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Meletiadis Joseph - - 2007
Antifungal agents may differ in their fungicidal activities against Aspergillus spp. In order to compare the fungicidal activities of voriconazole and amphotericin B against 40 isolates of Aspergillus fumigatus, A. flavus, and A. terreus, we developed a new microbroth colorimetric method for assessing fungicidal activities and determining minimal fungicidal concentrations ...
Wheeler T L - - 2007
The objectives of this study were 1) to determine which longissimus thoracis et lumborum steaks were appropriate for slice shear force measurement and 2) to determine the among and within institution variation in LM slice shear force values of 6 institutions after they received expert training on the procedure and ...
Sorg Isabel - - 2007
YscU is an essential component of the export apparatus of the Yersinia injectisome. It consists of an N-terminal transmembrane domain and a long cytoplasmic C-terminal domain, which undergoes auto-cleavage at a NPTH site. Substitutions N263A and P264A prevented cleavage of YscU and abolished export of LcrV, YopB and YopD but ...
Li Zhaohui - - 2007
Chromate transport through columns packed with zeolite/zero valent iron (Z/ZVI) pellets, either untreated or treated with the cationic surfactant hexadecyltrimethylammonium (HDTMA), was studied at different flow rates. In the presence of sorbed HDTMA, the chromate retardation factor increased by a factor of five and the pseudo first-order rate constant for ...
Oliviero C - - 2008
We investigated the effect of two types of housing on the duration of farrowing and the physiology of sows before and after farrowing. We assigned 20 sows (PEN) to farrowing pens (210 cm x 335 cm) enriched with straw bedding and 18 sows (CRATE) were placed in farrowing crates (80 ...
Yamaguchi Masaki - - 2007
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the usefulness of salivary amylase activity as an indicator of the acute psychological sedative effects of fragrances used in household products such as clothing softeners. Twenty seven healthy Philippine female subjects in their late 30 s were enrolled (38.7+/-5.2 yr). This study ...
Ueda Tetsuo - - 2007
This study was conducted to assess the effect of pupil size on dynamic visual acuity (DVA). 60 young healthy men (M = 28.1 yr., SD = 3.9) with normal vision were divided into three age-matched groups by pupil size: dilated (n=20), unchanged (n=20), and constricted (n=20). DVA was measured binocularly ...
Seddighi Mohammad Reza - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate effects of small intestinal submucosa (SIS) on elution properties of plaster of Paris (POP). SAMPLE POPULATION: 27 POP cylinders, 27 POP spheres, and 9 polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) spheres. PROCEDURES: Pellets were loaded with gentamicin (50 mg/g) and divided into 7 groups of 9 beads each: PMMA spheres; POP ...
Kicheva Anna - - 2007
In the developing fly wing, secreted morphogens such as Decapentaplegic (Dpp) and Wingless (Wg) form gradients of concentration providing positional information. Dpp forms a longer-range gradient than Wg. To understand how the range is controlled, we measured the four key kinetic parameters governing morphogen spreading: the production rate, the effective ...
Yeatts Karin - - 2007
We investigated whether markers of airway and systemic inflammation, as well as heart rate variability (HRV) in asthmatics, change in response to fluctuations in ambient particulate matter (PM) in the coarse [PM with aerodynamic diameter 2.5-10 microm (PM(2.5-10))] and fine (PM(2.5)) size range. Twelve adult asthmatics, living within a 30-mile ...
Wang Zhang-wei - - 2007
An investigation of gaseous elemental mercury concentration in atmosphere was conducted at Beijing and Guangzhou urban, Yangtze Delta regional sites and China Global Atmosphere Watch Baseline Observatory (CGAWBO) in Mt. Waliguan of remote continental area of China. High temporal resolved data were obtained using automated mercury analyzer RA-915+. Results showed ...
Fynbo Johan P U - - 2006
It is now accepted that long-duration gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are produced during the collapse of a massive star. The standard 'collapsar' model predicts that a broad-lined and luminous type Ic core-collapse supernova accompanies every long-duration GRB. This association has been confirmed in observations of several nearby GRBs. Here we report ...
Saiki Chikako - - 2007
We tested whether depression of respiratory frequency (fR) under non-oxygenated artificial cerebrospinal fluid (aCSF) in pons-medulla-spinal cord (PMS) and medulla-spinal cord (MS) preparations is significantly influenced by the mitochondrial uncoupler 2,4-dinitrophenol (2,4-DNP) in newborn rats. Preparations were obtained from 0- to 4-day-old rats, and fR was monitored at the C4 ...
