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Yao Mingyu - - 2008
To clarify the effects of volatile-char interaction on the redistribution of fuel-N to N2 during devolatilization and the reduction of NO through gas-solid reactions during combustion, two types of experiments were performed on a novel reactor. The separate combustion of volatile and char and the combustion of entrained pulverized coal, ...
Clayton E L - - 2008
Bulk endocytosis is triggered in central nerve terminals during intense physiological stimulation. This endocytosis pathway can be labelled by the dye FM1-43 but not its more hydrophilic counterpart FM2-10. This selective labelling was proposed to be due to the retention of FM1-43, but not FM2-10, in slowly retrieving structures after ...
Wing Steve - - 2008
Odors can affect health and quality of life. Industrialized animal agriculture creates odorant compounds that are components of a mixture of agents that could trigger symptoms reported by neighbors of livestock operations. We quantified swine odor episodes reported by neighbors and the relationships of these episodes with environmental measurements. Between ...
Mohammed Abdul M I - - 2008
Patients commonly take complementary medicines in conjunction with warfarin yet evidence supporting the safety or the risk of a herb-drug interaction is lacking. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible impact of two commonly used herbal medicines, garlic and cranberry, on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of warfarin ...
Chung Fei Fang - - 2008
An intruder to a group of identical beads contained in a circular plate which is subjected to a circular vibration will trace approximately a cyclic spiral. The trajectory is a result of both migration and rotation. The intruder migrates in the radial direction while rotating with a constant speed with ...
Ren Lei - - 2008
Cisplatin is one of the most effective cytotoxic agents against cancers. Its usage, however, is limited because of severe resistance and systemic toxicity. A formulation of cisplatin-loaded Au-Au(2)S nanoparticles (NPs) with near-IR (NIR) sensitivity is reported to partly overcome this limitation in this paper. NIR sensitive Au-Au(2)S NPs were successfully ...
Grobbel J P - - 2008
The objectives were to determine the effects of packaging atmosphere and injection-enhancement on tenderness, sensory traits, desmin degradation, and display color of different beef muscles. Longissimus lumborum (LL; n = 12 pairs), semitendinosus (ST; n = 12 pairs), and triceps brachii (TB; n = 24 pairs; 12 from the same ...
Mozaina Kobaisy - - 2008
A large number of naturally occurring and synthetic benzoquinones were evaluated for activity against the Formosan subterranean termite, Coptotermes formosanus, with potential use in termite control. Among these bioactive naturally occurring benzoquinones are 2-methyl-5-isopropyl-1,4-benzoquinone, 2-methoxy-6-pentyl-1,4-benzoquinone, 2,3-dimethoxy-5-methyl-6-(3-methyl-2-butenyl)-1,4-benzoquinone, 2,3-dimethoxy-5,6-dimethyl-1,4-benzoquinone, and 2,3-dichloro-5,6-dimethyl-1,4-benzoquinone. All five of these compounds demonstrated 100% mortality against C. formosanus ...
LeBouf Ryan - - 2008
It is well known that characterization of airborne bioaerosols in indoor environments is a challenge because of inherent irregularity in concentrations, which are influenced by many environmental factors. The primary aim of this study was to quantify the day-to-day variability of airborne fungal levels in a single residential environment over ...
Duvall Rachelle M - - 2008
Size-fractionated particulate matter (PM) samples were collected from six U.S. cities and chemically analyzed as part of the Multiple Air Pollutant Study. Particles were administered to cultured lung cells and the production of three different proinflammatory markers was measured to explore the association between the health effect markers and PM. ...
Singh Baljit - - 2009
In order to make the judicious use of thiram fungicide we have developed starch- and alginate-based controlled and sustained agrochemical delivery system in the form of beads using calcium chloride (CaCl2) as crosslinker. The beads were characterized by FTIR and swelling studies. To study the effect of composition of the ...
Zhou Min - - 2008
Nanostructured Ag0.8Pbm+xSbTem+2 (m = 18, x = 4.5) system thermoelectric materials have been fabricated by combining mechanical alloying (MA) and spark plasma sintering (SPS) methods followed by annealing for several days to investigate the effect on microstructure and thermoelectric performance. It was found that appropriate annealing treatment could reduce both ...
