Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 539
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Kukowski A C - - 2004
One hundred thirty-eight consumers evaluated steaks from the complexus (CX), infraspinatus (IF), serratus ventralis (SV), supraspinatus (SS), and triceps brachii (TB) from the wholesale beef chuck; the deep pectoral (DP) from the wholesale brisket; and the longissimus thoracis (LT) from the wholesale rib. The LT was used as a reference ...
Fujita Hideaki - - 2004
The role of tropomyosin (Tm) in the elementary steps of the cross-bridge cycle in bovine myocardium was investigated. The thin filament was selectively removed using gelsolin (thin filament severing protein), and the actin filament was reconstituted from G-actin. Tm was further reconstituted without troponin (Tn), and the kinetic constants of ...
Aoki K - - 2004
AIM: The aim of the present study was to test for a time-of-day effect on sweating responses to activation of the muscle metaboreflex. METHODS: Eight male subjects each participated in two exercise sessions, one in the morning and one in the evening. Within each session there were two 60-s bouts ...
Lustyk Mary Katleen B - - 2004
Premenstrual symptomatology, stress, quality of life (QOL) and exercise frequency, volume, and intensity were assessed in 114 females (18-33 years). Based on premenstrual symptoms (PMS), women were divided into high and low PMS groups and compared on stress, QOL and exercise variables. Results revealed women with high PMS had significantly ...
Kirchheiner Julia - - 2004
CYP2C9 catalyses the biotransformation of the oral anticoagulants S-warfarin and R- and S-acenocoumarol. According to data obtained in vitro, phenprocoumon is also metabolized by CYP2C9 but the impact of the CYP2C9 polymorphism on phenprocoumon pharmacokinetics has not been studied. Twenty-six healthy heterozygous and homozygous carriers of the CYP2C9 alleles *1 ...
Peternel Renata - - 2004
The aim of the study was to analyse the relationship between meteorological conditions and Alternaria and Cladosporium spore concentrations in the air of Zagreb in August 2002 and August 2003. These months were chosen because they represented climatic extremes. A 7-day VPPS 2000 Hirst volumetric pollen and spore trap was ...
Botega Daniela Maffei - - 2004
This study aimed at establishing the polymerization time of a microwave-cured acrylic resin (AcronTM MC), simultaneously processing 2, 4, and 6 flasks. Required time was measured according to the parameters: monomer release in water, Knoop hardness, and porosity. Samples were made with AcronTM MC in different shapes: rectangular (32 x ...
Hartsuiker Robert J - - 2003
In three experiments, we investigated whether the production of subject-verb number agreement is affected by the phonological realization of grammatical information. Speakers repeated and completed German or Dutch noun phrases along the lines of The position against the demonstrations. We varied the number of the subject noun (position) and the ...
Takagi Shozo - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Self-hardening calcium phosphate cements (CPC) have been shown to be efficacious in a number of clinical applications. For some applications it is desirable to have CPC in a non-rigid resorbable elastomeric matrix. In the present study, chitosan was evaluated as the matrix for preparing CPC-chitosan composites. METHODS: Cement specimens ...
DiPalma Jack A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: In an attempt to improve patient tolerance for colonoscopy cleansing, a reduced volume lavage regimen with 2 L sulfate-free electrolyte lavage solution (SF-ELS, NuLYTELY, Braintree Laboratories, Braintree, MA) plus 20 mg p.o. bisacodyl (Half Lytely, Braintree Laboratories) was compared with standard 4 L SF-ELS lavage for safety and efficacy. ...
Timmer C J - - 2003
In an open-label, randomized, crossover study, the pharmacokinetics of gepirone immediate-release (gepirone-IR) and different gepirone extended-release (gepirone-ER, types 1, 2, and 3) formulations were compared. Mean maximum concentration (C(max)) was 6.1 ng/mL for gepirone-IR, which was statistically significantly (p < 0.05) higher than that of two of the ER-formulations (3.7 ...
Sumby Paul - - 2003
The phase-variable phage growth limitation (Pgl) system of Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) is an unusual bacteriophage resistance mechanism that confers protection against the temperate phage phiC31 and homoimmune relatives. Pgl is subject to phase variation, and data presented here show that this is at least partially due to expansion and contraction ...