Pönitz Volker - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Activated Factor XII (XIIa) is believed to participate in a number of pathophysiological processes including inflammation, thrombosis and fibrinolysis. Increasing XIIa levels following thrombolytic therapy have previously been reported. In contrast to other thrombolytics, tenecteplase (TNK-tpa) does not show paradoxical thrombin activation, indicating a lower procoagulant effect of this ...
Lo Chih-Yu - - 2006
The carbonyl stress that leads to the formation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) in diabetes mellitus has drawn much attention recently. Reactive alpha-dicarbonyl compounds, such as glyoxal (GO) and methylglyoxal (MGO), have been shown to be a high potential glycation agent in vitro and in vivo. In this study, ...
Friedl Reinhard - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Multimedia-augmented instruction with various approaches is used in heart surgery. There is little evidence which instructional techniques and media are of advantage to impart knowledge more effectively and lead to better application of knowledge in the operation room. METHODS: Sixty-nine students learned with an interactive, case-based teaching (ICBT) course ...
Bakhmutov Vladimir I - - 2006
The 29Si T1 time measurements have been performed under magic angle spinning for supermicroporous Si/Mn materials 1-6 containing Mn2+ in concentrations of 0 (1), 1.2 (2), 2.5 (3), 3.8 (4), 15 (5) and 19.8 wt% (6). It has been found that the central lines, corresponding to isotropic chemical shifts, and ...
Guirro R R J - - 2006
The aim was to analyze the inteiference in a signal acquisition module (SAM) EMG1000 (Lynx--10(9) Ohms, 16 bits and range of +/-1 V), with active surface electrode (Lynx--gain 20, IRMC > 100 dB) placed over the belly of the brachial biceps of 18 healthy, sedentary volunteers, without osteomyoarticular pathologies in ...
George William H WH Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. - - 2006
Although drinking often precedes men's sexual activity, basic questions about alcohol's effects on men's sexual arousal remain unanswered. Inconsistencies in findings from studies examining subjective and physiological effects on erectile functioning suggest these effects are context specific, for example, dependent on whether a man wants to maximize or suppress his ...
Abu-Allaban Mahmoud - - 2006
Many areas in Jordan suffer from elevated levels of coarse particulate matter (PM10). One potentially significant source of the observed PM is the resuspension of road dust in the vicinity of limestone quarries. To obtain data to assess the impact from this source, PM10 road dust resuspension factors near Abusiiah, ...
Picker Susanne Maria - - 2006
BACKGROUND: To improve productivity of automated platelet (PLT) collection, the industry has introduced new instruments or modifications to existing equipment. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: With the same 8 donors for double (DDC) and triple-dose PLT collection (TDC), the Baxter Amicus (AM), the Haemonetics MCS Plus (MCS+), and the Gambro Trima ...
Oliveira G T - - 2007
This study investigated the effects of circadian and seasonal fluctuations on the intermediate metabolism of the freshwater crustacean Aegla platensis. Individuals were collected each month, at 6:00 h, 12:00 h and 18:00 h, between August 1999 and June 2002 in the Municipality of Taquara, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil (29 ...
Yamamoto Kenta - - 2007
Medicinal carbon (MC) granules were prepared by wet granulation using maltitol (MT), and the MC tablet was produced by compression of the granules. The physical properties and the in vitro adsorption capacity for AA of the formulations were examined. Further, the effects of MC alone and the granules on gastrointestinal ...
Sun Hanwen - - 2006
A novel, rapid and sensitive analytical method is described for determination of ofloxacin and levofloxacin by enhanced chemiluminescence (CL) with flow-injection sampling. The method is based on the CL reaction of the Ce(IV)-Na2S2O4-ofloxacin/levofloxacin-H2SO2 system. The enhanced CL mechanism was developed and the optimum conditions for CL emission were investigated. The ...
Waring Michael S - - 2007
This study assessed differences in the indoor air quality and occupancy levels in seventeen bars due to a city-wide smoking ban that took effect on September 1, 2005 in Austin, Texas, USA. We measured the following in each venue before and after the smoking ban: mean number of occupants, mean ...