Qin Jian - - 2008
Concentrations of 9-cis beta-carotene (9-cis betaC) and zeta-carotene (zetaC) in biological samples may provide crucial information on the biological activities of these carotenoids. However, in high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) these carotenoids are often co-eluted. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop a method for 9-cis betaC and zetaC quantitation. ...
Fantegrossi William E - - 2008
The chiral nature of the MDMA molecule gives rise to two enantiomers, each of which is biologically active. This review attempts to cover the author's research into the in vivo effects of MDMA and its enantiomers, as well as other relevant publications which pertain to this topic. No particular differences ...
Wexler Anthony S - - 2008
A wide range of new and exciting highly time-resolved instruments were deployed during the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Supersite program and related studies that occurred during the same time period. These measurements elucidated the temporal variation of a suite of gas-phase species, particle physical properties, and size-resolved particulate chemical ...
Fitzgerald Diarmaid - - 2008
We have developed a prototype virtual reality-based balance training system using a single inertial orientation sensor attached to the upper surface of a wobble board. This input device has been interfaced with Neverball, an open source computer game to create the balance training platform. Users can exercise with the system ...
Rundell Kenneth W - - 2008
This study was designed to investigate PM(1) inhalation during exercise on lung function, exhaled nitric oxide (eNO), and total nitrate (NO3), S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO), and malondialdehyde (MDA) in exhaled breath condensate (EBC). Inhalation of combustion-derived PM is associated with adverse respiratory health. A mechanistic action of PM on lung function is ...
Dvivedi Jyoti - - 2008
Premenstrual Syndrome is a psychoneuroendocrine stress related disorder and more than 300 treatment modalities for PMS show that the existing remedies have not provided satisfactory help to relieve PMS. 61-points relaxation exercise (61-PR), a relatively less known hatha yoga technique, is a successful means of stress relaxation and is expected ...
Kilian Shirley - - 2008
Previous investigations have reported decreased size of the corpus callosum (CC) in autism. However, little is known of the regional distribution of these callosal abnormalities. Additional uncertainty exists regarding the role of head size with respect to variations in callosal size in individuals with autism. This study investigated the size ...
Rauch Andri - - 2008
We aimed to assess the value of a structured clinical assessment and genetic testing for refining the diagnosis of abacavir hypersensitivity reactions (ABC-HSRs) in a routine clinical setting. We performed a diagnostic reassessment using a structured patient chart review in individuals who had stopped ABC because of suspected HSR. Two ...
Kern Rosalie - - 2007
The purpose of the investigation was to examine the influence of the victim's provocation and hopefulness on the sentencing of a husband convicted of domestic violence. It was hypothesized that mock jurors would assign less-severe sentencing if the victim was provoking and hopeful. Mock jurors read one of four factorial ...
Ruanglek Vasimon - - 2007
A new linear polyester, menisporopsin B, along with the known macrocyclic polyester, menisporopsin A, was isolated from the seed fungus Menisporopsis theobromae BCC 4162. The structure of menisposopsin B was addressed primarily by spectroscopic analyses, and the stereochemistry was established by chemical correlation. Menisporopsin B exhibited antimalarial activity with an ...
Wang Xiaoli - - 2007
This paper reports the determination of ulifloxacin (UFX) by terbium-sensitized fluorescence using a second-order scattering method. UFX and Tb(III) ion form a fluorescence complex in aqueous solution, and its maximum excitation and emission wavelengths are located at 273 and 545 nm, respectively. In optimum conditions, the relative intensity at 545 ...
Loguercio Alessandro D - - 2007
This study evaluated the effectiveness of two microabrasion products for the removal of enamel fluorosis stains. Using a split-mouth study design, two operators used PREMA (PM) and Opalustre (OP) to remove fluorosis-like stains from 36 subjects (10-12 years old). Both products were rubbed onto the surface of the affected teeth ...
Krueger Charlene - - 2007
PURPOSE: This study compared sound levels before and after structural reconstruction within an NICU. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Using a descriptive design, sound level recordings (in decibels, A-weighted scale) of the Leq, L10, and Lmax were measured continuously for 8 hours (0600-1400) before and after reconstruction in an NICU located ...
