedforward networks ...
Lechtreck K F - - 2000
Polyglutamylation is a widely distributed posttranslational modification of tubulin that can be demonstrated either by biochemical analysis or by the use of specific antibodies like GT335. Western blotting using GT335 demonstrated that polyglutamylated tubulin is enriched in isolated basal apparatus of Spermatozopsis similis. Single- and double-labeling experiments, using indirect immunofluorescence ...
Rakover Y - - 2000
The recommendation of Anderson and Steele, for the use of ear drops four times a day, has not been changed since 1948. In order to re-evaluate the frequency of using ear drops, we examined the duration of the effectiveness of the antibacterial activity of gentamicin ear drops in external otitis. ...
Thomsen L - - 2000
The formation in vivo of Entomophthora muscae resting spores was investigated in the host, Delia radicum (cabbage root fly), by analysis of field data on the seasonal occurrence of E. muscae resting spores over 4 years. E. muscae resting spores in D. radicum were spherical with an average diameter of ...
Aanen D K - - 2000
To reconstruct the evolution of reproductive isolation in the ectomycorrhizal Hebeloma crustuliniforme aggregate (Basidiomycetes), phylogenetic relationships were determined between strains that belong to a clade consisting of nine intercompatibility groups (ICGs, biological species). Four of these nine ICGs are partially compatible and belong to the H. crustuliniforme aggregate. Different levels ...
Shin Y C - - 2000
Chromium exists at various valences, including elemental, trivalent, and hexavalent chromium, and undergoes reduction-oxidation reactions in the environment. Since hexavalent chromium is known as a human carcinogen, it is most important to evaluate the oxidation-reduction characteristics of the hexavalent chromium species. Although hexavalent chromium can be reduced to trivalent state, ...
McNeill K M - - 2000
A large outbreak of adenovirus type 4-associated acute respiratory disease (ARD) occurred at Fort Jackson, South Carolina, in 1997. A laboratory-based ARD surveillance program was initiated at Fort Gordon, Georgia, where advanced individual training was heavily populated with Fort Jackson soldiers. Adenovirus type 4 was isolated from 50% of 147 ...
Taherzadeh M J - - 2000
The physiological effects of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) on Saccharomyces cerevisiae CBS 8066 in the presence and absence of furfural were studied. Experiments were carried out by pulse addition of HMF (2-4 g/l) as well as HMF (2 g/l) together with furfural (2 g/l) to batch cultivations of S. cerevisiae. Synthetic medium ...
Gyo K - - 2000
A piezoelectric device was developed for assessment of stapes mobility during middle ear surgery. The device comprises a pair of ceramic bimorph elements: one for activation of the stapes and the other to pick up the vibration as an electric output, which varies in accordance with the stapes mobility, ie, ...
Gold D R - - 2000
BACKGROUND: We investigated associations between ambient pollution levels and cardiovascular function in a repeated measures study including 163 observations on twenty-one 53- to 87-year-old active Boston residents observed up to 12 times from June to September 1997. Particles with aerodynamic diameter </=2.5 microm (PM(2.5)) were measured continuously using a tapered ...
Abt E - - 2000
An intensive particle monitoring study was conducted in homes in the Boston, Massachusetts, area during the winter and summer of 1996 in an effort to characterize sources of indoor particles. As part of this study, continuous particle size and mass concentration data were collected in four single-family homes, with each ...
Schmidt K J - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to compare nickel-titanium and stainless-steel spreader penetration in curved canals. Twenty prepared plastic blocks with a 30 degrees curvature were used for each part of the study. In part 1, the force required to insert each spreader to within 1 mm of working length ...
Tamboura H H - - 2000
Based on monthly recorded data collected from 1987 to1997 in all official slaughter houses across the country, this study analyzes the trends of ruminant meat production and importance of meat condemnations by veterinary inspection in Burkina Faso. The average beef production per year is estimated at 6.717.5 + or - ...
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