Moretto Geraldo - - 2006
Varroosis, a disease caused by the mite Varroa destructor Anderson and Treuman has killed hundreds of thousands of Apis mellifera L. colonies in various parts of the world. Nevertheless, the damage caused by this mite varies with the type of bee and climate conditions. Varroa causes little damage to Africanized ...
Sonegawa Motoharu - - 2006
Regioselective alkylation of 2-alkyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-3H-cycloheptimidazol-4-one (1) and 2-alkyl-3H-cycloheptimidazol-4-one (2) was investigated. 3-[2'-(1-tert-Butyl-1H-tetrazol-5-yl)biphenyl-4-ylmethyl]-2-propyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1H-cycloheptimidazol-4-one (6) was preferentially obtained under the conditions by using NaH in DMF or THF. On the other hand, 3-[2'-(1-tert-butyl-1H-tetrazol-5-yl)biphenyl-4-ylmethyl]-2-propyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-3H-cycloheptimidazol-4-one (5), the synthetic intermediate compound of Pratosartan, was obtained selectively in the presence of n-Bu(4)NBr in toluene by using aqueous ...
Lin Yu-Heng - - 2006
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the cutting efficiency of the three different ultrasonic tips for orthograde endodontic treatment: stainless steel, zirconium nitride-coated, and diamond-coated tips. An ultrasonic handpiece was mounted on a custom-made automated balance, and each tip repeatedly penetrated dental stone blocks to a depth ...
Li Li-Mei - - 2006
Nine new 7alpha,20-epoxy-ent-kaurane diterpenoids, parvifolines C-K (1-9), together with 12 known analogues, rabdoternin G (10), adenolin E (11), lasiodonin (12), lushanrubescensin F (13), parvifoliside (14), effusanin A (15), effusanin B (16), effusanin E (17), taibaihenryiin A (18), shikokianin (19), maoyecrystal J (20), and the acetonide of lasiodonin (21), were isolated ...
Kamdem Landry K - - 2006
The hepatic carcinogen aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is metabolized in the liver by at least four different P450s, all of which exhibit large interindividual differences in the expression levels. These differences could affect the individual risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We investigated the metabolism of AFB1 in a panel of 13 ...
Earley Christopher J - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) has a circadian component with symptoms being prominent at night. The dopaminergic (DAergic) system, which plays a role in RLS, entails circadian changes that parallel RLS symptom changes. The aim of this study was to look for relative and diurnal differences in DAergic ...
De Wilde Tineke - - 2006
A number of parameters linked to the selection of potato tubers were evaluated with regard to their potential to influence acrylamide formation in French fries. The formation of acrylamide, which is a potential human carcinogen, can be minimized for a big extent by the selection of an appropriate tuber. This ...
Domec J-C - - 2006
We determined the axial and radial xylem tension gradients in trunks of young Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) trees. Axial specific conductivity (k(s-a)) and sap flux density (Js) were measured at four consecutive depths within the sapwood at a stem height of 1 m. By definition, at a given position ...
Cooper R G - - 2006
Quill mites (Gabucinia bicaudata) and lice (Struthiolipeurus struthionis) may infest ostrich feathers, resulting in skin damage, pruritus and excessive feather preening and loss. Four different feather types (prime white, femina extra wide, femina class 1, and femina short; n = 10) were collected. The quill mites and lice were removed ...
Doran Neal - - 2006
The present study, a secondary analysis of published data, assessed (a) the influence of initial positive mood (PM) on smoking cessation and (b) whether smokers low in PM benefited from fluoxetine versus placebo for cessation. Euthymic adult smokers (N = 103) received 10 weeks of cessation treatment. Analyses showed a ...
Loens K - - 2006
The quality performance of laboratories for the detection of Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Chlamydophila pneumoniae by two quality control (QC) exercises with a 2-year interval was investigated. For the 2002 QC exercise, specimens were spiked with M. pneumoniae at concentrations of 5,000, 500, 50, and 0 color-changing units (CCU)/100 microl. The ...
Moon Min Hoan - - 2006
PURPOSE: To evaluate prospectively the accuracy of scrotal ultrasonography (US) in distinguishing obstructive azoospermia from nonobstructive azoospermia in infertile men by using histologic findings as the reference standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The institutional review board approved the study, and informed consent was obtained from each patient. Twenty infertile men (mean ...