Choi Jung Hoon - - 2007
Microglia are evenly distributed throughout the brain parenchyma. They respond rapidly to a variety of alterations in the microenvironment of the brain and act as sensors for pathological events in the brain. In the present study, we investigated the age-dependent changes in the immunoreactivity and protein level of ionized calcium-binding ...
Qu Lijun - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To compare the hemostatic properties of transurethral plasmakinetic resection of the prostate (PKRP), transurethral vaporization resection of the prostate (TUVRP) and transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) ex vivo, as perioperative bleeding is still regarded as one of major complications of transurethral prostatectomy. METHODS: The modified model of isolated ...
Cheng C H - - 2008
Experiments were conducted on a 4-cylinder direct-injection diesel engine with fumigation methanol injected into the air intake of each cylinder. The fumigation methanol was injected to top up 10%, 20% and 30% of the power output under different engine operating conditions. The effects of fumigation methanol on engine performance, gaseous ...
Jumaryatno Pinus - - 2007
Specimens of the Indo-Pacific sponge Acanthella cavernosa Dendy collected from locations along the Eastern coastline of Australia have been shown to contain a range of sesquiterpenes including isothiocyanate 1, isocyanide 10, and the isocyanates 15 and 22. These metabolite studies have provided a basis for chemical comparisons between sponge populations ...
Alves Georges - - 2007
Plasma membrane H+-ATPase (PM H+-ATPase) plays a key role in nutrient transport, stress responses and growth. To evaluate proton motive force differences between apical and basal parts of acrotonic 1-year-old shoots of walnut (Juglans regia L. cv 'Franquette') trees, spatial and seasonal changes in PM H+-ATPase were studied in mature ...
Manner Hendrik - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of 2nd generation argon plasma coagulation (VIO APC) with respect to the tissue destruction capacity, and to compare it with standard APC and Nd:YAG laser. METHODS: 2nd generation APC (VIO APC2, Erbe, Germany), standard APC (APC 300/Erbotom ICC 200, ...
Bataille Régis - - 2008
CD117 (c-kit) was evaluated on normal plasma cells (PC) (n=10), PC of individuals with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS, n=12), malignant PC from patients with multiple myeloma (MM) either at diagnosis (n=83) or relapse (n=38) and on 23 human myeloma cell lines (HMCL). Whereas CD117 is never expressed in ...
Johnson Neil W - - 2007
In an effort to understand the effect of N-alkylation of triarylimidazoles on Tie2 inhibition, ortho-substituted C-2 aryl analogs were synthesized to investigate the effect of different torsion angles on potency. This exercise resulted in the identification of a potent and selective tetrasubstituted imidazole that was efficacious in an animal model ...
Lautenschlager Sandro R - - 2007
Flow direction reversal (FDR) was proposed as a novel method to increase net water production (NWP) during cross-flow ultrafiltration. The design of the pilot-plant study allowed measurement of specific flux recovery after each chemically assisted backwash (BW) combined with FDR and after each FDR at the midpoint of each BW/FDR ...
Guo Lian-Qing - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Herein we aim to test if pummelo furanocoumarins can inhibit cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A both in vitro and in vivo, and to explore the influence of CYP3A5*3 (GenBank AC005020: A22893-->G) polymorphism in the pharmacokinetics and pharmacological response to felodipine. METHOD: Fruit juices of pummelo grapefruit (Citrus paradisi Macf., G), ...
Boles David B - - 2007
In two studies, we found that dot enumeration tasks resulted in shallow-sloped response time (RT) functions for displays of 1-4 dots and steep-sloped functions for displays of 5-8 dots, replicating results implicating subitizing and counting processes for low and high ranges of dots, respectively. Extracting number from a specific type ...
Zhu Dan - - 2007
Synaptotagmins (Syts) constitute a large family of at least 16 members and individual Syt isoforms exhibit distinct Ca(2+)-binding properties and subcellular localization. It remains to be demonstrated whether multiple Syt isoforms can function independently or cooperatively on certain type of vesicle. In the current study, we have developed NPY-pHluorin to ...
Chang Li-Te - - 2007
Environmental epidemiologic studies have shown that elderly people are susceptible to particulate air pollution. The decreases in heart rate variability are important indices of health effect caused by particulate matter. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of submicron particle (PM(1)), PM(1-2.5), and coarse particle (PM(2.5-10)) on ...