Maraki S - - 2003
The present study reports about the effect of doxycycline and/or metronidazole on colonization by Candida organisms of the human gastrointestinal (GI), oropharyngeal tract and vagina. Treatment with doxycycline or metronidazole for 10 days increased, but not significantly, the GI, oropharyngeal or vaginal colonization by Candida species. The combination of doxycycline ...
Timm R R - - 2003
Two experiments were conducted to investigate mechanical measures of tenderness on uncooked USDA Select longissimus muscle as a means to predict Warner-Bratzler shear force (WBSF) and trained sensory panel tenderness (SPT) of cooked steaks. In Exp. 1, strip loins (n = 24) were aged 14 d postmortem and fabricated into ...
Cavitt L C - - 2003
Studies were conducted to develop a non-destructive method for monitoring the rate of rigor mortis development in poultry and to evaluate the effectiveness of electrical stimulation (ES). In the first study, 36 male broilers in each of two trials were processed at 7 wk of age. After being bled, half ...
Situ Ping - - 2003
PURPOSE: Should successful monovision contact lens wearers be refitted with bifocal lenses? METHODS: Fifty current monovision lens wearers were fitted with ACUVUE Bifocal contact lenses (Johnson & Johnson Vision Care, Jacksonville, FL). Visual function and subjective vision ratings were assessed with habitual monovision lenses at the first visit and then ...
Argenta Luiz C - - 2003
d'Anjou cv. pear fruit (Pyrus communis L.) exposed at harvest to 0, 0.42, 4.2, or 42 micromol m(-)(3) 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) for 12 h at 20 degrees C were stored at 1 degrees C for up to 8 months. After storage, half of the fruit was continuously exposed to ethylene (0.45 ...
Cooper Amy V - - 2003
Fibrinogen gammaA/gamma' results from alternative splicing of mRNA. This variant, which constitutes approximately 8% to 15% of plasma fibrinogen, contains FXIII and thrombin binding sites. Our objective was to investigate whether gammaA/gamma' differs in fibrin formation and structure from the more common variant gammaA/gammaA. Both variants were separated and purified ...
Krützen Michael - - 2003
Male bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp.) in Shark Bay have one of the most complex male societies outside humans. Two broad mating strategies have been identified in males. In the first strategy, there are two types of alliances: stable 'first-order' pairs and trios that herd individual females in reproductive condition, and ...
Cyrys Josef - - 2003
Here we compare PM(2.5) (particles with aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 microm) mass and filter absorbance measurements with elemental carbon (EC) concentrations measured in parallel at the same site as well as collocated PM(2.5) and PM(10) (particles with aerodynamic diameter less than 10 microm) mass and absorbance measurements. The data ...
Rozin A - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The seasonal effect on the relapse of rheumatoid arthritis and spondyloarthropathies is still unclear. To assess the seasonal distribution of relapse onset in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and spondyloarthropathy (SpA) and its association with solar factors. METHODS: The monthly distribution of relapse onsets during the years 1998-2000 was ...
Dores Eliana Freire Gaspar de Carvalho - - 2003
DDT was used intensively in vector control programs in Mato Grosso State until 1997. The present study aimed to determine DDT concentrations in blood samples from Brazilian National Health Foundation workers in Mato Grosso. Blood samples were analyzed from 41 sprayers, 20 drivers, and 14 unexposed workers, collected in June ...
Miller Ryan P - - 2003
Four herbicides [glyphosate (GLYT), an amino acid synthesis inhibitor; glufosinate (GLUF), a glutamine synthetase inhibitor; fomesafen (FOME), a protoporphyrinogen oxidase inhibitor, and chlorimuron ethyl (CLIM), an acetolactate synthase inhibitor] were used to examine the influence of time of day of application on the control of a variety of annual broadleaf ...
Rundell Kenneth W - - 2003
The high prevalence of airway dysfunction among ice arena athletes may be related to rink air exposure; in particular, high concentrations of ultrafine and fine particulate matter (0.02-1.0 micro m diameter, PM(1)) from ice resurfacing machines may enhance airway inflammation and hyperreactivity. The purpose of this study was to identify ...
Starch Michael S - - 2003
The development of silicone elastomers with hydrophilic functionality in the form of PEG substituents provides benefits beyond the rheology modification (thickening) that can be achieved with silicone elastomers that lack functional substituents. We have shown that PEG-modified dimethicone crosspolymer (PEG-DCP) is an effective emulsifier for water-in-silicone (w/s) emulsions where the ...
