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Debboun Mustapha - - 2005
New formulations of camouflage face paint (CFP), one with 30% N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide (DEET) and the other without DEET, were evaluated for soldier-user acceptability during a military field-training exercise in the Republic of Korea. Soldiers testing the CFP formulations were members of one of four U.S. Army infantry companies (A, B, C, ...
Salminen Simo - - 2005
This study examined the effect of rest breaks on traffic accidents by 720 randomly selected professional drivers who completed a postal questionnaire. Drivers involved in an accident preferred to enjoy their breaks at rest places meant for professional drivers, whereas accident-free drivers chose more freely the timing of their breaks ...
Xie Hanjing H Department of Laboratory Medicine, Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Karolinska Institutet, SE 141-86 Stockholm, - - 2006
A high degree of interindividual variation in cyclophosphamide (CPA) pharmacokinetics was reported in certain cancer patient groups. To better understand the mechanisms underlying the variation in CPA metabolism, we have investigated the pharmacokinetics of CPA and its active metabolite 4-hydroxycyclophosphamide (4-OH-CPA) in patients with hematological tumors. The pharmacokinetics of CPA ...
Le Fèvre O - - 2005
To understand the evolution of galaxies, we need to know as accurately as possible how many galaxies were present in the Universe at different epochs. Galaxies in the young Universe have hitherto mainly been identified using their expected optical colours, but this leaves open the possibility that a significant population ...
Mumma Michael J - - 2005
We quantified eight parent volatiles (H2O, C2H6, HCN, CO, CH3OH, H2CO, C2H2, and CH4) in the Jupiter-family comet Tempel 1 using high-dispersion infrared spectroscopy in the wavelength range 2.8 to 5.0 micrometers. The abundance ratio for ethane was significantly higher after impact, whereas those for methanol and hydrogen cyanide were ...
Mamula P - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The paediatric colonoscopy completion rates have rarely been reported. AIMS: We sought to evaluate colonoscopy completion rate and compare the rates using colonoscope versus enteroscope. METHODS: We prospectively investigated 60 patients who underwent colonoscopy between July 1999 and June 2001. The following data were collected: demographics, type of endoscope ...
O'Brien Kylie B - - 2005
Uptake of the neuromodulator D-serine by isolated larval tiger salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum) retinas was measured using capillary electrophoresis (CE). Excised retinas were incubated in Ringer's solution in the presence of 5 microM D-serine. The supernatant was removed after 30 min, mixed with 4-fluoro-7-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazole (NBD-F) to fluorescently label amines and analyzed ...
Shelton David P - - 2005
VH and HV depolarized hyper-Rayleigh scattering spectra were measured for liquid solutions of dipolar CH3CN in nondipolar C2Cl4 at T=300 K. The VH spectrum contains a strong narrow peak due to a slowly relaxing longitudinal orientation mode. This peak is absent in the HV spectrum, and it disappears from the ...
Howe David A - - 2005
We describe a method based on the total deviation approach whereby we improve the confidence of the estimation of the Hadamard deviation that is used primarily in global positioning system (GPS) operations. The Hadamard-total deviation described in this paper provides a significant improvement in confidence indicated by an increase of ...
Eelen Guy - - 2005
The active form of Vitamin D, 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) [1,25-(OH)(2)D(3)], has potent antiproliferative actions on various normal and malignant cells. Calcemic effects, however, hamper therapeutic application of 1,25-(OH)(2)D(3) in hyperproliferative diseases. Two 14-epi-analogs of 1,25-(OH)(2)D(3) namely 19-nor-14-epi-23-yne-1,25-(OH)(2)D(3) (TX522) and 19-nor-14,20-bisepi-23-yne-1,25-(OH)(2)D(3) (TX527), display reduced calcemic effects coupled to an (at least 10-fold) ...
Hausman Debra S - - 2005
On-line Raman spectroscopy was used to evaluate the effect of blending time on low dose, 1%, blend uniformity of azimilide dihydrochloride. An 8 qt blender was used for the experiments and instrumented with a Raman probe through the I-bar port. The blender was slowed to 6.75 rpm to better illustrate ...