Kirkevang L-L - - 2006
AIM: To describe and discuss changes in periapical and endodontic status in a general Danish population. METHODOLOGY: In 1997, 616 randomly selected individuals had a full-mouth radiographic survey taken. In 2003, 77% of the participants attended for a new full-mouth radiographic examination. Information on endodontic treatment and periapical status was ...
Shidham Vinod B - - 2006
ABSTRACT : The Editorial Board of CytoJournal devotes significant efforts, time, and resources to review numerous manuscripts. As it is impossible to include all the experts on the editorial board, there is always a need for additional peers who are requested to join periodically to act as 'academic editors' and ...
Keller Christian E - - 2006
A 45-year-old man with severe proximal muscle weakness had findings diagnostic of adult-onset nemaline myopathy. He also had a monoclonal gammopathy. This is the fifth report of adult-onset nemaline myopathy in a patient with monoclonal gammopathy, suggesting that the occurrence of these entities may be more than a chance association. ...
Forsterlee Robert - - 2006
The effects of defendant race, victim race, and juror gender on sentencing and information processing were examined within the context of a murder trial. A sample consisting of 96, jury eligible White Australians read one of four versions of a real trial transcript, in which the race of a male ...
Fell James C - - 2006
PURPOSE: This scientific review provides a summary of the evidence regarding the benefits of reducing the illegal blood alcohol concentration (BAC) limit for driving and providing a case for enacting a .05 BAC limit. RESULTS: Fourteen independent studies in the United States indicate that lowering the illegal BAC limit from ...
Gardner M A - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to determine the specific effects of extending the interval between dwell time and the duration of scalding on pork quality attributes. Sixty-four Duroc x Yorkshire pigs were randomly assigned to a 2 x 2 factorial treatment arrangement. Treatments included extending the dwell duration from ...
Rawas-Qalaji Mutasem M - - 2006
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of increasing epinephrine load on the characteristics of fast-disintegrating sublingual tablets for the potential emergency treatment of anaphylaxis. Four tablet formulations, A, B, C, and D, containing 0%, 6%, 12%, and 24% of epinephrine bitartrate, respectively, and microcrystalline cellulose:low-substituted hydroxypropyl ...
Tsiliyannis C A - - 2005
Annual environmental performance of packaging products which are reused at least once per year is analyzed with respect to three specific criteria: (1) waste quantities, (2) virgin material demand and resource depletion, and (3) environmental impacts from manufacturing. Packaging flow performance is assessed via a combined reuse/ recycle rate index ...
Nieminen Tuomo - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypotheses that (1) CYP2D6 genotype is associated with pharmacokinetics of ophthalmic timolol and (2) variation in genotypes of ADRB1 (beta(1)-adrenoceptor) and GNAS1 (alpha-subunit of G-protein) modulate heart rate (HR), and systolic (SAP) and diastolic (DAP) arterial pressure responses to timolol. METHODS: Nineteen glaucoma patients and eighteen ...
Di Filippo Salvatore - - 2005
BACKGROUND: On-line determination of ionic dialysance (ID) has been used to measure the clearance of small solutes like urea. However, attempts to determine the in vivo relationship between ID and urea clearance have led to discordant findings. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between the mean ...
Kammerer Bernd - - 2005
Phenprocoumon belongs to the group of vitamin K antagonists (VKAs), for example warfarin and acenocoumarol. It is widely used for therapeutic anticoagulation and clinically administered as a racemate. Both enantiomers are partially metabolized by the polymorphic CYP2C9 enzyme. The pharmacokinetics are, however, substantially less dependent on CYP2C9 activity or genotype ...
Vishu Kumar Acharya B - - 2005
Papain (from papaya latex; EC 3.4.22.2) and Pronase (from Streptomyces griseus; EC 3.4.24.31) caused optimum depolymerization of chitosan at pH 3.5 and 37 degrees C, resulting in LMMC (low molecular mass chitosan) and chito-oligomeric-monomeric mixture. The yield of the latter was 14-16% and 14-19% respectively for papain- and Pronase-catalysed reactions, ...
Parimala K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of a nicorandil congener, SG-209 on the myometrium. STUDY DESIGN: Isolated strips of myometrium, from nine women who underwent hysterectomy, were made to contract with 55 mM KCl before and after incubation with three concentrations of SG-209 (1.5, 3.0 and 10 microM). The mean height ...
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