Qiu Xiao - - 2003
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) has long been recognized for its beneficial effect in humans, but its biosynthetic pathway has not been clearly established until recently. According to Sprecher, in mammals, DHA is synthesized via a retro-conversion process in peroxisomes-the aerobic delta4 desaturation-independent pathway. Recent identification of a Thraustochytrium delta4 desaturase indicates ...
Rodríguez Sergio - - 2003
Time series (1996-2000) of levels of PM (PM10 and TSP) and gaseous pollutants recorded in air quality monitoring networks from Northeastern Spain were interpreted using meteorological data and satellite observations of African dust plumes. The main objective of this study was to identify the processes affecting time variations of PM ...
Leuba Sanford H - - 2003
We have used magnetic tweezers to study in real time chaperone-mediated chromatin assembly/disassembly at the level of single chromatin fibers. We find a strong dependence of the rate of assembly on the exerted force, with strong inhibition of assembly at forces exceeding 10 pN. During assembly, and especially at higher ...
Marple Virgil A - - 2003
A new seven-stage cascade impactor, the Next Generation Pharmaceutical Impactor (NGI), has been developed for the pharmaceutical industry. A calibration following "good laboratory practice (GLP)" procedures has been performed on a specific archival NGI, deemed to be representative of all NGIs. Thus, this impactor had nozzle dimensions for each stage ...
Artíñano Begoña - - 2003
Non-mineral carbon is the main component of PM10 and PM2.5 at an urban roadside site in Madrid accounting for more than 50% of the total bulk mass in winter pollution episodes. In these cases a 70-80% of the particle mass is anthropogenic. Particles of crustal/mineral origin contribute significantly to the ...
Aoyama M - - 2003
The temporal variation of water column inventories of 137Cs in the North Pacific since the 1960s was examined based on the analysis of the 137Cs profiles in HAM database. 137Cs in seawater in the North Pacific have originated mainly from global fallout from atmospheric nuclear weapons tests, which occurred in ...
Kei Joseph - - 2003
The characteristics of high frequency (1000 Hz) acoustic admittance results obtained from normal neonates were described in this study. Participants were 170 healthy neonates (96 boys and 74 girls) aged between 1 and 6 days (mean = 3.26 days, SD = 0.92). Transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs), and 226 Hz ...
McKee L H - - 2003
Two studies to evaluate peanut brittle containing either raw or roasted peanuts were conducted. In the first study, brittles were prepared in iron, aluminum, stainless steel and nonstick stainless steel pans. In the second study, brittles containing 0, 2 or 4 g of sodium bicarbonate prepared in either stainless steel ...
Tanner C C - - 2003
Performance data, during the start-up period, are presented for constructed wetlands treating subsurface drainage from dairy pastures in Waikato (rain-fed) and Northland (irrigated), North Island, New Zealand. The wetlands comprised an estimated 1 and 2% of the drained catchment areas, respectively. Nitrate concentrations were high in the drainage inflows at ...
Dürrigl M-A - - 2002
Notions of beauty have evolved through history and are culture-specific. In the Western world one concept which has been linked to beauty is that of kalokagathía, an ideal that unites physical beauty and moral value in a human being. This notion was inherited from Antiquity and was modified during the ...
Holmén Britt A - - 2002
This paper addresses how current technologies effective for reducing PM emissions of heavy-duty engines may affect the physical characteristics of the particles emitted. Three in-use transit bus configurations were compared in terms of submicron particle size distributions using simultaneous SMPS measurements under two dilution conditions, a minidiluter and the legislated ...
Kuroki Aki - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a different renal histopathology is associated with the characteristic IgG subclass distribution, and whether a distinct IgG subclass distribution is involved in a unique immunopathological expression, we compared the distributions of glomerular and serum IgG subclasses in diffuse proliferative lupus nephritis (DPLN), membranous LN (MLN), and ...
Zhao Xue-Jun - - 2002
1. Preliminary studies have identified cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 and CYP1B1 as the human CYPs inhibited by tamoxifen. To quantify the inhibitory potency of tamoxifen and its major metabolites, the metabolism of three substrates of CYP3A, midazolam, diltiazem and testosterone, and 7-ethoxyresorufin as a substrate of CYP1B1 were examined in ...