Naidoo Dashnie - - 2005
Toddaliopsins A-D, four novel 1,2,3-trioxygenated acridone alkaloids, have been isolated from the leaves of Toddaliopsis bremekampii. Toddaliopsins B-D are the first reported acridone alkaloids with substituted N-methyl groups, in the light of which the chemotaxonomic relationship of Toddaliopsis and Vepris is discussed. Toddaliopsin C possesses moderate anti-inflammatory activity, which may ...
Karalius Vidmantas - - 2005
Sex attractants were established for one Brachodidae, three Choreutidae and two Tineidae moth species during field screening tests with (2E,13Z)-octadecadien-1-al, (2E,13Z)-, (3E,13Z)-, (3Z,13Z)-octadecadien-1-ols and their acetates (2E,13Z-18:Ald, 2E,13Z-, 3E,13Z-, 3Z,13Z-18:OH/OAc) as well as of binary mixtures of these compounds in West-Kazakhstan and Lithuania. Males of Brachodes appendiculata were attracted by ...
Rahman S - - 2005
AIM: To test the null hypothesis that Carisolv is no more effective than 1% sodium hypochlorite in cleaning uninstrumented, immature root canals. METHODOLOGY: A total of 240 uniform, immature ovine incisors were decoronated at the CEJ level and randomly divided into four groups of 60. After gross pulp extirpation, canals ...
Koyama Hiroyuki - - 2005
In this study, we investigated the effects of inclined and raised flat boards on the take-off motion of the long jump to determine the effectiveness of these boards as training tools. Eight male long jumpers were videotaped with two high-speed video cameras (250 Hz) set perpendicular to the runway. Four ...
Hallböök Helene - - 2005
We evaluated the in vitro activity of imatinib on BCR-ABL-positive and -negative tumor cells from patients with adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), and investigated in vitro interactions between imatinib and conventional agents. A non-clonogenic cytotoxicity assay was used to analyze p190 BCR-ABL-positive (n = 4), p210 BCR-ABL-positive (n = 2) ...
Romano Maria - - 2006
Intersexual and intrasexual variation in second to fourth digit length (2D:4D) in humans may result from differential exposure to fetal testosterone. 2D:4D predicts several physiological, psychological and performance traits in adulthood. These relationships may reflect the 'pleiotropic' effects of testosterone on development of digits and diverse organ systems, which are ...
Jahan M Sarwar - - 2006
The chemical, morphological and anatomical studies of golpata fronds have been discussed. The lignin, pentosan and alpha-cellulose in golpata fronds were comparable to some common nonwood and hardwood raw materials. The alkali, water and dichloromethane solubility were higher than wood and common nonwood. The fiber length 1.73 mm was observed, ...
Yang Yaling - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although studies of neurologic patients have suggested that prefrontal structural impairments may predispose to sociopathy, it is unknown whether there is a relationship between psychopathy and prefrontal volume in individuals from the community and whether any prefrontal structural impairment is specific to "unsuccessful" (caught) psychopaths as opposed to "successful" ...
ter Avest Ewoud - - 2005
Although it is often recommended to standardize the time of day when performing non-invasive measurements of vascular function, the exact influence of the time of day on the outcome of IMT (intima-media thickness), PWV (pulse wave velocity), AIX (augmentation index) and FMD (flow-mediated dilatation) measurements has not been reported before. ...
Bodlaj Gerd - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Arterial stiffness is at least partially controlled by vascular tone. Vascular tone and underlying physiological processes, e.g. sympathetic activity, have been shown to follow diurnal variations. METHODS: This study investigated whether arterial stiffness and perfusion of subendocardial myocardium relative to cardiac workload show diurnal variations under physiological conditions. The ...
Appenzeller Brice M R - - 2005
Carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT) was quantified in 408 blood specimens, randomly selected from 1260 drivers apprehended and submitted to blood alcohol concentration (BAC) determination. The first step of the study was to observe whether a BAC based pre-evaluation was relevant for deciding to test drivers for chronic alcohol abuse. For this ...
Abbas Ali - - 2005
Previous research conducted into the use of the human ear in the field of forensic identification has focused upon the use of grids and manual methods to measure and catalogue the different anatomical features of the ear. To date, few have considered the importance of the presence of ear piercings ...
Zoppi Angela - - 2005
The Raman spectrum of hematite (alpha-Fe2O3) is here discussed as a distinctive feature for Terra Sigillata sample wares. The broadening of the Raman lines and the appearance and increasing of the disorder band at 660 cm(-1), while moving from the external slip to the inner body, are proposed as valuation ...