Fujiwara Ryoichi R Drug Metabolism and Toxicology, Division of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa 920-1192, - - 2007
Protein-protein interactions between human UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) 1A1, UGT1A4, and UGT1A6 were investigated using double expression systems in HEK293 cells (UGT1A1/UGT1A4, UGT1A1/UGT1A6, and UGT1A4/UGT1A6). The substrates specific for UGT1A1 (estradiol and bilirubin), UGT1A4 (imipramine and trifluoperazine), and UGT1A6 (serotonin and diclofenac) were used to determine the effects of the coexpression of ...
Sadovnick A D - - 2007
A month-of-birth (MOB) effect has been shown in multiple sclerosis (MS). Our chi(2) analyses looked at whether this MOB effect differed by MS phenotype ("bout onset," "primary progressive"). The MOB effect was derived from "bout onset" MS patients (May/November ratio = 1.43; chi(2) = 17.32, df = 1, p = ...
Sax Sonja N - - 2007
Santiago, Chile, is one of the most polluted cities in South America. As a response, over the past 15 yr, numerous pollution reduction programs have been implemented by the environmental authority, Comisión Nacional del Medio Ambiente. This paper assesses the effectiveness of these interventions by examining the trends of fine ...
Ermilova Elena V - - 2007
Ammonium is the preferred nitrogen source and chemoattractant for the unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Here we describe that chemotaxis to methylammonium, a non-metabolizable analogue to ammonium, that occurs only in vegetative cells and pregametes but not in gametes. A new methylammonium-resistant mutant, hat1 that was generated by insertional mutagenesis, ...
Meletiadis Joseph - - 2007
Antifungal agents may differ in their fungicidal activities against Aspergillus spp. In order to compare the fungicidal activities of voriconazole and amphotericin B against 40 isolates of Aspergillus fumigatus, A. flavus, and A. terreus, we developed a new microbroth colorimetric method for assessing fungicidal activities and determining minimal fungicidal concentrations ...
Wheeler T L - - 2007
The objectives of this study were 1) to determine which longissimus thoracis et lumborum steaks were appropriate for slice shear force measurement and 2) to determine the among and within institution variation in LM slice shear force values of 6 institutions after they received expert training on the procedure and ...
Sorg Isabel - - 2007
YscU is an essential component of the export apparatus of the Yersinia injectisome. It consists of an N-terminal transmembrane domain and a long cytoplasmic C-terminal domain, which undergoes auto-cleavage at a NPTH site. Substitutions N263A and P264A prevented cleavage of YscU and abolished export of LcrV, YopB and YopD but ...
Li Zhaohui - - 2007
Chromate transport through columns packed with zeolite/zero valent iron (Z/ZVI) pellets, either untreated or treated with the cationic surfactant hexadecyltrimethylammonium (HDTMA), was studied at different flow rates. In the presence of sorbed HDTMA, the chromate retardation factor increased by a factor of five and the pseudo first-order rate constant for ...
Oliviero C - - 2008
We investigated the effect of two types of housing on the duration of farrowing and the physiology of sows before and after farrowing. We assigned 20 sows (PEN) to farrowing pens (210 cm x 335 cm) enriched with straw bedding and 18 sows (CRATE) were placed in farrowing crates (80 ...
Yamaguchi Masaki - - 2007
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the usefulness of salivary amylase activity as an indicator of the acute psychological sedative effects of fragrances used in household products such as clothing softeners. Twenty seven healthy Philippine female subjects in their late 30 s were enrolled (38.7+/-5.2 yr). This study ...
Ueda Tetsuo - - 2007
This study was conducted to assess the effect of pupil size on dynamic visual acuity (DVA). 60 young healthy men (M = 28.1 yr., SD = 3.9) with normal vision were divided into three age-matched groups by pupil size: dilated (n=20), unchanged (n=20), and constricted (n=20). DVA was measured binocularly ...
Seddighi Mohammad Reza - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate effects of small intestinal submucosa (SIS) on elution properties of plaster of Paris (POP). SAMPLE POPULATION: 27 POP cylinders, 27 POP spheres, and 9 polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) spheres. PROCEDURES: Pellets were loaded with gentamicin (50 mg/g) and divided into 7 groups of 9 beads each: PMMA spheres; POP ...
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