Balasaraswathy P - - 2002
The disadvantages of sunlight as the source of UVA for phototherapy include variation with time, place, season, and atmospheric conditions. In the present study at Coimbatore, India we measured the UVa and UVB irradiance for one year using PMA 2100 meter. UVB irradiance was maximum between 12.00 noon-1.00 p.m (19.50 ...
Wardle Mark - - 2002
A supernova explosion, the final death throe of a massive star, creates an expanding bubble of hot gas that overruns up the surrounding medium. When a supernova remnant encounters a dense interstellar cloud, the compression may trigger gravitational collapse and the formation of a new generation of stars. This event ...
Vergote G J - - 2002
The aim of this study was to evaluate the in-vivo behaviour of matrix pellets formulated with nanocrystalline ketoprofen after oral administration to dogs. No significant differences in AUC-values were seen between pellet formulations containing nanocrystalline or microcrystalline ketoprofen and a commercial ketoprofen formulation (reference: Rofenid 200 Long Acting). C(max) of ...
Ramamurthi Kumaran S - - 2002
Pathogenic Yersinia spp. secrete Yop proteins via the type III pathway. yopQ codons 1 to 15 were identified as a signal necessary and sufficient for the secretion of a fused reporter protein. Frameshift mutations that alter codons 2 to 15 with little alteration of yopQ mRNA sequence do not abolish ...
Ottosson Jenny - - 2002
The temperature dependence of the enantioselectivity of Candida antarctica lipase B for 3-hexanol, 2-butanol, 3-methyl-2-butanol, 3,3-dimethyl-2-butanol, and 1-bromo-2-butanol revealed that the differential activation entropy, deltaR-SdeltaS, was as significant as the differential activation enthalpy, DeltaR-SdeltaH, to the enantiomeric ratio, E. 1-Bromo-2-butanol, with isosteric substituents, displayed the largest deltaR-SdeltaS. 3-Hexanol displayed, contrary ...
Bouckenooghe Alain R - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is the most common pathogen identified in travelers to Mexico with diarrhea. There have been few recent studies looking at the etiology of diarrhea in travelers compared with the local resident population. METHODS: We compared enteric pathogens isolated in two populations experiencing acute diarrhea acquired ...
Maitchouk Dmitri - - 2002
PURPOSE: To evaluate changes in corneal pharmacodynamics after PRK and LASIK in rabbits. METHODS: Two groups of five rabbits (10 eyes) each received PRK and LASIK, and an unoperated third group was used as a control. Dexamethasone, efflumidex, diclofenac, and tobramycin were applied. Anterior chamber aqueous was collected every 20 ...
Karcz Waldemar - - 2002
The physiological activity of exogenous 4-Cl-IAA, as compared to IAA, was examined in maize coleoptile segments. It was found that in this model system 4-Cl-IAA is much more active in the stimulation of elongation than IAA. Simultaneous measurements of growth and external pH indicated that administration of either IAA or ...
Vitello-Cicciu Joan M - - 2002
Emotional intelligence is being touted in the popular literature as an important characteristic for successful leaders. However, caution needs to be exercised regarding the connection between emotional intelligence and workplace success. The author contrasts 2 current models of emotional intelligence, the measurements being used, and the ability of emotional intelligence ...
Suwa Tatsushi - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the effect of exposure to air pollution particulate matter <10 microm (PM(10)) on the progression of atherosclerosis in rabbits. BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies have associated exposure to ambient PM(10) with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. We have previously shown that PM(10) exposure induces a systemic inflammatory ...
Nunes Carla - - 2002
ABSTRACT The potential enhancement of Candida sake (CPA-1) by ammonium molybdate to control blue and gray mold caused by Penicillium expansum and Botrytis cinerea, respectively, on Blanquilla pears was investigated. In laboratory trials, improved control of blue and gray molds was obtained with the application of ammonium molybdate (1, 5, ...
Mirza Reehan S - - 2002
A wide diversity of aquatic organisms release chemical alarm cues when captured by a predator. For most animals, it is not known whether the specific chemicals that comprise the alarm cue are conserved as prey animals age. In this study, we tested whether brook char (Salvelinus fontinalis) can differentiate alarm ...
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