Bello-Pérez L A - - 2005
Mango (Mangifera indica) is a fruit that grows in tropical regions. The aim of this work was to isolate the starch from two varieties of mango highly consumed in Mexico ("criollo" and "manila"), and to evaluate its chemical composition, along with some morphological, physicochemical and functional properties. Mango starch had ...
Kasimanickam Ramanathan - - 2005
This study compares cytobrush and lavage techniques for the assessment of endometrial cytology (EC) in clinically normal postpartum dairy cows. The EC samples were collected from Holstein cows (n = 35) during visit 1 (V1) at 20 to 33 d in milk (DIM) and 2 wk later during visit 2 ...
Opiyo Arnold M - - 2005
The responses of cherry tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum var. cerasiforme) fruits to post-harvest treatment with 1-MCP were investigated. The maturity stage at which 1-MCP application is most effective in delaying the ripening process was determined, and then the effects of different concentrations (0, 0.035, 0.07 and 0.11 microL/L) of 1-MCP on ...
Halcomb S Eliza - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of co-ingested diphenhydramine (DPH) or oxycodone (OXY) on the absorption kinetics of simulated acetaminophen (APAP) overdose. METHODS: This was an institutional review board-approved, prospective crossover study of ten healthy human volunteers ingesting 5 grams of APAP, 5 grams of APAP + 250 mg of DPH ...
Devlaeminck Rebecca - - 2005
Throughfall deposition and canopy exchange of acidifying and eutrophying compounds and major base cations were studied by means of throughfall analysis in a deciduous beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) forest edge in Belgium over a period of 1 year. Throughfall fluxes of Cl(-), NH(4)(+) and Na(+) were significantly elevated at the ...
Jhala A - - 2005
Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) productivity in India is low, because of many problems beset in its cultivation. One of the serious problems are weeds. Groundnut yield losses due to weeds have been estimated as high as 24 to 70 percent. This has created a scope for using herbicides in groundnut ...
Ikeda Yoshiyuki - - 2005
This study used mucin immunohistochemistry to investigate differences in the properties of intestinal metaplasia between the antrum and body of the stomach in 28 resected specimens. Intestinal metaplasia was classified as: (1) small intestinal metaplasia (SIM) with a tubule, including CD10-positive brush border on a background of MUC5AC-/ HGM-negative cells; ...
Anderson Gretchen - - 2005
This was the first study known to the authors exploring workforce data from the New South Wales Physiotherapists Registration Board over several decades. Labour force statistics were examined from various data sources over the years 1975 to 2002. The results indicate that the demographics and working patterns of physiotherapists in ...
Bartlett Paul C - - 2005
Estimates of canine and feline euthanasia at U.S. animal shelters--largely based on voluntary surveys with low response rates--make it difficult to estimate the population from which the euthanized animals derive. Estimates of euthanasia rates (animals euthanized per unit of population) have varied widely and been available only sporadically. This study ...
Fujisawa Tomoyuki - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the difference in clinical features and prognosis of patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD) comparing polymyositis (PM) and dermatomyositis (DM). METHODS: Medical records of 28 ILD patients with PM/DM (16 PM-ILD, 12 DM-ILD) were reviewed retrospectively. RESULTS: Serum CPK concentrations were significantly higher in PM-ILD than in ...
Kumar Rakesh - - 2005
1-Ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide (EDC) was tested for interference with the Lowry method of protein determination. The EDC interference was nearly additive at both 660 and 750 nm. Blue-colored complex developed in the case of EDC and showed maximum absorbance at 750 nm, similar to the bovine serum albumin (BSA) estimation. In ...
Kim Ki-Hyun - - 2005
The concentrations of three different size fractions of particulate matter (PM) including PM2.5, PM10, and TSP were determined continuously at hourly intervals from four different sites in Seoul, Korea during the spring of 2001. To learn the effects of wind speed change on PM fractionation, the entire data sets were ...
Bourassa D V - - 2004
Experiments were conducted to determine the effect of prechill trisodium phosphate (TSP) treatment on reducing salmonellae recovery from broiler carcasses immediately after chilling or following 7 d of storage. Carcasses were sampled for salmonellae using whole carcass enrichment for 24 h at 37 degrees C. In each of 7 trials, ...
De Girolamo Annalisa - - 2004
The occurrence of 6-methoxymellein (6-MM) in fresh and conventionally processed carrot products (for a total of 176 samples) marketed in European locations and the effect of Alternaria spp. infection and storage conditions on 6-MM accumulation were investigated. 6-MM was found in 78% of tested samples with levels ranging from 0.02 ...
Kotloff Karen L - - 2004
BACKGROUND: We created a live, attenuated, oral Shigella vaccine by constructing a lineage of guanine auxotrophs and conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to ascertain (1) the attenuation profile of Delta guaBA Shigella flexneri 2a, which harbors deletions in the guanine nucleotide synthesis pathway (CVD 1204); (2) additional attenuation conferred by ...
Kirchheiner Julia - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: In the treatment of heart failure and hypertension with metoprolol, ultrarapid metabolizers (UMs) may not achieve optimal target concentrations with recommended doses. We compared metoprolol pharmacokinetics and effects in UMs with extensive metabolizers (EMs) and with poor metabolizers (PM) as an additional reference group. METHODS: After a single dose ...
Tufekcioglu Aydin - - 2004
In this study, influence of slope position (south-facing vs. north-facing), species type and sampling time on fine (0-2 mm), small (2-5 mm) and coarse (5-10 mm) root biomass and carbon storage of oriental spruce (Picea orientalis) and oriental beech (Fagus orientalis) were investigated. Mean total root biomass of oriental spruce ...
Stephens J W - - 2004
Two experiments were conducted to determine the effectiveness of using mechanical probes and objective color measurement on beef LM to predict cooked tenderness. In Exp. 1, sharp needle (SN), sharp blade (SB), blunt needle (BN), blunt blade (BB), and plumb bob (PB) probes were used to measure uncooked LM (n ...
Teppler Hedy - - 2004
Ertapenem is a Group 1 carbapenem that was licensed in the USA in November 2001 and in Europe in April 2002. Its safety profile has been assessed in 240 healthy volunteers participating in 12 clinical pharmacology studies and in 2046 patients enrolled in five Phase IIa and eight Phase IIb/III ...
Terrón M P - - 2004
A functional connection between the pineal gland (via the hormone melatonin) and the immune system has been suggested. In our previous results in the ring dove, we observed diurnal oscillations in the levels of this neurohormone in young animals and a decline in its plasma levels with advancing age (which ...
Nelson J L - - 2004
Beef carcasses (n = 150) of A-maturity were selected randomly to determine baseline shear force and sensory panel ratings, assess variation in tenderness, and evaluate mean value differences between Certified Angus Beef (CAB), commodity Choice, and Select steaks. Three steaks were removed from the triceps brachii (TB), longissimus lumborum (LL), ...
Buzás Zsuzsanna - - 2004
In sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), moving boundaries I-IV (Table 1) form. They migrate isotachophoretically at displacement rates that increase in the order of I to II to III. Moving boundaries IV and V comprising Pyronin-SDS as a leading constituent are retarded at high gel concentrations in comparison with ...
Ganguly S - - 2004
The study reports on the genesis of domestic sewage in a predominantly residential university campus area ofDhanbad, Jharkhand. The domestic sewage has been collected from three different locations of the campus area and their physicochemical characteristics have been studied. These studies reveal that the extent of mineral pick-up is different ...
Da Silva Eric - - 2004
In this paper, we describe the haemolytic effect of parent para-sulphonato-calix-[n]-arenes and their derivatives bearing one pendant group at the lower rim of calix-arene towards human erythrocytes. A maximum of 30% of haemolysis has been observed for para-sulphonato-calix-[8]-arene for a concentration of 200 mM representing 300 g of calix-arene per ...
Vuthaluru H B - - 2004
Investigations into the pyrolytic behaviour during co-pyrolysis of coal, biomass materials and coal/biomass blends prepared at different ratios (10:90, 20:80, 30:70 and 50:50) have been conducted using a thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) apparatus. The coal sample selected was Collie sub-bituminous coal from Western Australia, while wood waste (WW) and wheat straw ...
Racinais S - - 2004
The aim of this study was to establish the effect of time of day on maximal anaerobic leg power in a tropical environment (French West Indies). Twenty-three physical education students (15 males and 8 females) who trained 10.5 hours a week (SD 6) volunteered to participate in the study. Their ...
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